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Full text of "The Asiatic journal and monthly miscellany"

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*■'. 

^i 



2>s 



f 



A 



J 



THE 



ASIATIC JOURNAL 



AND 



MONTHLY REGISTER 



FOR 



■t 



T&ximh 3[ntita ano iti^ Depenoencie^. 



CONTAINING 



Original Commtmicationfl. 
Memoirs of Eminent Persons. 
History, Antiquities, Poetry. 
Natural History, Geography. 
Review of New Publications. 
DelMites at the East-India House. 
Proceedings of the Colleges of Haileybury 

and Fort William, and the Military 

Seminary at Addiscombe. 

India Civil and Military Intelligence, Ap- 
pointments, Promotions, Births, Mar- 
riages, &c. &C. 

-iiiterary, and Philosophical Intelligence. 



Missionary and Home Intelligence, Births^ 

Marriages, Deaths, &c. 
Commercial Intelligence. 
Shipping Intelligence, Ship Letter-Mails, 

Lists of Passengers to and from India. 
State of the London and India Markets. 
Notices of Sales at the East- India House. 
Times appointed for the East-India Com- 
pany's Ships for the Season. 
I Prices Current of East-India Produce. 
India Exchanges and Company's Secu- 
rities. 
Daily Prices of Stocks, &c. &c. &c. 



VOL. ni. 

FROM JANUARY TO JUNE 1817. 



LONDON : 

PRINTED FOR BLACK, PARSyRY, It ALLEN, 

BOOKSEIiLEKS TO THB aOMOUaABLX BAST-INDIA COMFAXT, 

LBADBNBALL STKEET. 



1817. 



>) 



■' hi; 



r, 



-mmmmmm^ 



I I ■ ■ 






PREFACE. 

tt would be an injustice to themselyeB as well as an iinbeconpJngfci^ 
getfoln^ss of the numerous and highly respectable portion of the i^uUk: 
which has favoured the conductors of the Auatic Journal with tbeir 
patronage, were they to omit the opportunity afforded by the coaafl^ti^ 
of another volume, of expressing their gratitude for the support the pub- 
lication has already obtained at this early sthge of its establishment, 
and the desire they feel for the extension of its influence and usefulness. 

After more than half a century had elapsed, since the power of Bri- 
tain became ascendant in the East, a periodical publication devoted 
to convey information respecting an Empire claiming die allegiance of 
princes and nations, and whose influence is felt throughout all Asia, was 
any thing but premature and unrequired. 

If we consider the magnitude and importance of the firitish relations 
with India, the progress of afiairs must certainly appear, of suffi- 
cient importance to require a regular, authentic and separate 
communication to the public. If we consider the fertility of 
these regions in whatever is interesting to science or curio- 
sity, the mines of ancient knowledge, the fields of nature, and the va- 
rieties of human circumstances and character observable^ it will not ap- 
pear less a desideratum that those who are interested in the various 
branches of Oriental knowledge should have the opportunity .of that 
sort of literary intercourie which ilie pages of a misceUany afford. 
Row very imnble, also^ a commercial and domestic intelligencer must 



PREFACE. 



tt would be an injustice to themselyeB as well as an unbecc 
getfoln^ of the numerous and highly respectable portion of i 
which has favoured the conductors of the Auatic Journal ^ 
patronage, were they to omit the opportunity afforded by the c 
of another volume, of expressing their gratitude for the suppoi 
lication has already obtained at this early sthge of its estal 
and the desire they feel for the extension of its influence and i 

After more than half a century had elapsed, since the pow 
tain became ascendant in the East, a periodical publicatio: 
to convey information respecting an Empire claiming the all 
princes and nations, and whose influence is felt throughout aU 
any thing but premature and unrequired. 



If we consider the magnitude and importance of the firitu 
with India, the progress of affairs must certainly appeal 
cient importance to require a regular, authentic an( 
communication to the public. If we consider the i 
these regions in whatever is interesting to science 
sity, the mines of ancient knowledge, the fields of nature, i 
rieties of human circumstances and character observable^ it y 
pear less a desideratum that those who are interested in 
branches of Oriental knowledge should have the opportui 
sort of literary intercounte which ilie pages of a miscellf 
Row'very deniable^ also^ a comnercia] and domestic intellig 



2 
appear, if we conftider of what vital influence upon national prosperity 
the India trade has always been regarded, a general conviction evinced 
by the perpetual struggles of individuals and communities to obtain a 
participation of it ; and if we consider the closeness of the ties which, 
multiplying with the diffusion of commerce, and the extension of our 
establishments, turn the anxieties «of an increasing number of British 
fiimilies to news from the East* 

Impressed with the conviction that a periodical intelligencer, calcu< 
lated to meet such a state of the public mind, cannot fail of success, 
the projectors of the Asiatic Journal are actuated by a most earnest 
desire to promote its utBity m every 'point of view, |>olitical, scientific, 
and domestic. 



•»/■» 



♦ . • 



THE , 

ASIATIC JOURNAI, 

FOR 

JANUARY I8I7. 

A BRIEF MEMOIR 

OF THE UFB OF 

THE LATE EARL OF BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

* * • * . 

"RoBSST, late Bat I of Budung< turn to Eiirope, and, accprdingljE 
hamdiire, and President <A Ihe resigned his charge in February 
Board of Commisstonera for the 1798. We do not think that w^ 
Affiurs of India, vras the son of can d«scril)e the character oif his 
George, Earl of BuckinghaDuhire, lordship's measures and usefulness, 
Baron Hbbart of Blickling ; he was better than by a citation of his own 
bom the 6th of May 1780> It words used on the occauon of his 
u well known that hki lordship was retiring from the Government*, 
fttta^ to the administration of „ ^^ ^ ^^ „^ ^. 
Mr. Pitt, to whose line of pohOcs ^^j, .j.*^ ^ pecuniaiy em- 
he mvanably adher^ diwM the garraiments under which this 
whole coiiwe of his hfe. Hialord- government, from various and un- 
ship received the appomtaent of avoidable causes, has laboured; 
Govemorof Madrasm 179t,andat j ^^ ^ot be silent upon tfaatsab- 
the same fame was nommated sUc- j^ ,j «twaA : at the same tin* 
ceseorasGovtonorGeneraloflnAa \ can confidently assert, that 
intiie event ofcthe removal of Snr ^njongst those causes, ndtha » 
John Shore. A detailed recapjtu- gj^ct regard to economy, nor a 
hOion of the Buecessnre acts of his p^„je attention to so essential an 
lordship 8 government we do not ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ wanting on my 
think necessaiy; It would be equal- J^^^ External conquestt cannot 
ly improper, hoirever, were we not £3 ^je without extraordinary ex^ 
to remmd the public of some of n^. ^^^ jhe increase of the 
those measures m the discharge %s&xxri establishment, with an 
of his exalted functions for the extendfed investment, wiU be found 
aerwce of hn country, which, ^^ have occasioned that pressure 
perhaps, may be regarded as cha- ^^^ the Treasury against which I 
r^erisuc of his government. The hay, had to contendT The record* 
:Court ofDirectors havine, m Oc- ^ju tear testimony to tlie perse^ 
lAber 1797, iuperaeded the above y^rance and diligence with, which 
«uco^V>nal nomn^ion, by the the revenues have been atfended 
appointment of the Earl of Mom- t,,. In some instapces they have 
ungton to the supreme govermnent, considerably, (md, I trust, ne'- 
and of YJ^heral Harris to the^go- inanently, increased : . in otKtsw 
veitamient of Ma«kas, Lord Hobart ^here there may have befen a te'iS* 

concewed oiat oiese mepures m- . ■•; ' 

dicated the expeifency of" his re- « vide ParMsnieiitary F»»p«r». ■' 

Atiatic Joum.^1iio. 13. Vol. ilT. B' '- - 



2 M^ioir of the late Earl tff Buckinghamshire. ZJjl'R* 

porary failore^ the cause of it has found highly beneficial to the 

been Buificieutly manifestr. to shew Company s interests, 

that it haft arisen from circum- " If, in times of peculiar tarbu^ 

stances not within .the power of lency and agitation all over the 

this government to control. world, the government of Madras 

« The complete subjection to ^^^ ^^^^ remarkable for the due 
which the tributaries of the Com- 



pany liave been reduced may, I 
tbblc, be lidverted to atf ft promi- 
netit feature of my gtyvenment ; 
and^^some particular n^ice may 
perHtaps be due to the proceedings 
Respecting die Yf sianagram Z«- 
mindary, 

** When I arrived at Madras, 
that' 2^mindary^ was in a state 
of serious commotion. 'Although 
Vjzerani Kauze had fkllen, - tSe 
oower of t)ie' Zemindar remained 
fbrniidable ; and it .was not till 
after a ' severe Aruggle, and • the 
Surmounting of difficulties ' tiiat 
rendered persevferance fai our plan 
sometimes que^'tipuable, that a 
iiettlement was mj^^j Mlf which 
the ^ inordinate atiii' dangerous 

Eower of the Pushputy family was 
rou^ht within reaspDablQ.bt{.und!b, 
ihe rights, of the inferior^' 2en^in- 
dars (m wliich. is inchiflw'Jthe 
restoration of the heir of tRe* tin- 



raspect which has been paid to its 
authority, some merit may be al- 
lowed to those by whom it nas been 
conducted. 

" If the very proud and advan- 
tageous situation in which the 
British £mpire in India is now 
placed be attributable to the exer- 
tiqns of this government, I may be 
permitted to congratulate ^ those 
^ith wtiom I have had the honour 
to act^ upon, a circumstance so 
creditfi^le to our administration, 
. " It Would ill become me, when 
upon ^8 subject, to be unmindful 
ot tliQse services and of that co^ 
o{;^er^tion» for which this govern- 
ment tids so repeatedly had occa- 
sion tp be grateful to Admiral 
Rainier, whose zeal^ for the public 
good I)a8 ,been as. conspicuous as 
oils integrity in avoiding all Durbar 
intriffue nas been demonstrative of 
ihs .dlsinterestedoess of his cha- 
rac|^r^ ' , ' 

"^If the resistance X have made 



fortunate Bhupali Raja) establish- jo^the destructive system of lend- 

authori- i - *• *i. «.• 

log money jto the natives upon 

usurious loans, and particularly-to 



edy and the Company's 



tv rendered decidedly permanent ™rfni,« lom,«. and nartirnlarl v.tn 
throughout tliat extensive and va- 



luable country. 

• ** The investment has been in- 
creased to an unexampled extent ; 
4ind although the heavy expenses 
xsi the war, and the existing 
•scarcity of specie, hare rendered 
ft advisable to curtail i^ for the 
present, the Company may derive 
great future advantage from the 



(he "Nabob of the Carnatic and th« 
]taj9 of Tanjore, has laid the 
foundation of abolishing a practices 
po iiyuribufi to the government and 
to. the people, I shall never regret 
any personal enmity it may hayt 
provoked^ against me: it wasan en- 
mity J always foresaw^ and which 
I should not have been so impru- 
dent as to have h zarded, had I 



knowledge .they have acquired of jiot been impelled to it by a deep 
the extent to which ,it may be ^ense of the miagnitude of the eviL 



jcarried* 

<< IbvlHlg ererjr reason to be* 

Jieye that th^ reeailations which 

jiavp been evtaUi^ed during my 

MPimmentt with a view to a coin- 



** I should wish to pass .entirely 
unnoticed . (if consistency would 
permit it) the diSerenqes that hav^ 
taken place between the Supreme 
Government and me. I trusty 



Jfe^jsyiitem of check and control however, itpiustbe evident tha^ 

jn thi^ military deportment, will be they were differences into tfhich I 

jteadily followed up^ I am ponfi- )vas led by the necessBxy defence 

4«M| tmt ibeiiE pperttion wiU be of my own meaaiirea. Thp princi- 

t » • 



IB17^* Memoirqf ihe late Earl of Buddnghamshire* S 

pal objects of public importance of the crown he had to ilistinguish 

on which they turned were> the between the advantages, in a na- 

proposiiion of Major Kirkpatrick tiohal point of view, which would 

for stocking the Nizam's army with accrue from a partial opening of 

British officers ; the execution of the trade, and the dangers wmch 

the orders from Europe respecting would have undoubtedly attended 

the Dutch settlements, viz. the the realizing Qf the .extravagant 

ateps previous to the attack of expectations and unbounded pre- 

Trincomalee ; the Candian em- tensions which influenced the pub? 

bassy ; and the Eastern expedition, lie mind at the period of the re- 

Upon these points, I do not as- newal qf the^ present carter. :. ^^ 

lume more than the public records lliese -.pretensions, like mof^t 

will justify, when I assert that the other ^popular feelings, were nei- 

measures of this government have ther founded in justice, nor did 

been approved by ^e Court of tbey^look. to more than one side of 

JDirectors. ' . the question, and the rights pf the 

<< Upon the discussions respect- £ast India Company, th^ great 

ing the Nabob of the Camatic'a^ political measures they had, iq. the 

the Raja of Tanjore, unable £o .; course of two centuries achieved, 

speak from positive official au- and the harassing exactions aPtd the 

thority, I shall only express mv commercial difficulties which they 

conviction, that experience will had surmounted, and had still £o 

show the futility or those hopes contend with, were scarcely at all 

that rest upon the expectation of weighed' by tihie majority of the na- 

carrying any essential object with tion at large. The. terms of the 

them by persuasion alone^ and that cl^iarter of 1813 are tooTulIy in the 

humanity^ soimd policy, and jos- possesiion of the public ^to need 

tice, will impress, the necessity of recapituIati^Aere. The extension 

a more effectual interference." of the trade to the outpori^, which is 

Soon after his return to this its most important feature, was not, 

country his lordship wa^ called up we believe, contemplated by the 

by writ to the House of Peers, and Geodemaii* who was President of 

placed in the ancient b&r<>ny of the ^oard at the conimencenieht 

hfobart. In 1801 he was appoint- of the negociatipn, and the policy 

ed Secretary at War; in 1804? he of the Earl of Buckinghaiiishire, 

succeeded to the titles and estattes in recommending to 'the legisla- 

of the late Earl, his father^ in 1806 ture the adoption of that measure,. 

he was appointed Post Mas^t)r may be considered in almost every 

General ; and, on the removal of! point of view as questionable, and 

Lord Melville to the Admiralty, has certainly not yet been made ap- 

he obtained the high distinction of parent, tn awarding to hi^ lordship 

President of the Board of Com- the sh^re of praise which justly be- 

Biissioners for the Affisiirs of India, longs to him in the conduct of this 

The extraordinary zeal and un- important negociation, it is not easy 

wearied activity displayed by this to lose tight of the extraordinary a- 

nobleman, in the execution of the bility and eldquence which was dis- 

important duties of his office, de- played by the Directors of theCom- 

mand a respect which, perhaps, ^any on Uie other side of the question 

none in any way connected with * The stfljj^ct of the renewal of 

the concerns of our Eastern Em- the Company's Charter and the 

pire will be inclined to withhold. Embnssf toK^hhia; Wtt^^Jhe las t 

In the important, discussion on acts of nis lordship's^ ^oiit&iaL life ; 

the renewal of the' Company's ex- and 't'll wfthin'tf'«ftNv da^r'Q^fhls 

elusive privileges, the weight of his decease, lie w£us' ttetuaUy eaaj^lifq'^ 

lordship's abilities and e^tperience * -^ * — » — '- — . ■ '. in - . > i ^'-M^ ^ 

-was fully manifest. As a minister - * ■ • », ikiidas, ; v ' 



1 On the Qjoettioh cf Rank and PrB&sdtnce, ' f^SAn, 

edf in conjcmction wHh the lead- On the demise of ftii^ lofdfthip 

ing ihembers of the Court iof Pi- Mt* Canning was atoc^nt^d IM 

jrectors; m completing the arrange- successor at Whitehall, and Mr* 

nient ofLord Anfharst^8im|>6rtant T. Wallace retired, after d long 

mission, to the favourafolig issue of aind actire discharge of the duties 

which it is ii0rfl known that he look- of ia Member of ihe Hoard;* 

•dwith sanffuine expeetati<oriS. The Earl was twice -nidrried: 

^ His Lordsfarp^s tiedltii had de- first tb Margarfetta, the relict of 

cHned sirtce the autumn of 1S15, Thomas Addcrley, Esq. of la- 

hnd he had been %ome time seri- liishannon, in the county of Cork^ 

ously ' indisposed iii conseauMce in January 1790; ahd a second tittle 

of a fall from his fadrse m St. to EleanOrAgtie^ Eden, tt daughter 

James's Park, nearly three tnonths of Lord Aiifckldind, in June 17919. 

previoils to his decease. By the Having nb male issue thd titles and 

advice of his physicians he repair- estates devolve on his nephew 

ed tb Bath, but obtaining no bene- George Henry, the present £art* 

fit from the change, and receiving Irftdv Sarah Hbbart, hi^ Lord- 

littte or no hopes of recovei^, he ship s dttughletr by his'first lady, h 

removed to town, where he ex- hlarried to the H<m.F« Robinson, 

piredtnthe 56th year of Ins age^at '-•■'■;■ — v~^ \7 r~ 

fT, _ • »<» *i •*%« *^ 1# • ,The Qerk/lnp of the C.>inmoii Pkas in the 

his house m Hamilton Place, on the E*cliet|(ie?of IrelaMl btto btci^me ^achnt by faki 

WiFfeb.1816. ^r^w^i^. 



ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS; 

Toihe EdkorofthejisksHaJtmrnaK 

Sir,-*Many of your readers be- women would pUsh their feelingii 
sides myself have to thank you for so far that they would rather 
the valuable information contained ** Hi^^n in Hell tlian nerve in liearen;" 
in your number for October, on b^t tho«e who like myself have wit- 
the long unsettled question of rank i^g^ed .the direful 90i)tests which 
and precedence in India. Len^tJi have occi^rred.alno very distfint 
of service in the country and mili- period at the Pr^esidency under 
tary rank, heretofore the only which I served, will scarcely ehterr 
claims to distinction, have long tain very sanguine hopes that jBven 
been found insufficient for the pre- the weJgbi of roy^l .authority can 
nervation of the due order and de- satisfiaclorily all^y' the "pleasing 
corum of the refined society of hope^ and fond desires" of female 
British India, a society which iA emulation. But, sir,, much as I la^ 
|)pint of the purity of its morals jnent the disputes which have thua 
and true civilization stands confes* arisen among the ladies in India, 
jedly the first of any European co- j am by no means of opiniop that 
Jony. The course now pursued it is a question of trifling import, 
was I believe recommended by the or that it will be best settled wli«n 
late Earl of Buckinghamshire and Irft to iteelf ; it is mainly to thes- 
is similar to the one adopted iii" the finance pf the fair sex that society 
year 176(), With referetice to his in India is indebted for the pure an4 
Majesty's colonies in Anierica. high tone of character which it now 
, J have however to regret that enjoys, and while we admit the 
^ith the ladies th^ knotty pgint jji truth (a ipn'actical truth to all wh^ 
still undecided, and that on their }iave resid^ed lany time in Ind|i^) ip 
account it'is a^aiu referred home, is .undoul^te^y proper tiiat thei|r 
I would not ior a. moment enter- rank should. ^be.ajssigned and fixed* 
tain the idea that our fair country- with the same regard to 'delicacy 



.«od feeluigaahasbeeneviaeedm lou^ i«i a peerefto Iv jafighter offt 



the royttl warrant which settles 
the nink Imd psieoedence of the 
other s^z... 

I would however remmd layfrnr 
countrywomeiiy that although it 
may be necessary to assign a pro- 
per rank to tbei9> in Indaa, yet 
when the^ return to their native 
country all this desire of superiority 
Pfin m^ionger be gratified* The la- 
dv eovemess and the wife of the 
<^ief justice m^jr AM it vervj^roper 
amusement (o contend for the upper 
hand while their husbands are ab- 
sent from the PresideAcy» bu$ in 
England theiiekes of John Bull, 
diough glittering in llierdidmands. 
of 'Golcoiida, or irrapped in the 
shawk of Tibet^ must be content 
to be elbowed with at least an 
equal proportion of citiaetis and 
right honourable dames. 

The question under reference ap- 



peer r^taimng theitank in India Ae 

her hual^aad's rank might ^be in^^ 
noi^ provided such precedence 
does not take olaoe of the wives of 
the roaHbers of govemn^ent. Be- 
st^ Ihdfie right hcN^nrable la^^^s 
must carry their rank with Aem in 
returning to England, but those 
ifh^OBsess rank only in right of 
their husbands must- resign it im« 
iliediately jon leavinjp • India. In 
whatever way therefore the sove- 
rei^ may be pleaaed tp-set^e the 
point' in referenee« it is hoped that 
the difficulty of tbetask wiU beduly 
considefed by the ladies, and that 
if fOyal wisdom itself &k to give 
vniveisid satisfaction to those dear 
absentees, let them renien^>er that 
there are those in England whcare 
waiting to give them in their own 
country that homage to their vir- 



pears tobe^n^tp; (tip i5tifepective{/tiies«ndgtnind8,whirt 
stations of those ladies who rank in command and whicn no warrant 

lam, Sir, &c. 

Carnaticus. 



England accoi;ding to their birth," 
and those who are entitled to rank 
in rigl^t of their husbands opiy. J 
confess Icai^ see nothing anoma- 



can create. 
• 6ath, 
yw, 1,. 1816. 



.»..!. 



-as 



To the Editor 'i^the A^Hc Journal. 



I am at H loss whether the' chal; 
lenge you allude to, in your ad- 
dress to correspondents, be the 
free translation from SadT, or the 
imitation from Hafiis ; b\it to' make 
sure r shall answer it iVom both 
authors; Sadlk is a famiHar sig- 
nature with me of bld^ but he 
could quote bis original j when 1 
formerly knew him. iThe signa- 
ture of Shir'az is new ; his author 
Sadi has long been a favourite with 
me ; and I have had translations 
of his Gulistan, Bustan, . and other 

Jiarts of his Ituliat lying by m^ 
or upwards of twentjr years. Sadi 
passed a long life^,dne hundred 
and sixteen lunar years, in poverty ; 
hayiiig travelled during thirty of 
th^m over great part of the habi- 
table world, six hundred anid fifly 
years aso, as a dervise, and having 
spent his last sixty years as^a cell- 



gibu^ recluse ;'yet in a dispute be- 
tween him and a fellow dervise, he 
took the side of the rich in oppiosi- 
tibn to the poor man ; and argued 
ifiat, iroba his easy circumstance^ 
he is likely to be Uie most pious, 
moral, and of course charitable of 
the two, as having the. means of 
being so. 1 could quote twenty 
passages fr/wp Sadi's works^ that 
would aeree in the sentiment exr 
pressed m the lines of Shiraz ; but 
Doth he and Sadik are, I fear, too 
paraphrastical to furnish me with 
a dew, and I would recommend 
their at least giving the first hemis* 
tic, if a Ghaz'l, which in Persian 
answers as an index,, either in" the 
original or an English character. 
For the present I must content 
myself with giving you an apo- 
logue^ t^ie last of the ninth chapter^ 
otSadi's Bustan ; wherein the au- 



Apologue fitm Sadft Buttan. 



tJAK. 



thof) cold and iodiffbrent as he 
generally seems to the common oc- 
currences of life, expresses a keen- 
er domestic feeling than I should 
have thought him capable of: yet 
on such an occasion—- 



** He could not bat remember snob 

things were. 
And were most desr to him I*' 

He might say with Young : 
'* Fathers nlone, a fti(her*s heart ean 

[know." 






J-^J ji ^J^^"^ 3^'^r ) 



^^ 



.1- 



^J^JT* 




ylij ^^ ^ .^g^ jjy. JT^ 



Having occasion some time ago sin .* In my melancholy and djsioosolate 
to send my literal translation of recollection of his lovely form, I tore oflf 
the above, as a part of a specimen the stone that closed up tbe entrance of 



of a life of Sadi I have also lymg 
by me, to an old Bengal frieno, 
his son, now preparing to go out 
to India as a writer in the Hon. 
Company's service, returned me 
lately a^ poetical version of it; 
whicn I shall now copy with some 
few alterations and aaditions, after 
my own literal translation :— - 



his sepulchre ; and in this my desperate 
plight I entered that gtooiiiy uiul narrow 
vault, with a gait bewildered and a faco 
inHained ; when my reasuu had recovered 
itself from this state of desolation, 1 fan • 
cied that my souUdeluding hoy was wiiis- 
pering in my ear: *' If despair overwhelm- 
ed thee in this abode of glootn, be wise 
and prepare for thyself a place of greater 



«« 



chceifulness ; wishcst thou, thut the 
In the land of Sanaa (the capital of ^jg^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ „,^^|jj ^^ ia,„|„ou8 as 



Yemen or Arabia Felix] 1 lost a sim by 
4eath» how am I to describe the affliction 
I suffered for his sake t fate never ordain- 
td a bsautifhl form like tliat of Joseph, 
which the Ashes of the grave (i. e. ths 
worms) have not devoured, us the whale 
swallowed Jonas : in this garden (the pre- 
sent life) no stately cypress yet flolui^hud, 
whici) the desolating storm of death lias 
fiot torn up hy the roots : no wonder, 
that roses shouhl spring from tliat eiu-th, 
tinder which so many rose-bodied char- 
mers lie buried I I said In my heart, die, 
oh reprobate! for Infants depart from life 
'■■oceali and old men contaminated with 



day ? then carry with thee ready trimmed 
the lamp of good work«." The majority 
of mankind entertain the sordid ho|>e, that 
they can reap the harvest without having 
sown the seed : but b»t, oh Sadi ! caa eat 
tiie fruit of that tree, which himself had 
planted, and that person must gather tbt 
harvest, who had sown the seed. 

In Sanaa once my happy land. 
Torn frem^a doting parent's hand 

Which nurlur'd and which fed | • 
My Sou, the comfort of my years. 
Depart cHl fi-om this vale tff^tears* 

And In his grave wipi;laid t 



J817.3 TronJation qf n 

The cypress, empress of the groves, 
By gentle zephyrs gracefal moves, 

Yet levelled is by storms : 
So Joseph, in his grave laid loir, 
h\kt Jou9h in the fish's maw» 

Is eatcu up by worms : 
No wonder, thiit this verdant earth 
To sweetest fruits and flowers gives birth, 

The pomegranate ^ad rose ; 
For thus enrich'd witli many a flower» . 
CutDff in youth and beauty's hour. 

It's gratitorie it shows : 
Alas ! bolv weariFome is life. 
It's Qerer-ceasing cares and strife. 

Its bitter cup of tears. 
How envied are the happy few. 
Who youthful sorrows never knew. 

Nor age's llrig'rlug years : 
With spotless purity and worth 
The infant quits this baU of earth. 

Its pleasure and its pain ; 
Wliile foal^corrnption's blackened train 
Or tyrant vices impii^ns reign 

'llic closet^ life oft state. 
With th^r«bbir.^ii4saI^'aDd beating breast, 
And«oul with care and grief opprest, 

I sought liis knely grave; 
Reflecting on his early doom 
His forward youth and rosy bloom, 

IJtiablc all to save : 
Collec linj^ my disordered pace. 
Sow that al«ne I'd reached the place. 

And tomb-stoiic put away, 
Whtn lo! I thought that form divine, 
l.ooked up with countenance benign, 

And spoke or seeh)*d to say : 






4^Wj 



\ 



*rfP M y .1 '^P J^ 






Gkasfl of Hajtz. 7 

<* If doubts and fears thy soul corh>de. 
Quick, leave this dark, tliis drear abode^ 
Be prudent and depart ; 

Let virtue and religion kind 
Enlighten still and cheer thy mind« 

And wisdom rule thy heart. 
Oh seek and let Faith's steady ray 
Illuminate thy dubious way, 

Through life's bewild'ring road j 

The gloom of sin let ffop^ dlspersa 
And through the dark direct thy course 
To Cliarity and good. 

Forego that expectation vain. 
Which mankind often entertain. 
Foolish and mad indeed ; 

Hoping without the sweat and toil 
They'd reap a harvest from the soil 
Who had not sown the seed : 

For he, oh Sadi ! only he 

Can pluck the fruit, who set the tree. 

Nor shall another eat ; 
For him alone the soil shall yield, 
Who ploughed tlte ground and till'd tht 
field. 

Its harvest and its fruit. 

Of my next quotation of a 
Ghaz'i of Hafiz, many of our best 
poets, from Shakespear to Dermo- 
dy's " woodbine's fragrant twine," 
have given us beautiful imitations ; 
but as none of tbem is sufficiently 
apposite, I must nevertheless make 
bold to offer a new one. 









laiU ^y ^j! ^j^j 



Oh balmy sephyr! hast tboti asilstfess? is smooth as musk, and thine rough with 

^mfaerdioit mMtliavevtolen that musk- thorufr ? oh sweet basil ! how canst thot 

«facddingpod! take ewe and make not so sport thy flowing locks, her's arc fresh 

freewithtfayluilKl, what faastthomto'do and glossy, th^ne brown as dust? oh 

with her loiiif iSnglet^s ? Oh roit ! how ^arcissus ! ^ow canst thou intrude upon 

sWttlioij^val her it^eoming checks tier's her thy tipsy-rolling eye, her's is aU 



Account df Croseing ^ Line. 



CJAir, 



8 

spiiglitliiicfs and tbine sick of a qualm ? 
oh cypress ! ia the praseooe of her stately 
(brm, what figure canst thou cut iu the 
garden? oh reason! wert thou exposed 
to the temptation of admiring her, what 
fortitude oouldst thou have to resist pas- 
sion ? oh Hafiz ! thou nilghtest some day 
command an interriew, if thou liast the 
power of remaining desirous. 

1. Ask me no more, where ssephyrs ply, 
Wafting the musk of Tartary ; 
I loos'd the ringlets of my fair, 
And fragrance filled the ambient nir : 

2. Ask me no more, where those stars The phoenix Reason bailds her nest ; 

light, She*d sacrifice a thousand lives 

That downward fall at dead of night ; And In thy bosom, God ! sifrvives ! 

For in tbiue eyes they set, and tliere j ^ . r ^^^^^ Bendmir 

Can s^rklc bright, as in .hdr sphere: i^^S,; ^fiz' S 

3. Ask me no more, if that bright flower ^kl-namah, the most finished of 
Pamta vision s o«an m 4jach bo«rer . ^j his workg, but I must leave it 

to Sadik to do it into verse ; as 
mine will be only humble and U- 



5. Ask me no more, when Julf^'s gone^ 
Where Flora's queen erects her throne. 
For in the nipfrfes of thy breasls 

l*he ro;ie within its petals rests : 

6. Ask me no more, where atoms stray. 
Which in a sun-beam glitt'ring play ; 
From biisjls sweet the skies prepare 
That dust of gold t' adorn thy hair : 

7. Ask not that cypress's graceful state. 
Each breeze displays a livelier gait. 
Till thou into the garden walk 

And ctick't iu earth a withered stalk : 

8. Ask me uo more, if east or west 



Paints vision's organ iu «ach bower; 
Before thy tipsy-rolling eye, 
Skk of a qualm it lives to die: 

4. Ask me no more, if carol's last 
Of nightingales, when June is p<tSt; 
For in thy silver neck aud throat 
They winter, and keep warm their note : 



teral prose. 



Yoursy &c. 

GULCHIK. 






To the EdUor of ike Asiatic Journal. 



8{ft,**-As it mayprobably be the 
fiite of many of your readers m this 
cotmtry to traverse the Atlantic» 
a slight accotmt of the eeremony 
attendant on crossing the Line» 
may not ^ove iminter^ting. I 
transcri))e it; from a Journal as ex- 
perienced by myself and many fel- 
low-pasaengers in an outward 
bound Indiaman a few years since. 

lam, Ac 

Z. 

Whoi «he decreasing degrees of latitude 
ann<mnce the ship's approach to thesqna- 
tor, it is truly ludicrous to remark the 
aatisfactkm with wliish4iU the cfeew, ^hose 
«nly excepted who have not crossed it be- 
fore, prepare tlie paraplierualia used on 
the occasion. Canvass, ropes, and hen- 
coops, are in less than a week transform- 
ed into mask^, wa weed, and thrones, 
and honoured by the appearance of the 
crew ; who by means of paint of diflvreut 
colours, with which they plentlAiliy be- 
smear their bodies, make as far as oue 



can guess, pretty correct representations. 
of the watery deities they are meant to 
persoaate. 

As it was night when we passed this 
inugittsnr line, Neptune only then hailed 
us ; irhicli is to say, that a person, ge- 
nerally the boatswain, habited to repre- 
sent Neptune, pretends to rise from the 
sea, and calling through a trumpet de- 
sires to know what ship it is that darei 
iutnide on his dominions ? The officer of 
the watch immediately through another 
trunqjpet replies, that it is the ship . , ■ 
which having many of his visitors* on 
board, entreats a favourable voyage. The 
answer retumed is, that he wiU visit the 
ship early in te morning. AcGordiiigly> 
be airives in a triuniphal car, supported 
by his attendants, it dra#s up before 
<tbe Gttdd]( door, and having delivered a 
speech to the ladies, signi^ug his wi^ 
that they should beoc^qsed theoperatioa, 
be retires, and taking his station with, his 
-■ ■ ■ ■ I f I I , 

« Qr in. Um tcdmlcal phrue • those vlu are tf 
be UiaiiBd^ 






1817.3 Christianity in^ Britiih India. ^ 9. 

Barber, the ceremony commences. Theie well as you can^ and the handkerchief 

were twelve oiF us oh board to be shaved ; taken ft-om your eyes, ybu are saluted on 

and having a list of our names hb called all sides with tubs of water, by those who 

ns as suitect his pleasure. All those who. have crossed hefore, and who eiijoyirig 

liave not crossed, are compelled to remain' the ftiH are mdstly'stationed on the poop ' 

below, till called for, when conducted by for th« express purpose. This is conti- ^ 

two of his attendants (or as they are nued until you sei26 a tub, and "pelt again'' 

termed cdnstables) with a handkerchief in your own d^ence. THus ends this 

tied across your eyfes', you are led by these absurd, and ridiculous cferemonyi which 

people to his Serene Majesty ; who after without the intervention of the Captain ' 

enquiring from whence you come, for no passenger to India, should he not pre- 

what reasons you are proceeding to India, viously have crossed the Line^ can possi* ' 

and a few other equally trivial qttestions, bly avoid. Gnr Captain chose in this in- 

desires Jiis Barber to do bis duty. Ac- stance to sacrifice the comfort-of his pas- 

cordingly bdng seated on a board placed sengers to complaisance to his crew ; and 

across a large tub full of .water, your chin, although money was offered them to avoid 

and lips are of a sudden . besmeared with it, we were compelled to undei^ the ce- >. 

tar, of which having put <' ^uan^tfm ^t{/'- remony in aillts degradation.f 

Jlef/," he pretends'to shave it off with a ^ , . • ,• ^-.u •. — ' Z TT 

* t . 1.-1.1 ' "f' ^*'^ heard that a passenger recovered m 

piece of an iron hoop, notched as a saw. ♦ the.«in«««e Coart to Calcutta, considerable da. 

Hiis being done, the board on ^hich you ^ mages from a Captain for not protecting lum 

•It id de!tteronsly slipped from under you, *«**"** *" outrage. And i know that som« . 

«_j _ . , . J I. ^^ /:»• 1. •• - .\^^ have been indebted to tlie lone voyage from the 

and you are plunged head- add heels mto ^ ^me to their uHimate detination Uiit ti.ey i,.vf 

the tub,' irom which having emerged as> not be»n caUsd on to give personal satisfaction.. 



To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. 



«.•%■"•» -f 



Sir, — ^In the Asiatic Journal foi: the eminently^ disuiterested and la- 
November, your correspondent, borious Baptist Missionaries. Re- 
who signs himself " Moderation," specting the state of their mission,, 
was plieased to address^ queistibil Lam by no means particularly in- 
to me, or to Mr. Wood, on the sub- formed, but I know that many of 
ject of instructing the native Cfiris-' the natives of Bengal have em- 
fians of India. As h6 answer has braced Christianity through thieir' 
been given to that question, . in meani^, and I am of opinion, that 
your iiumber for' this month, T niuch of the reformation beffun' 
would begleave to oflFer the itifor- among the higher classes of ffiii- 
mation required, as' fdr bs my owtf dobs in Calcutta, ^s appears from 
views, and those of 'mV friends are* tfie cJase of the Brahnistn' Ram Mo* 
concerned^ being very desirous, hun Roy,' whS has'traBtelated and 
that persons, who^ fi&e " Modera- published "die Besolution of all 
tion, disdoveV so niuch interest m' the Vedas," might be traced to the 
tile propagation of Christian trutii' c|isqr«dit brought upon idolatry, 
in that portion of th& globe, should' by- , the circulation of , tracts ajad, 
have every opportuhity* of ascer- portions of our Scr^ures by those, 
taining the real views ancl feelings indefatigable men. . t wish not,, 
with which that important work is however, to eater upon that sub-, 
engaged in. I' regret, that the ject, but beg l^ave.ta state, that 
statement of a too partial friend,' I do consider the natives of India, 
respecting the prpgress of Christi- pro£esttBg Christianity, . " as the 
anity at Agra, should have appear- point to iteer from," in endeavour-* 
^d in the &rm it has, as it tends ing to omnmunicate the blessings 
to throw a shade on the labours of of our religion to the other natives 

Amiic Joum.^^o.l^. VbLillL C ^ 



10 Christiamhf in 

of that country. I think it will be 
found, that any considerable suc- 
cess, which has attended the pub- 
lication of the Gospel in India, has 
been effected by the instrumenta- 
lity of converted natives. All the 
persons who received baptism at 
Agra in 1813-14«, were the fruit of 
the labours of Abdool Museeh, 
who was himself converted, through 
the labours of the late Rev. Henry 
Martyn. But at all events, the 
duty of attending to the religious 
improvement of the native Chris- 
tians is so obvious, that it must 
force itself upon the notice of eve- 
ry Christian minister in India, and 
is expressly enjoined upon the chap- 
lains of the Hon. East India Com- 
pany by the charter. It is well 
known, that the Protestant Mission- 
aries in the south of India have at- 
tended diligently to the improve- 
ment of their converts, and of their 
descendants, and a manifest superio- 
rity is said to be discernible, in the 
Protestant Christians over the other 
classes of natives among whom 
they dwell. A lamentable neglect 
of instruction is but too evident 
among the Roman Catholic con- 
verts on the Malabar coast, as ap- 
pears from the report of the Bom- 
bay Auxiliary Bible Society, and 
also among the converts in that 
class in the north of India, as well 
as among the Indian descendants 
of the Portuguese and other Euro- 
peans in that quarter. With a 
view to the improvement of these, 
the late Rev. H. Martyn preached 
a sermon in the presidency church 
at Calcutta, which sermon was af« 
terwards published, and entitled, 
" The Appeal of 800,000 Native 
Christians;" and soon after, Xi\e 
Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society 
was formed, for the express pur- 
pose of supplying the Scriptures 
to the native Christians of India, 
in their different vernacular lan- 
guages. The Protestant Christi- 
ans m the south of India, having 
been instructed to a considerable 
extent in the uae of letters, prQved 



British India, [[Jak- 

themselves capable, as appears b^ 
the report of the Calcutta Auxili- 
ary Bible Society, of valuing, and 
using to advantage, the gift of Ta- 
mul New Testaments supplied to 
them ; but in order that the native 
Christians in the north of India, as 
well as at Bombay, might profit by 
the Scriptures, it is necessary that 
they should be taught to read. On 
this account, the benevolent insti- 
tution in Calcutta was established 
by the Baptist Missionaries, and 
has received much of its support; 
from members of the estabhshed 
church, who, having no person at 
hand in their own connection to 
conduct a work of that kind, were 
happy to assist in supplying to 
the Baptist Missionaries, the mean» 
of carrying it on. The object of 
the brtievolent institution is, to 
afford education, on the British- 
system, to children of all classes in 
Calcutta, and especially to the 
children of Christian parents. At 
the tjin6 I left Calcutta, there were 
upwards of a hundred children on 
the books of the school, and on the 
day I visited the school, there were 
present upwards of sixty boys, and 
about twelve girls in a separate 
apartment, all descendants of Por- 
tuguese and other Christians. Their 
proficiency in reading and ac- 
counts was very pleasing. At 
Chinsurah also, X had an Opportu- 
nity of visiting a free school, esta- 
blished by the British Resident 
for children of the same descrip- 
tion, and conducted by a pious 
Dutchman, In that school, fifty- 
two native Christian children were 
receiving instruction in reading 
and arithmetic. It forms a promi- 
nent part in the plans of the Church 
Missionary Society, to afford in- 
struction to the native Christians 
of India ; with this view, they have 
directed one episcopally ordained 
Missionary, to put himself under 
the directions of Major Munro, in 
his plans for the improvement of 
the Syrian Christians, and their 
two Missionaries stationed at Ma- 



1817.]] Christianity in 

dras have begun their labours in 
ihe native congregation, which is 
under the superintendence of the 
Rev. Dr. Rottler, one of the Da- 
nish Missionaries. Of about twelve 
hundred children, educated at Ma- 
dras and at Tranquebar, at the ex- 
pense of the Church Missionary 
Society, about two hundred are 
the children of native Christians. 
It should be observed, that divine 
service is celebrated in the Black 
Town chapel, Madras, according 
to the rites of the Church of Eng- 
land ; the Book of Common Prayer 
having been translated into Tamul 
for that purpose. A compendium 
of the Book of Common Prayer, 
translated into the Hindusthani 
language, has also been printed in 
Calcutta at the expense of the 
Church Missionary Society, and I 
am informed, by private letters, is 
much sought after by the native 
Christians, in the north of India. 
I am also authorized in stating, 
that it is intended by the committee 
of the Church Missionary Society, 
to erect, as opportunity may be 
afforded them, places of worship, 
wherever any body of native Chris- 
tians are to be found in India with- 
out the means of instruction. I shall 
only add, that with a view, in the 
first instance, to the improvement 
of the class of pe<^le in question, 
a school has been set on foot in 
Calcutta^ for the education of na- 
tive Christian youths, as school* 
masters. It is intended, that under 
the direction of the proper au- 
thorities, these should hereafter be 
placed as schoolmasters at the dif- 
ferent stations, under European 
superintendance. The number of 
these youths has, from want of 
proper assbtance, been hitherto 
greatly confined. A few are, at 

S resent, under the care of one of 
ie chaplains hear Calcutta, and 
are receiving instruction in Eng- 
li«ho and in the rudiment^ of He- 



BrUisk India, 



11 



brew and Greek, beside the learn- 
ed languages of the country ; and 
their progress is such, as to afford 
an encouraging specimen of what 
may be expected from continued 
exertions of that kind. I might 
mention many instances of the 
good effects produced on the minds 
and conduct of native Christians of 
India, where the usual means of 
instruction have been afforded 
them ; and I would affirm generally 
respecting them, that after due 
allowances for the peculiar temp- 
tations to which they are exposed, 
from the habits of the other classes 
of natives, among whom they dwell, 
a Christian minister will find his 
labours among them not in vain. 
The progress which has already 
been made, in extending the bene- 
fits of Christianity to India, though 
embracing, as yet, but a small 
part of the immense population of 
that region,affords sufficient ground 
to expect, that the same methods, 
prudently and perseveringly per- 
sisted in, will not fail of producing 
corresponding effects. Consider- 
ing, however, how opposed the 
mysteries of revelation are, to the 
prevailing prejudices of the popu- 
lation of India, we shall expect 
little effect from any means which 
may be adopted to bring them to 
a better mind, if we lose sight of 
the peculiar character of the Gos- 
pel, as " the power of God." That 
{>ower which attended its first pub- 
lication, still attends it in all things 
that pertain to sahaiion. The 
promise of the Spirit in his ordi- 
nary (not extraordinary) grace and 
influence, forms the distingudshing 
superiority of Christian truth, and 
will ever distinguish it from the 
theories of men, a« the ptmer ^ 
God. 

I remain, Sir,^ 
Your obedient 
Dec. 7th, humble servant 

1816. Dan^iel Corrie. 



C2 



( 12 ) 



QJAIC- 



A SKETCH OF THE ISLAND OF BORNEO. 

By the late Dr. Leyden. 

(Continued from Fb/. //. page bG3,) 



OF PONTIANA. 

As Pontiana is of more recent origin 
than any other of the Malay states, so it 
is almost the only one in which the rise 
can be accurately traced. The account of 
tlie origin of Pontiana was procured by 
Mr. J, Burn, from the late Sultan, who 
was its founder and his principal associate 
in the course of a residence of several years 
at that place, and communicated lately 
to Mr. Raffles, together with the result of 
his enquiries concerning the interior of 
the island of Borneo. The information 
thus collected has every claim to au- 
thority, and is the morevaluable, because 
it illustrates in a striking manner the 
origin of the other Malay states, the 
greater number of which may be fairly 
considered as counterparts to Pontiana. 

Pontiana was founded in 1770, by Sc- 
yad Abdul Rehman, the son of Seyad 
Hassan, by a woman of inferior rank, 
and born at Mattan. His father, Seyad 
Hassan, was a native of Arabia, highly 
tespected among the Malay Rajas, who 
had married at Mattan. He afterwards 
took up his residence at Mampawa, where 
he died a few months before Pontiana 
was founded. He had several wives, and 
left several children, but none of them 
distinguished themselves but Abdul Reh- 
man. The latter possessing great abili- 
ties, intrepidity, and a most insinuating 
address, soon became an enterpriztng and 
successful merchant, and realized con- 
siderable property. He married a sister 
of the Sultan of Banjar, and also a sister 
of the Raja of Mampawa, but generally 
resided at Banjar Massing. Possessing a 
brig or sloop, and several war proas of his 
own, besides several merchant vessels, he 
applied vigorously to commerce, frequent- 
ing Coti, Passir, Palembang, and other 
Malay ports, bat seldom visiting Java. 
His operations, however, were not en- 
tirely confined to commercial pursuits, 
but when favourable opportunities occur- 
red, he shewed no greater repugnance to 
piracy than is usual among the Arabs. 
He had already cut off a Dutch Vessel in 
the vicinity of Banca, and an EhgUsh one> 



at Passir, and done many things whictfc 
were highly disapproved by the venerable 
Seyad, his father, when ,at last, about 
a year or eighteen months before bis fa- 
ther's death, he succeeded in cutting of 
at Passir a French ship, with a very rich 
cargo, by which he incurred the displeasura 
of his father, who renounced all further 
communication with him. The manner 
in which the ship was cut off, however, 
he deemed so discreditable, that he never 
would relate the story, though he ad- 
mitted the fact, alledging, that previous 
to this transaction, some of his vessels 
had been stopped by the French, and his 
women ill treated, An old woman, who 
had been the Sultan's concubine, and 
who had borne a material part in ths 
transaction, related the following circum-i 
stances to Mr. Bum, after the death of 
the Sultan. After having greatly ingra- 
tiated himself with the French Captain, 
he informed him that he intended to pre- 
sent him with two beautiful slave girls, a$ 
the same time expressing a desire to 8e» 
the ship. The French Captain invited 
him an board, catching at the bait, and 
Seyad Abdul Rehman promised to bring 
the slave girls with him. The Captain 
prepared an entertainment, and saluted 
him as he came on board, which he did, 
with several followers properly instruct- 
ed, but apparently unarmed. He sat 
down with his people, and partook of the 
entertainment, after which he called the 
two women he had brought, one of whom 
was the concubine who related the story. 
Abdul Rehman pointed to the concubine 
and desired the Captain to conduct her to 
bis cabin, the Captain did so, and the 
woman, as she had been instructed, se- 
cured the door. The rest of the French- 
men were all on deck, as well as a num- 
ber of his Malay followers. Abdul Reh- 
man gave the signal with his hand, and 
the whole of them were instantly creesed, 
the lascars at the same time throwing 
themselves into the sea, according to their 
usual practice. The Captain was then 
put to death, and the vessel secured. 
When Abdul Rehman heard of his fathei^ 



1817,3 -^ Sketch of the Island qfSomea. li 

iodlgiiation at his coDduct> he left Passir, diately assumed the title, and establish4tl 
and when he had almost reached Mampa^ a court in a very ezpensive style. His pro- 
wa, he was informed of his death. Re- fusion attracted new followers and he was 
solving now to settle at San go, in the in- joined by various Arabs, who, though 
tenor* of Borneo, he entered the river of they impaired his fortune, yet for the time 
Pontiana or rather Lava, and proceeded increased his consequence. By these 
up it about twelve miles to the conflux of means Pontiana, in the space of a single 
the river of Landak with that of Pon- year, became a considerable settlement, 
tiana, anchoring for the night at the point and attracted the jealousy of the Rajah of 
where the rivers join. In the morning, Landak. The Rajah of Landak was at 
being struck with the situation! of the this time a dependant of the Sultan of 
place, which had never been inhabited, he Bantam, and being alarmed at the reports 
determined to settle in it, and proposing which he heard, that the Sultan of Ponti- 
the plan to his followers, most of them ana intended to block up the river and en- 
acceded to it, but a few objected and left gross its trade, he dispatched an embassy 
him. After repeated discharges of his to Pontiana, to enquire what were his in- 
great guns loaded with shot, into a small tentions. The Sultan of Pontiana, though 
island near the point, Abdul Rehman he professed that his intentions were not 
landed, cut down some trees, displayed of a hostile nature, took care to display 
bis colours, and prayed for success to the his power, and fired off liis great guns re* 
cindertaking. peatedly in their presence. They trans- 

Having erected a small house fDr the mitted to Bantam a very exaggerated ac- 
night, he slept ashore, and named the count of the strength of Pontiana, the 
place Pontiana or rather Pontianak, which consequence of which was, that the Sultaft 
is the name the Malays give to a spectre of Bantam conceiving himself unable to 
of the forests, which appears in the form protect Landak, resigned it to the Dutch, 
of a winged female; this was in the year In 1776 the Dutch sent a strong forcft 
1770. He then built a mosque on the from Batavia to Pontiana to establislb 
Amall island, which still remains, having themselves in their newly acquired pos- 
been renewed on the same spot, and a sessions, and the Sultan of Pontiana, in- 
fort on the point of land, which com- timidated by their power, allowed them 
mands the entrances of the rivers of Sango to settle at Pontiana, where they built a 
and Landak, whither he also brought up stockade fort and mounted on it six guns, 
the French ship. The crew of this vessel They also established a factory, consistr 
he employed as slaves in clearing the ingof a resident, a secretary and his derk^ 
jangle, and his followers built houses a surgeon, a captain with a subaltern, 
along the banks of the river; such was and twenty-five European soldiers. They 
the foundation of Pontiana. As soon as also stationed an armed cutter in the river, 
Abdul Rehman was settled in his new which was likewise manned with Euro- 
residence, he visited Mampawa to pray peans^ so that they had altogether about 
over the tomb of his father, whose for- one hundred Europeans, but no native 
giveness he had never procured, and this soldiers. The Dutch now imposed what 
ceremony he continued to perform at duties they pleased, and allowed the Sul- 
stated periodh until the year of his death, tan but a very small share of them, which 
As the traders to Landak, Sango, and circumstance, together with his profnsf^ 
other settlements in the interior of Bor- manner of living, compelled the Sultan to 
neo, were necessitated to pass by Pon- run deeply in debt. In the year 1786, 
tiana, Seyad Abdul Rdiman daily acquired the Dutch, assisted by .the force of Pon- 
new settlers by his insinuating address, tiana, destroyed Sacadina and Mampawa, 
and the protection which he was ready in the latter of which they placed the Sul- 
to afford the traders against the Lanuns, tan of Pontiana's eldest son, aa Panam- 
and he was joined by several Bugis and bahan, establishing there a factory of their 
Chinese traders from Mampawa, Sambas, own, dependent on that of Pontiana. 
and other Malay ports. He next applied Previous however to the settlement of the 
to BajSi H^Ji of Reaw, who conferred on . Dutch at Pontiana, it was visited by a 
liim the title of Sultan of Pontiana. By French frigate, commanded by the brother 
what right such a title was conferred it is of the French Captain, whom the Sultaa 
lippoMibie to oonjecturei but be inune- had formerly cut off at Passir, and wha 



\ 



) 



14 ^ akAch 9fihe Island of Borneo. Z^^^* 

had been dispttcbed for the express par- to persuade the Resident to return, bat 

\ pose of attacking him, hut as the <ni;ate finding ail remonstrances in vain, he 

1^ coald not pass the har, and durst not send represented the matter to Batavia, when 

} fn her boats to attack the place, she was the Resident was recalled and another 

Me to effisct nothing, and was compelled sent in his place, who returned and took 

( to return after destroying a ifew proas at up his residence at Pontiana. > 

I the ttiouth of the river> which had nerer During the residence of the Dutch at 

( had any concern iti the crime of the Pontiana a good deal of illicit trade had 

^ Sultan. 1^° carried on by the English, with the 

In the year 1790 the Dutch withdrew connivance of the Dutch Resident, the 
their factories from both Pontiana and ^^ip^ anchoring only without the moutll 
Mampawa, aflber a residence of fowteen ®^ ^^ river; hut after the factory was 
years, finding, that though they had im- withdrawn Pontiana became a resort of 
posed what duties they pleased, and given English traders, and was als^o frequented 
the Sultan only what share they liked, ^y t^^ Portuguese from Macao, and the 
their profits were far from compensating ^^^ ^r°™ Muscat and Mocha. It was 
theexpeliseoftheestablishment. Wehave also visited by numerous proas from all 
no detail of the expense and profits of this P**''^ ^^ Borneo, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa 
factory, unless for the year 1779, when and Java. This, however, only continued 
the expense amounted to about 864 pounds till Pulu Penang began to flourish, since 
tfCerlitig, and the receipts only to about which time it had greatly decayed. The 
4<»0 pounds. The residence of the Dutch ^^^^ trade was nearly extfoguished by the 
ait Pontiana was not without occasional war between the Dutch and English, the 
misunderstandings occurring between prohibition of the export of dollars from 
them and the Sultan. One of the most •'^^^y ^nd some unjustifiable acts of the 
serious of these seems to hare originated Sultan in swindling many of the Javanese 
«tttirely from their ignorance of Malay owners out of their cargoes, 
^customs. Soon after the settlement of Snltan Abdul Rehnian died after a 
the ftotory at Pontiana a sJri or prepared ^^^^ illness, February 26, 1808, about 
*6tel was presented by a male slave to the ^^^ «ge of 70 yeai s. When he perceived 
•nrgeon. Among the Malays this is re- himself dangerously ill, he assembled the 
^garded as an overture to an intrigue from chief men, and told them be appointed 
eome female of rank^ but the surgeon was ^is eldest son, the Panambahan of Mam- 
Ignorant of this-costom, and the slave had pswa, to succeed him, and dispatched a 
«etirtd without speaking a word. The Person to luouhon the Panambahan into 
jumon hoUlihg the sin in his baud met his presence. Next day the chiefs assem- 
the Sultan, and related to him the eircnm- l^^d, and declared tliat they desired die 
atance, Expressing his surprize; at what it Pangerang to be Sultan, who was his 
aoM mean. The Sultan requested hhn woond son, but by an inlerior wife, a&d 
to point out the person who had brought that they would abandon the place if the 
it, which be did immediately, and the Panambahan was ta succeed him, accus- 
alave being- seiaed confessed that the siri iiig bim of cruelty and divers acts of mur- 
had been sent by one of the Sultan's con- der and poisoning, especially the poison- 
cahines. The Sultan immediately, with- ing the Master of a Chinese jnnk, to whom 
«mt further explanation, ordered the he was indebted about 8000 dollars, and 
alave's head to be cutoffin the presence of the assassination of Captain Sadler, to 
the sufgeon, and the woman was dis- whom he was iudebted 30,OtK) dollars, 
patehed privately. The Dutch Resident They added that they expected his bad 
and the reaft of the factory took the alarm conduct would speedily place them in the 
•and ^dlaved that they would return to same situation as Sambas, and probaUy 
-Java. The Saltan endeavoured to paoify draw on them the resentment of the Eng- 
them, baa in vahi, ^ud they retired to lish. 

Batii La^aag, a solitary rock, on which The Sultan assented and tk>ld <fb6in 

a fixrt is built, aibout five miles below since they desined it, the Pangeraiiflr 

Poatiaoa. Here they footified themselves would be the Sultan. The PanambaMn 

mad posted the amed cutter, and iiriag arrived next day aad was infoirmMl ^f «Ms 

«pon all proas, attempted to block op ibe resdhition. WtK«n he came htl» Uto ft^ 

fiver. The Mt«a lepeaiedly attdknfied theirs preteace the did taaa semvlr re- 



1W70 



A Sketch of the Island of Borneo^ 



probated his conduct and advised him to 
go in pil'^rtmage to Mecca. The Sultan 
also sent for Mr. Burn, whom he liad 
sometime before swindled out of a valua- 
\)le cargo, and having requested his for- 
givt-ness, desired him to beware of the 
Panamb;ihan, as a man of naturally bad 
heart, and after his death to have no in- 
terviews with him unless in public. On 
the death of the old Saltan, the second 
brother, desirous of not being involved In 
his father's debts, declined the honour of 
being Sultan. The head-men, however, 
were at first refractory, and it was some- 
time before they could be brought to ac- 
knowledge him as Sultan, which he only 
accomplished by dint of presents and pro- 
mises, engaging to discharge his father's 
debts as soon as possible, while he gave 
up many of his own claims, especially 
those wliich were due by the Arabs. 

The d'xeased Sultan was a man of fine 
presence and the most respectable appear- 
ance, possessing the most insinuating ad- 
dress and imposing manners. Profuse 
and ostentatious in his habits, he scrupled 
at no means, however base, for raising 
money to support this exterior state, and 
as be was perfectly versed in every spe- 
cies of deception, and always supported 
the appearance of wealth, he seldom fail- 
ed to procure credit from strangers. He 
concealed bis debts with the utmost carjs, 
and was in the constant habit of contract- 
ing one debt to discharge another, often 
selling goods for that pwpose at a large 
discount on what he had bought them. 
By tliis means his debts and bis difficulties 
went on gradually accumulating to his 
death. Tlie most considerable part of his 
debts were iuc^urred to the Bugis traders, 
and in consequence of this, the Sul- 
tan was obliged to wink at many ir- 
regularities of those traders, in regard 
to avoiding the usual port duti^. The 
Chinese repeatedly made him offers to 
farm the duties of the port, but to this 
be would not consent, foreseeing the 
disputes that were certain of arising 
between the Bugis and Chinese. In the 
midst of these difficulties, however, the 
Arabs and other religious impostors pre- 
vailed on him to a4vance to them 
lajK^e, sums of money, which they ne- 
ver thought of refunding ; thus with all 
his dissimulation, becoming the dupe of 
bypocii^y. {jle s^i^gs always to have dis- 



15 

played more of the character of the artful 
trader than of the Sovereign, though it 
must be owned, that he exhibited consi- 
derable suppleness and dexterity in ruUng- 
the motley mass of subjects whkb he bad 
collected at PontSana. 

In punishment he was unooramonly se^ 
vere and even barbarous. In hfs own fa- 
mily the faults of his domestics, especial- 
ly his women, were punished in the most 
cruel manner, and by the most infamous 
sort of tortures, sometimes pouring boil- 
ing water into the privities of the females, 
or burning them alive with their para- 
mours on the suspicion of incontinence. 

The present Sultan, since the death of 
his father, has conducted himself in such 
a manner as in a great measure to efface 
the former dislike which was entertained 
of him by the people, carefully avoiding 
the most prominent errors of his fathei**s 
character. He has endeavoured to 1iqiii>- 
date his father's debts, but has fonnd 
them so enormous, that a long period 
must elapse before this can possibly be ef^ 
fected. Carefully avoiding all superfluous 
expense and tlie contracting of new debts', 
he has attempted to establish beMer ref- 
lations. He gradually dismissed the 
Arabs and religious impostors, who had 
preyed on his father's credulity, and at- 
tempted likewise to compel the Bugis tra^ 
ders to pay the usual duties. In this 
however, he has never been able to suc- 
ceed, and many of them have left Pontla- 
na, in consequence of his measures, nei- 
ther are the Chinese traders so numerous 
as they formerly were. 

The present Sultan has been engaged in 
no hostilities excepting with Sambas, 
which is still the inveterate enemy of Pon- 
tiana. Shortly after the death of the old 
Sultan of Poutiana, the chief of Sambas 
attacked Mampawa, and had very nearly 
taken the fort. Immediately on receiving 
intelligence of it, the present Sultan pro- 
ceeded to Mampawa with two thousand 
men, and defeated the Sambas army, ta- 
king their guns, and a number of prison- 
ers, all of whom, even the women, were 
put to death at Pontiana, and their heads 
expose*! publicly. Tlie union of the La- 
nuns with the chief of Sambas, has how- 
ever, given that chieftain a decided pre- 
ponderance at sea. 

The mouth of Lewa or Pontiana river 
lies about three or four miles to the N. 



16 A Sketch of the Island of Borneo. [Jan. 

of the equator. The bar at the entrance from Pontiana all their supplies of opiuni, 

has only from eleven to twelve feet at piece goods, iron, and China articles, 

high spring tides^ but above this the river The Bugis at Pontiana chiefly apply them- 

is very deep to an immense distance, and selves to trade, the manufacture of Bugis 

the strength of the current seldom ex- cloth, and the working of raw silk into 

oeeds from three to three and a half miles cloths. Many of them are possessed of 

an hour, and is generally less. The an- very large property, amounting to above 

chorage in the roads is safe and free from 100,000 dollars. They are generally poor 

shoals, and the weather, even in October, when they come from Bugis-land, but 

which is the worst month, is never so bad soon acquire property from uniting fru- 

as to interrupt the regular intercourse be- gality with dexterity in trade. They arc 

tween the ship and the shore. About se- extremely economiod and even penurious 

veu miles from the mouth of the river, at in their manner of living, insomuch thai 

Balu Layang, there is a fort on each side the daily expense of a Bugis-num*s family, 

of the river, with fourteen or fifteen guns however great his property may be, does 

mounted, being eighteen and twenty-four not amount to aliove three or four wangs, 

pounders ; on the north side of the river when the meanest Chinese labourer will 

and on the south side, directly opposite, continue to spend a rupee ; and a wang 

a number of smaller guns. The town of at Pontiana is only the twelfth part of a 

Pontiana is about twelve miles from the rupee. 

mouth of the river, where there is like- The Sultan allows them to cultivate as 
wise a fort, and some armed vessels sta- much ground as they please, without any 
tioned. considertition for the same, but they sel« 
In the town and bounds of Pontiana, dom avail themselves of this permission, 
there are settled about 3000 Malays, permitting their domestic slaves only to 
1000 Bugis, 100 Arabs, and about 10,000 till as much as serves for their own sub- 
Chinese ; besides these, who are the free sistence. In navigation, the Bagis seem 
inhabitants, there are a considerable to have been stationary probably for these 
number of slaves, many of whom are thousand years; the proas in which they 
Javanese, and the rest of all the other sail from Pontiana to Pulu Penang, Java, 
£astern tribes ; there are also a few Bali, or any similar place, generally cost 
runaway Lascars from different vessels, from 150 to 300 dollars, and the whole 
The character of tj^e Malays is nearly outfit, as far as respects sails, cordage, 
the same at Pontiana as in other Eastern provisions, stores, &c. for one of these 
towns; phlegmatic, indolent and proud, voyages, seldom exceeds the sum of 40 or 
and few of them possess much wealth. ^0 dollars, while the amount of the car- 
The Arabs live by trade; they are gene- go is generally from 10 to 40,000 dollars, 
rally poor when they settle but are re- '^^ crews receive no wages, but only a 
spected on account of their religious cha- share of the adventure, according to the 
racter by the Malays. They are, how- regulations of the Undang-undang. Many 
ever, neither such economists as the Bugis, of these proa? are lost at sea, but few 
nor so expert as the Chinese in trade, taken by pirates, as they defend them- 
and at present few of them possess pro- selves desperately, and never surrender, 
perty to the amount of 20,000 dollars. The duties at Pontiana on sales are six 
The Chinese seldom acquire property percent, on all piece-goods, one dollar per 
above this amount at Pontiana, though pecul on iron, ditto on steel, ditto on 
they are industrious and expert in trade, tin, ditto on saltpetre, 50 dollars per 
They are fond of good liring, and addict- chest on opium, bees' wax from the in- 
ed to gambling, opium, and merry mak- terior two dollars per pecul. The trade 
iug. They follow the occupations of mer- of Pontiana, however, has greatly declin- 
chants, mechanics and labourers, culti- cd. Formerly it was annually visited by 
vate the ground, distill arrack, make sugar, from eight to fifteen Chinese junks; at' 
search for gold-dust, and trade to the in- present, however, they never exceed the 
terior as well as along the coast. The number of five. Two or three small junks 
Chinese of Monterano and Salakan, two ^^^ annually from Siam, but the value 
places very near each other, and situated ©^ theur cargoes is only about 7 or 8000* 
a short way to the north of Mampawa, dollars each. 
And who are estimated at 30,000, receive (To he ewcludtd in onr nest J 



1817-3 ( 17 ) 

MEMOIR OF RAJA RUNJEET SINGH, 

TBS P£BS£NT RULER OF THR SIKHS* 

RuNJEET Singh, at an early age, found careless of fatigue ; impatient of miffor« 
biinself at the head of the religion apd go- tune, generally mild, but at ioter>'^]8 cru^ 
venuaent of the Sikhs, a Hindu people aud inhuman. Disgrace was new to him^ 
situate in the Punjab, or country of Five and he revevged it on those who sur- 
Rivers. To a fine and prepossessing rounded him. His impetuosity broke 
figure he unites a countenance remarkably forth in useless imprecations oa the scve- 
animated ;— his eyes are lai;ge aud of jet rity of the se^uson, and on the snowy 
black, his forel^ead high, pose what is mountains, those natural barriers of Kashr 
commonly called Roman, and a mouth mir, the obstacles to his success. At 
small, with an expressive smile. He pos- I^iliore, liis, capital. Raja Ruiyeet Sin^ 
«esaes a richly endowed mind ; is well is k^\d to advantage. Wholly devoid 
versed in the Eastern dialects ^ and speaks, of the tyranny which characterizes many 
with fluency, one or more European Ian- native prii}i|Ces, he happily unites in hijvi- 
guages. His ministers he selects with self the rarely associated (qualities of awe 
discrimination — never permittljag interest and attaclusyent, the love and duty of hi^ 
to gain the ascendant of ability. During subjects. His laws are mild, and equally 
the whole of his reign, war has been his administered. Genius finds in him ^ 
delight. He has, however, little confi- liberal patrop ; and poverty, when upr 
dence in his own subjects, and seems ever sullied by crime, a generous benefac^jr. . 
to place his chief reliance on that hardy At Lahore splendour is without osten- 
race, the mountaioeers of Afg^hanistan. tation-^power devoid of oppression — v^r 
His recent attempt and failure in the lur malice aiud encoQiragement spring from 
Tasion of the valley of Kaslmiir have the throve— gratitude iind admiration 
attached a celebrity to bis character i|; fiom the people. The Punjab bem-s wit- 
could not have otherwise obtaiued. In iiess of its Prince's humanity in village|i 
this instance he was actuated mor^ by re^lt, canals ql^are^, ao^ wells sunk i^ 
avarice than ambition ; more thrpugh lust the sa»dy plains wbiqh border on thelp- 
of spoil, than anxiety to conquer Kashr dus aip^ its branches. 
jnir, hitherto deemed impregnable. His . RunjeetSiugh is ai^iaVIe in private life; 
reason calculated the dangers, his imagir in politics deceitful. ' Generally speakiaf^ 
nation heightened tlje probabilities 0/ spc - t^ie father of his subjects— terrible to bi^ 
cess:~in tiie last he was deceived. He enemies. In his demeanour courteous^ 
relied on the fidelity of his Sirdars, aad. though io conversation somewhat reaerv? 
was misled by their treachery. Rarely ed. His reply to a General Officer, who 
has any native power undeitaken . a war l^ad lately signalized himself in Indian 
with such prospects of success^-nei^er ^bewsnativeint^epidityofsoul: — 'Shou^ 
one in which such ^attsriug hopes were the Bjritiah Gpveniment attack Lahoce,' 
so justly disappointed. In the tennina- said Reinject Siugh^ * jts Kiiig cap di|B 
tion, as on the outset of this disgraceful fighting under its walls, l^t c^n vu^yj^ 
expedition, Runjeet Sipgh eviuped hiipself survive the fall, of his capital.' 



^^^^^^^^^^^ 



A CONCiSE NARRATIVE 

OF THE 

INVASION OF NEPAL BY THE GORKHAS. 

^£ vaUey qf Nepal, situated amidst well as of late by the ambition of the 

the imnienae and almost patliless mouo^ Gorkba, aati the' exhibition of British 

tain groap9 wb|ch rise .southwaisd of the power. The wild spirit of mythology, as 

still more elevated rang&of Himalaya, ap^ if delighted with something congenial in 

pcfioitobaTBbeen.reiidcred.fiimous intbe the bleakiusss and barrenness of nature, 

dKfB of the Poxaaaa, ))y the sublime oc% bus laid the scene of some of her most stu- 

ourrenccfl in the history >of the gods, as pendous legends amidst these dreary soli- 

Ariatic J^m.^>^>tSo. 1$. Vol.HL D 



Narrative of the Invasion of Nepal. 



18 

tudes oi snow, summoning to her aid all 
the terrors and grandeur of the hills. It 
would he a long task to enumerate the 
multiplicity of appearances which the con- 
descending or enraged deities have in this 
ralley or its vicinity, afforded to their 
worshippers. Kailasa Manasarowar, and 
the mysterious Gangutri, with innumer- 
able places of pilgrimage, are here tdl, 
more or less, approximated. The whole 
land is rendered sacred ; every mountain, 
spring, or torrent, bears a name in me- 
morial of some preternatural exploit or 
occurrence. No doubt, amongst many 
others which are presented to us, we may 
recognize an interesting fact of natural 
history, disguised under the mysterious, 
but splendid , garb of allegory. The snows 
of heaven which descend upon the lofty 
summit of Mahadevaka Linga, and melt- 
ing, afford her sacred waters to the 
Ganges, hdve afforded this wild spirit the 
materials for one of her most interesting 
legends, that of the di?soent of Ganga. But 
it was not only as the scene of unintel- 
ligible wonders that Nepal was renowned 
even in those days. If the information 
which Mr. Wilford has produced be cor- 
rect, we learn that the valour of the 
mountaineers was the means of placing 
the celebrated Chandragupta oa the 
throne of the easteni division of India. 

The valley of Nepal, although not above 
200 miles in circuit, at the time of the 



CJaw. 



when the dissentions of the rulers of the 
three petty states afforded the opportuni- 
ty of conquest to the ambition and intrigae 
of the Gorkha. The nobles of Lelit 
Patan, or as by way of eminence it i» 
usually called Patan (the city), had nomi- 
nated for their sovereign Gainprtja-o, a 
man of most extensive influence. He had 
not reigned however many years, when 
for some reason being displeased with his 
conduct, they had removed him from the 
sovereignty, which they conferred on the 
king of Bhatgan, who as rapidly succeeded 
his predecessor in disgrace and dethrone- 
ment. Another king was next called to 
the throne, and apparently in as short a 
time to execution. The aristocracy, for 
such it was which had hitherto swayed at 
their caprice the politics of this impor- 
tant city, were unhappily not so much 
at liberty in the next offer of their 
sceptre. 

Prithwinarayana,the Gorkha Raja, had 
formerly been tributary to Patan in the 
days of Gainprejas : the capital of hit 
original possessions lies immediately west- 
ward of Mount Bansfore, the lofty peak 
of which is seen from Nepal, about fifty 
miles distant. He had long meditated the 
gnbjugation of the petty neighbouring 
states. He had already seized the country 
of the kings of Marecajis, who were his 
relations ; and had prepared a readier ac- 
cess by conciliating or subduing the several 
Gorkha invasion contained the capitals of mountain chiefs, whose rocks and glens 



three independent kingdoms. Catmandu, 
the residence of the most powerful of these 
Rajas, consisted of about 18,000 houses 
with a territory extended over the sur- 
rounding hills to the north as far as 
IMbet, and eastward about twelve days' 
Journey :— he is reported to have main- 
tained 50,000 troops. The kingdom of 
Lelit Patan, although the city contained 
a larger number of houses, was reckoned 
of secondary importance ; it extended 
four days' journey to the borders of Muc- 
wampur. Bhatgan, which lies eastward 
of Lelit Patan, contained about 12,000 
families, and stretched eastward to the 
distance of five or six days' journey, as far 
as the country of the Cirataa, a wild and 
savage hill tribe, of whom at present little 
is known. Favoured by the rugged nature 
of the surrounding country, Ne]ial appears 
to have preserved its religion, language, 
and independence equally unoontamioated 
l^y any foreign admixtures to th« time 



lay interposed between Gorkha and the 
valley, when he was invited to his assist- 
ance against his brother Kings by the 
Prince of Bhatgan. He obeyed the 
summons, commenced hostilities against 
Patan, and as promptly received the sub- 
mission of the nobles. Hfs brother was 
constituted viceroy ; but the Raja still 
continuing to disturb the tranquillity of 
his new territories, the nobles revolted, 
and set up Delmerden Sah the viceroy. 
For several years he waged war against 
his brother, until the opinion of the aris« 
tocracy again changing, be also was de- 
posed from his dignity, and made room 
for a mail of Lelit Patan, poor, but of the 
royal house. The first effort of Prith- 
winarayana against the plain, was thus 
rendered abortive. 

Decisive and energetic in his active 
measures, the king of Gorkha knew also 
how to relax or change them as the oc- 
cssion might require. iUter more fbllr 



1817.3 Ndrratwe of the Invasion of Nepal. 19 

tecuciiig the aUiance of the hill people, occasion, some inhahitants of a neigh- 
he began again to descend into the plain, booring village, having been detected in 
and more openly to evince his intentions, an attempt to smuggle a trifling article 
Cirtipm*, a popalous town reckoning 8000 into the plain, the whole of their fellow . 
honses, about a league from Catmandu, villagers were, without regard to age or 
was the first point which arrested the in- sex, or innocence, or mercy, destroyed 
▼ader's progress. Disappointed of relief with circumstances of the most revolting 
from their sovereign the King of Patan, barbarity. Still however, the king of 
and pressed by the activity of the besieger, Gorkha was disappointed and obliged 
the inhabitants obtained the assistance of again to change his policy. That maxim 
Gainprejas, who, without delay, gave which may justly be styled the last resort 
battle and a complete overthrow to the of tyrants, which has been exhibited with 
Gorkha. A brother of the king was num- so much splendour and effect in the most 
bered among the slain ; and Prithwina- important histories of our species, was 
rayana himself escaped with difficulty into not above the comprehension of this un- 
tbe mountains, by the fidelity and vigour civilized invader. What the sword and 
•f his bearers. Gainprejas, to whom the famine had equally failed to effect, dissen- 
hoDonr of victory was due, was at once tions fomented among the nobles of the 
elected king by the inhabitants of the three kingdoms would appear to have 
rescued city. This spontaneous effusion speedily realized. In the execution of 
of admiring gratitude did not however suf- this design, we cannot but be struck with 
fice to remove the suspicions or the malice the circumstance, that a large body of 
of Gainprejas : — ^when the chief persons Brahmans were the tools employed ; 
of the town waited on him at a confer- secured by the notions of sanctity and in- 
«nce appointed in consequence, they were violability which all ranks of their coun- 
basely seized by his soldiers ; some were trymen attach to the person of a Brahman 
clandestinely put to death, and others these characters were suffered to traverse 
openly disgraced and led about the city in all boundaries and all distinctions ; al- 
an ignominious manner. Revenge for though subjects of the enemy, they found 
their former conduct is conjectured to opportunity to bribe the principal men by 
have deluded the reinstated prince to this liberal promises. When the party of the 
conduct. ' invader was in his estimation sufficiently 
The king of Gorkha, although thus re- strong he advanced a second time to the 
poised with disgrace, could not abandon defences of Cirtipur, correcting at the 
the favourite project of his ambition ; hi- same time a military error which he had 
therto his abilities or his valour had al- committed in the former siege, when he 
ways succeeded, and generally with great exposed his army before an unsubdued 
focility. Wild and unlettered as he might fortress between Catmandu and Patan, 
have been, he had no doubt frequently cities in the possession of the enemy. We 
listened to a common rule of policy which bave previously seen that his disposition 
instructs the young Hindu R^a, that was (naturally) severe and sanguinary ; it 
where the strength of the lion fails, re- was further inflamed at this time to a re- 
coone should be had to the craftiness of morseless rage by the conduct of the be- 
the jackal. The mountain barriers which sieged. After several months blockade, 
affbid such security to the plain, it is very the Gorkha demanded the submission of 
obvious, may be rendered, if the passes the inhabitants, when a letter was re- 
are in the hands of an enemy, the un- turned with abusive and exasperating 
friendly means of cutting oflf aU inter- language, a surer proof of their determi- 
oourse with other states. These we have nation to persevere, than of their courage 
before mentioned were now at the com- or their wisdom. The insUnt of its re- 
mand of the Gorkha; accordingly, a most ception a general storm was ordered, 
rigorous blockade was imposed, with the He was repulsed however by the resolu, 
design of creating a famine ; and with tion of the town's people with consider- 
•ocb dreadful severity were the orders ex- able loss ; his brother was wounded by 
floated, that a little salt or cotton found an arrow, and the siege of Cirtipur was 
on a traveller was sufficient to condemn raised the second time, Prithwiparayana's 
lOm to death on the next tree. On one attention for a season after this evenl 

D 8 



20 NarriUm &f the Invasi&n (^ Nifpid^ t^-^^- 
was ooeupied with one of the f weiity-fonr Gftinprejas, amongst olher enrienroars to 
kings, whose territories lie to the west ; ol)tain succours, had applied to the En^- 
aS soon as matters in that quarter were ae- lish, who had already detached a snlidl 
commodated he riecommeneed the attack party in the direction of Nepal to repress 
dfCirtipur. Sarupatatnahishrother,who some outrages committed against thdr 
had heen wounded in tliO last assault, was subjects by the people of Gorkha. Capt. 
the conductor Of tWs expedition; the Kinloch,itwin be remembered, penetrated 
alege had continued a considerable time as far as Sidll, a strong fort in the hills^ 
when the three kings of Nepal resolved which he captured ; when the news wa9 
to send assistance to the heroic Cirtipu- brought to the Raja, he suddenly marched 
rans. The benefits which might have the whole of the Gorkha army under co- 
been expected from Hate league were how- ver of night from the siege to mieet the 
ever fi'ustrated by tVie treachery of the European intruders who dared to appear is 
nobles, who out of envy to Gainprejas the cause of justice, and their allies ; but 
bad actually joined the enemy and fought die British army was not able to proceed 
agiiinst their eountr^'men in an uusuccess- amongst the hills, and the R^a returned 



M attack made on the Gorkha's posts. 
At the end of about seven months a noble 
Of Lelit Patan, wliohad deserted to the 
Oidrkhas, found means of introducing 
their forces into the town. The strongs 
ho/ldft above the petta still held out ; but 
algfeneral amnesty being promised, the Cir*- 
ttpanms exhausted by a long siege sur- 
rendered. Prithwinarayana was not pre- 
set at this transuctioa, he no sooner 
learned that his gallant enemies were in 
his power, thaii an order was transmitted 
to his commanders to put to death a ne- 
lectibn of the prineipsil inhabitants, and 
to cut off trhe noses and lips of thte re8t> 
i](<bt excepting the infants in arm« ; tlfesse 
he ordered to be carefnily preserved, that 
Be might have the pleasure of ascertain- 
ing exactly, how many sorts there were 
fn Cirtiptir. The name of the unfortv- 
Bate city was chftnged by the brutal con- 
queror to NailMtufpur or the I'own nfcut 
wtet. 

Patan^, the royal resldetoce^i wan ll^e 
next object to engage the attention of the 
Gorkha. He laid sfe^e to it immediately ; 
many severe engagements tom/k place ; itit 



ro the attack of Catmandu, which be 
now considered of more easy ac<}uisitiim 
thata Leiit Patau. 

Gainprejas even in this extremity was 
not to be subdued by force. Tlie Brah- 
man emissaries of the Gorkha are refated 
it this time to have engaged not only the 
nobles, but to have gained the confiden(Je 
of the king himself, so far it is said, as 
to obtain his credit to a plausible s!oi7 
of a cfonspiracy organising in his earnp^ 
against the lil)erty of his foe, who they 
promised should- be delivered in diarge to 
himself. The kmg thus deluded and hti» 
chiefs corrupted, the besieger found it 
no difficult matter to introduce unoppos- 
ed, a sufdideot number xif armed raeo into 
the dty, which ite effected by nig^t, and 
it was with a most diligent use of a feW 
mhiuta, Wan the outcast monarch escap- 
ed to Patan with three hundred of hi* 
best aud most fatrhfol Soidiors. 

The fall of Catrndttdu occurred in 17«e. 
The f^orkha Ra(}a WitlMut Io£M of time 
pushed forwai'd his attempt on PaMii| 
ttte ntattt methdds were sigftin resoited is^ 
to cajofe the nfobles ; he was lAvirti yu hit 



inhabitants. On whoto the flitc of fliOfr promises, so fatrfrom deterforairing ttaslr 



countrymen had a mOst appaltittg dfect, 
being threatened with the additionaH pa- 
ifiiishmeut of losing their right hands, 
were much incliaed to surrender ; their 
spirit however Wtts not yet subdt^ed, attd 
great difficulties remained to itoocess^ 
when an event transpired which foYdbly 
characterizes the activity of PrfthwinsfiKy- 
ana's mind, wlio seized with decision an 
Opportunity which enabled him to iretife 
£x)m a disadvantageous advance without 
apparent disgrace, and at the sanie tfme 
tiijosfer to eflhrts to a we&lket^ pofpt. 



possessions he would eteu augment tliem i 
his domtestic priest, in his msasver's nailie» 
W«8 cothmSssfoHed -to enga^ hlol «bd» 
the mont awfiil impi'ecirtions to Kbe Ml- 
ftlffleflt'of hHr ppoiesfatlens. Oainpvc^ 
ai^d the king ifi l^sftaxk peydfefred th^ 
spr«adint; cormfitfota, and wMhdrew «« 
Bfaatgan, For tkMne ittoitfths alter hla 
admission, the "OorMia adhered to ki» «ii^ 
gagemeti^s, treatefl Khe chiefs with'maiiE*- 
ed attention'; ^ven a vicelfoy frodi 4|«ir 
Own nuAber was to be granted ; bui «a 
the ^y ofldt fohnal tMff he iaceead«A 



181?«]] EMOvtOions and Sotdpti 

in flecortttg the pernotis of the whole 
setnhly which was tofitcted at the river 
(ride to receive him 5 their sons were al- 
ready &t his cotrt as companions to his 
son, snd an indtvidttal of each bouse was 
in durance at Navacat ; the conqueror 
then made a sorl of triumphal entry, and 
proceeded in procession amidst bis troops 
to the principal temple, and <o tal^e pos- 
session of the myal palace. It was not 
to be supposed tliat the uncultivated sol- 
diers of tlie hills could be restrained on 
sMich an occaMoB ; certain it is that the 
houses :tnd tiropeity of tlie nobles were 
visited with the afflictions which they in- 
contestably believed were merited. The 
consternation was excessive, but cruelty 
and perfidy could not stop here ; men na- 
turally hate those whom they have wrong- 
ed. The tyrant ordered atl the unhappy 
nobles to execution, his will was put 
into effect by characters who feondapiea- 
fiure in the torments of their mangled 
victims. 

The torrest of iavasioft'had now nearly 
reached its greatest height. Bhai«aa, 
lying to the east of the two other royal 
dties^ had as yet been protected fnom its 
effects. Had there been any principles of 



in the Island ^Ekphasda^ SI 

mere elevated character among the noUen 
and the peof^, the Oorkha po#er miglit 
not have been safficient even at this peri-^ 
od to overthrow it : Irat the same arts 
had only to ccmtend with similar venidky^ 
and of course had the same resalt. It 
was conquered in the eariy part of 17€9* 
Gainprejas, it may be proper to notice, m 
his last extremity sallied and rotfaing in 
despair towards the palanquin of the ty- 
rant received a won&d whidi in a few days 
terminated his life. The icing of LeUt 
Patau died in confiuement. The king of 
Bhatgan retired to end his days as a tie-* 
votee at the holy Kaai. 

Thns in the space of four years wastha 
conquest of Nepal achieved ; that of the 
country of th^ Ciratas followed. I^bwi'^ 
narayaaa still extended his domination ; at 
the time of his death it stretched as £ur 
as Cooch Babar, a district of Bengal* fie* 
was succeeded by his eldest son Pratapa 
Sit^Uba, who held the govenimeDt ^ two 
year», and was succeeded by his eldest 
brother Bahadar Sah. Different ptvtea- 
sions to the govermnent wem now nade, 
and thepoiitics of Nepal ware thrown inn^ 
the gAatest coafuaion. 



OBSERVATIONS 

ON Tn£ 



EXCAVATIONS AND SCULPTtTRES IN THE ISLAND OF 

ELEPHANTA. 

(Extracted frwn the 3fS. Journal of fF, Pjfhe, kept in the pear \7\2.) 



I RAD been liere many days constanftly 
c^loyed in clearing the ship, so that I 
liad no time fbr<d!versien of any kind, but 
at length made a holiday to see a femous 
pagoda on tbfe island of Elep/haofta ; itry 
curiosity was occasioned by having beard 
much of the stupehdous works on the 
hiland of Salset, and that this pagoda 
Ota filephanta was someWhat of fhat na- 
turfe. The Kttle time 1 had to stay here 
mtt permitting me to go to see -fhe won- 
dctfirl pagodas on SaAsct, 1 rcsdlved to 
take td m>*se»1^ one day «t least, in order 
to Vtew something whldi mi^t g?ve me 
an idea of the rest; Wber^ore, in tny 
own long boat, ^vith Captafn Baker hi bia 
phuiace, accompanied by Captain Mack- 
iaiotb, Mr. Craddock, purser of .the 
Lichfidd, my dodBfHr> asd,two gentlemen 



of Bombay Castle, attended by tvrea^- 
fotcr lascars and sailors cariying two day* 
pYovlstoos, I set otf early for filephaDta, 
and ilk two hours' time arrived at a pHace 
of the Company's called Butcher's fsfand, 
a low but fntftftrt land, where the "Com- 
pany fOrmeriy kept theh- cattle- for t!he 
factory, btrt now so dften irtundered by 
Caun Anjee Angria, llhatthey are aoTonger 
rentm^d on it. We weirt there for shocM- 
\ng, but finding no game proceeded di- 
rectly for Elephaota, and came there in 
two hom^. We coasted ateng aftiore, 
which was lined with sunken rocks, tiB 
we came to a bay on the S. E. side, -Where 
we saw on a small hill, a sea-mark, wMdi 
I Suppose gave name to this idand. It 
Wmg an elephant with a young one stand- 
tfiig on its badk. Leaving six hands in the 



S2 ExcafkxHons and Sculjiiures in the Island ofElephanta. [[jAir«f 

boats yre landed, and ascended a hill to a troable which I had now was because the 
$mall rainated castle that overlooks the little time I had to stay was not sufficient 
bay. Just on the brow of the hill we set to take a tolerable account of what I saw ^ 
up a tent, and fenced it well about with however we fell to work, and with mark- 
stones and pricking briars, so that we ed lines measured every part, both length 
could not be attacked on a sudden any and breadth, throughout, and found it ta 
other way than by the slope of the hill, be one hundred and four feet wide, and 
which we defended by our fire-arms : for one hundred and four feet long, and would 
the famous pirate of these parts, Caun have been a square but for some small 
Anjee Angria, very often lands here, and apartments (or vestries) left at each cor- 
carries away all the cattle, and sometimes ner. 

the people too. Then, having placed cen- In this temple there are no windows^ 

tinels, we went to take a more exact nor other light than what comes in from 

survey of our sea-mark, the elephant, the three great entrances on the north, 

which stood on a small hill by himself, a the south, and the western sides, which 

little below our quarters: our way to it was makes the middle and the eastern side 

now a little overgrown with briars ; the dark ; so much so that we were obliged 

rock itself seems to have received injuries to light candles^ or should not have oh- 

by time, it being cracked, and also in some tained so perfect a survey : it appeared 

places dawed by the weather, which, in that the temple consists of seven alleys 

the season of the westerly monsoons, is (aisles) all alike, and the entrances alike> 

very violent in these parts. But who cut which I will describe presently. Now 

this rock into the sliape of au elephant is this mountain was a vast rock, and by 

not now to be known npon the strictest the industry of man it had been cut and 

enquiry. hollowed away with so much art, that it 

Having taken a survey of this, we set became a temple, and for the pillars and 

out the next morning for the great Pa- necessary ornaments of the church they 

goda. In our way thither I took notice of left supports of the same solid rock, not 

a vei7 small and mean village, and the cutaway, but carved in the likeness of 

cottagers told us, that last night they lay pillars, so digging out this spacious place, 

there in their houses, they not being consecrated to their deity. 

aAraid of Caun Angria, because of us At the east end, in the chief or middle 

English, who were so well prepai-ed with niche stood the image of a queen, eighteen 

fire-arms that they feared no danger. As feet high from the waist to the top of the 

we passed towards the great pagoda, in crown ; she shewed three faces and four 

a smooth narrow road cut out of the hands, all curiously carved and loaded 

rock, where the ground would not natu- with ornaments, 

rally allow of an even passage, I took in the middle of the south part of this 

notice of another rock, cut into the shape temple stood a lesser temple, carved also 

of a horse, which has obtained the name oat of the same rock, as if built like 

of Alexander's horse, I know not for a wall. It was four-square and had a 

what reason. We pursued this road till doorway in every side, each corner was a 

we arrived at the end of the island, where, pillar, and on every side of each doorway 

about one third up the mountain, we stood an image of a gigantic size, armed 

found the path and entrance to the Pa- at all points as if to defend the place, 

goda J the road we went was narrow. When you enter this place you find all 

but very pleasant, yielding various de- plain within, no manner of resemblance 

lightful prospects. In an easy ascent or carved work to be seen; but in the 

round the mount^n at length we came to middle thereof a square low altar, on 

our journey's end, and the reward of all which was placed a large polished stone 

our trouble; for when we entered and of cylindrical form standing on its basis, 

beheld the Pagoda, we found it so noble, but the top or upper end was covered. 

80 spacious, and magnificent, that it abun- The Gentoos call this the stone of Mahar 

dantly exceeded what I expected to find; deva*, a name they give to the original 

for though I had heard wonderfiil ac- of all things; and this hieroglyphic of 

counts of these stupendous works, yet the 

half of the curious and remarkable things 

I aaw had never been told me. Tbechief •TheLlngtm. 



1817.]] Excatoations and Sctdpturez in the Island ofEtephanta. SS 

God is intended to shew that it is heyond body of a man with the head of an de- 

the limited comprehension of man, to phant. 

feign to himself any jast idea of him who There is neither writing nor character 
made the world ; for, they say, that no to discover what people it belonged to, nor 
man can behold the great God and live, any distinct dress, for the different habiti 
which is the reason that he cannot be fo all the Indian people appear in on« 
represented in his proper shape. I en- figure or other, and no man that I have 
quired into the reason of their placing yet met with can tell who were the proper 
such a stone there, and in that awful and inhabitants of this place, or who built 
solemn manner ; they answered, that this this temple ; but I have been informed, 
■tone is dedicated to the honour of Maha- that the great fane,- or pagoda, on Salset, 
deva, ^ho created the universe, and his is vastly superior to this in all respects, 
name is placed under it, and therefore and that Captain Baker has taken a great 
that the stone which defends the name of deal of pains to describe it. 
the great and inconceirable God from all Ramajee Comajee, the Company's bro-* 
fwlhition, is itself a holy memorial and ker on Bombay, tells me there are several 
monument of what cannot be described, very fine temples of this nature, fkr ex- 
hut is not itself a God ; yet, being thus ceeding these, up in the country ; but 
placed, though a stone, no profane or wherever the Moors come they destroy 
polluted person ought to touch it. them, because of the imagery, and the 

The ceiling or roof of this temple is flat. Portuguese for the idolatry, so that most 
Above is only a representation of beams of them are now falling to decay; yet 1 
cut in the stone, and lying abng from take this sort of building to be much more 
pillar to pillar. The pillars and pilas- durable than any of the European boild- 
ters are of grotesque shapes ; there are ings whatever ; for it seems to me that 
fifty-two, which is ten more than Dr. nothing but an earthquake could entirely 
Fryer gives account of in his description destroy it ; it must therefore endure tiU 
of tliis place. All the £ast side, and the nature itself decay, when this and all 
N.E. S.E. and S. W. corners are full of things else must end. When this was 
curious imagery of meu, women, and begun, though I am far from knowing, 
beasts, and sometimes a comi)osition of I yet take the liberty to make some con- 
both. For example the effigies of great jectures. 

persons compelling their subjects to obe- If we look back to the creation of tht 

dience, others executing justice, others, world, we shall find that men did first 

as we conceived by the aspect of their offer sacrifices in the fields ; afterwards 

hcea, shewing mildness and giving friendly (hey rolled huge stones to the place where 

admonitions, and some shewing their feats they worshipped, as a memorial that the 

of war. place was hallowed. Succeeding ages 

I no w return to give some more particu- erected altai'S somewhat more methodi- 

lar account of the imagery within the cally, and fixed them in* groves, and on 

temple. In the S. E. gate were carved out the goodliest and pleasantest parts of the 

all the solemnities of the marriage of a mountains, some in grottos and darker 

Gentoo prince or raja, as we guessed recesses and solitudes ; as the Chinese, 

him to be by a particular sort of line or though they have many temples, conse- 

cord he wore about him, that none others crate to their gods places on the tops of 

are allowed to wear ; opposite to this is hills, in caves, in grottos, and on rocks, 

the figure of a king sitting on his throne, in groves, &c. : but later times increas- 

with divers attendants, and on each side ing in experience and wisdom, men arriv- 

a wonuin in a pleading posture, with an ed at the perfection of building noble and 

armed man holding a child by the leg in regular structures, and all for the purpose 

one hand, and in the other a sword, as if of paying religious duties and homage to 

going to divide it, and this because of the the deity they adored, 

likeness to the story we called the history The ancient Egyptians appear first to 

of Solomon's justice. There were divers have excelled in the curious art of archi- 

otherrepresentationjt of which we learned tecture, and have many great monu- 

Bot the stories. There were some with mental pyramids yet standing, shewing 

^ hands, almost all bearing weapons, their ancient industry and ingenuity. 

mA having habiu of defence ; one had the Soiomoo^ in ])is temple at Jero^alem^ im- 



9i Eiccavatiims and Sadptur^ in the hinnd ofEIephanta^ iI<F^^? 



pfoveil tiM style of building, but he was 
inspired by the Fountain of H^isdom htm- 
M|f, a«4 might well exceed those who 
had gpne before bin. This work I con- 
•civde to be much later than any of those 
timesy though it seems to have copied 
somewhat from eadi of those different 
styles of bttikling ; ibr aUlihe pillars here 
are nearly of suc^ (brms as I bare seen 



that coanrty published In Italian at Rome, 
And Ludolplius in his history before-men- 
tioned, page 391, says that formerly ar* 
chiteetore as it was *' in request so it w$ui 
an art well known ampngst them, as is 
erfdeot by the ruins of the dty Axuma, 
and the structures of magniflceat temples 
cut out of the liriug stone rocks ; but the 
imperial seat being removed, those build- 



described in old draughts fiwr the pillars of lags grew out of date, their kings cfaoos- 
Solomon'a temple, only these, as they are * iag rather to «bid« in tents or parilions, 
supposed to support a greater weight, are bemg becawse oi their wara accustooMtf 
made lower ; neicber are they like to a»y to iiamps.'* 

of theTuscan Gred« orRo»««rf««: ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ ^^^ g j^ ^„^, 
iMth^Umtk .t«lf, bemg oolr » large „«» were the buHdersofsuch like temples. 



grotto, has a close affinity to the Egyptian 
method; as for instance, the twelve 
chambers at the four comers. Hiis, 
indeed, being the natural rock, is more 
capable of being capacious than the pyra- 
siids which needed many thick walls to 
support the top. 

The earliest aooeiiBt of such temples 1 
have met with in history, is that men- 
tioned by Job Lttdolpbus, in bis history of 
Ethiopia, now puhli^bed in En^sh ; where- 
in (page 170) he gires an account of Ne- 
gus Lalibaia, who iu^the beginning of the 
thirteenth century, when lie came to rule 



and also that before the days of Lalibaia, 
that is about five hundred years ago, this 
astonishing kind of workmanship had not 
been heard of in Ethiopia, wfaei-efore I 
estimate this not to be older, perhaps of 
lesser date, for this temple was never 
quite finished ; for by some figures which 
are but half carved, it would appear that 
their work was suddenly broken off. It 
seems to me probable, that when Tamer- 
lane the Great, who was a MuhammadaOy 
(from whom the present Mogul is the 
twelfth in descent) had conquered India, 



^, , . . -^,. . - the worship of imagery was entirely over- 

the kn^ms of Ethwpia. Mat for art.»« ,^^ J ^^^ ^^^^ „f ^^^ e,„j„, j,i,,„ 

out of Egyp^, aud ^ a wonderitel man. ^^ j,,, ;„j „f ,,„ kingdom, and by the 

ner of building unheard of ull that day. ^^^ ^^ „^j ^^ ^rf, ,,„,ea ,„ those 

hedHl iM «e»e»t •tone, wd brick* toge- ,^'^ Portingals that came into In- 



ther with lime and loam« nor compact 
the roof with rafters, but hollowed out 
whole solid rocks, leaving pillars ipr or»> 
narnent where requisite, the arches and 
the walls being throughout all of the sane 
one atone, .of which the Ethiopian poet 
suigeth thus : — 

Toiraighly Lalibaia peace, 
Who stately structures reared ; - 

And to adorn the pompous piles. 
For no expenses spued. 

By Tast expense and toilsome pains. 

The Tocb a church became. 
The roof, the floor, and squared sides, 
• 'All one eontifraed frame. 

No stones in blended mortar laid. 

The solid parts divide ; 
Nature has carved all without. 
Within the workman's pride. 
' Alvarez gives an account of ten temples 
all formed after this wonderful manner in 
Ethiopia, which were twenty-fi)ur years 



dia under Vasco in the year 1497, about 
two hundred and sixteen years ago (1712}, 
might drive them there, as is easy to do 
to a people that dare nut kill even a beast 
in their own defence.. The Banians say, 
that all the people who did live in these 
islands are gone into the Raja's countries 
where they are defended in the exercise 
of their religion. 

The famous Linschoten in his East [n«> 
dia Voyages mentions this pagoda, which 
in his time was esteemed the high and 
chief temple. Page 81, he ^ays, that the 
true name of this island is Pory, but call- 
ed by the Portuguese jElephaptii. He com- 
mends greatly the workmanship exhibit- 
ed there, which he says was thought to 
be the performance of the Chinese, when 
they used to traffic in the countiy. When 
the Portuguese settled in Malacca, theg^ 
prohibited the China vessels from iia^iD^ 
further ; and about the same tiQA^- ^^^T 



finishing j. he saw them all, and gives fk took possession of these istods^ .1 must 
draughtof theminpicture^lnhis histoiyof acknowledge that a gre»t 4>QFM'QP /^ x^l'^ 



1^170 BreawdidnB and Sculptutef iA the Island of Elephanta. 2f 

w«rk has a Chinese appearance as the ment was in the inside of any Of the tern* 

open porticos, tanks, cornices, heams, &c. pies. But on their holidays Ramajee says 

The middle figore also in the east side is they used rich perfumes, incense, and th« 

like one of the China idols called Quoni- finest flowers to make a sweet smelling 

€ng PoQSsa, for a Chinese would have al* savour, and humed lights within them ; 

tered the form of his idol for one more the rest I did not learn, for he said tha( 

in vogue and fashion in the country where if he told me of the ceremonies I could 

be happened to reside. For instance, in a not understand them, 

great pagoda at the city of Chusan, I In the same mountain at hoth the north 

have seen Quonieng Ponssa sitting on an and south entvances are other pagoda|i' 

ass with a child in her arms after the man- all full of imagery. Each temple has ^ 

^er we paint the blessed Virgin's flight squaretankofspringwater, near or with- 

into Egypt, and I have been told by a Chi- in it,, to purify those who entered*; yet 

nese, ignorant of the difference.between an now the temple is in no lack of pollution, 

idolatrous and Protestant Christian, that for the Portuguese who live there, fodder 

they worshipped the same gods as we do, the cattle therein to defend them during 

•nd that she we called La Santa Viigem the rainy season from the violence of th9 

iras Quonieng Poussa. monsoons ; they have also broken many of 

As for the opinion of some that these the images, and lately one of their Fidal- 

mighty works were executed by AleXan- gos to divert himself with the echo whiclli 

der the Great, it is very improbable, for is here most admirable, brought a great 

neither the Greeks nor the Persians, whose gun and fired several shot into it, which 

manners he most afiected, built after this has broken some of the pillars, though 

sianner, nor did he stay in India long the whole fabric seems to be as durably 

«noagh to perfisrm such stupendous works; as ever. 

besides we do not find that he came into We shot some doves with our smalf. 

this part of India, and could have but guns, for there are many which hatch 

Bmall reason to send his army from the among the carved work, and we killed 

main to perform such labdurs on the small one snake which we found in the middlf 

Islands of this coast; and to conclude, of the floor. 

none of the Grecian historians mention Some of our company whilst we viewed 

•uch works to have been performed by the inside, surveyed the top of the moun- 

hlm, whilst they are partkular as to the ta»n, and found that every part yielded a 

remarkable passages of his life. But sup- curious prospect, being situated in the 

posing heinulc this, who built the rest ? most delightful part of all these islands, 

and how came their history to be lost ? The water here is excellent, and the land 

The Brahmans on the spot assert that fniitful, and in our opinion the place is 

there are holy men in the Raja's country healthy, there being no swamps but th« 

who can give account of all these things, greatest part of the island hilly land, 

and that they are recorded in their they have the benefit of every breeze of 

Sanskrit books which they -will not teach wind. Beside these three pagodas, I am 

the Christians. The Gentu lUgas claim all informed there is another at about ha}f a 

these countries, looking upon Moguls and ^^^^ distance, but we had not time to go 

Europeans as intruders. ihither. 

I proceed now to describe their holiest All the pillars and pilasters that are th« 

place, the altar of Mahadeva, on which seeming support of the great temple, ara 

no offerings were to be made, but the de- ^n total height seventeen feet, on which 

Tout expressions of clean and unpolluted beams are represented lying across, thus 

hearts. In three chapels or smaller tern- raising the ceiling or flat.roof higlier ; and 

pies dedicated to Mahadeva the Great, or among all the ancient buildings which I 

High God, stood three altars exactly si- have seen in England or France, I have 

milar, except in size, consisting of a cylin- remembrance of none such. We then fell, 

dricalstone rising from a square pediment; to measuring the two lesser pagodas at 

one was in a tank of water about eight the north and south sides of this great 

Inches deep, to prevent any thing unclean one. That on the north side is fifty-eight 

coming near to It, and no other kind of feet long in front, having four such, 

MoeftA work or other manner of oma- columns, and twenty-four feet wide ; at 

Asiatic Joum.^'So. IS. Vol.IIL £ 



ap:- CuHure f^ihe WMe Pc^pfy und Pr}6pajratim ^ Opium. C^XMj: 
\pi southern side stood a chapel full of site to this is another temple pS the same 



fine imagery ; and concerning one of those 
figures, a man's hody with an elephant's 
head, they tell this iable, that a cruel and 
tyrannical n^a (for all the deities. they 
feign to have been so at first) had a son 
in whom, the people delighted, for the 
mildness of his temper and other virtues ; 
hat one Aa^ as this son was asleep he cut 
oif his bead, and threw it into the sea» 
when a great prophet coming by denounc- 
ed great calamities and afflicti<»s on the 
bloodthirsty monarch for taking away the 
life of one born to be a god and immortal. 
The mother pf the young prince ]Mrayed him . 
to restore her son's life, who ordered that 
they should cut off the head of some noble 
fieast and place it on the young king's 
shoulders, when there happened to be no 
noble creature near but a youiM^ ele- 



size, without images ; a spring has filled 
it with water, and in the miiiaie is a 
temple of Mahadera^ twenty-four feet, 
square, encircled by an island .about niae 
feet wide; in front of the entrance i« an 
armed woman with sU hands, whoie title 
we know not. On the south of the great 
temple a|sois a large tank, then a fiagoda 
similar to the hist, but not above tea feet 
high ; the colonnade is fifty feet king, with 
a chapel of Mahadeva, and a dark room 
twenty-seven feet square, each with n 
naked figure of a woman with -six haiidb^ 
and in each^ a difibrent weapon. The 
principal figure in the middle of the east 
side (the Trimurti) is set out with much 
carved work, and is Tery large, BMasm^ 
ing fiiomtbe to^of tbecro^n tathe waist 
eighteen feet. Having thus taken a view 



phant; they applied its head, when the of this great pagoda we left it, aad, hav. 
graft succeeded. The young prince lived ing refreshed onrs^ves at the tent, em- 
and became very famous, governing the bikrked In our boats aiid steered for Bam- 



kingdom of his cruel father; when he 
grew up he married : his wife hoie a 
white elephant, of whkh they tell miracu- 
lous things. The imagery of this jdaea 
^ms not so antique as the rest. Oppo- 



bay, where we arrived that night, after 
spending twoilays with an indastry stboaa 
trifles, which if I had rightly appliad «» 
lb« art of getting moneys wottM bara 
teaded to a bett«' pii||Nisei» 



DESCRIPtlON 



OFTHfe 



CULTURE OP THE WHITE POPPY Al^D PREPARATION OF OnUM, 
AS PRApTISEO Ilf THE PROVINCE OP l^AHAR, 



The soil of Bahar consists of clay, and 
afarge proport!oii of crystalline and cal- 
careous sands ; in many places white mica 
abounds, in others calcareous grits, which 
the natives burn into lime ; on the sur- 
fiiee, natron, nitrous aud alimentary salts 
frequently vegetate, and a selenitic salt is 
oVten found. The earthly of a pale colcNir, 
readily diffhsing ia the mouth.* It effer- 
vesces violeirtly, with nitrous add, which 
gfji^Vlj dissolves the calcareous particles. 

The tiM beidg well prepared by the 
|Aough and harrow, and reduced to an 
exactly level sup^rfides, is- divided into 
quadrangular areas, seven feet long and 
five broad, with intervals of two ffeet, 
whicli are nUsed fiveor six inches, and 
excavated so as to ftwm aqui^ducts for con- 
Tttyiirg water to etidh areh, for wWdi pm-- 
fose U well is jirovided ia every ^d,' 



The seeds are sown in October and No- 
vember ; the plants are allowed to grow 
six or teii inches from each other, andar* 
plentifully supplied with water. 

When the young plants are six or eight 
inches high, they are vnitered more spar- 
ingly ; but the cultivator strews over the 
areas a nntritient compost of ashes, cow«> 
dung, and a large portion of nitrous earth 
Scraped from the highways and old mud 
walls. 

When the plants are near flowerings 
they are watered profusely to increase the 
quantity of juice. When the capsules are 
half grown, no more water is given, and 
they begin to collect the opium. 

At sunset two longitudinal double in- 
cisions* are made upon each half npe cap- 
. . — ~. — ' • - 

* The instrument with which thif operation it: 
sActca, coasitu timply of two ^hio plates of ftstlly 



IS170 Hiamf of the Portuguese Landing in Iniik. 4W 

iiule, passing upwards, care being taken sold at from two to sU Spanish dollars 

liot to penetrate the internal cavity of the per pound. 

capsule, "Hie Incisions a*e repeated every The good and had uses of opium ar© 

evening jintH each capsulehas received six well known and described ia European 

or eight wounds ; they are then allowed books. The natives apply it to nearly (ha 

to ripen their seeds. The ripe capsuies same purposes, only making a boWei- us© 



•flfbrd little or uo juice. Were the wound 
made in the heat of the day, a dcatrix 
would be too soon formed; whilst the 
flight dews, by their moisture, favour the 
extillatiott of the juice. Early in the 
morning old women, boys, and girlsj col- 
lect the juice by scraping it off the wounds 
wilfa a small iron scoop, and deposit H in 
'«H earthen pot, where it is worked by the 
'band in the open sunshineutttilit becomes 



of it. They take it as a cordial intemaliyi 
by which they are agreeably inebriated at 
a small expencc. It is supposed la giv« 
vigour and courage, and is token pvevioiiSA 
]y to all daring and arduous attempts ; 
but by too frequent use it emaciates th« 
person, and a languid stupefiiction ap* 
pears in the ooubteuance. 

In the late famine of 1770, it was pot- 
chased by the unhappy sufferers at ezorbi- 



of considerable spissitude. It is then form- tant prices, to allay thecraviags of hunger. 



«d into globular cakes- of four pounds 
weight, and placed in little earthen basins 
to be exsicated t the cakes are covered over 
' with poppy or tobacco leaves, and dried 
until fit for sale. Opium is frequently 
adulterated with cow-dungf , and the ex- 
tract of the poppy plant obtained by hott- 
ing, aod by various other substonoes^ 
which are kept secret. 

The seeds are sold in the markets, and 
are reckoned ddiciouis earing. They are 
wed in emulsions, and enter into the cool- 
ing prescriptwns of the Hindustani phy- 
sldans; Opium is here a considerable 
branch of trade. About 600,^0 pounds 
weight are annually export^ from the 
Ganges, most of which goes to China and 
•the Eastern Islands, where it is usually 



and to banish the dreadful prospect of 
death. 

Opium is beat up with a few cooling 
seeds in form of a cataplasm, spread upon, 
a leaf of the ricinus, and applied to tumi- 
fied glands, particularly to discuss ayphlKn 
tic swellings, for which purpose it is not 
inferior to any European prescription. 

.The Chinese smoke opium with their 
tobacco as the greatest delicacy. Aftej: 
the ceremony of salutation, it is the first 
compliment paid to a stranger or visitor. 
The Malays both smoke and chew opium 
to excess. 

I have onaitted the description of th^ 
plaat,^ it is to be found in every botani* 
cal writer. It is the Papavcr Somuifer- 
um of Linnaeus. It grows in Britain 



akaut an inch and a h«tf long, and one third of an ] without carc to be a much Statelier plant 



'Inch bvuad, which are placed parallci, and bound 
to cadi •ther with a throad, tlie points heiog.Iwpt 
•eparate by one torn pf the ligature, «ach piece 
lunritig two »harpened poiqts j four separate lines 

"are marked on tlie plant. A thread noose is 

' placed OD 4he .fereftoger. 

t jSometiflMs to lo great an amount, that it may 
be doubted whether the consumer eat more of the 
adulteration than of the drug ; a circumstance 
which shewa the necessity which exisied.rkr the 

. €k>mpaoy *a taking tbe tndu pf this vticl^ ,ioto 
jJieir «wp baudf. 



than io this country with the utmost ai;t, 
Opium ^ay probably be produced in Bri- 
tain or Ameiica, upou grounds of little 
value, and give employment to the aged 
and y^tuiig »rho are unfit for laborious 
work. One acyeyield* here sixty pounds 
of opium, which, valued ^t only nine 
shillings per pound, gives tweuty-»eve« 
pounda per acre p»9cUi<^c* 



IJVANSLATIOr* 

' OFA • 

fUSXOK^ OF THE PORTUGUESE LANDING iN INDIA, 

fFrit^isn on leaves ^ the ^rab Tree, or Oia, in the MaMar Language. 
.(The ori^nal was oblaiiied from the Vencaticota Raja who is of the Tamuri family.) 

When tfieEawcror Perupial was about country of Malabar in shares to the dif. 
* to depart &r Mecca, he gave the whole fe«nt mjas ; at which pciiod the Tafl»l*' 

E ^ 



'tk WUtoty of ike P&rH^uege Landing in India. [[Jav. 

ri* Zamorin was at some distance, which iirri* Raja. But aipongst ihtHe Rajas, 
-^as the reason of his not . having a in point of dignity, power, and oonsider- 
"country given to him. The Tamari Rs^a ation in foreign countries, the Tamnri 
after this came hack ; Perumal gave his was pre-eminent ; and amidst all the re- 
seal and sword to him, tdUng the Tamu- maining Rajas in Malabar in honours and 
ri he must conquer countries, and retain dignities, the Tamari stood firat. Tha 
-them hy that sword. Accordingly in a reason of this was the gilt of the seal and 
short time the Tamuri Rt^a employed swordby the Emperor Perumal, who him- 
•himselfdiligently to do as Perumal order- sdf reposed confidence in the tribe of 
ed him, and he got the Qooatry of Kori- Islam ; after whose departure they cama 
kotef . At this time the people of the and settled in the country^ put trust la 
tribe of Islam came to see the Rtya, took the Tamuri, and on account 6t this friend- 
tip their residence at Korikote, and from ship, strangers came irom other countriea 
divers countries merchants and trades- with shipping people, whom the Raja re-^ 
•people came; and by exercising their re- eeived honourably, and sentthent ^way 
•pective callings, Korikote began to grow in a friendly manner. When the Ri^a 
a large place. Throughout the whole of went to any place, either for war or an/ 
Malabar, the city of Korikote was the first other affair of consequence, the sword nyaa 
in rank. After this the tribe of Islam carried before him, as formerly before Pe^ 
came from several places, and assembled ramal. If any drcnmstance occasioned a 
together, by which the Tamuri became war between the Tamuri and any other 
tjiie most powerful, and the principal of the Malabar Rajas, and they gave hinx. 
among the Rig as of Malabar, of whom, either money or country, and sued fofr 
some were possessed of strength and some peace, then he retired quietly and left 
were not. In this period none of the them ; but if any of the Rajas neithoE 
fUjas passed each others boundaries, gave money or country, he then would 
which was agreeable to the orders of not cause his army to commit da^-astation, 
Perumal at his departure. Their king- but remained for a length of time upon 
4oms extended some one kathumt, and the borders of that country, till he waa 
some more. Some of them had 100 men, satisfied :— 4uch was the ancient custom, 
some 200, some 300, some 1000, some nor could he act in any other manner. 
5000, some 10,000, some 100,000, and But if quarrels and wars arose among the 
iome had still more. In some countries other Rigas of Malabar, they slaughtered 
there were two Rajas, in some three, and each other, and ruined each others country. 
\n others even more. In the countries that tMb HUtwry of the FringUf comiog inU 
had two Rajas, if one was more powerful Malabar 
than the other, he w«uld not quanel wlA ,„ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ 

.ndu«pa»m the others boundanefc If ^xth of Kartadom «73», three of th, 

any did quarrel, he would get no one to »«:^_. ^ .i.._ _ ^ « • , , 

• i . I.- A **u «? J *^ Frmgis* ships came to PandaranykoU 

' Assist him. Amongst these Ri^as, the one ,„^,r r* k!L- :, *i, \x. 

, . , . Tit. iamU. It being in the monsoon, they 

who had most men governed the country . v -^j *i. j i. n!. ^ 

ML. *t^i •»• n ns. V a %. -i-r anchored there, and came on shore. They 

<H>mTeke(Ko11amntoKaniakttmariT:at ^^^..^v^^.^ u *i. i . %% 

this time his name was TCpatW. The T Tm ?V a 5 *''"V''^^ 

next Riga leigned over M^ Wahput- ^"TII^'k ^ / ^'^^''^^'^'J 

nam, mound Kannanur, Edtoit/wd ^* "1!^* but returned agam to their 

t\u -.V Lii^ xT «r . own country, Portugal :— It is supposed 

Dhurmapuram; he was called the Kola- *i. *._ Jlu • s * r*^ '^ 

/ ' **Mw ^jjg motive of their coming was for pepper^ 

• The mode m whteh the M.ai«. write the Two years afterwa rds they returned from. 

SMdal title oftiieir Riyft, which Buropeuis spell " ^ 

iimoAn. * KoUtliri ia called hy EaropeAat KolMtiy. 

t Spelt and odM by Europeani Calicut. "^t '~'? Jf f^^^ ftom Kota, * thin piece aIJ 

« ^^ . 1.. r> . ^- . f r *'*c^> andTinri, ootton» when wound found it t» 

' J Commonly spelt Cos., a dutancc of four f„„ the wick of a tamp. 

.*'... _ .. ^ . t FringI, a voigar name for a Boropetn, cMcfff 

. * ^'^1 J! ^^' ■ ^'*'*^"' ***' """* **^ ■ confined to the Portuguese. 

ptace, called by Europeans Quilon, to the north. . -^. ,^^ . . , v *w^ «# , . , m,^i. 

waid of Cochin * ""^ **"" ^ which the If nsnlmans of liala- 

^ «- . u. . « « *»»' signify the Hegira. 

% Kaniakumary is Cape Comorin. } 67», Malabar style, of which the year 

•* The official name of the Travancore lUya's commenced the uth Sept. ism. 

ftlrcar is Tirnpas»afOi|, taken, prtAably, fro« 1 A place two miles south of KoUaadl, 

Timjpathy. tUrtsen north of Cnlicau 



ii61?0 'fi&fofy of Ae PovUigime HmtRig in India. ^^ 

Portugal with six ships, and came to Kori- took in tlieir lading of goods at Cochin^ 
kote. They landed; and while they were and went away; the other three remained 
trading in a merchant-like manner^ the there. On hearing this, the Tamnri Raja 
I'ringib s^d to the Tamuri's Karjakws*, set off to Cochin with 100,000 Nayrs*, 
/If you will put a stop to the trade of the and several Mapilias, for the purpose of 
^rahs and Mapillasf , we will give more seizing these ships ; hut a very great 
jnonpy to the Sircar^ than they do. Do- firing was kept up, and at that time they 
ring this time the Mapilias and Fringis could not get into Cochin. • Aftei; this the 
guarrelled, andcametohbws. The Raja Ponanywaikel Mapilias fitted out three 
f>rdered some of his people to go and put vessels, emharked on them, and sailed to 
a stop to it ; the Friogis quarrelled with where the three ships were ; a hattle took 
them too, and seventy of their people were place between them, and many of the Map- 
killed in the affray^ All the rest went on illas having been killed, they retreated, 
board their ships, and fired their large The next day the Ponanywaikel people 
guns at those assembled on the shore ; and the Baligkt people together .fitted 
$hey in return fired at them. It continued out four vessels; the people of Kapata 
for a short time, and the whole of the and those of Kollam fitted out three, to* 
, ships then sailed for Cochin^ where they gether seven vessels, on which the Ma» 
landed^ saw the B^ja of the country, built pillas embarked, and had a severe engage- 
a ion there: this was the first Fringi fort ment with the Fringis, in which they 
^at was built in Malabar. There was at suffered no defeat ; but as the rains were 
tiie time a Pally§ there,' whidi' the Fringis near, the Tamuri withdrew his ^ple to 
jpulled down and destroyed. These people Calicut. 

remained at Cochin, and carried on the On Thursday the 22d of the month 

business of merchants in a proper man- Metha, in the year of the Taliha 915, or 

ner. They then went to Kananur, lived 683 Malabar style, the Friogis came to 

among the pec^ie there in a peaceable Korikote, entered the town, burnt the 

manner, and built a fort ; they carried on Miskala Pally, got into the Tamuri*s 

4iverB kinds of merchandize, bought pep- Kowlgum, and there took up their abode. 

per ; some of them went to Portugal. At this time the Tamuri R^ja was absent 

The cause of their coming from and re- on a war against a distant country ; the 

turning to such a distance, was supposed whole of the Nayrs about Korikote a8<«- 

to be for pepper. A year after this, four sembled together, attacked the Fringis, 

•hips came from Portugal ; they landed and drove them from the Kowlgum, 

at Cochin and Kananur, where they in which action the latter lost 500 men 

bought pepper and ginger; again they killed, the rest of them embarked on their 

went home. At the expiration of two ' vessels and went away. Once before the 

years, twenty-eight ships came from Por- above date, the Fringis disembarked from 

tugal ; they again returned with pepper, then* ships at Ponanif ; and of the ves«r 

finger, and divers other goods. At this sels laid up there they burnt about fifty, 

period the Tamuri lUga went against the and killed seventy Mapilias. After this 

Cochin B^a, and captured the others the Fringis sailed for Teke Kollam, haii 

Kowlgumjl. During the war, three of the an interview with theRaja,addressiedhimt 

Cochin R^jas were killed ; and the Ta- respectfully, and built a fort there ; nor 

muri having conquered the Cochin coun- did they procure any where so much pep* 

try, went to Korikote. A year after this per tts at Cochin and Teke Kollam, whicli 

period, ten ships came, seven of them fresh was the reason of their erecting the fort, 

•hips, and three of them belonging to the After this the Fringis went to Goa, and 

former twenty-eight, which, after setting captured it, at which period Goa belonged 

. off, put back again. The seven fresh ships to Adil Shah^ Sultan.' The Fringis then 
""■"■"■ — ■ made it the principal place of their rcsi^ 

* Kaiyakar is a Malabar term for a Minister of dence for the transaction of all affairs in 

^M«SS1*\ ♦fc.^. • * *K •* . Malabar. Adil Shah Sultan attacked 

T Mairtlla !a the name gwcn to those Mntal- , „ . . j ^ t. ^ ^ ^ i 

mu^•^ dcMenduita of AnAe who are settled in ^^^ Fnngis, and retook Goa ; but they 



Malabar. — 

t Siicar means Ottferoment. * Nayrs are the hereditary soldiery of Malal^. 

I Mly is the name for the MapUU7place of t Ponani, a large Mapilla town .on the sea 

V«»hip4 coast, so called hota Fon or Poon, gold, and An^ 

I Kowlgum means palaee. a nail. 



» MIkldry of iKe Porhigi^e^e' Landing in-rndia. ^jAtf. 

i«liiriied in great fNce, and a second time the deception Intended, tmmediate^y on 

cwried it. Ttiqr tlien built tevteral fons hearing thtb, tlie Ifa^a said; < F am going 

In that country, collected their forces, and to the Tank, and wiH retnrn again imme- 

ahe power of the Friogis from that time iKaCely ;' by which means he eflf^cteA hie 

increased daily, at whidi period they and escape. Tlie Fringy who- had givea this 

ilie 'i amiiri Riga had same friendly con- information to the Ri^a, was sent by bia 

l^fCDoes togetlier, and made peace. The comrades to Kananur. Tlie Frfngis now 

cause of this was, that from the tinse of began to liili tlie Nayrs, and to force the 

tlie former quari-el, die trade of the Ma- MapSiias from tlieir abodes ; on which an 

fdllas decreased ; aad the person who the latter withdrew from the eoast, and 

was then Tamnri had been sometime assembled together to theeastward, among 

4ead, aad the Elia* Ki^a iiad succeeded, the Mapiilas Hving in Cochin. Of fihe 

who considered that it might be good Mnpanmar*, Ahoraatiia Marca, Kaahal]f 

policy to be at peace with the Friagis, Marca, and Aly Marca, these Chree men 

that it would cause both hia dty and the set off from Cochin, together wiHi tMr 

trade of the Mapitias to flourish in the followers. They came to Koricote, bad 

aame way that the traflk of Cochin and an interview with the Raja ; on whidi the 

Kananar did ; tliat on these conditions, Fringis conetdered them as intending to 

if ttieir difiereoces were made up, it act immically against ihem. They col- 

would be beneficial to Korikote. In this lected warlike stores, set off from CodHn, 

tmaty an artide was inserted by the Ta- came to POnanywalkel ; they landed there, 

muri, that the Mapiilas in his domid- destroyed the booses, burnt some of the 

ions should every year load four vessels Pally ; they cut down the ooeoa-mit trees 

with ginger and pepper, and sail for Meeca, growing by the sea side, and killed some of 

without anybindrance given by the Frin- the people. They staid there one day 

His, to wbscli the latter assented. And after this, and tfie next nlishtthey sailed 

when the Fringis began the building of for Pandrany Koilem, where they seized 

the fort, the Mapiilas. commended their all who had come to trade, and forty of 

<voyage for Arabia with the four ships ; their vessels ; some of the people t^ere 

they sailed wider the flag and passport Of were also killed. In this manner did they 

ilbe Fringis :-— this was in the year of the devastate the country, and rendered it 

Taliha 92i, or 689 Malabar style. The impossible for the inhabitants to reside in 

akove vessels disposed of their cargoes, their abodes ; on which the Tamnri pre- 

and returned again to Korikote, at wiucfa pared to go to war with them ; but as he 

Mmethe Fringis had. finished the fort; was himself absent at the time from 

.after which they would not permit the Korikote, he seat his royal writing to his 

^Dger and pepper to be carried to Mecca, Karyaikar Eliathaf to get ready. On see- 

iMrt prevented eveiy otlier power from fog tfhe royal writing, he immediately 

-Isading in these .or a«y other articlea,iex- began to collect warlike stores ; and the 

cept themsehres. And they declared, that Mapiilas from several coantries assem- 

ifthaBrsaw.ajroQtof giogeroragiai&of bled, and came to Koricote, by whidh 

.pepper emba^ced on any other persoii's time the Tamuri Rsija also arrived. Im- 

• Tessdy they would seise and detain such mediately the war began. Many days 

laessel witfa aUitSGar^o. They then began having exphred, and the prorisions In the 

-lo consider how to seise and oarry off the fort 'being expended, and not having it in 

Tamnri Baja, but theur deceit did not their power to get a supply, they embartEed 

anoGoed. This was the manner of plan- aH their property on their ships, destroyed 

i«iing it.c-'*after they hadfinished.tbefoet, the fort, and, unknown to those on the 

i aad rendered .it stsoag, they built a hoase outside, tliey got to their ships and went 

.^naaritlor the residence of tbeima. Some away. This was on the 16th day of the 

•f the Fringis waited on the Tamnri, aad month Mahasanam, in the year of the 

toldhim, that the king of Portugal bad Talifaa 933, or 701 IMalabar style. In 

htm a present, and that he mast this war two thousand Kayrs andM^il* 



eoaie there toreceive it. He aocofdini^y las died, ia consequence of this, the Ta- 
went, and while residtng there, one of 



the Fringis came, and informed him of j^^Zlw iTpJ^u **** ^^^ Ftadl-df »«*- 

•^ ■ — ' ' ■' ■■■ " ' . ■ ' I t Bllaihs 4c Mcond, bit wcoad nfnl^terlm. 

• fiUameaottccoad* poimofnak* 



ISIT.^I HisMf^ t^fhe Pomptese Lmdhig in itdia. SI 

nuii and tlie Friasas were mucU exas- it. was ootisidisred as giviBg trdaUe to tliei 
perated against eadi other ; an4 in 9 short lading of goods ob Teisds for AraUa ; ttiU 
tirne^ the Mapillas having repaired tbeiir leare was given to build H- ai, Chalnit^ 
vcstfela, they hegan to emhack ginger, pep^ The Fringis began to eoHect materiais for 
per, asd other articles of trade^ tor Guz'*> oonstmcting their lbrt» and brought tfaea 
lerat and other coontries* They now into the river ; this was in the year of 
tailed without either flag or passport. th6TaIiha938^octbe5tbof Wrisohigom>* 
Some of their vesseis the Fringis seized^ 707 Mal^ar style. The Fringis then- 
sMofi they drove ashore by means of firing finished the fort at Chaliat; it vras «' 
at them, and others arrived at their des- very large one, and remarkably handsonMV 
tin^ ports, and traded without molestar During the building of the fort, a Frings 
tion. After the monsoon' of the above having taken a stone from the Pally built / 
year, the Mapillas of Dhurmapatam and 1^ MaUUiadeen*, the whole of the Ma* 
their friends made peace with the Fringis, pillas of the place went to the captain of 
mailed under their flag and passport. The the fort, and having made their com- 
Tamnri, his subjects, and the Fringis, plaint, the captain himself and his people 
)iad now been long at variance, when in took stone and chunam, went to the 
the year of the Taliha 935, or 703 Malk- Pally, and had it repaired ; this pleased 
bar style, the Fringis went in a shi^ to the Mapillas very much. The next day 
Tanore, and having landed there, had an several of the Fringis went to the Pally, 
interview with the Raja. The 'Himuri, « polled down all thestonesofit, and carried 
on hearing this, sent his royal commands them away. The whole of the MapiUaa 
to the Tauore Raja, to send him all the went a second timc^ and laid their 00m*- 
men and property belonging to the ship, plaint before the captain, lie told theta^ 
with which, however, he did not comply, that their Raia had given both ihe Pally 
but cultivated great friendship with the and the ground to him, thereftMV he had 
Fringis. They consulted together to over- pulled it down. On ^is the Mapillatf 
power tbe Tamurl, plunder the Mapil- retired overwhelmed wHh grief ; andata 
las, destroy Ponaniwaikel, And build a little distance from thence they built 
/ort on the left mde ef the river at that another. After this the Fringis earried 
place ; for which purpose stones, chu- away the stones from the Manila bury- 
nam, and other requisite articles, were ing ground for tiieir foit. The Elia Raja 
embarked in vessels, and when arrived having been installed Tamuri, a war 
/:]ose to Ponaniwaikel, a violent storm began with the Ghatiat Raja to destroy 
arose, andallofthem, except a small dow, Ms country; but the tatter having laid 
were wrecked on the shore. Some of ^e his grief submissively before the former> 
£rews were drowned, and those who got on he withdrew his ai-my, and then turned 
shore were made prisoners. The cannon his forces against the Raja of Tanore. 
that were in these sMps the Tamuri got. While he was meditating an attack, the 
Their schemet>f building a fort at Ponan Tanore Raja surrendered Karakatirutty 
was now rendered abortive. After this, and New Pouanl to him, on which they 
St is said, that the Fringis built a fort at made peace, and the Tamuri retired. la 
Chaliut. A captain came to Ponani- the year of the Taliha 963, or 726 Mala- 
waikel, in order to make peace with the bar style^ the Fringis burnt and destroyedi 
Tamuri ; he was a person wh« was ac- Tricodi, Pan^ani KoUom, and Poaaof- 
^nainted witbvll that had passed a« Koiri. waikel. lntheye8roftheTaliha963»0r 
kote and Ponaniwaikel. The Tanore 732 Malabw style, the Fringis and the 
Raja exerted himself greatly to bring Raja made poaOe; itfcey again qo«rwl4e4 
jBbout a peace between the Tamuri and ,q 0;^ t. or 796 M. S. The Fringis 
the Fringis : the present Tamuri was the ^^^x |^s at Maugalere and Fekaoiip. 
«une who rejigned when t)Qie fort at in 970 T. or 739 M. S. a Mapilla, 
Korikote waf taken* from the Fringis. caHed Knty Potor Mareurf , dtptttred a 
The Tanore mia Aane to ^orikote, -vSTTamTTf an'ArabVho i. .hid to hate 
settled all diqNaes /between 4he Tamnri c^^eiteA the Bmpertfr PeniMai, «nd whoie me- 
and the Fringis ^ the latter were then moryis htid in gfeat veneration «ity the Mapiliv. 

permitted to build a toft afChatttft. The , \ Adewendant ^f th« MapiUa. by name W 

^ , . ^ , ^y halv Marcar, la now (I800j living at Cou. me 

ipot assigned for bydlding the fort was on f^^ ^f taking the ?essel i» stni pre*nred in ibM 

the pubUc highway, which being known^ ftunily, sad Uiey pride tbcaMlTe* mnch on it. 



^ Podry^^To A, L 

Bbip belOQgiiig to the Fringis. In 974 T. 
or 743 M. S. the Tamuri set off to wage 
war with Cochin, and having tarried two 
months on the road, he lost 2900 men by 
the water being poisoned, which obliged 
liim to. retire to Paloly ; and having 
placed the Tanore Raja in the place he 
tesided, the Tamuri went secretly away. 
The Fnngis came to seize him, and did 
earry off the Tanore Raja, so that had the 
latter not been placed there, they would 



have sdzed the Tamori. In 979 T. or 
747 M. S. the T&muri took the fort at 
Chaliut from the Fringis. In 992 T. or 
760 M. S« the Tamnri agreeing to their 
building a fort at Ponaniwaikel, the Frin* 
gis and him made peace. In 998 T. or 
766 M. S. the Fringis seized a Tessel of 
the Raja's at sea, in consequence of which 
they again quarrelled.— This is.theHii*>. 
tory of the Fringis and the R4>*^ 



POETRY- 



TO A. 1. E. 
#i<A a Buneh (ff F/owert, oa her Birtk-dapt 
Bee, Stk, 1810. 
^arelett of prai«e,~4at what thy lipi l>estow j 
Anna 1 to deck thy lovely form we Mow— 
I>ec«mber*s flowcn 1 we amile upon thU mora. 
JInd bail the hour which bade thee life adorn— 
O happier Ikr to breathe one little day 
On thy pure breast— than wait the coming Biay I 



PAEAPHRA8E OF AN ODE OF HAHZ. 
JBy a Lad]f* 
^Im nightingale* cweet poet of the grove. 

From a tall cyprcat that o'erlooked a rot^ 
Which brighter bloomed beneath the eye of love. 
Did hia soft pawlon in these strains disdose : 

'* Let no one on this flower cast evil eyes, 
Fraise Af la, Bose, who made thee beauty's queen; 

Yet not with coldness thy fond bard despise. 
Whose passion biased when flrst thy charms 
were seen. 

^ Of thy late words I no npbraidinp make. 

Those cruel words of which 1 might complain } 
Bot call on hope the present gloom to break. 

And point where meeting shall repay my pain. 
^ Let others follow Inclination's voice, 

Obedient at her call through pleasures rove; 
While grief for thee I make my dearer choice^ 

No pleasure else Is worth the pains of love. 
** The beauteous Honri and the stately dome, 

The anchoret's fond hope reward his prayer | 
To me thy shadow is a nobler homcb 

And thoQ, my Honri, l^rer fer than thein. 

** When music sounds drink wine i if any frown. 
Dispel the cloud of anger from his brow i 

Vor rest till frlendahip>s hand the gibtet CfMr% 
And Alia, called on, has absohwd the vow. 

M Bnt, Hafli, ceasa tby pains I debarrwl from sighf, 
The hope of meetlag lives In absence bom I 

As flrom the darkness of the stormy n%|it, 
Aorora's ifletdoor brings.a brighter mun/* 



IMITATION OF AN ODE OF RAFIZ. 

Sf y heart's blood issuing from my vciiis» 
I thus addressed my tender strains 

To Celia too unkind ; 
The time I've in thy absence past. 
Was as the fatal day o'ercast. 

When God shall judge mankind. 

The griefs whkh in my bosom roll. 
My eye, that indea of my sonU 

Marks with a thousand hues«. 
And ah I that melancholy sign, 
llMt love and constancy are mine» 

A teu* my cheek bedewe. 

Experience warns to foture rest. 
The wretch by wilful grief oppress'd^ 

And tasted ills reclaim j 
Sut he who this relief foregoes^ 
And pain renews whose smart he knows, 

May well deserve his shame. 

One deeply skilled In Galea's arc, 
I asked his counsel to impart. 

When thus the Sage replied:— 
** In thy love's presence is disease^ 
And in her absence health and ease. 

Thy choice let prudence guide.* 

If near ny fair one's gate I etray, 
And traverse the UMhted way. 

What laughter will arise : 
But let the world deride my flamei 
As eveiy lover's lot's the samc^ 

And 1 their spleen desplK* 

Deny me not a suppliant's do^ 
By every tender tie I sue. 

By every oath ooniuMi 
O let my pains thy pity movc^ 
And siiMe thy Hafla lives by lovt> 

Bylovthtolifiisscan, 



18173 



( SS ) 

REVIEW OF BOOKS. 



A View of the History ^ Literature-^ 
aud ReiigfoD ofthelHodoos; includ- 
ing a minute Description of their MaD- 

' ners and Customs, and Translations, 
from their principal Works, in two vo- 

, lnme9. By the Rev. William Ward, one 
of the Baptist Missionaries at Seram- 

' pore, Bengal. The Third Edition, care- 
fully abridged and greatly improved. 
2yol8. 8vo. pp.740, price 18s. — London. 
Black, Parbury, and Allen, 1816. 

The vast and wonderful empire 
of India was but little known to 
the ancients, in the extent of its 
territoiy and population, though 
its rich productions were sought 
after and purchased with avidity 
by every civilized nation of the 
euth. Herodotus, the most an- 
cient of the Greek historians, who 
flourished four' centuries and a . 
half before Christ, knew little of 
Iftdia beyond the limits of the 
Pan|ab, or cotmtry watered by the 
fibe branches of the Indus; all- 
eastward of that river is represent- 
ed by him as a barren and sandy 
desert. He bad never heard of the 
Granges. The irruption of Alex- 
andtr and die Greeks, about a 
centoty aft^r, was confined to that 
province, and though the Grecian 
aftaiy, then, heard of the Ganges, 
and of the mighty -nations that in- . 
habited its shores, they shewed 
bat little inclinadon to attack so 
farmidable a race ; and it was from 
the just apptehenttdnof a mutiny 
evidently breaking forth among 
his troops, harassed by incesaant 
marches and' conflicts, that Alex- 
ander was principally induced to 
return. The an^assadorial inter- 
course and commercial connection 
subsequently maintained between 
hib snccesson on the throne of Sy- 
rii and Bactrta, and the Indiaris, 
enlarged the field of observation, 
and proved the source of that more 
infimate knowledge ^f the country, 
and the manneni of the inhabitants, 
whith is evinced in the wriSngs of 
Diodlonis Sicdlus, Strabo, Arrian, 
and the' ether Greek and Romah 
iff Jotffiit— No. 13. 



historians. Many of their. rela-> 
tions are, indeed, replete with 
gross errors and tabsurdities ; bnt 
still much is to be obtained froia 
them of genuine information, and 
especially in regcurd to the religi- 
ous rites and singular doctrines of 
the tribe of ^rahmans. 

The maritime commerce after- 
wards carried on between India, 
Egypt, and Arabia, as detailed, in. 
the reriplus of Arrian, led to a 
still more ex^tended investigation 
of Indian habits and manners, by 
men of philosophical research, who, 
by that means, visited the coasts of. 
the pe|iin^ula, where .those habita 
are somewhat varied, ^d super-; 
stition appears in ; aU her ffQrgeoiia 
and delusive splendour. Those tra« 
vellers, in particular^ who visited the . 
great cities of Tagara and Plutha- 
naintheDecan, theDeogh\ir, and 
Patau of mod.ern tii^es, which at . 
that period were the central marts . 
for commerce in the peninsula,* 
must have returned equally aston- 
ished and delighted with the stu- 
pendous excavations at EUora,. in 
tli|e immediate vicinity of pfDeog- 
hur, the undoubted work of Hin- 
dpo architects, in themostanqieni' 
periods of their emjpire, and stiU 
remaining, inunimpaured ^lory, for . 
th^ admkation of postenty.f It : 
was unfortunate for this people, and 
the genius of Hindu sculpture, . 
that the Mahomedan invaders of . 
these beautiful regions, at asuc-.* 
ceeding period, beheld not their 
architectural labours with tjie same 
sort of admiration ; for it was their . 
incessant aim, in their earliest, irn , 
ruptions, tp subvert their templea. 
and externunate the inhabi&uita. « 
Tl^ distance and . durability . of 
these superb riemaina alone pre»* 
served them from the rage of the 



-r- 



* See the account oF these citiec as given by 
Mr. Wilford lo Asiatic Besmirches, toI. I. p. 9^0^ 
Calcutta edit, 

t See engraTinis of these rocky temples aad- 
•culpturedT'imageiy, In* the 0th foi. oi Asiiittc 
Researches, 

Vot. m. F 



destroyer in Upper India. In 
twelve different descents did the 
<unreeling Mahmud of Gazna scat- 
ter death and desolation over the 
ravaged plains of Hindostan ; nor 
till thebenerolent Akbar ascended 
her imperial throne, did the tor- 
rent of destruction cease to roll. 
That politic monarch set the first 
<example to the princes of his dy- 
nasty, of a mud and paternal 
.government, and substituted the 
soothing arts of conciliation for 
the irritating and avenging despot- 
ism of his sanguinary predecessors. 
That atrocious bigot, Aurung- 
«ebe, revived the ancient Tartar 
barbarity ; carried sword and fire 
into the peninsula; every where 
xkemblished or polluted tne tem- 
ples ; and, in one instance, went 
.«oi far iis to cause their most revered 
Aiiimal, the Cow, to be slaughtered 



Ward on the Hindus. tJ'^^^ 

ofMORALS and rblioiok-— the sin* 
gular book which we are now aboul 
to review, will be found the most lu- 
minous and comprehensive of any 
ever published in this country^ 
speaking to JactSy and to facts on^, 
upon the evidence of the senses; tns 
scrutinizing eye and the attentive 
ear, whose accuracy coold not ba 
deceived. Those facts, indeed^ 
are, in some instances, of an as- 
tonishing and an appalling nature ; 
but till a solid reason can be given 
why a set of men, who profess to 
be solely guided by the stem dic- 
tates of truth and consciences and 
who, braving every danger of a 
foreign clime, have subjected them«* 
selves to a voluntary exile for ever 
from their native country, in order 
to propagate the doctrines of Chris- 
tianity among a race more blind 
and bigotted to their nefarious su- 



in the very sanctuary of one of perstitions, than any nation on the 
their principal pagodas.* It was face of the globe : — ^we repeat, that 



never afterwards entered by a 
Hindoo, and became a celebrated 
3fahomedan mosque. From the 
writers of that sect (except from 
Abul Fazil, in the Ayeen Akbery), 
we have no unprejudiced accounts 
«of the' Hindus ; and alUiough the 



till a solid and satisfactory reason 
be assigned, why these men should 
have the audacity to palmi a deli- 
berate falsehood upon the British 
public, in a gross misrepresentation 
of the Hindu character and prac« 
tices, we shall not refiise our be* 



IBVeneh traveUers, Tavernier and lief to ^eir frank and artless state' 
•others of the seventeenth century^ ments. 



faithfully narrated^c^* as they be- 
hdd them ; yet their short stay in 
any particular region Of India, fbt- 
bade their entering so minutely 
into the Hindu character as the 
British, their more modem coh- 
iquerors, from their long residence 
and domestication among them, 
have been enabled to do. The 



A residence of many years at 
Serampore, near a great temple 
of Jagahnat, and in the very centra 
of the bloody superstitions of the 
Hindus, gives the author a ctiiim 
to respect and belief, far beyond 
all who have gone before hmi in 
this line of enquiry ; and the disin- 
terestedness of himself and ' hit 



greatest part of these relations of brethren, evinced in a gratuitous 
ojGireountiymen we have attentively devotion of their whole time vaA 



perused, and various praise is due 
to their perfbrmances for their, 
in many respects, correct accounts 
of the customs and manners of the 
natives in the particular districts in 



laboiir to the promotion of the 
great object they have in view, de- 
serves the warm admiration and 
fratitude of both Asiatics and 
luropeans. They are indefiitiga- 



which they have resided. But as a bly industrious m pursuing the 
OXKERAL SVRVBY of whatever is most efficient plan recommended 
connected with Hindustan — ^we by Sir W.Jones, for the conversion 
m^n in the most essential concern of the Hindus, by translating the 

sacred. Scriptures into the Sanskrit 
and Persian tongues ; wbi(:h by tht 






1817.]] llVard on the Hindtis, 55 

*id of a printing-office set up on of the more promitient features on 



their own premises, where no less 
than (en presses are kept constant- 
ly at work, many thousand copies, 
in the different dialects of Asia, 
have been taken off, and widely 
and successfully distributed. A 

§rin ting-press set up in the imme- 
iate vicinity of the vast slaughterr 
house of .Jagahnat, to illumine, 
with the light of Christianity, the 
darkness and bigotry of the priest- 
deluded Hindus, who, for ages, 
have annually immolated their sons 
and their daughters on the blood- 
stained altars of that Indian Mo- 
xocH ! In what a glorious cause 
have these gentlemen embarked 
their time and their valuable ta- 
lents ! Who, that is a friend to 
civil and religious liberty^ can deny 
them that high, that just applause 
their labours so imperiously de- 
mand ? Who would be so ungener- 
ous as, W base insinuations and 
tuifounded calumnies, to obstruct 
their progress in so noble and so 
patriotic an undertaking ? 

The work under consideration 
consists of two parts ; an Introduc- 
tory Dissertation^ or, as it is mo- 
demy termed. Remarks ; contain- 
ing a vast combined mass of infor- 
mation of the most interesting kind, 
and discussions, under distinct 
heads, respecting the various ob- 
jects of worship of this in&tuated 
people in this terra Sculptilium, 
this land of sculptured imagery, 
from Brahma to a log of woody 
The universe, and every thing in it, 
seems to have occasionally shared 
their devotion. Besides a thousand 
idols, ^ the fabrication of his fancy 
and his fears, beasts^ birds, reptiles^ 
jSshes, treesy and stonesy of various 
kinds and imagined properties, have 



the history of the idols and their 
worship, here ;5ubmitted to the view 
of the astonished reader. The dis-. 
tinguishing, the sterling merit of 
this publication is, that direct trans* 
lations from the original Sanskrit 
accompany all the assertions, how- 
ever apparently incredible, made 
in the course of it. To the versions 
already published by Mr. Cole- 
brooke, Mr. Paterson, and other 
members of the Asiatic Society, 
are added those made by the 
missionaries, assisted by learned 
Brahmins, from the Vedas and the 
Sastras, illustrative of each object 
discussed ; so that the aulJienticity 
of the facts narrated can admit of 
no doubt, however revolting may 
be the enormities displayed to the 
mind of refined sentiment. 

In these pages it will be seen 
and proved by the authentic docu- 
ments just alluded to, that the Hin- 
du theological doctrines are by no 
means of that pure and sublime na- 
ture which we were taught,. even 
by the most respectable writers, 
to believe that they were ; for the 
direct system, inculcated in those 
books, is Pantheism, or, accord- 
ing to the philosophy of the Greek 
schools, that the Divine Spirit ig 
the soul of the luorld ; a doctrine 
bordering upon Atheism, and at- 
tempted to be revived, with all its 
monstrous absurdities, by Spinoza, 
in the 17th century. The Ve- 
danta philosophers teach, that God 
exists in a million of forms, froni 
the ant to Brahma, the father of 
the Gods, as one moon is seen at 
once in twenty different vases of 
water. What then, is the object 
of worship among the Hindus ? 
Mr. Ward answers thus — "It is 



alternately received the homage of not the One God, but this com« 
the ductile Hindu. Through all pound being, the soul of the world 
»k:»:»..^^ — ^^ c rj:-.:^:i..'^- i^ inclosed in matter, the primevial 

energy, the . prolific and vivifying 
principle dwelling in all ^pimated 
e3dstences, or, in other words, the 
personification of whatever the dis- 
ordered imaginations of the Hia-^ 
dus have attributed to this God» 
F2 



tbisinunense farrago of divinities, it 
is impossible for us to wade ; but the 
sensible dissertatioii, in which the 
substance of the book is condensed, 
has^ in the first instance, a strong 
claim to our attention ; and we 
shall, theiii consider in detail some 



^ Ward on 

encompassing himself with Maya, 
6r delusion. This energy is said 
to have created the universe ; and 
therefore thisy as displayed in the 
grandest of the forms it assumes, 
is the object of worship. Hence 
tfie Gods, the heavens collectively, 
l3ie sun and moon, as well as the 
stars, the sea, mighty rivers, and 
extraordinary appearances in na- 
ture, receive the 'adorations of the 
Hindoois "'^-^Introductori^ Remarks, 
p. 18. This doctrine, we beg leave 
to add, is exactly in unison with the 
oldChaldaic superstition, practised 
i)y the fire-worshippers who erected 
the Tower of Babylon, who sup- 
posed the sun and stars to be ani- 
xnated beings, guided in their 
course by a celestial regent, the 
soul r)fthe orb ; and proves, among 
many other strong arguments, their 
immediatie descent nrom that pri- 
meval and idolatrous race. 

But to proceed with our inquiry 
respecting the notions entertained 
by the Vedanta philosophers of 
God and the sorL, or that vivific 
innate principle which they con- 
sider as' such. On thid important 
subject we shall again quote Mr. 
Ward's own words,* 

' Not only ie God thus declared to b« 
the soul of the world, but' the writer of 
the above work affirms^ that the World 
itself is God^— Ood expanding himself ia 
an infinite variety of fonns : - ' AU things 
past, present, and to come ; all that is in 
the earth, sky, &c. o^ every class and de- 
lerfptioD; all this is Btumhu, who is 
the cause of all things, and the thhig^ 
thpemsekes.' Yet this writer, in another 
part df this work, seems to affirm, that 
th« universe is the work of God : — 
* The'principle of life is Brumhu ; that 
which is animated is the work of Brum- 
hu, who directs every thing, as the cha- 
rioteer directs the chariot. Brumhu is 
everlasting and unchangeable; the world, 
which is his work, is changeable.' 

"This work represents Brumhu, in his 
state of repose, as destitute of ideas or 
iikteAligence, and entirely separated from 
all intelligence^. It describes this re- 
pose by comparing it to whatever may 
communicate the idea of undisturbed 
tranquillity; to 'the bosohi of the un- 
ruffled ocean ; or to the rest enjoyed in 
a-deep sleep, in Wfaiich there is an entlr* 
oeasatlDa rrm of tlie ^aeultlies of ^ 
loind. 



the Hindus* TJak. 

What a degrading idea of the, 
deity does this representation af- 
ford ! Instead of the ever- watchful 
providence ascribed by Christ- 
ianity to the supreme disposer of 
all events, he is here pourtrayed as 
totally estranged from the .crea- 
tures' he has made; as a sullen^ 
lethargic, inaccessible being, ex- 
isting through an immense revo- 
lution of ages in the abyss of barren 
and boundless solitude. After a 
succession, however, of these revo- 
lutions, Brahma, waking from his 
repose, unites to himself his o^wn 
energy, and creates the universe ; 
for it is their ihaxim, that when 
Brahma withdraws his energy, the 
destruction of the world succeeds ; 
when he employs it, creation 
springs forth to new birth. Hence 
the prevalent doctrine in so many 
ancient systems of theolo^, .and 
particularly in that of the Hindus^ 
of the destruction and regeneration 
of unnumbered worlds, from whom 
in all probability the dogma was 
diffused through Asia and Greece. 
Their opinion of the soul, while 
iinprisoned in the body, is given 
in the subsequent page. 

- The sonl then, by these writers, is con- 
sidered as separated from the souroe of 
happiness when it takes mortal birth, 
and as remaining a miserable wanderer 
in various births and states, till it regains 
its place in the divine essence. A de^ 
vOtee, sigMog for absorption^ isideicribed 
as uttering his feelings in words to tliis 
purport : ^ When shall I be delivered 
from this world, and obtain trod !' 

In consonance with these ideas, a sys- 
tem of devotion has been formed, to en- 
able men to emancipate themselves fmai 
the influence of material objects, and 
thus to prepare them for absorption. In 
the first place, the devotee is to acqttire 
tl^e right knowledge of Brumhu, namely, 
that God and matter are the same ; t^ 
Brumbu is the soul of the world. * That 
error which' excites earthly desires, and 
impels to worldly exertions, is destroy- 
ed,* says the writer of the work already 
quoted, * by the knowledge of Brumhu/ 
The person possessed of these ideas of 
God, is called * the wise man,' BrunUus 
gnatife ; and he who is destitute of this 
knowledge, is considered in^ a stAte of 
pl!kiable ^norance^ like an insect inienifrt- 
ed with matter. 

JfyOiw tfi (|»ble 14» tp saMbi^ iif 



18173 

passions, and. renounce all natural de- 
sires, he is directed to retire £rom the 
world : to counteract all his natural pro- 
pensities ; and to confine Iiimself to in- 
tense meditation on Brumhu, till he has 
thoroughly establislied in his mind this 
principle, that, * seeing every thing pro- 

• ceeJed from Brumhu, and that, at the 
end of the four yoogus, when the universe 

"ahall be dissolved, every thing will be 
absorbed into him again j therefore Brum- 
hu is every thing. 

We were once taught to believe 
that the Hitopadesa, translated 
by Dr. Wilkins, contained a fine 
system of moral precepts, for the 
regulation of human conduct. Mr. 
Ward, however, represents the 
Hindus as very little improved 
by its salutary maxims, and as, in 
fact, the most depraved race in 
morals of any people in the world. 
Into this depravity they are for 
the most part seduced by the 
lascivious exhibitions and impure 
orgies customary at their festivals. 
It has been common, he remarks, 
. to represent the idols as personifi- 
cations of the virtues, and as 
teaching, by hieroglyphics, a theo* 

S of morcus. As it respects the 
Indus, however, the fact is, that 
they have still, for popular use, a 



Ward on the Hindus. 



sa 



believer will sink .inio the regions of 
torment. In the apprehensions of the 
people in general, therefore, the idols are 
real deUies; they occupy the place of 
God, and receive all the homage, all the 
fear, all the service, and all the honours 
which HE so justly claims.* The govem- 
n^ent of ^od is su^vertfd^ and all the 
moral effects arising from Xhe knoyrhedsfs 
nf his perfections, and his claims upon 
his rational creatures, are completely 
lost. 

It is a fact, too, that .|he feitirate in 
honour of the gods have the most p«r-« 
nicious effects on the minds of tbe peo- 
ple. During the ceremonies of worship 
before the image, the spectator* are very 
few, and these fed no interest whsterer 
in the mummery going fbrwasd; and 
were it not for those who come to p^ 
a visit of ceremony to the image, and to 
bring their offerings, the temple would 
be as little crowded on festival, as 4m 
common days : but as soon as thf) v«U- 
known sound of the drum is heasd, c^U 
ing the people to the midnight orgies, the 
dance, and the song, whole multitudes 
assemble, and almost tread one upon 
another ; and their joy keeps pace with 
the number of loose women pres«i^^ anil 
the broad obscenity of the songs* Gop«r 
lu-Turkkalunkaru, a pundit employed in 
the Serampore priuting-office, and a very 
respectable man among the Hindoos, 
avowed to a friend of mane, that the onlf 
attraotives on these occasioiys were the 
women of ill-fame, and the QlihY soqgs 
and dances; that these songs were so 



sustem of morals to seek: some of a^minable, that a man of character, 

their idols are actunllv npronni^ ^^ amongst them, was aAamed <tf be- 
tneiT mote are actually personiti- .^^ ^. ^^^ .^ ^^^^ ^ (Gq^rHi) 

cations Ot Vtce; and the tormu- r«.main«l. he concealed himaelfiu a. «», 

laries used before the images, so 
£Eir from conveying any moral sen- 
timents, have the greatest possible 
tendency to corrupt the mmd with 
the love of riches and pleasure. — 
Introductory Remarks^ p. 15. In 
another place the author speaks 

out more fully on this important ^?'!»^^"^• '*?*\?!f •'^fj proauce tnc 

— u:^ * - J ^ c slightest pause m these midnight revels. 

subject, and opens a scene of i^ open day, and in the most public 

guilt and norror at which the mmd streets of a large town, I have seen men 

of every civilized being must be entirely naked, daocing with unblushing 



remained, he concealed himself ii| a- oOfH 
ner of the temple. He added, that a 
song was scarcely tolerated which did 
not contain the most marked allusions to 
uochastity ; while those that wevt soabo- 
minable that no pennon could repeat them 
out of the temple, received the londisst 
plaudits. All this is done in the very 
fiice of the idol ; nor does the thought^ 
* Thou, God, seeat me,' ever produce the 



chockecL 

The manifest effect of idolatry in this 
country, as held up to thousands of Chris- 
tian spectators, is an immersion into the 
grossest moral darkness, and a universal 
corruption of manners. The Hindoo is 
taught, that the image is really God, and 
the heaviest judgments are denounced 
against him, if he dare to suspect th«|t 
the imiige Is nothing more than the ele- 
ments of which it is composed. Th§ 
TiutnHHMra declares, that such an un- 



effrontery before the idol, as it was caiw. 
ried in triumphant procession, eucouraged 
by the smiles and eager gaze of the brants 
huns. Yet sights even worse than these, 
and such as never can be described by 
the pen of a Christian writer, are exhw 
bited on the rivers and in the publio 
roads, to thousands of spectators, at the 
Doorga festival, the most popular and 
most crowded of all the Hindoo festivals 
in Bengal, and which ctoses with liba- 
tions to the gods BO powerful, as to pro- 
dace general intoxication. What must 



88 

be the state of morals in a country, when 
its religious iustitutions and public shows 
at which the whole population is pre- 
sent, thus sanctify vice, and carry the 
multitude into the rery gulph of depravity 
and ruin! 

Mr. Orme, the elegant historian 
of the early military conquests of 
the British in India, in his preface 
to that valuable work, depicts the 
gentle Hindoo, as shuddering at 
the sight ef bloody and as of a 
pusillanimity easy to be accounted 



Ward on the Hindus, 



CJaK 



women too, who drag their dying rela- 
tions to the banlcs of the river at all sea- 
sons, day and night, and expose them to 
the heat and cold in the last agonies of* 
death, without remorse : ^- who assist 
men to commit self-murder, encouraging 
them to swing with hooks in their backs, 
to pierce their tongues and sides, to cast 
themselves on naked knives, to bury 
themselves alive, throw themselves into 
rivers, from precipices, and under the 
cars of their idols ; who murder their 
own children by burying them alire, 
throwing them to the alligators, or hang- 



J . ing them up alive in trees for the ants 

for by the great delicacy of his con- ?°^ ^^^P^? *»^?re their own doors, or 
4:^»..a«-;^» TJi'o »,«».><>*« k^ »a:«.««<. °y sacrificing them to the Ganges ; — who 
figuration. His manners he affirms y^^ alive,%mid9t savage shouts, the 
to be mild, his habits domestic, ' 
and his amusements innocent. The 
whole voice of antiquity,, too, bears 
testimony to this gentleness of de- 
portment, except in the war-tribe 
alone, to their high attainments in 
Tirtue, particularly their justice 
and temperance, wnich they repre- 
sent as of the most rigid kind ; and 
the only exception to this charac- 
ter seems to be the dreadful sui- 
cidal rite to which they sometimes 
devoted themselves^ and an ex- 
ample of which occurred in the 
camp of Alexander, when Calanus 
voluntarily ascended the funeral 
pile. According to the state- 
ments of the present author, the 
Hindoo character seems to have 
Buffered, since that remote sera, a 
dreadful change. The accounts 
here swen of their more than 

«vage barbarity, is of so terrific a ;,?srg=W«T sTeT Ze"^: 
nature as to make one s very blood cities, no doubt arise out of the religion 
run cold. 



heart-broken widow, by the hands of her 
own son, and with the corpse of a dis- 
eased father ; who every year butdter 
thousands of animals at the call of su- 
perstition, covering themselves with their 
blood, consigning their carcases to the 
dogs, and carr)-iug their heads in triumph 
through the streets ? Are these the be- 
nignant Hindoos? — a people who have 
never erected a charity school, an alms- 
house, nor an hospital ; who suffer their 
fellow creatures to perish for want before 
their very doors, refusing to adminiter» 
to their wants while living, or to inter 
their bodies, to prevent their being de- 
vem'ed by vultures and jackals, when 
dead; who, when tlie power of the sword 
was in their hands, impaled alive, cut off 
the noses, the legs, and arms of cuU 
prits; and inflicted punishments exceed- 
ed only by- those of the followers of 
the mild, amiable, and benevolent Boodd- 
hu in the Burman empire ! and who verj 
often, in their acts of pillage, murder 
the phmdered, cutting off their limbi 
with the most cold-blooded apathy, turn- 
ing the house of the murdered into a dis- 



The Rev. Mr. Maarice* seems asto- 
nished that a people so mild, so benevo- 
lent, so benignant as the Hindoos, ' who 



of the Hindoos, and are the poisoned 
fruits of superstition, rather than the ef- 
fects of natural disposition : but this tt 
equally true respecting the virtues which 
have been so lavishly bestowed on this 



iurht of bloods' should have AdnntMl «n tjiJj^^ -s . , _ • ' .. 



9ight of bloody* should have adopted so 
many blaody rites. But are these Hin- 
doos indeed so humane ?— these men and 



Hindoo gives water to the weai7 traveller 
during the month Voishakhu 5 but he 
may perish at his door withont pity or 
relief from the first of the following 
month, no reward being attached to such 
an act after these thirty days have ex- 
pired. He will make roads, pools of 



* In vindication of Iffr. Maurice it may be here 
remarked, that his Indian Antiqaitlei, at least 

the early volumes of that work, inivhich this , __. „ 

Itauage occurs, were composed nearly thirty years water, and build lodging-houscs 7or pill 

22;n«*i^«« »*^f .•"."^•" customs and grims and travellers 5 but he comiidera 

Society, and of enliihteaed travellers Jfr *^« «ods in all these transactions. It It 

Orme was always, tai Utcly, thought very high ^ ™Ct,that there is not a road in thecou^- 

anthority, upoa any sul^ect Gonaccttd witk ^ ^^^ ^^ Hindoos, except a few which 

India. lead to holy places : and had there beea 



1817.3 Ward on the Hindus. S§ 

BO foture rewards held out for such acts of A history of the ten ineamations 

Bierit, even these would not have existed. ofViSHNU follows in considera- 

Before the kolee-yoogii it was lawful t© ^ble detail, and an account of 

lacrifice cows 5 but the "f wlm does it g ^^ ^^- abominable Ling- 

now, IS guilty of a crime as heinous as i_» • • • i_ r 

that of killing a bramhun: he may kill »» worship, is given m as chaste 

a buflalo, however, and Doorga will re- language as possible. Brahma^ 

ward him with heaven for it. A Hindoo, and his sacrificial rites and festi* 

by any direct act. should not destroy a„ ^^ ^^^ noticed last in order of th© 
insect, for he 18 taught that God inhabits ^j^ ^ . 

even a fly : hut it Is no great crime if he R_ il i.»«»" > «- ^ .*,«ov "*»j "^^ 

•hould permit even his cow to perish that he is not much regarded m 

with hunger : and he beats it without the reigning superstition ; nor doe» 

mercy, though it be an incarnation of any one adopt him as his guardian 

Bhuguvtttee- it is enough tliat he does ^^\^ Indra, the god of the 

not really deprive it of life : for the in- « "^ . 'sxJ-w ^— fl--. -* ^ j 

dwelling Brukhu feels no stroke but that firmament, with his ornaments and 

of death. The Hindoo will utter false- attributes, 18 next described ; then 

hoods that would knock down an ox, and SuRYA or the sun; Gak&SA^ 

-will commit peijuries so atrocious and identified so accurately with the 

disgusting as to fill with horror those j £ ^y^ Romans ; Karti- 

who visit tn» courts of justice ; but he ^u ' t j* ■»* * ■ 

will not violate his sbastru by swearing KYA, the Indian Mars ; Agni, op 

•n the waters <tf the Gauges. elementary fire; Pavani, god of 

The author now enters into an *^,'^'^\Xt''Y^*W?"f ™ *?* 

enumeration and hiatory of the ''f^" ' ^'"''.t ** u iT ^^ 

idol-godH of India, their character 7'*^ ""!L"?jr^/^r«?TK: 

and fttributes. li the first class ters we so learnedly described b, 

he ranks the primary elements, ^'I ^: ^.P''^' "^ *« *"* ^"^J"*' 

«RE. AIR, WATER, EARTH "[ A»«f '^ Researches, to who8» 

««^ «,>*.,- \.r -^v*:^!^ ««^ ♦ui classical account of the above su*- 

and SPACE, oi which, and the j •<.* •£> -kj- xxt j> i 

heavenlv biJdies the greater cods P^"^ ^®^^^®^' ^^ ^^' ^^^ * ^•.- 

^f S ^ IlV^^^J ^f.7 added, the student in Hindu my." 

ot India are, lor tbe most part, .1.1 •n . .^i •■• {_ - 

Dersonifications The ereater Oology ^^ "^^^ °o o*er aid in 
w cdestid gods, indu^g th^ the investigation, as in the latter 
three ereat oaraiiount divinities '"" ^^ *""""* "^^ mterestmg par- 
Brahma Vishnu and Siva are titulars, respecting these deities, 
in number tmentu^ne. ITie'infe- ""j."** ^^ *^ former, to^ethet 

nor, or terrestrilgods, as Krishna, T* vT V^7 Z'T "'?/^"'! 

Rai^ Jftffahnat. and others he i^ *® ^^'*='* *^® *"*"' hunself wa» 

JKama, jagahnat, ana omers, ne is ^t^ess, at the celebration of some 
of opimon are deified mortab, and f ^u • ' fe-,;,^^!. as a mecimen 

both the celestial and terrestrial "l*?*" *f *"^- -*8 * specunen 

deities have wives, so that it is a °^ *f entertainment he may ex, 

very crowded paniheon. It is re- f^ '" *"" ^*y' ,^~°? " ^^. °^ 

maskable, that to Brahme, the *« ^"^"^^ 'Jf '^' *1 ♦"iT"* 

Great One, of whom Brahma, passage is inserted, extracted from 

Vishnu, and Siva are emanations *«.^«7 interesting and extended 

not a temple exists throughout all «*^^7°* ^ ^l Y''!^'^ .?«" V«*^* 

Hindosta^ No act of worship i^ ^^^ ^°*''^' *^« ^*^ «^ ^iva. 

addressed to the supreme God: the destroying power, 
thej think of him very darkly, and In the year 1806, I was present at the 

speak of him very confusedly, worship of this goddess, as performed at 

They have no idea of his perform- *^« ^*''^*'^u^j? B^-Krishnu at Cal- . 

i y " i *. t^"v»iii ^^^^ rpjjg bujijiingg where the festival 

ing any act of creaUon or provi- ^as held were on four sides, leaving an 

dence, except through the agency area in the middle. The room to the east 

of the gods above mentioned, who^ contained wine, English sweetmeats, 

as our author observes, « bear no *<^ !^^ ^}}? entertainment of English 

w^^.^ «^-«^ui * li! ^ A- guests, with a native Portugaese or two 

more resen^lance to the one teue », ^^^ ^n the visitors. liTthe opposite 

trod than darkness toligfat, thm room was placed the imsge, with vast 

▼ice to. virtue.*' • heaps of aU* kinds of offerings b^reit* 



^ Ward on tiw Hindus. [JJanI 

111 the two 8i4e rooms were th^ Mt!r« extended notice. In writing the 

gfl^ts, and in the^area groups of Hindoo Hindu names of places and deities, 
cIMicing' women: finely dressed, sincinir a. •'^ • ^l 

iinctdaScing with sleepy stepsrsurrJTunSL ?« often occurring m these pages, 

odwitb guropeaiis who were sittiugott' ^^ *^ rather to be lamented, that 

diairs and couches. One or two groups the author did not conform to 

c^'Musulman men-singers entertained the the mode of orthography usually 

<5ompany at intervals with Hihdoost'hanee adoDted hv Sir William Tones and 

86tigsand ludicrous tricks. B^oi* two' SaopwciDy Mr wiuiam Jones and 

Q'dock the place was cleared of the danc- ^^' Wilkms, now m such general 

ing ghis, and of all the Eiiropeans except ^^* Brahma, for instance, is al- 

ourselves;. ahd almost all the liiyhts were ways written by him Brumhu ; 

^mgui^hfed, except in front of the god- Agni, Ugnee ; Yamaj Yuma ; San- 

TOSS;— when the doors of the area wfere ™;* c. ^ L^*. \ a \Ji u 

thrown open, and a vastcrowd of nalSves f^"*' ^^""S^^"^^ >' . and" although 

rfished in, almost treadirig one upon ano- ***® Indian pronunciation may thus 

ther; among whom 'were the tocalsioger^y^ he more correctly expressed, the' 

haying on long caps like sugar loaves, eye of an European reader, accus- 

i:Sr?.^Sy"^Sr^^t!?H^7St5 rf ^ anoth^er mode of onho. 
satd(»wn,theywwe8o wedged together as P^V^J^ *«. somewhat offiended by 
to present the appearance of a solid pAre- "^^ alteration. This and other pe- 
ment'of heads; a small space only bein^. culiarities, however, are of trivial 

.^\rSll!!^L55'''^ *^ w ^"^ ^^i; '^^ ^^%^' -^^e^ compared with the 
motioiisofthe'smgei's, who all stood uu «»-f^ • i* • ^ *■ ^» -^ . » . i 

F^nrsets of singers wire presentTtS^ V^ ^^ ^^ ™^"lcUoh to be ob- 
oceasww; thr first consUtiiig" of'brUm- ^^^^^^ inym its perusal. Deeply 
hnns,' Uie next of bank^i-s, the next acquainted hs the missionaries ap- 
ofroishnunjs, and the l^t of weavers; pear to bc^ with enohnities pric- 
\^eriteVtain6d their guests with fUtliy tfsed in India under the ahiiRPd 
stot^, and danted in initebetft attltudei „^ . ?* r2 ' T- S. aj>usea 

Ueftwe. tte godtles!^, holding up their ^f"® of teligion, let them undaunt- 
haodSf turaiing/ro^nd, patting forward ^^^7 hiit discre^ly petserere in,the» 
^jr heads towards the imager every noilv glorious task or reforming them. 
Sir^'lw- wSP J^.^^i^S*^?' *?^ *^°*^«^ I* w'"^ »o^ l>e the work of a day : 
tr»i?^^';ti:?^iS.t^t^^- butpaticntpersever^cewni fin^: 
nu»dr<eiiaaft«o»8 of the grdate^t hortw.' V conquer every difficulty. The . 
ThAdresf of the «i«ge«8^tbehr i^dedent * clouds are dispersing: the dawn 
gestures--the aboniinable natui-tf of the . has broke. An6ther tentuiV, per- 
aongs— the horrid din of theh- miserable hkns nwiv a»^ t Ka v,*i<^li «^Mli5i. ' * 
dfum^hfe^lafehes* of the hoiir^I^the' 5^^*^^ 1i X ^i ""i'T^^, 
daA«es«= of rthe ^to^-uwith the rcflec- ' ,^°^®^' ®^^ *^® knowledge of 
ti^ thftM wwBtanditag in an' idol tern- *"^ ^^"^^ God spread Over that now ' 
pie, and that thisimmense multitude of pointed land, ** as the ivaiers co^ '- 
rational and immortal creatures, capable the seaP 
orsmteffok'joydi weve in the very act of T'TV. A- >,^*'u j^ 

wM&p, pei^iiratiti^ a crime if hi A ^^^^^ cdnftnued.^ 

trcwooagainst^thfe God of heaven; while ' **''^'^--'-^'*-'-— ^.^— -«#-**^ 

Md feeiiS^ In my mind which time «o ^^P*' *»<• '•>« Countijr ••beyopd the 
neyefoUiterate. • CataracM, by Thomas Legh, Esq, M.P. 

„ . , ,. 4«>- pp. 157. Price U. U — Londtm. 

Having taken tms' aiflple review ' Murray, 1816. 

of the contents of die DissertaUon, In p«iWng these' parfeii we • 
^Lf- S°'*!?" "^ *« ^^^ «<">- have b"^ led -to adm&fhe cod 
C r^^"^** ''^"*%'? "^'^^ ' '^ "t**^ pdnevenmce manifest-' 

I^uSL"™11;^"*'*='^.^\«!- c'Jt enterpriiej and are 'no le* - 
^S^^^^r*"^*^ *?^^* unafected^styleanwMchthBW ' 
wWfch tt coa^, TOUtte U to thi. in the pr^ that lMl»8mMi$^ • 



1617*3 i^A'< Narrative vf a Jbumet^ in Egypt. it 

the tour of Gfteoe and Albania, ^^^ l»ora sail of SmymA, wfi^re tiom- 

Mr. Lerii was induced, from the ^'f ^^« **y^f ^^^r ^^^^^^^ P^^^ h« 

I. lA? -*«*« ^^ 4.1;-. J^.^«.«v. ^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ of its approaching the lalaod 5 

unhealthy state of the eountnes«of a„^ ^„..?„„ ,.„. «»aC «? c.«S«\i,«- «.« 

the Levant, to direct his isteps to 

die shores of Egjrpt, and that he 

was veiy unexpectedly permitted 

to pursue his researcnes beyond 

the cataracts, an advantage never 

before acquired by any European. 

Whenever a traveller, let his 

literary acquirements be ever so 

moderate, has succeeded in pene- ^ '^^^ is certainly a very curious 

tratmg lAto an unknoWn country, »ct, and in our opimon well wor- 

it, undoubtedly, becomes his duty ^'^7 Y^^ serious consideration of the 

not only to remark every circum* medical world. 



and, daring our stay of some days, we 
saw many Turks who had come directly 
from that place, leap on shore without 
any interruptloo. ** But,** added the Con- 
sul, *' should the (dague declare itself at 
Alexandria,. distant some hundred miles, 
we shall certainly have it at Scio." Hs 
apoke confidently, and quoted many in- 
stances within his own memory of the 
like coincidence. 



Atance relative to climate, man- 
ners, and natural productions, but, 
jf possible, to note those remarks 
on the spot, and at a convenient 



On the 21st November they 
embarked on board a vessel bound 
to Alexandria, and Mr. L. gives 
the following reasons for not en* 



opportunity communicate them to ^J^S na^re psrticularly into the 
the public. Knowledge, in how- ^^tory of this city. 



ever plain a garb, is always ac- 
ceptable; but when instruction is 
conveyed in scientific language it 
becomes doubly agreeable, and 
^e can venture to assert that the 
work before us is possessed of this 
advantage. 

The narrative comqiences in the 
tnonth of July 1812, when the 
'author haying visited the northern 
islands of the Egean sea landed on 
the coast of A^ ia^ to examine the 
Tread. Here^ receiving intelli- 
genee of the mortality wnich pre- 
vailed at Smyrna, he determined 
to leave the Levant as socedHv as 
possible. Having arrived at Malta 
m company with his fellow travel- 
ler, the Rev. Charles Smelt, they 
were obliged to perform a quaran- 
tine of twenty oays, and the re- 
ports of the increasing mortality 
of the plague determined them on 
their release to return to England. 

Bat (says Mr. L.) Egypt was still open 
to us : and thoagh the communication be- 
tween CoBstantitiople and Alexandria had 
been uninterrupled, that country had 
hitherto oonttniied in a state of perfect 
exemption from the contagion. There 



To repeat what has been so often writ> 
ten of the present and former condition of 
this celebrated city, would be both tedi- 
ous and sBperfluous, as the expedition to 
Egypt has rendered this part of the world 
familiar to many of my countrymen ; and 
by those who have not had an op{K)rtu- 
liity of visiting the country, the full de- 
ocriptions to be found in the various bookt. 
of travels will be deemed sufficient to sa- 
tisfy the curiosit|r of the most inquisitive. 
If in the course of the following narrative 
I may b,e accuaed by some of passing too 
hastily over places famous in antiquity, 
and stilJ ofiering objects of the most live- 
ly interest, while o&ers, on the contrary, 
should think I ha\'« ran into the opposite 
error, and indulged in useless .repetitioiH 
I have only tc answer, that the recolleo^ 
tiod of the sensations excited by the sight 
of those wonderful monuments of former 
times will never be obliterated from my 
memory; but I shall mention them r»* 
ther with an intention to complete the 
narrative, than with any design of in- 
creasing the number of detailed descrip- 
tions already in the hands of the public. 
The traveller who sees for the first time 
the pyramids of Gizeh, or the ruined 
temples of the Thebaid, feels as if he bad 
never heard or read of them before ; but 
an author must have very oonsideraUe 
confidence in his own powers of writing, 
who would venture to add to the descrip- 
tions of Denon, Hamilton, and, above 
all, of the costly and elaborate work 



is aomeihiog inezplicablev and that one jately published by the French govern- 

migfat> be disposed to call capricious, in iQ^„t 

^ V^i^^^'"^ thtodreadflri disease nkving quitted Alexandria they 

jprpodfl from one ooantry to another, and , *herMd ta RnoPtfji. at which 

WttOiad been particalariy struck with the *®®* tne roaa to Koeetta, at wmcn 

obwrvation o{ the Greek who acted as place Mr. L. takes the opportuni- 

fingUflli consiil at 8do. Thoagh- within ty of giving us the foUowiPg fibort 

Joum^Vo. 13. Voj.* III. G 



N 



4i2 . LegV^ Narraiibe ef 

but comprehensive account of the 
«)iifortu2iate disasters suffered by 
our army in 1805. 

When our troops bad gaiaed po«sessioQ 
9I the town of Rosetta, and were di»- 
porsed in TaricMis paits of it regaling 
themselves at tl eir different quarters, af- 
ter the ezertiABS' they had made, a single 
Turk, armed with no other weapon than 
a pistoiy began to attack on the straggling 
soldiers, of whom he killed more than a 
dozen, before the house where he was 
concealed and from which ha directed his 
jfire could be broken open and the as8aib> 
aut dislodged. 

The Turkish governor, encouraged by 
this unexpected success, as well as by the 
arrival of 8«0 troops from Cairo, and the 
jQ^rtain in£armation that the Pacha was 
descending ibe Nile with an addition^ 
force of BOOO men, resolved to make a 
'desperate effort, and second the spirited 
attack of an indiridnal. • Before the ^ng^ 
lish troops had time to form,' they were 
driven, from the town, and being obliged 
to' retreat through the desert witlioult 
cavalry to support them, their losses in 
killed and prisoners were very consider- 
able. The conduct of the Governor, af- 
ter this unfortunate affair, offers an ex- 
ample of refinement of cruelty in a con- 
queror, seldom seen in thesq modem 
timos— for each of the prisoners was com- 
pelled to carry the head of one of his 
comrades who had perished in battle, as 
a present to the Pacha of Cairo. 

Notwithstanding the abundance 
and cheapness of provisions in 
Upper Egypt, Mr. L. describes 
the inhabitants as a dirty miserable 
«et of wretches. It will scarceljr 
be believed by an English readei;, 
but we are by no means inclined 
to question the veracity of our au*- 
thor, when he describ.es the cheap- 
ness and plenty of provisions in the 
ibllowing manner ::*- 

. Phyvisions are so extremely abundant 
■and cheap in^ this part of the countrv, au'd 
in Upper Egypt they are still more so, 
tiiat we frequently bought 1000 eggs for 
,a dollar, and forth« same sum could pur- 
chase 14 fowls and innumerable pltreohs • 
but the fertility 0/ the soil, which prol 
duces three crops In the year, clover, 
corn, and rice, offers a striking contrast 
to the miserable appearance of the iaha- 
DitaBtt, who are excessively dirtyj and in 
m state of ahn^t perfect nuditv. They 
ygg^ honsver, at the same tSme' reniark- 
.^fP^^fSrmVfitietia^ the pow& ^ 
. b«ariM; f^^^, wmI thc.fifciilt^ they «». 
.««» of IWng abaofit spon noi^iif . ^ 



Sp^akiikg of etito, Mr: aq. 
thor observes the height of the 
houses and the exttseme narrow* 
ness of the. streets^ which wall 
scarcely allow two loaded oemeb 
to pass; he then proceeds to speak 
of the bazaara and the slanre mar^ 
ket. 

• Among the chief curiosities which at- 
tracted ouir attention, may be ranked the 
bazaars, of an a|^pearance £ur superior ui 
splendour to any we had witnessed In our 
travels in Turkey. Each trade has its al- 
lotted quarter, and the display of tsoperb 
Turkish dresses, costly pamasons' swords-, 
aitagfaans, and. every species of eastan 
Juxury and magniAct^uce, formed a mps$ 
hrilUant and interesting spectacle. . 
' We risi ted also the slave-mark et, where, 
to say nothing of- the moral reflectk>nii 
Suggested by tliis traffic Jn huouin beings^ 
the senses, were offended in the most dts^ 
agreeable manner, by the excessive state 
of filthiness in which these miserable 
Wretches were compelled to exist. They 
were crowded together in inclosnres like 
the sheep-pens of SmithfieM market, and 
the abominable stench and uncleauUnesf 
which were the consequence of such con^ 
iinement, may be more readily imagined 
than described. 

After a very short account of 
the principal pyranyd, Mr. X^, 
proceeds to say, that the' govern* 
ttient. of Egypt had enjoyed a 

greater degree of tranquillity ua- 
er the lidministration of the pre^ 
sent Pacha than for manv years 
■previous, and this change ne con- 
siders is entirely owing %o tiie vi- 
gorous measures adopted by thut 
officer, who from the huiAble sta- 
tion of captain of a pir&te boat has 
raised himself to his present rank; 
lie then quotes the Allowing pas- 
sage from^ the travels of the pre^ 
tended All Bey, descriptive oTthe 
state of the country at the time 
Mahomed All was elevated to the 
pachalik. 

D/uQ autre cdt^, Mahomed Alt, qui 
doit son ^Mvatioa an courage de ia 
troupes, tol^ ieurs exoda, et ne S9ait pas 
s'en repdre ind^pendant ; les Orands 
Sheiks d'aillQars, jouissant, sons cette 
espte de gouvernement, deplus d'Jnfln- 
ence et de liberty appnient de tovt kar 
ponvoir I9 3y»t^me eiistant. he soldat 
tivaaiuse; le bas-^peaple sooifitoi aali 
les grandane a'iCo reaasntBaayollwBat, 
etiaancUac mr^coftmeelieyeat. 



1817.3 LegfCs Narrative of a Jtmmey in Egypt. ^ 

le gonvememeot de Comt^ntinople, sans At wliat per^id the rest was removed, it 

^nengle pour tt«irJe pays dans une com- is impossible to say; but certainly uo 

plite sonmission, n'y » qn'une sorte de contract could hare beetf made more dis- 

•uzeraioet^, qui lui rajiporte de legeps advautageous to the British government, 

tnbsides, qn'il chercbe tons les ans k Instead of fixing April for the deliFery 

BQgBieiiter, par de nomrelles ruses, Le ofthecorn^ bad the following month of 

tris-petit nombre dc Mamlouchsqui res- May been appointed, which, as It appear- 

tent sont reikis dans la Haute Egypte, ed, would have been quite eariy enough; 

oa Afebemed Ali ne pent Prendre sa do- the harvest would have been got in, and 

minatloo, &c." Vol, ii. p, 237> Voyage* the wheat would not only have been much 

jr ^Ji B^* theaper, but greatly better in quality. 

We are now &voured with a ^* ^^^ ^*>™c ^.e ^eft Eg^jt, the com 

concise but clear account of those T «prouting in the impurities with 

^vu%. w MMv ^*c«t ai.^(#uui, V* t«wc ^jjjgjj jj ^^ mixed, and we saw it actu,- 

smffular people the Wahabees, ally smoking on board the transports 

and the vigorous measures adopt- which carried it away. 

cd by the Pacha for their suppres- Having obtained permission 

sion, the expences of which war- from the Pacha to hire a cangia, 

fere, Mr. L. affirms, were sup- ^our author sailed on the 13th Ja- 

]Mrted by the enormous profits de- j^^^y f^r Upper Egypt, and on 

med from Ae commerce in corn, the 2ist landing at Sie tillage of 

irtnch the Pacha carried on with Bennihassan, he visited the grot- 
the English government; the par- • toes of that place; from thence he 

tiGul^ of which transaction he proceeded to Sheikh Ababd6, the 

thus details— site of anpient Antinoe, the ruins 

An agfnt of the British government of which place he shottly describes 

whom we met at Alexandria on oiir first and then hastens to the splendid 

landing, and who was then on the point ^^i-ft^/^ ^i? •tf«,««^^^i;« «,Ki^i, K^ 

of returning to Gibraltar, had made a Por^ico of Hermopolis which he 

contract with the Pacba of Egypt for for- notices in a concise but satisnef 

ty tbousand ardebs,t equal to about se- tory manner. On die 26th Jamit^ 

yenty thousand quarters of corn, to sup- ary our travellers arrived at Siout, 

ply our troops m Spam. ^dch city h^ succeeded to Gir^ 

. The terms of the agreement were, that ' T v»i.jr. *«a qMvv«5c«B w 

eighty piastres should be paid per ardeb, g«"> ^ ^^^ capital Ol Upper 

and that the com should be delivered in f'^ypt) but although they did not 

the month of April at Alesandria. As witness the aarival of a caravan of 

soon as the Pacha Jad concluded this fa- glayeS from the interior of Africa^ 

▼onrable bargain^ he laid an embargo on i_^ i,„„ r«„«««^ „- «;*k ««««»<» w^mi 

all the boats upon the Nile and sent theui ^.^ ^ favour«l us with some pe?* 

into Upper Egypt for the corn, part of Uculars Of this horrid trafljc, m 

Which was ooUected in lieu of contribu- which we £bd the foQoWing ac* 

tions^ and the rest was bought of the fel- count, but 9T^ not inforined^ in a 

ifa^.?L''^'^lb'^str''irft Ba^f«8t<^.H«nHe. Why id wantoa 

the embargo, that it was with great dif- ^* Unprofitable cruelties, are per.- 

Acuity we could hire a boat to take us up petralied. 

to Cairo> and the moment' we arrived at j^ ^^ ^^„e ^f ^^ns lorig and tedious 

Boulawitwas seized by the government, journey, they suffer occasionally great 

The Pacha used such exertion m fulfil- hardships, and we were Informed tl«$ 

Img the conditions of his advantageous the Jelahs seized upon these periods of 

contract that the cori^ warf dehvered at aistress. arising from a scarcity of water 

Alexandrlaby the appointed tiiM;-but or provlsiolns, to perform the operation 

jt was not utitn the month pf Mav that ofemascnlatibn, which, according to olit 

zay transports arrived, and thej- car- informaiit, was done completely by th* 

ncd away only a fourth of th6 wholfj Entire removal of the genitals. Th« 

S'^aotity. wretches were afterwards buried in the 

In Jidy followii^, a. convoy tpok away aabd to -a certaiti d^pch/ and in this rude 

ten tfaousaml ardebi more* and H was by wanner the hemorrhage was stopped. The 

that oiportuiiity that we Uf^ t|ie country. ealoiilatiDb was, that one out of three ou^. 

• ^ ■ ■ •. ■ t ■ ; ' J . — ■ . . ., ' " T ly sttrvived tlie operation, whidi was pcr- 

''V.^SE^^ A« ^ *• J ^JT^^i!J^^ fctwd at « moment of distress, that f he 

SnlV^A^^^^'^^^ *i»e ^^ ^ oierchanti could best spare 

' 'fAnHEris iiiuil laitjtotctt imii*^Fi #fH t^ ^^^ slavct^ Tliek- la^tlidd of travettiiif 

Q2 



4t4i Legh^s NamAiae (^ 

wa$ to sling a dozen of the negroe^across 
the back of a camel. 

In passing Diospolis Parva (the 
modem How) our travellers fot 
the first time observed the croco* 
diles, the largest of which he says 
were about twenty-five feet in 
length, and at this place Ihey also 
felt the kamsin^ which is thus de- 
scribed :— 

While opposite Diospolis Parva, we ex- 
perienced a gale of the Kamtin, which, 
though we were on the water and conse- 
quently in a grekt measure protected from 
its violence, was still so ^rmidable in its 
effects, as to dispose us to give full credit 
to the aoctfunts of travellers, and, indeed, 
of entire caravans being overtaken antl 
buried in the sand by this destructive 
wind of the desert. The air became 
thick and cloudy, as if a storm of snow 
^ or sleet were coniing on, and we felt our 
eyes, ears and mouths filled with the fine 
particles of sand, which were raised and 
suspended in the atmosphere^ We suf- 
fered also in our food, for the pilau, 
which formed the great article of our sus- 
tenance, was rendered so gritty a» to be 
scarcely eatable; and on opeiiing our 
tnmks, which had beenclosed and locked, 
^e found considerable quantities of sand 
deposited between the folds of our linen. 

Proceeding on their journey, 
our travellers just notice landing 
at Thebes, but refer us to th6 
Travels of Denon and Mr. Hamil- 
ton's work for the details of this 
wonderful spot. On the eleventh 
of February they reached Essouan 
end paid a visit to the Arab go- 
▼emor of the town, for iJie pur- 
pose of inquiring into the possi- 
bility of proceeding beyond the 
Cataracts mto the country of thd 
Barfibras, and the information they 
obtained gave them great encou* 
ingement ; he then Quotes the fol- 
lowing accounts of tne failures and 
discouragements, which former 
tiBvellers have experienced who 
have attempted to penetrate into 
this country. 

" At Essouati, (says Browne, in his 
Travels into Africa,) I remained three 
4ays» oontrivuyg, if poisiUc, to punoe 
»y route up the Mil« 5 but a war ha^ng 
wn/xa betwera the Mamelukes of Upper 
£gypt and the Cacheff of Ibrlm» im> one 
was suffered to paaa from Egypt to Nu- 
pis : the <»raTaii« bad aU ]|ieeH«(o^edte 



a Journey in Egypt. ^ f Jai^ 

many months, and noteren acandoovill 
be procured. With deep regret for the 
disappointment in my earnest wish at 
proceeding to Abyssinia by this route, I 
was constrained to abandon all hope -for 
that season and. to think of retOTBiiiig^^? 
—p. 14a- 

Mr. Hamilton relates, that on his arri^ 
val at the Catlbacts he was deterred 'fh>m 
proceeding, by the accounts, he there re** 
ceived of the di£Bculty of the roads, and 
the inhospitable disposition of tiie iiiha> 
bitants ; he was told that they had not 
for a long time submitted to the Torks^ 
and had never acknowledged the sove^ 
reignty of the Mamehikes ; neither had 
they been visited by the French, and 
were resolutely determined to prevent the 
arrival of any foreigners. He adds, that 
the CacheflHi of the Berberi were formerly 
nominally dependent on the ¥k>rte, and 
remitted annually a tribute to Cairo, but 
that they threw off the yoke at the time 
the Beys'became mastei-s of Egypt. 
' Soleyman Caeheff, who died a few years 
ago, united the lesser chieftains under 
himself ; the country was quiet, and Mr« 
Hamilton thought that a cautious travel- 
ler might then have penetrated into Nu-- 
bia ; but at the time of his visit to the 
Cataracts, Elfi Bey was encamped in the 
neighbourhood, and dissuaded him from 
going farther. Mr. Hamilton justly ob- 
serves, that the Beys had an interest in 
increasing the difficulties of penetrating 
farther south than the Cataracts, as they 
look to a retreat in that country as their 
last resource in the event of a temporary 
expulsion frt>m Egypt. 

The boundary of the French expedition 
in Egypt Was marked on a granite rock a 
littfe above' the Cataracts ; and the obsti- 
nate resistance shewn by the inhabitants 
to the fentry of their troops into the isle 
of Phiks, and the jealous fear of strangers 
exhibited on that occasion, strengthened 
the idea of the difficulty of passing the 
Cataracts. No terms of accommodation 
would be listened to ; but when the na- 
tives were no longer able to prevent the 
approach of the enemy, they quitted the 
island in despair, and men, women and 
children were seen to plunge themselves 
into the Nile, and swim to the opposite 
shore. Mothers drowned their infants 
whom they could not carry away wi^ 
them, and mutilated their daughters, to 
preserve them from the violation of the 
conquerors. 

^* Lorsque j'entrai (says Denon) le leo- 
demaindans i'tle, je trouvai une petite 
fitle de 7 k 8 ans, k laquelle une coutnrt 
ihite avec autant de brutality que de crtt« 
aut6 avoit t\A tons les moyens de latis- 
faire au pins pressant besoin, et luf cau. 
>oit des convulsions horribles : ce ne frit 
qu'avec ime centre bpi&ratiou et on baia 
4Wi«flMlii 1*100 k 4»tte. WWttflSilli 



18170 ^^'^ NamOke ef 

p«cito ci€ftlare ifoi adttovt i lait jofie." 
-^Vol.ii.p.89. 

Norden, the onlj European who bad 
•unuooiited thew difficnltiesy gives the 
feUowing aocowat of the oonrersation he 
held with the Aga of Easonan, who en- 
deavoured, but in vain, to djasaade him 
tern hia attempt. *< Yon'll be all des- 
troyed," aaya he; ''you ape going not 
amongist men , but amongst savage beasts ; 
they would murder a man for a para. In 
what manner will they deal with .yon, 
who carry such treasures?*' Bnt when 
the traveller was determined to proceed, 
— '' Im-Sehalla 1** cried out the Aga, as he 
delivered passports to the dragoman of 
the party ; ** here, take the letters they 
have asked of me for the grandees; let 
them go in God's name: hut I am sorry 
those scoundrels should get so many fine 
things as you have with you." 

But our trayellers were fortu- 
nately more successful than their 
predecessors, and Mr* !». thus 
accounts for their suceess— 

On the other hand, the Shekh of Ea- 
aouan, with whom we had frequent con- 
versations on the subject, rather encou- 
raged than dissuaded us from the expedi- 
tion. He promised that his son ahonld 
aooompany ns, and engaged to procure fiir 
ns a smaller boat at Phils, as the o^e we 
bad brought from Csuro could not, at this 
time of the year, pass the Cataracts. We 
were probably indebted, in some measure, 
to the cupidity of the Shekh for the ea- 
geniess with which he promoted our voy- 
age, as be undertook to dispose of a quan- 
tity of salt which we brought with nsfrom 
Cairo, both as ballast \a our boat, and as 
merchandize. The prospect of the gain 
&e should derive from this transaction, 
induced him to hasten our departure as 
Boon as possible. 

During the few days they stayed 
at Essouan, they were employed 
in Yisiting the idands of Elephan- 
tina, Philiey and the Cataracts, 
which latter are thus noticed — 

80 much has been written on the Cata- 
racts of the Nile, that it may almost ap- 
pear superfluoQs to attempt any further 
description, if it were not that the vague 
and contradictory accounts of authors 
teem to call for some explanation. Eight 
Cataracts have been enumerated in the 
cotuse of the Nile, from its source in the 
Mountains of the Moon, to the last fall a 
little above Essouan, where the river Is 
about half a mile broad;' Norden esti- 
mates the ftitt at only four ilbet; and P6« 
eocfce even «o Iqw as three ^et. The 
Uttt^ indeed, o^his visit >o the Gata- 
tacts,iaks where they are ? and is sui- 
prizedW m»d be is tdoklog on them. ' ^ 



> tfosfw^ 111 E^tpt* 4o 

On tlie right baink of tfwiivar Acre af€ 
more obatadea from ro(^ islands than OB 
the left, on whidi side during the period 
of the inundation, (in September, for in- 
stance,) boats may sail up with a tolera- 
ble braeze from the N.W., cw be hauled 
op by a rope without- much difficulty. 
But there are modem tiavrilen who seem 
to have listened rather to the stories of 
the andent^ than to the evidence of thdr 
own senses: and Cicero is still quoted to 
prove that the inhabitants in the neigh- 
bonrhood of the Cataract are deafened by 
its noise. In confirmation of the fact, it 
has been latelv asserted that the natives 
of that part are remarkably dull of hearing. 

In order to understand the descriptions 
which are jpven in andent authors of the 
Cataracts, one must admit an almost iit- 
credible diange.in the bed of the river, or 
suppose that their accounts relate rather 
to the second Cataract at Genadil, whidi 
is said to be much more considerable than 
the one at Syene. We were at the Cata- 
racts at the time of year when the fall is 
the greatest, and certainly witnessed no- 
thmg which warrants the glowing colours 
in whidi they have been so often describ- 
ed ; but soch is the oonftision in the dif- 
ferent |ooounts, that it is more reasonable 
to suppose tfaiem greatly exaggerated. 
Perhaps a tolerably correct idea vrill be 
formed of the real appearance of these 
fidla, by the mention of the fact, that the 
boys of the neighbouring huts wouki at 
any time, for the reward of a para, dive 
into the most rapid cascade, when,- after 
disappearing pat a few seconds, their 
heads were again seen above the water^ 
at the distance of forty or fifty yards be* 
low. They were in the constant habit of 
diving also for the purposeof catching fish* 

At the same time it must be allowed 
that the view of the barrier whidi nature 
has placed between Nubia and Egypt is 
in the highest degree magnificent. 

The party now bid adieu to Es^ 
souan, and continue their journey 
into llie countiy of the Nubians^ 
troubled with a few anxious feel- 
insg, at the prospect of the under- 
taking, as by ventiuing beyond 
the Cataracts they were placing 
themselves beyond the authority 
of the Pacha cf Egjrpt. Proceed* 
ing up the Nile, they anchored at 
Siala, a small vill^e about eigh- 
teen miles above Fhilae; and the 
following morning were informed 
that it was necessary they should 
pay a visit to Douab Cacheff, tHio 
was encamped in the neighbour- 
hood with a con^derable p^rty* 
fonoiDg a kind of advanced guard 



of the Nubiims. The Shekh of So. As this conduct tmaiatOt \kentt 



E/ssouan had giren them a letter 
to the first tribe of Bar^bras they 
might meet, and they now set out 
to claim tlie protection of the 
Cacheff. We shall ventare to 
transcribe a description of their 
reception* 

On our arrival we found ,the men en- 
camped i)i wigwams, and the women and 
children statlontd apart in tents ; the 
whole body might be about 400 : their 
horses and camels were feediug around 
them. 

We sat an hour without the camp be- 
fore tlie Cacheffmade hU appearanpe, and 
in the mean time were surrounded by many 
of the Nubians, who expressed great sur- 
prise and curiosity at our appearance. From 
the time we were kept in suspense and the 
Apparent demur and delay ,*we were much/ 
afraid we should not be allowed to pro- 
deed ; but the Cacheff at length Appeared, 
and after having asilced us many questions, 



of the Datives of our peaceaUedispoiitiMi, 
theyceme afterwards and soldoswhat- 
•ever we wanted. At first they «Bked «b 
two or three paras' for an egg, bat after- 
wards we generftUy bought six for a pari. 
'fhUi dr^ of strangers arises from tbe 
ill-treatment dnd oppression to which tkfi^ 
are exposed from the Tarks, aad the free- 
dom from such tyraanical extortiofi sa^ 
ficiently explains the ttwuspectiiig stid 
friendly manners which we afierwardB 
uniformly ibund among the Barftbras. 

Hius succeeding by a falaitj^ 
without which it ajxpears thev 
could not have contimied l^etr 
route, they leH Siala and again set 
sail; but were we to notice the 
numerous ruins they examined as 
they passed up the river, it would 
"Bblt exceed our proper liniits ; we 
inust, therefore, refer the reader 
to the' work itself, and feel confi- 
dent that the antiquarian and the 



such as whence we came and the object of architect Will receive ample grdti- 
our voyage, he offered us coffee. As this ^^^^^^ .^ .^^ ^^^^^^^^ Speaking of 



As this 
was a token of peace, we began by giying 
him the letter we had brought from 
Kssouan ; and finding afterwards that he 
#as unable to read 'l^irkish, we Shewed 
him our Firman written in that language, 
which we persuaded him contained a per- 
mission from the Pacha of Kgypt to pene- 
trate as far as we pleased into the country 
above the Cataracts. Though the Nubi- 



Uie antiquity of these several rem- 
nants of former grandeur, .Mr^ Lt. 
compares them with the rums'be^ 
low th^ Cataracts m the following 
terms. 

The period of the construction of these 
Several edifices is a, matter of pure, con- 



ans consider themselves Indepcndant of jecture, but it may be observed, that the 

^ most striking difference between the tem- 

ples above and below the Cataracts, is the 
high state of preservation of the stone an^ 
outward walls of the latter, which have 
scarcely suffered from the ravages of time. 
— From this circumstance it might at first 
stght be sappoMed, that these remains in 
antiquity were posterior f o the temples in 
fgypc, but that .opintoti is not warranted 
^yaair other evidence. lt:wouldbedifh. 
cult indeed, with any reasonable allow^ 
ance of difference of date, to explain the 
superior preservation in which we fbund 



the Government of Egypt, yet they were 
desirous of remaining on friendly terms 
with the Pacha, and his supposed recom- 
mendation had, doubtless, its weight with 
the Cacheff, who appeared to make no ob- 
jection to our proceeding, and said' he 
iVonld send off an express to Dehr to in-r 
form Hassan Cacheff of our intended visit 
to Ms c|ipH93. He bfkrei us milk, fidur 
and butter, invited ns to eat out of the 
sanie bowl with hi m^ and' on taking our 
leave we di^sired hiih to send down to our 
b08t and w^ wd61d make hhn a presentf 



of jQoiee apd tOba^oo ; io retorii f^ w^Ml ^^^ temples ofNiMa, compared wttk tftbsi 



he afterwards se^t us a. she;^. We re-^ 
traced our steps, to the river« astonished 
and deU||hted at the irlendly recepttbu W^ 
hbd taet with, s^ dlffbreat from what wef 
bad been' led to expect, and even from 
^bat we had generi&y.e^p^Hen^d in Up-; 
per iSgypt. In oar jonune^ from C^'ro to 
Essouan, wherever we landed, which we 



below the Cataracts, and we must seek 
Cor tbe cause in the mild, unalterable cllf^ 
mate between the tropics. The corroding 
band of time has no effect upon them, but 
they are abandoned to the desert, an4 
many of tliem will in a few years entirely 
disappear. > 

. . ^ Oh their arrival at Dehr, which; 

i^^i^1t^JZi:^'Z'^l ^oh^rr^ fa rather . diWct 

Si^roattle into tbe devrt and the aio«». W^ ^ town, they ware under the 

i^as beyoad $ in tbsse oases our only necessity of paymg their respeetff 

resource was to attempt, if possible, to lay to HassaA Caehei^ the moat pow«* 

B^of oneof the<JiiW erful chieftain of the BvAnMi 

SSrSLl^aKir^^ and endeavour to obtaiB^wWol 

to give him some paras and then let bin pemussion 10 proceed, which atlef 



MB* difficulty they gained: The Hnen trowsers, wore i tarban, and h&d a 

bAsrnew is duis described. bownous thrown over lift shoulders : the 

^ . , only mark of anihority he carried about 

Our «pp^iautG« 8000 drew togetfaer d Wm was a rude iron truncheon, which he 

number of the natives, whp viewed us, the held in liis hand. After the first saluta- 

firat Europeans they had yet seen, with tion, we sat down, and they brought u« 

every mark of astonishment. 1 hough in coffee and pipes. Through the means of 

cooseqnence of the fwUval, many of them our dragoman, we began to open our busi: 

were drunk, they offered us no mcivihty, ness with the Cacheff, by first making him' 

bat we sat down under a rade sort of w, an olftr of a watch, several of which we 

Sf" "^ ?i v™^' ?w» "-"ted patiently had brought /rolm MaHa, for the puriiose 

*^.?'.?^J?^2^"**u"' •""'*?■'"!?' ef making presanta. The GacJieff thwSwd 

with ibe Cacheffi. In about an hour's us for our offer: but, as we were unable to 

time^ a Iai«e mesa was brought us con. faake him comprehend its use, declined 

•IstiiigofJ^ofbad paste, upon which Us accqitance. The way in which it wa» 

*?■ •.•"?*. i?..*^' w*?^'' ??'' •*""?" ««fi»ed, and tie great lUlmiration of our 

■wglnhottaitter. We mvited the people arms the night before, convinced uatbM 

about to partake of it, with which they we should obtain no facilities in tjw m^ 

^*^f'!Ul2&?jr'"'i!?'f^'S*!K^ secntion of our journey, without tliesiril 

■ark of good will and hospitality. By thw fice of one of our swirds. I accordingly 

S^i^L"!!?,!?"' "^Tf* '"'I'P''**} took off my own, which was a fine H 

!^.SLT.' "^ *5S »wn,and numbers had nascus Waae, of about 500 piasters valur. 

•oUecMd to see the Strang. Aftw wait- and approaching the Cachiff, requesM^ 

fag about fdur houn. the Cacheff came permission to throw it over ui. ^mat 

SjwiS.Uf:/"*"^'^*'!**"'? "'"^ ^« effect of this present WM K. 

^.tS. ^' ^..* °"J°1i; "^ "*«^ «■«"" 5 >■« ''as ^my pleased, and as. 

S^.i^^'f "f'jf"'*'''- "f,"*?*/** «imed the qiost Wendl? man^ He 

to be about twmty-five y«ars oW, sue feet asked me if I bad left my bai«m at the 

distil fton, dates He begi bf boisterl ^l^'^^SttZZSTZ ^ 

« C Z:J1)r^h*?''w'*^''S?i''''y «*«'«' ^e spoke to his^tSy, X 

SLl,^^™^''^ We replied we retired, and W)n returned with a negro 

Wwe come to pay pur respects to him, boy of about ten years old. On his^ 

^i^^^^^^^T" of antiquity with tniioe, the Cacheff called the slave to hS. 

wh«A his country *ounded.-He answer- spoke some words, and gave him hta hS 

« 1 ZnT-f ,*'*"* ™™"' '» ^' ^^ to ki"'- With evident iartaTagiaiSSu 

toiirTTOura^tr?.''"wf,j,""' '^%^^ approached me,kissedryhS 

HS"S"f ^i?>^^ ^^r;\^adttSrw.2S"t^ 

2 A^rt ^ Z}^^, "• **r*'' "' '- "W-^We dispositton of the CicSeff to Z 

^^^J^J^^^"^:.^ '^ '"'"°"' *" peat »^ re^Kst of goiiKto IMm! wh^ 

S,« i^^jT^r ^/.*'""* ^^ anoilbrwasmadeusofhorseSanddJomS 

ourseives in tne power of niuaii whom, ja^f^tf ^*m.j» *i.« ^ • i • «•*« t**wiMw^ 

Wefbund surrourded by more tharjSS teumTUXltJ^^^tC::^- 

armed o^ro slaves, ready to execute any w C^l ^^ti,fr^l^l^S^l 

order of capricious cruelty which lie might dal^n rismuKlhe town'T^^™^ 

,ire fa Ms present state of intoxication* .?hTcLrr^*Vs Tithe? rt^tf'XS 

BlU altbougb they fiuled at the ^^ regaled him with some English hr^- 

fcii visit, m seeond intervievr wad ^' ^? ^® ^^ amused himself wftK 

more ftaccewful. examining oto arw, and seenued-tapiqiM 

*^t«. hiinself. much uppn posaessing aa ,E»gM* 

Ear^yiothemoraingwe received a Yuut musket, which we had observed in hi| 

^0(B tjie secretary, who plaiaiy told ut Iwtjse in the morning. We shewed hii^ 

that hifl miiftter t^te Cacheff expected a <»t thermometers, and as it was quiti 

present, and hinted that one of our swords iBip<»aCble to give him . any iHeaof ifheir 

would be aocQptable. Wesaidweiixtewl- real use, we informed him they wcft-eiiu 

ad to have offieced him a watch, but that tended to shew the state of our health. 

We were miwillUig to part with our arms, It was equally diffiailt to explain to hini 

a« they mn abwlately aeccsaary to our the eagerness with which we ewtiirm 

•wence. Heieft us. ohaenrifiir that wA ' .' . 




^_^ , »^ ^^.p.« w w«v,.»« , • -I learned «ft^fwwds, Ont he had b«en thi 

WSk be woUd expect as at his hoase! u^^J^V^'^-i^^^ J^thtrof Htaaaii. «idtbai 

Jif^Hm ar.M«ilM*M;i ii*l • .?• ,. "wuse^ j^g had been .canicd eff from Ognaita-wbc*. ««ltf 

^i!#J!5^"^S?*® ^^ waited' Ottth^ •«« ycir. ojd? he M the^« enuffi r^T: 

thief, ind found Um smQiangat.tbe.eiid YuJS^Jil^^f "^IS ^*^^ J^'lJP 

«f a lODC dumber He wm HiwaapH In J^"?^*.***? ^^5** *5® to EngUnd, and he It now 



48 L^t Narraike qf a Jummeyin Eg/pt. {Jaw. 

after temples and ruins; and beseemed scanty meaps of sobpisiewet imd 
quite persuaded we were iu search of hid- heat of their climate, 
den treasures. He left us at nif ht, pro- 



mising to supply us with every thing 
requisite for our journey in the morning. 
The prospect of being permitted to go to 
Ibrtm, and possibly to the second C^tar- 
act^ gave us great satisfaction, and we 
could not but congratulate ourselves on 
the friendly disposition of the Cacheff. 

HaYing penetrated as far ad 
Ibrim, known to the ancients by 
the name of Premis, and distin- 
guished by the adjunct Parva, 
from another town of the same 
name much more remote, and now 
unknown, o'ur author determined 
to return for the following reasons. 

We remained at Ibrim a few hours ; 
Und giving up the idea of proceeding to 
the second or great Cataract, which we 
were told was situated three days to the 
South, finally resolved to retrace our 
Jteps. We received no encduragament 1o 
penetrate into a country where money 
began to be of little use, and provisions 
Tery scarce. At Dehr, the natives were 
vnwtlling to take money for fowls, 
eggs, &c. always asking us to give them 
com in jexchange ; but we had brought 
with us from Egypt a quantity of flour 
only sufficient for our own subsistence, 
not enough for the purposes of barter. 
The prospect of further discoveries was 
doubtful ; and it was difficult to ascertain 
bow far we might with safety proceed 
Witiiout fallinjif into the hands of the 
Mamelukes. 

Arriving atDakki they examined 
the Propylon and Temple, which 
tiiey report as beine quite perfect i 



In general they seem healthy, are quick 
in comprehension, and are greedily fond 
of money. The hair of the men is some* 
times frizzed at the sides, and stiffened 
with grease, 4o as perfectly to resemble 
the extraordinary projection on the head 
of the Sphinx. As to the women, they 
are in general very ugly, and never have 
the appearance of youth, but seem to pase 
immediately from childhood into a state 
of decrepitude, llie 'children go quite 
naked, the boys wearing round- their 
waists a small cord only, and the girls n 
sort of fringe, made of thin strips df 
leather, which is matted together with 
grease ; it is called rah&t in the language 
of the country, and is very similar in ap- 
pearance to the ornament hanging in front 
of the bridle, or before the breast, of to 
English charger*. 

- The men and women, in genital, wear 
(be same kind of dress as their Egyptian^ 
neighbours, willi the exception of the tm*" 
ban, which is seldom to be seen amongst* 
theBar&bras. 

^ Returning through^Thebes, thejr 
visited the mumm^i>it8y ofwhicn 
we have this description. 

From the Gates of the Kings wc return- 
ed by the valley, through which the road 
formerly lead from Thebes to the tombs,, 
and where still stands the Temple o£ 
Karnac. 

The whole of t^iis mountain bas^bees 
excavated : at each step an opening pre- 
sents Itselr ; and there is every appear- 
ance that here has been the general ceme- 
tery of Thebes. Many of these caverns 
are now converted into habitations by the 
present cultivators of the. plain, from 
whence they have been driven by the en* 



*«r#; rti-AAlr ;no/.*;«%fT/»%o »o/*/im1in<» cruachment* of the Nile, whose waters 

two Greek inscriptions, fecordmjHt ^^^ing the inundation (in consequence of 

tne devotion ot those wno nave vi- there being no canals to carry them otf) 

sited these sacred buildings, Mr; cover the whole of the flat country around. 

Itf. has copied. Our curiosity induced us, during our 

At Guerfah Hassan, about Dak- '^fy here, to descend into one of the mum- 

k: :-- .»^ ^« ^ «x J A 1^ i» n»y pits that abound in this neighbour- 

I, ui an excavated temple, of hid, but it would be dUBcult to'^oonvey 

which we are favoured with a very an adequate idea pf the disguat&ig scene 

circumstantial description; seve- of horror we had to encounter. Thee%* 

ralf other places which they visited trance was through a very narrow hole, 

on**their journey back to %ouan, "T'JL^'lllPJ?!^^^ 

^ ,.« '. I* J J 3 t. v^ made our way into a small room about 

are hkewise noticed, and w^ have sfteen feet long and six wide : beyond we 

also the followmg description of — — ' 

the Bar Abras* * There mc tefemt firagmenU of Egyptian ft^ 

nale Matnet in the Bri6sb MoMttin. to which tha 

With xesaect to the nersons of the thight of theflraretarestriaiedinamanoerthaS 

te«!lK ^SrV . P®!™' *" '°* niiw not unapfly be compared to the appearane* 

Barabras, the features of the men are ofthemhfltaaUhangaftomthtwaiatofaNuMaft 

lively, theur skin is sleek and fine, and siri* if aochnn opinion be not thotght too te»« 

th^ir tM»th an> hiKintlfnIlv «Kl*« T»i*It* ^"^ ^^* ^*^TI ^ oontidcred another intt^^we t^ 

tncir teetn are 5^t«j"ly white. Their y^ .^^ ^^ ^^ pecoliar method of wearing ih« 

colour, though dark, is Aill of life and hair IHxicd. and prqiecdngat the aldM. wbidlT 

Wood. They are remarkably thin, which •«»'• «» P»»« ^«^""i^^*''^LlS»2!SIS 

la perhapr to bt attribotad t^ their vj^l^^^^^-^m^^^^^ 



1817-)] LegVrNarratioe qfa Journey in Egypt. 49 

reached a chamber somewhat laii^er^ and This was probably the place into wfakA 

containing two rows of colnmns. The the Greek, Demetrius, had penetrated, 

walls were covered with paintings, and at and here we observed what he had de« 

the farther end stood two fnll length scribed, the fragments of the mum- 

ftatoes, male and female, dressed in very mies of crocodiles. We saw also great 

l^ay apparel, and having on the one side the numbers of bats flying about, and hang- 

iifruresof two boys, and on the other those ing from the roof of the chamber, 

of two girls. Whilst faoldioi? up my torch to examine 

The whole of this chamber was strewed the raolt, I accident^ly scorched one of 
with pieci'S of cloth, legs, arms, and them. I mention this trivial circumo 
beads of mummies, left in this condition stance, because afterwards it gave occa» 
by the Arabs who visit these places for mod to a most ridiculous, tboa^ to oa 
the purpose of rifiiug tbo bodies and car- very important discussion. So far the 
ryiug off the bituminous substances with story of the Greek was true, and it re* 
whidk tbey hare been embalmed. From maiued only to explore the galleries where 
the chamber above described, two passa- the Arabs had formerly taken refuge, 
ges lead into the interior and lower part and where, without doubt, were deposited 
of the mountain, and we penetrated about the mummies we were searching for. 
the distance of a hundred yards into that We had all of us torches, and our guides 
which appeared the longest. Slipping insisted upon our placing ourselves in 
and crawling amongst the various frag- such a way, that an Arab was before 
ments of these mutilated bodies, we were each of us. Though there appeared some- 
only able to save ourselves from falling by thing mysterious in this order of oiarch» 
catching bold of the leg, arm, or skull of we did not dispute with them, bnt pro- 
a mummy, some of which were lying on ceeded. We now entered a low gallery, 
the ground. Out many atill standing in the in which we continued for more than an 
niches where they had been originally hour, stooping or creeping as was necee- 
|>Iaced. sary, and following its windings, till at 

last it opened into a laige chamber* 

But at Manfalout they ventured which, after some time, we recognized 

into another excavation, which had ^ ^^^ o«e we had first entered, and from 

jiearly proved fatal to the whole f^^ '^'^^^ 5^V^"V Our conductors, 

«««* J^ '_ J _ J . ^ ^. however, denied that it was the same, but 

party; indeed so very interesting on our persisting in the assertion, agreed at 

28 the account of th^s expedition, last that it was, and confessed they had 

that we cannot forbear transcrib- missed their way the first time, but if w« 

ing it, notwithstanding its length. ^^^^^ ™^«^ another attempt they would 

D -o undertake to conduct us to the mmnmies* 

We were bent on going, and the Arabs Our curiosity was still unsatisfied ; w« 

At last undertook to be our guides for a had been wandering for more than an 

reward of twenty-five piastres. After au hour in low subterranean passages, and 

hour's mRrcb in the desert, we arrived at felt considerably fatigued by. the irksome- 

|he spot, which we found to be a pit or ness of the posture in which we had beea 

jfircular hole of ten feet in diameter, and obliged to move, and the heat of our 

About eighteen feet deep. We descended torches in those narrow smd low galleries, 

without difficulty, and the Arabs began but the Arabs spoke so confidently oC 

to strip, and proposed to us to do the succeeding in this second trial, that we 

same ; we partly, folio wed tlieir example, were induced once more to attend them, 

but kept on our trowsers and shirts. I We found the opening of the chamber 

had by me a brace of pocket pistols, which which we now approved guarded by a 

I concealed in my trowsers, to be pre^ trench of unknown depth, and wid« 

pared against any treacherous attempt of enough to require a good leap. The first 

Aur guides. It was now decided that Arab jumped the ditch, and we all foU 

three of the four Arabs should go with us, lowed him. Tite passage we entered way 

4vhile the other remained on the outside extremely small, and so low in soma 

of the cavern. The Abyssiuiau merchant places as to oblige us to crawl flat on the 

^ecliued going any farther. The sailors ground, and almost always on our hands 

remainetl also oii the outside to take care and knees. 'Hie intricacies of its windf 

Df our clothes. We formed therefore a ings resembled a labyrinth, and it termi-r 

party of six ; each was to be preceded by pated at length in a chamber much 

a guide— our toiiches were lighted— one smaller thap that which we had left, but, 

of the Arabs led the way,— and 1 followed like it, containing nothing to satisfy our 

him. curiosity. Our search hitherto had been 

We crept for seven or eight yards fruitless, but the mummies might nof. be 

through an opening at the bottom of the far distant; another effort, aud w^ might 

pit, which was partly choked up with the still be successful. 

4rllied sand of the desert, aud found our- The Arab whom I followed, and who 

ielves in a large ehamber aboot fifteen led the way, pow enter^ another gallery, 

"leet high. ' and we all continued to move in the sam9 

Ariati^ Joum.^^Qn U. Vqi.. III. H 



.».i' 



V wl 



50 . ^^h^ NarraJtioe of 

inanncraf before, each )>reoeded by a 
foid*. We bad not gone far before the 
faeat became excessive ; — for my own part 
1 found my breathing extremely difficult, 
my htad .began to ache most violently. 
And I had a most distressing sensation of 
fulness about the heart. 
* liVe felt we had gone too fav^ and yet 
were almost deprived of the power of 
fietiirning. At this moment the torch of 
the first Arab went out : I was close to 
him, and -saw him fall on his side ; he 
littered a groan — his legs were strongly 
iconvulied, and I heard a rattling noise 
in his throat — he was dead. The Arab 
liehind me, seeing the torch of his com- 
c>anion extinguished, and conceiving he 
liad stumbled, past me, advanced to 
lus assijtfance, and stoope^ I observed 
him appear faint, totter, and fall in a 
-moment—he also- was dead. The third 
V^rab eame forward, and made an effort to 
ilpproai^ the bodies, but stopped short. 
<We looked at each other in silent horror. 
«The dai%^ increased every instant ; our 
torches burnt faintly; our breathing be- 
•came more difficult ; our knees tottered 
pnder us, and we felt our strength' nearly 
gone. 

There was no time lb be lost — the 
AmeHcan,Bartfiow, cried to us to '*take 
cqijrage," and we began to move back as 
fast as we could. We heard the remain- 
ing Aral) shouting after us, calling us 
Oaffres, imploring our assistance, and 
upbraiding us with deserting him. But 
we were obliged to leave him to his fate, 
expecting every momeut to share it with 
him. The windings of the ; passages 
^hrongh which we had fome increased 
the difficulty of our escape; we might 
fflfke a wrong tum^ and never reach the 
great chamber we had first entered. Even 
aupposing we took the shortest road, it 
was but tpo probable our 3trengt|i would 
fiiil us before we arrived. We had each 
^f us separately and unknown to one 
another observed attentively the different 
chapes of the stones which projected into 
the galleries we had passed, so that each 
had an imperfect clue to the labyrinth we 
had now to retrace. We compared notes, 
aiid only on one occasion had a dispute, 
tbte Ataterican differing from my friend 
find myself; fn this dilemma we were 
determined by the majority, and fortu- 
nately were right. Exhausted with fia- 
tlgue and terror, we reached the edge of 
the dee^ trench which remained to be 
crossed before we got into the great 
thamber. Mustering all my strength, I 
ieaped, and was followed by the Ameri- 
can. Smelt stood on the brink, ready to 
drop with fiatigue. He called to ns " for 
Ood's sake to help him over the fosse, or 
at least to stop, if only for five minutes, 
to allow him time ix} recover his strength." 
It was impossible — to stay was d^ath, 
and we could not resist the 6stixt to push 



a Journey m Sgyf^* ^3jil^ 

on and reach the open air. We encotl«* 
raged him to summon all his force, and 
he cleared the trench. When we reached 
the open air it was one o'clock, and the 
heat in the sun about ido*. Our sailors., 
who were waiting tor us, had luckily a 
hardak* full of water, which they sprin* 
kied upon us, but though a little refkcsh- 
ed, it was not possible to elirab the sideft 
of the pit ; they unfolded their turbans, 
and slinging them round our bodies, drew 
us to the top. 

Onr appearance alone without our guides 
naturally astonished the Arab who had 
remained at the entrance of the cavern ; 
and he anxiously inquired for his hahttber- 
has, or friends. To have confessed they 
were dead would have excited s^spicioi^^ 
be would have supposed we had murdered 
them, aud have alarmed the inhabitants 
oi Amabdi, to pursue us and revenge the 
death of their friends. We replied there- 
fore they were comiug, and were employ*- 
ed in bringing out the mummies we had 
found, which was the ca&se of thei^ 
delay. 

During their residence at Mf- 
niat, at which place they were de- 
tained, in consequence of suspi* 
ciohs of die plague being at Cai^ 
TO ; they had an dppbrtunity to 
see the method practised by the 
natives, when attacked with the 
opthsdmia, which is sitnply as fol^ 
lows. 

When an Arab feels the first approadi 
of the symptoms of ioflammatiou, be 
binds a handkerchief round his eyes a» 
tightly as possible, and endeavours to 
exclude the Tight aud air with the greatest 
caution. At the end of three days and 
nights, the bandage is removed, and fre- 
quent bathing with cold water is after- 
Wards emplo)^ to complete the cure. 

My servant suffered considerably from 
an attack of the opthalmia, and found 
great relief from a small quantity of ex-« 
cessively fine powdewd sugar being intro- 
duced every night between the eye-lids^ 
a practice recommended to him by a 
Greek doctor, whom he had consulted at 
Slout. 

In his case the inflammatioA was ex^ 
cessive, and he compared the great paitk 
he suffered to the pungent sensation oo« 
casioned by the eyes being filled with the 
smoke of burning wood. As I have men- 
tioned one of the diseases of Egypt, I 
may add that the symptoms of syphUls 
are In this country extremely mild, and 
are generaHy cured by the simple use of 
the warm bath, and an attention ^ 
cleanliness, which is not at other times 
so strictly observed by the natives. 
■ » ■ ™* 

* The nanit of t^e ian, |P«^4t Kennc^ of po* 
rout ciurti^ <uid itfed to d)ol water. 



18170 Le^t Narrative of 

This is certainly a very simple, 
but we caim6t' imagine it to 'he a 
very successful mode of pnsiciicey 
and sufficiently proves the' low 
<^te of medtcai and surgical 
knowledge in those i^oiintrie^'; 
with respect to syphilis heing enur- 
ed simply by the warm* bath and 
attention to deanliness, we iire 
confident Mr. L? labours under a 
mistake, and'htts been led into this 
error, not from' any disregard to 
truth, or desire of deceiving others, 
but merely from not being well ac- 
quainted with the disease of which 
he is speaking ; had he written 
gonorrhcea instead of syphilis^ his 
statement would most likely have 
been correct. Instances are very 
frequent in this, and we believe in 
all other countries, of gonorhcea 
being cured by frequent washing 
and a strict attention to cleanh- 
ness ; but we have never yet heard 
of a well authenticated case of sy^ 
philis being subdued without mer- 
cuiy. We have not been thus 
particular with any idea of un4er- 
valuing Mr. L.'s observations, 
which we believe, in most instan- 
ces, are strictly correct, but mere- 
ly to elucidate an error into w^ich 
he had fallen. However, we are 
perfectly aware that ** nan onmes 
possumus omnia." 

We will now accompany our 
author to Boulac, near Old Cairo, 
^om which place he very shortly 
removed to Rosetta, where {he 
party were obliged to shut' them- 
selves up, on account of the 
plague; and as the precautions 
taken on this occasion are particu- 
larly detuled, and may not be un- 
acceptable to the reader, we shall 
transcribe them. 

Hie house we oocopied had doable 
doors, and In the space \iktiweeti thenr ^9e 
]Haeed two fei^ large jsrs filled with wa- 
ter, ivhidi was changed once ite the 24 
hours*; and havihg pn»y|ded ourselves al- 
so with a famigatlng box, to receive all 
WW letters, we hired a^ Arab for a piafi^ 
tre a day, to tution hiinself every mom- 
tog 'nnder oo^'wittdows, receive oiir or- 
>left,^d parchase 6hr protlsCotis. ' 
Withropect'to our bread; we took the 



aJottme^inEg^L 51 

precantion^)f never touching It till it was 
oool^ as His asoertairied that ih thatstHs 
it does not oomitiiiiiicafie the plague. Bven 
letters whicii hove been-flimlgafeed mnM 
be allowed to oool before theyare toodi^ 
ed. - •. . 

Our meat, whether beef or fowls, the 
latter hang previoosly pioclsed, #hs all 
thrown into the water jars, from which, 
after a certain interval, it was cantionsly 
takfte 'out by ohe bfoitf sbi^vants^' Who 



opened the Inher door for t|fe , ,._,,, 

In t^is m&hm^'we Hved for*sevK!ra| weelcs; 
witnessiof the most dfstressita^ sights-of 
deatB and disease' under oar windows*^ 
from wfticb'we bad 'fluent oppbrtoni- 
ties bf M^rvfng Milad(ir«>r the'ittagtie, Its 
It first seized upon Its unfortunate vic^ 
tims. As far as we could judge from 
their gestures, they appeared to suffer 
most, violent pains in the bead, and were 
lit the same *tiine Heiz&f ^hth Sriolent 
retdiings, and black vomiting. 

Having given this account of 
the measuries taken in the eoun* 
tries of the Mediterranean, fbr ar- 
resting the progress of this horfld 
malady, Mr. L. gives lis the fol- 
lowing detail of the system pur« 
sued by the Board of Health in 
England, and for thia'w^ are ceir- 
tainly much indebted to him, and 
hope it will be a means of stimu- 
lating that body to adopt a more 
consistent plan ;' the account Mr^ 
L. gives is tjB fo}lpw8« ' '_ ' • * 

Such was the plan of life we adopted ; 
and the success of our sbeaitaia of pt» 
caution abundantly proves thentHity and 
suiBcieiicy of the* usual quarantine vegd* 
latlons established tn the eouiitries of the 
Mediterranean, which are fireituentiyni* 
sited by the calamities of the' plagoe; 
But on our return to Bngland; it wastm* 
possible not' to smite at-'tlie insu flkJeue y y 
not to say absurdity, of tbefsystem'adopu 
ed in this coiiutry.' As We passed rtp tfii 
Channel, we were visited by the offioeM 
of the Board of Hehlth, ' and one of them 
coming' alongside our vet^j'picsenM 
the captain with a Blible,* requesthi^ hinl 
to swear to ' the truth of the answer^ Ut 
should make to his several questions, 'it 
was in vtdn w6 represented to him, that 
his taking the book adaihitom our hands 
would lie tb^ sdl^st' mea^ of dSmnimil^ 
eatih]^ ttfhim whktevertofectfdn wfevitj^ 
ohrselveii be labonHng mider ; he parslstt- 
ed in demifndlng our oomhlitoce witlf "A 
form which could net be'aispensed With^ 
and added. With ati alrof triumph,' ihat 
in the discharvft'of his dut^, he had htiAk 
self been on boSni several plagvo shipt» 
with Impunity, On thv'sattie ItocasiMh^ 

U2 '^ ' ' " 



'\t I i«\ »ii *\- 



v<t (t/m^ 



Si 



JDehate at the East India House. 



[Jau. 



another officer produced a number of 
queries, to which the captain of our ves- 
sel was required to give written answers, 
and wheu told nothing was so infectious 
as paper, he contented himself with re- 
plying, that the orders of the Privy 
Council were peremptory, and must be 
obeyed. 

We shall now proceed to the 
Appendix, which is an itinerary 
through Syria by Shekh Ibrahim. 
This is merely a list of the diffe- 
tent places visited by the shekh, 
and a few directions which maybe 



found serviceable to any future 
traveller ; but the most curioua 
and interesting part is an account 
of some fragments of Thebaic ma- 
nuscripts on leather, which consist 
entirely of legal instruments, deeds^ 
and conveyances of different kinds 
of property ; a fac-simile of part 
of these manuscripts is given at 
the commencement of the wprk, 
which will no doubt be particular* 
ly gratifying to the antiquarian* 



DEBATE AT THE EAST INDIA HOUSE. 



' Mast India House, Dee* 11, 1816. 

- A General Court of Proprietors of East' 
India Stock, was this day held at the 
Company's House, in Leadenhall Street, 
for the special purpose of laying, before 
the Proprietors, papers received from In- 
dia, respecting the progress and termi- 
nation of the war with Nepal, and re- 
solutions of thanks adopted, in conse- 
quence, by the Court of Directors. 

The minutes of the jlast court having, 
as usual, been read by the clerk — 

Th« Chairman (Thos. Reid, Esq.) said, 
he had to inform the court, that it was 
assembled for a special purpose— namely, 
to have papers laid before it, relative to 
the conimencement, progress, and termi- 
nation, of the Ittte war with the Nepa- 
lese government, atid a series of resolu- 
tions founded thereon ; which papers and 
resolutions had been for some time open 
to the inspection of the proprietors at the 
East India House. The dispatches were 
tery numerous — still, however, if the 
proprietors had not perused the whole of 
tbem, it would be quite agreeable to the 
directors to have them read at length ; 
but, as they had, for a very considerable 
period, been open to the examination of 
all those gentlemen who chose to look 
into them, perhaps the court would think 
that it was only necc^ary to have the 
concluding dispatches read, which were, 
undoubtedly, the most material. If gen- 
tlemen coincided in'*this opinion, the 
three letters, Nos. 11> 12, and 13, should 
be read. Thev contained an acoount of 
the progress of the war, from February 
last, and detailed thecircomstaaces which 
led to its conclusion. 

This suggestion being approved of, the 
clerk proceeded to read the documents. 
The first, which was dated Fort William 
tbe 2Ui February, 1816, was addres- 
sed by the QoTornor General in ooua- 



dL to' the honourable the secret com-* 
mittee. It adverted to a former dispatch, 
in which the uccci>&ity of resuming, hos^ 
tilities against the state of Nepaul, in 
consequence of that government haviug" 
refused to ratify the treaty which had 
been entered into with colonel ^radshaw^ 
was stated. It then went on to detail 
the successes of the force employed by 
Major-general Sir David Orhterlony, up 
to the date of the dispatch, in this second 
campaign against the Goerkabs— ani^ 
madverted on the conduct of one of the 
oflScers engaged in the expedition— and 
related certain political negociationb which 
the prosperous state of the war had pro- 
duced. 

Mr. Dtjpon inquired, whether, in this 
dispatch, a strong observation was not 
thrown out against an officer in the Com- 
pany's service ? 

• The Chairman answered, that certain- 
ly something was said against a particular 
individual. 

The second dispatch was dated, Fori 
William, the llth of March, 1816. It 
detailed the successful progress of the 
war up to the scscond of that month, and 
stated the effects which the superiority of 
the British arms had at that time produ- 
ced on the Nepalese government. 

The third dispatch was dated Fort 
Wtlliara, March 30, 181€. It set forth, 
that, in 'consequence of the signal suc- 
cesses obtained by the Company's forces 
over those of the enemy, it was deemed 
expedient to transmit an account of then 
by the ship Malabar, without delay. It 
then went into a minute history of those 
successes, wliich the courage and perse- 
verance of the British and native troops, 
directed by the genius of Sir David Och- 
terlony, had achieved. The victories over 
the enemy on the 28th of February and 
the Ist of March, had a powerful effect 



1817.3 

on the conduct of the Nepalese govern- 
ment. They found it vain to contend 
against British skill and valour — and 
they sued for an accommodation. After 
some negociation, Sir David Ochterlony 
agreed to grant them peace on the terms 
contained in the treaty that had been pre- 
viously concluded with Lieutenant Colo- 
nel Bradshaw, and ratified by the Vakeels. 
This treaty, without any relaxation of its 
previsions, was now ratified by the rajah 
of Nepaul. The dispatch then took a 
succinct view of the circumstances that 
led to this event. In the last battle, it 
stated, the enemy brought three thou- 
sand men into the field, of whom eight 
hundred were known to be killed and 
wounded ; amongst whom were many of- 
ficers. This campaign, though short, 
was completely decisive ; and, on no oc- 
casion had the perseverance, fortitude, 
and bravery of the British soldier, appear- 
ed to greater advantage. It had been 
deemed advisable to treat the Nepal go- 
vernment leniently, for two reasons- 
first, because if they were too much hu- 
miliated, their feelings might be roused 
to a pitch of desperation, that might be 



Debate at the East India House. 



6i 



the Mysore territory in 1803-4 and 1804^. 
A very superior degree of economy was 
manifested in the proceedings during the 
Nepal war ^ although, from ti^ moun« 
tainous nature of the country, every arti- 
cle was obliged to be carried at a great 
expense, and the coldness of the climate 
rendered it necessary to supply the sepoys 
with warm clothing. Notwithstanding 
these disadvantages, it would appear from 
the documents aooompanying this dis- 
patch, that the Nepalese campaigns cost 
less, by five and a half lack of rupeeSi^ 
than that of 1803^, and, by twenty-six 
and a half lack of rupees, than that of 
1804-5.** 

The dispatches having been gone 
through— 

The Chairman rose and said, that his 
powers were not adequate to express the 
sentiments he entertained oi the glorious 
work which had been achieved, and the 
high opinion he cherished of the Cover* 
nor-general, and of the various individu- 
als engaged under him on this most im- 
portant occasion. He should therefore^ 
refraun from a task, which, he was con- 
vinced, he could not execute successfully 



productive of disastrous consequences— —and he should merely refer to the mo- 



and next, because if the war had been 
continued, an enormous expense would 
have been incurred, without any com- 
mensurate benefits The council, there- 
fore, expressed their perfect concurrence 
in the decision, come to by Sir David Och- 
terlony, in preferring peace to the farther 
continnance of the war. The dispatch 
then referred to a general order, which 
promulgated , to the army at ]ai*ge, the 
high sense entertained by the Command- 
er-in.chief, of the meiits by which the 
career of Sir Darid Ochterlony was dis- 
tinguished, and of the discipline and 
courage manifested by the European and 
native troops throughout the contest ; — 
and suggested the propriety of rewarding 
their exertions, by giving silver medals to 
the officers, aud such of the privates as 
were recommended for their particular 
gallantry. The humiliation aud discomfi- 
ture (obsen-ed the council) of a proud 
and high-minded people, like the Goor- 
kahs, would doubtless, for a time, fill 
them with augry feelings, and render 
them desirous of recovering what they 
had lost, yet they saw no reason to be- 
lieve, but that a firm and conciliatory line 
of conduct, on the part of the British, 
would e^Bctually prevent the existing 
amicable relatione between the Company 
and the Nepal government, from being 
disturbed. Before they closed this dis- 
natch, they were anxious to call the at- 
tention of the Company to the system of 
economy which bad been adhered to du- 
ring the war. This would be evident, hy 
contrasting the- two campaigns against 
the Nepalese, with those carried on in 



tions of thanks which he should. have the 
honour of proposing, to the Governor-ge- 
neral and all those who had contributed 
to the glorious termination of an arduous 
contest. He trusted, however, he might 
be permitted to say, that, in his opinion, 
the abilities displayed by those who had 
been employed on this occasion, from the 
Governor-general, downwards, were ot 
so transcendant a nature, that no terms 
of praise could reach them. — (Hear ^ 
hear IJ 

The clerk then read the following re- 
solution : — 

'' At a Court of Directors, held on 
Wednesday, the 20th November, 1816, ift 
was, on several motions, 

" Resolved unanimously, That the 
thanks of this court be given to the Earl 
of Moira, K. G., Governor-General and 
Commander-in-chief, for the prudence^ 
energy, and ability, combined with a ju- 
dicious application of the resources of the 
Company, displayed by his lordship in 
planning and directing the op^tions of 
the late war against the NepaljbSy un* 
dertakeu in consequence of a persevering 
system of encroachment and insult on 
their part ; and also for his wisdom and 
moderation, in availing himself of the 
successes obtained by the army, for con* 
eluding a peace with the Ghorka power, 
on terms both honorable and advantage- 
ous. 

** Resolved jnaaimously. That the 
thanks of this court be given to M^or 
General Sir David Ochterlony, Bart, and 
K. C. B., tor the. vigor, judgment, and 
effect^ with which he personally conduct^ 



^ Debate ai thai Eoff India Itou^* 

ed the operations of the force under his 
command on' air occasions^ and partica- 
larljf, in the last campaign, the manage- 
ment of which, and of the suhsequent 
negotiation, was with great propriety en- 
trusted to him, in testimony of the confi- 
dence dae to his experienced merits and 
well acquired distinction. 

*' Resolved unahimoHsly, That the 
Chanks of this court he given to all the 
officers, hoth European and native, he«> 
longing to the army which served in the 
Nepal war, for their gallant and merito- 
sious service during the last war.— Aho 
that the court doth highly approve and 
acknowledge'the services of the non-com- 
missioned officers and private soldiers, 
both European and native, who were em- 
ployed in the late war; and that the 
fhanks of the court he signified to them 
by the officers of their respective corps, as 
Well for their patience under unpsual fa- 
fil^es, and their cheerful endurance of 
privations, as for their valor bnd intrepi- 
dity in presence of the enemy." 
- The Chairman — << Gentlemen what 
has been read, just now, is the resolution 
4tf the court of directors ; but it becomes 
necessary that this court should escpress 
its opinion of the merits of the Governor- 
general — I beg leave, therefore, to move, 
* that the resolniioin be approved of by 
thh court/" 

Mr. Hume observed, that the Gover- 
nor-general had recently been created a 
Httrquis ; and he suggested, whether, in 
point of form, it would not be proper to 



however, he must particularly observe,— 
that, according to all 6>rmer pr6eeedlng« 
of this nature, as far as ever he recol- 
lected, or his researdi had gone^ the 
proprietors never before had been called 
on at the conclusion of a war to agree td 
so dry, naked, and circumscribed a reso- 
hniou, as that now sbbmittied by the 
Directors to thcoourt. It had been cus- 
tomary to state the general line of policy 
and conduct of the individual praisnl, in- 
stead of selecting a single insi^lated act 
of his government, as calling for their 
thanks and apprdbation. In the case of 
Warren Hastings, the Marquis Wellesley, 
Lord Hobart, and various other Gover- 
nors-general, a dmded sentiment appear- 
ed to have prevailed in this court, that an 
enlarged view of the policy and conduct of 
the individual should be brought before 
the court, in order to influence them in 
coming to a particular vote on his merits. 
The vote proposed thanks for planning 
and conducting the war, without advert- 
ing to its justice or policy. He, for one, 
candidly avowed, whatever his opinions 
otherwise of the Marquis of Hastings had 
been, and 'now were, that, in his view of 
the subject this resolution did not go td 
the extent, which, if the court agreed to 
any resolution, he should be disposed to 
proceed. It was a matter of great con- 
sequence to every servant in India, and 
particularly when placed in the high si- 
tuation which he filled, and acting zea- 
lously and to the best of his abilities, that 
the'whole of his conduct should be fair- 



itife him Marquis of Hastings instead of ly viewed. Tlie noble Marqnis in his 



Harl of Moird T 

The Chairman-^** I am much obliged 
to the hon. proprietor for his suggestion. 
The aUeration shall be made." 

The motion, which was seconded by 
the Deputy-Chairman, having been put in 
due form-*- 

Mr. Hume rose and said, he hoped the 
court would allow him a few minutes to 
Itate his sentiments shortly on this ques- 
tion, fie had not intended t6 bave offered 



dispatches, fully justified the policy 
and necessity of the war, and he had 
anxiously entreated the Court of Direc- 
tors* opinion and approbation of his con- 
duct. It appeared,' in every line of the 
noble Marquis's dispatches, that he fett 
tb6 strongest desire to carry into e^ett 
levery thing that he thought could be con- 
ducive to the interest of the Company ; 
and, when this disposition was manifest, 
they ought, in justice, to takeagenertf 



himself so early to the notice Of the pro- view of what his conduct liad been ; not 

prietors, if any Qther gentleman had shewn only In conducting, but in beginning thA 

a disposition to address the court. He war ; and afterwards judge favourably, or 

eertai^Iy had expected and wished that a otherwise, of his proceeding in general, 

business of this nature should not pass the as well as, Jn this particular instance. 



ODurt, as a nliere matter of course, with- 
out any observation whatever froili either 
^e mover iof^ seconder of the resolution, 
on its inerlts ; and yet he felt a difficulty, 
in rising on this occasion,\ to determine 
what observations he should oflfbr — what 
topics he should select--ln speaking on 
a Subject that appeared to him to com- 
prehend a variety of points exti*emely in- 
teresting. His ideas were more extended 
—they embraced a greater variety of mat- 



He, along with many other members of 
the court, always felt a high degi^eof 
pleasure in being able to stand forward 
to praise the officers of the Company fof 
chdr exertions abroad, and to confer oil 
them Such approbation, as they might 
fairly deserve $ but, with that favourable 
disposition, he could not help feeling, 
that on this occasion, the achi'evemetflft 
in Nepal seemed to be rated too hi^itf 
by tfa6 noble Marquis. There was; in 



ter than the resolution which the Chair- his opinion, throughout the whole of the 
man had just moved, would, with pro- correspondence, an evident attempt f^ 
prie^y, permit him to state. One thing, magnify Hie proceeding against Nepal, 



1817.I} DAate at the East India House, 5S 

to a degree far exceeding what they de- who were engaged in the Ne|Nil inut, 

•erred. The last paraagraphs in the dis^ and he was well oonviooed tfaef were 

patch of the SOth of March, appeared to incapable of acting otherwise tliaii brave- 

pnt the Nepal war on a level with the ly ; but, in reading xtnr the papen,1ie 

memorable contest of Marquis Wellesley^s had been unable to discover or diserimi- 

agaihst the whole Mahratta empire. He nate which was the ablest and most eflld « 

.considered it most preposterous to put ent officer.- Whether Sir David Ochter* 

the two contests on a level. The pro- lony, or Colonels Kelly, O'HaUeron, or 

oeedings against Nepal were trivial and Nichdlis, or Ciqitain Latter, were tbfr 

.nnfortanate, when compared with the most effective commander, oooid not be 

brilliant and socoessfdl campaigns of collected from the dispatches— for all were 

180S-4 against the whole power of India, praised alike. There was, in iact, a snper- 

.Snpposing, to take Earl Moira's own abundance of bombast and panegyric. He 

atatement, the entire body of forces op- stated this that the public might not be 

nosed to us in the late contest to amount led away by £alse impressions. He thought 

to from twelve to sixteen thousand men, they onght to be aware of what had realhr 

.(and it never during the war exceeded been done, and not suffered to suppose 

-the latter number] to attempt to com- that there was so much ciedit due (6r 

pare such a contest in all its circum- wielding the whole power of the Britlih 

.atanecH, even admitting all the difll- empire in India against a petty state Hie 

cnlties of tlie country, with one in which would most willii^ly give tbanks whefe 

two hundred thousand men were in they were due — ^bnt he would not permit 

arms. Marquis Wellesley brought 54,918 himself or .the public to be blinded by the 

men, in admirable co-operatidn, into the exaggerated statements which had already 

fieldtiu August 1803, to meet the whole been disseminated. Arduous, undoubted- 

Maharatta force, to the extent I have ly, had been the duty of the governor* 

mentioned, well appointed, with upwards general ; but when — (and here he to(dt 

i»f seven hundred pieces of cannon, stores, the noble marquis's own details on th« 

&c. and conquered an honourable and very subject) — he had forty-fire thousand* men 

advantageous peace with Berar and Scio- in arms arrayed against fourteen or sixte^ 

dia, in a most brilliant and unparallelled thousand, he was disposed, after taking - 

laimpaign of four months ; and in the into consideration all the circumstance 

•course of which five hundred and twenty- of* the country, to lessen the greatness Of 

seven pieces of artillery were absolutely the enterprise which had been carried db 

taken in the field from the powers against in the Ndpalese territory. Though thefe 

.whom we fought ;— whilst F ari Mbira, by observations might seem, to some person^, 

Jiis own account, brought into the field to detract from the merits of the nobte 

44,975 men, and eighty-eight guns, marquis, yet it was only when compared 

i«gaittst 12 or 16,000 men, with scarcely to the war of 1803, the motion had 

.a gun or regularly armed man. To at- his cordial assent. Indeed he would wiU 

ten^ a comparison between these cam- lingly have gone farther. He should haVo 

INtigBS, was going moch farther than the been glad, had the court of diiectors so 

occasion warranted. Besides, the noble fram^ the resolutions, to have thanked 

puirquis was, in the resolution now pro- the noble marquis for the poUoy'of hia 

posed, thanked for the promptitude and proceedings. SettJi^ aside his bombastic 

energy with which he called the resourpes and indiscriminate panegyrics, he conoeiv« 

.the Company into effect. But could this ed that the lineof policy which he adOptM, 

exertion of the Company's resources deserved more praise thsm his coildttct of 

Jigainat a body of twelve or fourteen the war. He was aware that sdme iadi- 

thousand men, be compared with the ridoals differed from hhn on this point' ^ 

efforts that it was foundnecessary to make, but he was well assured that, if atek- 

when the whole power of India was com- porising policy had been longer poMued 

hined against os, and our resources were by his predecessors,, there were tttMy 

jiot in men or money near so great as tlioy chiefs on the exteusive Indian frontiMiak 

are at present .> He observed, by the dis- who would have taken immediate advaft- 

IMtches, that the noble marquis thanked a tage of it. It was his opinion that no out- 

«maU party, (he believed a seijeant and j i . . ■■> . ■■ ^ ' 'i ^ 

fourteen men] for their successin an enter- fed^SSITwi?" ^* "** ****** °' ' 

priie. One of his first acts was 10 thank , 8« . . »«rt,io,- 

this individual in the most glowing terms, G«n. Oditeri<my»tPet«chto«t!Tm and 'JJB 

out It must be remembered, that it ww, <3cb. GiUttpie*t do. ic^im m^ 

.perhaps, the only success of thefiwt cam. g^J'.lKX''. dS'. t^ «* 

'paigD, amidst a series of reverses.. Indeed, c«pc« Lsttcv** do. 9,79$ 

jbe (Mr, Humii) thought, that at all times ' *«--r- 

tbe noble marqnin seemed to lavish his ^Sti 

fraiie without suffldent ditcriminatioa, — - 

h^S^Z Dand pchu^rluny, by .cha- ^,,^ ^ ^^^tSSSinS^oiuimU, 

Yacter^aadmany other officers personally, ooiand^yt, 4c ^^ "^ 



^ Debate at the East India House, TJait* 

fage against tlie Company should ever be hundred inclosures, being about one huu- 
suffered to pas's unnoticed. The British dred indosures for every working day, 
government in India ought not to sit during which the papers had been 
down quietly, and calculate what degree open to inspection, it was, conse- 
of insult should be received before hostile quently, quite impossible to get through 
measures were resorted to ; — they should them in a satisfectory manner ; and, 
- take especial care that no insult, however therefore, in coming to this vote, he, fat 
trifling, should be suffered to pass with one, would give his suffrage in support of 
impunity. When Marquis Wellesley was the resolution, in the full confidence that 
at the head of the Indian government, he the court of director^ had read and coo- 
caused it to be so highly respected, that a sidered the papers. Under existing cir- 
singlemessengermight travel from one end cumstances, he could not act from his 
of India to the other, as a servant of the own immediate conviction, because the 
Company, and acting under the orders of the time had not allowed him to read the 
the great marquis, without the slightest whole of the papers : he could not form, 
molestation. That time was one of energy an opinion; and, he believed, that no 
trnd glory worthy of the British name, gentleman before the bar had perused 
The honourable proprietor hoped that them. That court, however, always placed 
the vote of thanks would be carried a certain degree of confidence in their exe- 
unanimously. He fully concurred in the cutive; and the present was oneoftho^tt 
tesolutiou of the court of directors, and instances in which that confidence was 
would go with them to the full extent of particularly called for. Not having the 
that resolution. -He was disposed to agree opportunity of coming to a decision by ft 
to it on this account :^that he (Lord ])erusal of the papers, as the court of di- 
Moira) had resented insults offered jto the rectoi-s had done, he was ready to vote for 
.English government, and had nobly pnu- the resolution, believing that they had 
ished them ; whilst the governors before considered the subject seriously before 
had allowed them to tarnish the British they submitted it to the proprietors. On 
character. Whatever opinions might be a former occasion, not less than a year ago, 
IbrmedyWhatever sentiments might prevail, an honourable and learned friend of his 
relative to their policy in originally pos- (Mr. R.Jackson)moved,that€ertain papers 
iSessing India, the true principle on which connected with the first campaign of the 
they ought now to act, he took to be this, Nepal war, it having then terminatedv 
And he was ready to declare it — that, should be printed, and laid before the 
having India under their control, they court of proprietors, in order that they 
must endeavour to retain it. Therefore, might be carefully perused preparatory 
he contended, that, possessing India — to their being taken into consideration, 
being masters of a territory great beyond On that occasion a learned gentleman 
all expectation, and which might become (Mr. H. Twiss) stepped forward, with 
litill greater by. proper and judicious what prudence or propriety he could now 
management, they ought not to suf- best explain, and opposed the motion, 
ler a want of .energy to threaten the That gentleman would not hear of the 
safety of those dominions. He was of production of papers by ingtaiments^- aa 
opinion, that if they (speaking with all he expressed himself. He, forsooth, did 
due submission of the Company) permitted not see the propriety of having the papers 
the natives of India, in any way, to lose in time to peruse and imdci*stand them, 
the respect they ought to pay, to lose bat would have them altogether. They 
their confidence in, or to throw aside their had at l^gth been presented, in a mass, 
good opinion of, the Company ;—nay, to the inspection of the proprietors, and 
be would say, if the surrounding chiefs he called on the learned gentleman to 
ceased to look with fear and dread on state, whether he had perused them ? 
the British government — ^the moment that He was sore he had scarcely had time to 
principle was departed from, circum- peruse more than one half of them— -H 
ctances would soon prove that their power was even a doubt with him (Mr. H.) if 
was gone, and that they were hastening th'at learned gentleman had ever gone to 
to ruin and decay. He, • therefore, con- look at them, now that they were at his 
tended that the noble marquis who sup- service. The then chairman, (Charles 
ported this principle with energy and Grant, Esq.) whatever opposition he 
promptness, deserved much more credit might have given to the production of 
and honour for taking up, with spirit, the other documents, stated, that he for one 
Insults which the Nepalese government had no objection to the printing of the 
had perpetrated, than for any of the sub- papers in question, provided the dis* 
•equent proceedings. Here he found it patches from the court of directors to 
necessary to observe*, that it was n»t Lord Moira were tdso printed. But the 
possible for the proprietors, in the short learned gentleman (Mr. Twiss), who was 
apace of seven or eight days, allowed them so well versed in the affairs of the court, 
by the notice, to read over all the dis- came forward to prevent the productioa 
||atchef ^ thc^ cODlaUied six; py s^^^a of papeiv by imtaiments. He oppose^ 



IW7.:] 



DOfge ^a iJie Eaa 2»Ha Oamtt. 



m 



fcfmself to the great experience of hia 
learned frieod Mr. Jackson who moved 
for the papers, whose absence on tbe 
present occasion be greatly regretted, and 
kis motion was by an unexpected vote of 
this court then negatived. He was ex- 
tremely sorry that his learned friend 
was at present engaged on very important 
business, in the sessions where he pre- 
sided ; — he was employed on a most use- 
fid regulation relating to county aflisirs, 
and therefore could not attend tbe courts 
Had he been present, he would have point- 
ed out, with his usual eloquence, the mis- 
chievous consequences which had been 
produced by tlie refassd to accede to his 
Tery reasonable and proper motion. He 
«oold not, however, avoid saying, with 
respect to his learned fiiend, that his pros- 
position had been treated in an extremely 
illiberal way— in a manner that tended 
to cbedc the proprietors hi their endea- 
vours to proctu^ necessary information. 
The amendment of the learned gentleman 
(Mr. Twiss), after the original motion of 
Mr. Jackson had been acceded in and 
corrected by die Chairman, had in a 
strange manner defeated the motion of 
his learned friend. But if they had then 
lieeti furnished . with the documents cal- 
led f|)r ; if the learned gentfeman had 
not mterfereo, and occasioned a vote 
against them— >the proprietoi? would now 
have been in perfect possession of thfs 
object.. Had they received the docu- 
ments by itutahnentt, against which mode 
the leaVned gentleman had expressed him- 
self so strongly, they would have, bad an 
opportunity of reading them ; and they 
wi^d now have come forward prepa(red 
to give a vote founded on the conviction 
of their own minds, instead of being 
obliged to act in the confidence they 
placed in their executive body. They 
were brought into this dilemma by the 
interference of the learned gentlemSin ; 
and he now might get out of it in the best 
manner he could. The vote in that case 
would have been the rote of the general 
court, and consequently honorable to the 
noble marquis ; but, at present, the reso- 
lution proposed cnu?d only in fact be con- 
sidered as that of the court of directors. 
He meant not to say, that the intention 
of the learned gentleman was otherwise 
than good ; but he hoped it would in- 
duce him (Mr. T.) to pause before he 
again opposed the motions of his learned 
•friend (Mr. Jackson), and he would- now 
be able to judge of the propriety and 
exiicdie'ncy of bringing forward, all at 
once, a mass of information, through 
which human industry could not proceed 
ItguKlrly and deliberately, unless a very 
extended period were allowed for that 
purpose. Now, though he had expressly 
statcii his determination to vote for the 
retolo^on of thanks ; yet he thot^ht th^tj, 

Asiatic Joum^'^^0* 13. 



in jdstice to the gaffenar'ifmeanl, Oc 
policy of the war ought to have been 
noticed. In jnstice to the charaeCer of the 
Company, the paMic should have been im- 
pressed with the feeling, that, m carryiog 
on the war, the Indian gowemmneat had 
acted on the parest and best prlndpla, 
that of securing the safety of oar terri- 
tories, and of keeph^ up the ghwy, tbe 
honour, and the greatness of the Britisli 
name. The British poblic were too ready 
to believe statements of injury done b^* 
the East la^a Company, aad it was tat 
justice to ourselves and to tbe gotretif- 
raent in India, to prevent any sudi im- 
proper impression. As the eouit of di- 
rectors had not, however, goae into tbe 
subject, it would not be deoorOtts for him 
to dwell on it much longer, ahhoaghit 
afforded an ample field for observatioa. 
He hoped, however, the time was not fiur 
distant, when they would take into their 
serious consideration^ In justice to tbe 
noble marquis, the policy whidi had 
marked his proceedin^^. He was most 
anxious that the causes which led to the 
tvar should be clearly understood ; and 
he was quite ready to go into the dis- 
cussion of that subject, a fair examina- 
tion of which woutd redound greatly to 
the honour of the noble marquis, and 
perhaps dispel a cloud which h4ng over 
his character. He knew what an effietot 
was produced in England when indivi- 
duals spoke, in iltrong langu^e, aboat 
the desire of encroachment on the jiart of 
governors in India. But when the civil pro- 
ceedings which took place in England were. 
confounded with the military'proceedingt 
in India; when the different relative slta- 
ation df the two countries was lout sight, 
of— it was impossible that correct deduc-L 
tions could be made. Iliose who aigaed 
in this way, an erroneous doty, doubtless, 
believed that they were right. They saw 
the subject in a dvil point of view, whitet 
it was suTvej'ed, as he contested it only 
could be, in a military point of view by 
himself and others. The one party looked 
to the civil rights of the subject hi Eag- 
laud ; the other fixed their attention on 
the military rights of the Company in 
India. The basis of the gOvertraient in 
England is cieil, and the military is an in- 
novation ; — the basis of the government 
in India is military, and the civil is inno- 
vation. Having stated thiis mndiV, which 
was not, perhaps, altogether pertinent 
to the motion before the «mFt, but 
which, he thought, might be' excused, 
as, in his opinion, it ought to be distinctly 
known within doorS and without doors, 
that the. Company were not acting oft the 
principle adopted by a great Enropilvi 
chief, who attacked his* neighlfeurs with- 
out reason or necessity — he''sfeoulff*not 
occupy the time of the Court much'ftftgei- j 
but he must say, that had iiA noble mzbr- - 



$i DihaU at the Eoi^ India Bouse^ t^xm^ 

qais paeMWd a course different from that their territories in India* The moment 
wluchba had adopted; had he, like some any British governor in India allowed the 
of his predeoessors, Sir G. Barlow and character of England to he. tarnished ; the 
4^01x1 Minto, declined resisting the unjust moment any thing like weakness api- 
conduct of the enemy, wherehy they com- peared — the snrroauding chiefs would 
promised the dignity and honour of the take advantage of the circumstance— eacb 
Company — he would have been ready to would, in his turn, insult the Company— 
.pass a vote of censure on him. But this attacks would multiply — and fearful daa<« 
-circumstance ought not to be suffered to gers would threaten thtir Indian terrl- 
pass without uotice. They ought to kuow tories. He now had one or two ohserra- 
the situation in which Lord Moira found tions to offer, on a point, in which, he 
affairs between Nepal, on his arrival in conceived, the court bad not done ita 
India in 1813. The public ought to know .duty with liberality and fairness. He 
-the necessity which justified the proceed- would advert to what it liad done, an<t 
Jags of the noble marquis. It ought to be to what it had left undone. On the 20th 
. kept in view that the Nepalese possess- of December last, the court thought 
cd a territory about twenty-five years ago, proper to grant a pension to SirDavtd 
extending only about two hundred miles Ochterlony. On that occasion he pro- 
irom east to west, and that by gradual tested, and he would still protest, against 
. encroachment they had extended to the the course of proceeding that was adopt- 
banks of the river Indus, and in 1814 had ed, because it was contrary to all prece- 
iiD extent of country eight hundred miles dent. No instance of a similar kind had, 
under ^heir rule. Their conduct had he believed, ever occurred before; for, 
been so atrocious that in 1804, on 24th since the period at which the vote wa» 
January, Lord Wellesley had declared the passed, he had, with his best industry, 
treaty then existing with Nepal to be at gone over as many propositions of thanks, 
an end, and the^e is no doubt from his both of that court and of the British go- 
■ character that he would have had recourse vemment; and, on no occasion could he 
. to arms at thi^ time, if he had not been trace the existence of such a principle aa 
so fully employed with the Maharatu that which was adopted on the 20th of 
war. From the time of Captain Kinloch's December. The court, in that instance, 
mission to Nepal in 17^ up to the time eulogized and rewarded the conduct of an 
Lord Moira arrived in India, there had oflker, not merely acting under the dooer- 
beea differences between the governments nor General of India, but under the Com- 
owing to the encroachments of the Ne- mofider-iu-chief of the Company's forces, 
palese, and they had been borne by the To that officer a handsome pension of 
govenior-generals with a forbearance and ;£1000 a year was voted — but qo notice 
consideration that the honour and dig- whatever wai« taken of the Commander-in* 
nity of the British name scarcely admit- chief. Under whose directions Sir D. Och- 
ted oL There were regular repoits made terlony bad acted, and the war been car- 
te the e^urt oi directors of these en- rled on. He made this observation, be- 
croachm^ts annually, as the dispatches cause the court were now called upon to 
shew ) ahd the insults had reached that thank the noble Marquis for his merits in 
extent when Lord Moira arrived in India, planning 9^^ directing X\iQ vi2ix* If it 
that the only alternative for him to adopt, were the fact that his plans were id>ly 
was aaive hostile measures to repel and conceived, that the measures which he 
punish the Nepalese, or to suffer the recommended were founded in wisdom--^ 
diaracter of the government to be com- the court ought in justice and agreeable to 
promised by enduring the encroachments an undeviating precedent to have noticed 
which mi§^ sooner or later end in ruin them, when Sir David Ochteriony received 
to the Company's establishments Sn In- the meed to which his services entided 
dia. These are circumstances which him. He regretted that the noble mar- 
ought to be generally known as well by qnis was not thanked at that time. Wbat- 
the pablic as by this court. It ought to be ever the feeling of the court of directors 
known, that the addresses irom the Ben-, might have then been on account of 
galgovemment, since the year 1804; that temporary reverses, they ought to have 
even the court of directors themselves had acted towards the' noble marquis, om 
atated, in a letter of the 18th February, that occasion in th^ way they were now 
1814, their conviction that recourse must about to do. The enemy having been de- 
be had to arms, in order to repel the at- feated, and peace restored, they now pro- 
terapta of that government, whose power ceeded to thank the noble marquis.. This 
Jiad been at length put down. In making brought forward a principle before the 
these <)bservations, he should be glad if public and thejronrt, for their considera- 
ttcar imppMsed the country with this feel- tion, which, though forgotten in the in- 
iog, th^ the Nepal war, trifling as it stance he had alluded to, he hoped wmdd 
wa» iacoinpuiseii with fonner contests, never be neglected again : — the principle 
-waacwriedcoi indefieoeeof tjiose ur|p- to whi^ he adverted was, that evecy 
* lijdQf » by w^ich alone thsy could npbold oAcor and strvaot of tlie Conpanyi wM 



9ir2 

luuittcced for their benefit, to the best 
ai their >genius and ability, deserved 
their sapport. The court ought to step 
forward aad thank them, not merely 
when success had' attended their efforts, 
hat for the zeal and talent they might 
have displayed in their plans, although, 
from unforeseen circumstances, some de« 
gree of £ai;ure might havebeenexperieoced.' 
He made this-remark, because the thanka 
of the court had been withheld from the 
Governor General, on account of the ex- 
pedition against Nepal having been, in a 
certain measure, unsnecesful. What 
would persons now say, when, the con- 
test being finished, the court tardily came 
forward with its rote of approbation f 
\rhey would naturally observe — •* Though 
it is by the resolution admitted that 
the war was originally well planned — 
though the arrangements were wisely con- 
ceived— -yet you withheld the praise which 
was justiy due to him who6e genius di- 
rected the whole proceeding, because the 
snccess, which his plans deserved, had 
not ensued ; but now that the plans have 
anoceeded, you agree to a vote of thanks, 
your praises are called forth by the suc- 
cess of the measures that have been adopt- 
ed, and not by - the wisdom or excellency 
which marked the original arrangements." 
He protested in behalf of all public servants 
against such an unfair and unjust princi- 
ple. He conceived it was highly becoming 
the dignity of the court to return thanks 
to their servants, for the zeal display- 
ed, and the ability manifested by them, 
in any undertaking they attempted — 
instead of beiug guided in their pro- 
ceedings, according to tho termination of 
the efforts — ^as it might, in the end, prove 
suQceasful or disastrous. In the principle 
adopted by the court, in December last, 
they deviated from all precedent and de- 
parted from all rule; and he hoped that,- 
fnun henceforth, no individual standing 
in the high situatioa of Governor-Gene- 
sal, would have his feelings wounded in 
the same uuuiner. U was evident, that 
a proceeding of so extraordinary a nature 
was calculated to wound the feelings — 
because, though no name was mentioned, 
a Governor-General must perceive, when 
a departure from all rule was sanctioned 
in a particular instance, that it was di- 
itcted against him. He felt that the time 
of the court was extremely valuable— and 
he found,on considering the resolutibn, and 
seeing it confined merely to military af- 
fion, he should scareeiy be allowed to» 
•nbnit much of what he intended to 
•ffer, to. the proprietors, and would now * 
coDtent himself with making a fewobser* 
ntiODS, with respect to the wisdom find 
$H0d$r3iio» exemsed by Sir D. Ochter- 
kmy aad the noble mar^s. These words 
««re 9fttj JarisUy ned in the course 6f 
¥U diipMdiiit-rhe hww that there wcra 



Debate at Hie East India Hmue. ' B9 

some persons who thonghtj'thathe (Ear' 
Moira) shewed neither the one qnalitf 
nor the other In the wholj of thete 
affairs ; but bcrore such an expression of 
opiuion fell from any individual»,fae hoped, 
if they had not i^ad over the document^ 
connectecl with the subject, that they 
wonid take the tim^ necessai7 for petug- 
ing the dispatches relative to the condnct 
of the lioble marquis's government, and 
*the letters respcKrting the origin, pro- 
gress and terminattion of the war. They 
would then see, that Sir JDavid Ochter- 
lony, in conjunction with the Gover- 
nor-General, had shewn a very great 
degree of moderation ; and that, in the 
situation in which the Goorkeh power was 
placed, in cousequence of the obstinate 
and unprincipled conduct of their govern-- 
ment, more severe terms' might consistent 
with justice and' moderation, have been ' 
insisted on. He said, the unprincipled 
conduct of the government—because, if a 
man promised to ratify a solemn treaty, and ' 
broke that promise, he must be looked' 
upon as unprincipled. Now, in as'ihuth 
as the enemy had agreed to a particular 
treaty, but afterwards held off from rati- 
fying it, in the hope of profiting by the 
season, and coming forward with the'de-' 
sign of reaping a benefit from thilft mttai 
act of duplicity, it appeared to him, that 
he had been treated with very great 
moderation. This was roost decidedly 
shewn by one of the dispatches of Sir D.' 
Ochferlony — where, having stated his 
opinion to the Governor-General^ h^ 
concluded in wordD that almost deserved 
to be inscribed in letters of gold. The 
dispatdi was dated the 26th of February 
1816 ; in which, after reasoning on 
the possible sidvantages that might b6 
gained over the enemy, by continuing the 
war and exacting terms more severe than 
the treaty coneluded in 1815» he writes, 
•— <* Protracted war can only produce encor- 



mous expenses, for which the most suc- 
cessful results cannoit afford an indemnity ; 
but may, as we have seen it in the western 
provinces, burden us with territories with- 
out revenue/ and with troops without re- 
sources to main tain them ." In answer to 
Sir D. Ochti^rlony, the GovernoriGeneral 
says, " Although I differ from you in many 
particulars, yet, whatever you: may deter- 
mine on shall have tny concurrence. Vo« 
may depend upon my supporting every re- 
solution and engagement you may enter 
into." This shewed, that while he had 
troops in the field, healthy and able to pro- 
ceed on any enterpi ize— when he might 
have marched to the capital of the eneoiy'a 
provinces, he exercised a praise-worthy 
spirit of moderation and forbearance. He 
declined exacting new terms from «> 
hmnhled enemy, hot expressed his wi)- 
Kagness to agree to theprovisions of tha 
tteaty whieh had been proposal in tha 



^ 



BAoie ijLt the Ead India House* H^A v* 



prcjcfiding y^sy*. Here Ib^ shewed gres^t 
nflnioQi ^ mo^ra^i^iiy ia cowipg to a 
cb^islfn most pruckot and ooiv>iUatory.. 
V^\ Moira had lalao declared iu his sub-, 
s^uent dispatches tlial; he would not 
eicBct the full €xiteii(t of t\te unplea- 
sant articles of tbe tr€^t|r. There£Qire>. 
pripr to Any attack being fuade on the 
nojble JVf avqfiua, these dispal^hes. ought to 
be minutely referred to.. Without t;bis 
were.done^ they Qoujd not possibly arrive 
at A lair decision on the .conduct of tbe 
Governor-GeneraU In ajmclusion, tlie 
faoB. prDprietor observedy that he would 
most .cordially supiMMt the resc^ution— 
and «?Lp;wi88ed a hope that the court, 
w^Quldy on a future otocasion, see the ne- 
oiMsity of going farther thw they were 
at present called on to do. 

The Chairman observed, that, with 
reniKect to the papecs not having been pro- 
dneed by instalyi^ii^ts, and their b»ng 
brought in a mass under the consideration 
ojf the court:, he had only to say, that it 
Vas the act of the pi^oprietors, with which 
the etcecutivp body had nothing to do. 
The boQu gjsntleman had touched ^n the 
ciricamstavce, of |io notice having been 
tajien of the Governor-General jn the pro- 
ceedings jof the 20,th Qf December last. 
U» concaved the cou^rt was perfectly cor- 



Uiat place on a former day, life felt that 
he «hould t>e wanting in duty to himaelf, 
if be did not offer a few.obseivataons on 
what had fallen from him. He ooncurred 
with him in regretting the absence of the 
hon.. and learned getiUeman wliose motion 
he had opposed. He was sure, if that 
learned gentleman were present, he would 
not have t^en the same line of conduct 
the hon. gentleman had done — \x wmuld 
have abstained from a personal attack, 
especially with refei'ence toa circimtstanee 
that took place so long ago. Fortunately^ 
however, he had it in his power to repel 
any attack made, on bim here or else* 
where, either by the hpn. gentleman, or 
by any other individual whatsoever, ^rhe ^ 
hon. gentleman imputed presumption to 
him, in setting up his opinion against the 
experience of tlie hon. gentleman himself, 
and the knowledge of bis learned friend. 
Now, if it had been a question relative to 
India, the decision of which called local 
details and minute observation, there 
might have been some sense in theattack 
—some shew of reason in the charge. But, 
as it was a ^estioo that required no locs^ 
knowledge — as it wa& a question on which 
any man of common sense could decide— > 
he thought proper to take the sense of the 
court on it, as be should always do, when 



x^ct in abstadoing from ap es^pression .of he, saw gentlemen anxious to call on the 



tbi^r ojMnion on that occasion. As t|be wai* 
was not i^en conclnded, it was not tlie fit 
time to make aiay observations <m.the con- 
d4ict of (49ke Govenwor-Geue^. Itx^asnot 
Ijjj^ cyatf^m of ttot ^ut^t, to, consider the 
proeeedtegs of any GoYemor-OeiM^, 
during a peripd of Wjar* They bad always 
waMed tiil the narticular contest was at 
W«nd, before jtheysi^i^ed ^heir opinion. 
*X^e case wa9 quite dilfere^, with >%spect 
IP iSir X>mi^ OctberVmy. He was en- 
Vr#Ated wj(h Utf execution of a spe- 
cif iservi^. ^e performed th«t scvr- 
\dQ9s mii having done so, the oourt 
luuMiinMMVsly rot^ that he 4wgbt to he 
newardAd* T14s W9i^ pctrfeotly distinct 
mm the «i^ of tlMS GoiKemor-Qeneral i 
bewus«, no matter whetb^ ithe war had 
terminate or 4^^ i4»e service had been 
aidiilaved wMch Qeneri4 Ocbterlony was 
f)a}M OD to perform^ With respecl; to 
iim oomparatiye stait^Muent joi expenses 
between the Nepal war aud tjtat carried 
4m. in the Mysore, the court of directors^ 



court of dJi'ectors to produce documents 
vvhidi were not -necessary at the time. 
The question merely was, whether the 
documents, undei' the particular circmn- 
s;tances of the case, ought to be produced. 
He thought they ought not, and therefbnr 
be opposed their production. The hon. 
gentleman was angry with him, not be- 
cause this was his opinion, but because it 
was the opinion of the whole coma. He 
was initated, not because he (Mr. Twjss) 
had made the motion, but because It was 
successful. The hon. gentleman said, he 
knew not on what authority, that, now 
the paperstwere produced, 'he (Mr.Twiss) 
had not read tliem — or, if he bad read 
anyone of Ihem, he certakily had not 
perused the. whole. This was a gratuitous 
observations-it was totally nucalUd for— 
it was perfectly unnecessary. He knew 
not what inlbrnifttion the hon. gentleman 
might have reoeived about the manner in 
wtiidi he passed bis time«*-what watch 
and spy he might have on his conduct, lie 



in iMx resolution* did not ^say any thing ' knew not.<-^He was, howwer, ready to 



ahsttt itf T]b^ .d«4 not caU .on tb^ oonrt 
^ l^roprifsl^s .to give any opinion on the 
UiJ^t. The«omp»riio;> was to be found 
onlir in 4he dispatcbw^'it wns^^t a mat- 
ter A»r the consid^ation of the court'. 

iVJ^k Berttct Tvin smi, he was sorry 
tp be under the vmtaaitf of tioubUi« 
tie «pttrt£ but the hm* {froprietorf 
jhUq bad rsowtiy addressed Hiem» hav. 
iH made a personal attack on his g^^ 
dobt^ In 4VBfleqi|e«iaa of nrhat passed la 



admit that he had not read the papers $ 
and be asked him, in the same spirit of 
candour, wheth^ he had hioMslf perused 
thera ? If he had not, then the thon. gen* 
tleman's aspersion of fa|n (Mr. 'tTwias) 
was at an «nd**and, en Iftie otiier side« 
if he had made himsdf master of theoon* 
tents of the papers, be eongratulased die 
court OB having k^s support to the resplo*. 
Hon, His support vns always most de- 
afralde, but panicaiailf 00, fAm M 



1.8170 

cjmie prepared with extensive inform^ 
tion on the subject submitted to ihem. 
The hon. gentleman had giren the court 
a definition of the word unprincipled. 
It was properly applied* he observed, to 
an Individual who neglected to per- 



Debaie a$ the EaH India Heme* < ^l, 

observations on what feU from the hofi. 
gent, with respect to die nature of the 
Nepal war. He asserted that the waf;, 
which was an unimportant one, was com- 
pared, in this, resolution, with the con- 
test in the Mysore. Now he was at a 



form bis promise. Now the hon. gentle- loss to see any allusion of the kind in the 



man himself frequently broke his promise, 
and yet he was convinced, no one could 
cbar;^ him with being unprincipled. He 
never rose in that court, without gravely 
stating that he would occupy the attention 
of the proprietors for a very ^bort Lime — 
but this promise he never performed. — 
(Laughter.) ■ 

I1ie hon. genL had stated that the re- 
solution should receive his cordial sup- 
port. But, of all the cordial supports he 
ever witnessed, in this or any other place, 
that of the hon. gent, seemed, on the 
present occasion, to be the most extra- 
ordinary. It appeared to him, so far 
from his support being cordial, that the 
hon. gent, wished to throw some discord 
into the proceedings of the court. He 
had contrived to introduce every topic 
which could lower, in the estimation of 
the proprietors, the financial arrangements 
and military pbms of the Marquis of 
Hastings. He observed, that the noble 
marquis had bestowed his pnuses on all 



resolution. He could find nothing there 
that called on them to compare the 
Nepal war with any other contest what- 
soever — or that required them to do more 
than express their opinion on the war 
which had reoenlly been concluded. But 
the Nepal war, he contended, was not 
a trivial or unimportant one. It was one 
to which the language of the Marquis of 
Hastings — ^a language neither inflated nor 
bombastic — ^ver)' fairly applied. The con- 
test assumed an air of importance, whea 
they considered the people with whom 
the Indian government had to deal. The 
war was very different from those carried 
on in Europe, where the whole foire or 
the respective powers was on the surface 
— where the amount of the forces com- 
manded by conflicting states, was pretty 
accurately known. In this instance, the 
Company had to combat with an enemy 
most artful and deceitful — an enemy, 
whose bravery was unquestionable, — and 
the extent of whose resources was not 



alike. He (Mr. Twiss) however, con- properly determined — an enemy who 
tended, that, if the fact were so, it ought brought weapons into the field, unkBown 
to be a matter of congratulation, not of in European wars — and which the laws of 



dissatisfaction, to the court, that there 
was not an officer employed on this late 
arduous service, who was not considered 
as deserving the high meed of applause ; — 
and, having earned it, was it not most 
satisfactory to find the nobleman placed 
at the (lead of the Indian government, 
ready to liquidate the debt? — {Hear.) 
U was a matter of congratulation to have 
such officers — ^it was a matter of congra- 
tulation to possess a Governor-general who 
was prompt to appreciate and eager to 
reward their merits. — {Hear.) The hon. 



war forbid to be used in any country. 
The hon. gent, said, that the Nepalesc 
had only brought from fourteen to sixteeo 
thousand men into the field. But, if there 
was one method more fiitile than an- 
other, it was the attempt to estimate the 
dangers of a war, by a reference to the 
numerical force employed. A statement 
had been made by an hon. member of the 
House of Commons, rather, he believed, 
with a ludicrous feeling, that all matters 
in which figures were employed, might be 
so managed, that, by taking a little from 



gent, had said, that the praise bestowed one side snd adding it to the other,— 4)y 



by the Marquis of Hastings was not only 
itidiacriminate, but bombastic. He was 
surprised that the hon. gent, could blame 
the noble margnis for A>Uowing his own 
example — for be himself, when pnce he 
begap, knew not when to leave off.— 
(fianghter.) If the hon. gent, were to be 
CKCuged, wh(sn, in the execution of an 
su-duous and disagreeable duty, [and his 
duty in th^ oonrt be must often find 
Vdoons and dij^greeable,) he proceeded 
beyond the bounds which he originally 
Intended not to pass. How mndi stronger 
was the daiflt of the noble marquis to 
fiHgiveacss, if, in performing a du^, nei- 
ttier ardooos nor disagrecphle, be had 
^p^Gered his gmerons fisdii^EP to canry hi>9 
ItiqWiwi a pvtloiiUur line?— (iTtfwr.) la 
the last place, [$bA he rcaUy me»Dt it 
.^hoiiUIhe the laN} ^ would ofl^ 4 few 



shifting and changing with some portion 
of art — the balance, on each side, mig^t 
be rendered alike. The mere recurrence 
to numbers, when speaking of the dan- 
gers that attended a war, was delusive— 
no sound inference could be derived from- 
it. But wby should the hon. gent, talk 
so lightly of a numerical force, equal to 
that with which this kingdom, in 1745, 
was thrown into a state of commotion ? 
He must know, that the Pretender had 
but twelve thousand men under his com- 
mand. Between t%vo armies, of about 
that amount, those actions took place, 
which ended in the capture of the capital 
of that country, which gave birth to the 
hon. gent. Did he not recollect, that it 
was with twelve thousand meu the Pre- 
tender took Edinburgh — that with twelve 
thousand men he fought the battle oC 



M 



Delate at the Mast India Home. 



Preston-Pans— marched into Derbyshire, 
and stmck terror into the heart of Lon- 
don ? It was not by the number of men 
brought into the field that a judgment 
should be formed of the importance of a 
contest-^a true estimate of the dangers 
and dilKcultTes of a war could only be sup- 
t^lied by attending to circumstances of a 
more covert description. The learned 
gent, concluded by stating, that the mo- 
tion had his most hearty assent. 

Mr. Lowndes said, he viewed the grant- 
ing of praise to individuals, in the same 
light as he did the complimenting them 
with honorary medals — some, of course, 
would deserve a more elegant tribute than 
others. In the present instance, they 
were about to give a gold medal to the 
Marquis of Hastings— but it was not sur- 
rounded with those brilliants which orna- 
fnented the medal presented to another 
'iwble lord, for his great achievements in 
1804-5. Tlie war of that time was very 
different from that which had been re- 
cently concluded. Battles were then 
fought with an enemy who employed a 
force of two hundred thousand men 
against the Company. It was the mag- 
nitude of such preparations that dazzled 
the imagination, and bewildered the 
mind. It was the employment of an 
overwhelming army that led the minds 
of many persons astray, ^ith respect to 
tfie abilities of the ci-devant Emperor, in 
his warfare on the continent. It was the 
numerous forces he brought into the field 
that enabled him to win his battles, and 
caused him to be looked on as a great 
commander. Yet,, when they examined 
those victories, and considered the manner 
in which they were gained, perhaps the 
achievements in Nepal put forth a greater 
daim for that praise which skill and 
bravery ought always to command, than 
those which had been obtained by him — 
effected as they were by pouring a force 
into the field, three times as numerous 
as that which he had to encounter. His 
hon. friend (Mr. Hume) was an expert 
and able calculator — but, in estimating 
the difficulties of a contest^ it was not so 



His observations dfd bim infinite credit— * 
for, by adhering to the principles, and 
pursuing the dictates of honour and 
justice, could they alone hope to maintaiir 
their ascendency in India. If they par- 
sued a different course, they would lay 
themselves open to those reproaches and 
accusations whfcb had been justly heaped 
upon Napoleon Bonaparte, if they did 
not place the hereditary families in lacUs 
in the high situations vfrbich they had 
been accustomed to fill, the same execra- 
tion, and the same evils might desrend 
upon them, as bad visited Napoleon : — ' 
Fas est ab hoste doceri. With one part 
of the conduct of the noble marquis be 
was dissatisfied. He allnded to his makini^' 
use of a part of the forces that had pre- 
viously belonged to the enemy. Now, 
they ought to recollect thai this very cir- 
cumstance contributed to the downfall of 
the French ruler. The noble marquis 
acknowledged that he employed two com-' " 
panics of pioneers, which had previously 
belonged to the enemy. He knew another 
noble lord who fell into the same error. 
Bnt, as long as they could make use of 
forces of their own, or of troops supplied 
by their allies, they had better employ 
theni, and even drain them to the last 
man, rather than trust to the treacberons 
enemy. When they employed the forces 
of a hostile state — armed them-^— and 
taught them the military art— the first 
desire would be to regain their own 
country ; and they would speedily knock 
down the persons who had foolishfy con- 
fided in* them, with the muskets wbiclk 
had been given to them fox their defence. 
This was another fault, and a very great 
one, of Bonaparte. He taught the troops 
of his enemies, whom he engaged in his 
service, ail he knew himself of the art of 
war, and they ultimately fought agamst 
him. This was one of the chief causes of 
his downfall. Would, therefore, a wise 
man trust a treacherous enemy with 
arms in his hands, after witnessing so 
fiital an example of the bad consequences 
that flow from such a misplaced confi- 
dence? It struck him that the employ^ 



well, perhaps, to calculate by the rule of ment of these two companies of pioneers 



three. He had read the papers with the 
same feelings as those described by his 
hon. friend. It struck him that the lan- 
guage was in the eastern style — ^very 
figurative— very flowing— and abounding 
in well-rounded periods. Many of the 
sentences reminded him of the eggSy which 
boys placed on a string, and whidi ex- 
hibited a great variety of colours. No 



was a very imprudent thing— though » 
similar act had been done by another 
noble lord. The liberality which was &• 
prevalent in the conduct of the noUe 
marquis, appeared in a very conspicnons 
light in those dispatches. In that house* 
he (Mr. Lowndes) had alv^ays given his 
humble meed of praise to the military 
forces of the Company. Both there, and 



man, however, could entrain a higher every where else, he had expressed hi» 

opinion of the noble marquis than he did ; opinion, that neither soldiers nor saHeiv 

and he said this, because he observed in were paid as they deserved. Theirs was 

those dispatches the most excellent and a profession of honour ; and they wt 

elevated:principles of honour and justice remunerated hy honour uid not by«HNN|f« 

•—particularly in what he said relative to He perceived, that a very libeml provisiMi 

thcrighuof hereditary ftmilies in India, was^nade for two or three ofllcers, and. 



1SI70 Dcio^i? at the Ea^ India House. M 

%• was €ir firov olTeriiig any objection to not been in India, bat be imdefftood the 
It. He was not, however, surprised that Nepal territory was moontainons ; fid! 
the noble marquis should be liberal on of strongholds and almost inaccessible 
•uch an occasion, for he was well known iastnesses. Now, it was a wdl-ascer- 
to be so on all others— and, if bis in- tained fact, that mountainous districts 
^rmation were correct, he lived in a were always peopled by a strong, power- 
aityle the most costly and expensive. He fol, and hardy race df men. It was amidst 
believed the court would agree, that his monntain-fsstnesses that liberty delight- 
lion, firiend (Mr. Hume) was perfectly ed to dwell. It was there that the power 
tight when he stated, that whl!e the pro- of the Company would one day be assail- 
prietors were willing to give praise where ed in India. Let the court look to Italy, 
it was due, they could not, iu justice, to Switzerland, to Spain — and they would 
jilace the Nepal war on a footing with perceive the truth of his position. What 
the brilliant ezploiu of 1803-4, which had given us so many glorious victoriea 
were said to have saved our empire in in Spain ? the judicious use that was 
India. If this were a true description of made of the strong holds in that country, 
the campaigns of that day, it clearly The natural difficulties that presented 
shewed that our possessions were then themselves in Nepal, required the nt- 
threatened with much greater danger than most courage and perseverance to over- 
any that could be supposed to arise from come ; and the officers who were employ- 
the efforts of the Nepalese government, ed on that semce,. exhibited, perhaps, as 
Still it was highly necessary that the much ability, and deserved 9s well of 
insults offered to the Company by that their country, as those who met and de- 
ntate, should be promptly repelled. Some feated a numerous army on the plain. 
Iieople, and they appeared to be of the Although the dispatches were written in 
nnmber, would take an ell when you only too florid a style, he thought the noble 
cave them an inch ; — and, if the Nepal- marquis, and those who acted under him, 
had not been opposed in the first richly deserved the thanks of the court. 



instance, their insolence and their con- Mr. Hume begged leave to say a few 
lidencewonld have increased— other states words in explanation. The learned gen- 
would have imitated their example — and tleman (Mr. Twiss) did not, he was sure, 
attacks would have multiplied on all sides, mean to misrepresent what he had said ; 
T^ learned gentleman who last spoke, bnt, unddubtedly, he had been mlsunder- 
bad very properly stated, that, in con- stood by him. He stated, that the lean»- 
^idering th^ imporuuice of a war, they ed gentleman had- placed his experience 
were not merely to look to the number of in competition with that of his learned 
Cdcccs brought into the field, but they friend (Mr. R. Jackson) who made the 
were to take into the account all the dr- motion on the 20th of December ; but of 
camstauoes <»unected with the contest, his own experience he had not said » 
This was a rcry just statement. It was word. He was not such an egotist as to 
not the numbers which the enemy led to speak of himself. In mentioning the 
battle that constituted the greatness and comparison attempted to be drawn be- 
nagnitude of a war— no, it was the va- tween the war m Nepal, and that m the 
Tioos ramifications into which it might Mysore, the learned gentleman had for- 
cxtead — it was the unforeseen drcnm- gotten that he used the word " not." 
stances that might devdop themselves hi He deddedly said, that the comparison 
its progress whldi formed the most serious was not to be found in the resolutiofi, but 
points of danger. He thought the Lord inthe dispatches. He said this, because 
Mayor •of the dty deserved very great he wished the court and the public hot to 
praise — and yet, some persons would ask, be led away by the Idea, that the contest 
** What has be done ? He has only dis- was of that mighty importance which the 
pened a few ruffians who had got arms purport of the dispatches would indued 
In their bands." But he would point out people to believe. He should be extreme- 
wbat an important service the LordMayor ly happy, if he could place his arguments 
lud nelly performed. He had preserved, in so contracted a space, and deliver them 
lo a great extent* the peace of an im- with so much force and effect, as tbie 
Biease metn^iis. Though an individual, learned gentleman was in th^ habit of do- 
who VBH a^n at calculation, might, ing. But it was^ useless to complain, since 
'in erdinary cases, arrive at a just conclu- individuals must submit to the faculties 
elen ; yet it would by no means do in bestowed on them by heaven ; and, if 
HSjirfdfring the nature and complexion they could not express their sentiments 
•f a war. In tliat case, an infinite varle- in a few words, they must use many. 
Or of dicnmstanoes were to be looked to. (Wewr / hear !) This he must say, be- 
Thenatare of the country — the habits of fore he sat down, that the comparison 
ibe pee^e — their military ildH— and between a dvil war in Scotland and a 
Wtmfp&er points, wliidi when a mere contest in India, was the most fax-ftifA' 
iifiwitlon of Munbtts mu reaorted to, ed aqd excessive stretch of comparison he 
1^ mn of the qocetioa. He |iad ever heard of. He ooald assure the learn- 



ei< 



Debate at the East India House. 



ed gentleman, that lie had stated his opi- 
nion of the. coun tef -motion which he had 
tnade on the 2'Oth of December, merely 
because his learned friend was not pre- 
sent, !(nd he thought it ought not to pass 
unnotieed. 

The motion was then carried' utiiini- 
mouslif. 

The Chhirman — <* The riei^t motion 
which ( have to submit to you, and in 
which I Bppe the court of proprietors will 
concur with us, respects Major-General 
Sir David Ochterlony — an officer whose 
name stands most prominent |n the pro- 
ceedings connected with the Nepal war." 

The following resolution was then read 
by the clerk*— 

" That the thanks of this court be given 
to Major General Sir David Ochterlony, 
Bart, and G, C. B., for the vigor, judg- 
ment, and effect, with which he person- 
ally conducted the operations of the 
force under In's command on all occa- 
sions, and particularly in the last cam- 
paign,, the management of which, and of 
the subsequent negotiation, was with 
great propriety entrusted to him, in testi- 
mony of the confidence due to his experi- 
enced merits and well acquired distinc- 
tion." 

On the motion **That the court do 
approve of this resolution,** being put 
from the chair- 
Mr. Hufne said, he thotight no question 
was ever proposed to that court, to which 
lie could more conscientiously give his 
support, not only as far as he knew of the 
Individual, but as far as the dispatches 
went. In this instance, the court had 
done, what, he conceived, ought to have 
been done in the precedfng case — they 
noticed the policy pnrsued by General 
Ochterlony. He thought, however, tliat, 
in order to do complete justice to the 
merits of Sir David Ochterlony, the mo- 
tion ought not to have been proposed at 
80 short a notice. An opportunity ought 
to have been given to the proprietors to 
read evei^ line of the dispatches that re- 
lated to the gallant officer. Had this been 
done, they would have found, in every 
page, such instances of his zeal, ability, 
and perseverance, as ^^ould have con- 
vinced them^ that they never entertained 
a more just and honourable motion, than 
that which went to confer their thanks, 
on Sir David Ochterlony. 

The resolution was unanimously agreed 

to. ■ . . • 

The next resolution proposed was — 
, " That the thanks of the court be given 
to ail the officers, both European and na- 
tive, belonging to the army which served 
ID the Nepal war^ for their gallant and 
meritorious service during the late war." 

Carried tmonlmoudJ^. 

The next resolution was — 

« lliat thiis court doth highly approve 



CJaw. 

and acknowledge the services of the non- 
commissioned Officers and private sol- 
diers, both European and native^ wha 
were employed in the lilte war ; and that 
the thanks of this court be signified to 
them by the officers of tht?ir respective 
corps, as well for their patience under 
unusual fatigues, and their cheerful en- 
durance of privations, as for their valor 
and intrepidity in presence of the enemy ,|* 

Mr. Lowndes-'*' Is any provision made 
for the private soldiers m India ? While 
we are giving praise to the officers, we 
ought to bestow solid pudding on the pri- 
vates." , 

The C/tairman^^' Lord Clivers fund is 
now, and has been for many years appi!-' 
cable to the relief of the pi'ivate soldiers 
in India." 

The resolution was unanimonsly agreed 
to. 

The Chairman then stated, that the 
court of directors, being anxious to »he^y 
every mark of regard totheir army ?n In- 
dia, had determined to grant medals and 
badges, for distinguished merits, to the 
officers engaged in the Company's seiTjce, 
under certain regulations, which would- 
be submitted to the court, for the infor- 
mation of the proprietors. 

Mr. Hume said, before the resolutions 
were read to the court, he wished to sub?- 
mit to the hon. Chairman, whether their 
thanks should not be voted to t^e su- 
preme council at Bengal, who, during thjp 
absence of the noble marquLs, up the. 
country, had a most arduous duty to per- 
form. In justice to the exertions of those 
individuals, he thought they ought to re- 
ceive the thanks of the coijrt. Gentle- 
men would observe, that the noble mar- 
quis, during tlie greater part of the time 
the war was going on, was employed up 
the country, at a very great distance from 
the seat of government ; the labours: 
which, in consequence, devolved on the 
supreme council, were most arduous and 
important — and they were performed with 
great ability. For this proceeding, tie 
conduct of the court, at the cud of tl|e 
Carnatic war, when thanks were voted to 
the supreme council, was a sufficient pre- 
cedent. He should, therefore, move— 
** That the thanks of this court be givea 
to the supreme council of Bengal, for 
their laborious exertions during the a6r 
sence of the governor-general." 

Mr. Lowndes was unwilling that the 
two services, the civil and mi/i/ar^,. should 
be blended together. He, therefore, i:e- 
quested the hon. proprietor to put off his 
motion, which might be brought forwar<t 
on another day. The thanks to the mili- 
tary should be distinguished from those 
given to the civil department. The iiuli- 
viduals composing the latter did not un- 
dergo any danger — they sat veiy quietJf 
with their pens* and ink before tbei)B^ 



1817- 



DAaie ai the Easi In£a House. 



^ 



^tile the olliCTS were brarlng tlie teirors 
^fthefielU. 

' Mr, HotTQTth said, that unwllUng to 
ilistarbthe unaiiloiity with which the vote 
of thanks to the Marquis ot Hasting:! had 
just pa^ed, he liad ah^^talned from iu- 
truitinf himself upon the att.(S)tion of the 
court i for allhouy U lhei« were sooie ex-* 
pres8ioii:$ la f he vote« that he could not 
picdge.himsflf to, yset the principle, ap- 
provmji^ the skill with which the military 
operations ui Nepal were planned, and 
tiie valour wUh which they were execut- 
ed, had his cordial concurrence; bat 
purely the hon. proprietors were not aware 
i\\9X resolutions Nvhir h passed the House 
of Cojinmons in 1 7B2, afterwaidsemhodlcd 
In the Act of 1784, re-enacted in 1793» 
and still nnrepealed, forbid any further 
ac<iuisitro|i of territory in India, llie 
goTemraent, therefore, which makes war 
tor the acquisitioii of territory, offends 
Qgahist (he E&w. The prevailing disease 
in the British goreniments ht India was a 
^ra^e for making war, tlie indulgence in 
which passion had nearly overwhelmed 
the chartered rights of the Company, and 
i>rought them wider polkicul con(tx>l, and 
the perseveranee in k would eirentnally 
<iestroy them. 

Mr. flutng — ** I would not, on any ac- 
Icount, introduce a dJirision into this court. 
If, therefore, Mr. Chairman, you thmk 
proper to adopt my motion, you may do 
Tro. If you" thinlc it had ht^ter be defer- 
red, I hare no objection to postpone it,** 

The Chairman—*' I tlynk, under all 
t!Je circumstances, you had better with- 
dlraw the proposition." 

Motion withdrawn. 
' The clerk then read the following reso- 
lution of the court of directors : — 

*• At a Couit of Directors, held on Fri- 
iday, the 6th of December, 1816. 

•' Resolved unanimously. That the 
East-India Company being desirous of 
conferring every mark of distinction up- 
•n the army semng in India, and of 
commemorating the services of tliose of- 
ficers who signalized themselves by ex- 
emplary zeal, valour, and conduct In the 
field, the Court of Directors has deter- 
mined to grant medals and badges for 
military services of distinguished merit ; 
and that in the grant and distribution of 
dMich marks of di:^tinction, the following 
fCgUlatlons sliall be strictly obsetved, and 
that they shall be extended to the officers 
of His Majesty's senire, provided It shall 
meet with the .sanction of His Royal 
Highness the Prince Regent, £nd that the. 
Right Honourable the Commissioners for 
the Affairs of India be requested to ob- 
tafu his Woyal Highness's sanction. 

"'ist. That'otie merfal only shall be 
boTtte by each officer for such distinc- 
tloa. - 

" 2d. That for the second and third 

Asiatic «/9uni.— No. IS* 



events which may be suhsequently com*- 
memorated in like manner, each indivi*- 
dual recommended to bear the disUactioa . 
shall cany a gold clasp attached to the, 
ribbon to which the medal is suspended, 
aud inscribed wkh the name of the bat- ' 
tie or sle^ to which it relates. , 

'* 3d. That upon a dalm being admit- 
ted to a jfourth mark of distinction, a 
cross shall be borne by each officer, with 
the names of the four battles or sieges re- 
spectively inscribed tliereupon, and to be 
worn in substitutMu of Uie distinction 
preriously granted to such individual 

*^ 4th. Upon each occasion of a aimi«, 
lar nature that may occur, the clasp agaia. 
be issued to those who have a claim to 
the additional distinction, to be borne oa 
the ribbon to which tlie cross is sus»* 
pended, in the same manner as described 
in No. 2, of these regulations. 

** The Court of Directors resolre, tliat, 
the distribution of medals or badges for, 
mifitary service of distinguished merit 
shall be regulated as follows, viz. 

** Ist, That no general officer, or other 
oiBcer, shall be considered entitled to re^ 
cdve them, unless hehas-been personally 
add particularly engaged npon thoscocca* 
sions of gttnt importance, in commemo- 
ration of which such marks of distinction 
shall be bestowed. 

*• 2d. That uo officer shall he consider-, 
ed a candidate for the medal or badge, 
except under the special Selection aind re- 
port of the commander of the forces oti 
the spot, as having merited the distinction 
by coospicuous services. 
* ** 3d. That the commander of tha 
forces sliall transmit to tlie commander-, 
in-chief rt-turns sigued by himself, speci->' 
fyingthe names and ranks of tliose ofiicert' 
whom he shall have selected as particu*^ 
larly deserving. 

** The court of directors resolve, that in 
commemoration of the successfhl temiina- 
tion of the War against Nepal, and o^ the 
services of those officdrs who, present 
in action, have been specially mentioned 
by name in dispktches published in the 
Gazettes as having distinguished them- 
selves, or in general orders published by 
the commander-in-chief or the govern- 
ment in India, shall enjoy the privilege of 
bearing badges of dlstluction, which shall 
be worn by the general officei-s suspended, 
by a ribbon of the colour of the sash, 
with a blue edge, round the neck ; and 
by such other offlcei-a as may have beett 
specially recommended, attached by a 
ribbon of the same description to the 
button-hole of their uniform. 

** Tlie court of directors resolve, that, 
those badges which would have been cpu- 
ferrcd upon »bp nmnpvi who fell, or hftve 
died sir' '" «• • 

teker 
t? 



66 Literary and Philosophical InteUigence. [[Jav* 

The Chairman said, these resolutions payment of unclaimed dividends. When- 
had heen read to the court, in order to ever I came to the house, 1 asked for this 
shew that the executive hody were most dividend, which was so long due to me, 
desirous to confer every possible honour but I coald not get it. Why was not my 



on their meritorious officers. 

Unclaimed Dividends. 
Mr. Lownies — " Before the court with- 
draws, I beg leave to ask a question re- 
specting the unclaimed dividendt. I am 
7L suflferer by their not being paiil regu- 
larly. I received a dividend, lately, which 
had not been paid for twelve years and 
a half before. Who, I should be glad to 
know, had the benefit of it during that 
time? I should like to be informed, 
what gentlemen have the candle-ends and 
cheese-parings of the poor proprietors, 
who receive only four and a half per cent, 
for their money ? The Company owe me 
40/. interest on this very money. I say 
it is due to the widows and orphans of 
those who have property embarked in In- 
dia stock, that they should be informed 
what regulation is made respecting the 



dividend forthcoming? It is not a matter 
of slight importance, that individuaU 
should have their dividends paid twelve 
years after they became due." * 

The Chairman could not answer the 
question of the hon. proprietor. 

Mr. Lowndes — ** I never mince mat- 
ters. I ask again, what gentlemen in 
this company have the benefit of the in- 
terest accrufng on unclaimed dividends ?*' 

A Proprietor answered — ** Nobody." 

Mr. Lowndes — ** That Mr. Nobody is 
a person who does a great deal of mis- 
chief, and receives a great deal of good. 
As I have not received any answer to my 
question, I shall, on a future day, move 
for an account of the sum due ou un- 
daimed dividends." 

The court then adjourned. 



LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAX, 

INTELLIGENCE. 



Early on|Monday morning. May 1, a 
tery smart shock of an earthquake took 
^lace at Penang, about twenty minutes 
before three o'clock. It appears to have 
been chiefly confined to the northern and 
central parts of the island, proceeding in 
a uorth-wesiem direction. Its continu- 
ance was about 0fteen or twenty seconds 5 
the motion excited universal alarm, 
l^ost persons being suddenly awakened 
out of their sleep, and impressed with the 
• idea of their hoqses being attempted by 
thieves, from the violent agitation of the 
Venetians in the doors and windows ; in 
some houses the furniture also was a 
good deal moved. The shock was dis- 
tinctly felt in the residence of the Hon. 
the Governor, on the Great Hill, and by 
the families occupying the bangalows in 
Its vicinity. Excepting the general alarm 
and cracking and fall of the plaster work 
la a few dwellings, we have not heard 
that any mischief occurred. 

It deserves to be mentioned, that seve- 
ral persons on bc^ard the brig Helen, at 
8ba, about one hundred miles distant from 
the island, experienced the sensation of a 
fthock ou the night of the 31st ult. and 
two following nights ; nor will this, upon 
reflection excite much surprise, since it 
13 evident that the motion communicated 
to a vessel by the simultadous agitation of 
the water when affected by an earthquake, 
will be very different from that which is 
produced by an undulatiou by ordinary 
'Ptnang Gaze(ie» 



His Majesty the Emperor of Delhi if 
preparing to construct a magnificent 
monument to the memory of the late 
queen mother, Nuwab Koodseen Begum. 

The north western have lately been very 
heavy in Bengal, the stream of the Gan- 
ges is reported to have been strewed wit]\ 
dead bodies and wrecks of the river citift ; 
the Company's stables at Ghazepoor were 
blown down in one hurricane, and some 
lives were lost. 

Tlie Alpheus has brought to England a 
box containing a part of the basso relievo 
of the Palace of Persepolis, for Sir G, 
Ousley ; and a box for Mr. Morier, con- 
taining bricks from the walls of Habyloiii* 
They were conveyed to Bombay by Mr* 
Sharpe, who was surgeon to Sir Gore 
Ousley's embassy. A beautiful Arabian 
horse, from Bombay, fur Xjord Harring* 
ton, and a tortoise of an immense size, 
are also ou board. The Alpheus also 
brings a portrait of the Duke of Welling* 
ton, an admirable likeness, painted in 
Bengal when the gallant leader bore the 
rank of Lieutenant-colonel. Mr. Far- 
quhar, Governor of the Mauritius, sends 
it home. 

It is asserted on authority of high credi- 
bility, that the Minden, of 74 guns, had* 
fewer splinters than any other ship ea» 
gaged in the glorious conflict at Algfen,. 
She was built of teak at Bombay, and we 
believe is the first armed vessel constnial*. 
ed for our navy beyond the limits of Ibe^ 
British islands.. 



i8i7.:3 



Ltterary and Philosophical InleUigenc&. 



e* 



Letters fitnn the Levant state^ that the 
fiiinons Hanoverian traveller, 8teetzen, 
Vfbo was bringing from Asia Minor ti*ea- 
anres in botany and natural history, has 
been assassinated in the environs of Mora. 



Isabella, daughter of 'John It. king of 
Portugal, who was at that tiifae grrveriiei^ 
of Burgundy and Flanders. He fi'rst disi 
covered Fayal, With th6 adjac^t islands , 
called the Azores, which bore for a lonj( 



£ight camels laden with the products of time the name of the htea 6ft he Fleming^ 

his indefotigable researches, tempted the He inhabited for twenty years that city^ 

cupidity of an Arab chief, who cut his where he established a colony of Flem^ 

throat, although t!)e tinfortunate traveller fngs. Kig!it years before the expedition, 

had a passport from Iman Finn, who of Columbus, in 1484, he secretiy appliec^ 



governs these countries 
• We insert the two following articles for 
the information of our readers in India : 
—A Dublin practitioner states, that he 
has seen the symptoms of hydrophobia 



to John II. who equipped addtilla to givi^ 
him all kinds of succours'. Behetis first' 
discovered the Brazils, penetrated as pi^ 
as the Straits of Magellan,'and visited the 
country inhabitfed by the'Patagouians. HtS 



checked by the tourniquet, in the case of made a map of liis discoveries, deli\*er- 



a girl bitten in the foot ; Dr. Stokes ap- 
plied a tourniquet to her thigh, and the 
symptoms instantly subsided. The efltct 
seeme to favour the plan of bleeding and 
deliquium, which idea originated with a 
medical gentleman in India. 

M. Dobereiner has published on the 
continent a new process for extracting 
borium from borax. After melting the 
horax and reducing it to a fine powder, 
one tenth of ita weight of lampblack is 
added; this mixture is put iuto a gun- 
barrel, one end of which is closed, and to 
the other is affixed a tube for receiving the 
gas: the gnu-barrel is then kept at a white 
heat during two hours. Much gaseous 
oxide of carbon is disengaged. When the 
j^roeess is finished there remains a com- 
pact mass of a blackish grey colour, which 
Is reduced to powder, and after being 
washed several timvs with boiling water, 
and once with hydrochloric acid, yields 
a pulverulent greenish black substance^, 
similar to btirium. 

Mr. Stark, a canon of Augsburgh, con- 
ceives that he has discovered a vast cavity* 
in the sun, 4 minutes 36' seconds fi'om its' 
eastern edge, and 15 m. 7 s. from its south- 
ern. He computes the diameter of this 
abyss to 'be three timed more than the di- 
ameter of the earth. Two black spaces 
lire discovered' in it, which he supposes 
to be hollows : they are separated by a 
luminotts space; the largest at one ex- 
tremity appears to terminate in a point, 
and is very wide and crenated at the other. 
Several asiierlties are discovered between 
this abyss and the eastern edge of the sun^ 
with six black spots above and four be- an E)nglish translation. The DesAtfir Jf 



ed it to the king, and sent a copy of i^ 
to Nnremberg', his native city, where it is* 
still preserved in the archives of the cily.^ 
It was after the inspection of this map 
that Columbus undertook his expedition* 
— Journal de la Belgfque, Dec. 5. 

Dr. Remusat, member of the French, 
Institute, and professor of Chinese aud^ 
Mandchow Tartar in the Royal French 
College, lately published, ** Le Livre deS 
Recompenses et des Peines,** translated^ 
from the Chinese, with extremely interest- 
ing notes ; and M. Molinier, one of hit 
pupils, intends publishing the Chinese^ 
text, with a literal translation and' gram- 
matical remarks. | 

Dr. Remusat is also printing ati edition^ 
of the Tchoung Young of Confusius irL 
Chinese, Mandchow Tartar, Latin, ana 
French ; a Supplement to the Diction-' 
naire Chfnois Fran9a)s et Latin, publi4 
par M. de Guignes, and Heclie^cbes sur le^ 
Langues IXrtares, and intends trkni^Iating 
the Tao te king Lao tseu's Sysl6m of 
morals. ' , 

Dr. John Taylor, of the Hon. Cdm4 
pany's medical establishment at Bombay, 
has lately published at. that presidenq' a 
translation from the original Sanskrit of 
the Lilabati, a treatise on Arithmetic and 
Geometry, by the celebrated Bhaskarsi 
Acharya. 

Proposals are issued at Bombay, felt 
publishing by subscription, the Desaterl 
with the ancient Persian translations and 
commentary; and a glossary of the ati- 
cient Pei-sian words, by MuUnaFiruz hUk 
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low. 

The Magazine for the Sciences, &c, 
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4)f America, which the Dutchman will in- 
sist lipon w^ owe to Martin Beheus, a 
native of Nuremberg, inFrauconia. Hi 



one of the most singular b()oks thaf hu 
appeared in the East. It professes t<x li 
acollectionolf the writings ofthedifieresf 
Persian prophets, being fifteen in. number^ 
from the time of Moh&bid to the time ^ 
the fifth" Sissim, of whom Zurdutl^ 
whonr, following the Greeks, we call Zo- 
roaster, was the thirteenth, and the fifth 
Sassan the last. This Sassan lived in the 
time of Khusrow Parvez, who was contem- 



W88 a taty^t learfied geographer, astrono- .porary witti the Emperor HeracUus^ and 
mer, atMl navigator. He sailed in 145$ 'died only nine years before .the destruc- 
wUhatcskl capped by the tnrdeni of tion t)f the ancient Pendali aonarchj. 

K2 • 



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MISSIONARY INTELLIGENCE. 



Yb -tSe Editor of the Penan$ Gazette, 

Sir,— The last year on i^y return from 
Bangoonia the month of March, I saw in 
the Calcutta Mirror, some speeches con- . 
cerning me and the book I published.-^ , 
As there were some mistakes I wrote an 
answer, but as that answer hat not been 
published, I shall now state the true cir- 
cumstances concerning myself. 

I am a Bedouin Arab indeed, but of 
gOo4 family, and educated in the college 
ii KaEEey'Mahhomed Goraab at Bagdad. 
After I had obtained by reading thescrip- 
torat a knowledgie of Christianity, I was 
canverted, being fully convinced of the 
ffiFinity of Christ, Had baptized by the 
Her. Dr. Carr at Madras ; that I might 
cooiprehend the good and evil— -not to 
g^in money, as the Editor asserts, but 
losing rerj much by becoming a Christian ; 
and was. not employed by Mr. Martin or 
Mr. Thomason, before my baptism nor 
alterwanlfl. ^ But after staying neitriy one 
year at Madras, I went back to Vizagapa- 
tani,aDd was expounder of the Mahome« 
dan law in tlie court about two years ; 
after which time I was employed by the 
Bible Society as a translator, and ap- 
pointed to revise the Persian and An&ic 
tran^latioos of the bible with Mr. Martin, 
and after his death with Mr. Thomason. 

By reason of a quarrel between Mr. 
Thomason and myself when we were to- 
gether in the Upper Provinces, I returned 
to CaU:utta — the translation was stopped^ 
and my employment under the Bible So- 
ciety was taken from me. Instigated by 
extreme violence of an^er, and thinking 
the persons against whom I was angry, 
would be most troubled by my speaking 
against Chdstiaaity, I inunediately wrote 
and published my booli-*.neither speaking 
against any man nor abusing Uicm-^bot 
aaying only, that there are many people 
%Qtk MuMi^baaftf aod ChHitifUM, wha 



act very contrary to their religion— one ot 
whom I am. 

It is^not now the place to say long par- 
ticulars, but I have mention^ enough to 
show that what I did was from the' 
warmth of my passions — and my present 
heart, God, the searcher of hearts, 
knows ;— and should the Lord, the crea- 
tor of all things, add to the days of my 
life, I hope to prove the truth of what 
the Rev. Dr. Buchanan has mentioned in 
his hook, that I was a true believer in 
Christianity ;— -and if I fall short in my 
life, I trust iu him who judges every •man, 
to receive my soul as a new creature.—-!' 
have thought it right to declare these- 
matters, that people may know the truth' 
under my own hand. . . 

S. J. Sabat. 
Penangf March 7, 1816. 

Interesting and Important Letter from 
L'Abbi Dubois, who, for twenty-five: 
pearSf has exerted himself with unre^- 
mitted zeal, in the duties of a Mis*' 
sionary, — ^It is addressed to Mr. Arch« 
deacon Barnes. 

My dear Sir,— Since I had the pleasnref - 
of meeting you at the Residency of My- 
sore, having almost without tntermlasien 
journeyed from one place to anothef, on - 
my visits to the sereral congregations of the . 
Native Christians living in this part of' 
the country, I fonnd till now no leisure to ' 
give you tlie abridged account whieh yoo 
wished to have of the state of Christianity • 
in these provinces, in addition to what I 
wrote before on the subject in a letter to 
a friend, .of which yon had a perusal 
when at Mysore. I now take the lirst 
instant of leisure that I can sparPi to gra- 
tify your curiosity ; and giv« f»u,' to tb« 
best of my poor abilities, the tether ^ 



1817a 



Mtmonaty 



taiU wbkh yoa wish to have on this im- 
poriant sul^iect. 

I have nothing, or very little, to add 
to what I said in my fi^rmer letter to a 
^endy ooooeniiflg the lew coogregationa 
«f the Native Chiistians of the Lirtheraa 
peiaaasion. . The tuauagement of these 
congn^atioite was always entrusted to the 
care of indepeadrnt. Lutheran, mission- 
aries, sent from Denmark, and Germany, 
chie^ the latter countiy ; whose chief 
establishment has been to this day at 
Tranqvebor, from which place mission- 
aries are seat co attend the fonr princifial 
congregations of this sect, .settled at Ma- 
dras, Trichittopoly, Tanjore, and Orissa. 

The management of the by far more 
naraerous congregations of the Christians 
of the Catholic persuasion, dispersed over 
aeveral parts of the country, from the 
banks of the Krishna to Cape Comorin,- 
is entrusted fo the oare of two titular 
archbishops^ two titular bishops, and 
three bishops, la partdbus, with. the 
title of Vicars Apostolic. 

The two archbisbops.Are that of Goa,. 
the metropolitan of all India, taking also 
the title of Primate of tbe Esfit, and that 
cif Crauganorc, on the Malabar coast. This 
last has been ^'aciwt these twenty years ; 
and the archbishopric has been, during, 
this period, administered by a General 
Vicar appointed by the Metropolitan. 
Archbishop of Goa, 

The two bishoprics are, that of St. 
Thome near Irladras, and that of Cochin, 
hoth vacant also for. a period of fifteen or 
sixteen years ; the distracted state of Eu- 
rope not having yet allowed the court of 
Portugal to fiU these three vacant sees. 
During the interval, the two latter are 
administered, as well as tbe former, by 
general vicarr appointed by the Metiopo^ 
litan of Goa, who is now the alone sur- 
viving amopg .the four titular bishops in 
India. 

These four titular bishops were at all 
times appointed by the court of Portugal ; 
which always claimed tbe right of exclu- 
sive patronage oa the religious affairs ia 
India, and, at all times, endeavoured . to 
prevent the CathoUc princes of oiber na- 
tions tnm sendjog missionaries to this 
country. However, these pretended rights 
were overlooked- by the holy see, which, 
from the beginning, used its paramount 
avthority in spiritual affairs, and appoint- 
ed hishops, in partibui, with the title of 
Vicars Apostolic, under the immediate 
antbority of the cpngregation De l^ropa- 
ganddL Fide, and quite independent of tho 
titular bishops appointed iu India by the 
court of Portugal. 

TIie«e Vicars Apostolic holding their 
tpiritoal authority immediately .from the 
congregation De Propaganda Fide, are 
three in number in the Peninsula. One 
Ikfm at Bombay^ another at Virap<^y, 

Aiiatic Joum^/*^" No. IS. 



InUUigenU. 73 

near Cochin ; and the last at Poadicl^erry. 
Every one among them has a small body 
of missionaries^ both Eur6peans and na- 
tives, to visit and attend the congregations 
under his charge. The number of Euro- 
pean missionaries is, at present, very 
much reduced. The distracted state of 
Europe having prevented a new supply of 
persons of this description, during these 
past twenty-iive years, all those surviving 
are old or infirm ; and the Catholic mis* 
sions in this country are threatened with 
a total extinction, by the want of Euro- 
pean missionaries ; the black clergy now 
extant, being by all means unqnalitiied to 
have the^maas^ement of them, if left to 
their own resomces. 

You see, therefore, that there are, ia- 
ally seven Catholic bishops in the Peninsu- 
la, to manage the business of the Catholic 
religion. 

Toeoknmence with the Metropolitan 
Archbishop of Goa.. He has under his 
immediate jurisdiction the largest num- 
ber of Christians of every description. I 
was credibly informed that they amounted 
to about 500,000 souls : and, when it is, 
considered that four-fifths, at least, of 
the whole population in the Portuguese 
establishments are Christians, and that 
out of about 200,000 native Christians' 
to be found in the island of Ceytoa (which 
country is under his spiritual jurisdic- 
tion), 140,000 are of the Catholic persua- 
sion),* I am led to believe tliatthis num- 
ber is not exaggerated. This Archbishop 
has a numerous bUick clergy, educated in 
the seminaries at Goa, and composed of 
between two and three thonsand Indian, 
priests, mouks, or friars. 

Next to the Archbishop of Goa, comes 
the Archbishop of Cranganore (vacant). 
His mission was also flourishing seventy 
years back. He then reckoned under his 
jurisdiction, which extended to Ma- 
dura, and other countries to the banks 
of the Krishna, about 200,000 Neophites. 
At the present time, by the reasons stated 
in my ft)rmer letter to a friend, this num- 
ber is reduced to 35 or 40,000. 

The Bishopric of Cochin (now vacant) 
contains, as I understood^ about 30,000 
Cliristian Natives. 

The Bishopric of St. Thom6, near Ma- 
dras, has. under its jurisdiction aboiit 
60,000 Christians, natives, half-castes, 

&c. 

Amoug the three Vicars Apostolic, who 
are independent of the titular bishops, 
and hold immediately their religious pow-j 
ers from the congregation De Propaganda 
Fide at Boine, that living at Bombay has 
the most scanty mission ; the number of 
Christians of every description, under his 
jurisdiction, not exoeeditig 10,00 0. This 

~« The remaining '60,000 tre of the CaUipUt 
penitasioD, under the direction of the »v^cn 
Calviotot Mi»sionar)ti, 

V»i. III. L 



7* 



MmioiiAry Intdligence. 



£Jai«. 



ntiflsion it attended bf Italian Carmelite 
friars. 

The Vicar Apoatolic at Pondicherryy 
from whom I derive my spiritual powera, 
exercises his religious jorisdictiou over 
the Carnatic, Mysore, and Northern Cir- 
ears ; and we reckon between 34 and 
36,000 native Christians under our con« 
trol. 

The mission under the • control of 
ht Vicar Aposlalic of Virapoly, near 
CochiA, is also managed by Italian 
Carmelite Friars. It is the most flau4 
rishiug of the three^ and extends chiefly 
to the Travancore country. This mis- 
sion reckons 80,000 native Christians, 
attended by about 1 00 native priests, edu* 
cated by tlie Italian Carmelites, at pre- 
sent three or four in number, in their 
semina^ at Virapoly. This mission has 
under its jurisdiction both Syrlflo and 
liatin priests, to officiate with the con- 
gregations of both rites settled in the 
Travaneore eountry. This is the oidy 
mission in India in Which converts are 
still made among the heathen inhabi- 
tants. I have it from good authority, 
that between four and Ave hundred adult 
heathens are yearly christened in this 
mission: and that this number could be 
oonshierably increased, should the mis- 
aionnies {kHi^ess adequate means for the 
purpose. The cause of sudi extraordinary 
successes, which are, at the present time, 
to be met with no where else in India, i» 
the following ; 

ThelYavancore country is diiefly inha- 
bited by the tribe of Nalrs, which >»v ^ 
all the castes of Indian^, the most nice 
and severe about the observation of its 
usages and regulations; and which, for 
the most trifling transgressions of the 
same, drives out of the caste the trans- 
gressors, without any hope of reconciw 
liation. These outcasts behig, therefore, 
left without help or connexions in society, 
after their ezpnlsion, and shunned by all, 
have no other resource left than to be- 
come converto, either to Christianity or 
Mahomedanism, and they ordinarily em- 
Vhioe this course: yet the greater oiitn- 
ber of these outcasts prefer Mahome- 
danism to Christianity s Mahomedanism 
holding out to them greater temporal 
advatetages> and not imposifigupoh them 
«o many restraints as Christianity. 

Since I am speaking about the Chris- 
tiana living in Tmvancore, this will be 
the place to gii« yoa snchhifonnation ki 
my|x>wer, ki you wish toharey on the 
Mestorian Congregations settled in that 
eoumiy. In addition to tvhat I related 
on the snbjeet in my limner ktter to a 
friend. 

This seat, whidi hat oMgMgttioiis of 
fts own persuasion, to the number of 
about 15,000 souls. In the Trarancorc 
oonntry, still obstinately adhefts to tlie 
reUgiooB teneto bdd by tha hMsiarch 



Nestorius ; whose errors, eondemned, at- 
flrst, in the General Council of . Ephesus^ 
and, aftei^ards, in that of Calcedony, 
when renewed by fiutyches and Diosco- 
rus, were the oocasiou of so many reli- 
gious controversies, and animosities, and 
excited so many troubles in the churoh, 
ftom the fifth to the eighth century. 
• ^Fheir leading error is, as you know^ 
about the mystery of the locarnatfon. 
They reject the authority of the first four 
General Councils, which are, as yoir 
know, the first of Nice, the first of 
Constantinoi^e, that of Ephesus, and that 
of Calcedony , .in which councils the 
Christian faith upon the Incarnation was 
dearly defined, and vindicated against 
the new-fangled doctrines of Anus, Nes- 
torios> Etttych^s, and other sectaries^ 
They> of course, reject the three Creeds ; 
viz. that of Nice, the Apostles'. Creed, 
and the Athanasian Creed; all admitted 
by both Catholics and Protestants. 

Their chief error, which tends to no 
less than to destroy all the economy of 
the mystery of the Incarnation, is to 
acknowledge two distinct and separate 
persons in Christ. Both the €atholic and 
Protestant faith, on this subject, is to 
admit, in Qirist, two distinct natures^ 
inseparably united in a single person. 

The same errors are, to this day, oh- 
stinately upheld by the native Nestorians 
living in Travanoore. 

Thie sect has preserved the eoolesiasti- 
cal hierarchy, consisting of a patriaidiy 
hishops, priests, and an inferior clergy* 
The patriarch, to whom they own obe- 
dience in spiritual eoncerns, stylet} him^- 
self Patriarchof Babylon, and lives hi Per- 
sia, in a place the name of which I have 
forgotten.* Their bishops are delegated 
by him ; and have a paramount authority 
ever tlie inferior dergy ordained by them, 
hy the imposition of hands, &c. 

I cannot say how many sacraments 
they admit. Some of my informers said 
five; some four; and some only three ^^ 
but they all a§nreed that holy orders were 
oonslderedbv them as a true sacrament. 

Beth the GathoHe and Nestorian clergy 
nse the ancient Syriac language (new a 
dead teugue), in their Utorgy and reli- 
gloos eeremoaies. 

llie Nestorians had a native hlAop of 
tbeir own tribe, who, lahonring under a 
mental infirmity, oonkl not, on that ao- 
eount, consecrate his snoeessor before his 
death, which happened about five yeaia 
ago ; so that, to the past year, they were 
yei without a bishop ; as it was necessary 
for the person designated to fill this dig- 
nity, to perform a jonmey to Persia, in 
ordel* to reeeive the episcopal consecration 
f^Om their patrianlh. 

(7*0 be eoueiwM in our nutt) 



««*nmM 



mim 



mmm 



• MsaMO* 



1817.3 



i 75 ) 



POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE, CIVIL AND 

MILITARY. 



EMBASSY to CHINA. 
Bxtraet of a Letter from St. Helena, ddted 

on board the Grenville, 2Zd Oct, 1816. 

** I have just time to say we Arrived 
liere this moraing, after a very good pas- 
sage, considering the eastern route we 
came, having sailed from Macao the 1 6th 
July, ^d were,,detained a few days for 
Lord Amherst's dispatches, who. then pro- 
ceeded on towards Tu-chu-lee where he 
was to he met hy some mandarins of 
high rank. to conduct him to Pekin ; the 
Emperor had written a very favourahle 
letter^ which was received hy his Lordship 
while I was with him. The captain of 
the shipfiirmais waiting for this." 

JE:ttract of a Letter from Macaoy ^ted 
l^A July, 1816. 
'* You may he anxious to hear some- 
thing about the embassy. The Emperor 
has given it a favourable reception ; but 
people's expectations are raised too high 
in England not to be di&appointed. If it 
adcompliflh no more than Lord Macart- 
ney's we shall be quite satisfied. Lord 
Amherst did not cqme into Macao roads, 
;bttt joined Sir Geoiige Staunton off the 
Lema, where he had been for some days 
.waiting his Lordship's arrival. 'They 
.proceeded to Tieu Sing in the province of 
'Pe-chy-ly about two days siifce. The de- 
-liK^hment from the factory consists of Sir 
.George. Staunton, Mr. ToOne, and Mr. 
ifiavis, sapracargoes ; Mr. Pearson, sur- 
tgeoii* Mn Morrison, interpreter, and a 
■Mr. Alannsng;" 

FORT WILLIAM PBESIDENGY. 

Insurrection at Bareilly. — We have 
.extracted from the Calcutta Gazette an 
account of a serious disturbance at Ba- 
reilly ; it is contained in a letter from an 
' officer on the spot. 

« Bareilly, 22d ApHl. 
** You wUl BO doubt be astonished to 
hear that a most sanguinary conflict took 
place here yesterday. The inhabitants of 
the city had for some time refused to pay 
the contributions for defraying the ex- 
pense of the Chokidhari establishment ; 
and made the introduction of the arrange- 
ment a pretext for a general rising against 
the established authorities. On the I6th, 
as Mr. Dambleton was riding in the dty, 
the mob attacked and killed two of his 
horsemen ; when he sent fpr a .small 
party of the Provincial Battalion, who 
killed and wounded ten or twelve of the 
assailants. Some of the Moosulman Nu- 
wabs, and all the idle vagabonds in the 
place, immediately quitted th^ir houses, 
^ and assembled at the Musjid In the old 
' towiLTWo companies, with two six-pound- 
€n, imder CaptainBo6caweii> were order* 



ed down to dispei^e them, but had jn- 
structjons not to fire unless tlie insurgents 
did so first. .Captain Boscawen nioyed 
late iu the night, and took his station 
close to the mob. In the morning the 
rioters had become so very numerous^ 
that Captain B. although h^ found his 
position disadvantageous in several res- 
pects, did notveoture to change it least 
the movement might bring on a ^her:^ 
attac^. During the 17th, the rebel party 
increased hourly, and became very inso- 
lent to pur officers and men. Sevieral 
messages passed from them to the civil 
power, in which . they held out such 
threats>.that it was deemed necessary to 
isend an express for the part of Captain 
Cunningham's horse stationed at Moorad- 
jabad. On the )8tb, the insurgents were 
joined by several thousands of match *Qck 
and swordsmen from Kamppor, Pillibeet^ 
and the Kuwab's proviuces. Captaia 
TBosca wen's party consisted only of two 
hundred and seventy men of his own bat- 
talion, and about pne hundred and twen- 
ty of the provincial battalion. An ex- 
press was therefore sent for the 1st bat- 
talion 13th ; and another for more trpQps 
from Futtighur. On the 20tli the rebels 
.were joined by about fifteen hundred Pu- 
thans armed with swords, from Pillibeet. 
^rhey talked of attacking our. detachment; 
made the dispute appear a religious one ; 
planted four green standard^, and posted 
; strong picquets within ten yards of our 
men ; and told them that h was ridicu- 
culous to attempt to make any resistance. 
It was true, they said, we had two guns ; 
but these they would take with the loss 
of fifty or sixty mep. Captain Cunning- 
ham had arrived her^, with about four 
hundred and fifty men of his corps, on the 
morning of the l9th, after marching six- 
ty-fbur miles in fifteen hours; iand had 
been obliged to take up a position about 
half a mile in front of Captain Boscawen's 
right flank. — Between them lay a yfi^e 
pUdu interspersed with tombs ; the yvhole 
of which was occiupietd by the rebels^ It 
seems th^t they intended to at tack, our 
troops on the night of the 20th ; but found 
. them too much on the jalert. Early on 
the morning of the 2ist, they gpt mtelli- 
gence of the approach of M^jpr, Richards' 
hattalion, and knowing that it wou\dJI)e 
up by mid-day, they at six o'clock com- 
menced the business by killing young Air. 
Leycester, who was walking unarmed l»e- 
tween one of their outposts and p^ptain 
Cunningham's station. — Previously io 
this, they had never obj^ted to pur fi^- 
cers passing from one detachment to tne 
other.— They now began thegeiifral at- 
tack, and sdon.sanrounded Captain. Bm- 

L 2 



16 



Political Intelligence. 



ZSa^ 



cawen's small party, which consisted only 
of two biuidred.and seventy regulars, six- 
ty provincials, and two guns. The at- 
tacking force amounted at least* to five 
thousand matchlocks, seven thousand 
swordsmen, and a large body armed with 
spears and dubs. The detachment had 



The Commander in Chief has at length 
been put in possession of the several par^ 
ticnlars relative to the conduct of the 
different detachments of troops engaged 
Mrith the insurgents at BareUly, on the 
21st of April, and his Lordship has pecu^ 
liar satisfaction in pronouncing, that the 



scarcely been formed into a square, when intrepidity and discipline shewn on the 



the Puthans made a desperate charge, 
sword in hand, and had nearly succeeded 
In taking one of the gnns, having actually 
cut into the square, when Captain Bos- 
cawen cheered our brave fellows, who 
soon drove them out with immense loss. 
Captain Cunningham, who had with him 
four hundred and fifty of his own corps, 
and sixty of the provincial battalion un- 
der its adjutant Lieutenant Lucas, at the 



occasion reflect the highest honour oa 
both officers and men. ■ 

Captain Boscawen, comm:andiDg the 
field on the day, displayed eminent judge* 
ment, as wdl as exemplary valour. 'Rie 
zealous courage manifested t)y Lieutenants 
Vetch, Hayes, and Hogan, worthily emu- 
lated by the native ofiicers, non-commfs- 
sioned officers, and sepoys of the detach- 
ment of the 2d battalion, 27th Native 



same time made a chaige at a large body Infantry, has added fresh Taurel9 to the 

opposed to him ; but at first without sue- trophies which before distinguished that 

cess, the enemy being posted in a garden respectable corps. Major Hearsay and 

ivith a deep ditch around it. Lieutenant Lieut. Smith, formerly of SkiBnier*s Ca- 

Xucas at length succeeded with the Pro- valry, who volunteered their services witb 

vincials, who behaved in the most gallant this detachment, have, by their exertions. 

Style. Indeed it was remarked by every entitled themselves to participate in his 



oflicer, that no troops were seen to sur- 
pass them* in the use of thjg bayohet. 
Captain Boscayen now ordered a compa- 
ny of the 27th to storm a grove surround- 
ea by a brick wall, in which the insur- 
gents were in great force. Our noble 
lads succeeded, and kept possession of it 
in spite of three desperate attempts of the 
enemy to retake it. Hei« sad havoc was 
'made amongst them. After an hour 'and 
a quarter's hard work, Dur fellows set 
fire to the huts of the old town, on which 



triumph. 

lliough the auimationfand the firmness 
of attachment with which Captain Cun- 
ningham Inspired the portion of Robilla. 
cavalry under his commaad, is the best 
panegyric of his own behaviour, the Com- 
mander in Chief cannot forbear indulgiti|^ 
himself in applauding the ligour and de^ 
cision exhibited by Captain Cunningham. 
Lieutenant Turner of the Q8th Native In^ 
fantry, and Lieutenant £. C. Sneyd of the 
3d Native Infantry, who had offered their 



the rebels gave ground in every direction, .voluntary assistance, rendered it in a man- 



and at length retreated to the new dty. 
Our loss of course has been very severe : 
but I am happy to say, we have not an 
- officer killed or wounded. The enemy 
must have had at least five hundred and 
fifty killed, and eight or nine hundred 
"wounded. Had the rascals succeeded, 
every European in the city would have 
"been murdered. The arrival of Major 
' Richards' battalion, which maixhed sixty- 
four miles with its guns in thirty- seven 
hours, prevented them from rallying — 
and quiet, if not peace, was restored to 
the city." 

Letters from Bareilly of the 14th May, 
Intimate that the tranqnillity of the city 
remained undisturbed, and that a com- 
mission had been appointed to try the 
prisoners secured during the insurrection 
of the ^Ist April. The gentlemen of the 
civil service resident at that station have, 
i/vith a nsoot becoming feeling of liberality, 
raised a subscription to provide for the 
ifamilies of all who fell in the action, and 
Jiave resolved on presenting a sabre to 
each of the officers engaged, as a fiUnt 
mark of their gratitude for their distin- 
guished services on that trying occasion. 



ner which meets with due estimation froia 
the Commander in Chief. The native 
commissioned and non-commisioned oA- 
cers and men, in addition to the boast of 
brilliant spirit shewn by them on this oc- 
casion, have to pride themselves on the 
generous disdain with which they spumed 
all the artful but impudent seductions 
employed to debauch them from their duty. 

Tills honourable devotion was equally 
shewn by part of the Bareilly Provincial 
B'lttallon, which, notwithstanding its ha- 
bitual ties witli those who were arrayed 
in opposition to the British colours, loyally 
discharged its engagements to the state.. 

Lieutenant Lucas, whose ability con- 
ducted them, and whose bravery was their 
example, must have been doubly gratified 
by seeing that it was as impracticable to 
shake their fidelity as their courage. Con- 
duct as truly noble, as this inflexible ad- 
herence of the two last-mentioned corps 
to their standards, will not fail to meet a 
flattering reward. The unconquerable 
steadiness with which the Golundauze 
stood to the cannon, gave them their fhli 
share in the honour of the day. 

/a^o^/iqfc.— Akhbars from Holkar'a 



The following are the general orders of camp relate a number of triflinq skhr* 
the Commander in Chief, dated Fort mishea of the outposts of the contending 
WiUiam, 27tb May, 18 W, parties, at Jypoor Mabanja, Jnget Singh, 



mi.-] 



axid Amir Khan ; but from otber sources 
we are favoured with important intelli- 
geQce from that quarter. 

During the early part of that month. 



PoUttcat InteUigence. Tf 

draw to their own eiksmpmeflf, Teerving' 
four hundred nieu on the AeM. The other 
dividion was led by Mahabnt Khan, and 
was beaten with equal gallantry by Man^ 



Meer Khan put his threat of beleaguering jee Dass. The loss on the side of Jypoor 



the city of Jypoor into execution ; and on 
the morning of tlie I2th, the day in which 
our private advices commence, *we find 
him pushing the siege with as much acti- 
vity as the unwieldiness of his means, and 
the unskilfulness of his engineers, would 
admit. He was, in co-operation with 
lUja Bahadoor and Colonel Muhabut 



amounted only to two hundred men. It 
is said, that the Muharaja haviug ascend- 
ed the Rung Muhul, viewed the battle 
from afar. — Our accounts dose in- the 
following manner, and we cannot help re- 
gretting that they slwnld abruptly bi-eak 
off at a moment of such criticid Import- 
ance : *' Umeer Khan has encamped in 



Khan, engaged during nearly the whole of the garden of Barejee Sahib, and Hitendsi 
this day in superintending the construe- to storai. Rao Chand Singfi having re- 



tion of his batteries. In the evening these 
chiefs advanced close to the walls of the 
city, and mnch firing from the artillery on 
both sides took place. A second battery 
was opened near a place named Deenati 
Ram's Garden. The troops of Jypoor, 
being mucli in arrears, were clamorous 
for pay, and obstinately refused to go to 
battle without a previous compliance with 
their demands. Manjee Dass assured 
them that measures would be immediately 
taken to satisfy them. Information was 
this day received that . Jysing Raog- 
ghurwalu, had captured the cityof Sheo- 
poor, and placed John Baptiste, its late 
possessor, ui close confinement. Sheo- 
poor was formerly occupied by Jysing 
Baogo. — On the 14th, Raja Buhadoor and 
Jumshed Khan advanced to attack Rao 
.Chand Singh, the Jypoor commander in 
chief; while Muhabut Khan engaged 
Manjee Dass, the Buhkshee. Umer Khan 
remained at Dougree observing the action. 



ported to Manjee Das's, that be required 
3 reinforcement, the latter went to his 
battery aud sent him two guns and some 
Nagtths. Mnnth Khau, a companion of 
Rao Chund Singh, is killed in action." 

Akhbars subsequently leave the Raja*^ 
tent, sunounded by groups oii disaffected 
officers, who ha\'e again had recourse to 
the process of setting Dhnrna to extort a 
scanty supply of money from their rm- 
poverished master. Accustomed to* ob- 
serve the extreme irregularity of the na- 
tive courts^ in paying the salaries' of their 
retainers, we had no idea that this systent 
could have been carried to i^neh an ex- 
tent, as in the case before ns. The Rani 
confesses that the wholeof the army, offi- 
cers, and soldiers, are creditors for thirty- 
seven months' pay, during which period 
they have only received a few casoal sums, 
unwillingly doled out for the purpose of 
quelling seditious movements. The Ms^- 
ratta horse, indeed-, having grants of 



A heavy fire of artillery was maintained lau^, may not be in so great want ; b«t 
some time. The position of Rao Chand the Hindoostani troopers and Kndaree 
Singh was three times furiously assaulted bordes, being soldiers of fortune, mainly 
by the united divisions of Raja Buhadoor, depend upon theirdaily gains. Stai-vatibn 
Jumshed Khan, and Mahubut Khan, who is found a most effectual disperser of such 

. , . , .., , ill organized forces. Umeer Khan is iu 

the mean time endeavouring to subsist 
his followers by a precarious sdbsistence 
ravaged from the wasted province of Jy- 
poor. The district of Ujurdul was plun- 
dered by his personal troops, whilst he 
was negociating a treaty of offence and 
defence with Lukmun Singh of Leekar. 

Another division of the Afghan fofrces, 
commanded by Mahtab Khan, was sta- 
tioned more to the southward in the vi- 
cinity of Hindoun ; and had defeated the 
troops of the Rsga of Kuroutee, and oV 
tained a ransom of seven thousand rupees 
from that chief. Jumsher Khan again, 
after plundering Dhubra, part of the Jy- 
poor Ranee's patrimony, had established 
his head quarters at Sambhur, to the east 
of the capital. The Raja remains cooped 
up iu his palace, wasting his time in use- 
less exclamations against the unmerited 
cruelty of his fortune, and in devising 
vain expedients for the expulsion of his 
numerous enemies. The few troops which 
he has left are in a starving condition, and 



were successively repulsed with great loss. 
Mahubut Khan's horse suffered very se- 
verely. Meanwhile Jumshed Khan's ca- 
valry g^ned possession of Manjee Dass' 
garden, from which they were shortly 
driven with great slaughter by the Naguhs 
or naked fakeers, in the service of 
Singh. Jumshed Khan having however 
come up with a reinforcement of 3000 
men and three pieces of cannon, succeeded 
in retaking and keeping this long- disputed 
post. The engagement lasted six hours, 
and the firing from the batteries was kept 
up during the night. Next morning 
Umeer Khan renewed the attack in two 
divisions. One of these composed of 
Jumshed Khan and Raja Buhadoor's 
forces, he headed in person, and assaulted 
the post of Rao Chand Singh with great 
Smpetuosity. There was much close fight- 
ing with swords, muskets, and daggers ; 
but owing to the great bravery of the Rao 
of the Naguhs, the Meer's troops could 
make no impression, and after four times 
irpeating the attack^ were forced to with- 



^$ Tdiiical Intelligence^ CJ^^« 

desertion is become freqqent amongst benevolence and justice, which at present 
tiem.— The negociations between Run- characterise the British nation. 



LONDON. 
Seringapatam Medals, — Those medals, 
which were voted by tlie Company to the 
troops employed at the capture of Serin- 
gapatam, and which remain undistributed 
in India,.are to be sent home for the pur- 
pose of being delivered to those officers of 
his Majesty's and the Company's army 
engaged in that important service, who 
have since returned to England. 

We have much satisfaction in calling 
the attention of our readers belonging to 
the CompHny*s military service, to the 
resolution of the Court of Directors, in 
which they determined to grant medals 
and badges for military services of dis- 
tinguished merit.— We refer to the Debate 
at page 65 of this number, forparticulais. 

The Directors of the East India Com- 
pany, with a liberality according with 
their general practice, with a laudable de- 
sire to alleviate the pressure of the present 
moment, have determined to retain ia 
their employ, during the winter, upwards 
of five hundred extra labourers, who, but 
for such humane consideration, would 
have been discharged. These men are 
in addition to above two thousand five 
hundred labourers on the Company's 
regular establishment. 

In addition to this, we esteem it a jus- 
tice to add, that Messrs. Fox and Co. of 
Wellington, have contracted to supply the 
East India Company with a quantity of 
woollens, at a price producing but little 
profit to themselves, but providing em- 
ployment to the labouring poor of that 
town till about the end of March. 

Capt. F. Buchanan, late Commander of 
the H. C.'s shipPerseverance, has been ap- 
pointed by the Court of Directors, Marine 
Storekeeper at Bombay, on the death of 
"Mr, Lukey. 

LONDON GAZETTE. 
The Prince Regent has granted to Earl 
Moira the dignities of Viscount Eai'l and 
Marquis of the United Kiuf^dom, by the 
titles of Viscount Loudon, Earl of Raw- 
don, and Marquis of Hastings. 
His Royal Highness the Prince Re- 
fo to the Vizier, and ten lacs to Runjeet. gent has been pleased in the name and 
The latter part of the story is not en- on the behalf of his Majesty, to appoint 
titled to credit. Mi^oi^-^i^cr^ SirDavidOchterlony,Bart. 

BOMBAY. and Knight Commander of the Most Ho- 

On the 7th July last, the church at nourable Military Order of the Bath, to 
liombay, which was constructed above a be a Knight Grand Cross of the said Most 
century <ago, was solemnly consecrated by Honourable Military Order, 
the Lord Bishop of Calcutta, and dedicated 
to St. Thomas. 

CEYLON. 
The Dutdi inhabitants of Columbo have 
declared their intention of liberating the 
children of their slaves born on, or subse- 



jeet Sing and the Nabob of Mooltan were 
still OB foot, wlien our letters were closed 
at Umrutser on the 10th May. — ^The 
Mooltan envoy, on the part of his princi- 
pal, had agreed to the payment of a fur- 
ther sum of 60,000 rupoes ; and had gone 
with Runjeet's Deewan, Bhowanee Dass, 
to the capital in order to press the matter. 
Meanwhile Runjeet pushed the negocia- 
tions by warlike movements, and bold 
threats of every description^ He had even 
proposed the siege of Mooltan to a mili- 
tai7 council ; but was deterred by the ad- 
vice of his. officers, who dreaded the effect 
of the, extreme heat on the army. A 
akirmish'had taken place, but without 
Bunj,eet*s approbation, in which about 
sixty men were killed and wounded. This 
ambitious Piince appears determined that 
he shall have neither rival nor equal in his 
neighbourhood. No sooner had he brought 
the ^spuies with Mooltan to a favourable 
tiearing, than he dispatched an officer to 
claim tribute from Mohummed Khan, 
Nabob of Bhukur. This spirited chief 
replied, that he had never acknowledged 
^ny superior, and would not do so uow, 
hut that he was vei7 willing to inter- 
change presents for the purpose of esta- 
t)lishing friendship. Runjeet immediately 
«)rdered Dhokul Singh, and a division of 
tibe army, to cross the Numoon and lay 
i^ege to his fort. Meanwhile, however, 
the Nabob died, and was replaced by his 
grandson Sher Khan. Rimjeet then sent 
a messenger to condole with his successor, 
^nd present to him a caparisoned horse, 
and several honorary robes ; at the same 
time that he ordered him to deliver up a 
lac of rupees without delay— « refined 
ipecies. of barbarous policy, which the 
young man will not fail to repay, if he has 
any portion of his grandfather's spirit, 
and bis character correspond with his 
paoie. — It was rumoored at Labor, that 
the two brothers, Futtih Khan, Vizier of 
Cabool, and Mohnmmud' Usieem Khan, 
Governor of Cashmeer, had after a long 
jfend been reconciled ; and that the latter 
was collecting the revenue of that deligbt- 
{ul province, of which fifteen lacs would 



Lieut. Col. Burnett and Lieut. Col. 
O'Halloran of the Hon. Company's Bengal 
Military Establishment, are appointed 
Companions of the Order of the Bath. 

Brevet. — Capt. J. Salmond, of the H. 
E. India Company's sei-vice, to be Major 



qnent to, the last anniversary of the Prince in the East Indies only. MajorJ. Sal- 
'Regent's birth-day— a most noble eulo- mond, of the H. E. India Comp's service, 
gium and homage to the principles of to be Lieut. CoL in the East Indies only 



W17.] 



( » ) 



COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. 



EXPORTS FROM CALCUTTA. 

Statement shewing the quantities antt 
value of Goods ej'por ted from Calcutta^ 
by sea, in the month qf March, 1816. 

Md9. Srs. G. 

Indigo 20,493 18 e§ 

Silk 6i9 7 5 

Cotton, 

To London 936 23 

Ditto China.. 45,360 36 2 
Ditto !»le of France2l6 
Ditto Padang.... 204 20 9 

16,917 39 2 

Piece Goods. Pieces. 

To London 6,254 

Ditto Lisbon 55,962 

NewYorlc 52,918 

Boston 44,512 

Providence 43,2U 

Salem 21,352 

^2,24,238 

Mds. Srs. C. 

Angar : 5,108 34 8 

Saltpetre 2^015 25 

Safflower 547 35 7 

LacDye 25 19 14 

ShellLac 727 22 

$eedLac 484 30 

Pepper 1270 6 7 



Imported from the interior of the countrf 
inM^reb,1816. 

Indigo, 354 Chests, \ i toi: ,q ^r 
Wg.Fv. Md^. j-. •..*,&»& l» 5i 

Lac Lake, 45 Chests"! ^^ <^ ' 

Wg. BaEaar Mds. /' * • ' <>' ^ «» 

Large quantities of Cotton, it is ez« 
pected, will be exported this year, from 
Calcutta to Canton, The following ar^ 
said to be the vessels freighted for China, 
partly with this article- 
Fame, -^ ^ ^with 5>000 b^^ 
Earl Kellie, .§■ f "" ^*^^ 
Blucher, igl ^4,500 
General Palmer, f ^ j — 3,000 
Pascpe, J ^ I — 5,500 
Bombay Castle, J^ ^ ^ 5,000 

Success, • ,,.,, 3,000 

Ann, 3,000 

Catherine 3,000 

General Brown, 2,200 

Resource, ».... 3,000 

Hope, 5,000 

Frances Charlotte, 4,000 

Forbes, •.. 4,500 

To this may be added, from Bombay^ 
30,000 bales in the Honourable Company'! 
ships ; and 25>0O0 in private ships ; mak* 
ing the whole export this year» abou| 
134,500 hales^ which may be vajUiedal 
nearly a cror« of rupees. 



COLLEGE AT FORT WILLIAM. 



We are enabled to give a list, according 
to the latest report of the students at 
the College of Fort William, who were 
found qualified to enter upon public ser- 
vice—Messrs. Macnanghton, Dick, Ca- 
vandish, Monckton, Dantze. B. Taylor, 
D. C. Smyth, N. Smith Maddock, Glass, 
Dale, Nisbet, Murray, Walker, R. J. 
Taylor, Liod, Boddam, Ward, Creigfaton. 

*< The following extracts from reports 
of the Committee at the College at Fort 
William, on the examination of Lieute- 
nant Smith, in Persian, and of Lieute- 
nants Young and Rankin, aad Ensign 
Pcesoott, in the Hindustani language^ faai:e 
^een published in the Governmsot Q»- 
^ette at Madras. , 

<' Report dated 3d May, 18l6s'-<-Lieii« 
tenant Young speaks the (Hindustani) 
language with great fluency; and to 
many of the questions put to him by the 
Mansbi, he replied at copsideraUq 
lei^tb) displaying in his answ«rs a seady 
^(MMMUid of words, and m 9<peurat« 
knoirltdfe of theidiooi. HM 9mmh 



ments in translation were not inferior 
to those displayed in his conversationi 
The vcsrsion into Hindustani was exe- 
cuted with extreme elegance, and with an 
much accuracy, that we were not able to 
discover a single orthographical error in 
the whole composition. The trauslatioA 
into English was equally credible to Mr« 
Young's abilities and exertions.- We 
have, therefore^ ffeeaX satisfaction in Ae- 
livering our opinion that this gentleman 
is eminently eiKtUled-to the usual hono- 
rary reward to which we beg leave iq 
reiconunend him accordingly." 

Report dated 22d May.-^'* In the more 
-easy task of translating from the native 
into the English language, these three 
gentlemen were equally successful— they 
translated the sevei^ tasks assigned t|iem 
with entire accuracy^ and with a perfect 
knowledge of the tenor of the original. 
The translation of Lieutenant Smith, froni 
English into Persian, calls for ft higher 
tribute of praise, than can be .awarded 
to «pcuracy.Q»ly, U was a (npsjl^ .^egant 



IX) CivU CoUfige 

paraphrase of a very simple fable from 
PHpay, and abounded in all those terms 
of expression' to which the natives affix 
a value when expressing themselves in 
the Persian language. Had the colloquial 
powers of Lieutenant Smith been equal 
to his skill in translation we should have 
tiad no hesitation in placing him very 
high among the first of those who liave 
cfyme before us. Lieutenant Smith's style 
in conversation, however, is far fr<»m 
defective, and his pronunciation is not 
liable to any particular objection." 

** The translations of Lieut. Rankin 
and Knsjgu Prescott into Hindustani 
were executed in a very respectable style, 
which, without holding forth any claims 
to dtstingulslied elegance, possessed the 
substantial merit of being extremely clear 
and intelligible. Mr. Prescott's transla- 
tion was without a fault, and Lieut. 
Rankin's exhibited very few, and those 
of a trifling description. 

'< in the colloquial part of the ex- 



at HaUeyhury* :[^jak* 

ami nation, Lieut. Rankin was sufl^ciently 
successfdt, and Ensign Prescott particu- 
larly so ; and adverting to the very short 
period which has elapsed since the ar- 
rival of the latter in the country, and 
the still shorter term Qf his studies, (only 
nine months) we cannot forbear express- 
ing our high sense of the talents and 
assiduities, which have led to such ac- 
quirements in a space of time so compara- 
tively trifling. The result of our examina- 
tion is, that we consider .tliesc three 
gentlemen particularly .entitled to the 
usual honorary reward, to which we beg 
leave to recommend them accordingly." 

The Governor in Council has conferred 
on Lieut. Smith of 24th regiment Native 
Infantry, the further reward established 
by the general order of 17th Nov. 1812, 
for his proficiency in the Persian lan- 
guage, and the usual donation for^the* 
acquirement of the Hindustani, on Lieu- 
tenants R. Young and A. Rankin, and 
Ensign F. A. Prescott. 



CIVIL COLLEGE AT HAILEYBURY. 



We have been favoured with the follow- 
ing account of the proceedings at Hert- 
ford College, OB the 19th of December, 
when a deputation of the Court of Direc- 
tors visited that institution, for the nur- 
pose of reeeivipg the report of the College 
Council as to theJ«»ultof the generi^ ex- 
amination of the students then recently 
concluded, and of presentijig the prizes 
awarded to such of the students as had 
distinguished themselves. 

The deputation on their arrival at the 
coU^e proceeded to the council room, 
where the undier-mentioned documents 
were laid before them. 

A report on the state of the discipline 
juid literature of the college. 

The several examination lists. 

A list of the students who had • been 
awarded prizes, and had obtained other 
honourable distinctions at the late ex- 
amination, and 

A list of the twelve best Persian 

writers. 

A list of the students then leaving the 
college for India, with the rank ^^igned 
to each .by the college council, according 
to his industry, proficiency, and general 
good behaviour. 

The report afforded the deputation very 
great satisfaction ; it appearing thereby 
that the college exhibited a gratifying as- 
pect of propriety and order, and that the 
term then on the point of conclusion had 
1»^. remarkable for a praiseworthy spirit 
of industry and emulation, the evidence 
of which was foifnd in the honourable 
an4 distiiigiuthed attaiamenta of many 



individuals. In the various departments of 
literature in which the students are in- 
structed. 

The Oriental visitor also . bore testi- 
mony to the v«7 great proficiency whiclt 
some of the students, had made .that term,, 
in the Oriental languages 

The deputation had thus the gratifica- 
tion of learning, that the institution was 
rewarding the enlightened liberality of its 
founders, by forming habits of applica- 
tion, andiJaying foundations of know- 
ledge, which could not but highly conduce 
to the honour and prosperity of the Com- 
pany's service. 

The deputation afterwards proceeded- 
to the haU, where tlie students had pre- 
viously been assembled, and the follow- 
ing proceedings took place : — . ^ 

The clerk to the committee of college 
read the list of the students, to whom 
prizes and other honourable distinctions 
had been- awarded, as well as a tist of tlie 
twelve best Persian writers, both of which' 
lists are annexed to this acoDiinC. 

Mr! (Charles James Barnetr, a stndenr 
in his second term, read an English Essay 
of his own conpositiovy the subject 'of 
which was as follows :— ** The causes Of 
the superiority of Great Britain are no. 
less moral than political ;" in which that 
gentleman displayed a cotniderable slfare 
of talent. ; * . ' 

Rieading and translating iji the Sanscrit, 
Bengalese, Arabic, Persian, aud-Hladu- 
stani languages took place, in whieh tba 
several students, who, in<»iiseq<»en»of 
their .jncrits were selected itar Ihat pjar- 



im2 cia cutkgf 

iwe, ae^iiHed lihemseket to ti», great 
aitiaiictiofi of t^e depqtatioii. 

'^Spedmens of Orientat writiog were 
exhibited. 

Prizes were iprepented agreeaMy to . the 
Htt bdpre-ineQtioQed. 

The clerk read the rank of the students 
ieaTjDgr college this term, .as settled by the 
'council, &c. 

Tlie huoiQCss of the day terminated 
with the ChaitflMn (T. Beid, Esq.) ad- 
4rQ868ing the^ students to the foUowiug 
effect:— 

Heaaidy th)» wattbeseoond time be had 
\ad the hopooc to addrem that respected 
and inceresting assemblage-«*respected 
from the character, th« talents, and su- 
Derintendaoce of the principal and pro^ 
•ibMore, and the Oriental ylsitor; and 
interesting from the oocupatidn^ tb^pro- 
Sies8» and the praspeots of the students. 

- He stated,, that it was with regret that 
be had to remark upon some irregularities 
on. the part of some of the students, in 
not attending at chapel and elsewhere ; 
%ot with thatCKception, which he trusted 
would not be necessary to remark upon 
on any future occasion, it was a !*oarceof 

- f^reaf satisfaction to the other members 
of the oominHtee of directois and himself, 
to reoeire sucli fevourable accounts of the 
goo<^ <irder and moraJity whKh prevailed, 
and to learn^ and to* observe, that such 
great progress had been made in thegene- 
ral literature of the college ; hat especially 
in the acquirement of the native languages, 
which must prove in the future iituation oi 
the students oi the utmost use p.ndimpor* 
taqee- He was partiouliMrly desirous of 
marking his senseof the attaihments ofMr. 
BouUemoaaiul Mr. Moirki in tbe Sanscrit, 
and lamented that tbe rules of tbe college 
did not penait prizes to be awarded to 
them on that point. They might be aa- 
tnred^ however, of the essential use this 
additional acquirement might be to them, 
and he exhorted the other young gentle- 
men to follow their example. 

7^ those who had yet fiome time to re- 
aiain in the icoUege, he anxiously and 
earnestly ^commended to continue more 
and more in the pursuit of the advantages 
#ivbich they had in part acquired, and in 
Uif^t orderly and moral condnct on which 
lie had previously remarked. 

lb tbo«B who were about to departs 
i^anv of whom bad markedly distinguish- 
ed tnemselves, he advised in terms of 
eMKf Ihc nm and reoMWhranee of the 
astcelttni edJKfltion th^ had received, 
aii4 aa they vere now tQ embark on t^e 
. pidtponnt^life, ha ttusted they v^onld 
4aM9rv»» aod ^ eamtHly hoped they 
wrald raccate^ thi^ cQuoteqance and pro- 



jfpvs^s und, ffon&ufB^h JOiatifteHons 
awarded at the public Examination 
at fh^ Mast India ColUtge^ Beeemher 
1816, 

FOURTH TERM. 

1. Mr. Andrew Robertson, mcdi^ hi 
law, and witii great credit in o^her de- 
partments. 

2. Mr. Daniel EHott, medal in political 
economy, and with great credit m otbev 
departments. 

3. Mr. Charles Fraser, prize in Benga- 
lese, and highly distiugmshed in other de- 
partments. 

4. Mr. Thomas Randall Wheatley, 
highly distinguished, and a prize awarded 
by special vote of council for his general 
industry and proficiency. 

5. Mr. Lestock Robert Reid, medal in 
classics, medal in mathematics, medal in 
Persian, prize of books in Hindustanni, 
first prize in drawing. 

f». Mr. George Stanley Hooper, prien 
for Persian writing, second prize in draw- 
ing, and highly distinguished in other 
departments. 

7. Mr. Jolm Collins Muqvo^ medal in. 
Sanscrit, and highly distinguished 14 athep- 
departments. 

THIRD TERM. 

Mr. Charles Crawford Pwl^S. vrize 1* 
classics, prize in French, and with great 
credit in other departments. 

Mr. George James Morris, prize in 
political economy, in history, in raatba- 
matics, in Persian, and highly distin- 
guished in other departments. 

Mr. Henry Smith Bo'ulderson, prize in 
QeqgfUese, and highly distinguhihed in 
other departments. 

Mr. George Clerk, prize in law. 

Mr. Alexander Falriie Bruce, prize in 
Kindnstanni, and with great credit in 
other departiKiats. 

Mr. Jeh» Seymour Kenric Biscoe, pviae 
in history, prize in classics 

Mr. Charles James Barnett, medal for 
an English essay. 

Mr. Henry Fethentop, yriM in mathi?- 
matics. . 

Mr. Sydenham Clsute, piiee in fow, 
prize in French, and wHh great eredit 
ha other departments^ 

.Mr. Colin Lindsay, prize in PeraitB,, 
prize in Htndustaani, and wiih great 
credit in other departments. 

Mr. Brian Hooghton ttfdgsen, prifteiii 
Bengidese, and kdghly diisiltts^flhed in 
other departments. 

fSRIITTWMi 

hfr. Minl^URidimiou(fa)^^|iigt!fl 
Persian, prize in Hi»dii»taiu|l. ' 



iSZ Civit,and Military 

Mr. George Robert Gosling, prize lu 
dftS8ics. k 

Mk-: William Raikes Clarice, prize in 
Bcn^ali^^e, third prizj in drawing. : > 

Mr. John Trotter, prize in matiiematics, 
«ud highly distiuguivtied. 

Mr. William, Parry Okedon, prize in 
French. 

* • The following students were highly dis- 
tingaished : — 

Mr. John Campbell, 
Mr. William Page, 
Mr. Lestock.Dayie^, 
Mr. William Gordon, 

Tlie following students passed the ex* 
-Smiuatiou with gi*eat credit : — 

Mr. Richard Woodward, 

Mr. Cornelius Cardew, 

Mr. Robert Barlow, 

Mr. Frederick Currie. 
Mr. Maclean was first of his cbiss in 
Sanscrit, aud with great progress ; but 
forfeited the prize.for want of good pro- 
ficiency ia other departments, according 
to the regulations of the College. 

Mr. Dampier would have had great 
credit, but loj$t this distinction by giving 
up the departments of Hiudustanui and 
Beogalese. 

LUt of the best Persian PFriters, 
Mr. Hooper, 
Mr. Cardew. 
TThe undermentioned students, being of 
«(iualmerlt, are alphabetically arranged : — 



AppoiJUmenis* [[JAir* 

Messrs. Bruce, Clarice, Davison, Davis« 
Grote, Hodgson^ Reid, Shorej Smithy 
Tcanplft, WiJIock. 

The foregoing account of the proceed* 
ings at Hertford College, ou the 19ih of 
last moath, seems of itself to furnish no 
.slight vindication of that Institution from 
the reflections which have been cast upQU 
it, by persons who represent it as an un* 
interrupted scene of riot and' dii^ordei', 
and as not answerihg any of the purposes 
for which it was founded. ' 

Having likewise been favoured with five 
rank of the students now about to proc 
oeed to Indian as -fixed by the. College 
Council, we beg leave to lay the same 
liefore our readers. 

Bengal Students^ \st. Ciassi-^Mr, 
Frazcr. 

2d C/a«<.— My., Campbell, Mr. Wood- 
ward » Mr. Turner,. 

Sd Clas.t.—rMr, Townsend, Mr.Fraooq. 

Madras Students \st Class. ^^Mr, 
Muuro, Mr. Wheatly, Mr. Elliott. 

id Class.— ^Mi\ Robertson, Mr. Hooper, 
Mr. Willock. 

3^ Class. — Mr. Gordon, Mr. Huddles- 
ton, Mr. Grant, Mr. Davison, Mr. Cle- 
mentson. 

Uombatj Stttdents. \st Class. — Mr. 
Lestock Robert Reid, Mr. George Giberne. 

3d Class.—Mr. Richard Torin, Mr. 
John Forbes, Mr. Richard Mills, Mr. 
Charles Maitland Bushbyi Mr. Edward 
Bridgmau Mills. 



CIVIL AND MILITARY APPOINTMENTS. 



AFPOINTMRNTS AT FORT WILLIAM. 

Mareh 16, 1816.— The Honourable Ed- 
ward Gardner, Resident at the court of 
the Rajah of Nipaul. 

Mr. Gerald Wellesley, First Assis- 
tnnt ta the Resideot at the oonrt of the 
Kajah of Nipaul. 

.MAtch 29th, iai6.— Mr W. O. Sal- 
mon, a Member of the Board of Revenue. 

Mr. A\ Wright, Collector of Shahjehan- 
fX)re. 

Sir F. Hamilton, Bart, ditto J^nares. 
. Mr. W. Renndl, Deputy ditto of Go- 
remment Customs aud Town Duties at 
.Benares. 

Mr. C. W. Steer,. Collector of Bliaugul- 
pore. 

Mr. A Campbell, ditto of Midnapore. 

Mr. M^ RicKetts, ditto of Goruckpore. 

Mr. H. G. Christiao, ditto of Agrah. - 

-Mr. R. Barlow, ditto of Gftvernment 
Customs and Town Duties atFarruckabad. 
.. Mr.. P. Y. Lindsay, Assistant to the 
Collector of TirluMt. 

April 19,1816.— Mr.Benj^min Tucker, 
Collector of Jcstom • . • ••> ^. 



' April 6. 1816.— Mr. Benjamtn Taylor, 
Assistant to the Secretary to the Board of 
Trade in the Commercial Department. 

CEYLON. 

W. T5)lfrey» Esq. to be Chief Transla- 
tor to Governor, rice the Honourable J. 
D'Oyly, resigned. 

S. Sawers, Esq. to be Revenue Agenr- 
for the Interior. 

S. D. Wilson, Esq. to be Third Assis- 
tant to the Re^^ldenr, and Judicial AgenC 
aud Magistrate of Kandy. 

CALCDTTA. 

17th Light Draijoons.— Troop Quarter 
Master Tiiomas Nicholson, to be Coriiet 
without purchase, (vice T. McKenzie, re- 
moved to the 24th Li^ht Dragoons) 23th 
March, i8l6. 

24th Light Dragoons. Comet R.J.Sh8ff, 
to be Lieutenant without purchase, vico 
E. Picard, resigned.— ist March, 1816. 

25th Liglit Dragoons.— Comet Cbar)e» 
Wetherall, from the 8th Light Dragoorih, 
to be Lieutenant without purehaae, rice 
H. C. Amiel, removed to the. 17t^ Lighd- 
DragooD8^9-ad Jaattai7».181<^ 



wn.3 



CkilandMilitury Afpoinimentf. 



8I» 



1 7th Foot. — JSasign M. Mulkein, to jesty, to. make the following .promotioiv 
be {Jeateqant wi tUput purchase, vice R. and appo'm tmen ts. 



Lachlah, promoted.-r^Ut Felmrary, 1816 

24ib Foot.— Ensign John Norinan, to 

be' Lieutenant without purchase, vice 

Rttsuell, d«cea*5e<1.— 21st Nt)vember, 1815. 

59tli Foot,— Ejnsign J. F. Macklean, to 



^2d Liglit Dras^nons — Alfred Davjs, 
Geut. to be Gurnet by purchase, vice 
Boath, prouioted—- 2lst September, 1815, 

Uoyal Scots— Lieutenant CharlesThos. 
Grant to be PaymafiU;r,'vice .Forlnum, 



be Lieutenant without purchase, vice E. who resigns— 3d May, 1815. 
Mitchell, deceased.— 20th Febniary,18 16. Assistaat Surgeon P. Jones, from the ' 

■ 84th Foot.-^Ensigu George Byne, to 52d Foot, to be Surgeon, vice GaUiers, 

be Lietitenant without purchase, viceH. promoted on the Staff— 7th September^ 

$cott, resigned.— 1st March, I8t6. 1815- 

Ensign H. W. Burn, to be Lieiitenaflt 24th Foot.— Lieutenant George Sunof- 

witbout purfbase, nee James Hlngstou, bolrV from half-pay of the regiment, to b« 

discharged by tbe sentence of a General Lieutenant, vicii JCrratt, who exchanges , 

Court Martial.— 2d March, 1816. —14th September, 1815. 

87th Foot.— Lientenant J. Turner, to 30th Foot— Lieutenant Ric!.ard Hea- 



be Captain of a Company without pur- 
diase, vice W. King, deceased. — 20th 
March, 1816. 



viside^ to be Captain by purchase, vice 
Cbaml)er9, promoted— 15th June, 1815. 
Ensign Edward Drake, to be ditto by 



• Ensign CGrady, to be Lieutenant with- purchase, vice Heavisidc— 15th ditto. 



out purchase, vice S, Maiuey, deceased. 
•—3l8t January, 1816. . 

89th Foot.— Lieutenant R. Sheeby, to 
be Captain of a Company without pur- 
chase, vice Odkes, promoted.— Ist Jan. 

I8I6. 

Ensign J. Oughton, to be Lieutenant 
without purchastj, vice B. Sheeby, pro- 
moted. -- ditto. 

87th Foot.— N. B. For H. V. Lloyd, 



Lieutenant Henry Steplicns, from half- 
pay of the 14th Foot, (with temporary 
rank) to be Ensign, vice King, who re- 
tires upon half pay as Ensign — I4th ditto. 

Lieutenant Peter S. Barron to be ditto, 
vice Ellai-d, deceased — 2l8t September., 
IBI5. 

Ensig^n Francis Pope, to be Lieutenant, 
vice Davii^oii — 22d June. 

Ensign Henry Trewhitt, from the half 



Gent, to be Ensign without purchase, vice PJX "^ tlie Regiment, to be Ensign, vice 
J. Carroll promoted ; read H. V. Lloyd, Pope-^2d June. 



Geut. to be Ensign without purchase, 
vice 0*Grady promoted. 



47th Foot — Major Byse Molesworth, 
from half pay of the regiment, to bv 
Major— 25th May, 1815. 
•*"" Brevet Major William Sail, from half 

Head Quarters, Calcutta, April 1, I8I6. pay of the Regiment, to be Captain— 25th 

ditto. 



' The Right Honourable the Commander 
in Chief has been pleased to appoint As- 
shitant SurgeOii G. M, Callow, of the 8th 
LiiTht Dragoons, to take charge of the 
Medical Duties of the 24th Light Dra- 
goons, and to act as Surgeon to that 
corps daring the absence of Suii^eon Rux- 
ton, on leave to Europe. 



Nead Quortert, Calcutta, Aprils, 1816. 

The Right Honourable the Commander 
in Chief has been pleased to make the 

following promotions and appoiutinents _ . 

until the pleasure of his Royal Highuess the rejiiaiciit to be ditto— 28th ditto. 
the Prmce Regent, in the name and on Lieutenant R. W. Macdonnell, fronj 

tbe behalf of his Majesty, shall be known, l^alf pay of th^ regiment to be ditto— 29th 



Captain James Pickard from half pa; 
of the Regiment, to be ditto — ditto. 
* Captain George F. Sadlier, from half-* 
pay of the Regiment to be ditto — ditto. 

Lieutenant Anthony Mahon, from half 
pBj. of tiie Regiment, to be Lieutenant—* 

ditto. 

Lieut. T. N. Cochrane, from half pay 
of the regiment, to be Lieutenant — 26tl| 
May, 1S15. 

Lieut. Robert Butler, from half pay of 
tlie regiment, to be ditto— 27th ditto. 

Lieut. John R. Nason, from half pay of 



22d Light Dragoons. — Ensign M. C. 
Digbton, from the 24th Foot, to be Cor- 
net by purchase, vice Warrand promoted. 
^Ist April,'18l6. 



dittf). 

Lieutenant John Liston, from half p^ 
of the regiment, to be ditto— 30th ditto 
• Ensign William Marriott, from half 
pay of the regiment, to be Ensign— 25th 
69th Foot. — Lieutenant H^ D. Cour- May, 1815. 
tayuc's commission is autedated tjj thp Ensign John Riddell, ft-om half pay of 
9th January, 1814, that Officer will ac- the regiment, to be ditto-ditto, 
cording y rank immediately below Lieu- ^^ ^^bert Ridge, from half pay of 
tenant UM. Prior of that regimeut. the regiment; to be ditto—ditto. 

April 12, 1816*— :Hi8 Royal Highuese 53d Foot.— James Gardner, gent. tol>« 
tbe Prioce Regent has been pleased » in .Ensign by purchase, vice. Scott, proni0t«iA 
(lie name and on the behalf of liis Ma- iu the 88th Foot— 27th July, 1815» 



56t1i ft)ot.— !&Q«igii J. T, Nelson, to be . 89eh FV>ot— Wiliiate broflOnoitd, G?ut. 

Lieutenant without purchase^' viqi» Ntt-^ ' to be fifisigu by purchase, rice Leslie^ 
gent, deceased--.27th ditto. - *• ..• Vbo retires— 8th June, IBlis. 

Ensign Richard Watts, from half pay of Ensign John Masters, froto the 60U| 

the refciinent, to be Ensign, vice Leslie,— poot; to be Ensign, vice Imlacb, ^o ex- 

56th July, 1815. . changes— 22d June, I8I5. 

Ensign F. O. Leighton, Trom half ^ay n. b. Lieutenant A. Morison of Xhe 
Of the regiment, to be ditto, vice Nelson Koyal Scots, proinolecl in the York Lighl . 
— ^ 27th ditto. Infantry VoIuuteei> without purchase- 
Assistant Surgeon Henry W. Radford, aist September, 1815. 
fwm the 45th Foot, to be Assistant Sur. - Lieutenant Wmiam J. ftea, of the 
?^^'JT«,'1J'^'''°' '^*'** exchanges-lOth ^^^ g^^,,^ promoted in the eOUi Foot, 

«:oi?i?5.l T* • *t»7Ti. r-,>* Without pprchasc—Wd June. 

Jlt^^^^^'^'^fT ^;?'r ?f ^^1!; Lieuten*int A. Macdonnell of the Royal 

? J t.f half-pay of the 86th Foot to be ^^^ appointed to tlie 3d Royal Vete4ii 

Lieutenant, v,ce Steward, who exchanges Battalionl-a8th August. * ^ 

"^f llnflTt aI .K T. ♦ * V A I Lieutenant J. Fowler, of the Royal 

^^ff^nt ^" r'^^'t^r ^f''^*''. ^"^ i^' Scots, appointed to the 1st Royal ^e? 

jutm, vice CampbelU Who resigns the teranBattalion~30th August. ^ 

iS^^vU^^r^^^^ September. Ai^sistant Surgeon W. J^Pai4cer, of the 

tK S^vT^^^f "^^"^''' wm- ' ®-n -'^ l^^h F««t, promoted in the i9th Foot- 

tp be by purchase,- vice William Baird, 3^ ^j^^^ * *^ 

^vw«'^?^^^'^n^f^}'-^^^l. I- Lieutenant and AOJutaiit Hugh Fie. 

tA^^T "^°^ ^' . I*"* '""J^. ^'^"" P^i^g of the 24th Foot; appointed to the 

^ 15/Jm' .?^T ^fr'*"?- . 2d Royal Veteran BattaUoSLflad ditto. 

W Iham Hartford, Gent, to be Ensign Lieutenant J. R. Cochrane, of the 47th 

fjT^^' ''''' ^'^'^' '^^'' ^""^'"^^ F««. has resigned his comnission^lUK 

.01. !VjrT. ., ^ . * V V** August, 1814. 

vio^i^nn '^""""^f^-^^^Hh.*:?^ '^•**^ ^ajor Forstccu of the 12th Foot, i^ 

KiTn' S^rf^^ '" ^^ ^ ^^''''^° P^^"*^*^^ *° he aLieutenant Colonel'i^ 

^i^^"7?^i? eV^^ ♦ V i^ * that regiment-3lst August. 1815. 

1ll^»?r V i I?- ^^'"'''^^ ?^ ^*r^; Lieutenant M. Cairnes of the 56th Foot. 

^^vZZJ^^^.'^'^^^t'l.?^ ^^ Pr««^«^«^ i° the 60th Foot without pw- 

^iffi^v^TJ^t^^fT'^^^^^T''' . chase-7th September, 1814. , ^ 

67th Foot^Lieut. George Mathers, to , • * . nr n /* t ^ , -»/, 

be Captain, vice Walker, appointed to the '^ Lteutenant W. B. Hook of the 67fli 

2d Royal Veteran Battalion-l4th Sept. l?^\ ^PPfi'^J^l !?. ?L?I^^ ^'P® "^ 

Lieutenant William Ronald, to be Cap- ^^alry-,t6ib August, 1815. 

tain by purchase, vice Beck promoted— Quarter Master William Henry, of the 

2l8t September. ^9^1 Foot, appointed to the 5th Royal 

Ensign and Adjutant William Blair, to Veteran Battalion— 25th May. 

liaye the rank of Lieute^ant.— -15th ditto. Ensign W. Drummond of the 89th 

J. Kemauder, Gent, to be Ensign by ^^ot, promoted in the 41 si Foot by pur<» 

purchase, vice Hannah, promoted — 22d ^^hase — 1 0th August. 

May, 1813. Troop Seijeaftt Major George Atm-^ 

Hugh Brady Gent, to be ditto, without strong, of the 8th Light Dragoone, is ao* 

purchase, vice Everet— l4th Sept. 18 15. pointed to an Ensigacy in the 5th Royal 

59th Foot -A Captain Peter Willatts, Veteran Battalion^^th September^iBis,. 
from the Bourbon regiment, to be Cap- 
tain, vice Carey, who retires upon half »»avBT. 
pay of the Bourbon Regiment— 1st June, Colonel Henry P. Laurence, tb be Ma* 
Il3l5. jor General in the East Indies only^^^tH 

Alexander Sinclair Roech, Gent, to be June I8I5. 

iBnsign by purchase, vice Cuyler, proniot- Captain Alexander Fair, to be M^or 

ed in the 95th/ Foo(^^22d June, I8I5. ^^ ^he East Indies 0Qly->4th ^uiie,19l5^ 

Assistant >Suigeon Gerald Fitzgerald, Captatn James Basden, df tife 89th 

irom the 27th Foot, to be Surgeon, vice ^Poot, to be Mf^or in the ArBiy-*-24tE An* 

BaBks,.protaioted on the Statf^7th Sept. t^t, 16«5. 

^^*^- STAFF 

80thFoot— Brevet M^jorW.H.TMi- *»«•« -v * .,' #, • * , 

m, from the 60th FooiT to be Ca^n .JV"^^^^ p^u"^}^ ^KT^'S ^^^^' 

vice Stepney, who «»chaiige8-a»t June, !^' f!*J?T *^!^? '^tli IJght Dragoon*, 

1815 xj— -uK«r-i*.i wuuo, ^ ^ Deputy A4|utam General to tbts 



1W.J 



^ii^^w^-JWiry^^ 



a 



Utof OiBcem rbittof«d from tlie 3d ff*iM»»i ^t^i.^ w^ il' .' " « • ' 
AfeSter— v«,wioD«i in and tipri|(ht smices TCntfered to ibo 

Artlmr Ormsby, James R. Siaith, A. ExJ^^J^i^'JS^ ^^' J8r6.-.Hi# 

gm JaMcs.*<gge, of the 14th Regiment ^''Lr!??;^l *** P^^"^} ^^ »wived 
of «lM>t» Atom (fee 2d to the istBattaUoo. 

^•tbFoot, Captains Robert t)6ttgla8, 
Jolm Mwell, Robert Howard; Ueii- 
tenants Andrew Baillie, Geot^ Teuloii. 
Robm Daniei, Partt P.NeHlU John Roe ; 
Ettsi^ Joba Ste«rart, Wto. 0. FregelL 
WnirWarren, Frederick Pro8S^,Geofge L. 
IftwkUease, Joseph Berrklge, Cbarlea 
Laniaer, Chatin Liardert. 

MA Foot, Cainaim Wm. Baker, Philip 
O.Wroughton ; Lieutenants Henry Taunt, 
TiMBias ThottMm, Thos. Hearn ; Eosi^d 
Joseph Fletcher, Richard Chambers, Wm. 
Lax, Ftancis Stanford.. ^ 

47th Foot, Ensigas Williaai Marriot, 
J«1ni RtddeiL 

53d Foot. liMis. WUIiaK Hairiton. 
*«|fli<X Ueathcjote, J. ^ " 



wtth sttitinjents of tlie deepesf concera. ' 
^e melancholy IniHlJgence nUbe decease' 
at Berampore, on the 20tb Instant, of 
LieutraJnt General William Palmer, of 
the Honourable Compary^s sferWce. 

/ Thedmtaccer and (HstJnJriUshed po- 
Utical servrces of Lreutenant - Geueral 
Palmer have been njpeatedljr noticed W* 
tfie Supreme Government in tei-nis of the > 
mghest approbatioa and applao^e* and 
the loss must be felt with proportionate 
regret. His Lordship in Qoanci% as a- 
pecoHar mark of the sense entertainad br 
Ooreniment of the merits of this al^ -; 
and upright public officer, and a^^a tes- 
timony; of respect due to his memory, la -^ 
uii» Hnwiirim. ^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^*»^^ serenty-six minW 
, _ cl^STwIS: &^^rrAr^ tfe^eof^. . 
BaxterrEnsigmjCharles Williams; Jacob SSl^^Fnrfwnr^ 
S«f«r, iamts Sta^Mt, John f ngleby, Bd- ^^Lf, ^o.. n u *^ * ^^ ^^ ^'"^ 
ward Brown, Robert F. Davis, J«nS Po- ^^^^ half-mast high. "* 

ifegdettrto, James Sweeny. 



501^ Fen*, Ueufeenants Robert Ro^rt- 
MA) fienjaiaift Mason) Emigm Tbdmas 
Mitchell, James E^ Taylor. 

S9th Poet, LSetttewiatsPeterMc Laiioh- 
lan, Henry Hertford; Ensign . Rvbert 
WMte. 

««h Foot, Captain J<te lardaii ; Lieu- 
nmmna John Usher, J. E. W^ng ; En- 
atgns Charles Mitchell, William JUiyadw 
WMiam-Morton, John Clarke. 

^^ Tmi, Capta«& Colin CanpbdH ; 
UMleiittits WiNtamdones, Witliam W«b. 
ater, Herbert Vaag^an, Francis Agar^ 
Ett^s A. K flar«ion, WUliain Jones, 
Ittws Thompson. 

LlEUTENAN^I^GSKERAl. PAiMER, 

The foUewiogeBtHiotof a letter from 
a 4iend of the late Lieatenant Oeaentl 
Palmer, together with the General Order, 
is copied from the Boml)a\ Paper. 22d 
June, 1816.— 

•** In the death of Lieutenant 'tjtftjcral 
Palmer, which happened «t iBarampore, 
fjn the 4oth instant, we *«ve t» kitm^m 
the loss of an offi<it, equally, respected 
aad beloved for his aoiiable cbaracter aft 
<a man, as distinguished for his eminent 
taleata as a poblic servant. During a long 
f(vi«d«f yean Ciem..Gen. Palmer «lled 
imany of the most important stations in 
India, with the highest henoor to bitn- 
<ielf and ndvantage to Iris cotrntry, while 
the vartoes <tf hm. ^ivate chapacter en- 
««rcd kirn 4o ad wbe had en^oppertmiity 
ofappreciating his worth, and are now 
left 10 Ittg^t Ids JiMii, Tb^ ifo]lt>wilig 



high. 

" C. W. GAKDiNEk, 

Secretaiy to Govt. MUitw IN^u'* 



AURRUGES, BIlCrHS, & DEATOS 
CALCUTTA. 

-<^«/4«. Robert ChartoB gte*«ttwi, 

!i^Ai^^^° .''' J^ Jftijewy's^h ««gt. 
to Alicia Marj%4aught<r<tfilic=l«e Giui^ 
Leeke. --a'^ 

, - Philip yieitetiindwy^ e^. «f <tbe 
civi 1 service, settmd soato the Riglit fiem 
aad tti^ Be^. t^ t^gr^ Ufehop^f i^y. 

SaJafNoy'^;'^'"^^^^ 
Lately, at «at|gpm, vt t^ hwuse of C. 

^atto^nl0I Johoflalbea, £m. 'ofOie^ 
service, to MAm Gavdlkie liemneaH. 
T 5l!^* ?**• -At Mirthuft, ifhe Her. Cha*. 
J.(b.IUi€iiins,tollf4s8 AitaeVanSomefen. 
At Cannanore, Wwi.«ccit, &»^ SMVgeeR. 
fid nigt. L. C to Mvss Hetoa «oldle, the 
third daughter €tfT)fomas^GOldie,£m.«f 
Oaignerie, Seot«and. 

fimms. 
^arc% Jlyr, Thse la^ of Jameg'KeBe 
sq. of a son. ^ 

The' lady of U. H. CabtH, %^n of '. 
daughter, 

•flfce late Mr, Min«lom4«le «f ICed^ 
geree), ofadaugbtor. - 

m. Mrs. Moffft, wfdew -of Wr. j. 
Moffat^ 8B(smtr>l«ieiydecai»ed,^faYom 



•• • - 

Wh. Tbe lady of Lieut. John Betbam, 
of th^ Bombay Mariue^ of a. daughter. 

Hie lady of Lieuteaant J. Hales, of thQ 
Sist Native lufautry, of a son. 

1&/A. Th^ rady of G. P. Bagram» Esq. 
oJT a son. 

i6/A.' Mrs. J. Silrerton, of a sop. 

March \2ih. At Meeiiit, the lady of. 
Major Lmllow, of a son. 
' At Mirzapore, the lady of Major Rose^ . 
of the r4th Native Infantry, of a son. 



BhihSf ManriageSf fsnd DiaiBs* 



CJAif*. 



a^M. Mr. John Petrin, of the Hon. 
Company's Marine, aged 23; leaving m. 
wife and chiM to lament his loss^ 

3Ut» 'file infant daus^hter of Mr. lU 
Sevestre, iljRcd 19 months. 

. j4pril Ui, On board the Wellington^ 
just arrived from Bombay, and laying oC 
tbe Bankshall, Capt. Archibald Nathaniel 
Bertram, of the 1st battalion, 17th regi-^ 
ment Madras Native Infantry, and lately 
coinmaudibg the 1st battalion of Madras 



^ 14M. At.Keitah, the lady of Lieut* H» Pioneers. • 

C. Barnard, Adjutant and Interpreter, &/A. John Francis, the yomigest son of 

I'st battalion 26th raiment Native Infau*- ^r.A. Heberiet, junior, aged 1 year 4 

try, .of a sob. months and i» days. 

nth. At Chinsurah, at tlie house of her 6/4. Mr, David Jones, proprietor of the 

father, D. A. Oveibeck, Esq. the lady of rum distillery at .the Old Powder Mills. 

B/ D. Knight, Esq. Assistant surgeon, 8M. Mr.William Grant Williams, aged 

i2th rcgt. Native lufautry, of a daughter. 25 years. 

21 J^ At Cawnpore, the lady of Captain X2tA. Mr. William Turner, police con- 



C. J. Doveton, of the 19th Native Infantry, 
of a sou. 

' 27M. At Tippcrah, tlie lady of T* 
|iainwariug,Esq. of twius,a boy and a girl. 



stable, axed 60. 

Mrs. Anna De Silva, aged 116 years. . 

13M. Susanuali Sophia, the infant 
daughter of Mr. T. M. Howe, aged twa*. 



3i0th, AtChandemagore, Mrs«Salmiui- ypars one month and six days. 



hac, junior, of a son. 

31*^ At Mozufferpore,in Tirhoot, the 
lady of G. Ne^ill Wyatt, Esq. civil sur- 
geon, of a daughter. 

, ^pril Id. At KurnaiU, the lady of Ma- 
jor William Innes, 2d battalion, 19th regi- 
oient, of a daughter. 

« 7th. At Nocolla Factory, in Jessore, 
Mrs* A. Carlow» of a daughter. 



8M. AtColgong, Mrs, J. L. Turner, of ton, Esq. 



2bth. Mrs. Sarah Manners, aged 52; 
years. 

. lea. Mrs* Bel)iana Potelho Baptist, 
aged 44 yeam. 

Jan. 2M. At Cawopore, the mpther of. 
the unfortunate Alexius Browne, late of 
the Deputy Quarter Master General's de-> 
partment. 

March Sth. At Furreidpore, S. Mars-< 



a son. 

Nov. 18/A. At the Cape, the lady of 
lieuteeant-colooel Warre, of b son. 

Dec. 21d. At the same place, the lady 
of C. Hughes, Esq. of a son. 

Feb. 28/A. At Madras, Mrs. Martin, 
widow of the late Colonel Martin, of that 
establishment, of a daughter. 

• March 3d. At Bombay, the lady' of L. 
Ashbourner, Esq. of a son. 

lOth. At Bombay, in Prospect Lodge, 
the lady of Lieateuant-oolonel Johnson, 
of the Engineers, of a son. 

1 1 M. At M^j or-general Inues's Garden, 
the lady of Lieutenant Henry S. Mathew, 
19tb Native Infantry, of a daughter. 

At Bellary, the hidy of Captain Wilkin- 
aoD, of the Madras establishment, of a son. 

\2ih. At Madras, tbelady of J. Gold* 
ingham, Esq. of a daughter. 

I3th. At Goorgong, the hidy of Cornet 
John Madtenzie, of a son. 

TSth. At Madura, the lady of W. O. 
Shakespear, Esq. of a son. 

Lately, at Jacatra, the lady of Captain 
T.R Smith, Master Attendant of Batavia, 
of a daughter^ 

DEATHS. 

M^ch23d. Miss Harriet White. 
At Boitaoounah, Master Henry David 
Wilson, aged 16 years. 
2S$h. MiM Mary 8pratt. 
SBih, Milt Mary Aan Fost^ 



12M. At Mirzapore, the infant son of 
Mqor Rose, of the >4th Native Infantry. 

17M. At Chinsurali, the infant daugbter 
ofR.D. Knight, E$q. 

I9th. At Sydpore, nearB^iares, Har<« 

.riet, eldest daughter of H^nry Babona, 

Esq. Deputy Commissary of Ordnance^ 

aged 13 years and six months. « 

23d. AtBaiikipore, Mr. W. Tomlin. 

28M. At Sultanporj(, Oudv, Geoige 
Nugent, the infant sou of Major A. Dun- 
can, of the 2d Native Infantry, aged one 
year, four months, and sixteen days. 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES & DEATHS,^ 
AT HOME. 

BIRTHS. 
I ady Lowe, at St. Rdena. of a tnn, on fid Oct. 
On ilie 30th of NoTcmber, the Viscoantet* Tor* 

rington, of a ton. 
At Ringmer, Sussex, on the 6tli Dpc. the lady of 

Lieut-Col. Dowuman, Rd^al Horte Artillery, 

C. B. ofaiitili.burn child. 
lo Argyll'Mrect. the lady of Ottywell RoUnM»v 

£«q. of a daughter. 
In Genrge.«treet, Hanover-tqaare, Iht lady of 

John Craufurd, Bm. of Aaciimamea, of a toil 

and heir, and fttoortlr altirrwardt of a »tiU-boiii 

•on. 
On the fiDth Nov. at Bognor, Snswx, the lady of 

I>t. Woodman, of a ton. 
In Hirl^.tureet, the lady of Joaeph Lautoo^ 

Esq. of a ton. 
On the 9ih Nov. at West Tomi, P a ier s e t, tha 

lady of Colthttist Batenan, jan. Jbq% of sw 

ton. 
Utely, the lady of T. CldtterlMck. Esq. of Wi4« 

^wm awM, acu Batik, ofadanntlc^ - 



1617a 



IBirtiiSy ^Mdrriag€8f and^Dediki»\ 



-M bit.boii*e kk' Snr!kviU«.ttreet, tlac lady of the 

Hoa. W«rw>ck Lake, of a son. 
On I he S7th IHtiv. at Passy, near Paris, the lady 

of Jv^hn Talbot, Esq. nf a ion and heir. 
At Tnrqofiy, the lady of WflUam John Camptoh, 

Baq. •£ Oaany, in the conn^ 4>f Sosaez, of a 

•oil. 
On the «9th Nov* at Havre de Grace, the lady of 

«f John Firtiirace, R»q. of a dtuwhter. 
In the Alptia Hoad, Mm. Charlea Tatham, of a 

daoghier, and ike teiub child. 
Dec. sd.— Attlie Cb&teau D'Esk^Isbecque, near 

Womhont, Fas de Calais, the lady of Major- 
' General Sir C. Grant, of a danshter. 
7Ui.«-At Liverpool, the lady of William Jiunea, 
. £sq. of Barrack Lodje, Cumberland, of a soq 

and heir. 
In Wimpole-atreet, the lady of Edward Miuori- 
■ banks, fisq. of a daughter. 
.Mrs. fileveaa, of Old Windsor Lodge, Berks, of 

a son. 
9tb.->The Marchioness of Sligo was safely de- 

<ivered of a daaghter, at WJEstpon Bonse. 
J 1th.— In Donehiy street, the lady of John Gif- 

ford. Esq. of a daughter. 
.On the lOth Dec. ai CJimon. the lady of the ReT« 

H. Ridley, Piehendary or Bristol, of a son. 
In Montagne-sqitare, tneladyof R.' Wilkinson, 
. Esq. of a daughter. 
Mrs. Osborne, of Clapham-road, nf a son* 
On Dec. the iSth, the ivife of the Rev. Mr. W. 

Goodenotigh, vf Ealing, of a still-born child. 
Dec iCth..— At I'imKco Lodge, Mrs. Elliot, of a 

daughter. 
In Montague-placf , the bdy of J. Cross Starkey, 

Esq. of Wrtnbuiy Hall. Cheshire, of a sdh. 
17rh.— Theladyof Juhn Watson, Esq. of Upper 

Bedford'place, RusyelUsquarc. of a danghier. 
,M Arcbdiff Fort, Dover, the lady of Capt. H. 

Scott, Roval Artillery, ofadaughicr. 
The lady uf Edward Shaw, Esq of Russell -place, 

• Fitcroy-sonare, of a daughter. 

Ijttely, at Hereford, the lady of the Rev. Henry 
•. Gippt, of a daughter. 
On the 86ih Nuv. in the Island of Jersey, the 

lady of AJ^)or Roberts, Royal Artillery, of a 
- son. 
On the 14th Dec. the lady of John Bacon, Esq. 

of Frven House, Colncy Hatch, of a eon. 
At Little Berkhampstead, Hens, the lady of 

Thomas Damell, Esq. of a daughter. 
Ac her houre in Upper Grosveiior stnet, the lady 
. of the Hon. Gerard Van neck, of a daughter. 
At the huose uf J. H. Treoiaync, Eiq..New.8trect, 

lipriag-^ardens, the lady of George Hart Dyke^ 

Esq. flt a daughter. , 

The iady of George Henry Finding, Esq, of tb« 

General Post-ofiice, of a son. 
At Wonliinic, Sussex, the lady of John Charles 

Bristnw, Esq. of a daughter. 
In Dublin, on the 9ih Dec. the lady of D. S. 

Kanaldson Dickson, Esq. of Blah- Hall, Perth- 

• »hire, of a son. 

The lady nf J. Curwood, E«q. Barrister at Law, 
of a daughter. 

MARRIAGES. 

At Gitfishain, Devtm, Edmund Wm. Shuldham, 
Esq. of theHon. East India Company'ii Military 
Service, and eldest ton of Arthur shuldham, 
Esq. of Deer Park, to Harriet, yuuugestdaugbtcr 
of the lateTliomas Rundcll, Esq. of Bath. 

At St. Geor«e*a, Hloitmsburir, Be*jainin G. Ba- 
bingtnn, Esq. of the Madras Civil Service, to 
Anna Marv, youngest daughter of Bcnj. Fayle, 
E>4* ^f Bloomsbtiry-square. 

At Glasgow, on Monday, sist of October, 1816, 
Michael Connal, Esq, of the Hon. East India 
CnropaDy's Service, f Eliza, d&nghter of the 
late W. Wright, Esq. of Broom, Sierlipgshire. 
^^(Paris, in the Ambassador's Hotel, by the Rev. 
Edni«*nd Forster, Frederick Grey Cooper, B«q. 
late Lientenant'Colonel in the 1st. Grenadier 
Guards, of Warlbigton, in the county of ^uAblk, 
to Jasepha Sophia, relict of tlie late CoL Wheat, 
of Banon House, Somersetshire. 

OntheMth of Octob«r, at St. Ann*s Church* 
LtverpocA, Lieut. John Jackson, Royal Ma- 
rines, to Miia Ann Jane Gret n, only child of 
W*Uiani Ofiren, Esq* of Pool Hall, bear Bury, 
^ 1 ancaahtre. 

At Somhaiaptnn, John Morse Stephens,. Esq. 
of the Royal Artillery, to Emily, second daugh- 
ter of the late Tbos. Halton, Sso. 

C^podQ Jaaei Gitenj B. N. to Mim ]t9l^V» of 



AtSt« Marvlebone Church, Thomaa^ Wehb E^k<^ 
Esq. of Upper George-atreet, Portman-aquare, 
to Miaa ilanriet Hay ter, oiUy chihi oi Mxa. HiH^ 
of Foley '=;treet. 

The Rev. Thomas IVidi, of Kenswortby near DaB^ 
stable, to MiM Bayly, of Redbourue. 

At Lambeth Church, WilUam Walter Gretton, 

. Esq. of the Lodge, South Lambeth, to Misp 
Wright, of Siuckwell place, Surrey. 

WillJaw Comber Hood, jun. Esq. of Levtisham- 
bill, to Frances Knor, olEarUstreet, I'lackftiara* 

At Howkck Castle, Mr. Lambton tu Lady Louitfi 

. Grey, one of the daughters of Earl Grey. 

At the Church of St. Maiylebone, Edward Elton, 
Esq. of Gloucester-place, New-road, to Esihw 
Oodbold, «e<.ond daughter of Nathaniel Ooa- 
bold, Esq. Bcmard-stieet, Russel square. 

At Broadwater Church* Susaes, Edward. Payac^ 
Esq. of Broadwater, to Mrs. Inglis Hamilton, 

■ relict of CoU IngliaHamiltonj of the Scotcl^ 
Greys. 

At Prittlewell, Esf ex. W. Kingdoo, of Stookwelk 

. place. Snrrey. Esq. to Anna, only daughter of 
G. N. Prentice, Esq. of Earl's Hall, in the 
former county. .. 

At Plymslock Church, Mtuor H, B, Harris, aecona 
son of John Harris, Esq. of Radford, in tha 
county of Devon, (o Anne, ddest daughter of 
tlie late Thomas Hillersden fiulteel, JSsq. or 

. Bellevue, in the saiqe couuty. 

At St. Pancrass Church, by the Rev. Arcbdeaeon 

. Ble»hopp, Chaplain to hu Excellent the LonI 
Lieutenant ot Ireland, C, W, Daoc^ Esq. Ma- 

, joT of his y lo^ty** Su Regiment ol Life «3uard«, 
Co laabella Ann, youngest daughter of Al.ea 

. Cooper, Esq. nf Upurr (iower-street. 

At Marylebone Churcli. Wm. Grant, Esq. R. K, 
to Louisa, only daughter of Mrs. Esoaile, of 
Baker-etreet, Portman-aquare, and niece uf 
General Gla^p>w, R. A. 

At Marylebone Church, Abel Ram, Esq. eldf!«c 
son of Stephen Ram, Esq. of Ramsfort, in the 

. cnouty of Woxford, aud of Portswood.lodge, 
Southampton, lo Eleanor Sarah, only daugbiof 
of the late Jerome William Knapp, Esq, oT 
Bedford-row. 

At Hammersmith, Mr. James Senois, jun* qf 
Forc-strcet, to Miss E. Spriu^tborpe, secund 

. daughter of the4ate Daniel Sprmgthorpe, Esiu 
DEATHS. • 

In the 69th year of lus age, at his seat. Grange 
Hall, near Rotherham, the Ri^'ht Ho... Richaril 

. Howard. Eari Effiogham, l-.b.A. Treasurer tm 
the Queen. 

JBarbadoes papers communicate tlie death of Sir 
James Leith, the Governor of Barbadoes. H« 
was attacked on the lOth of October with a 
fever, which proved fatal to him on the I6th. 
Sir James was buried with military honoui's 
on the 17th of October; the troops, inhabitant, 
and every human creature, being anxious to 
pay him this last sad tribuie of respect, 

Dec. 15, At his seat at Cheveniug, in Kent. 
Charles Stauhope. Earl Stanhope. His Lord, 
ship was born August 3, 175S; succeeded liia 
father Philiji, the late Earl, March 7, 17M ) 
and married, in December, 1774, Heater Pitt, 
eldest daughter of William, first Earl of Chat- 
ham, sister of the present Earl and of the 
late Right Hon, William Pitt, by whom he had 
issue H«>ster Lucy Griselda, married to John 
Tickell, Esq. of Hambledon, Hants ; and Lucy- 
Rachael, married to Thomas Taylor, Bsq. of 
Sevenoaks, Kent, since dead. His Lnrdshtp 
married, secondly, in 1791, Louisa, only daugh- 
ter of Henry Grenvillc, Esq. late Governor of 
Barbadoes, and uncle to George, first Marqui* 
of Buckingham, by whom he had Issue, FluUp 
Henry, Viscount Mahou, now Earl Stanhope, 
and two other sons. His loss will, on many ac- 
counts, make a chasm \n public life which will 
not be easily supplied. The great and useful 
work for which he was peeultariy qiuUfiHL^ud 
to which he had for a long time appUed the 
most ^rnest attention, wUI, we fi^r, now fall 
«o the ground ; we allude to. a Digest of all the 
^tatutes-^ work of such stupeudout labour as 

' well as intbrmation, that few persons can be 
rxpectedio vet ahqiit it with vtoour, nnlesj, 
tike Lord ^tanbopok they had acquued a sort of 
parental fondness for tno subject, by brooding 
over it for years. He' was in hi» 04th ycv. 
His Lordship had keen long confined bgr athper 
. complaiol and dx^t ?bKh bailed eveiy ef- 
fort of meil^tne. 



'^Sdes! • ^' ^*******» ■"^' proximo i the i)qan.tity it cspected ti^be v9tj «- 

iltXl^ii, aged 0r« Bin. OKplianft, ve«ct of t««»UMf frow ft t» 0.tDfrfaii^ «! Moh 4iM»i|i^i<«|^ 

the late lkneek>t fWphant, Biq. ef BroadHtld- t.aao hags. Bengali aad ^ttf. 9MHta aia «hMi^ 

lk«Hse, fit the county of Cumberlaod. declared. 

. hi hW 1W* ytan Johft ^rrit, £«q. of AmpJhiH, ^ ^ _ ^ . ^ . . 

^ BedfWdfliiKe. "* ^ . >^ i^Ui^m^.^Tbe export h<MW€» tvUca » diip«altion 

At hgmMeld, Snnrev, Rohert Cifttet 6sq. aoedi 7f« to sacuiie guods a* the pMsmt cufreacyv hut the 

AtWhfitwuTJath. Bkwle Fteneh, Bm. a«cd 5a. refiners decline the Qifcra, except at a ooiwlde{»- 

ifr^. BiNtace, .wife ef Lietitenaat-Colonel Bu»« vt, nrf»a--p . »h»r» ivi.n» «« K^n«it«t<» .»»»<»« *«-■ 

t^ oBly daofhter of CoIoikI Thibot. ». P. *?* adva»ce . thete heing no hondtog attowedi, and 

Ihr the county of DuUin. " ^^^ length, of tima that vm% ela^w hafoM the 

i|t the V%arBg« ffoose^ WaltlianithMP. deefdy la- afuiiig Mtpfkof comoMaoat* addaik to ih* fMilinr 

Mented, the Bey, Wm. Sparrow, M. A; aged a^igy )„ recovering the hoonty, appear great ob- 

At LoSey' Vtak. Stafltordahire, Matilda, tlte tWk "^a*^* ^« t»>fi wrMge»»t« between th« t(M» Vi4 

• eit dain^hter-of Thomas Sneyd Kymtvraky. Esq. the extensive exporters } goods Im* mm^^kttm d«-> 

At'Kenntnigtott, Johti fisher/Esq* late of D^^u livory cm he pocchMad lowar thao pasocto ddK- 

ilJh5?SS2e'fe MiddWsex.nlaro. NewToad. Mss. !*^»f l^'TZT* 'T*' Th^ i" '^'^f 

fiehwcitKi:,renetoftheli!t«Johli Schwoitser, »««»" th«e U littk variation^ the pdeeanopii. 

Esq. > naTf taft week 1464 hagftBak-KiriiikdntfsiflilioM 

Aged 7« yeaoi. Mr. Richard MHls of Ctapham- vera brought forward iiv Mine tag Lanoj' the 

toJimw** foraiefly of BeiWwd-streati 99^ prices were us. a Ss. to#er. The India. Cgiiapany 

^t hi* hoosc, in Qaeen Sqnaw. Bteonwhary, »»roiight ferward above H,000 hags. ThefoOawiiv 

CblonelJolifi HainHtt*a, who was for t2 SFears are the particulars j—BenaEoa a^Mft b^s» flaayeU 

W« Bjjtannic Majtsty»s Consul, lestdent at low 41s. to 4ls« fld.j low white 49s. ta4»s. «d. ; 

A57rM.S-^iKn%lfrof Mr. John Gibson. f^J^^j!!^ "^^ '\'^T' """^'I'^':^ ''^''^ "^^ 

WaidfQhe.phHM% DoAarsM>)mmons; »«» 5«s.dd.— Java S,W0 bags, soft yeUow SQs*. «> 

Ami 73, Mr. WtWam Smith, of Coppiee^row, 44s. j dry yellow and grey 46s. to 47s. M.«»Buur- 

Cterkenwell. -, ^ , . . J»^ *^ *»"* *»•»»• »«ft ^i"®** 9«s. to 37f, j drv 

Jit h£r SQo's tuNise, Rothafisted, t:oantv ckf Hert- brown sfis tn4n» . saA tf<>nnw ^t. ♦« ai. ici *. 

fonl,'Mf». iKy Uwes/in herMdycav. orownsss. to 40s.; soft y^Iow 4lt. to 418. 8d,f 

At her house on CtaiHiam Common, Anne, relict '^^ *^' ^ 47«. 

of JohirBiadney,^*. Coifee.— There continues to ho eraat flOeina- 

Mtc Katharine 9u0tt, i«Uct of tho la*a Wm. Bcnptions. with the cxceptioo of Mocha* «ve Su 

Bttffin, Bsq. of Bromley, in the county of Kent, to 4s. hightr } Dutch Coffiac Yamaias wittumt ^*- 

AggME^BIhr. Henty Foweti, qf the dear Imi, nation | tlieordlnary qualities of Jamaica may he 

At hSlSf^itote. Mangrove, Bari»ado«.. Mrs. V^'^f*' * **^?*?«' ?J.«*: ^\'^'* Ba.Mi»dto 

«teete> relict of tl^^ate John Bratliwaita descriptions sold in Mincmg. Une — ii» haga 

Sfceete, Bsd. of that island. Mocha (no drawbacic of 5a. tor cwt. on aBpoata^ 

At Kentish Town, Middlesex, Richard Bcald, tion allowed) sold at 9Ts. a KMs, accoidior to 

late Brook Alien Bridges, Esq. *^"** «<» <«»• The Eajt-India (ompany btonflht 

At her son's, in hCr 9sith v«ar, Mrs* Ann Kkk, fonraM nearly 3,000 bags» soiling in the usual 

late of Chase-side, Enfteld. manner, with the drawhaek of »s. on esporiaiiaa 

4t Cumwhiiton, to his 99(h year, Adam Dvydan, ^ . k-.., i*^k« in.. ^ unm ttA . t>»mA k... 

of that place, a distant fcliwu of DrydiuiS --«74 bales Mocl^a logs, olios. Od.j »^4 haga 

poet. '^ ^ ' of oibev descriptions | yellow and dark bravn 

In LoBdon*street, Pttarofiisqnarc, Mrs. Sarah Java 85s. a 83s. 6d. i Boarlmn 78a. a 6Aa. i Aeur- 

Sydenltam, Em .in Jhe.l'Jp^^y"*' •[*»«'„»««• , bon and Cherthon mixed 79: j damaged Java ria. 

St*. oISJSS.w^ oLto^ S?1. •^' ^' « 80.. 6d. , about a fourth of the Collin was tUrtad 

Mr. Wilson, many years waidrohe-keeper to to h«t.iken in foraccouutof the prop«\«ti«. 

^tJS^'n'«'2Stir2f''5Lli t2SS« wife SaUpetre,-By pubUc sale last week, i.»M haga 

.«?sJ;S^CSSl^^^^^^ 8»^»P«t~' ^'^' « *»•;«<*• i * considerable pro. 

^r the revived- sta«ctacte of JIama* Droojf, portion Uken in at the former rate. 

*"*'■^^5?L^5I"^f'T*?^-^u"•«^~"■ 5pMW.-The enquiry after Spieea haa conaf. 

CCS, the only daughter of the late Mr. George . v. • j«j.»-j - 

Lyilll, one o> his Majesty's .. esscngars. «>«n»^'y increased, and there ia every «ppnraocc 

After a short illness^ at hts house m Stanhope- of a reviviiig uade, 

street, Seorgiana, thewifbof ttoger Kynaston, 

Esq. ^^»i»^#»>o»#x»»»^»»o»^»w»<>^»»»»»»^ » ^# # ^^x^y 

At bis hoose in I>orsct.«treat, POrtnia»<«|uare, 

SirWimamPepperell Bart. ydTOw SHIP-LBTrER MAILS FOB INDIA. 

Mir. Edwaid Tiitr, of Captl-ooart, aged 79, near- * **** 

hriOy«rs in the home of.l>«w., Thowton. PeivatE ShjPS. 

M Axaagahad, Bast Indleft I>aaww BWa. Tour g, q^^ ^ ^^^ jf 

o# the Company** 9e^j«e (fKms lierwictashire) ml -.__. . , .« ^^ ^ 

agedst. lamCBttdbyallwhokMarMm. SUpHKavut. I^.Prohakl^'llmtifStm^ 

Mary 3oa — Jan. I 

,f^ ii.f nr.a r rrrinrrrrfJLrjiy^W^x* ^"■^ ' *W -f Vot.tt 

iMl. #««r^***#>#*^«^*^a-xrj5rrrrj^*^*^«^r^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ HfC. « 

Rapid ....4 174 mm OmwM 

Odtoa^Vhe adviaaa *am the IMmI ttatm Mihemta., 4io - Dtp. « 

MOtkiiu ch«¥ no cMMMvt ihlpmeats are ex* 8irS. Lushington. Qoo waiting a win d ii 

fftad •>! io^ia wepkof tha holders of Coiton •P'^e A.... 450 — 9iiwt 

%a«fetef»MdalUM«pMl<iMrt la. amisaqMenoe G«pe oad Me q^ r«9H«» 

Udy BaifiigdiiiA ») •» Mar^ 



urr.i 



IfuRa lapping Inldligenee, 



^0I^^I0<0 #<»»»» ^ »#^»»< 



INDIA SHiPPJNG INTELLIGENCE. 

The followlDf ofiicUd nMi6ciltion of the ettab- 
Itohment of lights at St. Michaels Isle, has been 
Koelfed at the Admiralty :— 

*' Consnl General's Office for the Azores, 
at St. Michacl*s, Nov. 10, 1816. ' 

*' Notice is hereby given to Navigators, that the 
M l u w iug Ijgfat Huttses are now establishing on 
tfaesottfn side .of this Island, vis. on the top of 
the Cathedral Steeple of Ponta Oelga^a City, %t 
an elevation of one Iioadred and ten feet above the 
aurfaceof the water, a Light Hoose is^mpleted, 
and lifted up with eight glass lamps and reflectors. 
At the east point of the bay, called Ponu da 
Oalera, another Li^t House is benin, which 
bears S,B. by E. from the Cathedral Ughts, das- 
tant about nine naatic miles, will be completed 
•boot tlie lotb of December i and a^third Light 
House on a peak, situated at the S. W. quarter 
of the island, near Ponta de Ferreira, is expected 
to be ready by the 1st of January, 18l7| and, in 
the event of the funds collected being sufRcienf, 
it is in contemplation to erect a fourth Ught at 
the north-east point of the island. 

** The following rates are established for the 
maintenance thereof.— Vessels under fifty tons 
burthen, half a dollar, or five hundred reis«— 
From fifty to one hundred tons, one d<4Ur, or ■ 
one thousand reis, — ^From au hundred tons, up* 
wards, one dollar and a half, or one thousand 

five hundred reis. The said lights will be shewn 

every night throughout the year,Trom lialf an hour 
after san-set, to half an hour before sun>rise.** 
(<igned) 
" WMuM Hardiftg Read, Cunsul-Oeneral.** 

Bombay.— Arrived, May 14 th, Charlotte, Brown, 
from London. 

15th.— Samaraacc, Capt. Glover, firem England, 
Passenger, Mr. Beck . ^ . « • 

Upton Castle, Bevts, from England* Passen- 

Srs, Mr. Wybrow, burgeon of the 17th Dragbons, 
rs. Wybrow, two Misses Goodhew, B. Howies, 
Em. and Assistant-Surgeon Hall, from the Cape« . 

The bon* Company's .ship Cabaiva, from 
EnclMid. Passengers .M x\ Reade and Mr. Stubbs, 
VlTnters; Mr. Pollock. Assistant-Surgeon. 

The hon. Company's ship Cumberland, from 
Bngtand. Passengers, Capt. Byers, Mr. Rogers,. 
Ciwet; Mr. Whiteside.. Free JMariner^ 

The hon. Comiuuiv's ship Ladv Melville. ' 
Passengers', Mn. Backhouse, Miss C. Bayncs, 
Miss A. S. Anderson, Capt. M'Neil, Lieutenant. 
Gnvenor and Comet Backhouse, Lieutenant 
Mahon, Ensigns Fcnicr, Watts, Newhuuse, 
Asatstjant-Suigcnns M' Gregor and Radford, Or. 
A. B«U Assist ant-Suigeon ; J. Murdock, Mate 
of the Buckinghamshire, J» Morris and J. Reed, 
Flee Mariners. 

The hon. Company^s slilp Marquis of Huntly. 
Ftasengers, Major Dunbar, Lieutenant Manson, 
Messrs. Bell, Crawford and E. Elliott, Writers. 
Mr. 8. Prescott, of the Buckinghamshire. 

The hon. Company's ship Castle Huntky. 
Passengers, Majar-t<en. Browne, Capt*. Bro«me, 
Capt. Meal and lady, (apt. Lewis and lady, Mr. 
Aloerton, free Manner. 

Free Trader, Princess Charlotte, Lushman^ 
from England. 

JWvy ifltfc— Bombay Anna, f^oro Englaoid. 

HomB Pont. 

Pimwtemlk, Nov, 89fA.— Arrived, the Revolo^ 
tlonnaire friff^te, from the Cape of Good Hope. 

ft^ , 7iA.— Came in to-day, tlie Eliza, King, 
from the Isle of France in three months, bnund 
to LMidon. with loss of rigcing, sails, and boats. 
and her cargo damaged ; in Tat. 40, Ion. WK spoke 
m Portuguese brig from Maranham to Oporto, 
with los* of boHts and saillL - 

8(A.— Capt, King, of Ihe Eliaa, (arrived here 
from the Isle of France), reporu, that on the 51 h 
Srptember the ship Orion arrived at the Isle of 
France from Crfcutta. On the 96tb September 
•poke two whalers off the Cape of Good Hope, 
ene-callevl the Beward, Richards, the name of 
the oihe# ■• unknown ; they informed him that 
thesltip to leeward was the Union txtra ship* 
forty days from Bombay, all well. 

^nortc Jiwrw.— No. 13. 



9tft«— Camein, tht Amphltrite frigate »nd ^k 
slbop of .war from the East Indies. 

PorttmoBiA, JDec. 5U.— Arrived his Majesty'^ 
ships Alpheus from Bombay, Acbar ftimi Balifuc, 
and Hi)pe froth acBuisc} the Alphets stiifed fcom 
Bombay aeth M^, Isle of France I4tli Aogfist, 
the Cape ft7«b September, and St. Helena 17th 
October*, in lat. 17* 49. long, lb. 9%. spoke the 
Marv Ann from Bengal and the Iste of France 
for London, ali well. The Ocean sailed from St. 
Helena f<;r England l.^th October. Capt. Camp, 
bell, late of the Hesper, and Mr- Langford. fete 
collector of the customs at the Maiiriuus, cam^ 
passengers in the Atpheus. 

Dec. 6tJi.**/.rriffed the Alexander, Iiondon, and 
Ocean transports, from Deptford for the Cime and 
Isle of France ; Dorothy, Foater, from the Downs 
for Jamaica; WHUam from the Downs for Tri- 
nidad j and Isabella, Downing, from Nortb Yar- 
mouth 'for the Mediterranean. SaUed, his Ma- 
jesty's ship Hope, on a cruize, and Sprightly, 
Blair, for London. 

Dec. s^A.->-Arrived, fais Maiesty>s ship Horatio, 
from the Cape of Good Hope j spoke on the I5ch 
Aogost, the Orpheus, Flndlay, from London, for 
B'Mnbay j on the tdth October, the Surry, Beadle, 
from Batavia to London ; and gn the 25th October, 
the Sea Lion, Wall, from Batavia, for Boston*. 
Passed by for the river, the Tartlidge. Anderson, 
from Bombay. 

Dec. ii)(A.— Arrived his Majesty's ship Zebra, 
frt>m the C^pe. « , 

Dfi, II CA.— Arrived the Albiiiia, Witherall, from 
Java; she is for London, but put in here, beins 
in want of water and provisions. Sailed lath for 
London. 

Dec. ISU,— Arrived his Mtojesty's ship Cam0- 
leon, from the East Indies. 

Dec. iS<A —The Shipley, for Botany Bay, nn 
fool of the Ocean transport, and carried Away 
her bowsprit, spr^taall-yard. &c. The Milwoed, 
Bayly, from Canton, has arrived at Cowes, boimd 
to Amsterdam. 

Dec. l6t/(.— Arrived his Majesty's ship Atnphi- 
trite, firoin India j Violet, Allen, from tluenoi 
Ayres. 

Dea^ Dec.4iA.— Sailedi the London, Ocean, and 
Alexander transports, for the Cape of Good Hope 
and Isle of France. 

Difc. 6(A.— Came down the river and remain, 
Morley for New Soutli Wales; Diike of Marl- 
borough for Cape of Good Hope, and the Hype- 
rion tor Bombay. 

Dee, lOf'i.— Arrived and sailed to tbe river. 
Ocean from Batavia, Orient f roni Bengal, Veno< 
from the South Seas. Came down the river and 
remain, Cornwallis for the Cape, Admiral Gam« 
bier Wr Ceylon. 

«Dp<f. lUA.— The extra ship James Sibbald ar- 
rived in the Downs on the t ith iitst. Srom Beneat 
and the Moluccas. She left Bengal the flfti Fe- 
bruary, Batavia the 90tb March, Bauda tbe sist 
June, Amboyna the I6th July, and St. Helena 
the lOth October. 

Dec. lOtA.-^Arrlved Thomas Grenville fr9tn 
China, Surry from Batavia. Came down the 
river and remain. Lord Melville for Benghl, 
sailed 19th ♦ _ 

Dec. i7(A.-.^Arrived the Union from India, and 
sail«Hl with the Thotnas Gren'rille for the river. 

Dee. 191&.'— Came down the river, tlte Moffatf, 
for Madras and Bencoolen. 

Margate^ Dee. 16<A.— Tbe Lord MeWille npt- 
ward-bound East Indiaman, was supplied Ikst 
night with an anchor, having lost three in the late 
gales; she proceeded t&is morning for the Downs j 
the James Sibbald, outward-bound East Indiaman, 
is riding in Pan Sand-hole, and has sent a-skore 
for a supply of provisions } the ships in Pan. 
Sand'hcle remain alt well. 

The Conqueror, 74, under tbe command ^f 
Captain Davie, is fitting out at SheerneSs for the 
reception of the flag of Rear.Admir>il Plampin, 
lately appointed commande^in•cillef at St. 
Helena. 

. His Muesty's sbip Cameleon is arrived from 
India.-rOn the 4ih July the Company's ship 
Surrey was about to proceed to Indramayo, from 
whtnce she was ,cp return, to Batavia, and after- 
wards to be dispatched tq England. Tli« Corh- 
Siny*t ship Europe was about to proceed from 
atavia to Bengal In Jnly. 

Vol. III. N 1 



Trke CurmU of Eait-IndkL Produce for Decemher ldl6« 



Cftdilncftl ....- lb. S 6 to 4 4 

CdTecJava cwt. 4 S — 4 10 

•-— Cheribon 4 — 44 

——Bourbon 4 — 45 

r — Mocha 5 lo o — 6 15 

Couoii. Sumt «..lb. 1 1—^01 

— Bxtnfine 14—0 

— Bengal O II — 

— -> Bourbon O 1 II •— S 

Vrngs, &c. for Dveing. 

Aloes, Epatica .^cwt. 8 00 

ilnntsee(to. Star 4 10 

Bonx. Refined^ 4 15 

V— UnreAned, orTincal 4 10 

€amphirc uRreAned II 

Caidemoms, Malabar ..lb 3 

— Ctrylon 

Cassia Bads cwt. SI O 

— Lifnea. 9 

Castor Oil lb. 1 9 

^Chioa Snot cart. 1 15 

Coculas Indicat 2 15 

CoIumboRr>ot 8 10 

Oragon*s Blood 

Gum Amaoniac, lamp.. 

——Arabic 9 10 

»— Assafoiida .. 

— Benjamia 7 

— Animi cwt. 5 10 O 

*— Gaibamira 

— Gambogium 17 — 83 

— Myrrh 8 O — 10 

— —OllbaDiim 5 -r 8 

IfttC Lake l 9 t- o 

— Dye 9 6 — 

— SbetUBlock 8 lO O — 8. 15 

— ShWtred 9 10 —14 

— Stick *,...',„ SIO'O — 8 

Mmk. Cbtna u>x. 14 6 — o 18 

WttX^ Vomica cwt. 1 S O — 1 10 

Oil Cassia oz. 8 — 08 

*— Cinnampn ,.. o 18 

— Cloves O 8 8 — 8 10 

— i— Mact 

— ^ Natmegs 19 

Opium U>. 

Rbabarb 4 9—090 

.Bal Ammoniac cwt. 7 

,..(b. p i 6 -^ 8 







9 
1 6 
1 1 



— 19 

— 4 15 



19 
5 



11 10 
O ft. O 

8 0^0 

9 
8 15 



— 500 

— 6Q 
-■• 10 O 






1 
5 





O 



9' 

6 



O 







9 



Tunneriek, Java V ••cwt. l lo o 

— Bengal ,r :.. 1 8 

— Chipa 8 

.Zedoary >..., 

Oalls, in Sorts 6 

— Blne.^. ,; 8 g 

Indigo, Blue ....lb, 

—iBIae and Violet 7 6 

—— Purple and Violet... 6 4 
Fine Violet 

Good Ditto 6 6 

-^<^ Fine Violet & Copper 5 8 

— Good Ditto 5 

—.- Good Copper.. 4 8 

-»~ Middling Ditto 4 6 

— Ordinary Ditto 3 6 

—— Fine Madias ......... 5 9 

Middling Ditto 4 6 

<— Ordinary Ditto 3 9 

Rice cwt. 8 8 

Saffiower cwt. 4 lO 

Sago cwt. 8 

Saltpetre, Refined cwt. 8 9 

Silk, Bencal Skein lb. 18 9 

—1- NOTI 15 5 

Ditto White 

~ China 1 1 

— — Prnmsine... 1 17 

Spices Cinnamon lb. 10 9 

Cloves 3 8 

— Mace 9 

— Nunnegs 6 I 

— Ginger cwt, 9 9 

— Pepper, Black.... lb. 7 

White 11 

Sugar, Yellow cwt. lis 

White ....,,.. 8 10 

^^ Brown..: l 14 

Te^, Bohea... ./.... lb. 8 6 

——Congou 8 9 

— Souchong.....":........ 9 10 

— — Campoi. , 8 9 

— Twankay 8 11 

Pekoe 4 

— Hyson Skin 8 10 

-^— Hyson 047 

— Goopowiler 5 4 

Tortoisesbell 19 

Wpods, Saunders Red.. tun 11 





L.t: 


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1 15 





— 


1 10 





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Q 



Goods dechred for Sale at the East-India House. 



Oa Friday, 10 Jmnarjf-t'Pramfa 11 Jpril, 
Cbfli;)«iif*s,— Cotton-wonl, 1,580 bales« 
Pri«tl£ge.— Cotton-wok>l, 8,5^ bales. 

Oa Friday; 17 JauMarjf^Prompt ii Jpril, 
Cnspoay*!.— €ofier, 6»184 fa^ga ~f Sugar, 9^999 



Oa 3%Miday, 81 Jaa a af f Prompt 16 JjniL 

CfMipaay**.— Chipa Baw^ilk, 913 bales— BfQ' 
fiddittOf 1,154 bales. 



Pritilegt md Private'Trade. — China Raw-silkr 
90 bates— 9engal ditto, 906 l>ales. 

Oa TWiday, U Fe&ncary— Pivnipt 9 illay. 

(ComjMMy**.— BWIf iiiHt While Pepper— Cinna- 
mon— CloTet—Ma^e— Nutmegs— Oil orCinna* 
mon, Nutmegs and Mace. 

Pnpertif <ff Ceyhn Oovemaait.— Oil of Cinna- 
mon. 



Cargoes of Easi-lndia Company^s Ships lately arrived. 



Cansoca of the TKoauu GremriUe, Oeewtt Jamet 
Obbmld, Sumjft and C/nion, from China, Ben- 
pi, Madras, Amboyna, lie. 

Cmpoay's Ooodk.— Tea, 770,168 Ibs^-CofliK, 
«afar» Sapaa Wood. Saltpetre, Mace, Nutmcgi, 
Cloves, Oil of Mace, d(stmed Oil of Nutmegs^, 

pripau-Tnie and PrwiUge, — Teas, Nankeen 
Clinbf Chin* Wan^ Lao^utitd Ware^ Boy, Hnne 



Skins, Castor Oil. Indigo, Raw Silk, flB/tmegt, 
Mace, Piece Goods, Wnraght Sliks, tadiea 
Dresses, Handkerchiefs, Rattans, Ground Rat« 
tans, Malacca Canes, Whanglices, Bed Wood, 
Amboyna Wood, Kyapooty Oil, Sassafras Oil, 
Fans, Birds of Paradise, Tortokeshetl, Kyabooko» 
Ebony, Sagp, BancaTin, Casila, Madeira Wise, 
Sherry Wine. 



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THE 



ASIATIC JOURNAL 



FOR 

FEBRUARY 181 7. 






MEMOIR 

OF THE LATS 

, JdAJOR-GENERAL SIR GEORGE HOLMES, K.C.B. 

Tus subject of oqr present me- to the besiegers, including gun^y 

uoir was a native of Cumberland, .treasure, and prisoners to a great 

and left England at a very early amount. Among the latter were 

age, in the military service of the the person and family of the be* 

East India Company^ on the Bom- sieging General. 

bay establishment. In 1783, I^ieutenant Holmes 

After serving a short time as a served under General Macleod 
cadet, he, in 178Q, got an ensigncy .against Tippoo Sultan. He was at 
.in the Bombay European regiment, the storm and capture of Ca- 
afid was soon after promoted and nanore ; soon after which thie 
removed to the tenth battalion of general peace in Europe led to 
Native Infantry. With this corps similar tranquillity in India, which 
Lfieutenant Holmes was actively .was. not n^aterially disturbed on 
employed in the war then carrying the western side, until the con- 
00 against the Mahrattas, and was federacy of the English, the Mah- 
present, amon^ other affairs, at the rattas, and Nizam Ally Khan, 
capture of BelTapore and Panwell against Tippoo in 1791«. In that 
in 1780 and the following year, year and the following Lieutenant 
In 1781 and 1782 he was at the Hohnes served with that distin- 
defence of Tellicherry, so perse- guished corps, the Bombay grena- 
Tenngly besieged by the troops of dier battalion, in General Aber- 
Hyder Ally un4er Serdar Khan, crombie's army, at the siege of 
At the brilliant sally of the little Seringapatam, and in the various 
gaixisoD, under^ their gallant com- .services in Mysore and Malabar. 
oumder Major Abington, on the .In 1794 he was promoted to the 
7th of January 1782, Lieutenant r^nk of Captain in the Bombay 
Holmes was severely wounded. European regiment ; but we have 
The lapse of years, and the no notice of his services from that 
rapid succession of more important .time till 1798, when he was em- 
events, have, of course, caused al- .ployed in Colonel Little's, detach- 
most a foreetftdness of such afiairs ment, which co-operated with the 
as the sally in question : it was, Mahratta army in the last war 
however, very important at the against Tippoo Sultan, Al^r 
time ; it critically terminated the ^the fall of Seiingapatam in the fol- 
fiiege of a position of great military lowing year, many of Tippop's 
wifoUtical consequence, discom- forts in Kuiara refused to surren- 
fited a large anay^with vast loss der to the Epglish, ai^d Captam 
Jaumal^lfo. 14. Vol, UI O 



94? Memoir of the late Major-General Sir George Holmes. CFeh. 



Holmes was selected to command 
a force to, reduce them. Several 
of these (brts resisted vigorously, 
but the service wgs very com- 
pletely executed, and Captain 
Holmes received on this occasion 
the particular thanks of Major- 
General Hartley, commanding offi- 
cer in Malabar and Kanara. 

The acquisition of Malabar by 
the English, however valuable, was 
a very troublesome one. Tippoo 
and his father had sacrificed army 



army and of half the world is on 
the deed, th^re, are abundi^ce of 
stimuli to pr<^fessional exertion: 
but in such a service as the reliefs 
of Montana, carried on through 
trackless forests, where guns 
cannot move, in a pestiferous clif 
mate, at the worst season of the 
year, when, without seeing an 
enemy, your men drop every nio- 
ment by your side, and combatn^ 
almost every imaginable difficulty, 
except that stimulating one of a 



after army in the fruitless attempt bi(ttle-r-there it is that the energj 
to subjugate the Rajas of that and perseverance of the soldieFi 



warlike country. The military 
tribe of Nt^ir is very numerous; 
and such'was their high spirit, that 
the idea of subjugation or depen- 
•dance of any sort, was indignantly 
sj^urned. U is said, and we be- 
lieve justly, of this tribe, that no 
individual of it ever appears with- 
out a drawn sword m his hand, 
and that, to avoid incumbrance, 
five men have only one wife among 
them. The struggles of these des- 
perate people, evinced the military 
excellence of the materiel of which 
they were composed. It was a 
most harassing warfare; from its 
iremoteness carried on without 
eclat, from its nature apparently 
without systein, and from its re- 
-sults, long without much appear- 
ance of success. In this warfare 
Captain Aolmes, who now com- 
manded a battalion of Native In- 
fantry, was foremost on all occa- 
sions. The Bombay army will 
long remember the spirit with 



and the address of a conmiandeF 
are tried, 

These are the extracts to which 
we have adverted :— 

" Provincial Qrders^ 
Cananoret Sth Augutt^ IW. 

'^ Colonel iSartorious requests 
Major Holmes will accept hj^ 
warmest thanks, for his zealous 
and active exertions in the relief 
of Montana. 

" The ^mmanding Officer*? 
sincere thanks are also due to. the 
whole of the officers and men iem-< 
ployed, for their gallant and steady 
conduct, as reported by Major 
Holmes ; without which the ob- 
stacles they had to encounter 
could not have^been overcomei|«in 
performing the services they have 
effected.** 

** From Brigade-Major Spens to 
Major Holmes. 

<* Cnnamre, Ut October, 1800. 
** Sir, — I am directed by Colo- 



whicli he at different times volun- nel Sartorious to acknowledge 

teered that most desperate and an- the receipt of your letter of 29th 

no3ring service, the reliefs of Mon- ultimo, and to convey to you his 

tana, and the perseverance and most warm thanks, for havmg widi 

vigourwithwhichheeffectedtt. We so much judgment, with the de- 



ahall presently introduce extracts 
from some recorded documents to 
which we have had access, shew- 
ing the sense entertained by his 
immediate silperiors of Major 
Holmes's conduct in this tfymg 
service, ais it was justly termed : 



tachment under your comipjand, 
overcome every difficulty in exe- 
cuting the arduous and severe ser* 
vice of the last relief of Mcmtana. 
And he begs you will make known 
in the most public matiner to Gap- 
tains Baird and Howden, and to ffl 



premising, that where, as indie the officers and men of roiirite- 
4;ontest6 at Seringapatam, Badagoz, tachment, his sense of thenrper- 
^aterloo, *c. the eye of a whole severing exertions on Ais ttmf^ 



1§17.3 Memoir of the late Major- 

occasion, and which he will have 
Terj great pleasure in reporting 
to the Hon. Colonel Wellesley. 
" I have the honour, &c." 

Frwn the Hon. Colonel WeUesley 
{nam Duke of Wellington) to 
Cokmel SartoriottSn 

^ Campf ID miles iouth o/Kopal, 
\6th November, IftOO. 

^* I b\so request that you will 
Communicate' to Major Holmes 
that paragraph in the enclosed 
extract which relates to him. I 
am concerned that his health 
ahould oblige him to go to Bom- 
JMiy, and I request you wiU give 
the enclosed letter to the Gover- 
nor in Council of that settlement." 

Extract (referred to above) from a 
' Later from the Chief Secretary 

to the Oovemment of Madras 
' to the Hon. Colonel Wellesley^ 

dated Fort St. George; 7th A(w. 

1800. 

** I have had the honour of re- 
ceiving your letter of the ISth 
ultimo, with its enclosures, and 
am directed to express to you 
the satisfaction of the Right Hon. 
the Governor in Council at the con- 
duct of Major Hoimes, and of the 
troops under his command, in the 
last relief of the post of Montana." 

From the Hon, Colonel Welleslei/ 
to the Hon. the Crovernor in 
Council of Bombay, (re/erred to 
' above) dated Camp, 10 miles 
south of Kopaly 1 5th November, 
1800. 

« Sir, — As I understand from 
Colonel Sartorious that Major- 
Holmes is about to leave Malabar, 
end to join his corps at Surat, I 
take this opportunity of expressing 
to you my high sense of the ser- 
Tice which he has rendered to the 
public during the time that he has 
commanded the troops in the 
Koliote districto. I have alr^y 
tdcen an opportunity of. mention* 
big ia Avonrable terms his ser- 
lices to the Government of Fort 
St George ; but ai Major Hohnes 



General Sir George Holmes. 95 

is about to be more immediately 
under your orders, I take the 
liberty of recommending him to 
your favourable notice. 

" I have the honour, &c. 

(Signed) " ArthurWelleslet." 

From the Adjutant-General of the 
Bombay Army (date not noted) 
to Colonel Sartorious, command' 
ing the troops in Malabar. 

" Sir, — In reply to that para- 
graph of your letter of the 24th 
ultimo, on the subject of the zeal- 
ous and active services of Major 
Holmes, which has been laid before 
Government, I am directed by the 
Commanding Officer of the Forces 
to acquaint you, that he embraces 
the earliest opportunity of signify- 
ing to that officer, together with his 
own, the very high sense which the 
Hon.the Governor in Council enter- 
tains of Major Holmes's meritorious 
and gallant exertions in the ardu- 
ous duties which he had to perform 
in the present Kotiote service, a:^ 
well as of the conduct and persever- 
ing bravery of the officers and men 
who composed the detachment 
under his command, in the difiPerent 
operations which he was called on to 
execute. A declaration of well- 
earnedpraise, which the Command- 
ing Officer of the Forces experi- 
ences great pleasure that it has 
&llen to his lot to communicate*. 
. <> The above you will be pleased 
to promulgate in such way, as may 
mdce more generally known to the 
troops under your command, this 
public testimony of the merits of 
Major Holmes, and of the officers 
and men who lately served under 
him in the districts of Kotiote^ 
<< I have the honour, &c. 

(Signed) " Robert Gordoit, 
Adjutant General.** 

This brings us nearly to the end 
of the year. 1800. In the two fol- 
lowing years Major Holmes was 
employed under General Sir David 
Baird in Egjrpt, in command of 
the 2d battalion 1st Native regi- 
ment. Few or no opportunities 

02 



96 Memoir o/ the late Major-General Sir George Hclmes. C?«- 
occurred in that quarter for the In 1803, Major Holmes Qom- 
Indian army to achieve any field manded a field force operating 
laurels. Major Holmes' corps was against a rebeUious member of the 
always, as may be supposed from Gaikawar government, and distm- 
being under such an officer, who guished himself greatly on many 
was never an hour absent from it, occasions. We have not space for 
in the most efficient state. the enumeration of all such as have 

Immediately after the expulsion come within our knowledge, and 
of the French from Egypt, and the shall merely quote from the .d«u- 
return thence of the fndian Army, inents to which we ^V^ve accew. 
Major Holmes' corps was sent the recorded tesUmomes of those 
into Guzerat. Our recent acqui- >«08t competent to appreciate hi». 
sitions in that ouarter demand- services on those occasions, 
ed very active muitary measures ; from J. A^ Qroftt^ B$q. Seeretwry 
and although scarcely heard of to the' Government of Bamiu^^ 
in Europe amid the eclat of nearer to Lieut.- Colonei Henry Worn* 
warfare, a series of very ener- ington^ commanding the SuMdi^ 
getic service has almost ever since, artf Force at Baroda^ dated Bom^ 
Uiat is since 1802, been displayed ^ny Castle^ l^h February 180S. 
on that belligerent arena. In that ., ^^ _^ j ^ directed by the 
year, among other smartaffair8,Ma. jj^^ ^^^ Governor in CouncQ to 
jorHohnes was present at the siege acknowledge the receipt of your 
of Baroda. Among our docu- ^^^^^ ^^ .^jf^ g^ .^^^J^^ ^i^]f; jt^ 

ments we find the following order enclosure, detailing the particulars 

T^r^i^V*"^ ""^""n ^^^^^^*»S if the attack on Canojee^s camp by 
the field force m Guzerat. ^^^ detachment under the com- 

** Field Momimg Ordfrsy ihand of Major Holmes. 
Baroda, 21th Dec. 1802. u g. The Governor in Council 
" Whilst Lieut.-Col. Woodii^- cannot advert to the energy, intre- 
ton laments the loss of the gallant pidity, and extraordinary exertions 
men who fell before Baroda, he manifested byMajor Holmes on that 
congratulates the troops on the occasion, without expressing his 
successfiil termination of hostili- highest approbation ot the merits 
ties, by compelling our enemies of that officer, and at the same 
to evacuate the fort of Baroda, and time acknowledging that to this 
, accept the terms prescribed to officer's professional exertions and 
them by government. He en- personal intrepidity so. conspicu- 
treats the officers and men to &c- ously evinced at the crisis of this 
cept his unfeigned tiianks' for the very serious attack, must be chief- 
ready and willing support which ly ascribed the complete overthrow 
h^ has received from them; and of Canojee and nis adherents, 
although the enemy gave the army which government has no doubts 
in general, but few opportunities will, under your instructions, be 
of distinguishing themselves, still uninterruptedly followed up tilt 
they did not fail to avail them- this war be brought to a happy 
selves of such as ofibred ; as was termination* 
instanced in the attack and defeat « I have the honour, Ac.** 
of a considerable body of Arabs ,_ . . _ ,, „ ,, ,^ 
by a party of his Majesty's 86th (Pnvate) From the HonouraUi^ Mr. 
hsgiraSit under Captain Semple J^can^ Governor <^^«*^ 
on the 22d instantT ahd also of to Major H(^es, dated Bombay 
M^or Holmes, who with his bat- 1*^* ^^- •^^3- 
talioii repelled an attack of double " My dear Sir,-«Although the o^' 
his liumber of Arabs on the same ficial acknowledgment of youx^ga^* 
day." l«nt conduct will reach^you io doe 



1S170 Memoir of the hie Major-General Sir George Hoime$. 97 ^ 

course through Colonel Wood- against Sindea, Holkar, and other 
ington, yet I cannot refrain from chiefltains. . On okie occasion Lient. 
aeparately expressing my own ad« Colonel Holmes's detachment es*- 
miration of it It seldom happens corted treasure to a large amount 
that a commanding officer has an from Guzerat to the Bengal army 
opportunity to such a degree as under Lord Lake besieging Bhurt- 
circumstances led to in your case, poor. On the march thither and 
on the 6th> nor can any, I am per- returning, a line of about six hun-^ 
suaded, occur, where a better and dred miles through a hostile coun* 
more glorious use can be made of try, his detachment was smartly 
it: accept then of my sincerest attended by Holkar's active and 
congratulations and thanks, which annoying cavalry : but notwith- 
1 shall be happy, if the means standing the notoriety of the na* 
should occur, of more substantial- ture of his charge, so inviting to 
ly evincing * my sense of, being the cupidity of the Mahrattas, he 
with sincere esteem,' your faithful effected the service with the com- 
and obedient servant, pletest success. Until 1807 Co- 

(Signed) << John Duncan." lonel Holmes was almost constant- 
" Extract from FMd Orders, ly employed in the field in Guzc- 
Camp near Baroda, 24th Feb, 1803. rat ; he then succeeded to the tem- 
<^ Lieut-Colonel Woodington has porary charge of the force subsi- 

Seat pleasure in conveying to dized by the Gaikawar govern*- 
ajor Holmes the strongest ap- ment ! and in the following year 
probation and thanks of Major- that respectable command was con- 
Ueneral Nicolls* for his intrepid ferred upon him by the government 
conduct on the 6th instant, and of Bombay, in approbation of his 
his thanks to the officers and men services, as appears by the two 
of His Majesty's 86th regiment for following extracts, 
their gallantry in supporting him -p. . ^ r^i ^ n/r - 
-also his thinks to His Ms|est/s ^^^^^/, ^^ ^^f^f^, A^^. ,^«^?^ 
75th regiment for their soldierlfke /T^^^^^/ f^^'^^'^ ReszdetU tn 
conduct in immediately forming ^"^^^^i>. /% ^^f ^^^ ^^^^^ 
^fter sustaining so severe a loss, ^'^' Chief Secretary to the Go^ 

and contributing by their exertions ^^^T4aC ^^^^' ^^ ^'^ 

to the success of lie day. ^""''^ ^^^7- 

« Lieut.-Colonel Woodingtonat " Adverting* to the absence of* 

the same tune requests Major Colonel Woodington from the im- 

Hohnes, and the officers and men portant duties of his command, it 

under his command will accept of will not I trust be deemed impro- 

his humble approbation of their per, if I respectfully recall the at- 

gallantry and success in storming tention of the Honourable the Go- 

Uie enemy's camp on the 6th inst. vernor in Council to the merits* 

, and services of Lieutenant-Colonel 

Major Holmesobtained a Lieut.- Holmes. 
Colonelcy in 1803, and continued ic The nature of these it may be 
during that and the two following unnecessary to detail ; but they 
years in very active service, in are warm in the recollection of this 
command of a field detachment. government,f which would not on- 
He was at the siege and capture ly view with satisfaction, but con- 
of Pawanghut ; a service of con- ceive it peculiarly agreeable and 
siderable eclat at the time, as this acceptable, were these services 
fort^esd was reckoned among the noticed by his being placed in Co- 
natives one of the most celebrated lonel Woodington's situation du- 
Ibr strength in India. War was ring his absence. 
at lltts time exfeeDsively carried on 



* On account of iUness. 
^ CdmnMnder-in-Chief of.t^e Bombay Army. \ The Gaikawar Government of Guzerat 



Prke Cttrrmi of Emt^huHa Produce for December IdlS* 



£. I. d. 

Cttdiineal lb. o s 6 

Coffee, Jam cwt. 4 fl 

*-— Cheribtm 4 

^—Bourbon 4 

«-— Mocha 5 10 

Cotton, Simit »...lb. oil 

—>— Extra fine 14 

— — Bengal O 11 

«— * Bourbon 1 11 

Drngs, &c. for Dveing. 

Aloes, Epntica .^cwt. 8 

Ann iseeds. Star 4 10 

Bonx, Refined.. 4 15 

V— Unrefined, or Tincal 4 10 O 

Camphirc unrefined..... 110 

CttrdemQinB,lfalabttr..ib S 

— Ceylon 

CaMia Bud* cwt. ftl 

— Lianea 9 

Castor Oil lb. 1 3 

>China Root cwt. 1 lb 

Coculos Indicus 2 15 

GoIumboRciot 8 10 

{)ragon*s Blood 

Oum Ammoniac, lamp.. 

——Arabic S 10 

•— — Assafiaeiida 

— — Benjamto 7 

— — Animi cwt. 5 10 O 

-— Oaibaniiin 

— — Gambogium 17 

— Myrrh 8 

— — Oiibaoum 5 

lac Lake i s 

—•Dye 3 6 

— ^ ShellfBlock 9 lo o 

— > ShiTtred 3 10 

— Stick ,....',.. 3 10 

Muak, Cliina... jo*. 14 6 

MttxVumica cwt. i & o 

Oil Cassia oz. ft 

^— > Cinnampn ,.. o IS 

•— C1o«<es 9 6 

—— Maci 

»->- Nutmeg* 13 

Opium U>. 

Rhubarb 4 3 

itel Ammoniac cwt. 7 

Senna ,..(b. p t 6 



L, f. 


d. 


to 4 


4 


— 4 10 





— 44 





-^4 5 





— 6 16 





-1 1 


3 


-' 1 


6 


— 1 


1 


— 08 


6 


— 13 





— 4 15 





— 13 





— 05 





— 11 10 





— A. 





— 8 0^0 


— 30 





— 8 14 





— 40 





— 60 





— 10 





— 88 





— 10 





-T 8 





•!- 1 


9 


— 06 


6 


— 9 16 





-f 14 





— 80 





— 18 





— 1 10 





— 08 


3 



— 9 10 

— 090 
•? 8 6 



X. I. d» 

Tunnerick, Javavcwt. i lo o 

— Btngd „ :.. 1 8 o 

— China 8 

Zedoary...., 

Galls, in Soru 6 

— Blne.y,. .', 8 

Indigo, Blue lb. 

— Blue and Violet 7 6 

— Purple and Violet... 6 4 
Fine Violet 

GotKi Ditto 5 6 

—«- Fine Violet & Copper 5 9 

— • Good Ditto ..-. 5 

•—- Gond Cupper 4 8 

-«- Middling Ditto 4 6 

Ordinary Ditto 3 6 

— Fine Madras ,.. 5 9 

— Middling Ditto 4 6 

— Ordinary Ditto 3 9 

Rice. cwt. 9 8 

Safflower cwt. 4 lo o 

Sago cwt. 9 

Saltpetre, Refined cwt. 9 9 

Silk, Bengal Skein lb, 19 9 

— 1- NoTi 15 5 

Ditto While 

China 1 I 

— prganaine i 17 

Spicep, Cinnamon lb. 10 9 

Cloves 3 8 

— Mace 9 

Nuthiegs 6 1 

— Ginger cwt, 3 9 

— Pepper, Black.... lb. 7 

White 11 

Sugar, Yellow cwt. lis O 

-— White ;,.. 9 10 

Brown..: 114 

Te^, Bohea,...^. lb. 9 6 

— Congou 9 9 

— i— Souchong..... "1 3 10 

— Campoi 9 9 

— Twankay 9 ll 

Pekoe 4 

— Hyson Skin 9 10 

-;— Hyson , 4 7 

—~~ Gunpowder 5 4 

Tortoisesbell 19 

Wpods, Saandert Red..tun 11 





L.t: 


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— 


1 10 





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8 10 





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— 


4 


4 


— • 


9 4 





— 


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— 


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.1.. 


15 


6 


— 


L 11 





.. 


1 9 


4 


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9 9 





— 


11 


7 


— . 


3 


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*-» 


11 


Q 


.«; 


6 


9 


— 


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_ 


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— 


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— • 


3 10 





— 


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11 10 


Q 



Goods declared for Sale at the East-India House. 



•Oa Friday, 10 JMaary^oPrompI li Jjnil, 
Cbm/iaay**,— Cntton-wonl, i,&80 bales, 
Prtviie^e.— Cotton-wool, 8,486 bales. 

0» Fridttjf,' 17 Jamtarjf^Prompt il Jprik 
CoM/way**.— Coffee, 6>184 b^ga — Sugar, 3^399 

iMgS. 

On TWidsy, 91 JamMry— ProMjrt 18 Jprii, 

Com^aay't.— China Baw^llk, 313 bales— B^q. 
gal ditto, 1,144 bales. 



Priri/tffe and Prtvate-Trade* —China Raw-ailkr 
90 bales— Bengal ditto, 306 hales. 

Oa TVesday, ll Pebnarjf^Pfvmpt 9 illay. 

CoNipaiiy's.— Biacl^ and White Pepper— Cinnn- 
mon—Clores—Mabe— Nutmegs — Oil of Cinna- 
mon, Nutmegu, and Mace. 

Pnpertjf qf Ceyhn OovermMnl.— Oil of Cinna- 
mon. 



Cargoes of East^lndia Company's Ships latdy anioed. 



Carffoes of the Tkcmat GrnMU, Ooena, Jamet 
jSSftftaid, Sumjft and Union, from China, Ben* 
p1i Madras, Amfooyna, &c. 

CoajMay** Goods.- Tea, 770,168 lbs>-Cofl^, 
Sugar» Sapan Wood. Saltpetre, Mace, NuUnegs, 
Cloves, Oil of Mace, distilled Oil of Kutmegs, 
Arrack. 

Private-rndt and iMtnlege. — Teas, Nankeen 
Ctotbf ChiQ» Wart^ LBoqu8ic4 Wan^ Boy, Hurse 



Skins, Castor Oil, Indigo, Raw Silk, N«tm^, 
Mace, Piece Goods, Wrought Silks, i«dlea 
Dresses, Handkerchiefs, Rattans, Ground Rat* 
tans, Malacca Canes, Whangbees, Red Wood, 
Amboyna Wood, Kyapooty Oil, Sassafras Oil, 
Fans, Birds of Plaradise, Tortofseshell, Xyabooko^ 
Ebony, Sagp, BancnTIn, Cassia, tfadeiraWlse, 
Sherry Wine. 



SB: Mmoir tflhehte Mtljor^General Sir George Holmes. IFb9. 

" As an officer of great ex*eri- jfm the service from which you 



ence atiid reputation, Colonel 
Holmes ranks hi^ in the esUma- 
ti<ln of every military man ; and 
the public service must continue 
io receive from his irell-knowh 
zeal, tlie same cordial co-opera- 
tion and support, which is $o ne- 
cessary to it s success^' 

From Mr, Secretary Warden^ to 
Major JValkery dated Bombay^ 
ISth March, 1807. 
*< I am directed by the Honour- 
able the Governor in Council, to ac- 



have reported your return, and 
you will be advised of the senti- 
ments of government- thereon, as 
soon as received. 

*^ I have the honour, &c. 
(Signed) '* Robert Gordon, 
Adjutant-GeneraL'*' 

From Mr^ Secretary Warden to 

Major-General Richard Jones, 

Commandite Officer of the Forces 

at Bombayy dated 25th Sept^ 

. 1809. 

'^Sir,— In sMfaiowledging the re- 
knowledge the receipt of your let- ceipt of your letter of Sie 14th of 
ter of the 1st instant ? and to inti- this month, I have the honoar to 
mate, that the eminent services intimate to you, that the Hon, 
rendered by Colonel Holmes in ^^ Governor in Council has been 
th^ successful resistance which pleased to grant field allowances 
that officer opposed to the inroads to Lieut.-CoL Hohnes and the de- 
of Canpojee Mter his esc^ from tachment under his command,, 
confinement in 1 802-3, and to the whilst emf^yed on the present 
party that adhered to him, give to service ; and to signify to you, 
that, officer peculiar and appropri- that the Hon. the Governor in 
ate claims to the command of the Council concurs with you in opU 
s^sidiary force at Baroda, du- nion, and commends the ready, 
ring the intended absence o£ Colo- zaal and promptitude with wbick 
nel Woodingtpn, and it is accord- Lieut-Col. Holmes proceeded with 
itely the intention of the Honour- the detachment on this service, at 
me the Ctovemor in Council to a season of tlie year the most in- 
nominate him thereto." ckmeift, with such eouipments aa 
The two following letters reftr to were, available, and wnich the aid 
operations of a detachment from of the native government and their 
the subsidiary force with which own exertions could frumish them 
Colonel Holmes moved from Ba- with. 



roda (the Gaikawar ci^tal of Gu- 
aerat,) in the rainy season of 1809, 
to repel an invasion of the frontier 
of the Gaikawar territory. 



" I have the honour, &e* 
(Signed) «• F. Wardek,. 
Chief Secretary.'* 

We have no particulars of Col. 



From the Adjutant-General of the Hohnes's services for sevend years 
Bombay Army, to Lieuf.^Colond afier this period. He continued 



Holmesy commanding in the 
Northern Division of Guzeratf 
dated Bombay^ i9th Sept, 1809. 
« Sir, — Your letters of the Sd and 
6th instant have been laid befi>T« 
the commanding Officer of the 
Fbrces, who directs me to inform 
you that he has laid the subject 
of the first before the Honourable 
the Governor in Council, who, he 
doubts not will, with him, be equal- 
ly sensible of the jealous and ac- 
tive exertions of yourself and the 
detachment under your command 



in the .command of the force in 
Guzerat, which was reviewed, in 
1813, by General Abercr^mbie, 
and we find the following testi- 
monv to its state of efficiency aad 
discipline. 

Extract of a Letter from His Ex^ 

. cellency the Commander in Chiff 

. to the Hon, the Governor in Counr^ 

cil, dated ISth F^ruary^ ISI% 

" Par. 1 S.<r-It is gratifying to me 
to be enabled to avail myself of 
this opportunity to report td you, 
Hon. Sir, the excellent discipline^ 



18170 Shmmr ofAe laie Major^General Sir George Holmes. 99 

general good order and vyntem for two or three years preceding 

nrhich I found established amongst this period* 

the troops compobing the Barc^ Xhe great satisfaction the ser-r 

SttbsidUary Force ; - Uie merit of vices and. conduct of Major-Geo. 

ivhicb I attribute solely to the Holmes continued to the last to af- 

attention, zeal, and professional ford the governments under which 

abilities of Lieut.-Col. Holmes**' he senref^ will be evinced by tfaie 

■ ■■ two following public documents. . 

' ^'Disturbances in Guzerat and its .,. ^ ^ r v. «^ ^«« ^ 

neighbourhood kept Col. Hohnes's ^^^^ ^f^ Letter from Mr. Chief 

force in the field in 1813 and ^^ary Wt^to tf^ PdMsal 

1814 ; but we have no particulars ^estdenfat Baroda, dated Bom^ 

of any opportunities that may have ^9 ^*^*^' 23rf March, 1815. 

^ered for distinguishing himself. « On the occasion of Majot-aen. 

!l^ere were, webeTieve,soiM sharp Holmes' retiring from the *om- 

afiairs before the fort of Pulhun- ^and of the Subsidiary Force at 

^^^T' , . . ^ Baroda, the Hon. Governor in 

After the terminatoon of one Council feels it due ,to the merite 

of the operations of this period, of that gallant* to express his en- 

^e follpmng extract of a letter ^^ satisfaction with liis conduct 

from Mr. Secreteiy Warden, dated generally as an officer on this es- 

fith January, 1814, to the political tablishment, and particularly du- 

resident at Baroda, was commu^ ring the period of his having ex- 

Bleated to Col. HoW. ercised the functions of that im- 

" The rMTulantv and good ord«r portanl situation j and these sen- 

with which the force under CoL ^ImentB the Governor in Council 

Holmes has conducted lUelf, has ^m i^ave great satisfaction in com- 

not escaped the attention of go- municating to the Honourable 

Temment, and you will take an Court.''f 
ppportumty of conveying to that 

officer the sense which the Hon. Traudation of a Letter from Hie, 

the Governor in Council entertains Highness Futteh Sing Rom Gai^ 

ef the conduct of the officto and kawarXyto Major^GemeralGeorge 

inen onder his command, during Holmes^ dated Baroda^ fi(M 

die oounse ^ the service, which Aprils 1815. 

has fortunately been brought to a « ^^ ^^^j^ i^^g been communi- 

termmation witfiout the necessity ^^^^^ ^^ ^^ I, Captain Camac, 

of havmg recourse to hostihties. ^1^^^^ j^ consequence of your ad- 

p-j* w. laTTlf woo A^«uJf vwicement to a superior rank, the 

Ebx\j m 1815, it was deemed commind of the Honourable Com- 

expedient to assemble a cwisider- . ^^^^ subsidized by the 

able annjr on the eastern frontier &aiWar Government, will de- 

of the Gaikawar territories, and ^^j^^ ^^ ^^^r officer. In ex- 

^e command was conferred on p^egging my congratulations on 

Col. Holmes; but m consequence ^^^^ promotion, you must aUow 

of iMobtmnmg the brevet rank of i^e to regret the unavoidable c6n- 

Majpr General, the retention of that sequences of your relinquishing th^ 

command was, it seems, mcompa- ^^'^^a which you have held 

^blewitfimilitaryetiqueJte;andTitt dating many years: 

health havmg ipaterially suffered « j^ j^ ^^f -^^n act of justice, on 

by such an uninterrupted series of ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ departure, that I 

service, and the severity of much ^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ you those senti- 

of it, he retired from the field. ^enU which your conduct, during 
Guzerat had been particularly fa- 



^^i"*.wi 



taL and destructive te the health • a wor4 it h«ie wn^d. 

17^ V xu t? ;. -.-.-I -.*• t Ofl>irectflwoltli«B«ttIiidl»Comp«ny. 

of both Europeans and. natives, t sonreiga qi owern. 



10D Memdir of the late M^r^eneral Sir George Helmes. [Tsb. 

ft period of nearly thirteen years in of restoration; without a voyagfe.to 

the support chiefly of the interests Europe, and he reluctantly resort 

of my gorernftient, have been sa ed to this meamxre, at a moment 

well calculated to excite. when farther professional honours 

"Theimportantservicesperform- seemed to await him, in a rank 

ed by you at the siege of Baroda, ^^t promised also a chance of 

when in the hands of an Arab making some provision for his fa* 

faction, and in, the discomfiture of mily. 

Canoojee Raw Gaikawar, during About this time the extension of 

his open rebellion against this state, the honors of the Order of the 

ure fresh in my recollection. Bath, excited the hope of every 

•* The zeal, perseverance, and a- distmguished officer. One com- 
bility, with which the troops under mander's cross was destined for tb6 
your command destroyed the for- Bombay army ; and could the wish 
midable resources of that misguided of every officer of that army have 
man, and the personal gallantry been ascertained, we may, we be- 
displayed by you at the moment Heve, verysafely say, that few, per- 
which ensured victory, must always haps not one, would have desired 
render your name highly distin* the brilliant dii&tinction to havfe 
guished in the estimation of my- been otherwise bestowed than up- 
self, and the government subject on Major-General Holmes — It is 
to my autiiority. Sdmost needless to add, that the 

<fWhiIeIreturnyoumyunquaU- ^«£,^"'^ 7r^^?P''?Pu"'^*^^\o,^ 

fied acknowledgements for your Toward the enrf of theyearlSlS, 

aervices on the occasion above f'^ ^^P\^^ 5«'^^«> confirmed in 

stated, and in numerous other in- ^\^ °P'"^^,^ ^^ ^'^ "»^^^^ ^.^^"'^^l 

stances which'the limits of a letter ^!^^^^ ""^^^ effect a restoration of 

wiU not allow me to specify, it is ^»8>f 1*,' apphed for a furlough, 

with feelings also of considerable J^*^*' was granted in General Or- 

satisfaction that I am enabled to J^'^ f ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^'^"<*^s ^ ^^- 

lidd^ that the attentions and conci- * 

Hatory demeanor which every ser- « q. O. Bu the Right Hon. the 

inmt oCmy^overamentbaaexpen- Goeertwr in CounciL^Bombetu 

enced from you m the progress of Casile, I9th January, 1816. 
jour long employment m Guzecat, 

will always ensure from ^me and ." Brevet Major-General and 

them a lively interest in your future Lieutenant-Colonel Sir George 

welfare and happiness. Holmes, K.C.B. is allowed a fur- 

" Accept my own best wishes, ^^^ ^^ England on his private 
that in your native country every concerns. The Right Hon. the 
honour duQ to your well-earned Governor in Council will perform 
reputation may attend you ; and f Ratifying act of public duty in 
permit me to hope, that you will onngmg to the notice of the Hon. 
occasionally favour me with a let- ^^^^ ^^ Directors the many in- 
ter, which may communicate glad stances of meritorious conduct 
tidings of yourself, and of those in ^^}^ Major-General Holmes has 
whom you may be interested." evinced during a period of thirty 

SIX years service in India ; the 

A cessation of field labours gave value and importance of which 

. at first some hope that this gallant cannot be more forcibly exempli- . 

officer might recover sufficiently to fied» than by the distinguished 

enable him to accept a nomination honour recently conferred upon 

on the GeneralStaffof the Indian l^ini by His Royal Highness^ 

army ; but his constitution was too Prince Regent.** 

mucn broken to allow |0f any hope H9ying thiu conneoted tiieseyecal 



iSlVO -Mmotr oftHlakt'MggBi^Xhfi/^S^^ Holmes. Ml 

documents that b^ve faUeq un(}er , ly regretted thfijt he persevered so 

our obserTation touching tli^ ser- \ovi^. But his services were want- 

Tic«B of Mfljor«GeaeraI Sir (George ed» and be did not alloinr himself a 

' HobiKesy )>j fi rapid notice of such choice. With the hope of repair-* 

points of thefn as have come within ing his severely shattered constitu* 

our notice and recollection, we tion,he quitted India early in 181 6«! 

proceed to states in coi^olusiony a He would have had the firstj vacant, 

tew parliQul^s of his professional regimen^, .which; with the pa^ of 

and private cbaracterv . . - his rank, would have sufficed u)r ^. 

When our illustrious Comipander handsome maintenance to a man of 

in Chief' published to the British his moderate habits and yiew^ ; a^d 

armya-just eulogy on the character, he was not without hopes and ex- 

and services of the late General pectations of recoveri^ig sufficients 

Sir John Moore, ^is Royal High- Iv to enable hirrfto return to his 

ness .laid particular stress on nis duty on the Staff 'of the Indian 

being a V regimental Officer ;" that army, in thelfarther prosecution of 

is, one who was constantly with his his military career, and in the hope 

i^egiment, especially in the earlier of' m&king a suitable provision for. 

aUlges bf bis military ^reer. This, his j^miily. .^But'it was otherwise' 

n^besaidgf SirjUrfoi^eHolmeSy ordained.^ Histoid 'friends whOi 

to as fuD. an, ^xtent^ perhaps, as of G^whtmonhis an-ival iii.Engkndy 

any offifcer in the, army, tn thirty-! scarcely recogkii;sed.tbe person of 

sixyears*! service. la India, he was! theirfonbet Herculean assocnate ; 

never, in aU^ absent from his corps and be survived iMit a few months.: 

more thap. 'sL^ inoifths on account, Hie diediat'Cbeltenham on the 29th) 

i^t bia i^vate .concerns ; and> such' of Oct* 1816f%f3ing 52 years of age^ . 

vof tbe.vigpiu: of bis frame, ^at'i;^^ respected atid lamented by dl whot 

all'^this lepgth' o£, servituae io, i3U9h' knewfainhf^teaving ,indeed, libtte*, 

a climate* igad at certain ' times, ^' my but the eijiemies of has country: 

|iaiticvlwy inMcdabar and tiuzer- .I<t -would-be gratifyin^jto< usto) 

at, in the. most inclement seasons of be able to stake, that his long xtAt 

j^icklj years, bis total absence from zealous servitude had been equally^ 

his Corps, on account of illness, was rewarded in;a pecuniaiT,a8 in;apr(>< • 

odIjt fiv^^ months* As, a subaltern £B8sioniil,vie'm:— 4>tttthiswe;f^ari8' 

\e senredl fifleea year^ ;; as- a Cap^v not the case. We arc^ indeed as- 

tain five ; as a Field .Officer si^-^ sured that bis widow and family, of 

teen* Itmayhenceber/ea^ity con-, fiveyonng children are left very: 

dueled^ that from such a period o^ slefcsd^ly provided for. It is, in^jnr-; 

aervice in India, wlieir.e, hoii^, litiie- ev^, consoling to know, that such. 

•oevcfT may be Itieafd or.' thought in^ cases are viewed with proper Hber* 

England . of. their operations,' t^p ality^ both by our General Govern** 

troops are rarely idle, the subject meitk^Mtod by the SovereSgna^ of 

of our memoir must have been a India. Prompt as many ar^ to>: 

finished soldier : he truly was ; cavil at the acts of either-; a wapt 

and to the last acted with the fire of due feeling and attention to the 

and zeal of a subaltern. His hardy interests and comforts of the berjpft 

and' robust fhune enabled Him to families of our departed soldiie^s, 

b^aEtf up, ofitilthelast yearbr two, who have sacrificed or abridgiBd 

against every disadvlGintage bfcli- tllliir lives in the service of tn^ir 

nace and pnvBtitfn. ^But too'hti^' doontry; httsnorjretfoondapkce, 

van atttnina and zeal could sup- or been applied to them, in the 
port it longer ; and it b to be Hcep*~' language of reproach. 

» «•• 



.( 



To the Editor of the Asiatic Joumgl, 

' r k ... 

Sir,-— Your correspondent, In.. Mandin,'' dinger, whi^h the^Yiat* 



tfiiirer, is n^otsinguhtrin his opinidti, 
ujiat the ^etymology of many Arabic 
iTords wants revision, font with re- 

Sard to Bab' el Mandel, Chora 
fandel, ^nd Oka IVfandel, we 
must stick to the old orthograpliy, 
and write them thus, ' ' , 

$9$ el. Mandiby , The.. dmg9Tpus,\ 
. straits 

Gtibra Mandibi The dan^rpast. . 
4>kir lfandib>, Out of danger. 

' The first of these, Bab el Mm- 
dib, is pure Arabic, though by no 
means in common use ; t£e Arabs 



tives, who navigate these parts, 
consider themselves (o be. as soou 
as they get round Bate, and fkiHj^ 
into the Gulf of Cutch. ^ • ' ' ' 

How we came tp 'siibistitMte 
Mandel for M andib is not so rea« 
dily Answered, for it' is ^in^ular 
that such a transposition shoikld 
have' taken place m all the three 
places. 

With regard to the mixtufe of 
Indian and Arabic wdrds ih Ae 
epithet Chora Mandib, we have it 
at once in Taprobane, the anient 



1 ^11 • 1 J u xi- ^if name for Ceylon, which ought to 

know the idand by the name of ^^ ^j^^^^ ^ Kubanee, Sr Ihe 



Pisrim, and distinguisii the strait 
on each side by the terms great, 
sknadl; ChataBd>, Bara Bab. 

Secondly, Chom* Mandib, frook 
the Hindostani word, €hora, jwuf^ 
ed hjfy and Mandib, danger; to 
illustrate iJiis, it will be necessanr 
to add, diat die Arabs' at weU 



Holy Island, Iftp being the {ndian* 
name for island, and 'HUbanee,' 
the Arabic term for Holy; and 
al'so in Mai, Diva, Mai beingthe 
Arabic term for riches, andUfra 
the Indian term for island. 



.Algiers is pronounced by $. tia- 

, ,. , , ^ _j. tive of Morocco,. Al ghayz. Ae 

as Indians, look upon Ceyion asa jealoua; ''i<rhich hap "a reYeUnci^ 

dangerous place for ships, on ac '^^^^ ^^ ^^ disposition of 



oount of tjiie strong curriants, long 
oalms, and violent storms, some- 
times experienced in die vicinity 
of ^&da bdierwise much esteemed 
island; their having rounded it, 
either on theur voyage to Bengal 



the in- 



habitants than the nature pf the 
country, and might be better 
translated by the epithet High* 
minded. . - . 

There ^istfn island b Ac Red. 
Sea called' Oebal Tor, wWch I 



or other places, the constant i epe- ^^^^ ^^ ^e thfi same nomendature 

won of Chora, Maiidib, fcecame ^ ^^ Gibraltar, signiMng l)igh 

m time affixed as die nanie of tbe j^^ ^he term Tor ^oftfen wtm 

ooast^ verse exemphfyiog^the ji, England, and ha^ sdll die same 



dread ^7^/%"^^ '''' !VP^^ signifeatioi ; « is a Celtic wor4. 
^^ ^?^l^^:.9^^'?J^.^'"^f^ but is no doJbt of Eastern ori 

I am, Sir, 



repeated by all the tribes of Indian 
and Arabiaa'sailors. 

Caba Comaree mar Selan 
Worstad mboalim a hiran. 

JFVom CajHS Comoxlnto Ce^hn ^ 
' Puzzketoth nifi4eri and p^ots^ 

Thirfly, . Akir Maft'diW : pw. 
V^jrile, fro» AUr» <mt ^ i»4 



'origiiit 



Tour's fahhfcBJr, " 
Tor Point. Ikdicatoh 

Dec. 7th. liW«: 

t tJt,B, Yovf /QprrefiK^iidiWi)! QooTr 
imanflM'^l fipd ib^ nfftf Xti mk% 
aU ^ diflbrentkip^a'^/Ciirr^iA: 
tlK) A^«e»ulkbAry> wwiistf e^itifAi . 



►'«'i 



■■pwi»iw nr i^M< 



!»:=?' 



: Of 



r-To the Edk&r W* Ae Ariatic Jpumak i 

Sii^i— The dialogue in your General Cayenne and Mi aialer, 
Journal fof July batwasn Major- on die adbgeet of fovig iMlief 



1817.], Oft Y§tt^ . lj»i^ g^hg ia Iniki. .. > ifs; 

pr«ooediB9'tai ladm witibithe mw setnpsttGesaoH^ efeiir aftev a hml- 

o^ getting msntedt or mther aft scfme fortine ha» beeo'laid out hij 

the term olbtaiim in E^and; of ptust^ mimey an(teduc(Mm. Ai: 

bflimg todlxtded m li/^t does not good schools are itow* establJIiheA' 

aUogether coincide itith m]r opi-* at thc^ several settiemefUfrnfaduH: 

mon ; for 1 can discern IttUe &ۥ* hotr nrach better would it be^- 

fereace between k short voyage to wholly to educate snch children^ 

India to visit reiaitioas, and that there, where they are net so likebff 

of omr- yoong fenales going to toacquirefinglish indep^denceof > 

Btttliy CheUenfaam^ or Brigbton^ tor thinking,, which ubon a retttfii 



be introduced into pabHc. I will frqni tius country too often l^ada 

net say for what purpose, having them * into hMts of extravagdmtg' 

fas too aiueb rega^'d and respect and eaiueqnewet mihmmmes^ £ofc> 

foe my &ir oonotrywonien, thaa thesereasenSyvlVlflr. Bditor^thiemoiie.' 

tv suppdse such visits can be; de-' marriaipelis^eDcoiuraged m Iadia> 

signed for any other pnrbos^itibfan the betteo,i even if it were mily So 

anmsement ^nt the rMtoratsoa of pat a stop to tibe fiitther inc^eise. 

health. ' > ofsochimbrtaaate ofiprkigL If 

iaregord toyoung ladies ^enigr- an officer marrieaai£itrdpeasiefKP»' 

tpindia, i atn of opinmr 1^^ atore: lyi ta life, I hesitsfte not to dS^WL 

emimlk fisr "Oiat country thv better tbey have the beat failitary si^rvice 

ii'^Will be fet ^esemte^ I meakr ia tfbe« woiridbdbrlfe them, and» 

tbe<m(Mr9 marriage is eaeouragedt' shofiMl4iayaceident befal iim fan; 

amoiig- the oMl And aiilitary serw- thet^^ the ea^ivingndrent with thcr' 

vttBis of (he- Cwnpaay, the Biere cbiidcea sre terycagiblyproi^Qbed/ 

tbeir future bap{>iiiessf is likely for by liie> Orphaa and MiMtarjh 



to be secixred^ imd the more Fand ; or should «>bdfortiiiiieiaM 

readil;^ -'will a sHop be put to tbeserviee, enable a iriarried oS- 

thait itttercdarse with the native cer tor r^sr^ on his pay; h^ ^oAti 

females of India, and the conse- himself the happy parent of chil- 

quent introduction of an oflspring dfen (ifbbys) eligible to be ad* 

to European Society, which in a mitted into a service, in which he 

few years from the- 'rapid increaite has devoted the best part of his 

of such children, will become a se- life, and they return to their na- 

riooi consideration, eVencin a po- tive counti^y \f here th^y are no- 

liUcal point of view. Numbers jpf ticed according to their nserits bjr 

young men in the army in Bengal, the old fitehcb of their parents* 

burthened wjth two or three In short, Mr* ^itor, so fvdly am i- 



o^^acji children ; many have more,' convinced o£ the impolicy of send^ 

adfi the general sentiment bf Im^ ing over childreaby native mothers ' 

Dsaaity and paternal aifecdoil so tpthis coantry, taa^ I think the' 

pMfratent there, towards sudk off^ present disceming and respectable * 

ffpciag, induces diei^beingsentowr Court of Divfetoie could not pos- 

te l£iinMie «l a eouUdefaUe eae^' sibly 'confer a greater beneftapoK' 

pettSO fo# eduf^tibd 9 also*, ID tbe' their servmts, than bydii^oting/ 

i^ltbi hop|itof^beiag<able'to'provide thikt: aa' BK>re suth* lUegitimate' 

fcrttemhi ii!y*lfta^ TMoMhf ;fhfa^ dnldren shaRhektmtoM&touMrg^ 
Mbr^^fiditor^i kno«r Ihitn sad ex4. fKt^tdwtaiimu I iieedihardi|y.igaiii 

{MMtode^ kf^m fiHtadbay' Ass ex- (MoDrekew maayciiril aad vSHt*' 

paeMaioit t»i for twhen such ' ddU timyi mm tdi t^ Bengal .estabtish* 

ws» have been^ edttcatM,i«(anll' ne!ntuK|PiMJpv&ir, have sent. erveiv' 

Ma* #e all do libaraDyV is. ill sortie twoy three and Ibur dkiUr^> 

MA to^ hapoisible ta pif«eife.tiii^ ara^^tastexpease^ and exf^eaded^ 

Myii iti^ 01^. 4i|^M^ siMatiaflr nd bafge sanis< on tfaaii' ' eduaatiiav 

in tmBftf» tie^Mn ^Iki aeAing ^' which ia the eesuls haa prwed st 

IM iW^wti < dmt. 4rf teidSdiiff bar (uifon fbeif assiiisg ircaa ^Ha^ 



1 0« I On the DmoUtidn\^tih^Staek H^ ai (MtuHa. \!]P^Bt' : 

seirvidi) to fMrmin'g anjr eligible' loagh,'iiiast hm-comrineediiiaiiij' 

coiulection' by niarsiagev and all- of their folly, and preTented mimj' 

thfs .evil and diBappointment abatfered soldier fvonuretiringilpon 

nhty be ascribed to an apprehen- - pay, the sole consequence >of the 

sion that marriage is burthensome, ' heavy load attendant upon an earlv: 

aad retards a retirement from ^e but unfortunate connection, • The* 



service; whereas, in fact, any Ze** hope, that these observations* 

nanah is maintained at a greater! the benefit of iny own painful. ex-', 

expence, th^ a union with a ra- perience, may prove useful tomanjr 

tional < well educated European ; of my old friends in . Beng^, and 

besides^saving their friends in Eog- guard them against persevering in 

land man^ mortifications' while in such ruinous prejudice . against 

diarge of such children* many of marriage, is my principal reason for 

whom,' it is well known,. 0we their addressing you. Before I conclude 

existence to 4^'iwroured Khidmut* I beg leave to observe, that if your* 

gar or other mcbiaL So fully satis- valuable Journal ' contained more 

Sed I am of the better poliq)r of India intelligence* such as General 

edcouraging marriage in the milii^ Orders, and Civil and 'Military Ap- 

t8ryline,thatIamAfopinicNiwheEe. pointmenits, the more, numerous 

merit is nearly equal, the govern- would be your subscribers, among!^ 

meiits in India should be instructed the retired . servants . from .lodiab 

to cooler staff appointments upon' who. V like the old coachman* stall' 

marrieict officers* as was usualdulring likea a: smaok. of his whip*" . Had 

my early residence in. India. This are aU eager after Indian inldli*: 

itnuld ata)* in some de^nee, put a^ gence. Wishing you every SuceOM^ 

8tpp:to the .enocmquS' mcreasb of I remain* Sir*' •. «i'. 

USmtimate children!; ahd the. ex«. Your devoted • ^ ■•*' (. < 

pettenee-'whioh officers are now; r • humble serv^MaC, / • 

eiiid>led to- obtain whilst upon fur^ A il£1^lRBD Behoal OvirCbJiiU ^ 

• • • 

To tkk Editor of the Asiatic Journal, - t 

- . ' • • ■ ■ ; ^ ' ■ ' ^ • : .'.-•' 'J 

-SiRy^The formidable' Black sented, on entering, the appearance 

Hole is BOW no more. Early in* of an oven; being lohg, dark*' and! 



the year 1612 I visited it. It was narrow. One window (if I recollect, 

situate in the old fort of Calcutta, right) was the utmost* and Outfl 

and was then on the eve of demo- secured by bars. The eiscape oi> 

lition* Since, that time the fort- even the small number whos^ur-^ 

has come dowoy akid on its site have vived the horrid fate of the rest^ is 

been erected' som^ extensive^ ware- surprising* > and can oiiiy: be aor; 

houses for the Company'. Ire- oounted for by the accident of their'. 

ooUect forming one of a party ih^ being near the windcMw*' .wd the 

Calcutta, for the purpose of. nay-, night air* which in Betigaliis OQVDr. 

ing a last visit to this melancholy, m^y damp, aUaying.the tmer.- 

afjoL, It consisted of three mar-i which consumed .the: rea^U. PfBTfi^ 

ned ladies* two gentlemen, their haps, too,, the pungent .effl^ivh^af: 

husbands,, andmyself. The ledies the dead bodies which co aU.^id^i/ 

"were suocessful, by noise and; surrounded them»may halrftp osws <t | 

laughter* in dissipating gloomy m^: ed on,fAhe atnosphere,' ini;so90i 

collection ; but .1 . had. been better slight degree, the i^ff^^cts <tf viaA*? 

I^lete^ badthey-flufered 'iis.jta. g8l9;ithtts oonvertlng>'wha^>f^j^T 

i;eealiasomeidegre8.tOiOucmiDd%i itiaHie«t.taiiM; hifte ^pprnv^d tha: 

Adw ewfnfts conDectedtjwith: Ao^ nMt dfi9iMUul0£ evi}%)il4<» a 9^ 



tftA at ^Mohi ve niood. /i(I(f rpoH mnkv far tlMie: fribo mt!^wi tMi 

L *1 



)8lt.!] Sfk^fMHn's Tfcmiafhn )i>f OHe ^Set^hn o/tHe Ta Bio* 



1(* 



night. T6 die right rf the Wri- 
teire Building k monument is erect*. 
^y with aniDSQription commemor- 
atkig the harbarity of the Nuwab;. 
It series as the nrst attraction to 
a stranger arriving in Calcutta ; 
and he pauses with no little exul- 
tation, to review in his mind the 
^stoDia&bdg events which, in so 



short a space of time, have suc- 
ceeded this wanton act of powef 
—events which have secured to us 
an empire second in riches to none 
in the world, and which have 
placed at our disposal the lives of 
millioiis of fblloiv-creatures. 
I am, Sir, &c. 

AsiATICUfv 



. I 



A VEnBAL TRANSLATION 

OP THE 

SECTION OF THE TA HIO, 

ATTRIBUTED TO COKf UCItXS. 

Bi/ JV.HtUimann. 

TkiBTahio, great Science of Confiicius, abridged translation torn the preceding 
Is, perhaps, the best Chinese system of work. 



moral and political philosophy, and one 
of their finest specimens of eloquence and 
logic, it originaliy fomed the 4and 
chapter of the dy Ky, Book of Ceremo- 
nieii, hut is omitted in the* modern 
editions, because H isinduded in the 
Sse chUy four books. The received text 
is that eixtradted firom the Ly Ky, by.Tcfaing 
tse, with brief notices by Tcha hy. 

The Tahio, strictiy speaking, Is the 
section, entitled King, Classical Doctrine ; 
the remainder is an explanation by Tseng 
Hd, in ten sections, Indiiiding qaotationa 
from the Chou King, Ancient History ; Cliy 
King, Ancient Poems^ and in three or four 
instances, from writings of inferior au-. 
^hority. It is the subject of numerous 
commentaries, and has been translated, 
into Alantchou Tartaric, since the Ta 
tsing dynasty subjugated China. 

The earliest Eiirdpean translation was 
published at Nan Kin^; and Ooa, by 



' Meister has printed part of Tching t8^'« 
Introduction to the Ta hio, with the prcM 
nundation in the most southern Chinesa 
dialect, under the title, Das- Sinaishje: 
A aC, the Chinese Alphabet. > OideiK 
tatiscb, Indianiseh Kunst und Lnst Gart« 
ner, Dresden 1692, 4to. 

Th« Translation in Noel's Sinensis Im- 
perii Lihri Chttski sex, Prague 1711, ito; 
although not sufllciently exact, and inter- 
mingled with the commentary, is valua- 
ble for the prefiiuses, notes, &c. which are 
omitted in the French edition by the Abb6 
Pluquet, Pari3l7a4. 7tom. 18mo. 

Bayer has given the King Section iir 
nearly illegible characters, with a gooik 
literal and free translation and notes, Sa 
the Musenm Sihicum, torn. li. 237-2S8, 
and extracts', 131-133 $ and in Th^saiici 
Epistolici Lacroziani, 3-58. 

M. Le Clerc has also printed a,tvahsla-x 
tibn of the King Section, but deviating so 



Ijatoroetttaand De Costa, with the Chinese ' mnch from the original, as to entirely dt^. 



text. ' So fiew copiesof this valuable book 
arrived in Europe, that aone of the public 
libraries in London I have visited, fur- 
nish a specimen. This was succeeiled 
hgr lalKiroetia* Herdtrl^h, .Bougemonc 
ana Gdiiplets Coufudug, Sianrum Philo- 
«ilp\m^ Paris 1687, folio; whidfa con^ 
taininga literttl translation, with ciphers 
referring to the Chihese-di&racters, a^d 



scythe identity— Histoire de la Ohine 
sous Yu le Grand et Confucius J. 124-128> 
Qesadvon 1777. 2tom. 4to.' . 

Pere Cibot's translation, insetrted.iti 
the first vohime of M^moires conoemant 
les Chinois, sacrifices correctness ta rha* 
torierbtttthe prefoccf and nodes ai« hi» 
teresting. Three of the' odes from the 
Ohi King occurring in the Ta hio aret^ty' 



ail excellent paraphrase^, is. t^ «no|t use* , diBgantly ver9ifi,ed by Sir W.Jones, In big, 

M pet published. . a' (' Works, vol. i. 368-371, and Asiatio R^ 

LaMoraledeConfnciOfl, by P.MoB*.* seaithes, ii. 199-201v • ' '> t r .; 

ret, piinted at Ansterdam*!^, and re* The version fomfAed \n the Rer^Mr. 

printed at Paris 1783, 12mo. contains an Moxrisson's interesting trantlations from 



105 Binnumn^i Tranil^mqfihe Sh^mqfiJ^3^^JS»k p?fa« 

tiM Po^lsQ* Lit^tm-^ qf the Chii^9«,. .|C^i^ime|(|y ]Mwhp.^j|]|[{^ j^*iUu4^«l»^ 
London 1813, 8ro, is valuable for its^ ^ 1 2 ^..,\,iA ',.■ 4 , 

gepq-at correctness and Uterality. ^^^ ^J. <^e ebpircj first g6veni6d hU 

The translation orMr. Marsb^^ ap- pn^^^de-Wng'/gS^^ 
pendfid to the Clavisi Siuica, Serampore j4 1$ T. : j^ li? T iS . ^ 




will be highly appreciated by Chinese ^ \ JW 27' 28-^9 y ; gf 

*jA' *« ' Fcrs(wv (^esittwg. ittflni(iT»te.hw»iB««^ 

»*«^e°tS' 32 33 34 ^5 36 37 

The edition from which the an9exed fim rectified his heart, desiring to recti- 

translation was made is destitute of acorn- 38 39 40' 41 42 43 

mentary, but contains a specification of iy his heart ; first verified his Incliua- 

the erroneous and antiquated characters . ^^ ^ ^.^^ ^^ 1i . . . -*?. . ^® 

- «, , . , J rp 1 . ,„ ♦„„ ♦!,«„« iipns, desiring to verify his indinBtioBs £ 

by Tching chy and fching tse; those ' 51 . 5*? f 63 54 55 

whose meaning. Is changed by changing I ^^^ perfecled Ms -knWIedge. Perfect 

the pronunciation, those jq t^€j ^(iynsy , ^ j, b7 5S 59 60 

which differ from the originals, and the .knowledge is completely understanding 

lynonyms of those whose signification id , . ^^ ^^ ^^ 

AOt sufficiently definite. ■ ^^^^' * " * 

An edition similar to this was \fte^ ' ' .... -•>■] 

iknttd to Earl Spencer by the latfr iJarl Thbgs M <*oilipletely nrmrmdd, ^M' 

MWaSrtoiey; One \i^ifh Tdih 'hj'S' tt)tff^ ' I : •• ' «• ' i3 

AHMfciry, and a-c6pfeUst>airKiJhra*e,'{^ liwii. k«owl<iigt.< is perfei*ed j kwnvn 

fn t!t^ lltrr^l Sbdetynj WbraVy;' and' i^te jsMrfectea and then iheincIinL' 

ofcd i6i» two dbpfes are'fti the Boifeittir ^^^''' per^ecf^d, and then the inclina- 

tlMry,'e^^. • , • ■ • ' .'I tfdns'^r^ vcrift^'s tfhe ittcfittiitiftts at^ 

., , KINQ SSCTION OF THE TA HIO, _«^ii^* -i^atu « -rt. u^-^ • iL^^it^ 

r«*<?iAf'''«* /^f«» '>*« ««^ Vi'M; 14 . U If) , . . a; : 1/18 ; 

. C^ine^e ^/^a^ti^rSf^ . the heart is rectified, and then tb^perbon 

. n^unp, mi^nceiprinei^i*, o^u^u ^'^,,^ £>L^ rebe^a^; 

^ iUustradng reason, in renovating the ^ J^ ^^ ^^ « i^l^^ri-Mto 

community, in dwellirtg jrt supreme go<W^ ^?7. 38. . ?^ • ^^ ^^® . ' 

«'. • H ' l*' la- • U 16' ' family ^a rdul^e;^ and then the provauc€» 

^1 32 33 34 35 



,|g * ' ., is governed; the provinciB i^ governed; 

termlned ; 'tKJ «6tertii<n«*, and ttAi yon- 39 40 4:1 4S , ^ ■ 

Mifilwtrabqtdlf l>e.tMnqiitt> and then ?">^ heaven's son (the Emperor] w 

ii%, be As l« fr«d* Jd thS yJl ** comriojahy or in<^ alike «-*;««.,«» 

• 15 16 17 ' 18 19 * / • o y 'iv *i 'f» 

^ be confempiatl^fe' ; lie contempTatiVe, »*«»^«*ir the iHWtai.i« tlie MgiMing^ , 

Tgg Qi ' ' 2» ' •** 14 : 15 .1^ 

■251^22^'''?'^*'**^^'^'^'^*''**^ y^r-bis beginning;t6 be dTsofdef erf aHiT 

'-9MttSll%(M«;«li(tfntaiig4NMaft«bd'i hli <*tia gwfcmtd^ » » « nt> sBi Mu . Hmthm^ 

.,..!» '..:», •. , -,3. ..• ...•.•'».' - •' . 5 . ^ 7 8 9 • M Ui: 

Um mmU m tf^. a «Brmia4i|i9« and j^ at(Mi9t)i«i|^Ftaffat to w)i»t.4a imisiiiMF 

eomm»]^ment; to know which, pre- ^ tant, and he that considers, unimportant 

<«db"afta!'^i(^ ^JMW8i tlh(treAnr«l#i^' vrM » Mipwt«tit» i»tt»tHieGMal4bii 

-tf *' • - J ^ll(* .'.|a,.'.w.' 19 20 21- o;^^'*' 

prtndmatestomioQi.x.*': can'a.pQttewi;. .- ..;....; ..«.t. .». 

. "H . • ..l*'^ .... / .. ,.-. ..... ,.*.%. , .. ^^ 



» » 't 



l»iT*3 > I iw ) ^ M 



A Sk;ETCH pP THE ISLAND OP BORNEO. 

KythiilgieJ)r,%fydenn 

OF f ontiana! biit the ctfmate iJr healthy^ tod tlie onlf 

Ik I8I0 the inj^por^i i^t' pontUna on distemper frota Which they siiffer it tfiA* 
Ei^lishahipg amounted to 210^000 dollars . small pox, whifch'toakerf ifieat lufV06kr 
Qf whic^i there were 95 chests of opiuip,. among them, as they are UnikcepilifMtd: 
wiich averaged 1000 dollars pejr c^est. with either Inoculation or valedBHklkm. 
The i^uantity of opium and piece goods,- Ponliana does not produce so mticArrioa' 
imported hf the Bugis, ^ was probs^bly^ or fruit as the settlements of the in«er|oFy 
much greater, but as they never submit to '. but this is only throi^h the defect of eftl- 
' beseaitrhied, it cannot be accurately known,, , tiration. There is abundance of sea and 
The Bngis at Bali and some otl^er po^^, river fish, and thef Chinese raise {freUt 
are exempted from duties. ;4nd they.ai:e?j qiUhlfitifes of stock; eidpecially'lfogtjwIiiWi' 
always anxious to avoi^ them, in every are j?oth cheaj? and ^xetellent in quaUtf. 
port. Formerly the ports in the straits of o» rrtE dayac* 

Macasar, especially tho^e on the Borneo '^^^ T^Vfdk are t^ mou mimerap 
aide, as Coti and Paspr, were chiefly siip- ^^^^ ^^ fnbabit&nts on the island .of Bc)ff>* 
pHed with opium, piece goods,, iron ^d ««>> t*»ey occupy nearly the wlioie of the, 
steely fin^n Pontianaaodl^ai^bas ; a »mall, interior^ ted' are probably Ike abosigiital 
quantity beii^ supplied by JFava and Riaw^ of the island* They are divided lata .a: 
and the returns, which were yery rich, «''*** vaflriety ^ eribet, whkii'ara inde* 
cansisting.chiefly of §jpld4 w*jc,^nd bird's V^^^ of eaeh other, and vary in di^. 
nefiu, fownd.' tiieir wpy, jnljo Pontiaqa, '«*> *^.* ^*^ * general Mfenibl|ttm.iii 
These ports, howeirer> ^jave^rpome time ^«n?*i«8®» custom and oMnniert. intbedX»*' 
been aup^e4 from P^l^ P^ai^l, * . - t^cts south and' wmi tlwy are genenUf) 

The China junks c^^ to Pontiana^ in dciiominaled IMyak^ in ifl»nowhi ld9mk 
FcbrWy, with (PUina articles, an^ .Uu a^intlW^wtyTtoanorTWoAf.SWhipi^ 
about the ^pf 4]Ane, t^kinjj In retnri^ however, on mote nfimtte iftveiligalte^: 
gold, hWs^ nes^suaeftrfllug, fine.<jamphor^! soltffr 'chattwteristle dMnctkmaMgr be 
wax, raltan^jbi^ j[- wood for making fur- eStaWlih^d beHreenihescmWs j a«;pre8Cii&' 
idtnr^j v^'WQ^d fpr ifyein^, ^d i^ine* ^^ are i^w»ran<W <o eonslder thefafas tlito 
times opf u^i, ijn and other, articles. A^ ■*■« 6dgii>al atbcfcj laie mannen am^ 
tiey Ji^muft take tbk\r (ull V/eti^rn i^ rp'ugU \ ^y* *** charapterized by som«> atnmge 
profj^oe^ they are oblige^ t-o t^k^ a larg!?^ peiuHktItiea and ndcoasnion . f^atuna 'o^ 
amount in gold, ilioug^ tl^ey always pre-' baVbaHiltn, but the spirit of these 'trait» 
fer prodooe, as there i» a. Iqsa upon ^614! hals ^eVer beeta eln^idatM^'ttoftlha ayfafMH 
in China. ' of religious or supenitllibitt aptdldn wltia 

Tb^ Suitan of Pc^ntjaua bas a regular which they ars''-ednii>eeted, examined^- 
djscjlplined fprjpe, b^t ^U the. ji^hahitants , Btt*dpean*bave *ad i^eiy liUle'-oppotfUM 
cie, obliged ta act a9 soldiers when n^ce^ , nify bf atteiiding to the mana^^op hMa$ 
•Itf reqoirea. The Malays andBugis are ' ^ttife bayak ; andtfte Aldlay/ Bugts,* is* 
arrays ready ^d wiUi^io t^rn out for Arab traders, the ohiy persons -whef fva 
battle, and tl^ Cl^inese are ol^liged to in the habH of frequenting 'Aetntdrker«i 
a«lis);Ul|«wi;je„W,ifase of apy emergency,' Bttrnea, catt give Iktie aeceant «f *• 
tbot^ the Mal?i« place Utt^e or no con- country, bej-ond meationlbg the'^ilfetaaee 
ftdcace in them« When an alafm has cif one pl«ce fWmi anotker>ltt daya'^lMH** 
beengiven*. t,he whole, .forcje of ibe plapel ni«9, «»d the dtffsrent atrtfdea el trada 
1ms T^^tedly, as Mr. Buru as^ef ts, turur ^lifc^i are <e be proeutod at the dHSntia 
^eyotin half an b^wr prlVf, .and t^ placcil. In the. following sicetch' the «b- 
iic^vity4isp2^e4 on such occasions form)| thority' followed with respect to tut 
aatrJkJUig^c<»atnwt to t)i^ usual, liatlessne^?; atm^ern tribes is that 6f HiHetxaiaiet, 
itfl^efAM^^pQiwxi* Tbey manuffK:tw:€v whose bhservatlonsM^efiy ap()hr to tile 
tb^ omp, pQMr%aiQ4 «Ijot ajtPontiaua. \ trilie of Banjai^ nainfed Bi^. •'mtfr WN 
TbejMilof PonUanaislowWiuarsfhyx gar^tofhe ee^ aiiid nertii, tliediiefau- 



108 A SketA qfikeltUmd^ Borneo. 

tbocitia are Dalrymple and Forrest, and Borneo and alao In Java. In the con- 
with n«ard te Ae>»«e«.tfce ,a!itliorJ» of atniction ot^heir ^oa^ an^^wine of t^ir 
Mr. Bum, who had not only the oppor-.. utensils, thp.Dayidt display consideraWe 
tonity of comiolting many traders of Pon- Ingenuity. Jew of the© are acquainted 
tiana, who were In the habit of .viaWng. w«»h the M«of are-argis, ejfcept in.the 
the intMior.but had hiawelf aeen several vicinity of Banjar, and the Malays are 
hmdiedeof the tribe* of Mampikwa and. anxious fo keee them in this ^nor^ce. 
aasM, several of whom coidd convei-se in In manners they are dcsaibed Ma 
the-Mahiy Unguage. ""''"l »"* ^'^P'* P«°P'*> and thougli tliefr 

In •apearsnoe the Dayak are fairer and superstitious opinions orcasion great eno^ ' 
bandaMBW than the Malays, they a.-e mities among them, yet it b almittet 
of a more slender make, with higher by the Moselms, that wlien any of fliem , 
fenkeads and itoses; their hair is long. . bappen to be converted to thai relTgion^ , 
straight, and coarae, generally cut short . they become exemplary for the ^propn^j; ^ 
nwad their heads; The females are fair of their conduct. ,.:.vfe. 

aii4 handsome. . Many of the Dayak have ^^ government they are regulalel fa 
roagfa scaly scurf on their skin, fike the th^f »'»n ^%e'' '"^e t\>.ejakong, by the 
.•o*<«r of the Malay peninsula. This they advice of the elders. In some Tptaces, . 
ooMider as an ornament, andaresaidto however, they have their pwnchiefi,vvhb ; 
acvtlnit byrubWng the juice of some P<«ff a degree of authonty analogous 
pUl«*n.thtif skin. Thefe«ae»tavesof to that of the Malay Rajahs. 
dd»i«>e wUA are found am<in»the Ma- I" «gard to letters, .t does not ippeir 
l«yrl-WBoat*e.ranceofit, TheDaynk that they ever had any knowledge ofthwn. 
wete:»> ctolhes .but a inall wrapper, a"*'" eonsequaie? of this, »* iS'^pos- 
>««« the loins, «.d many of them «Utoo «We to trace thdrongm. The^ *«J 
...MMy «f .fignre. on their bodies. Their traditions on tW4 head are ^eP«»*«^, 
]K>Z>Le teMdof wood* ^dark, a»4,. excessively vnld and. ncoherent,lUthdtfe 
deMMofwi»toM,bMoften.of«iiohsbn, not appear that t.eyh?ve ertr heeh «il. 
tMr>e»ewlft«iliei lit* together in the l««ted. The Sulus have, a notion tlJ^i 
»mym^, .Wetlme. Hmo^tQ the ^e tdaau of the.north ^e descended froto 

MMtt 4f « hund>«a.pe»on8.- . , *« ^'^Z- "" -ITM^ li. It" 

,rM.Bfr»hell.ydcWwd«»«ld«to,, >»erely to have originated &«» ^M? - 

toitf^the Midafs, h .fa>e. not anpear, »«» «'. then^ eomptoon. J^^\ 

Hitt'tke eharge is «eU..«attMished. ^ mentioned one of the leg?nd4 con- 

Wlierever they L -settled they cuUivate ^'^ ^-f *'? °? T^?' k 5S't 

it vm, va^m of riee ; th^ in many; ^^ ^t '• ^^ 559). which runs thu, 

Jl^!l»,.1 w .„J«--j, J "The Emperor of China sent a_ great ♦ 



ttaiM amilv' themselves assidncmelr to z-miiciur «« vuiua ocu^ a gico. 

^ giwidnst, though in this occupa- ?««* .'?J 'h? "one of a sna^e.^^^ia. haiJ^ 

«MW.th^«re gr^tly inferior to thTmi- Us «s^dence at Kee»^ Balioo 5 the num-,, 

MMt «d a« g«Jldly found very ^^ ^ of people ianded was so preat as. to 

4- ^.M.. ««.J^is««.^.wi ••;«^- i« -«.«»- form a continued chain from the sea, ana' 
m.worKlnff the Qiamosa mmea. inaome ,- - . ■ J.r 

Idaoe. too. they carry on a considerable ^^ the snake's stone was stolen it w^ 

{ndTin rattans and damar, which they J-anded from one to another til it reach- 

«)Uect««mth«<bi««t. In their diet tb. ed the boat, which immediately^ put or 

Itayak at« snbi«t • to fm restrictions, »*«' '•>« «l»o«' ^^. «^"«<^ ?^!. ,?"'*,.^„. 

tating hogs, and also many kinds of ver- *? !»»»«'. "l"'* immediately sailing, left^ 

«ite,as rat* and snakes. The awn* of all those who were ashore behind, thouA^ 

tlifr Dwak are *e swnpit or blow-pipe, ^^'^ <>»Ratch w^ not enough to jn^ajf 

«Udi- IMS Mnetally a smaU spear-bead »¥ snake's pursuit, who came .up wm 

tUd«ttheto|r.andaU»geheavyiiMknife *e |unks and t^^ned his «?;««»"• 

«r panng, ^Ich they sling in a woodm This "not a tra<^tion.wh.cli. can thro^^ 

•slS THey are wy desteron. I«. any light on the origin of the Dayak. tf 

tnrowhig smaU poiaoaed anows *ith the resemble* a Malay febte about the sm4* . 

MmiBit, and are aoquaint^ with the mo« "^ Nagas, »!hich figure nearty as ^ 

deadly poisons, especially one which >• in the romances of the Malays asjmb^ 

pndooedfiom«MJ.ieeafatree«feun<U^ those of the Hindus, among ^homlW 

-■' ". ■' ■. ' .... ' -:.^ '-^ — — obviously signifles a nwontamaer w w«l 

«IBb<fo«l»d<» AttoaeJimM, vW.ti. p. W. ' *»ASOKSIt. ... 



Mnr] A Sketdi qf the IJaAd df Borneo: 109^ 

. In leUgkMi tbe D^rak aekaowlcdge tbe ui^ ac^dalauacofi iriio frtqvdiidy ac- 

WfnUMCf of the tnaloer of the ^orld^ eouimiy bin, .or aend tlirir ilar«t along 

wllom tbey tenn JDevata or Dewatta, and witb bim. Jflm head^honter then pro* 

to wbom tbey address prayers as it's pre- ceeds with bis party in ibe most caationa 

MTfcr. Hiey bold particnlar Icinds of muiner to the Ticinity of tlie Tillages of 

bMs in high Feneration, and draw omens another tribe> and lies la arobosb tiU 

jGram the sounds which tbey utter and tbey surprize some heedless nnsaspecting 

fmm their flights. 'One of the principal wretch, who is instantly decapitated, 

•oflbeseis alai|Kespeeiesofwbite-heade4 »^oinetimes too tbey smrprize a soUtacy 

kite, wlikb preys on fish, snakes, and fishennan in a rirer or on the sboxe> 

vermin. By some they are said to bold who instantly undergoes the same £ste» 

the san and moon in particnlar venera- When the honter returns the whole tiV- 

iios, mtd to worship them ; but when lage is filled with joy, and old and young, 

Mr. Bom interrogated them on this point, men and women, barry out to meet bim, 

tbey steadily denied it. In all their wars, and conduct hJm with the sonnd of bra* 

jonmlei, and in short all matters of im- zen cymbals, daucing in long lines to t^ 

portanoe, they pay the utmost attention liouse of the female be admires, whose 

tdtbedmensof birds, and sometimes too family likewise comes out to meet bim 

they eodearonr to penetrate tbe secrets with dances, and provide him a seat, and 

of firtority by consulting the entrails of give him meat and drink. He still boldf 

-birds.. Tbdr ceremonies of a religious the bloody head in his band, and puts 

kind are few, but many of them are part of the food into its mouth, after 

dreadlnlly barbarous, wbicb the females of the family come. 

At the birth of a child, during the par- and receive the head from bim, which 

toHtkm they soaunon a ooi^oror, who is tbey hang up to the ceiling over the door, 

termed BalSan, instead of a midwife, and Tlte betrothing of the bride then takii 

who, instead of lending any assistance to place, when the husband must present her 

Che woman, beats a gindang, and sinp to with one or more slaves, a couple of olotbs^ 

it till the child is bom. and an earthen nm or pitcher. adoi»ei|i 

With regard to their funereal cere- with figures; On the day of the marriagt 

^pkQniee, the corpse is placed in a coffin, .ceremony, the bride and the brid^^rooaa 

a!n4 remains in the house till the son, the are both dressed very fine in their manaery 

&tber, or the nearest of blood, can pro- and a feast is held in each of their bomas, 

care or purchase a slave, who is beheaded The bridegroom comes in state to the 

at the time tbatthecorpseisbumt^in order bouse of the bri.de, where one of the 

that he may become the slave of the de- friends receives him at the door, and 

ctaaed hi the next world. The ashes of striaaks bim with the blood of a coch; 

the deceased are then placed in an earthen and a|so streaks the bride with the blood 

ttB, on which various ^r^ are exhibit- of a hen. When the blood spreads too 

edf and the head of the slave is dried and wide, it is' reckoned a bad omen. The 

prepazed in a peculiar manner with cam- parties then Join their bloody bands, and 

pbor and drugs, and deposited near it. the eeremoiiy concludes with another 

U is said that this practice often induces feast. 

'them to purchase a slate guilty of some If a man*s wife die, he is not pei miHed 

caq^tal ci^me, at fivefold !tf s vahoie, in order to make proposals of marriage to atiotben^ 

f!has Chey may be able to put him to death till he hks provided another head of a dif«« 

•n audi occa^ioiis. ferent tribe, as if to irevetige the death of 

With respect i6 marriage, the moM his deceased wifb. Tlir heads procured 

hratal part of their customs is, that in this mahncT they preSeiVe with great 

nobody can be permitted to n^rry till he care, ahd sometimes eonsnlt in divinatiov. 

a^tt fnaeat a human hoid of some other The religions optniona coiiliected with this 

tribe to bis proposed bride, in which case practice are by no means correctly undeiw 

dleJsnotj^eruifttedtorrfbselllnft. ftisaot, utood. Some assert that they believe that 

however, aeeedaary that thUsbould'heoh^ every persoil wbom a man kills in this 

tibedentMybyhieowu perscAiat prowess. iv<Mr1d, becomes bis slave In the next. . The 

iMtn n^personli deterhilne^to ^ a heatf- Waan, it !s said, think, that the entrance 

haiM^ as ft la tfflly often avevy danger, ktd (widlse is over along tree which 

m aotlae, he conaate wit^ Ida fHe^a lenres for a bridge, over whieh'it is ianr 

AmOc Joum.^^^ 14. Vof..III. Q 



11<^ Opiniati^qfBhMhm^fwtfepHMgill^Sarth. [Rttu 

potoiMb'to pMs WIthoiii tiM aMtetMiofof Whan a vmuvM vnmfui' cooMqili .adol* 

ft 'ftiMre^Maltt in iM§ world. 'flom^«f the tery» the hutbavA -wlpw off bin dimiUMt 

Idaandf fbe north redtoh poradiw to be by mnrdei^iig one, two, or thretf ol his 

flHtoMattbetopOf Kinfbi^, aadgiuwA^ slaves* and sometimes cliaatises tbeus^ 

ed by a Hetf dog, that seites on all vU?* fafthful wilis- with blows. When a maa, 

gins as they attempt to pastf. of his own aooord, wishes to separate 

The Idaans are religions obeerwM of from his wife^ he resigns her dothea^aiid 

oaths. They have a religions fom lilre* onuments, and pays her besides a-finllsit 

wise, by which they adopt strangers into of 9^, 25, or dO Spanisb dollars^ aftsr 

their tribes. They pronomice a certain which he may-marry another. TheDayak 

form of words, aad then cnt a rattan; the have some yestiges of ordesil amongst 

person to be adopted does the same, after them* When diaiges of theft oocnr, they 

wUdi he and all his relations are con- take a pot and put into it some ashes of a 

sidered as adopted. They generally mas- particnfar kind, and taking two eopper 

sacre all prisoners of war, the chief stfik- |>iee, oi|e in the nanm of the aocas^and 

ing the first stroke. When they take a the other (^ the aooBsed, and plaoiog them 

iMMtile diief prisoner, they preserve his -on a stick adiwart the pot, after certain 

Whole body with camphor, with his arms incantations, they reverse them Into the 

extended, and place cowries-in the sockets pot and decide the process in fiivrour of 

of his eyes. the party whose pice is most whitened. 

The practice of stealing heads canses Before the Dayak engage in anyjowco 

fiieqneat wars among the diffierent tribes aey, war» head-hunting, or indeed any 

of the Idaan. Many persons never can matter of importance, they endeavoar to 

obtain a head, in which case they are procure omens fiom the. kites, and Invite 

generally despised by the warriors aad them by screaming songs, and scattering 

the Women. To such a height it is car- riee before them. Ifthese birds take their 

fled', however, that a person who had oh- flight in the direction they wish to Qa» it 



eleven heads, has been seen by Mr. isfigardedas a fovoorahle omen, if th^ 

Bom, and he- pointed out hili son^ a take another direction they redton it is 

laalig laid, who had proenred three* tufovoorable, and delay the bosiaesa till 

" Tha Dayak do aot practise polygamy, the omens appear more Cavourabla^ 



OPINIONS OF BHABKABA^ 

JUUPECTIMO 

r _ 

.THE GLOBE AND THE ATTRACTION OF THE EABl^. 

* » * 

BhaskaraAcharya* the most celebrated applied to Astronomy. The follbwliv 

p^toaqmpr of the Hindus, was bom in a extract from Dr. Taylor's translation^f 

dtyof the Dekan, in the year of Saliva- the LUavati, published at Bombay,. a»- 

hima, 1036, whk:h corresponds with the .pearsto contain a snmmaryof the 9rii^ 

jear U14» of the chrisUan era. He was ments used in the latter section In proof 

^e author of several treaties of which of the globular form of the earth aiid ^ 

ihe LilavaU and the Bjija Oanita» re- the doctrine of gravity. They will .(e 

iating to arithn^c, geometry, and al- oon^ideied extiemely curipus as e^chibil- 

^ehra, and . the SiromanI, .aa :aaUano- tin^ the tjrain of. reaaoniag by whid) the 

mieal treatise, are aooonnted the most var Hiada was braag^ to the conchis(ons of 

auaUe authorises ia those scienoes wh^h .Sir Isaac Newtoti. Nor would the icf* 

Jndia possesses. The Sirpmani is deliver- researchea of the antiquary W unintncat- 

M'it»two8eetkm4,tiMtQola.Adiiyaya»nr j]« which m^tdec^e^nina whether tj|eM 

HiaLectweoa-theGWbei/aad tliaQaaU^ 'owflipt^wi.origiaaM in the mod of 

MhypfAy or the l^ectara o^^ambei^fii BhafJiara^^Ojr wb^tber.ve mast cm o^ 

' It ' J^ .1 ' ^ ' " ' »V "•ttClrtlqill^tOiAaaapadWai^r*!*^ 

s " « • 



UteiMdfct^ i|Mne hf itti owb po#eb»* and 
lias tio flopporr. ' 

TMs globular flniped'troxMtwriid sttp^ 
]Nir^ Wt itaiidi» firm teqwcelyf its oifta 



tittw «itfwerlliedb)e6tiiMls<t!Hildi 
lisfie iMVft taou^it'fioiit Its %efai|f sAnfl6d 
ia'tlitVvNnaBtlMitttifeirorNI'las a> wip* 

if tblii woriil has .a laaterlal sxtppon, 
ttsed -that sdppott mtut' taafe sdlmaMig 
dJtetoSttplxiiti^ and^his^Mb(»it«bpport 
itfiftt lAsd be'Buppwted, and iso on; Imt at 
laft'smuetliiiis must besut>po8ed^ attiad 
Iff its own poi9«r ; and Why slMiuM not 
^ pow^ Iw aseribed to Msi Wnvld, 
WliM is one of the d^t Tlsitile fifrms •f 
OiedeRy. 

' As the liait and lire In their own hatore 
possess heiEit, the mdOn coldness, water 
iliiidtrf, stonesliaiijbess, tadthtoaifrifto* 
tion, ad is the eartik in its own na*itt« im- 
moveahie ; fbt ^ffereiA "MiUB ' possess 
dtiiferenC powers . ' 

TtiteeaMi'htoan^afttiiaei^ power, by 
'vMdIfIt' drawA'1o#Blds 'icMf any hea^ 
Vodr td'thte hfrimd wUkft ikOf hasi^en the 
apiwIrftiiMie of toting; btit whtreVsoidd tliis 
Cartife'fiA Wn&A Is siirNMuidett'tyy vpaee f* • 

This attractive power of -the earth sliews 
why things situated at the lower pftft^ at 
at tlie sides^ do not £a11 from Its surface. 

The Bondhists obserdag^lidlMd&'of 
the wheel of the constellations^ concluded 
that the earth could hare no support ';' but 
haifUigimer obsanred any heavy body sta-^ 
tionary in empty spa/Ci^ th^ suppose that 
thoeaftHlscontiifdanyfalliiig downwards/ 
thpni^t^ is not perceiyed^ as the motion 
fff 2^,^P ^s not perceived by ibe passengers. 
T^syAinagine that tiiere are 'two sunS, two 

-^f*fiit y» -m «ceh' At tlMi' north i^le, wbte^ tbt 



vmm^imo aodlacs, and thai t|iiie^xi|iaal 
idtemato^omers.. That ia» thejr siq^ipose^ 
that tw^auM^ two moons, and &$ (D0ii^ 
staHations Biove ronndvMeru, whi^ i# 
Iwr cosniered, these planats nsiag at al- 
ternate comers. 

To this opinion I oljeat/lfcat if the 
aarthis contiaiia|ly falling downwards^an 
anow# or aay thing thrown Into the ah^^ 
ooald nexar reaeh it again, flbanld It 'b^^ 
said that the deseent of the «arth is8lo«r, 
i re^ly, tfaasthis Is not the case, ftr tiiO' 
eavth being the heaviest body, its desoeiit 
woaU be more rapid thanr tint tvf the 
■arww# 

Neither can^e earth be ISk/e a miitoi'9 
na th^ suppose. Were it so, why is nns 
•<he sun, which is owe hundred thooahnd 
yo^ high,«seen hymen in.tiie sane nias- 
ner as fay the Gods ? * If the intertenahm 
of Metli causes nighty why is not Hera 
ttself seen ? Besides, Mem 4ie» mnA, 
iv4i6reas' the son rises to the aoathwart 
wT^aat; instead of which, if it riaeswlMh 
4t«oinestothesideof Meniy it oaghitsto 
tftoehoniiofeast. 

' "The le?iel appeanuoe ^ivhidi the mttk 
presents to usls owiog to Hs^xttgnituda, 
ior tbe*l0Oth' part of tbo cbtomteanee 
Appears level; fhetefore as-tlio-sli^-vif 
wiaiieallends^i^ taashoftdistaaaa^ the 
«ariXi appears to be a pfadn. 
'■ *ffmia: Lunka, the commenoemen^ of 
latitude, to Ujein, is the 16tb part of the 
eartus DnTUfflverence. 

. People sdways suppose that they are vp- 
pertnost, and the others are below them ; 
that those on the sides stand horizontally^ 
and those helow.with their heads down- 
' waids^ as the Shadow of a man is seen ia 
water. 

The earth's , circun^ference is . 49^ 
yoj^as (4 coss).; its diameter is 1581 
.< ; the convex supe^es 7853034 
ypianas. 



• * M • 
7 • 



! f ' " ",{ 



I ' » 



•1 • • 



TEUL. 



. » 



• t 



?#JMriler, ir]M>'eairied)o»»]Mi«te9aive andhadlnmwphtiv i^M41^:«^i^4ai^ 

tSiaflfl^«B&iiippitedtbe(Maieiii9^oiia iM^ thanit aervant. ,TMy :P«k£n^# 

doiBtsy 14 «ltf at^erMUcfriaf ansihai^ thi^.Wtfndfidiaiira«3r»Mui|baiiimh^ 

iOt iMsm ultfi »twhMihlB mar^ 4jiapoaed>^his.flynffi o 4 it jfla nnUM^«i^ 

I dtaBoaa^'iar: * dlsMtti' lagiaMi fdvaatag^s bat while ps^avia|^4o i|slnx% 

MMm^tm iajn|Bh>jiriiwi ke wns;seia»d iqr a pestfiemi^ dhrtempiB^ 

whan ha had puidiased inhisiafimi^, and died suddenly, in the metropolis of a 

^Q2 



1-V2 An Aocodn^ 6f*\L^Mim 9 ir<» tbmf^^Iniia. {Vii. 

iiAgratefWf ftan^ #itih a- wfifi' to p^fitem 'fenTb^r. ' The t<»^^tdtiiiig4 liJUBi *""* 

1ii» nrastei^s treasure ; a^d iH^lyfA^'^ir'tlie iftoncd before hiar, hB Mftettl fN«i • lo 

^al ignorance f3^ ' strangers, ^nd ifie ^tand behind a eottain, pcei^iind fiiiv.tlie 

Irindness every where sliei^nliftnVf^e ooeaiioDi aM to tn^ffeet <tbtfi<'lnMs 

Jeweller, be declared hhnself the' 9on bf t;im>o^ tviroopjttiWii^t^wMr^aflBNe t^n^ 

tiife deceased, HiMl to^k cbai^ of IdiTi^. ' ifig their setreral argumettt^v he^n<Mim 

^/ttfj. The true heir,, cf eoitrse, 'd(i<kiM riff IheheMdf iiim wh» mtMk ^lt^fmm^ 

}Am i^retHwioos, hnd ioleoMlf avowed k^mti Thitf tMcf rftniiiyr iiinm ii * <»; 

Mmself to bfe the' only" sob of the defbnitt, tlie one froii % Tf^Sm» ovtliii<ii*««il|r« 

wlio had'loni? b<Hbre purdiased Hifl' ^nia- the other from « oonddeuoe in ihtf !igfm» 



'gtaist as ft slave. This contest pvodiiehl sIMIfiy of deteeiiOB. AeMldi«gl^« tutfa 
opinidnt. It happened that I9ie t«Mg bis plaee at ovtecd» ^kmmM» 



•aUte was a yottbfr nnm "ot osmAf pbhMMr, head tbMvgh a hote in the cwtialB.^ <Aft 

tod poliiftied manners ; while the jewel- offleer stood in fvo«t» fHtb a.dii«iRk«ei« 

lar'a' eon wcto iU-Anroared by natore^ -tod ^tar ' in his baod^ and the 'jodva ^pno* 

fltfit mdre i^fntt^ in his edueation by Hie oeedMI to'themao^kiaiio*. AAwa-ahoit 

InUgencb of his poreiits. - Thi^soperl- dabaie, <tie f^A^^ eiM^ovf, ** £iio«f|»» 

-ority opemted, in the minds of Mny, to eMUgh/ strike' off the vitt»iii*^: hcvH" 

^ ■lip p ou tUe claims Of «h« 'fdrmer ; but and theoflleer, who watebed the waaiamh 

vinoft no cel'tirin' etideace cotdd he'pfo* ls»ped between' the twojievtbs «eifl«d- 

ibicod on feitirBf ^de, ft ttecamo u o Mttm y Hteljr, aad wi«ypiniodly> thatthe iwjiiii 

4» 'felbr the dispute tb a coirt«of -kiW. I0r« «tartiod <al the brawlisbed unpni 

'VMBre, Uowif$»fer; d^m^ ft tdtai waM >of hastily dnw bank hif» head, wliile the jsnr^r 

fptw^,' noticing eonld h«j done« The iMh sHer's son, animated by euaseiuas 

glstrate deplored his inabilky to 4Bslda4fa rity, stood unmoved. Tbcjudgat 

dnsapportea iymtiQk», \w «wliicl| -aiMi mdy 4eeided.>ftHr tha bHMar, mid gtdjiBd 

iMftywiareiiaaay positive. 'WMMH&i thairandiileaislara.ta.be takaiisitoaaa- 
' 'S^pd^t of the eas^ to >e naaMte-^a -ihe - tody ta reeoWe tha paaishnMat da%fa|^m 

9i<M6e,-«riid,havingr heard the pariiMian, 4failvtienl ingratilnde ; white tha aoait 

utas dsaadhfiMmdfid, and at an niter hw resoandfsd isith ilMfmaf anhopi iiiirMf 

itowtodeddelherfassiiott. Ai>laiiiriNa ^iifvpilpar^i^ni. .. , ; r 

tappf thOHffbc Qtturred-^ ibadiieiMthe . » 



l'» * .'u , ..I «• » 






AN ACCPUKT "^ ^ 



^ RHINOOBRQ* HUNT IN INDIA, 

^iiiocajio8hwitinghaslbelieve»;iieI- y^rdu V9t Method with glorfoiis jaaiflf 

^ipmbeeii'p^pte^, tboaghl l^re^knowp )»r ^cn^h.wop^ ffr ev^ry kii^ of 9avitit 

^veral^portsinen who h^ve (lad good op- game ; forming a cover of neaify «eh 

porhiniiSes of doin.i^ so ; perhaps tiiere- feet In heigbt. \V*had senea gaps, .cW#- 

ftntty aa aodinnt of aday latdy passecfin ly double bandied ; Avaoi ChalntM 



IMS noble bat danstrons divendon, may ounce rifles. Soon after our party (tar 

»Md some gratification to yotO" slxn-tiiig hiliUttM*) had entered tha Jangle, thn 

readenu On the 25th uk. unr fl^nlunifa pifAng ol Aaplfphnats, and the pHatr of 

(or huntsmen), who^ we had sent for rhinoceros' ihet, shewed oar gaaie |oibe 

ihfiOMfe^itioa, l$tNiKbt^o» iat^nigenee of a aev ; and indopd in l»ss than a few mi- 

hettlaf seven or eight rhinoceros Jmiving nates we started two yboag aaes Aoat 



tllieii^p*4be{p itodam alafgaa^niiipia the siie of a fell grown nM.ghaa>( . 

lE^Hage hehr Havagdr, hi rNe^NejflalHnu eies of elk) and aotaiilfte thai aalmidlA 

f1l^^f^<^reMing llik^^(s|Mt>t#lth'«br .««<«•> fha ifot.lhir kifledi^aofHiil^aBd 

w^utit} d«rlte la ii«ta||^ aMr-aMiBr #anaded<iia sichtii igi aJiiy> ^ w ii H ig <it B ip 

^#WHmr»ppiik»ib^ ^<w»«wtalni><il>ji witbstaodtagweMoffaftaaMattilktot, 



«v / , 



M mm 1 1 1 fl •ttWfcca W f ff twfi miBncliit^ f»m* ibrtMr hon»mnaiwni^ par* 

iMi qriiitiiffiietp ymwth wi tttreefluOf* orptili^vaMl no icite apptared- ki Jth^iv 

^^WimiWiU'iMb' aaA.firighrtiit appear" ImMtror tboalilei«. It was amr paie 

«BCB)^diafpnl oar.:liiie.«^itii.tb«' ntmoit »ooo, and we bad little hopes of fimlii^ 

iMprttinofij ^rrr' •vr elrphanta gave tke«tlifr»— wiMii» on roiuiding a poiat 

oiy» JWiT^ug ithe jchaqp oa tbeir binder of the lake, we ruuied them agite, and 

paifi/ and weaa iaataotly upiut. Thoaa after a chace of more than three honniy 

^tkaa.iUni Urm tiwre act knooicfd ^dowviy kSHed two, a male and feaale-^hef were 

4Bti aa i gw w r tdrimaal pace^by tbe^thodc } votwp bald now aa we had. re aion to ex- 

«pelepkaft».waaoBe that ^iwe way,. aad paeL They trcned to bare loHithair 

Wiif^iAUMi.\9D waateslroBi taaghahie. The iPOKagD with thair k«kr to wbom they 

tflaphaftt olien attempted. to ria^ hot were yery inCerior^la aiie» hoi atiU their 

iwaaiaa 'Often • laid iat hy hit. antaffaafot, dimeosioas aatoniabed as not a little ; the 

and atilondth with siMh ^dhw Hhat f. w«a lairiest of them was abovte. six fioet hii^, 

ruieteml yard8<iaco the'.]ake>' in a and stronger in proportion, tium ao^ ele< 



ofntter 8tapefactioa-i-4uoUl]^faiiing phant I erer sawi the day was too ten 
o»aoinew>illO(ws I waBaairedifron>4rowo« fpeat to admit of our taking a tHetchiof 



hig;. I 'was •not- aony, on roeovary, to (h«n,.al whick we weie roach. feiad^.£v: 

dMtnyoaif'Outof rewh of the bora of hitherto 1 baUere, they have. haep/fiOTv 

n^farioaseaeaiy./aad/of theabotaofa^ nnfiiithftiHy repreienled. No. elephants 

iMends» who, despairing of my eacape, hoi malatof superior €QOri«e aboald be 

4bad' widMWt ^cemMony. • Their haHs amploytd in Ihia daiparaia sporf. Wh 

Mfmk the feMOifer^s body in seveMi htif aaoiher wild animal In this ndglir 



plaeea withoot produoing ^mf afieal— haarhood as little. known m, the rhino^a* 

ehoi^ from four o«aee> rifles— at last a ros, . .The natives o^^sidrr it of jtha ,alk 

loMif one'hitikfe a •lar^B^flake from bis kiod» but ii hai^no characteristic of tins 

iMto,* tad caaasd him totmabe off,' tram* «r any of iba apecias of deer I, l|ave,iwa 

Vguflnnagl^ thai iMekeia' with tf^tOMdriiing or nead o(— the boms of . t^ audf art la- 

tiatngtli iandiawftftneaa: We traeMl hit nwhablgr. thick and sbort^il> eT«ry l»the^ 

Iswsefps toinsome^sHis, whetf hdngean* reepast.thay reirphi e more aa JWi«I»« 

^iieeetttaavtetednrikahtothh^lbfem'We brindled bulL They a«a exceedingly shy 

mnmed lolook after the oifam^' deter- anAiolkary .artrioaiaeanbatpn a bfre 
adned to search for him on a ftitnre day* 



On oar wqr back, we foand the yoag CmnfyN^, Ft^tUkr^ 
aae we iiad wottnded in dM MViMtf l^u> Mt^^ i01&. 

|9gi dead ; both aaat haire been vary 



■i»i 






* NEW AND SINGUliAtt PLANT. 

4 «« . * 



*.♦ • 



^^ '. . - . Name. roothitoseveral(3to7)«mootii8tei||t«3to 

Tte Bcngd name is Baram ChandaU. 4 Isei high, and not thicker than a finger, 

O^mrt. . ' , tending off alternate,* slender, ^^^xP/^ 

r . .!( ^ sfaattar in generic character lothel . branches, oorered with green maootk 

HadSrtarvmofLinnmnSyandmaybe.raak- bark. 

lai nnider %« gemui/-* . \ . JUanei. . * . 

Speeifii^, , The leairet arise from the. steau alid- 

BHmmrwm Afoaant/. or an 4€99hw^ btaw^ies^atDne or two hiches distance, ai- 

mimih^f^/ teniate and lernata* with a hairy. pe^& 

M90€» ^ae 01^ two &K:hea km^, and -two dvtoc 

'-.eThcraoi'la'MeniiaWeoMlitfaig^tag . lanceolate ttipnlae. The tobet are oval, 

HmmiO mm m Uk ^ km hrwuhw apioathf pale giaen on tiie btck^ and ilie 

'-^•^'.si *> .«M«a« <. aMdleamftMcoaered^Miap^WooB, 

'"t»>^»itfr wmMj^ iliim Idtfi <te a>o»»Tfc«MlddtoWiiliHiwinfi(wriiir1iat 



tag «idowblM#» The wki^Bd lobes aw fleelodi^NidiiligllieMaB or ^itMki^Tbt^ 

rimat 006 inch long /and^mnow; wHh wliig»of-ilie'leayeB'ave/in iMmtiiHil no» 

fllfrt partial petiole.: The lobes havO tkm all day^ dtherop aod dowa* ov ia aa 

anall stipulae at their bases. In the lower oval of cuxmlar diredabn, which thejr iMv 

leavof one or both winged^iQbQB are freqneiit* form ^ twisting their petioles. The> cnr^ 

ly wsuitiog. . cnit of their motaonisregolarlf perfomai 

Fhweri. In the space of two aaihutes i the iQotioo 

.The flowers are of tiiie p^iUoDaceoaa downwards is quicker, and ctflen .by in* 

Und, small, yellow, atanding by pBirs* termpted jirks, but the motion i^nraida 

upon long aadllary and terainatfaig spikes: Is uniform: the two wings are genendly 

the spikes andpMt are covered with moringln opposite directions:, the motion 

glutinous baUated hairs. ^ continued for some time after sun set» 

CiUpM^ ^▼col when the branch is cut off, and If 

The lofolucrnmof the spikeis an ovate; the brandi is placed in water, a languid 

aCBte, concave, deciduous leaf, each cm- motion will continue for aday or more t 

bitcing two ^owenk— The enpalement if the motion of a kibe is stopped for some 

fern agraea qaadrifid, tmb-bilabiatf tabe, time, St still resumes its former motion 

baoonias of a qimdraiyikur,- beUeshape, whether iq> or down, whenever th^ obsta- 

poi|iie^ and dii^Iiaaous,. de is removed. When the leaves ase agl* 

'P0$ui9* teted by a strong wind, the motion of tl|e 

ne standard la snbrotund,scaneeniar- lobes ceases, which shows that que mor 

ginated, witih' eoofeiflng sides^Mnie tion may be substituted for the other, ami 

wii«»nreobovate, Aartar thanlhe keal« that fiee motion of theleaves of plaatsU 

— The keel is obovate, comprcssad, M neoestary and salutary, 

loogaathestandardi and opeftMoiw.. Cot^0ektre. 

FiUimetHJn > '^ ^Although this plant shews no initabili- 

Mine wiiied ahnest to the top^ and one ^^ th^tofuOi, yet it has a singular anil 

aepasale, five ^vliions short aadiorate^ atiiking analogy to anipals, in labotpring 

ive ^Itematei a Mttle U>i«er and ^Undri^ 9^^ ^^7b a^d resting or sleeping all pig^W-* 

«alj-*Tlie«anther«f areoMoag aadiaige* > That determinate mo^i^ato; the braMii 

«fl«L**. 1. i« out off, is similar to Ibe uiptfonoC.ttoe 

The gertnen is llaear» oonprensd^ and hearts of .animals After they are cut oiti 

as long as the filaments.-*Tke style te sok W probabiy,. itm Mgu of nature ia fl»t 

Udate and ascending* Tliei^ligm^olKBese saineinbotfaiy to . promote the circulation 

MuLpube^cent. • .' . . orprppvOaion ol tbe.flpids; ifhen i^anss 

Legume, lose their leaver they seem, to exist only in 

The pod is aibout two inches long* com- the same dormant state as the sleeping ani- 

presaed narrow, a little incurved^-epMn^ ' mala^without receiving increase : in this 

nate at the joints in the inlerior suture. plant the diurnal motion ceases as soon aa 

Seeds, '. ■ . the process of fructification Is finished^ 
Ten compressed, reniform, small, shin7 , ^^ ^^^ P^^^ gradually dies to the stems 

lag Uack or grey, with large, winged^ ca- ^^ >^^^- 

linate, white eyes.. ' .' .: .' Utility. [ 

Pf^e, It is no wonder that this strange plan! 

In the gardens of Dacca in Bengal. should become an object of superstition^: 

Soii^ ' among aia HIHerate people; on their day 

.We^ zed day. , called Sunichur (Saturday) they cut^ off* 

Time, . twolobesat the instant they approach' tOr 

The seeds scatter in Npvember, and the gather, and beat them up wiih thetcogae 

pl^t ^q]^^ in Septemb^ following. ,. of an owl: with this compositidn the 

Motion, and sisep, lover tot|cfaes hib.fovourife mistroNU^tp 

In the day.theniiddle lojbe of the UalU makeher'oomply witj^bis wiflheBi^ \ 

V>rijpniijjy^ded, In the ^;bt itta^ , , 



'« . 



■ t 

•* •• « • 






mU 



i m) 



"'.• 



' i / :>• . 



*» f 



1 ;. 1CHE CONGO SXPJ^ITION. 



t < < . «< 



•♦1 1 • i 



'^e Tiave the painfal duty to record the 
^ilure of the expedition to explore the 
liver Congo, the death of Capt. Yuckey 
the commander;' of all the scientific 
men and others, '^fhe journals of Cap* 
tain Tuckey and the gentlemen in the 
identific departments are, we under- 
stand, highly interesting and satisfactory, 
as far as they go ; and we helieve they ex- 
tend considerably beyond the first rapfSS 
or cataract. An anxious zeal and over^ 
eagerness to accomplish the objects of the 
expedition, and to acquire all the informa- 
^on t^t could possibly be ohtained, seem 
to have actuated every one, from the la- 
noited commander to the common sea- 
pian and private marine^ and led them to 
attempt more than the human oopstitur 
tlon was able to bear. 

It appears that they arrived at the 
fflouth of the Congo about' the 3d of July, 
and leaving the transport (which only ac- 
aompanied them an inconsiderable dis- 
tance) , they proceeded in the sloop (which 
was built purposely to draw little water) 
ap the river, to the extent of one hundred 
and twenty miles, when her progress, and 
even ^hat of her boats, was stopped by in- 
SQperEiUe'dltticultles, prindpiOly, we be- 
tter, by the rapids, which they descHl)e 
as intpassabie. Determining still on the 
(bnher prosecution of the undertakii^ 
the men were landed, and it was not un- 
til they had marched one hundred and 
fifty miles (beli^ one hundred and twenty 
more than any white person had been bep- 
tbre) over a barren and exceedingly moun- 
tainous country, after experiencing the 
greatest privations from the want of water, 
and bemg entirely exhausted by fifttigue, 
that they gave up the attempt. Hope en- 
diied many of them to retrace their 
foixte, and regain the vessel, bdt alas! 
naciire had l>een completely wofn out in 
sost of them, for 1 ^mdetstand twenty- 
Ute out of fifty-five died twenty-four hott|9 
ifler theh- return, comprehending aH the 
ttieatiAc pait of the expedition; and 1 
believe only eight^on board are now in a 
iCate to work the vessel ;' but as their dbief 
IraDtseoas to be nourishment, it is to be 
Wped the others will soon be broogfat 
iMnd. Snspldkms are eatertained that 
IttDydied by pdliMi adkninistered by the 
jHicks, botttusfotei maybe rinded 



We subjoin a list bf ike g^tfemca da- 
ceased — 

, Captaii^ Tuckey, (x>mmander of the ex* 
pedition, 3d of October. 

Lieut. Hawkey, lieutenant of the Congo* 
* Mr. Professor Smith, botanist, from 
Christiana, Norway. 

Mr. Tudor, Comparative Anatomist. 

Mr. Cranch, collector of objects of Nak 
toraMilstory. " 

Mr. Galway, a friend of Capt. Tuckey, 
who volunteered frt>m pure love of sdence* 
* Mr. Eyre, the Purser, 

Mr. Fitzmaurice, fbrmerTy master, hav* 
iag succeeded in consoqiience of tlie deiitht 
of the captain and lieut^ant, has salM 
With the Congo and Dorbtlit to Babfa. 

We feel a moumAil pleasure in coa- 
manidating the following letter, fix)m 
Captain, Tockey to a friend in Lonklto, 
written wfaUst be was prepai*ing to pro* 
ceed by land. 
<< iVa^a CmAw YotUtla, Aug, 20, 191^, 

{ten miiei uhcnfe MojeweWs Chmrt.) 
•MydearSbr, 

** I fae^ at least reached the obstinib. 
tion that prevents the flirther progieSs of 
thebeaia^ tlse river being filled with roM^ 
lor up«rBvds of fifteen miles, and the cur» 
rent rntoaii^' over Ihem with a (gieat) 
veiodtf, ifrMadn ail idea of getting n 
coarse op it. The eomttry is besides so 
mountaittons, that it is equally impifiiet^ 
cable to eoQvey a boat bf land. 

'< I am therefore about to proceed witk 
tbtrty men, as|(ur as I can by land. I eua^ 
gain no information fropi tlie natives, of 
the course or natnre of the river bi||Mr 
ttp,« so thus I go on feeling my way in the 
daric. ' noviaidns are' so scarce vaMg 
the natives that I carry every tiling wiA 
me, which is tlie gnatm bar to my pio- 
gress. Our passage ontwas terribly long* 
owing both to Ibe^iglifness of the wbidi, 
the eurrent, and the bad sailing of' tfte 
vessels. The diary of oiir rente might ba 
iisefiiltoyoa,)eMidIh8veiio*NriM ofOrip. 
tain Hard*s wilUagfaess to let fmnit It. 

" I beg my best c oui pMm en c a to yoar 
Mf ind Mrs. Jolliflfe, tbef wMfid hui^ 
tDseemeHkea captain of arlMMltl^ la 
a cavern H^led byaoaaitfle^ vtiick«iia 
bayonet, and sorroniided 'by mal^pietSg 
and dirty soMieiv aadaaikm, vs Hii i B^i s 
scrawl on my ba^ (Ifkced /oh ^]^' nrt. 
>Tbe dimteriia hp«mer «» goodfi w A^ 



.«i*i 



116 iw*y. / %rm 

■ighttio pWiutu, that wt feel BO iBoon- wi&om mAfowpS^ 

▼enicnce from our MfOiMuiiQ ItaAopttt^air*.. tM>t tmy«u«cMU ftnd tbe fomsot born 



<^ I beg you to brieve jne, 
<' My dear Sir, 
. . *' Yours ▼ery-.tespectfally, 
« J. H. TUCKEV.'f 

In eoncluding this melancholy accootot, 
wo mitot not foil tonotl<*e as a very eijt- 
pha^c circnmstancey that Captain Tuckey 



since his Other's iieparture 6>r AiUea. 

Captain t\u:key, our readers will scarc^^ 
nead to be rsmiQded, was. an auMior of 
Tcry contiderable merit. We do not knew 
that we oonid point oata moreusefaI,amtt8- 
ing, and instructive work in its departiacsBt 
of knowledge, than his compilation of Ikla- 
ritime Geography, published a short wliile 



who commanded the expedition, has left a before he left Englaiid to return no more 



PQIPTRY. 



T0thiEmw. 
Sift^— Oblige me by inserting the ac» 
oompanylng lines. The foir one for whose 
perusal t^ are intended, will know their 
author -under the signature of 

ROKBO. 

Ok' ! . thou whose love inuring air 

DaUghts ! yet gives a thousand woes ; 
My days decline in dark despafa-, 

Bfy nights have lost their soft repose. • 
Ah.hjtdy let pity move 

Thy heart to soothe the pangs f fied, 
Mil must I breathe my ardent tove, ^ 

While ofhers to thy beauties kneel. 
,Tbo«gh tMfs be now eadi pleaaiDg mt^ 

WHh «MtuiiO> socles tukoownto me, 
I aiwe might boast a irimple hfSart 

lalofe yviUi Innospncc and tiiea* 

•FafSM BaavoBTON's Mmooo Posrax* - 
Her forehead some &ir mpon, her. Intows 

:. aboWi. . 
^vo's pointid darta bar pisniaig 0fb- 

baaoMglow; 
iiSff Imatili addtfkagiMweioIhe nosning 

' • ate, 
Har well turned neck as polished irory 



Htriiaai. poaagnuMte saeds> hersmUes 

aaftU^taiagsare. 
Jte! iBSI lig^t leftves of Mas on the 1 Ae>« 
HQmi wiCh the'paaaing breeze they gently 
' • '.dttke^ . ■ • 
Ha».aaninmwtt gnciM as i^suamTs that 



JUaaMwy pknaata Ib «harippUog waves; 
flM».«Mraee youdil I've seen, a aii^ 

lliM foUl p»oit biighi. nose aiifaat tlMW 
itnrr^edalr. 

aatbasaav^HftiMiMam wdNtMpmwbsHr 
fiif4iai!ri9rib»t»XiaiMKil4iu)«»dmMsr 
aqpvk* vho Ufceall Iwrcs^MMrttat mma caa* 



fmejf^ 



and thoagh it woaM scarcely Ve deemed a com* 
pUmentt by a lover in Europe, to compare hii 
iniitfiits*t •miles to' ttghtolaim yet tl^y who 
haw witaeicd tbe pale beaotiAil lishtning of .* 
tropical efening. will feel the tratb and delicacy 
of the oon pariton. The tiihlle of iht hitttt ti not 
leM JQtti irtioM velvet leaf ahri^t idata mi ta« 
Mtface of the water, weMlng eqarcciy A» itif 
nponit. 

An Hindustamni Rbchta, or Amatoky 

Effusion in. English Versb. 
Ahl whohathfirommetommylOM? 

Whose words so soft and sweetly flow. 
Who fondly still my heart to move, 

In soothing ever shared my woe. 

To whom shall I in anguiah moom ? 

Who now wHl hear my piteoos sigh? ' 
Ah ! would the lovely youth return, - 

Whose form mi^estic glads'tfao c^fo t - • 

Ok\ abBen<9er Why infliet such smarts 
PaB^such'a's these! cannot 'beak' ^ " * 

Oh ! thoagh he Obaae to pierce mv-heaxt; 
His preiteiice still that heartwonld eHoer. 

>Vho hath not seen the dark abyss ? 

Then let him come and view thine eyes t 
Or, mark how far, oh £^ |it)m bliss, 

What'clouds o*er all my nights arls?. 

Thus aver, iqiver drowa'd in teara» '• • 
Pfeaerving^ aye, a pearly store j^ . 

The worid with all it's. wealth appeara . 

To one a scene that charma no mora* , 

From the Guustan'op Sadi. 
A fallow distress'd with a pain in bj&.eyt. 
Had iworsa to a iiBarier ooaie. balm to 

• apply;. 
B«t his akIU to the four-^footed bciaf 

.confined. 

Tlie jciire ^.ahpneijvria^ bi|ia4^ff|i^ 

bUad^ 
WteB MpboOdea,^ tl^£uTiari9lM wit4 

If yM wore «at an as^ pmi !!)i7 
T««|na( 



rti7.3 



'•• itKVlEW OF 500Ki^ 



.»>•!.; w. 



To •> 






» » > % 



juiMtft it, ^ tj^ r^»rl o^. Pipirrjetore, 

j^ the RcF,. T. ^..MaHhug, Professor 

oT rfjstory and lP<ilitic'aT*KcDnomy in the 

. Eaift-hif!fa<3ol1cjJ!erHcrtlbrd!^riiVc, and 

8tq. Pp. I&&. London. I<[ii7^.. 

This publication made its ap- 
pearance in the interval between 
tile discussions which (ook place 
>flt the i£ast' India llouse on th^ 
I8th X>^jc, and the 8th of January, 
r^ad^e ' td '/tJi'e Colripapy'i^ Civil 
doite^ . in Hertierdsnlre. On a 
subject cJfdTichr deep importance as 
flib ^dil(iaul5n'tff fhose wKo are t6 
be entrusted with 4Jie government 
of British India, k is mostdesira^ 
ble that cl&ai! and impartial views 
fihottl4.be entertained^ ^ means 
df tb^ daily pdaats, the widest cit- 
culafioii hasbe«a giv^nto 4ilate^ 
taents onfavouirablie ta the ijastita- 
tion. Jui^^ic^ 46naands that the 
ether fide of th^ .question should 
be patiently and dispassionately 
Eeam: and as we bare in •another 
part 0i the present nupiber insert^ 
ed ahaccount of the debates above 
idfaded to^ we feel it likewise to 
tie our duty .to, put. the public iti 

Kisessipn of tne arguments and 
XA wlSich haVe' l^een advanced m 
vindication of l!he cdltege iti the 
Tery aUe and 'lurtilnpus p'rbduCtioiii 
now Ij^fote us. ISTe shall accbfd- 
ingly lay^befo^tf otifr i-fead^rrf ai^ fiill 
an abstract of iH a^r ouf limits Trill 

lie otject of IVir. JREalaiHS m 
coijuDabefore.the. pubUc \^ s^ed 
iatbe Pi»iaae>^ - . ., 

.«e^0B of »h0 liMt hcfid> were -mMm 
s^jlPfi time 8h]ce> on acco|Mit ol a n^inciiH' 

fftfien prevailing of <:haii^Q8 being xaevli^at^ 
til the Court of Proprietofs, which I 

-ilM^ WeM'Ifkel^ to Vb 'Iboud^ ih tti 
i^Boauice of jili9)tBBl «tatc of ttte tollege ; 
-;*-ofHiiait It iii|MM^, H^d Whiit i&«vw ^ 
doinff towards the Jtpcoiuplishmttt' qf the ^ 
i/^itm, dl9^^ for .^UUh it .was &ul»ded«.7 

Anoxic Joumal.-^^o* H. * 



Th0fii2«ice¥fi)iM Cmti of Pr^prfetflci 

OR thk^siibjccty the quiet aod go«d ordej; 
of the college during $he las.t ypox,. and a 
great reluctance on my own (Hirt to ap- 
pear beforetdr pulilippn such m oeci^op. 
without' a rei^strong necesisity, withheld 
me from publii«hing. But it iis ini possible 
td lot siffHt) under the uncbnf radlcted Im-' 
putations brought forward in the Court of 
nropnetora, on the 18th of December, 
wh^tt I Isnow them to he unfounded. X 
no longer hesitate, therefore, to aeod 
what I had written to ^he press, with the 
addition of a more sp^ctftc reflation of 
lite charges brought against the collefe^ 
in Hie Court of Propiietmand elsjewhcip^ 
at the present moment. 

He tiiea proceeds to chaerve^ 
tliat no jBtep should be tidcen to^ 
wards the dteratipn or tbe de9tnii> 
lion of ibe jexiating establiahmeBt^ 
without thoroughly well conaider^ 
ii^ evenr part of the «ubj^cit» Ibe 
whole of which he cesolvea int^tha 
following questions ; and the anS'^ 
wers which he SQggejsts to thos^ 
questio^s 'Sare intended to furnish 
soHie matocials for the . datermaftr 
tioa of thi}' important pokits to 
which they refer." 

1. What are the qualidcations at ^e- , 
sent necessary for the ciTil service of th^ 
East^Indui Company, in ciie^ adminlstrar 
tiou of their Indian. territories? 

if. Has any deficiency in those qualini- 
catioos been actually experienced in sucK 
a degree as to be lujarioiis te the s6rvi«e 
in India ? 

ll]k, IfiordertoevcHcetlie^nalJac^tioaa 
required tor the service of the Coq^ppy, 
U an af^iroprj^^ .^stabUsbnient A^o^ie 
sary ?•— cM)d bhould it be of the nature of 
a school, or a college ? , 

IV. Should such an esUblishmei^t 4)0 
in Ifl^aml or in Iddin ?' orshouMvlbere 
be auesUblisliateiit in lMthsjB4A«MMRNSJ?. 

, V..009iiit^iip«artbat tb^ oQU^*Mf 
tually established in Hertfordshire Jsufipon 
a plan calculated to supply that part of 
me- apprbprtfete edacatfottof th^t^l 
servants of the Company which mtgftt to 
bocoi»^je(edin£urop«^ • . ,- ^.».. . 
^ VI. /ltq the .4i?lurbancea which ,to|^ 
taken place in the East-India jQ€^|ii;e to 
be attributed to any radical and uecessacy 
eVllg" iiiherent fti lis Constitution anil iHt 
cipline ; or to advent! tions tod t^&j^raiy 
cmses, wimh ano likely to .be weatMii 
^VII.^Affe tbe more g^narai cMnS» 



., ^. 



]L1S Statements respecting iheiJEftst'India CoBege. U^^K 

the college in tlye Court of Proprietors << The state of the civil aenrices of M^ 
founded In troth ? or are they ci4)able of draa and Bombay is still more defective 
a distinct refotation, by an appeal to facts? than that of Bengal/* 



The above statement is power- 
fully CGfniimied-by Mr. • E^moix- 
stone^ who in his speech, at the 
public disputation held at the Col- 

'ri,^^.-* -««*;^« «^«c;o«.« «,i..viUr ' leRe of Fort William oh the 27th 
The first sectaon consists_wholly jK^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^j^ ^^^.^^^ ^^ 

former defects in the education of 



The work itself is accordingly 
divided into seven sections, in 
which the above questions are, re- 
spectively considered. 



of a quotation from the " Minute 
in Council" of the , Marquis Wel- 
lesley, dated August 18, 1800, 
containing the reasons ^which in- 
duced him to found a collegiate 
institution at Fort William. We 
idiall insert only the concluding 
paragraph of this extract, which 
exhibits a masterly view of the 
duties to be discharged by the ci- 
yil servants of the Company, in 
the pres^it state of India, and is 
quite decisive with regard to the' 
qualifications required for that 
service* 

' « The civil senrants of the East-India 
Company, thereftn^, can no longer be 
considered as the agents of a comrnercuti 
coftcem : they are, in fact, the ministers 
and officers of a powerful sovereign : they 
tnust now be viewed in that capacity with 
arefereooenot to their nomisal,' but to 
Itbeir real occupations^ They are reqmced 
to discharge the functions of magistrates, 
judges, ambassadors, and governors of 
-provinces, in all the complicated and ex- 
tensive relations of those sacred trusts 
mnd exalted stations, and under peculiar 
circumstances, which greatly enhance the 
-solemnity of every public obligation, and 
'Ae difiicalty of every public chai^. 
Their duties are those of statesmen in 
every other part of the world ; with no 
^ocher d&araeteristic ditfnrences than the 
obstacles opposed by an unfavourable cH- 
nate, a foreign language, the peculiar 
v^ages aad laws of India, and tbemannen 
of its inhabitants." 

The second section contains fur- 
^ec e^ious extracts from the 
aame minute of August 18th, 1800. 
The result is stated in the follow- 
'mg discisive language of the Mar- 
/^\m Wellesley :— • 

/I It must be admitted that the great bo- 
ay 6f jhe civil servants in Bengal is not at 
present sufficiently qualided to discharge 
tile duties of the several arduous stations 
In the administration of this empire ; and 
that it is particularly deadent in the ju- 
dicial, fiscal, financial, and poUtu^ 
liranc^ea (X w g^renuuent. * 



the civil servants^ The same en- 
lightened person likewise adv^ts 
in his address, to the argument in 
favour of the sufficiency of the old 
system, founded on the progres- 
sive power and prosperity of the 
British dominion m' India: an ar- 
gument the value of which he re- 
marks will be greatly diminished 
by taking into calculation the ad- 
vantages which have probably 
been lost by the defective qualin- 
cations of the Company's servants 
under that'former system. P. 20, 21. 

To these statements and infe- 
rences, another consideration of 
the greatest importance and truth 
is added by Mr. Malthus himself; 
viz : that although circumstances 
rarely fail to generate the qualifi- 
cations requisite for the purposes 
of military acquisition, and for the 
very highest departments of go- 
vernment, they never can be ex- 
pected to produce a full and regu^ 
lar supply of such functionaries as 
are ilecessary for the internal good 
government of aji immense* pop)i» 
lation. Nothing but an improved 
system of education can provide* 
in adequate abundance, the ac- 
quired knowledge, the cultivated 
inteUect, the habit of industry and 
application demanded for these 
^eat ptirposes :— Such an educa- 
tion therefore, was by no means 
'< an imaginary and theoretical,, 
but a real and practical want ; « 
want which| in some way or other 
required unquestionably to be suii^ 
pHed."P.!W. ^ 

In the third section is discussed 
the question whether an mpvopri- 
ate seminary is required'- nir the 
education of the civ^- servant^ 
Had whetl)er it fpfiHd be ia the 



blfebmeut, or from the common. MiboolB 
of the oountryy nothing is 4pBe Cowards 
removing or mitigating the dangers arising 
from this cause. 

. If to these considerations be added the 
ol)jectiou<( which have been made to an 



dian caste (objections which might have 
some weight if the esclusive education 
commenced as early as twelve or thirteen), 
it may safely be concluded that any expen- 



1 817.;] SktUmenis ¥espeaing the Eaa^India CoUe^e. 119 

nature of a scliobl or a college? 
As these are points on which the 
public opinion has been miich di- 
vided, it will be proper that' Mr. 
M. should be' heard somewhat at 

length on this part of the inquiry. ' appropriaie establishment for India, as 
fi the first place it is obvious ^^'^^« ^ generate something like an In- 
that neither our public schools or 
uitiversities could provide tlie re- 
quisite instruction in the Asiatic 
laniruages. The specific wants of tl^ture of the Company in an appropriate 

the senrice, therefore, evidently i^\'^^ '^?}'^^ ^^^^""iL^ ^^''1!^ ^ 

* ■ * . . .y but would probably be the means of giving 

them servants of less powerful minds, and 

inferior general abilities, than if they had 

been taken promiscuously from the com-, 

:^on schools of the country. 

To accomplish the particular object pro- 
posed Some institution was required^ 
which was adapted to form the under* 
standings of persons above the age of 
mere boys, where a more liberal system 
of discipline might be introduced $ and 
where, instead of being kept to their 
studies solely by the fear of immediate ob- 
servation and punishment, they might 
learn to be influenced by the higher mo^ 
tives of the love of distinction and the 
fear of disgrace, and to depend for suc- 
cess upon their own diligence and self- 
control ;' upon the power of relating 
their own time and attention ; and on 
habits of systematic and persevering ap- 
plication, when out of the presence of 
their teachers. Nothing but an institu- 
tion approaching in some degree to a col- 
lege, and possessing some degree of col- 
lege liberty, could either generate such 
habits, or properly develop the different 
characters of the young persons educated 
in it ; and mark with sufficient precision 
the industrious and the indolent, the able 
and the deficient, the well-disposed and 
the turbulent. Nothing, in short, but an 
institution at which the students would 
remain till eighteen or nineteen, could be 
expected properly to prepare them for the 
aciqaisition of those high qoaiifications, 
which had been stated from the heal an-* 
thority to be necessary for a very large 
portion of the civil servants of the Com- 
pany, in order to enable them to discharge 
their various' and important duties with 
credit to Uiemaelves and advantage to the 
service. ^ 

It was to be expected that the 

the 



pointed to some appropriate insti- 
tution: and if so, Mr. Malthus 
contends most powerfully for the 
propriety of its assuming a colle- 
giate form. 

At the time that the establishment in 
Hertfordshire was founded, the plan of 
general education projected by the Mar- 
quis Wellesley at tiie college in Calcutta 
had been gi Feu up, and the lectures were 
confined exclusively to the oriental lan- 
guages. It was necessary, therefore, with 
a view to the qualifications acknowledged 
to he required in the service, to commence 
a plan of more general study in England ; 
and for this purpose a school was unfit. 

At a school which the boys would leave 
at an early age, little more could be learnt 
with advantage than at the usual semina- 
ries of the country. If the age of pro- 
ceeding to India was in general not later 
than sixteen, there would certainly be 
ample time for the acquisition of the ori- 
ental languages in that country before a 
writer could be employed, or at leastj be- 
fore he ongfat to be employed, in any offi- 
cial situation beyond that of copying- 
clerk ; and the advantage which he would 
gain by commencing the oriental languages 
at school would be so trifling as not near- 
ly to cooaterhalanoe the time employed on 
Aem. 

It will hardly be contended, that boys 
onder the age of sixteen are fit to com- 
mence that course of general reading 
which may he considered as appropriate 
tp their future destination ; and an at- 
tempt to introduce such a system would 
inevitably occasion the complete sacrifice 
of classical studies, with scarcely a possi- 
Mlity of substituting any thing in their 
«tead but that mercantile education, so 
■tvon^y reprobated by Lord Wellesley. 



With regard to conduct,— the strict dis- jealousy of patronage, and 

t^fHti^^T}. !Tr?!!??fi!?ll! dread of expense, would greatly 

weaken the effect of these obvioui 
and forcible considerations, and 



Cl 

school would be but a bad preparation for 
the entire independence, and complete 
'freedom frun all restraint, which would 
amit them on their arrival at Calcutta ; 
.ana j^ long as t^ey continue to proceed to 
IndlA at the age of school-boys, whether 
'Ifaey aietakcB fi<te^ appropriate e9t»- 



would determine many to pteS&r a 
school to a college, if it wi^re ne- 
cessaiy to chuse between the ewo 

R 2 



w 



** fewer difficulties with, regard to 
<< discipline, and to peicsonal di$« 
<< sipation and extravagance-''— * 
P, 45. 



evils. Th^ early cqd^i^ou . of a 
sdtKflastic educatton» and.tbe enr- 
ly commencement of the career 
in India, would remove liiuch of 
the objection on the score of ex-: 
pense, and parents woul4 pr^ume 
thai the terrors of tlie birch would 
eafbrce such discipline, that there 
would be but little danger of the 
loss of an apjipintment. " In this 
however" (Mr. IVL observes) " they 
would pfobably fiud themselves 
niistidi:en." 

Birch supports discipltiie, only because 
itis i^st^lf support<;d by the fearof expul- _ 

sion: remove this fear, and the effect of jj ' ha^j^g'^f Tndustry and m^ 

the rod will soon cease. In almost a« ''^^"j? «««'*^ ■*'* .w««ov.jr w™ •w^ 
cases, the physical force is on the siJe of plication. 1 hey embrace the 8id>- 



The 5th section exhibits in de- 
tail the whole systevi of discipUne 
and instruction at the existing oel- 
lege in England. We should maet' 
gladly present the whole of it to 
the public if it were not too long' 
for insertion. With regard to the 
instruction, it appears that tibe 
lectures are so conducted m 
ta require previous preparstkm^ 
and to encourage most efiiec* 



the gorerned ; i\ud few yotith« of sixteen 
would suhmii to hf flogR:ed if they did not 
know that immediate expulbion would be 
the con sequence of their refnsai. If the 
EsM-Ind a Company had an estahlishment 
iidt the' education of boys from thirteen to 



jects of Classical Literature, the 
Oriental Languages, the Elementll 
of Mathematics and Natural Piii- 
losophy, the Laws of England^ 
General History, and Pmitical 



sheteen, there is ^rtcit reason to beftef# (Economy. Public examinations 

that withtmt the usual gradaiioto of rtifie* t^ke place twice a year in all these 

ft-oni nine and ten vp^rards, and with any ^^„.^J!fc,„^„i.„ «*. ^:/t»i .««.«1 •*.;-*«. 

Hfeiftitfon in resortirfg to tiie pnmshmeut departments, at whiCh OTulat^on 

of expulsifm on ill tiie usual occasions, it' ^^^ maustry are excited by the 
would scarcely be po.<niiblfe to enforce pro> award of jpiedals, prizes, and hono- 
perpbedience ; and the rod ttsetf would' rmty distinctions. The result of 

tliese ammgements may be fBk\y 
estimated by the following declara- 
tion of Mr. M. which we presume 
nothing would have induoed him 
to hamrdbot the fullest confidence 
of its accuracy. 

There ase four or ikreni ike :|»rofMSW9 
thoroughly conrenmnt vHfa iMutenily 
mnninptfoDa, who oau taiB« upon iiiete- 
sdves to affirm thst 4iwj hiive n««^rwit. 
iMBiwd • flreslsr prBpDrtJMMi uf-vwions and 
successful exertion in the course of thdr 
scadenkal tiipcvience thso has a|ipeared 
at «Qnie of the riawmationH at the £S8l«> 
ififiiacoiieKek 

Howevei:, as the college hat 
been etitabl^sbed ten years, it wiU 
nataially be asked, have the bene* 
ficia! effects of it been practically 
perceived and acknowledged io 
India ? On this point the <90St ua* 
exceptionable testimony is pro- 
duced relative to the conduct, oha* 
racter, and attainments of tiios^ 
whom the college h^ sent £birth» 

The following is the laiwiiige of 
Lord Mmto. ^o» m )$m 9Q» 



ptohably be one of the principal causes .of 
resistance and rebellion. 

A school therefble, besides excluding 
at y>kiee tlie i?re« object in vrew— an edu- 
cation fitted fur the higher offices of The 
govemnieni — seemed to present ^^^one 
ilitdlitlrllyle a«fvaiitage over a colles^i 1)ttt 
that of diminishing, in a smaller degree, 
the patrnnf^.of the directors'. '. This ad-, 
vaxrtage, to the honour of the. court, was 
not regarded, in cVnujiarison of the ad- 
vantages which tiieir * Indian territories 
nlgbt derfre from the improved education 
of Vhdr civil servants ; and a college was 
determined upon. 

(hag- limits will not ailow as to 
ftinow Mr. M. through the inquiry, 
whi^h he has conducted with such 
CQiMHunmate ability, in the fourth 
sootion* It appears to us, how- 
ever, that he has succeeded most 
fully in demonstrating, that, on 
the whoJi^. the present system of 
educate in th^ two eaiidsdidi- 
^eots,at Hertford apd at Calcutta, 
dl^pai'ed with a r^g^ular univer- 
^j course in India," & '' nujkch 
*^$Bme econojnioal^ tnudb nme 
** ^9mm% with regard to gw&A 



'V%nmla49e,ttd«^^w^tiBLjmc^ m^oiRijf^if^iviM 



wiyo had gr^ftUy dtotaguislied tbe aludenta, proceeds to obaenreir 



tb6«i8?lve«, addsy 



■» «- 



^ li Is wftli peculiar ple^tire that i <lo 
atediec jtt^Uce to the Hertford college, by 
ff^arkiDf^ that the officiAl rop^i^ aH<l 
returns of our college will «liew the 
studeots wbo bave been traiuilated from 
Hettford to Fort WIUIhiii to stand 
hooourably distinguished for regular 
attendance,— for obedience to the' sta- 
tutes and discipline of the college,— for 
orderly and decorous demeanour, — 
fbr moderation in expense, and conse- 
quently in the amount of their debt ;— 
and, in a word, for those decencies of 
QOndnct which denote men well born, 
and characters well trained. I make 
this obnervatlon with the more satis- 
ftction, as I entertain an earnest wish 
to find it proved that the preliminary 
taition and general instruction afforded 
to the succeeding generations of the 
Company's senrants at Hertford will be 
found of more extensive (I should be dis- 
posed to say, more valuable) influence 
even fbr India, than a greater or smaller 
degree of proficiency in a language or 
two of the East can prore at that early 
period." 

In 1812 the following passage 
occurs in a letter from the coHege 
council of Fort William to the Go- 
vernor General ia CQuncil» dated 
December ^. 

** We take the liberty of repeating in 
Ibis place the observations made by the 
ngbt honourable the visitor, in iiia 



•^<* this gratifynig improveaKsnt 
<< inay perhaps be traced to soui^ 
<^ ces h^y^nd this eUabUshm^tU^ 
evidently alluding to tb^ ackno^«^ 
ledged effects of the iastitution im 
England. — ^P. 55. 

HH'se public testimonieB horn die eot- 
lege at .C^Iciitta are eoptfinued by the. 4c« 
counts of individuals who have votumef^ 
from India within the last six or fiereti 
yeai's, who agree in stating that what has' 
been sometimes called the New School of 
Writers at Cakutta is very soperisr iu- 
defid, both ineondiict tiid attauMPffflii. 
to those who were sent oiut upon the M 
system. 

We cannot insert the varioMS. 
testimonies which are produced hy 
Mr. M. to prove the efficacy of the, 
English college in abridgiiM; tb^^ 
period of Oriea^l study in IndMi. 
The public^ however, should hsii 
cautioned against the idea that (the 
d e s ig n oS the collese •embraoe4 % 
very deep or extended culUyation 
of the Asiatic tongues in Eoglmdv 
^nd^ accordlugly, Lord Minto, ftt 
the public disputation of 1^813^ 
after speakiujii^ of the limiiied iwow'*, 
ledge of Oriental languages ac- 
quired at i(t%e Hertford c^i^ 
obfferv^s, 

** It Is not to ^ coDchiM frcoD ttoict^ 



speech^ pronounced at the disput^tu»n> tbsit Ifct time allotted t^ attendance on 

holden 22A September, 1810, that the that ItMtltutioa has teea unprpfii^bly 

improvemeat [a veiy great and general spent ^ because most wisely, in . my 

o^e) which ,we have thought oorselves opinlea, ' tlte prelim^ary edocation 6i 

warrauied in assertii^ has l^eeu icexy the Cboftpauy's youag servants isiDot 

conspiooous in the conduct of tbestu- oon^toril fo istudles in^y Qiilemfl; 

dents who hav^ passed through the cul^ bu[t;» together with the classic^ iustj^uc-* 

l^ge at Hertfoid. tlTe trust ^nd be^ tion of the West (without which no 

lieve that this id no accidental ^^uai* English gentleman is on a levd with his 

stance i but at sU events, the £aa is> lisllows), I widerstaiid that a ^MMida- 

ib our opinion, certain, that, dae re- imd «f iKHite literatiuiei8ljfid«,andlihsa . 

fu^ being paid to numbers, no slmi^ the 4oQr is opened at least;, aad th« {^, 

lAstUutioD can aflford a greater propor- pirs miad attracted^ to the elemeats ot 

tioa of young men more di»tinguislied ^seM science \ the seedft of whicfa he- 

])y the maoaei's of geotlemeu, and ^ene^ ing sown, a taste -for intdleetnal em« 

nil correctness aad proprieiy of deport* else and /enjiayoneBitis implaiited, 'f«<iioii 

meat, than th«* present students of the saldpm ^ft^ ffie denrelop androat a ng^to^ 

Gdlegp of Fort WHliam." first germs of Imowledge at the^jKaat; 

A similar testimony is conti^ned ^ season." 
in a letter from CaptaiQ Roebudb: I{^ ^eii» m. fHfiwmtfiff knoir* 

to the CoUegr Council of Fort led^e of the Asiatiie ]Wi?mtl^ 

WOiiao, No¥. 10, L81^ triArUbeliN«i4i^i)»«flLfK)uAdtnd 

At the jiublic disputation, 1815, liberal SiifUpean eduoatifKi* iA^ 

Mr. Edflionsume, then acfdng as Ae 9fM^gMiw^ ^ hfibila «f 9S^ 

yUi»(%, jift^k* adT^rtiog to a (^hat^e mHU«abi0m jwited td m ^etiAy ^ 

te A»im0f in iIm Mttdii^ «f ttadaQlittiibtoibevirlV^H0i» 



i9A Statenietas respecting the Eatt'India CoUege^ C^BB* 

ai^ethe great objects' for whibh the formitjr, decwion, promptne68> juid* 
i^ollege was founded, it would seem impartiality » as are esdential to the- 
that Uiese are testimonies as satis- administration of all disciplix^e. It 
factory as the short period of its would appear from Mr. Malthus' 
existence will allow, to shew that 
it is accomplishing the purposes 
of its establishment. 

The discipline of the college, 
Mr. M. allows, (in 8ect.6«) has not 
been so successful as its literature : 
but he protests against the idea 
{hat indecorum or disorder is the 
usual condition of the college. He 
even asserts, on his personal know- 
ledge a^d experience, that,' on the 
contrary, in ordinary times it ex- 
Hibits a scene of exemplary pro- 
priety and regularity. He pro- 
ceeds in this section, however, to 
consider the causes of its partial 
fiulure in point of discipline. Some 
of these he admits, may to a cer- 
tain extent 'be inherent m the cVm<r' 
Btitution of th^ establiishment/' ' 



account of the ear]3r histofy of the' 
college, that such a system was not 
followed from the beginning. 

In the original foundation <of the college^ 
it was not thought expedient by its foun* 
ders to intrudt the power of expulsion 
to the collegiate authorities. As expu}* 
sion involved the loss of a very valuable 
appointment, the directors wished to re* 
serve it in their own hands ; and, in all 
cases of great importance, the principal 
and professors were directed to report to 
the committee of college, and to waitthor 
decision. It was in consequence believed 
by many students, that, unless the offence 
was peculiarly flagrant, th^y would run 
little risk of losing their appointments, 
and that their powerful friends in the 
India-House would make common cause, 
with them in defeating the decisions of the 
college council. This opinion seems to 
have commenced early, and to have dif- 
fused itself pretty generally ; and there is 



'1. In the first place,* the age of , little doubt that it contributed to facilitate 
Residence at the -college, viz. from **^ ~* ' **"^* '^''^ '^ " "*' «•-•-*— 
fifteen or sixteen to eighteen or 
piineteen, is notoriously the most 
difficult to govern ; -and a system 
of -collegiate education must be at- 
tended with considerable embar* 
rassments in its application t6 that 
period of life. — ^P. 65. '• ** 

2« A second permanent diiBcuIly 
may arise from the probable dis- 
inclination of some of the students 
to the East-India service.— »P. 66* 

8. The third cause of weakness 
IS one which at first sight might 
ai^pear to be a source of strength, 
namely, the great interest which 
, every -student has at stake, and the 
consequent severity of the punish- 
ment of expulsion ; a severity &o 
great that it never can be resorted 
to without extreme hesitation. and 
^IttCtance. This unwillingness is, 
of course, readilv perceived by the 
students themselves, and operates 
ss* a poweifol encMnragement to 
disolbKftdieiice. ^ > '<' 

'It is obvious t U tf i^t l M s sc natural 
^isadvacEJtages demat^tfi 'every pos- 
^ble^ftipport and'imsismnce to 
counteraet ihem, wmI to secure a 
^Tft^m-i^ 'ffiH^^' sifradinesn/'iifti 



the rise of that spirit of iusubordinaidon 
which began to manifest itself in the third 
year after the college was established. It 
must be obvious that no steady jsystem of 
discipline could be maintidned while the 
principal and professors were, on every 
important occasion, to appeal with uncer- 
tato effect to another body, where the stu<t 
dent hoped that his personal interest would 
prevent any serious inconvenience. Yet 
this continued to be the constitution of 
the college for a period of six years, dur- 
ing which there were three considerable 
disturbances. On these occasions, of 
course, the directors were called in j and 
although the more enlightened and disin- 
terested portion of them, who saw tbfc ne- 
<*es8ity of an improved education for thdr 
servants in India, were, unquestionid[>ly9 
disposed todo-every thing that was proper 
to support the discipline ; yet, the pro- 
ceedings respecting the college were 
marked by an extraordinary want of ener- 
gy, promptness, and decision, and indi- 
cated in the most striking manner the dir- 
turbing efl^s of private and contending 
interests. On occasion of the last bfthese 
disturbances in particular (that of 1612), 
the . ntanageiBient of ' which the > oMrt 
took entirely into their awn biMMlSi 
they detained a large body or students In 
town foi' above 8 month ; and'aftferetlteritag 
into the most minute details, andsitfi^^^ 
ing all the parties to* repealed dSM^nfr- 
tions at the India^iouse, came to*aotadi 
decision. The case was than, referred 
back again to the college ecrqndT, who 



1817.3 

taia. number of those coiioerned, who 
shooid appear to thetti to have been the 
QOsl deeply engaged as ringleaders, and 
the least entitled to ' a mitigation of sen- 
tence oa the score of character. When 
this was done^ and a sentence of expulsion 
passed in consequence on five students, a 
subsequent vote of the court restored them 
«// to the service, and they were sent out 
to India without even completing the 
i^sual period of residence at the college ! ! I 



Statements respecting the East-India College^ 185 

best hopes might be entertained o^ the 
result. And if the college were so sup- 
ported, as to enable !t gradually to subdue 
the spirit of itisubordination,' by removing 
refractory and vicious characters without 
clamour or .cavil, and to exercise its dis- 
cretionary powers in refusing certificates, 
according to the letter and . spirit of its 
statutes, and with a view to the real in- 
terests of the service and the good of In- 
dia, there is the strongest reason to pre- 
sume, from the testimonies of what the 
college has already done, and the further 
good effects which might be confidently 
expected from the results just adverted to, "* 
that i^. would answer, in no common de- 
gree^ the important purpose for which i( 
was intended. 

In section seven Mr. M. acU 
verts more particularly to the^ 
charges which have been recent- 
ly circulated agaUust the insti* 
tution. In answer to those charges 
he. again appeals to the ample tes* 
timonies from India^. referred tp 
above ; and asserts that Mr. Humey 



A spirit of insubordination, Mr.^ 
M. remarks, is the natural growth 
of such circumstances as these^ 
and it is not surprising, that even 
the ample powers which have since 
been legally vested in the princi- 
pal and professors, should as yet 
liave been insufficient for the com- 
plete and radical correction of the 
evil : especially as he asserts, that 
the authorities of the college have 
still to contend against a , spirit 

of hostility from without, wliich _, _ „ 

practicaUi/ defesLts the exercise of instead of consiilting competent 
those powers, by regularly putting ^nd disinterested judges, 

Seems to haresought for the character oC 
the college from fathers irritated at tfaa 
merited punishment of their sons, and 
from some Hertfordshire country gentle- , 
men, tremblingly.- aKve: about their game, 
—two of' the most suspicions x|uaiteci 
from which information could possibly ba 
obtained. 



the college J as it were, on its de- 
fence for a long period afler any 
severe sentence has been passed, 
and by undermining those feelings 
of respect among the governed, 
which are the best security for 
obedience and subordination. — Pp. 
73, 74, 75. 

^ . After some further observations 
Old the absolute necessity of the 
power of expulsion, both for the 
preservation of > discipline and for 
the protection of the best interests 
of tae service, Mr. M. concludes 
this part of the subject with the 
following remarks : 

The collegiate authorities now legally 
possess the power both of expel! ipg, and 
of refusing certificates ; but, unfortunate- 
ly, from the disposition shewn by the 
founders and patrons of the college, and 



With regard to the individual 
alluded to by Mr. Hume, as having 
become an ojutcast of. society fcom 
tl^e contagion of the East IncUa 
College, Mr. M. chall^g^s him to 
produce tl^e name of the person in 
question. 

- Let his previous character be traced ^ 
and let it be sc|en, by an appeal to/aet^, 
whether he was not much more iikely, to 
corrupt others than to be corrupted him- 
iself . His example indeed could hardly ^ave 
failed to produce a most pemicioui elR06t, 
if. the good aenseond moral feefings of the 
that part of the public, connected with KW^t majcwity of the students had not in- 
India, in every case where the loss of an ^uced them, from the very first term of 

bis residence, to shun his society. ' 

The appointment of the Prln- 



appointment is in question, a full support 
In the exercise of this power. cannot be 
depended upon ; although |here can be 
no doubt that every act. of cqllegjate pu- 
nishmeat tha^ is unopposed and unques- 
tioned tends to render sufch acts in future 
less necessary ; and every act that is so 
opposed andqoe^doned tends, to increase 
the. probability jitf the recurrence of that 
amSatib which h«l called it %th. *' 
, If UUft cJifflciUty orold be le^^ved, tl^e 



cipal to be a Justice of \th^ 
Peace id a subject which appears 
tQ.^ve beeai strangely misconf^eiv-* 
[ed. " Dr. Batten," observes Mr. 
M., ^' ^ 9 ^ergyman having He con- 
siderable.beneficQ in LincomsUire, 
.18 as legaU]r;^p£fied to bfscome a 



Siimenti refpecting the East-LtdSii College. 



1^ 

justice as any magistrate on the 
.bencfi." The appointment was 
expressly recommended by Lord 
Buckinghamshire^ then President 
oT the India Board. It has never 
yet been used, and probably never 
will, in maintenance of discipline : 
and ^'trith regard to the scandalous 
and libellous mstnuation" in a para- 
gftkph of the Times newspaper, 
(^lamefully and falsely ascribing 
the death of one of the students s» 
his commitment for a criminal 
breach of the peace within the 
walls of the College), Mr. M. says, 
"*• Let every inquiry be made on 
the stAject, ana tha^ more minute 
aixd accfurate it is, the more agree- 
able wiR It be to the College.^ 

X • Of, OO, Cf9» 

' h h quite needless to dwcfll on 
Mt. M. s repir to the complaints 
of Mt. Handle Jackson, that a 
cxnreg^ 'tfatioation was too aspjrmg 
for persons destmed for "<' wetghfaig 
tea^ €OittitiAg ba)«B, and meaisunng 
lilttelms/* By the India Register 
it appears that of 442 persons in 



^tVB. 



gin§ alone for the support of dis-, 
ciphne, or the enforcement of 
industry, since that, or any olher 
subordinate punishment, mnst Ui<« 
timately owe its efficacy to the 
power of expulsion. He adds^ 

Thtwe who >?o o it to Tndm must amf 
will be men the moi«ent they reach the 
country, at whatever asre that may be ; 
and there they will be immediately ex- 
posed to temptatiouB of norconimon nrap- 
innidp and datt^r. To prepwe thetti lor 
tlii« drdeafc, Mr. Jaickaon and the siBy 
writers in the Itfnes r«coinineil4 tlieir 
being whipped tilt the last hour of tlieir 
getting into fhelr ships. 1 own it apbear^ 
to me that the object is Ti^ore fikely to be 
attalnedt by a Kradfial initiation liN;o a 
greater degree of liberty, and a greater 
habit of depending upon themaelves, than 
is usual at schools, carried on for tw^or 
three ycfifs previously, in some saf^rptace 
tluia Calcttttit. 

The objectiongto caps andgowns 
iteem scarcely to deserve notice. 
Ther form a badge extremely use-^ 
fill Kn* the purpose of discipline * 
^nd as fbr toe supposed jealdusy of 
the universities on this subject,' 

every rational man belongmg to 



the civil eervice, finly seventy-two *®°^ ™^** heartily lauirh at the 

laudable aeal of the London citf- 
zets to inspire them with a becom- 
ing dread of such horrible usurpa- 
tion," P. 99. 

We shaU conclude with an ex- 
tract irhich exhibits concisely Mr. 
M.*s view of the difficulties wl& 
i^^ch the CoHege has to contend | 

Among these are (be multiplicity of it^ 
gorernors, consisting not oQly of the Codrt 
^/ dilators, but of the Ooiift df Woprf^ 
tors ; — the variety of opinians aaMHlt 
them,, some being for a college in England, 
some for a coif ege in Calcutta, tome for 
a school, and some for nothing at all ;— ^ 
the constant discussion arising from thh 
variety of opinion,' which keeps up a con- 
stant expectation of chamge ; —the interest 
o( IndMdnals to send out their soits ai 
early, and with 9H little expense of edu- 
cation, as posflfbte, an interest too strong 
tor public spirit ;— the venr mbute atm 
drctimstantlal details, iriaff the proceed^ 
logs of the odllege #hk;h are required, to 
be seea by aH the ladies and gentlemen 
who are proprietom of India stock ;,-r-the 
Impossibility of setiding a student away 
wtniodt ditating a dsaioiir fro tt on^ ettCl 

m*, n* i^fM^ ^-^ ^T »' -■.;-/- of London to the otirei', greatly aggrswatea 

mt.m. snm, iWjrmia til tXAtthSh and le4ribeii«d \ff the pdiftr thnsibr- 

tex^,i)iat it telflleib My^lh^ tiiAMMfai^thigev«fst«portiieTr(^ 



h«wa any donneclion with trader 
and even these, Lord Wellesley 
8av8> should have many of the qua- 
ttftMtioiis of statesmen. *' 8uch 
b^n^ the lUcts^ i4 it iiot obvious 
tiMc the ^^kicatiion^ tfi6 cM\ ser* 
vaitt» should be itt^ ibr the his^ 
pi»#iaiit scatiens filled by the gi>eae 
bedkf df *<bem, and I0iat those wiio 
are comparatively unsuccessM ifi 
inlproivement shodid supply de- 
Mftments tn which less abilities 
ire teqnired ?'' P,<^ 

for the literary proficiency of the 
stvdents, Mr. Malthus appeals to 
Ihdia and ddcumonts, for ttie pur« 
pose of establishing thut in this re« 
spect ihe Colleflfe answers its pur- 
pose, not with Utopian perfection, 
htstdt teasiln an et{tittl degree vrith 
any Ooier known seminaiy, eMttt 
l^dhxAtmi6 or coliegtate. * ' 

' In t^trty to TStt. iacksmi's ^Jnt- 
tttee, *' tmttthoKenrtto t*annot tot* 
^temand Aodd b^ttmde to feel;** 



1817.3 Statetnents teipecting the East-tndia College; 



lis 



ceediiigs ; — ^the chances tliit the dets^s 
above adverted to will enable some inge^ 
niouA lawyer to find a flaw in the pro- 
ceedings, with a view to their 'reversal ;— 
the never-ending applications made to the 
college, when a student is sent away, for 
re-admfssion, assuming every coneeivabie 
form of battery and menace ; — the opinion 
necessarily formed, and kept up in this 
Way among tlie students, that sentences. 



to it ought to be conducted with 
that; calm, dispassionate, and im- 
partial spirit which becomes all in- 
quiries of magnitude and difficulty. 
It is with a view to promote that 
spirit that we have laid before thie 
public, almost without comment, 
so full an abstract of Mir. Malthus's 



though passed, wUl not be final ; — and, perspicuous and candid perform- 



above all, the knowledge they must have, 
from .the avowed wish of many of the 
proprietors of East India stock to destroy 
the college, that a rebellion would be 
agreeable to them. 

How is it possible to answer for the 
conduct of young men, under such power- 
ful excitemeuts from without? For my 
own part, I am only astonished that the 
college has been able to get on at all, under 
these overwhelming obstacles ; and that 
it has got on, and done great good too, 
(which I boldly assert'it has), is no com- 
mon proof of its internal vigour, and its 
capacity to answer its ol^ect. 

The above passage we consider 



ance. Those, however, who are 
desirous of being in possession of 
the full strength of that side of the 
question, ought certainly to content 
themselves with nothing short of ah 
attentive perusal of the work itself. 



A Vietjo of the History^ Ltter^tfirej 
and Religiun of the Hindoos. &y the 
Rev. W. Ward. 

(Concluded from page 40.) 
In a very learned dissertation oa 



BS extremely important, because if the ." Religious Ceremonies of th^ 
the statement be accurate, it es- ^ Hindoos," by Mr. Colebrooke, in 
tablishes this point, at least, that, the fifth volume of Asiatic Rer 
though there may have been faults ' searches, the reader will find ^ 
in the internal administration of considerable portipn of the state- 
the college ; yet there have been nients in these volumes confirmed 



external causes at work, abundant* 
ly sufficient to account for a still 
more extensive failure than has 
actually taken place In the order 
and discipline of the institution : 
and if these causes should remain 
in undiminished forge, it appears 
that they must be equally injivious 
either to a college or a school. 
Whatever may be the fate of the 

Suestion which has been raised on 
lis subject, and which it seems is 



by extracts immediately taken frox9 
the puranas. That dissertation exr 
hibits a wonderful display of super- 
stition in every varied form whic^ 
the blindest bigotry can assume^ 
The prayers whidi accompany 
those ceremonious rites are nearly 
all addressed to elementary deities $ 
particularly to the solah firs, 
the generator of all things, and to 
WATER, the genial nourisher and 
sustainer of all things. In it will 



not yet finally disposed of, every be found a very honourable attes- 
friend to the prosperity and honour tation to the truth of all that ha3 
of the Company, must heartily de- been advanced by Mr. Ward m 



precate the tone of (intemperate 
and sweeping accusation which in 
Tari<ms quarters has been levelled 
affmnst the institution. Such 
bitter and contemptuous language 
cannot but be productive of nus- 
chief and injustice. If the coUe^ 
fails to answer the purpose of its 
foundation, let it be reformed or 
destfof ed» But the question is 
surdy one of no erdinary ni(iknent \ 
and all the discussions i^ch relate 



those preliminary strictures in the 
first volume, from which we have 
already given such ample extracts^ 
Both productions incontestably 
prove that the thedogy of Indfa, 
at leasts as generally understood 
and practised, is a gross and ph^i- 
cal theology ! Soipe refined spiritii 
may» indeed, penetrate behind the 
veil, and behold and adore tjie 
suPStBMiJB XNBiTY who fonned thos^ 
elements ; but the gi'osfi of the peo* 
Vol. Hi. S 



rtry near to that of tbe irratSooal ani* 
malfi. The husband almost invariably 
lires in criminal intercourse during the 
pupilage of his infant wife ; and she^ if 
she becomes a widow, cannot marry, aod 
in consequence, being destitute of a pro* 



brahminical religion; (vol. ii. p. 127,) 
and have supposed, that they cannot 
amount to less than 10,500 ! Every aadi- 
tional information I obtain, and the opi- 
nions of the best informed persons with 
whom I am acquainted, confirm me in 
the opinion, that this estimate is too low» 
that the havock is fiar greater, however 
diiScult it may be to bring the mind to 
contemplate a scene of horror which out- 
does all that has evor been perpetrated in 
the name of religion by all the savage na* 



1^ Ward on the Hindus, 

plea]*e, to all intents and purposes, 

idolaterSf ever prompt to vene;- 

.rate the objects of sense, and ser- 

vildy obedient to the dictates of h 

tyrannical priesthood. Well may 

the virtuous indignation of our tector and of every moral principle/ be- 

Serampore missionary be roused comes a willing prey to the lascivious 

*u« *u«^^»^^«.««*.:;^« «!««««♦ u^^^..» Add to ail this, the almost mcredible 
by the perpetration, almost befpre ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^.^^ ^^,^^ ^^^j^ 

his eyes at Jagannath, ot the ne- fau in this Aceldama. I have ventured 

farious practices that accompany on an estimate of the number of Hindoos 

those sanguinary sacrifices of boui who annually perish, the victims of the 

bestial and human victims ; at the 

tortures inflicted without remorse ; 

the anguish endured without a 

groan ; at the legislator who could 

command them, and the infernal 

deity who could alone be pacified 

by them. • 

It is not, however, merely the un- 
equalled cruelty of these bloody sa- 
crifices that inflameshis resentment, ^. . . .,. r^. .... 
.1 ., , r-j J* 1 j« tions put together. These cruelties, to- 
the utter waw^ of decency displayed m ^ether with the contempt which the Hin- 
theirfestivals ; the lascivious dance, doos feel for the body as a mere tempo- 
and the obscene song, which at the rary shell, cast off at pleasure, and the 
UiniGA festival^ where he was a ^Usorganizing effects of the cast, render 
visitor, and of which the reader has ^^^ exceedingly unfeeling andctad : of 
ieen his interesting account — these 
evince in the degenerate Hindu, 
such a deep taint of sensual guilt, 
as far surpasses the enormities that 
prevailed in the ancient Bacchic 
lestivals. On this subject there is 
one pc^sage in Mr. Ward's work, 
which was accidentally neglected 
to be inserted in our preceding 
article ; but which is of too impor- 
tant a nature to be wholly omitted, 
'and, therefore, before we finally 
clos^ the first volume; shall be here 
presented to the reader, as'a point- 
ed comment updn the atrocities , ^ ^ ^.^^^ ^^ ^^ -^j^ dialoaues 
there exhibited to his astonished {^hia a*re rehet^ed respecting Krishnu 
view. The concluding sentiment of 



which their want of every national pro- 
vision for the destitute ; their leaving 
multitudes to perish before their own 
doors, unpitied and even unnoticed \ the 
inhuman manner in wlilcfa they bom the 
bodies, of their deceased relations, and 
their savage triumph when spectators of 
a widow burning in the flames. of the fu- 
neral pife, are awftil examples. 

^ Bilt fo know the Hindoo idolatry as it 
16, a pei'son must wade* through the Alfh 
»f the thirty-six pooranuB andoth^ po- 
pular books^be must sead and hear the 
modern popular poems and songs-— he 
must follow the nrahmun through his 
midnight orgies, before the image of Ka- 
lef , and other goddesses ; or he'iniist ac- 
corap auy liim to the nightly r^tols, the 



^is extrsrct is eqtially judicious 
and pious. 

* p I 

' In short, the characters of the goda, 
and the licentiousness which prevails at 
their festivals, and abounds in their po- 
pular works, with the enervating nature 
of thedimate, havie made the Hindoos 
the most effeminate aod corrupt people 
on earth. I have, in the course of this 
work, exhibited so many proofs of this 
ifiict, that i will not agiun disgust the 
ireader by going into the subject. Sifflce 
,it to s;^y,.tbat fidetity to mami^ xvm is 



and ttie daughters of the milkmen ^ or 
he must watch him, at midnight, diok- 
idg, with the mud and wattrs of the 
Ganges^ a wealtby rich relation, wbil^ 
in the delirium of a fever ; or, at the 
same hour, while mm'deriug an unfaith- 
ful wife, or a supposed domestic enemy ; 
burning the body before it is cold, tHul 
waahincr-the biood from bis handa in the 
Barred stream of the Ganges ; or he must 
look at tlie bramhun, hurry. ng the trem- 
bling half-dead widow round the ftmeral 
pile, and throwing her, like aliJif of wood, 
bf theflSde of the dead body of' her hva- 
band« ^m l>«r» ^>uul .t)K» holding her 



^most, unknown among the Hindoos ^ 4owb witlr bamboo levers till the fire.has 
the intcrcouise of the sexes wproa^es deprived her of Ac power pf tisip^ and 



1817.3 

mnDing Wway. — Ahex he ha3 followed the 
bramhuQ throagh all these horrors, he 
will ODiy have approached the threshold 
45f this temple of Moloch, and he will be- ' 
gki to be convinced, that to know the 
Hindoo idolatry, as rr is, a man Aiust 
become a Hindoo — rather, lie must be- 
ooRie a bramhan ; for a poor shoodru, 
by the very circumstances of his degrada- 
tion, is restrained from many dboroitia- 
tioiis which bramhxins alone are privileged 
to commit. And when he has done this, 
let him mefliCate on this system in its ef- 
fects on the mind of the Afflicted or dying 
Hindoo, as described in vol.ii. pp. 163, 
164, and' 176; on reading which descrip- 
tion he will perceive, that in distress the 
Hindoo utters the loudest murmurs a- 
gwnst the gods, and dies in the greatest 
perplei:ity and agitation of mind. 



The state of things serves to explain 
the mysterious dispensations of Provi- 
dence, in permitting the Hindoos to re- 
main so long in darkness, and in causing 
them to suffer so much formeriy under 
their Mahometan oppressors. The mur- 



fVdrd'(m the Hindus, ] 27 

After the descriptions of the - 
TEMPLES, and their endowments^ 
the IMAGES with which they we ' 
respectively decorated are con- 
sidered at some length, as well as 
the different materials of which 
they are composed, as gold, silver, 
brass, iron, stone, wood, &c, &c. 
Those of the Lingam are most nu- 
merous, are generally of stone, and 
some are of a very large size. One 
is mentioned as set up at Benareft 
of such vast dimensions that six- 
men can hardly grasp it. The 
Hindu tribe of potters are the 
principal god makers, and they, 
like the ancient fabricators of the 
shrines of the great Diana, find it' 
to be a very profitable employ- 
ment. The PRIESTS, and the dif- 
ferent modes of worship are next- 
discussed. Then follows an ac- 



der of so many myriads of yictims has. ^^^^^ ^f ^y^^ periods of worship, 

armed nearen against them. Let us hope ^^j ^|^^ ««,,»„i««*:^„ ^pi,u^ «„-«., 
tiiat now, in the midst of judgment, a ~' " "^" '" "^ ««-«.- 

grapioua Providence has remembered mer- 



cy, and placed them under the fostering 
care of the British government, that they 
may enjoy a happiness to which they have 
been hitherto strangers. 

We now proceed to the exami- 



and the enumeration of the festi- 
VAts, which are almost innumera- 
ble. They fall mostly on the days 
of the n'eto mooriy or when she is at' 
the Jull; and at the times of the* 
increase .and decrease of her 
diangeful orb, . Mr. Ward ob- 



nation of the second volume of this server it as being rather a singular 

singular work, which opens with a circumstance, that both in the Eu- 

description of the temples of the ropean and Hindu mythology, the 

Hindus, varj'ing in form and de- ^wo first days of the week should 



coration, but most of them Won- 
derful structures for such an ap- 
parently feeble race to have erect- 
ed. Some of these are square 
buildings, which are in .general 



be denominated afler the same dei- 
ties; Surya^vara^ or Sunday^ and 
Soma-vara, or Monday. Those 
days also^e venerated when Surya«, 
the sun, that primary object of all 



devoted to the obscene wosship of their devotions enters into a neof 
the Lingam. Others, again, as signj in short, astronomy enters' 



those sacred to Jagannath, rise in 
a gradual slope like a sugar loaf. 
Those to Vishnu have generally a 
lofty dome with pinnacles or tur- 
rets ; some more and some le^s. 
The number of them in every city 
is very great, , and much of the 
wealth of the ancient itindu mo- 
narchs and great rajahs has been 
expended in the erection of them. 
All have a train of ofSciating 
brghmans attached to tton wiih 
pr«|K>rtionate .salaiies : the reve- 
Buefl^some arevery ample : those 
•f Ja^aiuiBth are estimated by our 
author at lOOiOOO rupees. 



largely into all their rites and cere-, 
monies, and it is thus demonstrat- 
ed, that if their books be allowed 
in any degree the antiquity to 
which they lay claim, the Brah- 
mans must in the remotest periods 
have been very attentive observers^ 
at least, of the motions of the hear 
renly luminaries. It wduld be a 
task equally tedioiis and disgusting 
to enter into all the minutiae .of the 
superatitious and endless cei^eno* 
Btes in Di^icb the Hindu is absorb?^ 
ed from the rising to the setting 
sun : thevarieties ofprayef offered 
up to the deities respectively ador- 

S 2 



188 Word on 

ed.by tbem, and the multitude of 
their ablutions in rivers and lakes 
accounted sacred. Those who are 
particularly curious in the investi- 
gation of these matters we must 
refer to the . volume itself, where 
their cariosity will be abundantly 
gratified, and the profoundest sub- 
ject for reflection will be supplied 
by every chapter. We must con- 
fine ourselveis to the contemplation 
of the great features of their singu- 
lar superstition, among which the 
burning of •voomen on the funeral 
pile of their deceased husbands, a 
voluntary devotion to death in va- 
rious ways, infanticide to an enorm- 
ous extent, and tortures and pHr- 
grimages. of the fjtkirs or -devotees, 
stand the mps^ prominent. The 
information here afiPorded us is pro- 
portionably more valuable, as 
being the result of ocular inspec- 
tion, and a diligent perusal of the 
pjtiranas themselves. With respect 
to the first of these facts Mr. Ward 
has indulged us with the following 
observations :— 

' The desire of Hindoo women to die 
with tbeir husbands, and the cafmness of 
maoy in going through the ceremonies 
which precede this terrible death, are cir- 
cumstances aimost, if not altogether, un- 
paralleled. It is another proof of the 
amazing power which this superstition 
haa over the minds of its votaries. 
Among other circumstances which urge 
them to this dreadful deed, we may rank 
the following: — First, the vedus, and 
other shastrns, recommend it, and pro- 
nice the widow that she shall deliver her 
liusbaBd ttom hell, and enjoy a loagiiap- 
l^iuess with him in heaven ; secondly, long 
custom has familiarized their minds to 
file deed ; thirdly, by this act they escape 
thie disgrace of widowhood, and their 
•arncs are recorded among tha honour- 
able of their families; fourthly, they 
avoid being starved and ill treated by their 
relations ; and lastly, the Hindoos treat 
the idea of death with comparative in- 
4iiSerenoe, as being only changing one 
faad^ for another, as the shake changes 
his akin. If the| considered death as in- 
froduciBg a person into an unalterable 
state of existence, and God, the judge, 
as requiring purity of hearty no doubt 
these ideas would make them weigh wall 

«step presuntwithaiichaioiiMsiitouscoii* 

iequenoes. 

. ThftoonductofthebrahfflunsatthelHua- 



iheBindus* 



[F; 



ing of widows l» so unfeeling^ Uiat those 
who have represented them to the world as 
the mildest and most amiable of men, need 
only attend on one of these occasions to 
convince them, that they have greatly im- 
posed on mankind. Where a family of 
Bramhuns suppose that the burning Of a 
mother, or their brother's or uncle's wile^ 
9^ any other female of the family, is ne- 
cessary to support the credit of the fami- 
ly, the woman knows she must go, and 
that her death is expected. She is aware 
also, that if she did not bun^ she will be 
treated with the greatest cruelty, and 
continually reproached, as having entailed 
disgrace on the family. The bramhun 
who has greatly assisted me in this work, 
has very seriously assured me, that he be- 
lieved violence was seldom used to com- 
pel a woman to ascend the pile; nay, 
that after she has declared her resolutiou, 
hier friends use vai-ious arguments to dis- 
cover whether she be likely to persevere 
or not ; (for if she go to the water side, 
and there refuse to bum, they consider it 
an indelible disgrace on the family;] that 
it is not uncommon for them to demand 
a proof of her resolution, by obligiog her 
to hold her finger in the fire ; if she be 
able to endure this, they condnde they 
are safe, and that she will not alter lier 
resolution, ff, however, she should 
flinch at the flight of the pile, &c. they re- 
main deaf to whatever she says ; they 
hurry her through the preparatory cere- 
monies, attend closely upon her, and go 
through the work of mmtler in the most 
determined manner. 

Some years ago, two Attempts Were 
made, under the immediate superintend- 
aoce of Dr. Carey, to ascertain the num- 
ber of widows burnt alive within a given 
time. The first attempt was intended to 
ascertain tiie number thus bvmt within 
thirty miles of CSalcutta, during one year, 
viz. in 1803. Persons, selected for the 
purpose, were sent from place to place 
through thht extent, to enquire of the 
people of each town or village how 
many had been burnt within the year. 
The return made a total of four hundred 
and thirty-eight. Yet very few places 
east or west of the river Hoogly were vi- 
sited. To ascertain this matter with 
greater exactnesB, ten peraoDS were, in 
the year ld04, stationed in the different 
places within the above-mentioned ex- 
tent of country ; each person's station was 
marked out, and he continued on the 
watch for six months, taking account of 
every instance of a widow's being burnt 
which came under his observation. Month- 
ly reports were sent in ; and the result, 
though less than the preceding years re« 
port, made the number between ttko wid 
tkne himdted: forthe year !«-!# wfthiii so 
small a space acvei^al huadfed widows 
were burnt alive iaont ftm .ho^moHl 



1817.] 



Jfwrdau ike HmduM* 



129 



iiatuandf €f th^e mdows^must be jnuf- 
dered in a pear — in so extensive a coun- 
iff aafHniooaVhan! So that, in fact, 
tte funend jiik derottr» more than war it- 
self \ ' How trxAy sliocking ! Nothing 
equal to it exista in the whole work of hu- 
man cruelty! What a tragic history 
would a complete detail of these burnings 
make! 

In respect to Dcluntary suicide^ 
it is practised in a/ thousand dif- 
ferent modeS) by those who aspire 
to be united to the Supreme 
Brahma, from whom the soul 
originally emanated; who rush 
on death as a refuge frpm the 
storms of a miserable existence in 
terrestrial bondage, under the tor« 
ture of disease, and the pangs of 
despair. Let us hear our author 
on this dreadful subject. 

r 

When a person is a/Hicted.with a sup- 
posed incurable distemper, or is in dis- 
tress, or despised, it is common for him 
to form the resolution of parting with life 
Sn the Ganges ; or the crime is committed 
after avow, at tlie time of making which 
t|ie person prayed for some favour in tlie 
next birth, as riches, freedom from sorrow, 
&c. Sick persons sometimes abstain from 
food for several days while sitting near the 
river, that life may thus depart from them 
in sight of the holy stream : but the greater 
number drown themselves in the pre- 
sence of relations; and instances are 
mentioned, in which persons in the act of 
self-murder have been forcibly pushed 
back into the stream by their own off- 
spring ! There are different places of the 
Ganges where it is considered as most de- 
sirable for persons tlms to murder them« 
selves, and in some cases auspicious days 
are chosen on which to perform this work 
of reifgioui merit ; but a pevson's drown- 
mg himself in any part of the river is sup-, 
posed to be followed with immediate 
hapiMuess. At Saguxti island it is account- 
ed an anspidous-sign if the person is speed- 
ily seized by a shark, or an alligator; 
bal his future happiness is supposed to be 
very doabtfol if he should remain long in 
the water before he is drowned. The Bri- 
tish Government, for some yeai-s past, has 
sent a guard of sepoys to prevent persons 
fhmi mnrderiiig themselves and tlieir 
chiUhsen at this junction of the Ganges 
whh the sea, at the annual festivala heU 
in this phice. 

Some years ago, at Shivu-^Shu-omunee, 
a bramhun was returning from bathing 
idth KaseeKsat'hu, another bramhun, at 
Shmtee-poora vtbey saw a poor old man 
nUfaif,oa the bvdkjoi the river, and asked 
^linsAlt he was Mug there? Hereplkdi 



that he was destitute of friends, and w»> 
about to renounce his life in the Gangcsk 
Kasee-nat'hu urged him not to delay then^ 
if he was come to die ; — ^but the man 
seemed to hesitate, and replied, that it 
was very cold. The bramhun (hinting to 
his companion that he wished to see the 
sport before he returned home) reproach- 
ed the poor trembling wretch for hia 
cowardice, and seizing his hand, dragged 
him to the edge of the bank ; where he 
made him sit down, rubbed over him the 
purifying clay of the river, and ordered 
him to repeat the proper incantations. 
While he was thus, with his eyes closed, 
repeating these forms, he slipped down, 
and sunk into the water, which was very 
deep, and perished ! 

About the year 1790, a young man ot 
the order of dundees took up his abode at 
Kakshalee, a village near Nudeeya, for a 
few months, and began to grow very cor- 
pulent. Reflecting that a person of bill 
order was bound to a life of mortification, 
and feeling his passions grow stronger and 
stronger, he resolved to renounce his life 
in the Ganges. He requested his friends 
to assist him in this act' of self-murder, 
and they supplied bin with a boat, some 
cord, and two water pans. He then pro- 
ceeded on the boat into the middle of the 
stream, and, filling the pans with water, 
fastened one to his neck, and the other 
round his loins, and in this manner de- 
scended into the water — to rise no more / 
in the presence of a great multltdde of 
applauding spectators. A few years after 
this another dundee, while sufifiering under 
a fever, renounced his life in the Ganges 
at Nudeeya ; and nearly at the same time, 
a dundee at Ariyaduh, about four miles 
fVom Calcutta, in a state of indisposition, 
refusing all medical aid, (in which indeed 
he acted according to the rules of his or- 
der,) cast himself into the river from a 
boat, and thus renounced life. 

Again, let us attend to his de* 
scription of what passes at Jagan« 
-K ATH, in Orissa, at the grand annual 
festival, ISJestival it may be calledf 
where murder reigns paramouAt> 
and desolation rides tnumphant in 
her blood-stained car. 

Amongst the immense multitudes as- 
sembled at the drawing of this car, are 
numbers afflicted wifh diseases, and others 
involved in worldly troubles, or worn out 
with age and neglect. It often happens 
that such persons, after offering up a 
prayer to the idol, that they may obtain 
happiness or riches in the next birih, cast 
themselves under the wheels of the car, 
4nd are instantly crushed to death. Grea^ 
numbers of these cars are to be seen T^ 
Bengal ; and every year in sojne place or 



iso 



Other, fienons thus destroy themseWes. 
At Jogunnat^hli-ksh^tru, in Orissa, seve- 
sal perish anDiially..Man7 are accidcDtally. 
thrown down by the pressure of the crowd, 
and crushed to death. The victims who 
devote themselves to death in these forms 
here an entire confidence that they shall, 
by this meritorious act of self-murder, at- 
tain to happiness. 

I beg leave here to insert the following 
extract of a letter from an officer to a 
friend, to confirm the facts related in this 
and the two preceding sections: ' 1 have 
known a woman, whose courage failed her 
on the pile, bludgeoned by her own dear 
kindred. This I have told the author of 
^ The Vindication of the Hindoos.' — I 
have taken a Gentoo out of the Ganges . 
I perceived him at night, and called out 
to the boat-men. — ^Sir, he is gone; he 
belongs to God.' ' Yes, but take him up, 
and God will get him hereafter.' We 
got him up at the last gasp : I gave him 
some brandy, and called it physic. ' O 
Sir, my cast is gone!' ' No, it is physic.' 
* It is not that. Sir ! but my family will 
never receive me. I am an outcast 1' 
'What I for saving your life!* Yes,' 
' Never mind such a family.' — I let above 
one hundred men out of limbo at Jagan- 
n^th : there were a thousand dead and 
dying;— *all in limbo starving^ to extort 
money from them. 

• 

In respect to that other horrid 
eaormity practised in India^ llie 
rmtrder, and exposure of in/anis, 
though it abounds more among 
the jR^japut or royal-tribe, who 
very generally thus sacrifice their 
dat^ktersy as bein^ a burden to a 
military race ; yet instances of that 
crime very frequently occur even 
in Bengal and Orissa, especially 
in those districts that border on 
the Granges, in whose devouring 
wave so many annual victims of 
various sex and age are inhumanly 
plunged. The jprinciple (what a 
dreadful perversion of the word !) 
upon which the infatuated parents 
act, is this : a married pair having 
been long united, and having no 
children, join in making a vow to 
Ganga, that, if SHE will bestow 
upon them Che bressing of offspring, 
they win devote the^r«^-^r«, as 
the deairest and most prised, to 
her. Firm and faithful to the 
deathful compact, if their request 
be granted, at three or Jour years 
of age, when the intellect begins 



Ward on the Hindus* C^^"^* 

to dawn, when the child is most 
amiable, and the delighted parents, 
feel most ardently the throb of af- 
fection ; then it is that they perform 
the nefarious rite. The unthink- 
ing innocent is taken to the edge 
of the river on some public festi-, 
val, appointed .for badiing in that 
fallowed stream, and there devot- 
ed to the goddess. . The child is 
allured to go farther and farther 
into the water, till it is at length . 
carried away by the rapidity of the 
current; or, if it is' reluctant to 
become, its own* destroyer, it is 
pushed on without remorse by the 
unfeeling parents into the middle 
of the stream, where, if not rescu- 
ed from destruction by some com- 
passionate stranger, it is infallibly 
mgulphed. The compassionate 
stranger, however, if he is'success- 
ful in his humane efforts to pre- 
serve it, must keep it for his pains: 
at the moment of its floating on 
the water it is for ever renounced 
by the parents; the infernal vow 
is completed ; heaven is appeased, 
and its vengeance satiated. 

Fearful that these details of hor- 
ror would appear incredible to his 
European readers, Mr. Ward ap* 
peals for the truth of the facts re- 
ported, to the testimony of his 
brother missionaries in India in the 
following passage :— 

The following shotkiiig^ custom appears 
to prevail pirtadpaUy inthe-nottheradis- 
tricts of Bengal. IS an iniSuit refoie the 
mother'a breast, and decline in liealth, it 
is said to be under the influetare of some 
malignant spirit. Such a child Is sone- 
times put into a basket, -aud hung «p in a 
tree where this evil spirit is suppoMd to 
reside. It is generally destroyed by ants, 
or birds of prey ; but sometimes perishes 
by neglect, though fed and clothol daSty. 
If it should not be dead at the expimtknt 
of three days, the BMkher receives it home 
again, and. nurses it : but this seldom 
luppens. The late Mr. Thomas, a mis- 
siouary, once saved and restored to ita 
mother, an In^t which had fallen out^of 
a basket, at Bholafaata, neariMaldf^ at 
the nwnient a shachal was rnnniBg'S^^ 
with it. M this gentiman aodMci Caiey 
were afterwards passing under fStkt same 
tree, they found a basket hMging m<tb* 
branchesj containing the skeleton of ano* 



1317.3 Ward on the Hindus. 1^1' 

ther infent, whicb had been devoured by pestilential blasts. To gain ab^ 
ants. ,3>s custom is unknown in many sorption in deit^^ that is, to return 
places, but, it is to be feared, is too com- purijged after a shousand ordeals 

TniLtrrbVesternpHrtsofHindoost'. to the divine essence from which 
hanu, the horrid practice of . sacrificing vagrant. spirit first emanated, some 
female children as soon as born, has been ate represented in their sacred 
Itnown from time immemorial. The Hln- jjooks as hanging for hundreds of 
doos wcribe-this custom to a prophecy de- j^ ^j^ ^ ^ downwards ; 
livered by a Bramhun to Dweepu-smghu, y^"'^^^ ***,.. , ^ ^^i^^^o 
aX-^otu kiiig, that his race would Others, as living on leaves ; others, 
lose tlie sovereignty through one of his on air ; others, as residing m tne 
female posterity. Anotlier opinion is, that center of four fires, in fact, roas't- 
this shocking practice has arisen out of - themselves to death ; others, 
the law of marriage, which obbges the -„°t^„j:„„„„ ^^thp nprk in water- 
bride's father ta pay almost divine honours »» ?™"^ "P ^ V ? \!i xtf Jl 
to the bridegroom* hence persons of or imbedded m eternal snow. Ihese 
high cast, unwilUog thus to humble them- trials of a more tremendous nature 
selves for the sake of a daughter, destroy ^^g ggj^ to have been undergone 
the infant. In the Punjab, and neighbour- ^^^^ usually in ancient, than irt 
ing districts, to a great extent, a cast ot , ^r.^J^ ^ocTon*>rfltA timpa ♦ 
Sikhs, and ihe Raju-pootus, as well as these modern degenerate times 
many of the Bramhuns and other casts, Sannyasis of the present, day shrink 
murder their female children as soon as from such excruciating tortures, 
bom. I have made particular enquiry ygt many of extreme violence are 
into the extent of these murders ; but as ^ .^j endured by them with invinci - 
the crime is perpetrated m secret, have "Y ^"^" a^ /i .foor iwit^tarxnt^it 
not been able to procure very exact infor- ble fortitude. A few mstanccs 

nation. A gentlemau, whose information withm the limits or our autnors 

on Indian customs i$ very correct, informs enquiry shall now be adduced, 

me, that this practice wa.s. if i* is jiot^^ ^ 5^ .,._These mendicant worship^ 

present, universal among all the raju- J^^^^y;^ ^re very numerous in Beti- 

poots who, he supposes, destroy ail the^r P^s ^^^ ^7„ot mu7h honoured by their 

'^^^•- ^^ ^k'"?'"' ^'I?^:. ?ifp countrym^^^^ They smear their bodies 

G<J:^^^^?'^^^^^^ wXhe ashes of ^w-dung, wear a nar- 

Government of Bombay, made m conse- ^^ ^^^^ their 

quence of the very benevolent exertions of ^^sT^^^ ^[^^ ^ cloth,*died red, over 

Mr. Duncan, the practice is almost gene- i^^^/j^'^?^^;'' ^he artificial hair worn by 

raUy continued. He adds the custom J^^'^ ^f^^^^e persons, reaches down to 

prevails m the Punjab, m Mahva, in Joud- JJ^^ feetVand is oftei clotted whh dirt 

pooru, Jesselniere, Guzerat, Kutch, and *??[ ^^t:L;« toeether like a rope. Some 

Phaps Sind, if not in other provinces. ^"iLl^Tof K a^^^^^^^ ^^ 

We now come to the last sub- their aims, and others travel nak^. The 

lect which we promised more par- respectable sunyasees profess to live m a 

ject wnicn we promiseu more par ^ celibacy, eating neither flesh nor 

tienlarly to consider, a subject as ^^^^ ^^^ anointing their bodies with oil. 

dreadfol as it is comprehensive; Ramatu.—This class of mendfcants, 

we mean the tortures endured, and worshippers of Ramn, is formed of per- 

the vUzrimazes undertaken by the sons bom in the western P^^^^ces^ 

- i.* « ^ . 7 . ^1- Hin<lnrt^t'hanu With a rope or an iron 

Indian sannyam or devotees, who, ^iS^^^^^^^^ .^ of clolh very close 

in their romantic notions ot gam- y^xxnX their loins ; rub their bodies witii 

ing heaven by voluntary inflictions, the ashes of cow-dung, and wander to 

and toils, to which the labours of holy places in large companies, many «f 

Hercules are puerUe, brave equal- «^- .^^f ,„rdair^.Tutt«|; 

ly the bunung tropical beam, ana themselves in a body on rich men. The 

the extreme rigors of the polajr cir- Ramatus make fires in the night, and' 

cle. Sometimes they perish, the sleep near them in the open air. They 

prey of the wild beasts of the smoke intoxicating herbs to great excess, 

desart» through which they are Again, we read, at page 196,. 

fearkflnly travelling; at other times concerning the sect that assumes 

they are buried in the drifted the appellation of 

sands, oi SttBbcated by the fiery purum Hmgsu, A few persons are to 

• Attetime of «iMiiii9» thegiriu fatter, tfkiw be scea «t holy pla^s who caimi^c^^^^ 

kold of the knee of t^bosr* wonWiw Wm, by ^y this name, but they do not 9ome up i© 

tS^SSSiStt^J&Si'r^'^' tbeiteicripti«ioffl.e.h«ttu. They pre- 



l»8 J^ofd on the Bindu^. ^^b. 

^^^^^!^^^^''^^^il^^^'^^^' bcr of tricks with him, hit withont 
«$lf^'- ***^*'*^^^?.^^» have no ap. making the least hnpressioa on liim.- 
parent intercourse with human beings 5 The teacher was soon tired of his iucst, 
remain speechless; ask for nothing, and and sent him to Benares. On the way 
yet subsist on ^ms ; eat any thing given when the boat one evening lay to for the 
*L T ' « L^^^^^v, .^ outward purifica- night, this yoj?ee went on shore, and, 
Oons ; and wear their beard and the hair while he was walking by the side of tb^ 
Of their head, unless some one take com- river, another religious mendfcant, with 
passion on them, and pay the barber, a smiling countenance, met him: they 
These persons affirm, that they have at- embraced each other, and-fas is saidV 
tamed to that state of perfection which -were seen no more, 
the shastrus require, viz. that their minds' m, i_ ^.,^11 

do not wander after worldly things, and* ^"^8 nave we faitanilly gives ft 
that they live in a state of pleasure : but general view of the contents of thid 
this abstraction and joy arise only from singular publication, in which, if 
the fumes of drugs or spirits, bvwhich 4.1,^ .! * . • j« \' n 

sill the other passions a?e overcon^e.^ I *« Virtuous indignation of our 
have seen such persons at Kalee-ghatUy Kussionaryhaemducedhim todraw 
wear Calcutta.. Instead of dwelling iu the character of the Hindoos in 
forests according- to the directions of the colours too dark and dreadful, 
diastru, they remain at these places, in more increased and exnandpd in. 
order,to attract notice, and td obtain vo- ™ore mcreasea ana expanaed m- 
limtary alms. The pundit with whom I *OJ^«iation will not fail m time to 
wrote this, acknowledged that pride waa correct the error. But he himseljf^ 
the reigning principle in these modern in various places, positively affirmg 
purum-hungsus. that, so far from having exaggera- 

The most wanderful instance, ted their enormities, he has not 
however, e£ this species of abfltrac* drawn thepicture dark enough from 
tion.from all objects of sense, ista ^^ of o£knding the delicacy of 
be found at a subsequent page, ^^ readers, and in the apparent 
where it by no meana appears ta confidence of undissembled truth, 
be*th«eiiect of intoxicating drugs, uses the remarkably strong ex- 
The following story is universally cre^ presfiions concerning the authen- 
dited among the Hindoos in. the neighs ticity of his statements, occurring 
bourhood of Calcutta :--Some years ago^ at page 129 of his second volume J 
I* European, with his Hindoo cJerk, Va, with quoting which we shall con- 
ranusheeghosbu, of Calcutta, and other «i„j iu ^ ^ j j . • . 
^ervanteT passed through the Sundels ^^^^^ ^^^^^ extended strictures, 
bunds. . One dayj as this European was I niust leave it^ to the peA of the ftitar* 
walking in the forest, he saw something historian and poet to give these 8cene« 
which . appeared to be a human being, that just colouring which will harrow 
standing in a bole in the earth. He asked np the soul of fhture generations i I mus( 
the elerk what this could be ? who affirm- leave to them the description of these len 
ed that it was a man.* The European gitimate murders, perpetrated at the com* 
went upj and beat this lump of animated mand and in the ..presence 0f the hMf^y 
clay till the blood came; but it did not priests of idolatry; who, by the magic 
appear that the person was conscious of , spell of superstition, have been able U) 
the least pain— he uttered no cries, nor draw men to quit their homes, and travel 
manifested the least sensibility. The £u- on foot a thousmid miles, for the tak^^of 
ropean was overwhelmed with astonish- beholding an idol cut out of the tnuik of a 
meat, and asked what it could mean? neighbouring tve^ or dyg^mm an adjoin. 
The clerk saidy he had learnt from hi4 ing. quarry ; — to prevail on men to oom- 
ahastrw^f that there existed such men, mit murders to supply human victims for 
•Idled yogees» who were destitute of pa»* the airars of religion ;-«on mothers to 
■ioofl, and were incapable of pain. After hutohaf their own ohadfen;-*«4in Meuda 
hearing this account, the European or* to foeoe dijseased relations into th« arm^ 
derod his clerk to take the man home, of death, while struggling to. extricttt^ 
He did Bo» ai)d kept him some time at themselves ;— on- children to apply ' the 
his house : when fed, he would eat, and, lighted torch to the pile that is to devour 
at proper times, would sleep, and attend the living mother, who has fed*them ttoi/i 
to the aeceoMiy limctioas of lifo ; bntln her brmtSy. and daadl«d them- iim. her 
took no interest in any ^ing. At lepg^ knees* Te a^wfk th^.wjkole^ thsjtf j^ctests 
the clerk, wearied with keieping him, ofidolatn haTep^sraaded^mento^Wor-r 
Bern him to the house of his spiritual Aip them as gods, to lick t@ <^st of 
teacher, at Khurdn. Here eeme lewd tfacu* feet, and ctea to cnteir lamiiB^f 
Rllow* put fire into his hands ; plaeed a theirown flesh, their oym ^H^h w ofler- 
prottitute bfhie fldie^ aad pla^ied a nam- ings to the gods. 



«17,1 



< m 1 



LI-TERARY A'ND PHIL0S0PHI€A!L 
- INTELLIGENCE. 



has been liirected t» recommeooe the 
^nii«y of the boundaries of ZiflaiiB Hngfa- 
ty, 'finrdwary Mi&napote, atd the Juo^ 
.tttehiils. 

Lieut. Hugh Morrieson, of the S^h re- 
igimeDt Bengal N. Infantry, has be^n dj- 
A*ected by the governnientat Fort-Wiliiam 
rto proceed to the Sunderfounds, for tlie 
•pmspote of continuing tiie survey .ong»- 
JiilUy enirustied'tohim ; a considerable pro- 
gress has been made in this geographic 
examination, which was undertaken, we 
ituiderataad, with the egress rintention of 
■gEaduaJlyoonrertiog an exaberaat traet of 
woods anfi creeks into a qultivated coun- 
try. Several spots have ahieady been 
cleared, particularly .at the extremity of 
Sagor Island, where the festival is annu- 
ally held. 

Jff09 30. — On Saturday night a violent 
storm commenced from the N. W. abfiut 
liatf past seven, and continued till ten. 
At midnight it recommeneed with greater 
fiiqc, the wind blowing from the S. Tlijc 
thunder was tremendous^ and the light- 
Ding &:om the quarter whence the win4 
blew presented a continual blaze, much 
damage was done to the huts of the na- 
tives; we have not heard of any other 
casualties. . 

iAt d meethig of the Asiatic Society, 
'Md on the 7th orf «hiBe last, a paper was 
>«ad«eIathig'tD the use at Pomegranate 
rom 'In' Tenia and Aktmd, of a species of 
Asclepias in the 'Jttzam br leprosy 6f 
'^Bengal. 

Wlfdu tmef^ at Valcurta.-^A «e- 
cffuA meeting, for the pntposfe of form- 
ing an Instittttiott for thie education df 
the 'diildren of Hinthia; assembled at 
;Slr fidward East's, -wfaea the following 
f m i 9m%9t ae u i% w^ere adcipt0di-«-P»Mi(lent, 
'Slr^LiEast ; Vice-President, J. iHat^iHg- 
^tDAy /Esq. Qommtttee, D. tfeming, Bs^. 
*W. C. maoqaiefe,fiaq« J<. W. €roft, fisq. 
<iI,.:feL Wihon, Btq. OBptain "Pi^or, Ctip. 
•titfoiJioflbnok, LAeumitit^'riee, Dr. Wai- 
vllfc;.*>Uenltttaat itvin, SeoKta#y; My. 
-BflfMtlo^ Treaivv^. . 

9lielfollowJi%i}8<ilie^lpniinl plan, imder 
wlMi it is proposed )t»ib«iii this tiMftil 
ittUbUabiNnt ^ 

a^ That'te primti^'db}^ c^ this in- 

■ IM I K b imi^mM^a^f tlie^•0nl^offe8- 

*f«M*»«iiBilai. ta the*«h||iiBh Mid fn- 

dttiitm gaagqB, Htod-inAeHunc^ta^ afld 

^■iMBt^iftBidoDpe, 

Asiatic /o»rpi.«-Ne. 14. 



2. That the admission ofatnaeaCi, sou* 
-sntently with the above priliiai^ object, 
.he, left to tiie discretion of t^ .manageis 

of the Institution. 

3. That persons who are not students 
'be alldwed lx> attend any literftry or sden- 
tific lectures, in the Eng^ift Depamnent, 
with the consent of the committee of 
-managers. 

4. That the terras on miudtk stedenfls 
-shall be admitted to receive inHtnuttSon hi 
the collage, be fixed, firom tine to tHnc, 
by the managers of the inBtitdtion. 

5. That a fond be laiaed by voluntaiy 
cofttritmtioiiB for the pnrohase Of a SuflU 
cient qvanticy of ground in « convenient 
situation, within the limits of the oi^of 
Calcutta, and. for erecting a suiisdde obi- 
lege, with other requisite biiihiingB, there- 
upon. 

'6. That a book of SobscHption for this 
ipurpose beikeptopcn Ibr a-psriod of onb 
year ; and timt oil penons who hnve oK 
jeady contributed, or may eontvibote' dnw 
ling the present year, to tlteihnds of ^ 
iostitittioB, ^ eonsidered origieal bene- 
factors and founders of the college.. 

7. That the names and contributiona 
of sndh ori^nal beiiefaetors and founders 
the recorded in the annals of the ooltage ; 
aodbe afoo>engraTen on a tabletof mairtde, 
to :be affixed in some conspieuoos 'part Of 
the principal edifioe. 

8. That the names-of all future bene* 
.ii»tors4othe fttnds of the college, be also 

legistered as audi ; with the amount antt 
dateiof then- i«apeetive oontirlbueioDs. 

9. That .if at any time ithe fbund n^ 
eessary to limit the number of students to 
recipe instruction in the cOll^, a pieiu 
ferenoe be given to the sons and rehitionb 
of those who have been rtoordtd as fotm- 
<kns and benelaetorsy or registered ik 
bmefiictora of the college. 

It was also 'resolved, that Wiiriani Coai^ 
iBtaoqniere, Bsq. ilam Gopal Mttlik,/Gopee 
M0him:Bf.b, and Huree Mohun Thakonr, 
be ^constitured a committee for taking 
measures towairdd providing a proper Iff- 
•taation for the seminary, and that the 
natlvsepart of the committee reconsidok 
and -t^port on tiie means of providing 
-funds'. 

aSie cemtnfttee wereof opinioii HHtlt 
the Indian method of ittstmetion, wUh 
the British improvements, should be 
adopted in the bollege, and resolved ^at 
thesoeretMHefl^bedeeived'totMertrmiiAft 
-repon what teacfaewwill bffr tteMts«f)p» 
4wd carnibe procured for thellengalee tuit 
Bt^gliflh depivtnienie of the oolIeKe; a»- 
siMning the tiuBBAisr etvMtmw^ belOf. 

Vol. hi, T 



1S4 Literary and l^hiUwjjfhical TfddUgenee. . [F] 

The amount snbflcabed for the estabi- make what observations may occnr on 
li^hment of the Mipdk eoUj^, was only meteorolos^ and otlier departments of vor 
59^00 rupees on the 6th. tund philosophy. 



llie Horticoltnfal Society has proposed, 
that each member shall pay an immediate 
^ntiibation of 250 Sit. monthly- for the 
caftying into effect the preliminary ar- 
rangements, and a monthly contribution 

>Nautieal S^eirtffryf.— Captain Charles 

Court, the Hon. East India Company's 

^ai^e Surveyor in India, ha^transmitted 

to the Court of Directors (through the 

SnpMme Government of Bengal) two large 

diarti, one of whidi comprehends a sur- 

.▼ey «f the river Hooghly from Saugor 

Island to Chiasurah, on a large plane 

eoide projection of 40 parts to an inch, 

ami 1010 of Uiose parts, or fathoms, to a 

nantic mile. The other chart contains a 

Burv^ of the Reef, extending from Point 

Pabniraa and the adjacent coast, on the 

^•aae projection, but only half the scale of 

the former, or 505 of its parts to a mile. 

■ Uententmts Rosa and' Maughan, of the 

'Bombay Marine,«mpkiyed on a survey of 

4he China sea, have lately sent home a 

-Snrvev of Canton River irom Lan-geet 

IflAann to the Second Bar, which has been 

^Qgrated for the nae of the Comparer's 

aldps. 

The 3d chias of the Royal Institute of 
Scieooe, literature, and the Fine Arts at 
Amsterdam, haschosen as a correspondent 
A* Hamilton, Esq. Professor of Hindu 

, Literayture at Haileybury, 

Large enfuirmonic OrgatL^^MesnUp 
Flij^ and Bobson, of St. Martin's Lane, 
have completed a. large and fine oi^n for 
the East Indies, with compound stops, the 
first of such which has yet been made on 
theRev.H.liiston's patent plan; In which 
instrument separate pipes are provided 
^r every sound (nearly sixty in each oc- 
.Cave) , in all tha upper parts of the soale and 
ahaders for producing two or three sounds, 
{(differing by comma msjor) from the same 
pipe are only used in the larger ranges of 
I»ipe8, both for saving of room, and because 
It has been found by experience that in 
Jich lower parts of the scale the shaders 
#ct the best* In a short time Mr.. Listen 
{MOposes to commence a course of lectures 
on tbe musical scale, as now in nee by 
eingers, violiidsts, &c. illustrated by es- 
pfrimenlson all the ehonle iaua^«id 
% perfoonanoei on tiiia large organ* 

Captahi Freyelnet, of the Frencb naiy, 
ia M te pi^t of embartciBg at TonloB in 
the ponmtte Uranie,otta adentifie vny- 

jBift; thepfiacipalQtiiiectofwhidi iatiie 
detenoinition of theform of thnaonOem 



The power of the recently invented 
grand blowpipe, acting by a condensed 
mixture of oxygene and hydrogene gases, 
has ibeen exhibited by the lecturer 4it tlie 
Siirry Institution. Chemistry would in^ 
deed appear to have obtained analytic as* 
sistance of indefinite capacity. Platinum, 
and palladium which exists in it, were 
instantly fused. Magnesia, alumina, &c. 
burnt with indescribable brilliancy, and. 
a splendour rivalled only by the sun. A 
steel watch spring was fused, and even 
boiled. Part of a tobacco pipe was con- 
verted into glass. The diamond readily 
burnt. 

Among the efiects specified in the wHl 
of the late Sir Roger CUrtis, is mentioned 
a beantiful table, supposed to be made of 
the root of the nutmeg tree.' 

A working smith and farrier, of the 
name of Thomas, at Newport, in Mod* 
mouthshii-e, has invented and completed a 
^clock, upon an entirely new principle ; it 
goes for the space of 384 days by once 
winding up ; it has a pendant and vihrat* 
lug seconds ; the plates and wheels are 
of biuss, and the pinions are of cast stee^ ; 
the dial plate shews the minutes and s^^* 
conds. This ingenious pieoe of mechaniffln 
has hitherto performed its operations with 
the utmost correctness. 

The Pamphleteer, No. 1 7, January 1817, 
contains the following papers.^-I. De- 
fence of Economy, a^nst the late -Mr. 
Burke, by Jeremy Bentham, Esq. ^origi«' 
nal.)— 2. A Treatise ontxreyhounds, wSth 
observations on the Treatment and IMa* 
orders of them* By Sir R. Clayton, Bart.-^ 
3. Hmts for the Cultivationof the PeatBogs 
in Ireland, with a View to the Increase 
of Population, Security, and Public Happl- 
ness, especially in that part of the United 
Kingdom, in a letter to the Rev, T. MaU 
thus, (original.)-^. TPITOrENEA j 
or a brief outUne of the UniTersal 8yatem» 
by O. Field, Esq. (ori8^nal.)--5. Fortlier 
Observatiooa on the State of the JViiMmi 
—The maaB of Umpl^fMmi of LtUm^ 
•—The Sinking Fund and ite Ap^ttoation 
— Pai(9Mriim— ^tmeetion re<iul8iie to the 
Landed and Agrteakarai IneeieBts. B)r 
K, Preston, Esq. M, P,^-«^ ObeervatiiMB 
on the €tam9Lam9^ with propoeed atteni> 
tioBS for the Proteetion and lBcnMn#f 
Qame and the Deerease of CMmee. Af 
J. Chitty, Esq. Temple, Barrister at Law. 
^^ A Second Letlerto a Friend inline 
vooshire, on the firsaest ^'HviKsn el tlMf 

OMM^nr* By A* H. Holiprocth^ In* 
M. P.-.^i A Pte nMried for 



oodslderation, ibr im'^sedhig the' heoe^- 
•ity of the Poor Rittes^ by means of Cot- 
tage Acres and Farms, termed 'Leaven 
Farms j thus denominated from the in- 
tended benefits Ifkely to 'result fi^m its 
pervading the whole mass, (original.)^— 
9. Constitutional Aids— Progress of Tax- 
atlon> with a New Plan of Finance, By 
Stephen Pellet, M.D. (original.)— 10. In- 
quiry into the Causes and Remedies of the 
late and present scarcity and high price 
of IVoYisions, in a letter to Lord Spencer, 
ilated the 8th of November, 1800, with 
Observations on the distresse/t of Agri^ 
tulture and Commerce which have pre- 
vailed for tlie last three years. By Sir 
Gilbert Blane, Bart. F. R. S. Physician to 
the Prince Regent, (2d edition, printed 
exclusively in the Pamphleteer.) 



-LH^Art/ and PhSoiopMcdt infdltgetite* \i^ 

the Rei^, T^ R. Msflthus, Pirofessbr of ri!i^- 
to'ry and Political Economy in the IpSast* 
India College, Hertfordshire,' and late 
Fellow of Jesus College,^Cambridge. ^bi 
8vq. Price 3s. 6d. ' ,' . 

A complete' Course of Instfuctipn lii . 
the Elements of Fortification ; originally' 
intended for the Use of the Rpyai En- 
gineer Department. By Lfeut. Col. C. MT; 
Pasley, R. E. F. R. S. Author of an Eslfty 
on the Military Policy of Great Britain. 
Illustrated by Five Copper-plates, ai^d 
Five Hundrea Engravings in Wood. la - 
2 votl. 8vo. 

•Narrative of a Residence in Belgiuin^ 
during the Campaign of 1815, and of a 
Visit to the Field of Waterloo. By an 
Englishwoman. In 8vo. lOs. 6d. boards.^ 

The Journal of Science and the Arts*, 
edited at the Royal Inatitation. Number 
IV, Price 78. 6d. 

Scriptural Es8ay8,*adapted to the Holt- 
days of the Chnrch of Engiand: with 
Meditations on the prescribed Services«- 
2 vol. 12mo. 12s. boards.->^L)kewise ' 
may be had, written also by Mnl. 
West, — 1. Letters addressed to a Young- 
Man, on his First Entrance into Life. 
In 3 vol. 12mo. Fifth Edition, 11. Ir. * 
beardB.<*-2. Letters to a Young Lady. <' 
16 ^ VfA. 12mo. fourth EdHlon, 11. Ui 
boards. By the Author of Letters tot a 
Young Man, &c. 

A Tour through Belgiuifi, ffdlland, 
along the Rhine, and tlirough the North 
of FVance, in the Surtmerof 181(». In ' 
wliidi is given an account of the Civil and * 
Ecclesiastical Polity, and of the S^i^stem 
of Education of the Kingdom ef the Ne- 
theHands; with Remarks on the Fine 
Arts,' Commerce, and Manufactures; By 
James Mitchell, M. A. 8vo. 1^ boards. 

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m THE PRESS. 
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1817'.^ Literary and Ph^og^higal InieUigence* 

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187 



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SfinoonB by the Rev. John Martin, 



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The Fifth Part of Si« WilUawDHgdldft'B 
History of St. Paul's Cathedral,, withiiw* 
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above forty years Pastor of the Baptist . a. mmber ol additional coppw l^lAtesi 
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taken in ,shor» hand by Mr. T. Palmer,. 
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Mist Mant, Author of Caroline Lis- 
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An inquiry into the Efftcts of Spiritu- 
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FViCttlties of Man, and tfteir Influence up- 
on the happiness ©I Seoiety, wHi soen 
avpcsr. 

mieKcv. P. A. Ctft will soon pubBsh 
a work, on Female Scripture Blofraphv ; 
vrtth an Rssay, showing what<5in-istiaiity 
has done for Women : also a spcpnd edi- 
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lASb of Melancthon. 

M». Gilford's new- edition, of Juvenal 
win form two octavo volumeji, and is ex- 
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MiAo9«dGbyiM-Ud-DMii^aM»fW(^ble 
»HlrleBvncAldiBliitatttoC(fiMnlRi|i*M»ti»wt 



Lady Morgan has been for so^e tiin* 
arei4dMit in Fwnce for the pmrpqae of 
wdtjng a wx)iiB which. is . to : bare fsraw 
subject the present stale of Frew^^SooieUf 
in Its most general peint^f'tiewi. 

To be published in a f6w days, Apidns 
Redivivus; or, the Cook's Grade ; con- 
taining the Art of composing S^s, 
Sauces, and Flavouring Essences, which 
is made so clear atid easy by the 4«ajW 
of each article being acruratfely stated Uf 
weight and measure, that every «|«e may 

soon learn to dress a ^'nnt^ ?!^ «f SS 
mostexperienced cook , dJn>l^ed to eOO 

receipts, the result ofictu^ ^^S^^J?? 
instituted In the kitchen of a ^^^ 
for the purpo$e of compofsingactdj^ary 
codfe for the rational epicure, and^angment?- 
ing the ^itaentary eijbymetrt of private 
families- combining economy with ^ 
g^cej. saving expense to housekeeper?, 









( U8| 



CP4m. 



lilSSIONARY INTELLIGENCE. 



h^^eittng and Importafsi Letter of 
VAhhiDuboU. 

fOanehtded/rom page 74 J 

Bei^desy in order to make true con- 
verts among the Natires, it should be re- 
qttiied, before all, to extirpate to its last 
rootSy from the code of the Christian Re- 
ligion, the great leading precept of Cha- 
rltjr ; for, try to persuade an Indian Con- 
vert that the Christian Religion places all 
men on an equal footing in: the sight of 
God, our common Father ; that the be- 
ing bora in a high tribe, does authorize 
nobody to look with indifferenee or con- 
tempt upon the persons of a lower caste ; 
that even the exalted Brahmin, alter be- 
coming a large Christian, ought to look 
upon the humble Pariah as his brother, 
and be ready to bestow upon him all the 
marks of kindness and love in his power, 
and aAbrd him every aid and assistance 
within his reach ;— try to persuade even 
the vile Pariah, tliat, after becoming a 
Christian, he ought to renounce the child- 
ish distinction of Right and Left Hand, 
<m wh|eh he puts so much stress, and 
yjrlMk he considers as the characteristic 
of bin tribe ; endeavour to persuade him 
thitvain distinction of Right and Left 
Hand, proving an incessant source of quar- 
rels, fighting, and animosities, becomes 
on this account incompatible with the 
duties kaposed on him by the Christian 
Ileli{^, and ought to be disregarded and 
eotlnly laid aside;— try to prevail upon 
an Indian to forgive anoften-imaginaiydn- 
jury, such as should be that of being pub- 
licly apbraided with violating any of their 
'vam usages ;— your endeavours, your 
sermons, your lectures, your instructions 
OB such suliiects will be of no avail : no- 
body will listen to them ; and your con- 
verts will continue to be the slaves of their 
anticbiistian prejudices. 

Wkea their religious' instructors be- 
come too troublesome to them, by their 
importunate admonitions on such sub- 
jects, they often set themselves in a state 
6t insurrection against them, and bid 
then: defiance by threats of apostacy. 

Some among them are tolerably well in- 
fonned, and are acquainted with the du- 
' tics of a Christian ; but the by far greater 
number live in the gross^»st ignorance; 
and the religion of all reduces itself into 
some external practices, the recital of 
some forms of prayer, without any inter- 
nal or practical spirit of religion. Their 
dnadays are not, or are very badly, observ- * 
•dtgrthem: and, indeed^ aU their rdip 



gious exercises are either a mere routine, 
or are practised out of a kind of humao 
respect, or notlo be exposed by too mark* 
ed a negligence to the animadversions of 
their spiritual guides, rather than out ot 
a consciousness of diity towards God. 

In order to give you an idea of the rdi- 
glous dispositions of the Indians ; and as a 
strikini^ instance of what I have asserted 
above, that there was to be found among 
them but afaint phantom of Christianity^ 
without any real or practical fhith, I will, 
with shame, cite the following examples. 

When the late Tippoo Sultan sought to 
extend his own religion over his domi- 
nions, and make by little and little all the 
inhabitant? of Mysore converts to Isla- 
mism, he wished to begin this fanatical 
undertaking by the Native Christians liv- 
ing in this country, as the most odious ta 
him on account of their religion. ' In con«t: 
sequence, in the year 1784, he gave secret'' 
orders to his officers in the several parta 
of the country, to have all the Christian 
Families living in it seized on the samif 
day, and conducted, under strong escort 
to Seringapatam. This order was punc- 
tually carried into execution. Very few 
Christians escaped : and I know, from 
good authority, that the number of per- 
sons' of this description, so seized and ' 
carried to Seringapatam, amounted to; 
nearly sixty thousand men, women, and 
children. 

Some time after tbetr arrival, Tippoo . 
ordered the whole to undergo the ceremo- 
ny of circumcision,- and be made convert* 
to Mahomedanism. The ChristlaAs were ' 
put together, during the several days that 
this cetemony lasted; aAd—oh shame! 
oh scandal! will it be believed in the 
Christian World? oo one, not a single 
man; had courage enough to confess hit 
faith, in this trying circumstance, and be- 
come a martyr to his religion! The 
whole apostatized in mass, and underwent 
the operation of circumcision. No one^ 
amoag so many thousands, had faith and 
resolution enough to protest against ft — ^ 
to say, <* I am a Christian ! I will die, 
rather than forsake my religion." So ge- 
neral a defection, so dastardly an apos- 
tacy, is, I believe, unexampled in the an- 
nals of Chistianlty. 

After the fill of Tippoo, most of these 
apostates came to be reconciled, and abjure , 
Mahomedanism ; saying, that their apos- 
tacy had only been external, and that they 
always kept the truefsitb toChrist in their 
hearts. About SOQO- of thqn fell In my 
way. More than 20^000 went back to the v 



1817*:] 

Mi^fralore district, from whence they had 
|)een carried away thirty years hack ; and 
rehuilt there their former places of wor- 
ship. 

In the meanwhile, God preserve them 
in future from being expos^ to the same 



resoarce ; and are reduced to the sad jie-^ 
cessity of being fostered at home, under 
the tuition of a Heathen or a Pariah Conr 
cubine^ and servants of the same descrip** 
tion ; who instil into the minds of these 
children all the vices peculiar to them, and 



trial ! for, should it happen, there is every leave their rising passions without restraint 

reason, notwithstanding their laiit protes- or controul. 

tations, to apprehend the salue results ; ^ After this, we mast cease to be sur« 

that is to say, a tame submission, and a ge- prised at the baseness and dissolutenesi 

neral apostacy. which prevail among this class of Indians. 

I have yet said nothing of that class of They would not improperly be termed. 

Christians in India, generally known under the European Pariahs ; for, by the loosei* 



the denomination of Portuguese, and com- 
j^sed of half-castes, the illegitimate off- 
spring of Europeans. Topas, Metis, na- 
tive Pariahs, who put on a hat and Euro- 
pean dress ; &c. &c. As this class of in- 



ness of their manners and low behavioury 
they show themselves, among the Euro* 
peans, what the Pariahs are among the 
Indians. They, in general, live in dis« 
tressing circumstances, and most of them 



dividuals is within your reach, as well as considerably in debt. The causes of their 
within my own, you will be able to judge poverty are, the vices above mentioned ; 



of its merits from your own observa- 
tions. 

In my humble opinion, and so far as 
I can judge from my personal observa- 
tions, this class of Christians, composed 
l>oth of Catholics and Protestants, is, in 
general, the worst of all in India ; and^ 
in their religious concern^ in their mo- 
rals and manners, still below the Native 
Christians: for the latter exhibit at least 
4ome external marks of Christianity, and 
keep a certain external Christian decorum, 

flmost entirely disregarded by the former. 
t has been remarked, I apprehend with 
truth, by many impartial observers, 
that this class of people possessed all the 
vices and bad qualities both of Europeans 
jtnd Natiines, without any of the good qua- 
lities of either ; and that, amply stored 
Idth the laziness, apathy, and indo- 
lence of the Natives, they, on the other 



to which must be added, a want of fore- 
sight, a love of show, and a spirit of pro- 
fiision common to all. 

With persons of such dispositions, I an 
at a loss, indeed, to suggest any practicalile ^ 
means fur improving their morals, and ln»* 
stilling into tiieir minds religious prinoi* 
pies* I should be happy to contrilfute my 
share in your truly praise^worthy design^ 
in having circulated among thosej wi£ia 
my range the Bibles which you would he 
so good as to send me ^ the pjirpoie; 
but, at the same time, I could not an«> 
swer that such books would prove ^ocept^ 
able to persons very little disposed U^pe* ' 
ruse them, and sti^l less qualified to under* 
stand them ; and the greater number of 
whom would give half a doteil of Bibles 
for a bottle of Pariah Arrack. 

By the way, I beg leave to obienref 
that among the Indian Christians, ekker 



-iiand, were quite destitute of that spirit of Portuguese, Half-Castes, or Nattvtw, who 



temperance and sobriety, of that self-conir 
mand, of that dignity and independence of 
mind,. and other virtues, which charac- 
terize the Europeans. They appear to 
have adopted the looseness of manners, 
end the disregard of every sense of honour 
common to the Indian Pariahs, on the 
49ne side ; and all ,the lewdness, intemr 
petaece, ribaUry, riot, revelling, and 
other vices of the lowest ranks among the 
Beropeans, on the other. 

The sonroe of such a depravity among 
this class of subjects is, a bad education, 
iind bad company. In faet, most of them 
ere bom of Pagan, a Moor, or a Pariah 
fftioMD, or of a common prostitute ; un^ 
der whose fostering care they are left to 



all generally live in the grossest ignorance 
of religion, and the greater number of 
whom are not acquainted, or but inqiei^ 
fectly, even with the fondunental troths of 
Christianity, it i8notsomuchBibJiet,a8efai* 
mentary works on religion, that are wMt- 
ing ; such as. Catechisms,, short fomaUer 
instructi0ns,plain explanations of theCreed 
.and of the Ten Commandments-, aim|de 
lectures upon Christian Duties, upon the 
principal virtues, upon charity, upon tei»* 
perance, &c. &c. ftc After having pre- 
pared their minds by such elementary re- 
ligious Tracts circulated among theii|> the 
reading of the Bible should be reooa^ 
mended, would become inteUigibtef and 
could not fail to become advaata0eous to 



the age of twelve or fifteen years. If a them ; but if, without previous pr^aratiea 
•mall proportion of them are sent to any you begin all at once to exhibit to theur iin* 
of the Sdiools under the protection of couth &ud ignorant minds the naked teit 



gonremment,^ where care is taken to give 
them a religious education, a gi'eat many 

to these Schools after their morals have 
already corrupted by the early educa- 

mof Pariah Parents or Heathen Servants. 




of the Bible, you will, in my humlile 
opinion, derive very little advantage from 
doing so ; no more, indeed, thanby shew- 
ing light, to a dim<4ighted person, befoie 
yott remove tiie causes which preyeat h|a 



tbs gieater nninb^ cannot have tiut fiival brgaos from seeing clear. 



yoo !«vin perceive 'that all dassee of In^ 
diaaa lUTist be dealt -with ae >ineye chll- 
7li«n. in matters of reHgion. They<m«it 
lie fed with milk of tibe lightest khid. If 
yon hazard to give them at onoe eolid 
^fbod, their weak titomaah, nmkble 'to di- 
gest it, ^ill vomit the whole $ and their 
Irottstttutibn, instead of being impreveci 
^by this meaos, will, on thecenlrary, be 
xleteriorated, and entirely rained by the 
often-repeated • experiment. 

M^n 1 have said that that chiasof In* 
Ofan Chriatlanfi designated under the gene- 
ral name of Portngoese, we»e the worst 
«f aU> I wish It to be tindei-stood, that I 
urn only peaking of the minority among 
them; and this cenanre admits of a great 
tqany exceptions. Indeed, a great many 
are to be found among them, wlioseariiid 
tias been eartycuHivated by a good educa- 
ti^on, and who diatingillsh theomelves very 
advantageously in sodetylrom the others, 
\if their morals, thedr manners, and their 
■ general deportxnent ; seme by their gen>- 
tleman-^lifce behaviour. But, even 4n 
linsse, you will alvrays dieeover something 
Tndbin: they can never entirely divest; 
themselves oftliatiipathy, that indoienee^ 
'which seem to be thelot of all the people 
1!)om trader a vertical sun ; and, inspke'Of 
ihe'endeavours tcr imitate theBuropeaos in 
lerexy point, somethfi^ is always aeen hi 
them, by discovcHng-thelr orighi, and )ub- 
tfftes'the saying of Horace : — 

VaUtmm expellas furc^ tamen usque recurret. 

YotwittaHa, by the picturejaat dnamai 
of the low Btioa df ^iriatianity in India, 
^w trying mwt be the jnofesaion of a 
nMonaryiatbiB country; and to how 
VMViy iknigera lie iacotpoBedy huhe eseroifle 
t0f lite'piofMilBnal ^titiea ameog anch « 
people : and-yaa will also* I. believe, agnie 
iM^imo, that, ofiaUq^esaioni^ jdiia is 
4he moat diagiwliiig and .moat anpsofitc 
•oMe; and that it vequiiw mote than an 
•oi^ary ataaieof waolntion and ceaiage^ 
t» pmcipeveln.lt to the last. 

^niealiortaketch Whlcbl hairedrawn will 
%estAolent,i thiiik, tocnaMeyMrto'judge, 
tiort -only of the low state of ehriatinnlty In 
thla eomnry, bat also of Its inadequate 
lijlluenee on the viinds of thoee who pro* 
tbs^lt. 1 am neverthiiitleM far from thinks 
)ttg, •fhat. In smih cireumstanoea and wlfh 
pemms of sndi ^ist^esHions, ehristianity 
» oftno «fail 8t dll. ^he«dd It produce 
tio other dfect'than4fa«t'df fldtogelher'tfe*. 
tadiing ao many 'ttiotBNtod natives finm 
the wor^hlp^df Idote, and' the atboulnable 
^(ind^oT iMatry prevaHHig-Ull over lo^ 
lo hiculoate Into thehr minda -evtn the 
inereIy*bnTen'kBowledge of only oiie<r«e 
Ood, and that of Ids Son «ur bIflMad 
I^ordand -ceiMtfon l>e de cmii r ; ^t|lia-ikloM 
owdit, itt ifly opinion, to be 4om6 %lnn 
sufidflot to lead «i lO'wMh tei mMm 



eneouTagelti dflKttion, by all pi' acti e sW e 
means. 

I am stin -farther from admitting the 
bold opinion of many prejudiced or very 
in-informed Europeans, who contend that 
iEhe Native Chtistittns are the worst of ail 
Indians. Such an assertion aecms to me 
to savour somewhat of blasphemt ; aince, 
should it be the fact, it would tend to 
nothing' less than to prove that the Christ- 
tian reii^ou, so far from improving the 
condition of men, renders them worse 
than Pngans. 'fliat, on account of th6 
particular prejudices under which all the 
natives of India labonr, it has but a very 
inadequate influence on their morals, 
manners, and general behaviour, will ap^ 
pear by what I have already stated : -but 
that it leoders them wonse than the wor- 
shippers of idols, is, in my opinion, an 
-imtenable paradox, contradicted by ex- 
perience ; and will be, I trust, disowned 
by eveiy candid and impartial observer op 
the subject. That the by fhr greaternum- 
her have nothing of a Christian bat the 
•name, and that if not worse are yet not 
tmoch better than Pagans, I am reluctant- 
*}y forced to admit : but, at the same time, 
I must say, in justice to truth, that I am 
acquainted with ^many among them, who, 
though not quite 'free from the Indian 
prejudices, are, in their morals, manners, 
prob!ty,aad general behavionr, irreproaclr- 
«b1e men, and enjoy the confidence even 
of the Indian pagans ; and into whose 
hands I should not hesitate to eatrustiny 
own interests. 

I win refrain entering into details m 
the low stale of Christidnity among the 
£nropeans living in this country. Tlif^ 
part of the subject is your province^ ra- 
ther than mine. I will content myself 
with saying, that, if their public and' na^ 
tional virtues are a eubject of praise anA 
udmiratlon to all the castes of Indians', 
their domestic vices and manners are a 
«ubfect of the greatest ccmtempt and ^Hs- 
gn9t. On the other hand, thebanrfacet 
■immorality and baid examples openly -ex- 
hibited -by many among them^ are not 
the least of the many obstacles «th«t op*, 
pose cfacdlffimion of their religion in In- 
dia, by increasing the prejudices iff the 
notWes against it, and rendering it parti- 
<ealnrty odious to them, when they see H^ 
'precepts so badly observed by those.wim 
were educated -in its'bosora. 

'Uhfortanateiy, the sanie cauMs powep* 
Wly operate on the -nrinds df tlie'Ohrh<- 
tiin mrtSves themselves ; and,'by9tigger«' 
lag their wsfverlng faith, dally eacttdo^ 
^e- a post a cy of a great nuniber. 

I have the honrntrto lemain wftfa f<e« 
giHI, nydear^lir, 

iinir s very owuuemys 
J. A. OUBOfiS, Jff wouiu f y. 

15VII x^o^t 4!vl5« 



DEBATE AT THE EAST INDIA HOUSE. 



Ea»t fndia Hmtse, Dee, 18, 1816. 

A quarterly general court of pro- 
jwleiors of East India Stock was this' day 
held at the Company's House, in Leaden- 
hall Street, for tliq purpose of declaring a 
dividend from Midsummtr to Christmas 
next, and for the consideration of vari- 
ous special matters. 

The minutes of the last g^eneral court, 
(comprising the resolution of the court of 
directors rchitive to the grant of medals' 
and badges of honour to the army lately 
engaged in the Nepal ^ar) having been 
read — 

Mr. Jackson rose to say, that after the 
orders of the day were disposed of, be 
iliould give notice of a motion respecting 
the paper just read, on the subject of the 
honours intended to be conferred on the 
army now in India. 

The Chairman (Thos. Reid, Esq.) said, 
the executive body were anxious, on a fu- 
ture day, to learn the sentiments of the 
court of proprietors on that subject. 

HALF YBAE'd DIYIUSNO. 

The Chairman 'X\\m\ stated, that the 
court of directors had agreed to a dividend 
on the capital stock of the Company, for 
the half-year' c'ommeuciug on the 6t!i of 
July hist, and ending on the 5th of Janu^ 
ary next. The re^lution agreed to by the 
Court of Directors was read bytfee proper 
offlfer, as follows :•— • 

/* At a court of directors, held on 
Tuesday, the 17tU of December, 1816, it 
was resolved unanimously, in pursuance 
of the Act of the 33d of His Majesty, cap. 
55. that a dividend of 5| per cent, should 
be declared on the capital stock of the 
Coaipany, for the half-year commencing 
ou the 5tli of July last, and ending on the 
5th of January next." 

The Chairman mavqd-- << That the 
ooart do approve aad condrm the said 
retolatioi]." . 

Mr. Lowtif/es begged Utave to ask,' 
whether the interest of the unclaimed 
dividends \vas used in support .of: tfie ways 
and means of tiiaehoHse^topayttW regu^- 
lar dividends ? Beqause, if; that were the 
case, 3 strong. temptatiim was held out to. 
defraud widQw^andorphaBS, who. had not 
an opportunity i>f claiming thetr arrears 
themselves, and whose interests miglit be> 
OMifided to dishonest reprefiontatives. in 
aa instance that occurred to himself twelve 
feacs and a half had elapiwd before be re- 
ceived his dividend. Though, wiieu bc» 
oatoc^ to the lartia House, be invariably 
asked for aii the 4ividefld9 belonging to 
him^ What could possibly • be moie cct - 
plicit than the word ali ? He mnaigo to 



school again, if, when applied as he liad 
stated, it did not mean evtry dividend 
due to him. He would take his oath, 
that he had always thus expressed himself; 
and, having done so, he thought it was 
most dishonourable to have retained the 
dividend so long. Many persons, it shool4 
be recollected, could not demand thehr 
dividends for a considerable time, becaiisv 
it was not in their power to come from 
the eountry. What did the Company pay 
clerks for, unlets to give proper informft» 
tlon to the proprietors, and to hand over 
to them that which was their d ue ? A mora 
dishonourable act had not been done by 
the Company for many years, than this 
withholding of the uocluimed dividends. 
Who, he asked, was the gentleman that 
fingered the interest of them ? Was h^ 
one of the Company, or one of those over- 
grown servants, who could build palaces 
and ride in his coach>and--six, while tha 
poor proprietors were obligiHl to go on foot? 
When-, some years ago, they were said to 
be on the eve of bankruptcy, he had not 
heard of any proposition to make use ol 
this^ fund. No, it was left for individuals 
to fatten on. It was a disgrace that the 
servants of the Company should he allowed 
to riot on the little means of the wido\^ 
and the orphan. He was sure, that, foe 
one maU proprietor, there were three; 
female ; and, were they to sutler any of 
their servants to take the money from the 
pocket of the helpless widow ? ** I again,'* 
said Mr. Lowndes, ** ask of the Chais^ 
man, who receives the benefit of the un*» 
claimed dividends ?" 

The Chairman, — '* In, answer to the 
hon. proprietor's question,! must say, 
that no advantage is derived by any of tho 
Company's ofiloers from the unclaime<l 
dividends. They remain in the coffers of 
the Company, and are so fur useful Dx 
their funds ; but there is always a largti 
reserve, to meet any demands that may bo 
made on them. No advantage accrues, ob 
aan accrue from them, to any individual*'* 

Mr. Lowndes rejoined.— In that c<'ise« 
he contended, .a great temptation waa 
heldouttotheCompauy to act dii^houestly;. 
and he tnuted, if an act of oblivion was 
passed, as to what had been done, that, 
tliey would, in future, hear of no mora, 
unclaimed dividends i or? i^ ^^^^^ yf^^^ 
any* that a list of them should be pub- 
lished regularly^ • for the information ol 
the public, and particularly of individiv« 
als who rasided in Scotland and Uelaud. 
Wheii.hemad«.th^e remarks, ho m^ant 
not to speak, merely of vhis Company, but 
of every company. He knew nothing that 
could be more dishonourably than' the. 
keeping from iiint audothei:^ that which; 



142 Debaie at the Ead India House, C^'^. 

they were entitled to, and, at the same two or three hours, in these terms, " O, 
time^ the giving enormous salaries to over- Sir, there is a dividend due to you, which 
grown servants. He should say no more you have not claimed for five or six yeSvs," 
on the present occasion ; but, before he he thought he looked for too much. But 
sat down, be calleii on the Chairman to he was perfectly convinced, if any indi- 
give his promise, that a list of the un- vidual or his representative, could prove a 
claimed dividends should, hereafter, be title to a dividend, which they had not 
published every year or two^ for the bene- received for three or four years, they 
fit of the proprietors. would have a right to demand it, and. 

The Chuirman, — *' I cannot make such without doubt, their demand would be 
a promise. No advantage is derived by complied with. The unclaimed dividends 
any individual from the unclaimed divi- were in the (Company's coffers, but they 
dends, though the hon. proprietor seems were not in a state of sequestration, 
to dwell very strongly on that point. I Mr. Lowndes observed, that in twelve 
musfagain state distinctly, that none of years and a half, in ordinary times, the 
the Company's officers receive benefits of interest of money would almost equal the 
the nature he has alluded to. Perhaps it principal. But, considering the extreme 
would be better if questions of this kind scarcity of money during the last twelve 
were not taken up so hastily.** years and a half, and its consequent io- 

Mr. Lowndes could see no reason why crease in value, it was not too much (o 
even the general body should derive any say, that a sum of money, put out at in- 
benefit from the property of individuals, terest, would have nearly doubled itself. 
What, he demanded, was the amount of Could the learned gentleman say, that the 
the unclaimed dividends .> If the pro- Company were right — ^that they acted cor- 
prietors knew that, they could then judge rectly — ^when they had been so many 
of the advantage which the Company had years without declaring the unclaimed 
received from those dividends. Did they dividends ? If they were not declared 
Amount to half a million of money ?. ''I during a period of twelve years and a half, 
«sk you. Sir, what is the amount of the was. it not a dishonest act ? Did they 
unclaimed dividends ?— > You surely must not get almost the amount of the princi- 
know what It is." pal money, in interest ? The existing 

The CAflir«irffi.*—"nie hon. proprietor list went back to the year 1792. Since 
has no right to ask me particular ques- that time, the Company bad received more 
tioiis. If a motion be made on the 8<ib- than the principal, by the accumulating 
ject, and acceded to by the proprietors, interest of the money, it was highly de« 
iji course every information will be given." sirable, that the proprietors should know 
Mr. Lowndes. — '* Then I shall move, in what waMue to them. They did not all 
due order, for the amount of the unclaim- reside in London ; and, every three or four 
ed dividends. I say it is a fraudulent years at most, a list ought to be published, 
transaction. I asked for*«// my dividends Mr. It, Jackson said, the character of 
when T came to the East India House, but this question ought to be understood ; for, 
I did^not get them. One dividend was go- if it made its way into the public papers, 
Ing on for twelve years and a half before it might seem that some fiuud was com- 
I received it." mitted, unless an explanation acoon>- 

' Mr. R, Jackson said, he should be ex- paiiied it. He now understood the hon. 
tremely sorry, if any undue impression proprietor to say, the Company oug^t not 
should go fibroad on this subject. He did only to pay the unclaimed dividend standing 
liot object to the hun. proprietor's mak- in his name, and which he forgot to claim 
Ing an inquiry relative to the unclaimed some years sinee, but tliat he should also 
diridends. He thought the act in itself receive fntfrmediate interest upon his negh 
was highly meritorious ; and, he con- lected claim. Now he (Mr. R. Jackson) 
ceived, that the publication of a list was of opinion, that those who neglected 
would be useful, as it would enable tochumtheirdivldeiidSy ought to lose tbt 
individuals to recover what belonged intevest, asoneof theimins andpenal^et 
to them. While dividends remained of their neglect. What right had any 
unclaimed, however, he could see no im« man to say to the Company, ^* Y<m must 
propriety in using them, in aid of thehr allow me ifitertst on my dividends/' 
ntnds. But, he was sure, if the repre* when no hargainy no oompaety was cier 
aentative of any person could shew, that, entered into befwwn the perCiet to tlutt 
through some error a dividend had not effect ? 

been calleS for during a considerable time, Mr. Lowndei wished to eonirince Iha 
and that j^O or ^100 were due ftom the learned gentleman, that If the Cuapusf 
Company's ftmds, proper attention would Detained the Interest nf the nndanned 
be paid to their statement, and they would dividendsfor aereral yemrs^ It waamtfttt nib> 
have a right to demand the son. If, jost ; and therefiife a list shooid fee pnb- 
ftiowevcr, the boa. proprietor expected llshed every three or fenr fcifs. 
thdt nfpj gentleman who csaied at the Tlie motion for the dMdHMl ww tint 
India HbusewMtolieadittonishM by tlie agreed to. 
derk^ titer lookfag orer lift fa^kl.for The CA«fn«0fi.^'' l^^ mutpt 



181T.3 

tbe court, and particularly the lion, pro- 
prietor who has last spoken, that the 
diTid^nds will be paid on the 7th of Janu- 
ary next." 

ACCOUNT OF THE COMPANY'S AFFAIRS. 

The Chairman laid before the court the 
account of the Company's affairs, made up 
to the 30th of April last. 

Mr. Hume inquired whether the account 
was made up, both in England and India, 
to that period ? 

Tlie Chairmah,'^^^ It could not he 
made up to the 30th of April in India." 

Mr. ^umf.— "Was it not intended, 
that it should be made up to the same 
time in both countries ?" 



Deiaie at the East India Bou$^, 149 

(Mr. Smith) understood the answer giren 
to his application was, that he had been 
too long in England, lliat was the reason 
assigned for refusing him permission tp 
return. Yet that permission was granted 
to Mr. Templer, whose absence from 
India was much longer. 

Mr. Lowndes was surprised at this dis- 
tinction. He could not conceive why 
such a difference should be ** 'twixt 
tweedle-dum and tweedle-dee." It cer- 
taioly struck him, that, if no other rea- 
son or impediment operated against his 
return, his having twenty children, so far 
from militating against his claim, was a 
strong argument in his favour. 

Mr. ffume said, he was very glad the 



The Chairman,^** It is drawn np mere- jjon. proprietor had put the question he 



ly in compliance with the form specified 
in the by-law." 

Mr. Botanquet (a director).— "'ITie 
account is made up to the 1st of May, 
1815, in India." 

MR. GEORGE TEMFLBR. 

T^ Chairman acquainted the court, 
that the court of directors had agreed to 
a resolution, permitting Mr. George Tem- 
pfer, late of the Ben^^ ciWl establish- 
ment, to return with his rank to India. 

The resolution was then read as fol- 
lows t— 

*' At a court of directors, held on Wed- 
nesday the 9th October, 1816. 

''On reading a report from the com- 
mittee of correspondence, dated the 2d 
and 9th instant, viz. 

<< Retolved^ That for the reasonstherein 



had done to the Chairman. He (Mr. 
Hume) intended to put two or three 
others, for the purpose of learning some 
important particulars connected with Mr. 
Tempter's case. He had never heard thai 
gentleman's name, till a few days before, 
and was totally unacquainted with hit 
history. What he wanted to know was 
—how long he had served in India? — ^to 
what establishment he belonged ?— how 
long he had returned to England ?— and 
how old he nowjwas ? When these questions 
were answered, it would enable the couirt 
to come to a just determination. They 
would then be able to judge what hit 
elaims oh the semce were ; whether he 
was going out to India as a mere pensioner, 
or as an efficient servant. It was not per- 
haps,, generally known, that every geiv- 
tleman who went out to India, whatever 



stated, Mr. George Templer, late a seni- his rank might be in the civil service, re- 
or merchant on the Bengal establishment, chived, on landing, a certain annuity, 
be recommended to the general court for whether he was employed or not. He 
their concurrence in his return to Bengal, therefore wished it to be known whethei 
with his rank in the Ck)mpany'8 service, Mr. Templer's age, his knowledge of tht 
agreeably to the provisions of the act of Ck>mpany's affairs, and a variety of other 
the 33d Geo. 3d, cap. 52, sec. 70, also the circumstances, would admit of the Cont- 
act of the 53d Geo. 3d, cap. 155, which pany's employing him, if he were allowed 

to return to India. By the provisions of 
the last act of Parliament, he could onJy 
take rank next to those who had been 
the same number of years as himself in 
India. He might, therefore, be (rfaced 
under the control of those who were 
mere boys compared with him — and th^l 
circumstance ^ne would probably pre- 
vent his being employed. If tihe inten- 
tion were to pension Mr. Templer, by 
sending him out to India, he recemmendh. 
ed the court to make a provision for him 
in this country, instead of burdening 
their establishments abroad. 

The Chairman-^** I beg leave to ob- 
sepe that I do not know Mr. Templer 
myself. He- is, as I understand from the 



provides that no civil servant returning 
to India, shall take any higher rank than 
he held when he left that country." 

I'he Chairman moved, ** That Ihecourt 
do approve and aonfirm the said resoln- 
tion," 

Mr. K. Smith asked, how long Mr. 
Tempter had been at home 3 

The Chairman answered, tHat he haid 
been thirty years in England. 

Mr.ilT. SmtM called the attention.of the 
ooort to the case of another gentleman, 
who had applied for leave to return to 
India, and was refused, 't'hat gentleman 
bad A wife and tweijity children fa iaughj, 
it was a very seiiouiB Bubject. The gen* 
tkman bad remained for twenty- tw9 years 



in England— apd he then asked leave of best authority, a man of very high cha^ 

the fioort of directors to return, with his ^ racter, and has been visited by a series, of 

wife wad twenty children, to Indian his ^unforeseen and -unmerited misfortunes. 

foftiin»«ot being tylj^ent to enable hm His services are stated in the ^port pf 

to lite comfoii^ably m this ooiiiitty. He the conuniitee of correq^deaofl^ on 



ibehate at the East Iftdia House. 



I44t Debate at the East India House, fifiSB, 

n^ich the resolution of the court of di- go out to India, the case of an indivi'daal 

rectors is founded." who had been only twenty-two years in 

The clerk then read the following ex- this country, and who had twenty chil- 



tract from the report : — 

" Mr. Templer went to India in 1773, 
and returned to England in 1786. His 
services were highly meritorious, particu- 
larly when he acted as a member of the 
grain committee, in 1784 — a period when 



dren alive, ought to receive some consi- 
deration from the court. 

Mr. B. Jdckson said> this was a ques* 
tiou of very great importance ; and the 
present was one of the many times in 
which he had expressed his opinion, that 



the country was suffering under the strong- concessions of this kind should be allow- 



cst apprehensions of famine. For his ex- 
ertions on that important occasion, he 
received the thanks of the Govemor-gene- 
ral, the right hon. Warren Hastings. He 
came to England on account of the health 
of his father, and domestic circumstances 
prevented hi^s return to India. He here 



ed only in extreme cas^s. It was quite 
impossible for any man to return to India, 
after a Jong residence in this country, 
without, in some degree or other, affect- 
ing tiie interest of those who had remain- 
ed there for a sei-ies of years, in the due 
course of employment, and who had. 



embarked- a property of iP50,000 in a therefore, a right to expect promotion. 



'banking-house, which was unfortunate 
—•although not a single creditor of the 
house was injured, every demand having 
been honourably discharged. The court 
(rtiould have a strong case made out, be- 
fore they permitted an individual to re- 
' turn to India, after such a lapse of time ; 
l)ut the committee were of opinix)n that 
'the present was worthy of recommenda- 
tion to the court of proprietors." 

Mr. Hume. — ** Am I to understand that 
Mr. Templer went out in 1773 and re- 
turned in 1786?" 

The Chairman-^'* Yes, Sir." 

Mr. ffume-^'* What is Mr. Tempter's 
age?" 
• The Chairman—*' I am told 61." 

The hon. fT. F, Elphinstone said, the 
executive body brought the case of Mr. 
Templer before the proprietors, deeply 
'impressed with his merits, andsyropathi- 
dng sincerely in his misfortunes. He 
willingly put his hand to the report ; and, 
ts a proprietor, he would cheerfully affix 
his signature to it again, if it were neces- 
sary. Mr. Templer had been very unfor- 
tunate ; and his misfortunes were to be 
commiserated the more, because through 
life he had acted with undeviating honour 
Inid integrity. He did not thiilk any man 
had a stronger claim on the protection 



If, by seniority, persons who thus went 
out could not immediately arrive at high 
situations, yet would not the idea that 
they had favour, and regard, and patro- 
nage, in this country, recommend them 
to officea, which individuals long resident 
in India, but perhaps; wanting such rnte- 
rest, did not possess the means of obtain- 
ing ? Such permissions should, therefore, 
be granted with great caution, and only 
in extreme cases. His hon. friend (Mr. 
Elphinst^e) had not removed one of his 
objectioi^ He had only said, that he 
listened to the dictates, and obeyed the 
impulse of his feelings, as a proprietor, 
and not as a director. Now, the court 
expected counsel and assistance from the 
executive body — they expected to hear 
them sanction recommendations like the 
present, on the ground tliat such sanc- 
tion arose from a view of all the circum- 
stances of the case. He, therefore, ob- 
jected to any director standing up, and 
saying, (though possessed of complete 
and perfect knowledge on the subject) 
** I will not give you counsel, but yon 
may take my sympathies,** He looked 
for sound counsel, not for an expression 
of feeling. In this instance, he did not 
doubt but there was great reason for 
sending out Mr. Templer. He did not 



' and approbation of the court, than he had. know that gentleman ; but he understood 

Mr. K, Smith said, the othei* gentleman from those who did, thtit he was a most 

badmemorializedthe court of directors for respectable and honourable IndividuaK 

leave to return to India. He had himself This, doubtless, weighed much with the 

■ read that memorial. Now what was» the court of directors ;— but he agreed in the 

conduct pursued towards him ? He was sentiment of his hon. friend (Mr. Hume) 

told, that having been at home for twenty- that it would be better for them to in- 

two years, he could not be suffered to re- dulge their sympathies, by granting him 



torn— although he sought to go out, in 
order to provide for his numerous fiamily. 
Why then should an individual, who had 
been'thirty years in England, receive the 
sanction of the directors, and have his 



a provision here, instead of sending him 
to India, at an advanced period of life. 
With respect to the other case, mention- 
ed by the hon. proprietor, it was not be- 
fore the court. Very good reasons might 



case recommended to the court of pro- have existed, for refusing permission to 
.'prietors ? He had no objection, however, that gentleman to proceed to India, al- 
to Mr. Templer's going to Iniia. • He thou^i they did not now appear. Many 
.fHTonldvoteforlt. Bnt hethoaght, when circnmstances were to . be considered, 
a gentleman, who had been- so many years *wben appHcatiobs of thia kind were made, 
in Boglaiidj was aboat td be permitted to Hie extent of the individai^B serfieea— • 



leiV.n 



JDebate at the East India Home. 



145 



the character he had maintained in India 
-^^he character he had supported here — 
the cause of his misfortunes — whether 
produced hy his own misconduct, or hy 
the inevitable and awful decree of prori- 
dence, which frequently deprived the most 
▼irtuous of the means of subsistence. 
Under every view of the subject, he strong- 
ly recommended, that only in extreme 
cases gentlemen should be permitted to 
return. At the same time God forbid 
that he should shut the door on sympathe- 
tic feeling ; or that he should be supposed, 
to harbour such a desire. Far were such 
sordid and reprehensible ideas from his 
breast. He had always, and ever should, 
ehtrish sentiments of a more humane 
and liberal description. With respect to 
the gentleman mentioned by his hon. 
friend, in his opinion, the best thing he 
could do would be, to solicit the interest 
of the hidieSf who might petition the 
tourt of directors, that he, his wife, and 
his twenty children, should be permitted 
to go out to India. — (A UughJ — ^The 
directors, he was sure, were too gallant 
•to refuse any request coming from the 
fsAT sex. The question would then go to 
a ballot, at which none hut ladies should 
be suffered to vote.— f># laugh.) — If this 
-course were pursued, it could not be 
doubted, that the gentleman would be 
plaoed in a state of comfort and affluence 
for the remainder of his life. 

Mr. Lowndeg said, the learned gentle- 
man who had last spoken, very properly 
noticed the statement of the hon. direc- 
tor, who had got up and informed the 
oourt that he acted from a principle of 
9ympathp, Now it astofusbed him, that 
the sympathy o( tbe hon. director had 
•not been awakened by tbe case of a man 
who had a wife and twenty children to 
provide for. It seemed to him, thai the 
court of directors acted like overseen of 
the poor, in the case represented, and re- 
fused to let him return to India, with his 
twenty children, for fear of overburdening 
their parish. He was aware of the great 
respectability and higli honour of Mr. 
Templer— bat, if it cauie to a question of 
sympathy, he thought the feelings ought 
to be more strongly affected by the dis- 
tresses of twenty^two people, than by the 
misfortunes of one. Nor should it be for- 
gotten, that, of those twenty-two, many 
perhaps were too young to do any thing 
for themselves. If, therefore, Mr. Tem- 
pler were allowed to go out to India, it 
followed, as amatter of course, that the 
other gentleman should proceed with a 
prosperous gale after him. In many tn- 
-Btances, perhaps, it would be better to 
grant a pension in this eoimtry, than to 
send a gentleman to India. But here was 
A proof of lavish expenditure, as he co^ 
lected from the speech of the hon. pro- 
priety (Mr. Hnine)« If a genUeman 



staid thirty years from India, he received' 
a stipend for every one of those years. 

Mr. Hume--** Nb, no." 

Mr. Lowndet'-^*' I understood yoa to 
say so." 4^ 

Mr. Hume — '* The moment a gentle- 
man leaves India, he resigns his pension." 

The hon. ff^, F, Elphinsione said, tha 
learned gentleman had censured him, be« 
cause he fhiled in giving counsel to the 
court. If the subject required counsel 
he would have offered it — he would hav* 
given the best advice in his power to ena- 
ble them to decide correctly. But no 
counsel was called for in this case. • The 
whole of the drcnmstanoes were before 
the court — and men's feeling, rather thaor 
their judgment, must prompt them, when 
an honest man, suffering under severe 
misfortune, called on them for rdief. It 
was an appeal that came home to the 
feelings and bosoms of all men. The 
most Nourishing, the most prosperous 
amongst them could not guard against re< 
verses. Those who now had the bright- 
est views, tlie most pleasing prospects, 
did not know but they might meet the 
same change of fortune. Those wlio 
were at present the most happy amongst 
them, who looked forward to years of 
ease, comfort, and affluence, niigfac, 
hy a sudden turn of the wheel, he Irarled 
from their eminence, and reduced to the 
same state in which Mr, Templer was 
placed. No counsel was to he expected 
in such a case. A phdn statement ww 
laid before the proprietors, and, he eoo- 
ceived, nothing mote was necesaar^r. 

Mr. Hume stated, that notwithstanriiBg 
theobservations which had been made, and 
the explanations that had been given, still 
the doubts that struck his mind respects 
ing this case were not removed. By the 
9i6t of the leipslature, it was most dear, 
that some degree of restraint, some Itmll 
was intended, with reference to tbe powet 
exercised by the court of directets, in rr- 
oommending persons to return to India. 
It was not directly mentioned in the aei 
—but, at the time it was passed, be was 
eoirrinced, if the legislature had imagined 
that persons would be saflered to return 
to India, after an absence of so many 
years as had elapsed in the present case, 
a limited period beyond which individuals 
would be- ineligible to go bock, would 
have been inserted in the statute. He r&> 
quested the proprietors would consider 
this case, and the ooosequenees thai 
migfat arise from it, with that prudcooe 
and caution which it deserred« After al- 
lowing this gentleman to go back, awrely 
on aoeoont of syrapocby, without any 
other reasoii being stated, no man coeld 
ever in future hold up his hand in that 
court afpainst any apptication that nsight 
be bfonglit forward. It would at •length 
.4Mnoe to this, that, if an indifidail ted 



t16 



DehOe m ike Sad India Bntie. 



interest behind the bar, he would be flore 
to suooeed.— (t7fi«t of no! no I) An in- 
stance of that nature had jost been stated, 
whidi no person had contradicted. It 
was the case of pk individnal, suffering 
more perhaps than Mr.Templer, to whom 
permission had been refused. How then- 
•ottld he vote for this motion, if he wish- 
ed to act impartially, as that court always 
ought to do ? he reterenoed sympathy for 
the misfoltunes of others, and he trusted 
also that he fdt it, as much asany man in 
that court«-but he would never suffer his 
Idlings to make him act unjustly or par- 
tially. What were they now cidled upon 
to do ?— to restore a gentleman to his 
tank in India, who was, perhaps, near 
sevenfy years of age, and could not be ef- 
identiy employed after his arrival there. 
If he went out to India at the usual peri- 
od of life-Hrtaid there thirteen years-land 
l^ad been thuty years in this country-^t 
brought him to an age, at which it was 
hardly possible to expect that he would 
be fit to perform duty ; and, if he were, 
he must be placed under a junior, which 
eould not be very agreeable to his feelings* 
Hie establishment abroad already bent 
mider its own weight. Many persons 
thought that the Company had already 
mdre civil servants abroad than were ae-> 
fessaiy. They were now, however, about 
lo add to the number by sending out a 
person who already had had his share of 
the service. 9ut, if they did send him 
out, diey must extend the like fovour to 
A.^. and € ; in short to every num that 
asked it. He, therefore, hoped, before 
ihey passed this vote, which it would 
give him considerable pain to oppose, 
that they would seriously consider the 
cottse(|uenoes which must Inevitably foih>w 
lirom it.— With respect to the drcnm- 
atanoea of Mr. Templer, he had not heard 
that he was burdened with a young fami- 
ly. On that, head, no daim to their com- 
miseratton had been made. Now, before 
he gave his vote, he should be glad to 
know, why the application of another 
gentleman with a family of twenty chii- 
4faen, was rejected? he had no doubt 
that both were honourable- raei^—«nd, in 
hilopinion, the recommendation of the 
court of directors which was given to 
the one, should, fai common justice, be 
cartended to the other. He however, de- 
cidedly ob|eeted to the restoration of a 
nan to his rank in India, after an absence 
of thirty years«-against an understood 



back— because it would i^jfire the Com- 
pany's servants, who had remained for 
years in India--«and lastly, because no fu« 
ture applicant for^ permission to return^ 
could, if a principle of impartiality were 
acted on, be refused the boon. 

Mr. liwndea said, if they sent out thia 
gentleman, it was impossible to tell how 
many applications would be made to them 
for similar indulgence. If they were called 
on to give away their own money, they 
might proceed with as much liberality as 
they pleased— >but it was a different thing 
when they were asked to defend the pub* 
lie money, and to agree to a proposition 
that might interfere with the promotion 
of some meritorious servant in India, On 
this occasion, as samuch sympathy ap- 
peared to be excited for the misfortune of 
Mr.Templer, he thought it would be better 
to confer on him a handsome pension here» 
rather than send him back to India. 

The dtotrman^— In order to put the 
court in posessioa of all the particulars w« 
know concerning the gentleman whose 
case is before the court, the report of the 
committee of correspondence shall be read. 
This is not usual—- ithas notbeencustom- 
ary to make many observations on proper 
aitiotts of this nature, < because, as the 
question must go to a ballot, the hon. pro* 
prietor (Mc Hume) or any other gentla- 
man who does not wish the individual to 
go out to India, may vote iu conformity 
to his feeling. 

The clerk then read the foUowing re- 
port :-*- 

'' At a committee of correspondence, 
2nd and 9th October 1816. 

** Pursuant to reference of court of the 
11th ultimo, the committee have consider- 
ed the memorial of Mr. George Templer, 
late a senior merchant on the Bengal est»> 
blishment, representing that be went to 
Bengal as a writer in 1773, and returned 
to Englfttid in 1786, with the approbation 
of the Governor General in Council of his 
ooiiduct«-«that in India he served the Com- 
pany in various important offices, especi- 
ally in the year 1784, when the country- 
was suffering under the dreadful sensation 
of apprehended iiunine ; that upon thia 
occasion he waa selected to be a member 
of Uie grain committee, then appointed to 
adopt measures of provision against the 
apprehended distress, the success of which 
called forth the highest {^probation of 
the government— representing, also, that 
he was called to England by the death of 



rule-«4md equally against the interest of his fofher, and was detained contrary to 

Ihoae who were in the Company's service his intention^ and thereby prevented from 

abroad. He, therefore, for one (though returning to the service, in which he had 

he might be reproached as aperson desti- .acquired but a very moderate fortune— 

Cvte of sympathy and humanity) acting that his fitther's alAurs turning out better 

if<«i the pure and unbiassed dictates of than atpeeted, he received, as bi» share 

hitfooDKienee, would vote against the re- of the estate, nearly j04O,OOO> and tho 

tarn i)f Mr. Tem)pler, beeastee no proper fhrther sum otd^fiW on the dealh' of h^ 

Mis6BhiMl1ideirasfeigiied<forN«dingUtt ttotber and younger brMhei»*iliM wHh 



JMmte tu th* East 



those acqaisitions be was induced to adopt 
the badness of banking in England, which 

SroTing unfortunate, (though full justice 
as been done to all his creditors) he is 
driven to the necessity of soliciting per- 
mission to return to the Company's ser- 
vice in Bengal, with the reduced rank, 
accordhig to act of parliament. 

'* It appears that Mr. Templer proceed- 
ed to Bengal as a writer in 1773, that he 
arrived there in February 1774, and was 
appointed an assistant to the commissary 
feueral. He subsequently furnished the 
Company with elephants for several years 
by contract, which terminated in 1781. 
• "In October 1783, Mr. Templer wag 
Bominated one of the members of a com- 



Bottu* 



IM 



quitted himself with prdpHety, diligence, 
and integrity. 

'* Mr. Templer advised his arrival ia 
England in August 1785* 

** In January 1787, he requested peiu 
mission to remain in this country ano* 
ther year, and again in February 1789, to 
remain till the next season to settle hit 
affairs, which the court acceded to. 

'^ The committee having taken into con- 
sideration all the foregoing circumstances 
are not unaware or Inattentive to the 
great lapse of time that has oociured 
since Mr. Templer's retirement from the 
service ; and that it will require a strong 
case to be made out^ to justify the resto*) 
ration of a civil servant after so long aA 



mittee,^ appointed to assemble during a interval ; but looking to the particular in- 
period of severe Somine, with complete stance now before them, they find tha| 
Ibvthority to superintend and regulate the Mr. Templer always maintained a &]» 
sale, distribution, and price of grain, character in the service, and acquired 
throughout the Company's provinces under great credit in the estimation of the right 
the Bengal presfdencv, and to receive and hon. Warren Hastings, in a season oi 
diamine into complunts from all parts of great public calamity, as a member of the= 
any IntHngements of the orders which grain committee ; that the misfortunes 
might be issued on the subject; theexer- which have subsequently involved Mr. 
tions of this committee appear to have Templer in loss of fortune, have in no re- 
been productive of the best effects, and spect arisen from extravagant habits of 



life, from wild and unjustifiable specula- 
tions, or from causes that can attach 
blame, discredit, or dishonour, to the 
character of Mr. Templer; on the con-, 
trary, it must redound to the credit of 
himself and of every. member of the 
banking establishment to which he b^ 
longed, that on the breaking up of this 
extensive concern, the partners alone 
came out with the sacrifice of fortune ; 
and that the claims of every individual 
constituent of the house, have been fully 
and amply satisfied ; and yourcommittect. 
under the influence of these copsidera- 

«v/«v «^*.w-^ tions, submit to the court as their <H?i- 

llfe. Tbelieve^H was so considered by »*<»» t^a* Mr. Templer maybe recom- 
the natives at the time, and long after, mended to the general court for thar con- 
as the memorial transmitted by them currenoe ia his return to Bengal with his 
^ in my favour, after my acquittal, abuu- rank in the Company's service, agreeably 
dantly proves, though little credit has to the provisions of the act of the 33d. 
been given to it at home; and, if a of his present Majesty, cap. 5C, sect. 70 
" reference was made to me upon the sub- —also the 85th section of the act of the 
« ject, I should make my selection of the 53d of the King, cap. 155, which enjoina 
" members who formed the committee, that no civil servant returning to India 

shall take any higher rank than he p6s- 
sessed when he left that country." 

The Chairman,-^** Inaddition to what is 
stated in that report, I beg leave to have 



their conduct was repeatedly approved by 
the supreme governmeiit. 

** With reference to Mr. Tempter's ser- 
vices upon this occasion, the committee 
find the following sentiments expressed in 
a private letter to him, from Mr. Hast- 
ings, dated the l?t of last mouth, which 
accompanied his memorial above-men- 
tioned, viz. ** If you had attributed a 
^ larger share of merit to yourself and 
** your associates in the conduct of that 
** measure, I should have been stiH more 
'^ pleased ; for, as far as I myself am con- 
** ceroed in it, I consider it as the first 

** and most beneficial act of my public 
*t — ^ - -. . .... 






•* an act in itself highly meritorious, as it 

" marks the high estimation in which they 

** were held by the government, and their 

"complete success, which 'ordinary ca- 
*t ■ - ... - - 



'* pacities could not have relieved^ fully a letter read, from a gentleman very much 
*» justified it.*' ^ '^^- -*"*** *"^" 

" lo^Decen^bcr 1784, Mr. Templer ob- 
ttinie^ permisiuou to retugn the service and 
retail^ tp EngUnd for £e a^j ustment of his 
m:if ate aflfairs. Upon thi^' occasion the 
Beogal government remarks to the court 
tl^t tliqr.siMltdddecmit an injustice to 
hiil not to ftat^ that be had regularly ob- 
«!rri4 0ie mos^ scrupulous attention to 

£*i^ ^n aU occasi^s where hl^ ser- 
» wboeii called' sirtbj aiid' had ac« 



respected in this court (the right hon. 
Warren Hastings), addressed to Mr. 
Templer on this subject." . 

The clerk: then read the letter*. 

Mr. Bume said, tliat, cyen after the ex- 
planation the court had heard, his objec- 
tions remaned unshaken. What he ^sbed 
to impress on the court was, the manner 
iu whidi the present case was brought 

e Th^sttJMtwtt Q( this jM(i^ it quot^hi th« 
alMve report* 



146 



XkhfOetdihe East India Himt. 



tF« 



before tbem. It appeared extraordiiiar|i 
to bim, that one case should be recom- 
mendedhy the court of directors, and that 
another should not have been at all oo^ 
ticed. ' It struck him the more particularly, 
when he considered the trifling grounds ^» 
which the present reoommeudation waa 
founded. He objected most decisively to 
the system of granting such^ concessions, 
because the application was supported by 
a great name or two. The court ought to 
decide by the direct and unequivocal' ser- 
Tices of the applicants. He. could mention 
many cases in which suffering and deserv- 
ing individuals were refused peripission to 
proceed to India. That day week, a de- 
lerving young man, who bad been five 
years in the Company's sea service* 
(almost half the time that Mr. Templer 
had been in Bengal) applied . for leave to 
go out< for two years to settle his affairs, 
which had been left unsettled on his last 
voyage to Bengal. He (Mr. Ijume) stated 
that he knew the gentleman very well, and 
tiiat be wished him to be permitted to re- 
turn to India to attend to his affairs. He 
had recommended bim to petition tltc 
eotirt for permission, hut the application. 
was refused. He thought the conduct 
of the court in that case severe an<l.e:!^tra- 
ordinary. He would not doubt ]but the 
court of directors had rea^ns for acting 
thus, but those reasons did not appear. 
Neither was it shewn, why Mr. Templer 
should be suffered Xjo proceed to India, . 
whilst .another individual was peremp- 
torily refused, on the above ground, of the 
length of time he had been in this country. 
The gentleman mentioned by the hoo. 
proprietor (Mr. Smith) had been twenty 
years at home, and his application for 
leave to/eturn to India had been refused 
by the. court of directors,. on the plea of 
length of time elapsed ; whilst Mr. Templer 
after having been thirty years at home, is al- 
lowed to return without any reason being 
aisigned, but that of sympathy and com- 
passion 1 It .was against this practical 
use of the authority committed to the 
court of directors that he raised bis 
voice— it was of that he complained. If 
Mfi. Templer should ultimately receive the 
sanction of the court to return, then, he 
contended) that no individual who had 
acted fairly— whose conduct had been up- 
right — whose character was unlmpeached 
— could, in future, be refused leave to go 
to India; no matter how long his stay here 
had been, if be applied for it. If the pro- 
prietors were to understand, that, here- 
after, this general permission to return to 
India would be granted, then he would 
not say another word on the subject ; 
but he should always oppose any thing 
that savoured of partiality and favourite- 
ism. 

Mr. K, Smith said, it appeared that 
M/«rfi< and ii^t^thif togeibnr, 1^ 



carried this question behind the bar. Cob- 
sidering all tbe circumstances, he oould 
not help feeling, that the unfortunate 
gentleman he. alluded to, was not fedily 
treated. He requested to kaow^ whether 
it would be regular to have that gentle* 
man's memorial read, the statement in 
which put forth a very strong claim to th« 
consideration of tlie couit. Tbe circum- 
stance, of Mr. Templer, who had bete 
thirty years in England, being recom- 
mended to the proprietors as a person who 
ought to be suffeied to return, while he» 
who h^ been but twenty-t^o years at 
home, was refused, on aooount of length 
of absence, was most extraordinary. ' it 
was pretty evident, that the gentleman's 
being without interest; occasioned the oool 
reeeption of his application. He was, he 
believed^ an older servant of the Cmnpany 
than Mr. Templer ; and. the permission 
ought, in his opinion, to be extended to 
him. While in India, he perionnedhiB 
duty to the satisfaction of all those who 
had an opportuaity of appreciating liis 
exertions. 

Mr. Paf/MMi.— Before the memorial 
is read, 1 put it to the hon. proprietor, 
whether he would not act more discreetly 
by abstaining from this discussion. It baa 
been said, on many o<*casions of impOEt- 
anoe, *' that an injudicious friend is worse 
than an avowed enemy ;" and the maxim 
appears to he strongly illustrated in tbe 
present instance. As the protector of the 
gentleman concerned, I beg that the hon. 
proprietor will consider seriously what he 
18 about to bring forward, and not placg 
these two cases in competition with each- 
other. I did withhold my assent from thia 
resolution as long as I could consistentlj. 
with my feeling, because I was anxious to- 
preserve our servants in India from any. 
injury that the return of gentlemen to. 
that country might inflict on them. But* 
it was argued with me, and very power* 
fully argued, that there being a dtrnier* 
resort y was one of the finest and most ho« 
nourable features of the Company's govern^ 
ment ; and this gentleman, whose cha» 
racter stands as high as that of any man, > 
was considered a proper object for the re- 
commendation of the executive body. It 
is on record, that, in India, he conducted 
himself entirely to the satisfaction of ona- 
of the ablest and most highly-gifted jo* 
vernors-general that ever appeared in that 
country ; and now, at an advanced period 
of life, he comes forward^ and requests thai, 
in consideration of his services, he mar 
be suffered to return. His services stsm' 
on the most irrefragable ground ; and faff* 
distresses are, unfortunately, no less well' 
authenticated. Mr. Templer had fidMd* 
in a great banking concern, in whleh Kt, 
had embarked his property to avery largu 
amount ; and, when it is considM^ thist; 
not an lnfilWid«l lost a fUfiinr ^ ^^ 



181*70 Debaieat^e Em India House. 149 

failare«>wli€ii it is known that twenty at his advanced age, and witbtiiscottftrm* 
fibilttBgt were paid in the pound-^I should ed habits, it was more than probable that 
think myself wanting in tlie discharge of he would rather remain at home ; and 
tny duty, and deficient in feelings if I did certainly it could not please those who 
not recommend his case to the proprie- were of opinion that such permission 
ton. Haviiigtlieprivilegeof voting, asa siiooldbe rarely conceded. He felt the 
|)roprietor, for the resolution, 1 will do so most gratifying sensations when the ho < 
With all my heart and soul. The pro- nonrable and upright conduct of Mr, 
priety of the recommendation stands on Tempier was stated. He, it appeared, in 
such strong grounds, that it cannot be spite of misfortune, had foithfully dis- 
impugned. With reapect to the other charged the demands made upon him. At 
gentleman, the circumstance of his having a time when many persons were contented 
a tamily of eighteen children, appears with pn)'ing two shillings or eighteen 
upon record ; and I h ambiy beg that credit pence in the pound , he, much to his credit, 
may be given to the integrity of the feeU came forward with the wliole twenty 
Sugs which actuated the executive body shiilings. He would put down his £2X} 
in refusing that application. We judged or his jEf50, not so much to assist Mr. 
and decided for ourselves on the merits Tempier, as to' encourage the pure prin- 
o#the applicant ; and if the case had been ciple of honesty. Amidst the discoveries 
t)ne that deserved the recommendation of made in the present day, none was of 
the court of directors, 1 can assure the more importance than that of vaccine in-' 
proprietors it would have received it. On oculation ; he wished that some means 
the part of my brother directors and my- could be found out of inpculating for 
«elf, I claim the confidence of the court of honesty, (a iaughj that would be av 
proprietors with respect to the justice of invaluable discovery indeed. The want 
Kim decision on that occasion ; and re- of principle, the deficiency of int^ity, 
truest that the hon. gentleman will ask no were disgraceful to the present age. Ft 
farther question on the subject, was there they failed. In all things else 

Mr. if. Smith observed, that he felt no the world was infinitely Improved ; and k 
tmstility towards Mr. Tempier ; on the was high time that pains sbonkl be taken 
contrary, he said, he would vote for him. to make mankind more honest and more 
He did not mean to introduce the case of virtuous than they were, ""fhe}' had, since 
the other gentleman with the idea of pre- the French revolution, made such an 
Tenting Mr. Tempier from going out. But alarming progress in roguery and villany, 
certainly he was of opinion that the having that posterity would scarcely believe ir« 
hten twenty- two years in this country Therefore the virtues of this geutleman, 
should not debar one from proceeding to surrounded as they were by so many foils^ 
^IndSa, when another who had been much appeared with redoubled lustre. So much 
longer at home, was permitted to go out. was he delighted with his conduct, thai 
As to the memorial being read, he could he was almost disposed to send him out 
dispense with it. His reason for wishing to India with tins striking recommenda^ 
It to be read was, that the case might be tion to the government there, — ** We 
property known, in order that it might aend you this most honest and respectable 
tmdergo fiirther consideration. gentleman, who, when others paid two 

The Chairman.'^*' After what hat pass- or three shillings in the pound, stood for^ 
«d, I believe nothing remains to he done, want like a just and honourable man, and 
Irat to foL the day for a ballot. I think paid twenty shillings. His exampTe may 
the 8th of January will be the most proper be of great use, therefore respect and ev 
d«y ; when the dividends will be about teem him." By doing this, the court 
to oommeBce paying." supported, as he hoped they would be, by 

Mr« Lowndet said, this was a matter of the Board of Oontroul, would shew thai 
more consequenee than the court seemed they were determined to protect honesty, 
to be aware of, since it would open the With this present featnfe in his character, 
door to innumerable applications of thia he could almost wish that Mr. Tempier 
nature. All parties seemed to agree upon should be suffered to return^to India, (a 
one point, namely, the high respectal^lity soil not remarkable for the production of 
of Mr. Tempier; hot he and several others honesty), if he were not afraid that the 
were of opinion^ that it would be much precedent might lead* to unpleasant coU'-' 
better to grant him a handsome pension sequences. Still, however, he thought If 
here» than to send him out to India, they sent him out, on account of his cha- 
They matt feel the injustice and danger racter, with such a recommendation as he 
of permitting him to return to India, to had mentioned, they would scarcely have 
tfll a situatloB that had, perhaps, been a second application for leave to return, 
looked up to for years by some meritori- founded on similar grounds ; for there 
«ns eervant who had never quitted his were not many, he believed, in these 
post. Thh reaohttiOB did not give satia- times, who could challenge indulgence on 
tiKtIon to any party. It could not be gr»> the soore of their honesty (u laugh > . 
tifyfaig \o ^Ir. Templer'a frjeoda, becanao The quevtion was then agreed to^ ami t 
^^Uo^/otfnt.— -No. 14. Vow III. X 



150 



Debate at tiie East India Borne* 



the baU<^« for the final deciaioD of the 
qileijtion, was fixed for the 8th of Janiuuy. 

MAJOR-GENBRAL yAWCETT. 

The Chairman stated, that one part of 
the bosiness, on account of which the 
court had been made special, waa to lay 
before the proprietors, for their approba- 
tion, a resolution of the court of direc- 
tors of the 30th of October, granting to 
Major-General Fawcett, of the Bengal 
establishment, an allowance of ;^00 per 
annum, for a limited term, on the grounds 
there stated. The court of directoi? 
haring, however, received private, not 
official, information, that events, the oc- 
currence of which would have deprived 
him of certain advantages, in lieu of which 
the proposed allowance would have been 
necessary, had not taken place. The 
court of directors therefore would not 
trouble the proprietors with the resolu- 
tion, which should be postponed for the 
present. 

Mr. Hume inquired, whether any thing 
had been done for Major-General Fawcett, 
who, he knew, had suffered much incon- 
venience .> If the question were put off, 
Mine di^, the gallant General would be 
left in a state of uncertainty and suspense. 



CF 



HBRTFOKD CQLItEOE. 

The Chairman, — *' I hare now to infom 
the court, that the oomt of directors 
have come to a resolution fbr appointibg 
an additional European assistant tn tho^ 
Oriental department of the East India 
College, with a salary of ;f400 per annum, 
.and an allowance of ;^100 per annum 
for house rent, which shall now be laid 
before you for your approbation." 

The derk then read the subjoined reso- 
lution :-^ 

<' At a court of directors held on Wed- 
nesday, the 30th October, 18r6 : 

'* A report from the committee of col- 
lege, dated this day, being read, stating 
that they have had under consideration 
the state of the Oriental literature at the 
college, and that it appears there is a want 
of another European to assist the profes- 
sor in the Muhammadan division in which 
the Arabic, Persiau, and Hindustani lan- 
guages are taught, recommending, there- 
fore, that another European be appointed 
to assist in the Oriental department at the 
college, with a salary of jg400, an allow- 
ance of :^100 a year for house rent, and 
his commons, subject to the approbation 
of the general court and the board of 
commissioners for the' affairs of India ^ 



The CAatrnflii.—" The information con- . and that the person who may be appointed 
neoted with Major-General Fawcett's to this situation, shall begin to exercise 

its functions at the commencement of next 
term, should the sanction of the measure 
by the proper authorities, be obtained by 
that time. 

<' Resoived, That this court approve 
the said report." 

The Chatrtnan,—'' I have tostateto thk 
court, that the court of directors hare 
agreed to. grant the sumcpecified to a gen- 
tleman, qualified to act in the situation of 
assistant, in the Oriental departmentp-^ 
they conceiving such an assistant to be 
absolutely necessary. If the court of pro- 
prietors coDci6r witii them in their reso- 
lution, it will n^ increase the expense of 
the establishmSt beyond the original 
amount, because a^allowance of ^£500 per 
annnm was allowed to Dr. Henley during 



case will arrive, I hope, almost imme- 
diately ; and, 1 trust, no inconvenience 
has been, or will be felt by him. If any 
jproposition should be offered on the sub- 
Jetft, it will meet with proper attention 
from the court." 

Mr, A, Jackion.^'' Will you allow the 
resolution of the court of directors to be 
read ? ^Sueh a proceeding will have this 
good effect ;— it will cause the gallant 
officer to feel some of their piptection 
from that moment. It is very unpleasant 
tl>at the period of relief should be uncer- 
tain. I am quite sure, when the necessary 
papers are read, that there will be found 
ft great disposition, on this side of the 
bar, to concur with the court of directors 
in remunerating General Fawcett. And 



1 am equally convinced, that the reading his life, and that gentleman having died, 
oC the resolution would carry home to the the salary, formerly paid to him, may be 
feehngs of the gallant General, and of balanced against that now proposed to 



every man who heard it read, a certainty 
that a liberanrecompense would be afforded 
to him. In my own humble judgment, 
the remuneration proposed is not so ample 
^ the circumstances warranted, and as 



be given to the additional oriental aasist- 
anu With this explanation 1 beg leave 
to move, 'That the court of proprietors 
do approve and confirm the resolution of 
the court of directors, of the 30th of Oc- 



thc object of it merited. That gallant tober last.' " 

otf cCTand his connections knew very weU The Deputp Chairman (J. Bebb, Esq.) 

that he was placed in a situaUon which he seconded &e motion. . 

could not avoid ; and that the drcum^ Mr. ffume said, in presenUng himself 

SMwces arose from an error in your govern, sa early to the Chairman and the court, 

iifll. !».'' i °* ^?* ^^ accountable, on the present occasion, he did so, because 

!IlA«fVn«*T*u ^* ^^^^^ ^**™ **»« «*- atwelvemonth bdbre, he intended to haw 

S^^fwi- Sf- ^"*P»ny> to the extoit brought the circumstances of the coUege 

. nsmarf tmaif raur, just, and Uberal." iiiid«r IhcoonaiderfttioiiLDCthe prvfttieion. 



1817.3 

He was pleased^ at all times, to concur 
with the court of diractort in anyresoln- 
tion they might propose, when, consistent* 
1y with his daty, he ooald do so ; and, he 
Hoped, that they would not be offended 
when he spolce bis sentiments honestly, 
and cottscientiottsly, however they might 
be opposed to their views. The measure 
now proposed by the ezecutire body, 
though, in a pecuniary point of view, in- 
volving only the sum of 5 or ^600, sug- 
gested to him a question as to the very ex- 
istence of the college. The question which 
fiiirly presented itself for their considera- 
tion was, whether the college had answer- 
ed the purpose for which it was in- 
stituted ? He was extremely sorry to 
reiterate an opinion, already strongly and 
generally expressed iu the country, that 
the arrangements made respecting the in- 
struction of their servants in Oriental 
literature, had not turned out so well as 
had been expected, and as they might 
have done if proper care had been taken. 
The foundation of a college in this 
country, and the suppression of that which 
was founded in India, had been, he re- 
gretted to say, attended with most unfor- 
tunate consequences. Here he begged 
leave to notice the letter written by the 
courtof directors in January 1 802, calling 
on Marquis Wellesley to annul the college 
at Calcutta, which, he must say, was one 
of the noblest and most magnificent fea- 
tures of his administration. The deter- 
mination to suppress that establishment 
has been in its consequences most unfor- 
tunate. In the letter to which he had al- 
luded, the only reason assigned for putting 
an end to the college at Calcutta, was the 
great expence of that establishment. The 
noble marquis's answer, dated the 5th of 
August in that year, and addressed to the 
€hairman,c1early shewed, that the expense 
might not to be considered as an obstacle 
by a great and munificent body, like the 
East India Company; when they recollect^ 
ed that it was incurred for the prais^ 
worthy purpose, of giWng to their servants 
instruction in the language and govern- 
ment of the country, which was of so 
much importance to the correct manage- 
ment of their affairs. The noble marquis 
stated in his letter, " that for and after 
that year, the whole expense of the col- 
lege would be three lacks and 30,000 ru- 
pees, or £4l,2M sterling, and probably 
less. That, as the court of directors ad- 
mitted the necessity of giving their young 
servants an improved education and a 
knowledge of Oriental literature, he was 
satisfied that the servants of the three 
jiresldendei oonld not be ^ well educated 
{& separate and detached seminaries, as in 
tte college at Calcutta ; and that the ex- 
ponea would be equal, if notgreater, than 
thoi^ of the coBfege." His h>rd8hip'8 
mummt had ham-wmplttdy verified 3 



Ddateai 4he East India House. 



151 



and he (Mr. Hume) wished, that some 
person connected with the noble marquis, 
and more capable of eulogising his merita 
than he was, would step forward, and 
support the justice of his prediction in this 
instance. The noble marquis stated, and 
the event had proved the truth of his as- 
sertion, that if they established a col- 
lege in England, and seminaries at each 
of their presidencies in India, the 
expense would be as great as that 
incurred by his liberal and extensive 
plan, while the advantages would be' ihr 
inferior. For the good of the service, he 
(Mr. Hume) sincerely regretted that the 
experiment had ever been resorted to!— 
The expenses of the different establish- 
ments, in the last year, were — 
For the reduced seminary at 

Calcutta 210,306 rupees, £' «. d. 

or 20,306 

Seminary at Madras, 18,928 

pagodas, or 7,571 

Hertford College, ;^1 7,623. 
From which deduct 

paid by the Students, leav- > 7,699 

ing to be defrayed 

Company 




Making the total expense of j ■ 

last year 35,576 

This was the expense for the civil ser- 
vants, without any provision for those of 
Bombay— being only ;^5>676 less than Mar- 
quis Wellesley's large, general, and- com- 
plete establishment would have been. 
Then it became a matter of consideration, 
whether the advantages derived from 
the divided arrangement had been equal 
to those which would have resulted from 
the comprehensive plan of the noble mar- 
quis ? He hesitated not to say, that they 
had not. If, therefore, an establishment 
Instituted in England for the purpose of 
instructing their servants in the oriental 
languages, had not answered the end for 
which it was instituted, (as, he contend- 
ed, was the case with respect to Hertford 
College,) the question immediately resolv- 
ed itself into this*-*' Are we to continue 
it ?" It was not the grant of a paltry 
sum of 5 or j^O that could influenoe his 
vote on this occasion. If they were to 
continue the college, he agreed that pro- 
fessors must be appointed. He would 
go to any reasonable extent in procuring 
men of learning and ability, provided it 
was deemed proper to support the esta^ 
blishment. But it became^ a matter of 
the most serious consideration, whether 
the colk^ should or should not be longer 
permitted to exist ? If he called the at<- 
tention of the proprietors to the resolu- 
tion of that court, of the 26tii of February 
18Q5, at which period the establishment 
of a college was agreed on, he felt a d«- 
ddad. conviction, that noton^of thtgoa- 
.X2 



152 



Debate at the Eatt-InHa U^we. 



ff 



tlemen who aow heard him could say, that the college equally sotorioos In the co w- 
the advauiages held out at that time had try ? Surely, the investigation V8« imne- 



tieen realized. He knew they had not. 
Instead of ^oung men being sent forth, 
improved m education atid manners, 
formedin character, and confirmed in those 
principles which most become the youth- 
ful mind, the establishment produced 
many individuals, who were without the 
principles of honour or honesty, without 
» knowledge of the essential parts of the 



ratively called for. He did not wish. If,, 
consistently with the conscientious $Ds- 
charge of his duty, be could avoid itp 
to give any opposition to the grant 
now recommended and supported bj 
the court of directors ; but still be con- 
ceived it was a matter of most vital 
importance to the Company, to their ser- 
vants, and to the public at large, that the 



3ntish constitution, whose habits (of whole affairs of this college should be 

course he spoke of virtuous habits} were taken into consideration, without loss of 

not fixed and settled, whose minds were time. He felt disinclined to detain the 

pot enhghtened— in short, who could only court much longer.— But, having shown 

bei considered as half Englishmen ! If that the expense of the present establish- 
the reports in general circulation were - - - - . r 

correct, these were the advantages that 
)iad been derived from the institution ! ! 



The expenses which his learned friend 
(Mr. Jackson) stated, in I8O5, compared 
with the beneficial results that were ex- 
pected from the establishment, could not 
be a matter of the first consideration j 
Although ;e55,000,theaum originally voted 
(or the erection of a college (and, it should 
be observed, that nearly double that sum 
liad been expended) was by no means an 
inconsiderable provision. Yet, to use the 
words of his learned friend, he looked 
Vpon it as a drop of water in the ocean, 
when placed in competition with the iin- 
meuse advantages which would accrue to 
British India from having the minds of 
ibeir young servants properly formed, the 
principles, of virtue imprinted on their 
liearts, and the love of honourable dis- 
, tinction closely interwoven with their 
youtlifiilfeeliaga.— Had the institution pro* 
duced such beneficial effects ? No man 
could assent that it had. Very difi^rent 
Indeed were the results. which be had to 
aubmit to the attention of the court. 
Other colleges slept in puace. They went 
«D quietly and well. But this college, 
which was a disgrace to the Company and 
to the country, and to .all those who be-* 
longed to it, had been the scene of riot, 
4isorder, and irregularity,— As the ques- 
tion was now agitated, he should consider 



meut in England, and the other Snstitut- 
tions for education in India in the last 
year, had nearly equalled what would have 
supported a proper college at Calcutta,— > 
which would have produced benefit, no% 
mischief — from which good, not evil, would 
have resulted— lie would leave it for the 
proprietors to decide on what course it 
would be proper to pursue, with respect 
p the college at Hertford. Were he tQ 
read to the court the letters which had 
been written by persons who had sons and 
other relations in the college, there was 
not a gentleman present who would not 
hold up his hand, and exclahn, '< Befonn 
you must, or ruin will fellow !" One of 
those letters which he held in his hand 
was written by a father, who, speaking of 
his son, before he sent him to this coll^e^ 
described him as a youth, perfect in mo- 
rals, and esteemed and admired by all his 
relatives and friends — but who, from the 
vices he had imbibed at tbi^ institution^ 
had become a disgrace to his family, and 
was now lost to them for ever. He 
(Mr. Hume) did not pretend to say, that 
the account of the fatbe* in this instancc^ 
was strictly correct with respect to hia 
son, or that all the evils complained of as. 
arising from the college, were to be 
charged to the principal of the college-^ 
that they were to be attributed to this or 
that professor— or that they were to be . 
imputed, as faults, to the committee of 



Oimself lost to character, lost to every the college, appointed bv the court of 
nnncipleof candour and of inatir*. if hi Ai^^.^J^Wyrz: ^.'^l *"* "?"" "' 



iirindple of candour and of Justice, if he 
did not stote some of the fkrts which had 
come to his knowledge— if he did not let 
the court know what his wishes were on 
the subject. He thought, before the court 
of directors had recommended this regfo- 
lution, it might have been proper to have 
taken into consideration whether the col- 
^e ought or ought not to be continued ? 
Had not the pi-oprietors and public heard 
of repeated rustications and expulsions, 
of chaiiges for felony even, together with a 



directors. He was utterly at a leiss to 
account for the disgraceful scenes that bad 
taken place since the establishment of that 
institution. He had seen the statutes |br 
the government of the college He had 
gone over them, one by one, and althoiigh 
several of them were very objectionable, 
he wondered on the whole that they had 
not been productivt- of bettei effi^-ts. He. 
could not believe that they had been fairly 
put in forpe. In one point, however, tbO: 



lonff list of «h«m'«7«r:,^' Z° — r. T':^ ^ executive body Ud, he ihouglu, cone bfi< 

«Kut Allf^ "H^u^ ^ y*^"** ^ *«*«^tioa of the couit of m- 

te? W^ino^^^^ P^^"- TT^ey had in effect, in estiUiSh; 

Sk*tour^odt**^?^ ilOiabitant of establishments, converted biJiSo minK 

the ne«[|ibpi|/hpod » Were pot they «id Tb^ h^ i»parted to the«l*w of Wr 



Delate ai the Ead-Iiulia Hatue. 



1817.3 

jieriority aad iodependenoey wbich were 
at their ages completely incompatible with 
due tMibordinatioa and beneficial study. 
Hariiig dooe this, the control over them 
divided between the court of directors 
and the professors, was no longer of that 
efllcient nature to compel them to a proper 
pnibrmance of their duties. He could 
assign no other reasons for those abases 
-mJtit knew nothing else that could have 
produced such a series of unfortunate 
occurrences. He was well acquainted 
with individuals, who from the character 
of the college, were afraid to permit their 
sons to go there, lest they also should turn 
out disorderly, and become both disgrace- 
ful to the institution, and disbooourable 
to their families. He held in his hand 
the letter of a father, to which he had 
before alluded, in whidi he attributed the 
destruction of bis son; *< whose ruin," he 
observed, *' is to be attributed to the 
vices he had imbibed at the college in 
Hertford — ^whicfa is ill legislated, and 
ought to be immediately abolished." He 
certainly was of opinion that his son had 
been mined at that college, which was in- 
stituted for the advancement of learning 
and morality. In another letter, the un- 
happy fother said, '* my son proceeded to 
the East India College, praised and ad- 
mired by all who knew him. But, by the 
system pursued at that lll-oonducted es- 
tablishment, he has been rained, and he 
Is now an outcast from society." Al- 
though the conduct of that youth, (frpm 
what he had learned) might have been in 
iooie degree improper before he joined the 
iiollege, yet^ the coarse it had taken 
there, wheie it oogbt to have been oor- 
rected, was deplorable. He (Mr. Hume) 
expected, after he had stated this, that the 
hon. Chaurmaa, sitting in the high situa- 
tion he did, would himself take up the 
subject, if no other person stepped for- 
■ ward for that purpMe. The expense 
was not now a matter of the first oon- 



15S 



tion to their aenrants as was 
towaids the qocrect performaaoa of their 
duties in India, and which it wastboog^t 
they could not obtain so well at otheor 
colleges.*— 'Now, in all the reports from 
die college committee which he hadsee^, 
the young men there displayed qaalificfr- 
tiofts of a very liferent nature. Prenii* 
nms whidi were granted to them for their 
proficiency in French, in drawing, and in 
various other hranches of education, migbt 
be obtained at any other seminary in the 
country, and wbich were not of pan^ 
mount importance with oriental litentture» 
Instead of this, he expected to find the 
students disfilayiiig a oonsiderable degree 
of proficiency in the Hindiistaai and 
Persian languages, and aeompetest know- 
ledge of the Jurisprudence of India. This, 
and the oriental tongues, were to have 
formed the principal branches of educa- 
tion at the college. Tliey were moat im- 
portant to the doe government of their 
Indian empire, and oogfat not to be neg- 
lected for matters of a comparatively tri-« 
vial valoe. The last report of the college 
committee was something more finvour- 
able than those which preceded it. Tlie 
committee admitted that the young men 
were, in general, very las in their stodlea 
— but they stated that oriental literataee 
had been cultivated to a greater extent 
than in tbe preceding year. Such a state- 
ment as this he was pleased to see, hut it 
did not satisfy him*-he protested agafamt 
a disbursement of £35,00fi a year, fortiie 
purpose of giviimf education to their ser- 
vants, when cniental literatore, of whidi 
iSkBfoia^ to be as epmplete masters aa 
possibl^ was only attended to as a se-^ 
eondary object. — if they wanted educa- 
tion of a diiereot descriptimi, they oould 
get it, amongst men of all ranks, at Ox** 
ford, or Cambridge, where, hy good ex- 
ample and a mixtnre with grate society, 
any giddv or idle propenirities might be 
corrected or entirely removed. But here, 
^deration,— he had already stated that a number of boys were as sembl ed toge- 



In thelast year tbe gross exp^iseaitHailey- 
bory, exclosive of interest on the premi- 
ses, was jf 17,fi33, deducting ftom which 
j^,934 paid by the students, it left the 
sum of £7,699 to be defrayed by the 
Company. This, in itself, was not a 
heavy charge. But, when it was expended 
for purposes of evil, instead of benefit— 
whoi the ol^ect of granting instruction in 
oriental literature appeared, np to the 
last year, to have been very little attended of control ■boold haps Uie power of inter- 



ther, fiv a specific object which it was 
thmui^t could pot he elsewhere attained, 
and that very olqect, it appeared, had 
been very mueh nei^ected. Thetefore, 
he again appealed to the gentlemen vrithfn 
the bar, that this matter ought to be taken 
into their serious consideration; and, 
though the act of parliament (whk^ he 
thought a very absurd one, for it appeared 
to be vcnr ■nneeessary, that the board 



to— when a knowledge of vice, instead of 
a proficiency in learning, seemed by oon- 
cwring accounts to prevail-- then, most 
aaaoredly, the smallest grant vras too 
much. Instmetiott in orieatal literatnre, 
wMeh had been so much negiecled before 
the Une of Man|^ Wellesley, wfis the 
pomaryol^ect of «he inadtwtlim wMdi 
waa alaolBtended to Impart siMliklnstnc- 



fering with the Company, as to the man- 
ner fai wbich they might think proper to 
educate their servants,) prevented them 
from getting rid of this eollege without 
applymg to the le^sbitorB— yet, if the 
court of directora did, what he hoped 
they weald, namely, Uvf before the pro- 
prietors snch a report as weald justify 
than in ealfing on ^parliament to remove 



254 



IMbate at the Eas^ India House. 



tPEB. 



tiiearily it might, he was confident^ he 
very easily done. He would not now 
qnestimi the policy of establishing either 
of the seminaries— bat, if he were to 
draw a comparison between the institu- 
tion at Hertford, and their military col- 



August to the Chairman) would amply edu- 
cate all their senrants in India on the 
mosf extensive scale— andhere they were 
^ving j^,000 annually to three estab»- 
lishments, not all for good purposes, hut 
for a positive evil. Whilst he was on tha 



lege at Addiscombe, it would afford a very subject of oriental education, he could not 
Btrongargumentforabolishing the former help observing, that an individnal, wbp 
md extending the latter. He had not had laboured more to promote it than any 



hfaeself been at Addiscombe, but he had 
lieaidfrom unquestioaaMe authority, that 
the ocmdact of the young gentlemen there 
was a modd of perfect propriety, worthy 
of general imitation ; and he doubted not 
but that, at some future day, many of 
them would, as was frequentfy the case 
amongst their military servants, take the 
lead in political matters j for, when diffi- 
culties arose, great abilities improved by 
early subordination and joined to a labo- 
rious application to business, would al- 
ways be looked for by their governments 
alM'oad^— and those qualities, he under- 
stood, were possessed, in a very eminent 
degree, by theur military students* He 



man who had ever been in India, had not 
received the reward he merited. Much 
of the progress now made in oriental 
literature was owing to his exertions— 
what were the circumstances of his case f 
he should be sorry to assert, that the 
court of directors had acted partially or 
unjustly— but gentlemen woidd excuse 
him for a few minutes, while he stated 
what had been their conduct towai*ds one 
of the most accomplished oriental scho- 
lars, towards one of the best and most 
tried friends of education the Company 
have evei' had in the service, or that this 
country had ever seen. The court would 
at once perceive that he meant Dr. John 



haid, therefore, no hesitation in prognos- Borthwick Gilchrist ; for to what other 

Seating, that many of the young gentle- person could this description apply? .He, 

men educated at their military establish- although a sni^geon on the medical estab- 

ment at Addiscombe would reflect credit lishment, was desirous of bringing the 

en that in^itution, and prove of great Hindustani language, as being at once 

importance to the Indian empire ; whilst, the most general and useful in India, into 

melancholy to relate, those who were general use amongst the servants of the 

brought up at the college at Hertford, if Company— and, for that purpose after a 

the accounts related respecting it were labour of twenty years he published. 



true to half their extent, would probably 
disgrace themselves there, and bring 
shame on the Company hereafter. The 
interestb of the public, the welfore of the 
Company, and the repose of India, called 



amongst other valuable works, a Hin- 
dustani grammar and dictionary, the 
first of the kind that deserved the name, 
which were held in universal esteem* 
Upon which, to this moment, little has 



on the court of directors to look narrowly been added. His acquirements were highly 



into this subject. We ought not to be 
left in doubt as to its useful or mischiev- 
ous effects — ^it was a question of so much 
consequence, that he would himself 
submit a motion respecting it, but that 
his doing so would perhaps be considered 
a reason for. objecting to it. — {No I nolj 
lie (Mr. Hume) felt, that any motion on 
this subject, should come from the court 
of directors, as the establishment of the 
college had originated with them— for, 
let &em shut their eyes as they would, 
tfaey4X>uld not be blind to the disgraceful 
scenes that had taken place ; and, unless 
the gentlemen within the bar took the 
etate of the college into consideration,-— 
unless they devised means to prevent a 
repetition of buch scenes — ^and completely 
remedied and rectified the disposition to 
riot and misconduct which h^ so long 
prevailed — he should be most aiixious to 
see the establishment dissolved. In that 

case, he should like the funds now i^ driven home by ill health brought on by 
propriated to its support, tor be trans- excessive study. He applied to the court 
ferred to the establishment now existing . of directors for assistance, as his|niblic»- 
in India. Three lacks and 30,000 rupees* tions had expended part of his privati^ 
or jf41,000 steriing, (on the estimate of fortune, which was Tery limited— and 
the marquis of Wellesleyln faisletterdthof . what was the result ? i^was to W-fMnd 



estimated by the marquis Wellesley, who 
spoke of him in the most flattering terms^ 
in his letter to the Chairman, dated the 
5th of August, 1802. In paragraph 49, 
the noble marquis spoke of " the zeal^ 
abilitif, and diligence, of Mr. Gitehrist, 
as a teacher of the Hindoostannee ; and 
of his eminent meriis in forming a most 
fue/ia grammar and dictionary/* &c. 
Again in paragraph 50, the noble marquis 
said, << Mr. Gilchrist's laudable offer of 
the aid of his services, on that occasion, 
was not only arotiipf and zealous, but 
was accompanied by circumstances highly 
creditable to his liberalitp and public spi- 
rit, to the moderation of Ms views o/ pri- 
vate interest, and to bis just sense and 
value of public fame." In paragraph 52, 
the noble marquis designated Mr. Gil- 
christ, as <' that able and ind^atigahU 
scholar/* ftc. This gentleman, after 
twenty-two years residence in India, 



1817.3 



Ddate at the Ea$^India House* 



19S 



in the reaolntion of tlie court of directors. 
In answer to Dr. Gilchrist's request that 
his past services should be taken intocon^ 
sfderation— *and it was the most cold? 
lllooded answer that was ever returned to' 
tty individual, who had performed such 
eminent services as he had done. The 
letter of the marquis Wellesley to Mr. 
Henry Addington, then minister of this 
country (which, if it were possible,*— but 
that, he thought, could not be,— spoke 
more highly of his merits than marquis 
Wellesley had done in his dispatch to the 
Chairman,) did not seem to have been at- 
tended to. Compelled by indisposition 
to relinquish the service in India, and 
ivith a very limited income, Dr. Gilchrist 
4^plied to the executive body, in 1805, 
begging that they would take his circum- 
itances into consideration, and grant him 
■uch an addition to his income as woul4 
enable him to pass the remainder of his 
life in comfort. He had offered his ser- 
vices as a teacher in the college at Hailey- 
^ury and officiated for some time there, 
iut was obliged to resign, as the arrange- 
ments there speared to him to promise 
bad instead of good effects, and his prog- 
nostication has been woefully fulfilled. 
The answer of the court of directors was 
— " having taken into consideration the 
whole of Dr. Gilchrist's letter, we think 
proper to grant him a pension of £150 a 
jrear." He (Mr. Hume) was not certain 
if he had received even that sum, or any 
thing /ram the Compang, except, the pen- 
sion of his rank as a surgeon after twenty- 
two years service in India. This was all 
the provision made for one gentleman, 
whose life had been devoted to improve 
oriental literature, and whose services 
were beyond reward— whilst an indivi- 
dual who was placed on the college estab- 
lishment here as principal, got a pension 
of 5 or £600 a year, after a very few years 
service, though he had never done as Utr 
as he (Mr. Hume) could learn, any thing 
to promote either discipline or oriental 
literature for it. — Much had been said, in 
the early part of the day, about humanity 
fnd sympathy. Those feelings ought to 
be extended to Dr. Gilchrist, who had 
been obliged, like Mr. Tempter, to abridge 
those comforts which his situation de- 
manded, in consequence of the ^ure of 
a banking concern, which had embarrassed 
his fortune; and yet to him who had 
done so much— to him who deserved so 
much from them— they doled out this 
scanty pittance ; but to others who could 
boast of 00 service whatever, they were 
ready to grant pensions, in prospect, as 
well as directly. Was this encourage- 
ment to merit, or likely to promote the 
ftkiBue of leaning ?— The hon. proprietor 
eonduded wHh an earnest entreaty, that, 
belbve ihe resohition was agreed to, the 
Mttaisi of' the college should be minutely 



investigated, and, if found deserving, n» 
man in court would more warmly sup- 
port it. 

Mr. Handle Jackwn said, after the 
allusion .which his honourable friend 
had made to him, as having, felevea 
years before, moved, in that court, the 
adoption of the resolution, inconsequeneei 
of which the college at Hertford was 
founded, the proprietors would readily b^ 
lieve, that he felt no common anxiety to 
obtain permission to express his seBti*.' 
ments on this subject. It was true thai 
he did assent to the abolition of the col- 
lege at Calcutta ; but no man who knew 
him would imagine, that he did m> from 
any one disparaging feeling towards the 
Marquis Wdlesley, who was the governor- 
general, and under whose auspices that 
establishment had been raised. On the 
contrary, during the eleven years that had 
elapsed since that period, and those which 
had passed since the administration of the 
noble marquis had terminated, every re- 
collection that had presented itself to his 
mind, every page he had read on the sub- 
ject of their policy in India, convinced 
him that the administration of the noble 
marquis was one undeviating tissue of 
brilliant achievements — Great as ever the 
wit of man devised, the talents of astates<» 
man carried into execution, or the mind of 
a genius gifted as be was, could conceive 
for the benefit of the Company and of the 
empire in general, (&c. ftc.) If ever 
there was aconsolidator of an empire, h^ 
was the man. If, at a subsequent period* 
their affairs were less prosperous than they 
had b^n under his administration, it was 
caused by a retrocession from his plans-* 
by a deviation from his policy. If there 
was one thing for which he applauded the 
present governor-general, the Marquis Of 
Hastings, more than another, it was be- 
cause he saw in his dispatches, because he 
marked in his conduct, a recognition of 
that policy which the Marquis WeUesley 
had pursued. If the Marquis of Hastings 
should stay long enough in India and pro- 
ceeded as he had commenced, he would 
cure the evils which had been produced 
by that fanaticitm (for there was fim^ 
ticism in politics as well as In religion) 
which had attempted to throw down all 
that the Marquis Wellesley had erected! 
Lord Hastings he trusted would put ar 
stop to that post-haste abandonment of 
the Marquis Wellesley policy— the de- 
parture from which had produced nothing 
but mischief. If any conclusive reason 
could be adduced for wishing the Marquis 
of Hastings to remain longer in his situ^ 
tion than others had done, it was, that he 
might have an opportunity of following 
up the principles of Lord Wellesley, and 
thus be enabled to leave their Indian en^ 
pire, as that great statesman had done, 
without au QiODyi foreign or dooesUo— 



1M 



D^gte oi the East-India Home. 



the Fkench power being aimihflated— aiid 
every iiaitiTe state eitber tritratary or an 
ally ! This was a glorious state of things 
-^-and, he doabted not, if it pleased God 
to spare the Marquis of Hastings, he 
woukHeare their Indianlenitories in that 
same situation. With this feeling, the 
itoMe Marqfuis Hastings possessed his con- 
fidence and demanded his applanse. He 
differed notwithstanding from the Mar- 
quis Wellesley, on the suhject of the col- 
lege at Calcutta, and on the occasion of 
iBoviog his resolution in the general conrt 
in 1805 ; he stated the grounds of that 
dMferenee of opinion, and the proprietors 
agreed with him in the proposition be 
sabtnitted to them. He opposed the* 
college at Calcutta, because Lord Welles- 
ley, instead of erecting a school, for the 
purpose of giving instruction in the orien- 
tal languages, created an university for 
all sorts of languages, and for erery spe- 
cies of learning. He disliked the idea of 
sending out professors in every branch of 
.literature, with immense stipends, who, 
on coming back to this country, upon a 
few years residence, would have expected 
large pensions, by which the funds of the 
Company must have been overburdened. 
He did not wonder that one of the most 
elegant scholars of the age^—that a noble^ 
man of such talents— should, in his 
auxknis desire to forward the interests of 
learning, promote such an establishment. 
He conceived, however, that it would not 
answer the object sought to be obtained. 
Itwaatdomuch to ext>ect, that young 
gentlemen would descend from therof- 
frMpn,— where they had been displaying 
tbdr acquirements in philosophy, politi- 
cal economy, jurisprudence, mathematics, 
natural philosophy, the law of nations, 
and other high branches of human know- 
ledge,— to count bales and to measure 
musHns. — {Lamghier.) He felt that it 
was not right nor necessary to make all 
dieir young servants (focfof* and mofis^ 
r^«rer,before t hey had gone through subor- 
(Unate sltuatiooswlth credit, and obtained 
tiiat rigid integrity, that Immoveable firm- 
nesB of character, which years only could 
aapply— 4»efore they had learned, that, 
wlilch was nsosl important to a great 
commercial body, a perfect knowledge of 
tbe Company's trade. — {Hear! Hear /) 
Surely, If they wished to form a good and 
active merchant, they wonld not com- 
mence by making him a Doctor of Laws 
or an ejppounder of pkUosophf. This 
constituted one strong- ground of objec- 
tion. Another vi^as this >— He always 
tiMMight that their young servants ought 
tolw bred in the British land, under the 
immediate eye of tbefar parents and tulon, 
who. If they manifiBsted any vidoua pro- 
Msitlet, oonki at once place a salatary 
cttaHi 9m tbeB^r-'Whfle ihoae wfae mj^ 



ported the Calcutta establishment, pro- 
posed that the young men should pass 
three years of their early life in a debili* 
tating climate, and surrounded by every 
incentive to vice; for they all knew well^ 
that there were not wanting persons in 
India, who, relying on the expectancies 
of young gentlemen, would lend them 
money, in the hope of receiving exorbi- 
tant interest, at a future day. He, on 
the contrary, was anxious that this cri- 
tical period of life, when the seeds of 
vice or of virtue were always sown, should 
be spent in England, where the mind and 
the body would b*; invigorated and im* 
proved, instead of sending the youths to 
a country, where the probability was that 
both would be threatened, if not destroy- 
ed. His honomable friend did him the 
justice to admit, that, in opposing the 
Calcutta college, money was not the mo- 
tive by which he was actuated. Certain- 
ly it was not. His opposition was not 
founded on the desire of efiecting a pahry 
saving. No — ^the mind was far above all 
questions of money — and ibis was a ques- 
tion of mind. He stated this at the time 
— and he stated farther, that he did not 
wish to exchange one university for ano; 
ther— that he did not want that fault to 
be committed here, which he regretted 
had been committed in India. But, the 
proprietors had no sooner countenanced a 
seminary for 80 or 90 students, than the 
gentlemen behind the bar ran wild. In* 
stead ci Si school they immediately created 
an university. As if the mania of India 
had reached the directors in England, 
they instantly appointed professorships of 
all descriptions— of philosophy, of the» 
ology, of humanity and philology, of civil 
jnrisprudeuce, of the law of nations, of 
the political economy and finance of rhe- 
toric, of mathematics, and of history^. 
Instead of sending out writers qualified 
for the purposes of commerce, tliey pre- 
pared to pervade India with an army of 
yooBg Oroiiuses andPufendor/Sy'^whoao 
qualifications were too high for the situa* 
tions they were intended to fill,— whose 
miudsooald not descend to the dradgery of 
the counting-house, after they had been 
stimulated, by honours and rewards, to 
become proficients in every species of lite- 
rary attainment. This was not the instil 
tution that he had contemplated, although 
he might be diarged with favouring the 
system. HappHy, however, writing re» 
mained when words were forgotten— and 
he now held in his hand, the reflolntiona 
moved by himself in 1805, on which the 
institataott at Hertford was founded. Hit 
▼lews would dearly appear from that dD» 
enmeBt, which he begged leave to !• 
lead :— ^* Rewrfved, That thia eonrt doth 
highly appnife of aoestabfishnieat IB' the 

eQiintiry» for the edontlon olyovthd^^ 



laiy.j 



Deiale at the East'India Hotue, 



157 



signed for the Company's civil serrice iu 
iiMUa^ and promises itself the happiest 
cooseqeiences, from' a system which, in. 
•teadof sending oat writers to India at too 
tender an age to admit of fixed or settled 
ftrlttcipleff, proposes previously to perfect 
them, as much as possible, in classical and 
liberal learning, and thoroughly to ground 
them in the religion, the constitution, 
and thelaw6 of their country ; sothatwlien 
called aponi to administer their functions 
abroad, they may be mindful of the high 
monil obligations nnder which they act, 
ami 9f themaxims of the British govern> 
neat, whose character for justice, fi'ee< 
dom, and beoeroleuce, they will feel it 
their duty and their pride to support." He 
was quite satisfied, thatsacha seminary 
ttfl he then contemplated would have 
afforded the young gentlemen an educa^ 
tioB perfectly suited to the situation in 
wbieh they were to be placed. As many 
of theny would, in time, arrive at the dig- 
nity of residents and judges, he was 
a&xioufl that they should have fluch a libe- 
ral edacation as woald ehable them to dis- 
diarge their functions with propriety. 
Therefore, they were io be accomplished 
ia classical learning, and to be thoroughly 
graaaded in the eastern languages, which 
fliast be their medium of oommtmication 
arith those whom they governed. During 
these three yean they would here learn 
those leMioAs Ot moralit)', which were too 
frequently neglected abroad ;' and, when 
they weat out to India, they would carry 
wHh them all these valuable preceptii 
Which they had imbibed at home — a deep 
respect for religion — a knowledge of the 
great and leading principles of English 
law—- and a ctetermination, founded on that 
knowledge, to render the constitution of 
their country revered and admired, where- 
ever it was administered. Such was his 
view, when he proposed the establishment 
of a tckooL But what had the court of 
directors done ? Their first step (and he 
heard it with shame and astonishment) 
was, to clothe those boys in the costume of 
Oxford and Cambridge ! If any one cir- 
cumstance oould contribute more than 
another to create those difficulties and pro- 
dnoe that iasabordioation which his ho- 
poorable friend bad mentioned— it was the 
idacmg this dress on boys of 15 or 16, and 
thus nourisluug sentiments of pride and 
arrogaaoe in their minds till they became 
too strong to be managed, and set at de- 
fiance the oommaads of those who were 
placed over them. This was certainly the 
act best calculated to produce such effects. 
He wondered that the colleges of Oxford 
and Cambridge coi^d sujfer such a mock- 
ery in silence. He was surprised that some 
oi those members of government who had 
OBfiB worn the academic gown, which mast 
he 4«ir ta them, because it connected with 
it Kf mmi^oi themost pleartng recaUeo- 



tions, did not remonstrate against such an 
assumption. If any thing prevented them 
from seriously noticing it, it could only be 
those lighter feelings which the exhibition 
must have created. The speech of his 
honourable friend went to admonish tbft 
court that they ought to proceed to the 
abolition of the college. Now, although 
he objected to the maimer in which it was 
conducted, he did not feel prepared for its 
abolition. He said, reform the establish* 
ment. Let the court of directors retrace 
their steps, aiid treat the students as boys, 
instead of filling them with ideas of manly 
consequence and proud independence. He 
would advise them to do by the young 
writers as they had done by their cadets at 
Addiscombe. He was present during tha 
last examination at that establishment, 
and, so gratifying was the scene, that it 
was hardly possible for any person to re^ 
press the powerful feelings which it excii* 
ed. He could scarcely avoid giving way to 
enthusiasm of the most ardent kind^ 
when he saw 60 youths, clothed in the 
plainest manner, but still \h costume, go 
through their various exercises with the 
utmost correctness and propriety. He saw 
thein travel through different problems in 
the mathematics, with the same ease as 
an ordinary youth would repeat his 
French dialogues. But, what most de- 
lighted him was,the infinite modcstyof their 
deportment, which rendered every thing 
they did peculiarly interesting, and lent an. 
additional grace to their ]>erfonnance8^-« 
(Hear! hear I) He never beheld a more in- 
teresting or a more excellent set of youths; 
and he never saw a baud of boys more 
accomplished, more polite to strangers, or 
more obedient to their tutors. This was 
not a college^ it was a school. Let them, 
then, turn Hertford college into a school 
— let the students be treated as at the 
public schools like boys, who ought to be 
made to feel if they would not learn — and 
he was counnced that subordination and 
regularity would soon take the place of 
disorder and idlenees. In a few years after 
the institution of the college at Hertford, 
he found that everything was going wrung. 
He heard that the b<»ys were growing 
wild, and, instead of being informed that 
they were proceeding quietly with their 
studies, nothing but histories of conduct 
the most extravagant and disgracefiilreach- 
ed his ears. So shameful were the circum- 
stances related to him, that he concluded, 
irregularity and audacity had been adver- 
tised as the qualifications necessary to en- 
title them to appear as candidates for elec- 
tion into the college. He thought it his 
duty to interpose— and he procured a new 
regulation to be adopted — ^namely, that 
annually there should be laid before the 
court an account of the number of youths 
in the college— their degree of proficiency 
in different branches of learnhig— -rcportu 

Vol. Ill, Y . 



15S 



BtbeUe at the Easi^btdw SRnUt. 



CBxii. 



#f their progress in oriental literature- 
together with a statement of the expenses 
of the institution. Here he must ohserFe, 
that the snm originally voted, did not, he 
laelieved, more than half build and furnish 
the college* But he would not quarrel upon 
that account. He would not find £ault 
with their magnifioenoe. A great and so- 
vereign corporation ought to act fully up to 
their dignity, he therefore had not repined 
at hearing that the directors had erected a 
splendid pile ; he had never seen it, but 
9uch was his information. It might indeed 
appear whimsical, but such was the fact, 
that he, who, by his motion in that court, 
had as far as respected the authority of the 
proprietois, laid the comer stone of the 
institution, had never seen the outside of 
the edifice at Hertford. This circumstance 
did not create any feelings of acerbity in 
his mind. But it was at least whimsical, 
that the individual who moved that there 
dtould be such an institution, had not a 



momentary extravagance, and hu passed 
away. You should not forget what great 
and splendid characters have, in their 
early career df life, been marked byftwlts 
and even vices— who have neverthciess 
by their learning and their accomplish- 
ments made ample atonement for their ju- 
venile errors. So, you will say, these young 
men have done, when you see how deeply 
they are read in oriental and classical 
learning — when you mark their great pro-* 
gress in the mathematics^ in the study of 
philosophy — and of every other species of 
knowledge : when you refisr to that re» 
port which your standing order directs 
should be annually laid before vou, yoa 
will see how they eclipse all their prede* 
cessors— apd delighted with the aocouiK 
you will exclaim, ^* let us continue the 
college wHh all its errors, provided we 
can send out such prodigies of learning 
and ability !" But let the court elieek ifs 
exultation ; let it look at the very Jast le- 



9ard to admit him to witness the laying of ports of the progress of education at the 



the first stone of the building.— (//iear/ 
hear I) But, though he had not viewed the 
edifice, he had kept a strict eye on the con- 
duct within —and he felt the utmost de^ 
gree of shame and compunction at hearing 
that the students were in the frequent 
commission of every species of offence. 
Not only rustications had taken place, 
but explosion after expulsion was resorted 
to, wiUiout effect. Some of the students, 
as stated by his honourable friend, had been 
di4gged before the magistrates for outra- 
geous assaults, if not for something worse. 
Insurrections, and every kind of disorder and 
irregularity were ccmtinually occurring. 
Tlie young lads were not principally to 
bUmie. The executive body were account- 
able for this misrule— they who had in- 
vested them with robes and thus turned 
their brains with vanity and folly. He had 
* seen with what feelings of pride it filled the 
youthful breast, at the university, where, 
dui'ing the first year, the wearer of the gi$wn 
would often sally forth in order to display 
it — and where among much older subjects 



college, and they would find but little 
room for pride. These reports were ev|« 
dently drawn up with all that tendemeM 
which usually characterized instruments 
of this kind. He did not mean to con** 
demn the feelings which influenced pre« 
ceptors to lean as lightly as possible on 
the errors of their pupils. It was a gooA 
and praiseworthy principle. 
« fie to their faults a little Mind, 
" Be to their virtues very kind, 
" And clap a padlock on the mind %**- 
it was the wise and proper medium hf 
which the conduct of tutors ought to be 
regulated. 

He would now refer to the " mi- 
nutes of the general court held in 
September, for the purpose of receiving 
the report of the college council, as to the 
result of the general examination of the 
students." He had, when that report 
was laid before them in September lasty 
profisssedly avoided entering into its con- 
sideration, but intimated that he shouM 
call the attention of the court to it on 



than the youths at Hertford, the excess of some future occasion ; and he would itv- 



self-importance would sometimes generate 
licentiousness.— It would, Mr. Jackson said, 
have been a great consolation to him, if 
the court of directors, in their places, 
making an honest report to the proprietors, 
had been able to say : — << It is very true, 
all those offences, all those irregularities, 
all those errors, which you so justly re- 
probate^ and which are so highly re- 
prehensible, have taken j>lace — but see 
what has been accomplished as to 
learning. Soe what men we are about 
to send out as the ornaments and up- 
holders of our Indian territories. Be- 
hold whit proficients they are in the ori- 
ental languages, in philosophy, io jori^ 
prudence* in classics, in mathematics! 
Wa admi^ they harc been a little turbu- 
lentj but that wm merely the ctfeot of 



form the proprietors why, when the re- 
port was introduced, mor6 had not been 
said on it. About the period when it 
was deemed necessary to bring this ques- 
tion forward, five or six young men were 
under sentence of expulsion, and their 
friends were at the foet of every gentte- 
man who was in the habit of 'stating hi« 
sentimeuts in tliat court, beseeching theiii 
not to stir the question at that moment^ 
as they hoped to soften and propitiate the 
college council towards their misguided 
relatives. His hon. friend (Mr. Huiae) 
though completely possessed of all the 
materials necessary to place the Biaiter 
fully before the court, would not. In con- 
sequence of Hits application, Mng it for« 
ward. « I will not," said his hon. friend, 
*<bethe means of -mMm one mm to 



16170 ' IMale at Ihe East'India House: 150 

those you alieady feel $ 'till the business leandng. Ulie next para^aph iof the r&i 
» aettlecl and deeMed, I will not say a port was as follows : — <f the ^ex^minatioa 
word abeut it." He had scrupulously kept lists annexed to these minutes were then 
his promise—but the time was now oame, laid before the committee, and that of the 
when it was necessary that every circum- students who have obts^n^ medals, prizes^ 
atanoe oonnected with the subject should and other honourable distinctions, was 
be stated. What theti said the report of read to them by the principal, who re- 
Dec. 1815? <* the Chaiiman stated, he mdx}Le^ X\idX, notwithstanding the late nn< 
found that the determination of the court, fortunate proceedingSy the great hadg of 
ODtheappBcationofthestudents^wastodis- the students had remained orderly — (or-^ 
pense with the test in favour of those who derly ! excIaimedMr. Jackson, the lads at 
had failed in patting the orif^tal te^t,*' the charter .house would have been flogged 
This, observed Mr. Jackson, was a ooUege to death for the flagitious conduct indidged 
ioBtitaled for the express purpose of at- in at Hertford college !) — ^'andthelitera* 

ture of the college did not appear to have 
sustained any material injury" This 
was pretty consolation indeed ! — ^Well, six 
months of reflection having been given to 
the young gentlemen, he now came to the 
last examination, which took place iil Mayy 
1816: — " Minutes of the committee of 
college, held on the 30th of May 1816, foif 
the purpose of receiving the report of th9 
college council, as to the result of the ge- 
neral examination of the students. Thd 
coimcil had consequently laid before the 
committee^f college a report y which was 
read in graeral court, containing a view of 
the literature of the college in the term 
then on the point of expiration. By this 
report it appeared, that the Asiatic lan^- 
guages had seldom been cultivated with 
marked, however, to them, that the covart greater zeal and success than by a cons!" 
had complied with the recommendation of derable proportion of the senior students { 



perfection in the oriental Ian- 
gU0g€M-^it was to readec unnecessary the 
flftahlishmeDts at Caksutta and Madras, in 
Older that, through it, tbi eastern tongues 
should be studied at home-^and here, at 
at the very outset of the report there ap- 
peared to be a faihire in the primary ob- 
ject for the attainment of which it was in> 
stitttted. 'llie report proceeded thus — 
^ the determination of the court, on the 
Moommendation of the oriental professors 
and visitor, had not been communicated 
to the college council. The number of stu- 
dents who had failed, and who conse- 
quently applied to the court to dispense 
unth the oriental test^ was only five, and 
the court's determination was to comply 
with theur application. The Chairman re- 



the said professors and visitor, to dispense 
with the test, in favour of those atudents, 
bat that he should take care the minute 
was so worded, as not to give any eneou- 
ragement. to futuro remissness — it being 
impossible that the like indulgence could 
be again granted,** Thus the pro- 
prietors were paying j^ 20,000 a year, 
iar the suppoit of this college, indud- 
ug interest on the money expended 
in building, &c. in the expectation that it 
would supersede all other establishments 
•f a similar nature, and what was the re- 
Bolt ? the young men were unable to get 
over this miserable test known to be a set 
Jaw-«they applied to the court of direc- 
tor for indulgence, who immediately fur- 
nished them with certificates of ignorance 
—and sent them out to India.— f^Iaff^A- 
f#r^--But it miglit be said, " the orien- 
tal languages are, we know, difficult of pro- 
aondation, and the chamctersare a httle 
cramp, so that a young man cannot imme- 
lUateiy fomiliarise his tongue to the one, 
iMr his optics to the other. Well, well, 
let IIS overlook this test hi the eastern laa- 
gnagcs, which seem so very hard. Doubt- 



that the condition of the European lite^ 
rature was not quite so favourable, the 
importance of the classical and mathe* 
matical branches not appearing to be so 
highly appreciated by the generality of the 
studertts, as it had been in some formev^' 
periods" This was a pretty specimen of 
subordination and docility. It was here 
admitted that the students were the ma(^- 
ters. They were to select the branches 
of literature, which it was proper to study 
— they, not their tutors, were to appre-^ 
date the value of different kinds of learn- 
ing ; and, when a young gentleman found 
the study of Greek and Latin to be a bore, 
he had only t» put on his cap and gown^ 
and stroll into Hertford in search of m» 
aety^-^f Laughter) — In his^ time, wheA 
the youth walked about in^this maBmer, 
they were accustomed to call it lounging, 
and many of them thought it much better 
than learning — but, one time or other tfaef 
were undeceived. ** But," contimied the 
report, " the council were willing to hope, 
that that state of feeling** (out of Whiehi 
said Mr. Jackson,) the students ought to 
liave been whipped) ** would not became 



leas the young aiea arc^-de^y skived in permtment in the college, or preftaii U 

the dead laogoages, and one woald not euch a degree ae to defeat those wUte and 

be too sevens om such accomplished das- liberal vUws which embraced a sound Bm^ 

ilfls." He would, by and by, state to the ropeeat education, as one of themost es^ 

cointtiieirpraficleDoyindBSBcalandma* sentitd oi^ects of the institution i that 

thematifal kuombo^, whkhappeand (o the class last adinitted had not shewd any 

•V# tte>.4ii^pla{pd by tb»in cftientia ^pv&tiouiouMubrttUi themseh^'Xtb^ 

Y 2 



160 Debate at the East^lndia Hotae.' ' [^Fbb; 

might, then, he supposed, withdraw Hterarif application wereyerymte I (Hear f 

themselves if they pleased !) " from that Hear I). Let the proprietors tUeii, whe* 

(^ass of study; that, with few £xc£p- things were so situated, throw Ibemselve* 

TioNS, there had been throughputs the at the feet of goTernment, and ask for the 

college a pretty general disposition to neoessai7 powers — not to abolish the ip«* 



vursue, to a certain extent, some 
hraneh of knowledge or other." Indeed, 
remarked Mr. Jackson, the young gentle- 
knen appear determined not to kill them- 



stitution , (God forbid that any establish- 
ment, where learning might be advanced, 
should bit abolished) — but to reform and 
regulate it I Let them beseech the legis- 



selves prematurely, by too severe an ap- lature, for..the sake of their children, for 
plication to study — they felt, it seemed, the honour of their country, for the secu- 
'' a pretty general disposition to pm*sue-T- rity and advantage of our Indian empire. 



some branch of knowledge or other." 
They had made up their minds, with a few 
exceptions, not to pass their time in a 
'state of entire and complete idleness. — 
(Laughter.) — " And," continued the 
report, *' the instances had been very rare 
of an abandonment of all literary applica- 
tion !*' Now, was it possible, on reading 
inch a statement as this, for any man to 
preserve his gravity ? And yet there were 
very grave considerations connected \\\i\\ 
this report. It was a grave consideration, 
that this establisment, which costs;£^20,000 
per ann, did uot answer the end proposed. 
It was a matterof very grave consideration, 
that the manner in which the college had 
been conducted, was so repugnant to every 
pHnciple of order and morality, as to pre- 
vent individuals from sending their sons 
there. He knew a gentleman, who, from 
his situation in life, could procure a 
Writership whenever he pleased ; but he 
rejected the gift, "because," observed 
be, '' I cannot trust the morals of my 
son amidst the irregularities that have 
notoriously existed at tlie East India Col- 
lege.*' He had therefore given him an- 
other destination in life, which cost him 
a very considerable premium, because he 
did not dare to send him to Hertford. 
That part of the report which stated, 
** that the instances had been very rare of 
an abandonment of all literary applica- 
tion /" demanded peculiar notice. So, 
aft«r eleven y^ars experience, the utmost 
they could say for this college, on which 
nearly three or four hundred thousand 
pounds had been expended, was to be 
found in this i*eport! The proprietors 
wei« now to congratulate themselves, be- 
catise the last report was so animated, so 
consolatory and cheering, as to inform 
them, that the young gentlemen were de- 
termined to act better than they bad done 
*— ^that though some of them did not ap- 
preciate the mathematics very highly, and 
i>thera thought classical learning of no 
great importance, yet they would apply 
themselves to something or other ; and 
Aat oat of all this band of students 
Bcai'cely any one young gentleman could 
be nttmed, who would not cultivate to a 
€^t8in extent some brandi of learDiog-* 
and ,finally, they, the proprietors, the pay- 



to interfere, and correct acknowledged 
abuse in this establishment ! Let it be re^ 
duced to its proper designatiou, •a^rAooJ 
for higher boys. Let that mummery, 
which had created so much evil, be strips 
ped from tjieir backs ! fur it was moin* 
mery when assumed by an institution, 
which possessed no endowment, which 
could confer no degrees!., lliat robe» 
when regularly worn, in its proper place, 
designated the rank and literary staition of 
the wearer. At Hertford, it only inspired 
the young men with ideas of piivileged 
independence, and had gneaily contribut- 
ed to those disasters and irregularitiea 
which were the general subject of com- 
plaint. Jt was, however, always wise and 
proper to retrace our steps, when they 
appeared to be manifestly wronfi. Go* 
vernments, like individuals, were subject' 
to error. To acknowledge it, was not dia*- 
gracefnl in either case. The college was 
intended for. the best of purposes— it was 
meant, nobly and honourably — but it had 
not fulfilled the expectations that were 
formed of it. Instead of a blessing tt'had 
become a misfortune and a biioe. It gave 
us vice, when we asked for learning !— • 
licentiousness when we looked for good 
order and propriety ! — idleness and diii~ 
order, when we expected docility and 
subordination I Still, he would say, an* 
nihilate it not, but reform it, and it 
would ultioAitely answer its own purposes 
and those of the Company [-^{Hear /) 
His hou . friend seemed toallude to a passage 
in the speech delivered by a noble baroo, 
the chancellor of one of the universities, and 
a genuine friend of learning. He (Mr. J.) 
conceived that he had embodied some of 
the noble lord's sentiments in the obser- 
vations which he had made. His lord- 
ship said, the youth that are designed 
for India, instead of being isolated, ought 
to be placed in a sftuation where their 
first lesson would be to value, as it ought 
to be valued, the honest indepeudenoeof 
British feeling — to venerate the constita- 
tion of their oountry"^aod lo revere its re- ' 
ligiOB $ for those who lored and respected 
them would always abhor tyranny and 
oppression ; and where could they toam 
those mond and political lesions so' well 
in a doe mixture of society In this 



masters of the institution, were* told, that oooatry ? He himself used the same sen- 
uiatances of an utter abandomaent V. ^ tUnentt eleven years leP-^wd b« iMipwl 



1817.3 

then, as he thought now, that those prin- 
d(des might be cultivated at Hertford. 
But, when those who ought to have main- 
tained their power over the institution, 



Debate at the East-India House. 



fei 



{A laugh !) What would the world thinfc 
of a college, sanctioned by the East India 
Company, in which two staircases were 
palled down, and one of the Professors was 



suflered their authority to be wrested from fired at through his window ? The stair- 



them, even for a moment— when due sub- 
mission to college laws was derided, and 
proper subordination to those who ad- 
ministered them ceased to be obsen'ed, it 
cmild not be expected that the establish- 
ment should succeed ; and those who al- 
lowed such a state of things, ceased to be 
the friends, and became the worst ene- 
mies of those young gentlemen. If any 
proprietor, after reading the report, could 
doubt of the insubordination and general 
laarity of maniigement that had existed, it 
wottld astonish him not a little — and, if 
the fact were admitted, he shouM be still 
more surprised, if any gentleman should 
imagine^that reform and regulation were 
unnecessary. What he had addressed to 
the court, was dictated by the most dis- 
interested views for the welfare of the 
young gentlemen. He was not a father him- 
self, though much identified with young 
people, and his sentiments towards them 
partook of the solicitude of a parent. He 
felt, that when lie gave them morals, he 
bestowed on them more than the wealth 
t)f worlds could purchase; and, when he 
gave them education, that he placed them 
on a level with the most elevated charac- 
ters. No man was more exalted in this 
country than the man of education*— no 
man was more honoured or esteemed 



cases were now so formed that only six 
conspirators could ^tand on each, instead 
of twelve. This was done to prevent thenr 
from mustering in too much force. The 
building was a very simple one, without 
any unnecessary ornament about it, and 
it should have taught the young men sim- 
plicity of manners. Gentlemen of liberal 
education, and who had been taught how 
to conduct themselves with modesty and 
propriety, were alone fit to be sent out ta 
India ; and, if they sent young men from 
this college, who had not a just sense of 
subordination, to their Indian territories^ 
they would probably create as much con- 
fusion there, as they had done at Hertford. 
He understood, that, over every six young* 
men in the college, a captain was placed r 
he was accountable for their conduct^ 
and was a sort of bail for their good be- 
haviour. Undoubtedly this was one re- 
gulation, that a young man of sober ha- 
bits and modest demeanour should live 
on each staircase, and be accountable for- 
the rest of the students in that part of the 
building. One vvould suppose, yirhen he 
stated this, that he was speaking of New- 
gate, or of some other prison for felons^ 
and not of a college. Now what was all 
this owing to ? It was owing to the co#- 
tume in which the students had been 



than the man of moral worth.— (Lowrf clothed, to which the learned gentleman 



applause.) 

Mr. Lowndes, having the advantage of 
the learned gentleman, who declared that 
he had not seen Hertford college, was 
anxious to address the court. After 
hearing so brilliant a speech, and so very 
much to the purpose, little remained for 
him to say; he had, however, lately vi- 
sited the college at Hertford, and he 
could assure the proprietors that every 
thing the two preceding speakers had 
said, was strictly true. He had heard 
the same account at the college : — And, 
when he wjis told of the misconduct of 
the young men, he felt ashamed, lest 
he should be tnown as a proprietor of 
East India stock, and that the people 
should hoot at him, as he went along, as 
one of those who supported such a profli- 
gate establishment. — (A laugh,) He 
spoke with great sincerity on this subject, 
for what must he feel who was conscious 
that he had contributed to uphold an 
institution, which was the terror of the 
neighbourhood ? When he looked to the 



had very justly referred, as filling thent 
with over-weening pride and arrogance! 
The moment they were placed in thcfr 
caps and gowns, they conceived themselves 
to be an order of beings raised^ ^ above 
the level of other men ! It was the rc^ 
fraining from such fopperies that made the 
college of cadets conduct themselves with 
such signal propriety — it was giving way to 
them, that caused the writers to act so in« 
correctly. They considered that they were 
the relations of directors, and that those 
who had placed them in the college would' 
protect them in every thing they did, 
'ITierefore, they were determined to act 
just as they pleased: At Eton, Winches- 
ter, and other great schools, none of the 
young men gave themselves such intoler- 
able airs. The reason was, because edu- 
cation was there looked upon as every 
thing— -and, if one young man appeared to 
be more learned than another, he was h^ 
in estimation accordingly. That was the 
only distinction which prevailed. Now, if 
the writers were, in many instances, the 



conduct of the rioters, who had lately relations of' men high in power in India, 



alarmed the inhabitants of this great city, 
and compared it with the proceedings of 
the« young men, it appeared like a far- 
iMng rushlight placed in competition 
wHh a tantile <ff ftwr to the pound. '^ 



they ought not, therefore, to give them- 
selves airs, since it was an adventitious 
circumstance, from which they could claim 
no merit. From what he had heard, he 
thought it would be hflMar, U, ipstosd of 



162^ Debate ai the East'India Houie. C^bsw 

pemutting Mf. Temper to return to India, done at Hertford college, and there would 
tbey would send him to Hertford college, be a second edition of the unfortunate bo- 
as professor of honesty, a few lectures on siness at Madras. Let the court consider 
which obsolete quality would be very the example their servants ought to set, 
useful there, and do quite as much good and take along with it the character thos« 
as those delivered on jurisprudence.— young men would bring out with them, 
(Laughter. J 'Vhe reason he advised ^his and it was not difficult to foretell the issue, 
was, because the students ran in debt with The letter which his hon. friend (Mr. 
til the people in the neighbourhood, with- Hume) had read, affected him very deeply* 
out any prospect of paying them. Their It was impossible to hear a father com* 
character had become so notorious, that plaining that his son's morals had been de- 
no person would trust them for a pint of stroyed — that he was lost to him and to 
wim^^the money was obliged to be put society, in consequence of his connection 
down, before they would be served.— with the £ast India college — and not 
(LaughferJ He mentioned this circum- be visited by painfid reflections. Such 
stance to one of the professors. 'What a letter harrowed up every feeling of 
did he say ? He stated, that a bit of a the soul. What must be the sensations 
J^acBs had taken place a few weeks be- of the father when he v^rote thus of 
fore— for the students, it appeared, instead a son, whose faults he would naturally 
0^. paying their washerwoman had flung mention with more delicacy than tiiose ell 
missiles at her. He observed, that this an alien to his Uood ? Yet look at the 
was very extraordinary conduct in young picture he had drawn— could it be more 
men of fifteen or sixteen; but the pro- highly coloured? Could they have astronger 
feasor expressed a hope, that they would, proof of the immorality of the college XhatA 
in future, behave better than they had was to be found in the letter, in which a 
done. One distinguishing feature between father detailed the destruction of his son ? 
their college at Hertford and those of Win- What he wondered at was, the little, pro^ 
Chester, kton, and Westminster, was, that gress that had been nuidein the reformation 
the youths in the latter great establish- of the establishment. Thatletteryifheun- 
ments a<ted up to the point of true ho- derstood correctly, was written two years 
nonr. 'lliey paid their debts, and behaved ago ; but long since that period disorder 
themselves with strict decorum to all who and irregularity continued to prevail. He 
approached them It was, therefore, but had been at Oxford, where no man could 
just to infer, that their minds were better be educated under j^300 a year. Now 
regulated, and their habits more calculated those young men at Hertford received a^ 
to procure esteem and respect, than those good an education for jflOO a year, as cost 
of the young men at the East India College, an Oxford man j£300 ; and this considenb- 
Indeed, from the supf rcilious conduct of tiou, if there were no other, ought to fill 
the latter, it might be Supposed that they them with feelings of gratitude, and teach 
had got into their heads the story of the them to prize very highly the benefits thai 
lady of quality, who described persons of were bestowed on them, instead of acting 
rank as nature's china, and looked with in a way which proved they were unworthy 
contempt on the rest of mankind as her of such blessings. They lived in a state of 
oomn^ou crockery, — (Laughter,) Now, the greatest luxury. When he visited 
if those young gentlemen could be taught Hertford, he saw fourteen geese on th^ 
that they were common crockery, it would table, and he imagined he beheld so many 
be doing them a great deal of service.— proprietors of East India stock. — (Laughm 
(Laughter.) Hecould not help thinking, ter) It was along time supposed that 
that .those youths lay in bed in college, the soldiers of Great Britain were not so 
and ruminated on the probability of their brave as her sailors ; but that fallacy was 
one day being very great men in India; now exploded — they wei'e found to be 
and, perhaps, such waking dreams had cousins german— made of the same stuff— • 
filled them with those high notions of im- formed of precisely the same stout materi* 
poitauce, which had produced disorder als. The young men at Westminster, at 
and insubordination . — ( Cries of question /) Eton, &c. were, in like manner, composed 
The hon. proprietor was sony to find^ of the same elements as those who were 
that, when a subject of this nature was placed at Hertford College. Whence, then, 
touched on In an impressive manner^^ arose the difference in their conduct ? U 
(kuich laughter) — there generally were was evidently produced by the difference of 
imarks of impatience and disapprobation, education. At Hertford, a school had been 
He had stated his authority for what he turned into an university, and the lads 
had advanced. The court had heard what were sent there with gowns and caps, lik« 
his hou. friends had said— and he com- grown-up gentlemen, their parents no( 
jdetely agreed with them, that, unless the knowing what to do with them for the 
court of directors reformed the college, the three years which preceded their emharka* 
college would reform them 1 For, if they tion for India.— (XWetf qf '* QuestionJ'Ji 
«ent those wild young men out to India, The lion, proprietor trusted»as this was a 
thcQr «oii)d do the vau» (here as they had question of importanoe, and ouicemed thp 



Ddate at the East Jndta-Houie. 



16^ 



character of their servantSy that the court lately threw the city into oonfiisioii. The 

^mmld sttfler him to proceed. He was in^- latter were ignorant, and might have been 

^rmed that, at Hertford, a person was ap- led by designing men into the commission 

pointed who acted as an espiony or spy, of crime ; but the former were persons to 

between the masters and the boys. This, whom all the advantages of a good educai> 

he imderstood, was absohitdy necessary, tion were afforded, and whose abuse of 

Hie only way in which the spirit of insub- those advantages was inexcusable. — (Loud 

ordination could be kept down, was by cries of '* Question.*') The hon. proprie- 

appointtng an individual who would state- tor ag&m adverted to the necessity of in* 

to the professors any germ of discontent stilling principles of morality into the 

that nrig^t appear in the minds of the minds of their youthful servants — andcon«> 

fmaag men. This formed another, and a eluded with quoting Pope's well-known 

very distinguishing fieature of that college; lines, (which he hoped would be placed 

for In no other seminary in England was a in large characters of gold in some conspi- 

peison employed to perform the duties of cuous part of the college,)— 



a spy between the professors and the stu- 
dents. IHd not this most decisively shew 
the necessity of reform ? He wOuid not 
My that the professors did not do their 
doty ; but he wouild assert, that the me- 
chanism of the college was defective, and, 
if they did not give it a different form, the 
machine would stop. Let the gown and 
cap be immediately taken from the young 
men. Tlie cap of liberty, or rather of li- 
oentiomness, ought to be immediately re- 
moved from the college. The students, 
when they put it on, acted as if it were the 
bonnet rouge, and thought while they 
wore it, they were privileged to do any thing 
they pleased. What was Great Britain, in 
«xtent or population, compared with the 
countries theseyoung men would be sent to 
govern } They would be placedin high situa- 
tions in India ; and, as they were tobe so ele- 
vflted,it Would be the salvationof our eastern 
territories, if they were taught justice and 
forbearance, and moderation, before they 
were sent out. They ought to learn the 
difficult task of goveming'themselves, be- 
fore they attempted to govern others. It 
was of for more importance that they 



'' A wit's a feather, and a chief 'js a rod, 
*' An honest man's the noblest work; 
of God." 

The Chairman. — ^ I found it neeessary 
to place a check upon my mind, lest the 
rioquence of the learned gentleman, who 
recently addressed the court, should run 
away with me, as it appears to have dent 
with himself. The discussion which hat 
been entered into by the three last speaken 
would have been applicable, if a motion on 
the state of the college had been before the 
court. But, in my opinion, what has 
passed embraced a great deal of matter 
quite irrelevant to the motion f had th« 
honour to propose. That motion merely 
goes to this proposition -•'' That it is the 
opinion of the court of directoi s, establish- 
ed as this college is, that there should bt 
an additional professo^." Such a propo- 
sition cannot be rendered effectual without 
the concurrence of this court, and that is 
now applied for. All the matters intro- 
duced in the eloquent and long speeches of 
the gentlemen who preceded me, do not 
bear on this quefstion. They have all gono 
should know how to administer the Com- to the general subject of the college, which 
bany's affairs wisely and honestly, than is not before the court. When it is brouglit 
that they should be deeply skilled in the on^er our consideration, many thmgs may 
Oriental languages, and Latin and Greek, be advanced in reply to what has faUen 
though he by no means undervalued those from the hon. proprietors— -many drcum-" 
studies. Let them be taught honesty ; — stances may be stated in justification of 
let them learn to respect persons beneath the college. It is a new establishment^ 



them } — let them no longer imbibe the 
idea that, because individuals were worse 
dressed than themselves, they had a right 
to domineer over them. Those headstrong 
youths acted, at present, as if the country 
aU around was inhabited by a sort of Si- 
berian peasantry, and that they held them 
in a state of vassalage. He never heard 



and various difficulties were to be contend- 
ed against, lliose difficulties were met 
as well as they possibly could have been \ 
and if two or three instances havebeea 
pointed out of persons who have acted im- 
properly, it should be recollected, that 
there were those (and it does not appeal 
quite candid not to have noticed them) 



tnch a character as they bore ; and, if the who had done themselves, and the college 
nroDer authorities did not snecdilv reform the highest credit. It is the decided 

opinion of the court of directors that an 



proper authorities did not speedily reform 
the college, the thing would become in- 
curable. If they sent men to India with 
•ndioutlaw principles— with such an utter 
want of honourable diarader, the neces- 
Mry oonsequence would be, that, in less 
llilui twenty years, they would have 
Ihe peninsula in a complete state of riot 



additional professor is necessary ; and; 
as no other motion has been made, I 
think it would be pro{»er to assent to the 
lesolutlon of the executive body." 
Mr. Hume said, as he had originall 



called the attention of the court to th 



3 

and tDDfosion. Their conduct was worse subject, he should now state his reason 
tfaBtofthemiagiidedSadifldiialswhd fornet moving any resolution. In tb« 



16i 



Debate at the East India House* 



CFbb: 



course of his speech he distinctly observ- 
^, that he would abstain from such a 
proceeding, because he felt that any reso- 
lution relative to the college ought to 
come from the otiier side of the bar. He 
did not act thus from harbouring an idea 
that no motion should be made, but be- 
cause he entrusted that duty, in confi- 
dence, to the executive body. His only 
anxiety was, that an inquiry should take 
place. If it were decided that the col- 
lege ought to be carried on, then, un- 
doubtedly, no person could oppose the ap- 
pointment of the necessary professors; 
but he called on the court of directors not 
to press the resolution now proposed, 
lest, at a future time, this establishment 
might be considered unfit to be continued. 
He trusted they would see the propriety 
^ postponing this resolution, until they 
had taken into the fullest consideration, 
the whole of the affairs of the college^ 
Uliey might then coQie forward with such 
e plan of reform as appeared proper-ofor, 
il was most erident that some reform was 
necessary. He should be most hsq)py to 
•upport the establishment, if it were made 
to produce good, instead of mischief and 
ruin, to those whom the Company meant 
to serve. He had not moved any resolu- 
tion, because he should be sorry that the 
court should stultify itself by proceeding 
to decide, before they had examined. He 
would venture to say, boldly and openly, 
that no answer could be given to the state- 
lueots relative to the college, which had 
that day been laid befiare the court. The 
horn, cbaimum had observed, that many 
things could he advanced in opposition to 
those statements. He, however, would 
assert, that they were facts which could 
not he shaken. They were as open as 
the noon day— «iear and perceptible to all 
who were not wilfully blind. He, there- 
fore, did hope, that, instead of agreeing 
to a' resolution, by whidi an additionsd 
expence would he created by the appoint- 
ment of another professor, a pause would 
be allowed forthepurpose of investigation. 
If alteration be necessary, if reform be 
called for, it ought to be proceeded in 
without loss of time — and, unless ex-^ 
amioation took place, how could they de- 
fiae the proper remedy for any evil or ir- 
regularity? Surely, after what had been 
iaidy the executive body were called upon 
to look into the state of the establishment. 
Ee considered the facts stated, to be per- 
. fectly true, and he would maintain them. 
If, in the face of these facts, the court of 
diiQectprs pressed this resolution, his con- 
fidence in them, with respect to the'col- 
Icge^ would be completely withdrawn. 
The executive body would, in that ease, 
be increasing, instead of diminishing the 
0vils which all honest men must deplore. 
In wl^l he had previouslv offered to the 
eotiriy he appear ed to have been misuudcr* 



stood. What he meant to say was, that, 
without examination and subse()ucnt re- 
form, the college ought not to be suffered 
to exist. He did not express an opinion^ 
unfavourable to education, though he had 
stated his anxiety for the promotion of 
virtue and good conduct. He was the fimi 
advocate of education. To education he 
. owed every thing he possessed. He started 
in life almost without a friend, and indu»« 
try and education were the weapons with 
which he had to carve his way. Since the 
encouragement of education had become a 
prominent feature in the domestic politics 
of this country, he had shewn himself a 
strenuous friend to the system, and had 
become connected with many institutions 
whose object was the general diffusion of 
knowledge. He did not oppose the East 
India College, as a seat of education, but 
as a sink of immorality and vice, of dis- 
order and IrreguUErity. Remove these 
grounds of comi^int, and with them his 
objections would also be removed. He 
hoped, therefore, this subject (it was not 
a light one) would be taken up in the pro- 
per quarter. He would detain the court 
only while he read a short extract from 
the letter to which he had before alluded. 
The unhappy parent said, — " This world 
seems a void to me. I have lost the ob* 
ject, for whom I nourished the most ten- 
der affection, during nineteen years— who, 
I fondly hoped, would have distinguished 
himself by his talents— and done Credit to 
his family and friends by a display of pure 
integrity, and by the exertions of a mind 
which I had endeavoured to fashioa*to the 
highest sense of honour." This was the 
statement of a parent, who \v$a stretched 
upon a sick befl. With such facts as these 
before-them — ^facts that could not be con- 
troverted — he thought, in justice to thenv* 
selves and to the Company, they ought not 
to add to the difficulties which surrounded 
them by. a new appointment. It ought to 
be postponed, nntil the entire affairs of the 
college had been taken into consideration $ 
when such refonn might be brought for- 
ward as the necessity of the case appeared 
to demand. He did, therefore, hope and 
entreat, that the court of directors would 
not press the motion until a proper invea- 
tigation had been completed. 

The Chairman,'^*^ I do not know who 
the gentleman may be, whose letter the hon. 
proprietor has quoted. But, when he laid 
all the blame of his son's misconduct on 
the college, was it perfectly clear to him 
that the young man would not have di^ 
graced himself had he been placed else- 
where ? — {Hear I) As we, behind the bar 
consider the business, (though it is certaiAp' 
ly subject to the approbation of the court of 
proprietors) it is indispensably necessary 
that another professor should inunediatety 
be appointed, leaving the qaestkm of tk* 
aboUtioD of the coUege for consklewl^ii 



1817.3 

at a fiitore fiMod. . I' 4hall ttaerefore pro- ' 
pose ** that tliis ooiurt approve of the reso- 
fiitloii of the court of directors.*' 

• The lesolBtiOB was then carried in the 
aAnaativf . - 

The CAtftnikW.— *' It is necessary, he- 
fore this resolution can hare the effect of 
ar lavr, that it be confirmed by another 
general court ; and, as we have fixed the 



2Mft/e atihe Ead-^India Housed 



liSiT 



collected the nature of the Nepal cam- 
paign, and compared it with that of 1804-& 
(fought partly under the duke of WeUing- 
ton, aod'icondurted entirely under the ad- 
ministration of the marqius Wellesley) 
not to perceive, that, if the Company con- 
ferred honours on those concerned in- the 
former war, and passed over, unnoticed, 
those who were engaged in the latter, to- 



8th of January for a ballot, in the case of ward? the individuals, thus neglected, they 



Mr* Templer, it may be as well to convene 
aoonrt on that day/' 



>f 



EMBASSY TO CHINA. 

The CAffiriiMMi.— " I have to mention 
to the court, that we have heanl, within 



would act unjustly! He knew no man 
who was less likely to be offended with 
what he was about to say, than the mar- 
quis of Hastings ; for he was sure, if there 
was one man in the king's dominions 
slower than another to institute a corn- 



two or three days, of the arrival of parison between the Nepalese and Mah- 



lorn Amherst at Macao. The informa- 
tioD leeeived on thirsnbjeet, not only with 
fderenoe to the safety of his- losdship and 
those with him, but with respect to the 
olijectof his mission, is very satisfoctory." 



ratta wars,— between the campaigns of 
1814-15, and 1804-5, — the noble marquis 
was that man ; and be was not the friend 
of the noble marquis, nor of the Nepal 
army, who would touch on the two cam- 
paigns in the way of compariinon. In the 
course of the Nepal war, he was ready to 
Mr. B, Jackiim said, as the orders of allow, instances of individual valour— in- 



UOKORARY MEDALS. 



the day were now gone through, he rose to 
give formal notiee of hi§ intention to make 
a motion, if drcomstances rendered it ne- . 
ocssaiy, relative to the honours pn^iosed 
to. be oonfierred on the army lately engaged 
iH the Nepal war. From the papers laid 
before the last court, and which were this 
day read, it appMred that it was intended, 
with the saacticm of the Prince Regent, to 
grant medals and badges of honour to the 
Nepal army, with a view to reward their 
vaj^omus adiievements, and that similar 
distinctions were in future to be conferred 
on their troops, in order to encourage 
deeds of gallantry and military daring. No 
roMn could be more happy than himself in 
gfrtog every- degree, of encouragement to 
their army. Those who viewed his con- 
dact, for a long series of years, must have 
peveeived, that military gallantry— tliat 
nilltary merit of every species— ^always 
foand in him an ardent admirer and a 
streauons advocate. He lelt more than 
ordinarily solicitous that the army should 
be property rewarded, because he knew 
that their Indian empire, more than any 
other, depended on the futh and affection 
of their ndlitary force. The indiscrimi- 
nate grant of rewards must, however, 
wteken. their value; and, though he did 
not mean to object to the course proposed 
to be pamied towards those who had been 
engaged in the Nepalese war, still there 
were persons who thou^t, that, instead of 
granting these honoun generally, as in the 
case <tf the heroes of Waterloo, the object 
would be more decidedly attained, if they 
Siagfat out individual instaaoes of merit, 
aad marked them as worthy of particular 
hoMmr. U Is reason, however, for rising 
ysm this— -to prevent the Gimpany, if pos- 
slbla» horn seeming to act with partiality. 
It was fanpoBSibie for amr man, who ra- 
Amtic Jaumal.^^^0. lit. 



stances of heroic bravery— instances in ' 
which great military genius appeared-^ 
were frequently to h^ met with. But in the 
contest of 1804-^ the exertion was still * 
greater, — and, if they overlooked the milt^ 
tary skill and the military prowess then I 
displayed, would they not be ruining the > 
great purpose which they contemplated in i 
granting marks of applause and approba- - 
tion. If they were extravagant in theifr - 
praise of the Nepal army, while thef ' 
totally passed by the troops who had been 
concerned in the Mahratta war, to the • 
latter the world would« declare they had 
acted with injustice. Could they forget • 
that the campaign of 1814-15, though 
snocessfhlly terminated, was a moantaiii • 
war, a war of skirmishes? Could thej 
cease to remember that the contest of' 
1804-5 was distinguished by a series of ) 
severely-fought pitched battles ?—f^i^«af.^ . 
In that war four pitched battles were 
fought, between five and six hundred 
pieces of cannon were taken in the field, 
nine fortified towns were captured, se- > 
venty stands of colours fell into our hands, ■* 
and, as to treasure, baggage, and ammu- " 
nition, the quantity taken was almost be- 
yond enumeration. — (Hear!) A cam- 
paign so splendid in itself hardly admitted * 
of any additional, glory, but it could not 
be forgotten that the names of Wblleslb* « 
and of Wellingtok were closely eonneeted*. 
with it>l In the course of four months,* 
fifty thousand men, equipped and disd- ' 
plined in the best manner, were brought.' 
into the field. They were acting simnl- 
taneously, in every part of India. So well ^ 
arranged was the plan (the history ofr 
the period would scaroely be eredtted in * 
after times) that, on the same daj, oa tbd I 
extreme opposite sides of India, twi^des^' 
perate battles were foaaht, anl in t$^ . 
Vol.. IIL Z 



tsr 



Stdau ai tU E^i^.IM^JSmii 



tS«B^ 



ianbaac^f the Biitiib arms were crowned who • con<j(iiered at Aray^ w w^ ^dl 

vtitli swxeas. Were be to allude only to their Mood al' DeHii, or ai Allyghw* 

the battfe of Asaye, it would, stamp the From that diair, the toM€ of tlia pio- 

^ampaigawilhachacacterof nevtr-fEiding ecedings 15 the Mabraitsi wfir had beea 

glory. But, besiik that great action, clescrifoed as glorioua — from that chur, 

there were also the battles of Delhi j ol when an Ochterlooywaarewardfedyitwafr 

i^a; and of AUyghur. The last men- stated, with ton0ow» that oftber ol|cei» 

turned victory placed them in possession had failed, in the course o£ the eoiU«8( 

of the key of the Mahratta dominions, with Nepa^. Let the court, there(forr» 

and enabled them to. penetrate into the take care, that they we're not too indvcri* 

heart of the enemy's territory. At Assye, nunate in oonferring hopoitn. Let it q«t 

the disparity of numbers was fearful, be said here, or elsewhfr?, that tbey.act^d. 

There, Are thousand of the Company's from the impulse of the moment, and not 

tsoops were opposed to a native army of from judgment and consideration. Let it 

forty thousand men, led by chiefs oi apr not be reported^ that they oompared a 

proved courage and experienoCk Theret mere frontier war with a contest whic^ 

we con(niered, though the victory cost us terminated in the coniplete oowolidnliQi 

dear. One half of our countrymoi were of an empire ! Kia notice now wat,. that» 

f^ dead or wounded on the field oi bat- should the Pripee Regent sigoily hit ^^ 

tie [-^(If^tir / heur t) He said, " our probation 06 granting nednls to the Ni« 

cmmtrymefif* — because, though a part of pal army, he would, o» aome fntnct day^ 

%he force opposed to the. enemy, were na- eA\ die attenti9n of those pcopiietorl* 



tires of India, he should ever consider, aa 
wnrthy of the appellation of countrymen, 
tlMMo who fought and fell in the defence 
of the British interest.— (^Hw)*, he^r /) 
Great, undoubtedly, was the loss sus- 
tained on this occasion ; but still the vic- 
tory was most brilliant: out of one bun- 
drod pieces of cannon which the enemy 
biottgtit into the ileld» we took ninety- 
eight ; and the standards, magasines, and 
iueasures wfakrh fell into our hands, were 
without end ! >>-(H(nir, h ear /) And though 
the 6nemy appeared, at first, to make a 
lepilar retreat, yet their discomfiture soon 
tecminMed in a complete root. The elect 
of this battie was the consolidation of the 
Indian empire— it struck terror into the 
hearts of the native powers-^ud, but for 
the exertions made on that memorable 
occasion, perhaps they would not have 
that day sitting and deliberating in 



who had, more than once, ei^ressed their 
high- sense Of the events oi the campaign 
against the Mahimttas, to the aeeeasity of 
bestowing on the brave soMiefs who had 
been engaged in that ooniest, & proper 
mark of gratitttde and adadration. That 
campaign was, in his opinion, splendid 
beyond aU that had eter ooouaned \m 
India— -beyond all, perhaps, that the Knio*- 
pean woiid oould boast! For, thoi^ 
Alexander and Bonaparte might have 
achieved as many conquests in the same 
time, still, it mast be admitted, that tfaer 
names of those wanriors oocasionod tho 
surrender of as many places aa were oafK 
tared by their arms, wldlaty in this ii^ 
stance, every thing was .gained by hard 
fighting. 

*' When Greek met Greek, then W4a 
the tug of war.* '^ 

the corat. If, ther^re, one gaUant man Every battle was fought even to extremity^ 



existed, who had fought .at Assye, at 
Agra, or at Allyghnr, that man should be 
sought ont and rewarded I If he were not 
honoured, while those who had taken 
^art in the late contest, were distinguished 
and rewarded^ his feelings would be se- 
Teroly woonded.- Gould such a man, 
ivhcn he walked out, and met one of the 
Nepal army, wearing the badge of va- 
lour, forbear placing his hand on bis un- 
eOivered breast, and, recollectiug bis an- 
cteit services, eacdaiming, " is this just ?"* 
Let the Company give no man an oppor- 
ttmlty of saying that they acted partially 
and ni^08tly» He did not find fault with 
the detenoinatlsti to honour and reward 
the Nepal army. Bat he called on the 
CBhat not to let their feelings be so much 
eidted by. a recent event, as to render 
tlwm ioamisiliie to the great achievements 
te which he now called thehr attention. 
If 1^ faedga of distinetion were jnsay due 
te the Nepal army, it coukl i^ot be im- 



—and the success which crowned onr 
arms, Was attended with ODnecquencea 
the most important. A fouitier had becR. 
created— a great accession of territory wan 
gained— and that power which had been- 
our ooustant and iuveteiate enemy, was 
annihilated! Yes, the enengr'a pown 
was annihilated, while we coeaalidafiad' 
our own ^ AU he asloed. was, that justice 
sboukl be done to those who were instittf 
mental in aehieving snch gtories. H» 
did not mean to impngs the generasi^ efi 
the gentlemen behind the bar, in ooining 
te the determioatiott of rewarding the 
Nepal army— but he called on. theqft tt^ 
extend the principle. He was very, sbbil 
that he saw. some amongst them, at tbet* 
moment, who had homo a part in the 
great battles he had attempted. faintly. te 
describe, and ^\u% would be aaoept thei 
first to bear on theur beeastiliie.pcoad 
meuMMial of airvioei wiliiril at Assy^ 
at Delhi, or at Allyghuw laat it. m^ 



ptb^vly pfatted on the breaita ol tboaa therefore^ be aoppoMd <hit ha* donhlq^ 



WitTi 



DeAS^of O^ Ead^IndiaJBptm. 



nxr 



AMi* geufa g ^ tf. Bot,- u the re«olmioa 
Hf tHe court of <fif«ctors was ptiitial aoiL 
f»l«dii[fe<3tivey be was anxiotts^to put in his 
titttdble dttha that it slioiild be maxle re- 
itfOdpeGtive. 

The Chttirmaf^ ol»erfefl» that, after 
^liat he had said in the early part of the 
l^y the iiotice of the learned gentleman 
^d not appear to be necessary. Tht pro- 
4)eedkig in question was in an ualinished 
btate— and it would he found, in theevenft 
^ita completion, that the court of direc- 
tor had n€rt been insensible to the merits 
^ th<iir ofllcen, in all situations, and un- 
der nXL dnnittMltaiices. 



,.*« 



«IAJOR HART'S CASE. 

• Mr. It. Jmekwon said, it was well knawn 
<hat>cettBhi proprietors had pledged thein- 
velvea to briog fbrwaid a question of great 
dttportamsf, &r the consolation of the 
ipipoprietots, namely, the recent transae- 
•floii between the Oooipany and the Board 
•<if€iadtrouI. Sinee that notice was giTen,^ 
« gallant general (Slacaalay) had sent a 
Jetcer to Lord Barris, on the subject of the 
drim of Major Hart, which claim hud 
•otcasio&ed ^e dttTereaCe between thcCom- 
fniiy fmd the Board of Controul; and 
Mf^or Hart had, in consequence, also ad- 
4i«Bsed a letter to Lord Harris. Perhaps, 
in justice to the parties, both these letters 
«fal>ul«f toe printed. He Understood, that 
•dfk gBtlaUt general had sent a second let- 
ter^to liie saue.quarter, in which, in very 
tOptinct and manly terms, he charged Ma- 
jor llflRrt'With peculatiou, and with con- 
;9erthig the property of the Company to 
Ids own private use. He agreed that ua- 
lesa Major Hart answered this statement, 
iie was not worthy c^ being supi)ortiMi. 
But be was sure he wouid have the cor- 
iliHl assent of the gallant general to this 
f MpO^tion, tiliat the caiae of Major Hart 
ought not to be decided on, uutU he had 
«o Opportunity of being heard in his de- 
'Ibnoe. The charge was Que which the 
boivd of contnml and the court of di-. 
Mdara bad agreed to acquit him of, there- 
ibre, legally speaking, he had no right to 
mrtiee it^-but, public opinion was of 
gfuMer importance than that of a few 
imfittOuids, howerer respectable*«and. 
If tlM ^nfge wtite uot ai»werBd, in 
tite -mlod of ^enery man- of honour^ 
tiie ctaaraetor of Mi^r Hait was gtoe 
fnr e?er. He understood that Mafor 
Hart had availed himbelf of the short tt-t 
poee wliieh had Veen afibrded to him in 
tMf povtof Che world, and was at pre^ 
«»C with his.&ittily in a remote part of 
Bttotiaad. He tiiere could not have heard 
Iba MstfS^ and «oaseq«ieutly could not 
^■Wsr li« .In taking up his caae» there- 
iOTb, «lllM>i«qiM8ted firom the oourt <tf 
4iM0io«B»>ai[^flkepropil^ors9 aild'throbgli 
timn, from the public, watf^ • that tbey 

w»ttid MiipeDd iwr jvdgflmi uDjtU M{y(ff 



Hart came forwaiKl witlf Ids ideienee. 
However awful the cliarge was, and tluMigk 
made in the most direct manner,' and in 
the plainest terms, be entreated, from the 
fD-oprietors and the public, to ptoaebefott 
they condemn an ab6enft person— to ior- 
)iefia' forming an opinion, until the fMca*- 
aed was able to come forward with Va 
defence. 

Mr. Lowndpi observed, that, as lliey 
were about to tonfer medals on the anuti 
he conceived it would bfe a very good pliitt 
if similar distinctions were bestowed 
amongst the young men at Hertford Col- 
lege. , If an order of merit were institute 
jed there it would have'an excellent efftct. 
— (Cries of ** at(joHrn»*'J He did not 
think it was decent, after what they had 
heard, to cut a proprietor short when ho 
was proposing a plan which would, y^^'zmii 
facie ^ prove an alleviation of those out- 
rages that had been complained of. Tliip 
extravagant conduct of the young meu 
would subside, if they were informed that 
their writerships depended on the proprie- 
ty of their demeanour while in college. 

a 

The court was then a^jounied to the 6tlt 
oi Januaiy. 



. East India- House ^ January %^\%l7m . 

A special general court of proprietors c^ 
East- India stock was this day held at tl^ 
Company's house ini Leadeiihall-Street, 
for the purpose of submitting, to the pro«> 
prietors for their confirmation, the rCso^ 
Intion of the last, general court, appixjv- 
ing of the resolution of the court of direc* 
tors, of the 3oth of October, 1816, for ap-^ 
pointing another European to assist iti th^ 
oriental department of the East-India Col'-< 
lege. 

The minutes of the last court,. coni<*> 
j)ri£jng the resolutions relative to the orien- 
tal professors having been read-^ 

Mr. Lowndes iiumediately^se, for^hfe 
purpose, he stated, of prsveutiUg his bdui^ 
« taken by. surprise. Very -o^u> thiihgiB 4^ 
that kind, (alluding to the resofotioiL) 
were read over hastily, and disposed oC 
After^vards, when geutiemen rose to 'a^^ 
dress the cobrt, it was said, tdiad: dbegrwcm 
too late. Now, as he meant* to s^ieak att 
the subject of .the resOlutkm, and as 1ft 
knew many of hislionourable friends afera 
^shed to deiirer their sentimests,-lK thns 
early protested against any sodden dii^oud 
of the question. 

'ITie CMttmafi.-^* thfe honoiirdiUe i«V)L 
prietornmstkttow, that, before thbresot- 
Itttion can be disposed of, it mtftt be r^t 
IwlyputftiomthediiUr.** • 

Mr. Lo%6nde€ again si^ited Bis ihteu^ 
ttou Of stating his sentiments tg fH^ coUif . 

The C^lhfo'dfK^-^* Ifntfw Hep tHth tak 
to inform the courtj that tbor mpliKion 

a 



166 



Ikbate at the East^India Btnue. 



CftM 



of the 18th ult. approving of the resolu- 
tion of the court of directors of the 30th 
of October last, is now to be submitted to 
them for their confirmation. I have, 
therefore, to move,—'' That ^is court ap- 
proved and confirm the resolution of the 
oourt of directors of the 30th of October 
last, for appointing another European to 
assist in the oriental department at the 
East Indik college, with a salary of 4001. 
jper atin* and an allowance of iOOl. per 
ami, for house rent, agreeably to the 18th 
section of the 6th chapter of the Com- 
pany's by-laws. I mean to move this 
as a substantive resolution." 

The resolution having been seconded 
by the 'Deputy CJtairman, 

Mr. Lowndes, after a moment's pause, 
again rose. He observed, that what many 
of his honourable friends could offer to 
the court was much better worth bearing 
than any thing he could say — but, if they 
were not disposed to speak, he would pro- 
ceed to state his sentiments. Observing, 
however, that Mr. R. Jackson had risen, 
the honourable proprietor gaveway tohim, 
expressing bis readiness to act as junior 
counsel, when his learned friend was will- 
ing to take the lead. 

Mr. R, Jackson said, he was very much 
obliged to his honourable friend for con- 
ceding to him the precedence on this oc- 
casion — ^because he was very anxious to 
have an opportunity of stating, in as few' 
words as possible, his opinion of the pro- 
position no w submitted to the court. With 
all the respect which he entertained for 
Whatever came from the quarter in which 
that proposition Originated, he could not, 
either with reference to the circumstances 
under which it was brought forward, or 
consistently with the respect which be 
owed to his character, vote for this reso- 
Itttion. He believed there was but one 
Toioe as to the necessity of an investiga- 
tion into' the affairs of this college. Con- 
tiroT£rsiali&ts,on each side of the question, 
agreed that this was a case which de- 
manded a minute etamination. Seeing,' 
thereftNre, that investigation, in one shape 
or another, ranat take place— seeing that 
U was quite impossible to avoid it— it 
would he moat indiscreet, and most dis* 
creditable to the proprietors, if they 
Hgreed to this reflation, before such in- 
veatigation was ooodttded. He could nqt 
consent to fix an additional expense of 
^500 a year on the Company, for the sup- 
port of an institution, which, for any 
t^gheknewy mus^t be found, in the 
jmd, altogether unnecestary. Hethero* 
lore presented himself to the oourt, in or- 
der to procure a pause before they con* 
omrsd in thia reiolntion. If he. were 
anppocfed, the operation of his propo8it> 
tibn oi»14 be. no more-tlian to anspend the 



grant, until inquiry hud bees gone into» 
If, after that inquiry were oompieted, the 
court of directors came and said, we have 
fully considered this subject, and it is our 
opinion that the institution should becoi^ 
tinned, certain alterations being made in 
it, he should, in all probabihty, giveithii 
suppoit. But it did not follow, that thia 
very professorship, for the inaintenance o€ 
Ivhich jf 500 a year was now demanded^ 
would not be one of those which it would 
be found expedient to lop off. If, in the 
future plan of the establishment, the pro* 
per alterations being made, this profesr 
sorship were found necessary thereto, he 
was sure an appeal for the sum requi- 
site for its support, would not be made in 
vain to the proprietors. But it seemed to 
him preposterous, beyond calculation, to 
apply to the general court to sanction the 
grant of i^500 a- year before it was known 
whether it was necessary or not. When 
he had the honour of adtdressing the pro- 
prietors on the last court day, his argu- 
ment proceeded on the same principle aa 
that he now laid down. He had not then, 
however, considered every part of thecaae. 
Since that period he had a great oppor- 
tunity of examining it farther. He had 
seen, in various publications, admissions 
of such a nature, as left the course un«- 
doubted— that of inquiry and investiga^ 
tion — which ought to be adopted. His 
honoiurable friend (Mr.llume) laid be^ 
fore them, the other day, the statement 
of some distressed parent, whose son's, 
morals had been ruined at this college. 
He knew there were many parents, who, 
if they could do it without prejudice to 
their children, would go down on their 
knees, and implore the Company to suffer 
them to give their sons the edtu;ation ne- 
cessary fur the due performance of their 
duties when sent out to India. <' We 
will/* they would say, ** bring up our 
sons in any manner the Company may di^. 
rect. Let us know what branches of 
learning you wish them to be instnicted 
in. What oriental literature they must 
acquire— what proficiency they are to 
make in general knowledge— let us know 
the test you require them to answer^and 
we pledge ourselves to give them the ne- 
cessary education. Let them be brought 
up under our immediate care—and do 
not compel us to send them to a place 
where the contagion of bad example may 
vitiate their morals." 

The Ciairman.'^" It is not an eesf 
thing ta discriminate what is in order, 
and what is not in order, in discnssing 
a question of this sort. But I pot it to. 
the candour and discretion of the keraeil 
gentleman liinself, whether be ia aol 
going to the general subject of theosIM^^ 
and not to the pgurticHUur gimH^ JwJMre 



L 



1817.3 



Debate at the East-India Bouse. 



169 



Mr. 5. Dixon hoped thp subject would 
Ihia day be coosidei'ed in the must ezteu- 
siye poiut of view. 

Mr. Lowndes contended, with all due 
deference to the honourable Chairman, 
tiiat the court could not look to the parti- 
cular question without going into the ge- 
neral subject. It was absolutely neces- 
sary, in order ^to come to a correct deci- 
sion on the former, that the latter should 
Ve tully considered. 

Mr. R. Jfickson continued. — He felt the 
propriety of the liODOurable Chairman's 
ddmonition, and was about to obey it. 
He had, therefore, only to state to the 
court, the proceedings which ought to 
follow, when the present resolution was 
disposed of. He should do this, because 
be could not, with decency, ask the pro- 
prietors to oppose a proposition, without 
stating to them what he intended to sub- 
Hitute. He meant, after the preseut 
question was decided, to give notice of 
the following motion : — '' That the court 
of directors be requested to take into tlieir 
consideration the nature of the Com- 
pany's institution at Haileybury, and how 
fiir it has answered, or is likely on its pre- 
sent plan to answer, the ends proposed by 
the resolution of the general court of the 
28ih of February, 1805 ; and whether, in 
their opinion, any seminary at the Com- 
pany's expeiice in England be now advis- 
able forthe civil service ; and if so, whe- 
ther an establishment more in the nature 
of a school, where masters should attend 
at stated hours, having proper authority 
for the due enforcement of obedience, 
learning and moral conduct, would not be 
preferable to an university or college? This 
com-t, however, more especially requests 
the court of directors to consider, whether 
the expence at preseut incurred in main- 
taining the college might not, with great 
pipprlety, ^ almost wholly saved if, 
instead of compelling parents to send 
their sons to a particular seminary, the 
court of directors were to require of the 
youths inteuded for their eivil service in 
india, a certain degree of proficiency in 
such languages and sciences as should be 
deemed necessary, to be certified by gentle- 
men of known learning and- ability, ap- 
pointed for that purpose? and whether, 
in such case, it would not be highly expe- 
dient and economical to remove the mili- 
tary seminary from Addiscombe to the 
jnora commodious and spacious building at 
Ualieybiiry ? And, that the court of dii- 
rectors be further requested to report their 
opinions on the different points herein re- 
ferred to them as soon as convenient, and 
call aa early and special general court to 
laodve and consider the same." The 
leavacfl gentleman then observed, that he 
had aOnady stated, why he could not vote 
Ibr this addftlonal expe&ce of ^00 a-year, 
and baM'idso pretty teoadlylntiinafedf 



t>at it was not his intention toproVokea 
debate on this general points of the ques- 
tion, at present. He wished to have a 
day appointed for the discussion. It would 
then be his l)ounden duty to state his rea- 
sons for introducing the resolution he had 
just read ; always obsemng, , that it wa| 
impossible to object to an examination of 
the affairs of the college, after what had 
passed at the last general court. This was 
a question, which, unless it could bear 
the light — unless it qpuld challenge all con- 
troversy — ought not to be tolerated. He 
would say no more about its magnitude ^ 
they must allow that it was most serious 
-«and, therefore, ample time should be 
given to the proprietors for its considera- 
tion. He would, in the interim, pending 
its discussion, vote against the motion now 
proposed. 

Mr. Lowndes considered the present to 
be a very important question, and, there- 
fore it ought not to be hurried over. They 
knew, however, tl.at a baneful system pre- 
vailed in that court of hurrying over ques« 
tions that were net pleasing to some indi- 
viduals.— (t7ri>j of \o, A^o !) He had 
been stated, in some of tlie papers, to hafw 
said, that he was ashamed of being a pro-r 
prietor of East India stock, for fear the 
boys should boot at hitn. What he had 
said, and what he would repeat, was this, 
that he was sometimes ashamed of being a 
member of the Company, because he appre- 
hended it might be thought, that their 
conduct in India resembled that of the 
young men in Hertford college. — {Criet nf 
Order 1) 'ITie hon. proprietor contended 
that he was not out of order. The ques- 
tion was of great importance to him, for 
his family had a large property embarked 
in the Company's concerns, although his 
own dividend might be considered small. 

Mr. Perry interrupted the hon. gentle- 
man, who, he observed, was certainly not 
in order. Notice of a motion had heea 
given, which would bring on the oousidera- 
tion of the general subject. If a day were 
to be appointed for such a debate, surely 
it would be better to postpone general Olv- 
servations until that period arrived. He 
could not see the sense of bringing the 
general question before them at present. 
It could be discu&sed when the £iir oppor* 
tunity arrived. 

Mr. Lowndesy in contintiatfon, stated, 
that when he gave up his right of speaking 
to his hon. friend (Mr. B. Jackson) he 
understood the question about to be dis- 
cussed, was the propriety of appointing an 
Oriental professor, with which his obser- 
vations were connected. 'Iliough be gave 
up to his friend, he had not precluded 
himself from offering his sentiments to 
the court. • If the court of ditectoi^ were 
afraid of discussing the affairs of the col- 
lege, kst other nnpleuaDt dfcmfrstaaces 



170 Debaie at the EoH^IntUa H<m99. X^i^l 

4i<nfld come to light, he conM not help it. vankmB pirposdy, iMeaiise he might he 

lie could state circumstaiicefl that would one hundred miles from Loudon heibrt^ 

flM>t reftetJf much credit on the |[eutlem«ii' the general discussion came on. There* 

hehitid the har. If 4hey were afraid ' of fore, though he waived for a moment lit 

discussion — ^If they were jealouii of any oh»' fsfour of his friend, the right Of addressing 

servations that might fall from him, iv the odurt, he hoped he would he now alP 

wodld shew that they dreaded lest be might lowed to speak. He never would agree W 

ioudh upon some tender part that would not tlie appointment of an Oriental professor 

%ear to be examined. — (Cries tf Order 1) when the college was, like Mahomet** 

The Chairman,^** I wish the bon. oo«b, suspended between heaven and 

proprietor would confine himself to the earth, and It was not known whether it 

question immediately before us. Wiieu irould beproper tooontintieitornot. He 

ihe motion, of which some notice has betu was glad to hear that the miKtary estsfe-^ 

given, is brought forward, the hon. pro- lisbment went on so well. Of the two 

prietor can go through the whole of the institutions, the military and the civil, he 

•ubject. But at present I beg, for the was ba{^y to learn that the mlHiary ha* 

Sake of consistency and propriety, that he been the more ciHl (h laugh J He should 

win confine himself to the question." oppose tlie motion, because he could not 

Mr. Lowndes then declared that he think of appokiting a professor to a coU 

would stick to the Oriental professor.— *ege, which three months hence migirt not 

(Laughter J What he said on the subject be m existence. 

of the young men at Hertford having run Tlie Hon. fF, P. JSIphinsfone objected 

in debt, had not been correctly reported, to the insinuations thrown out by the hon. 

What he asserted was, that they could proprietor who had just sat down, with 

not get credit for a pint of winiej or for respect to the conduct of the gentlemen 

fivfc shillings worth of sweeimeats. Tbis behind the bar. He addressed that court 

certainly was not an honourable feature in very ofieh with such sort of language tA 

Ihe character of a school. The West- no gentleman ought to use. As the hon, 

minster boys, when they had moneys proprietor was likely to be one hundred 

would pay their debts, but it was not sO miles distant when the next discussion 

with those at Hertford college. He did came on, he (Mr. Elphinstone) called on 

not know what the court might thifik ; him to bring forward his charges against 

Attt, in his opinion, honest principles >ver6 the directors, at the present moment, and 

ftr more viduable than a pioficiency in they should be immediately refuted. No 

Oriental literature. It was of more im- gentleman behind the bar would interrupt 

portance to the well-being of their KasMm him while he spoke. Let him, therefore, 

possessions, that those who were des* state his charges, for he had told the court, 

tined to govern them should he honest that circumstances had come to his know- 

and honourable men, than that they ledge discreditable to the directors. He 

Should be conversant with every species of was vnj fond of making such observations 

learning. With respect to the appoint- — and whether he spoke nonseuse or sense, 

ment of an Oriental professor, it was ue- ' he was constantly throwing abuse on gen- 

cessary, before such a proposition was ac* tlemcn who were undeserving of it. in 

ceded to, that tiie affairs of the estaUish- the face of the court he challenged the 

ment at Hertford should be examined, in hon. proprietor to bring foi'ward his 

order to decide whether it was to be con- charges in a fair and manly way, instead 

tinued as a college, an university, or a of dealing in hints and insinuations.— 

•ebool<^-or whether it should be oontiuued (Hear ! hear I) 

•* —• Mr. Pattison said, he really must beg 

Mr. DUnm hoped, that a respect for jeate to call to the recollection of his hon. 

Moderation and good sense would induce friend, that all that had been stated by 

Ihe hon. proprietor to accede to the pro- the hon. proprietor, was neither wortiiy 

porttioii of Ms learned friend (Mr. Jack* ^f notke nor reply. It was such 9^ farrago 
mm). If that should be the case, and the of irrelevant and unconnected matter, ti^ 

whole subject was taken into consideration the proprietary were disgraced in listctting 

on a future day, then the hon. pioprietor, to it. The only consc^tion he had was, 

•and every other gentleman, would have a that the hon. proprietor had passed a sen* 

feir opportviity of going into the question tence of rustication on himself, attd bt 

on aU its p<Mts. If, however, it was to be «incerdy hoped it would be a long om^ 

pressed on the present occasion, without ubIc^ he altei«d his mode of a dd ws s iB g 

J^gard to the recommendation ot his learn- the court (a laugh). He foh a peimal 

ad fnend, then he hoped that himself; and respect for the hoa^ pioprietftf, hith» 

erery other gentleman who thought proper eould not consider the desvltdvy :oMnni» 

to weak on the subject, would be aUowod tiom, with which he so fivquantly took 

m Isir opportuwty for the deUvery of their iq^ tho time of the court, w coastotal 

»»*»«»«^ with the detomm of a driibMte Memx 

. lfi!.iM8tf»nid9liemadBlbGM0^fmN Wy»4ir with tlw aimm Ip w irtft a rt ofltiiif 



iQiportmitftMrs. H«?iag said so maehy 
bfi wfwild now advert to the proeeediag «f 
t|ie teemed gentleman (Mr. Jacksoa) wbo 
had stated bis mtention of oppesii^ the 
appointing oi an additiosial Oaeatsl 
Pfialnsor. Let liiai be as saoeesfiil as lie 
«oidd imaffioe'Met him aad the hoii.«pro- 
prietor (Mr. Harney) whom he supported, 
conceive, in the exuber»i(Se of theirfoocy, 
that tlief had fiiUy suceeeded, and were 



DOM a$ the Eas^IudiA Ante.' 



«n)i 



was too neaiif connected with liie fenarai 
BKrks of the ease ; and, therefore^ las 
hon.- friend was regular in the ooune. bo 
had adopted. The argument was, wfay 
should you da that to-day, which youmaf 
be called on to undo to-morrow ? JE|» 
strongly deprecated the idea of. gentlemea 
rising to call proprietors to order, when 
they vttte strietty regular. He considered: 
the present as a question on the propriety 



about t(r take down, s^one by stone, the of an appoiotoient, which eathraced thia 



edifice aib Hailcybury>'-still, before they 
GDuld do this. Sometime must ^apsr. 
7%ey sMisi apply to parliament to 69 «way ' 
that institution which the legislature had 
coaaideredgpod. Parliament had deebared, 
that, wtthowt its pemiissioa, the ccfllege 
ahould not be annulled ; and: before that 
perausaioQ oouldbe obtained, some moatths 
would probably pass away^ In the mean 
time the college at Haileybury ai^red, 
being left destitute of the necessary pro- 
fessors. He, therefore, depreoated the 
-n^^ure of putting dowa this: appolat- 
meat ; and he hoped the good sense of the 



consideration:—^' Shall I consent to fo« 
curanadditioaalexpensefor thisestablisli- 
mttit, when I do not know how long it may* 
besuflfered to exist— when I cannot tell hut 
it may be foiuid necessary to abolish it ?** 
Though, ia the idea of the hon. director, 
his hon. friend might not have so much 
good sense as others, still, asa proprietor^ 
decency of latigoage was due to him $ aad 
he could not look upon the repeated at- 
tacks that were made en him as oonsist- 
ent with fairness and candour. 

Mr. Lowndes said, after tlie persoaat 
attack that had been made on him, it waa 



gantlemea he had sdluded to« would induce necessary that be should vindicate him- 



them to withdraw th^r opposition, al- 
tboui^ the course they took on a formei^ 
day did not lead him to admire their good 
sense on that ootasion, or to expect much 
from it now. Their oonduct, at that 
time, he thought was opposed to good 
aenae* The young men whom they had 
80 se^rely censured were, by their inflam- 
mable haraagnes, mose likely to be driyen 
into acts of insubordination, than any 
tbhig else. The appointment of this pro- 



self. The hon. director challenged him 
to state the circumstances which had com^ 
to his knowledge.' His honour was peiv 
haps, too much concerned to disclose 
what he knew. But, if the hon. gentle* 
man profoked him to it, perhaps ha 
might say .something which would shew^ 
that he had had a peep behind the curtain 
as well as others. He had heard a cir- 
cuuMtanoe reiy honourable to the gentle-' 
man who sat near him * (Mr. Stewart) ^ 



feasor being an isolated object, they might ' for, it was owing to bis ideas of justice. 



throw down the college after it had btMf n 
eilMted, and of cour.>e the professorship 
must fidl with it. But, at present, a pro- 
fessor was wanted ; and be lioped, while 
the- institution was suffered' to, exist, the 
neceaaary teachers would not be witbh^ 
Jmm it-^( Htar^ keur !) 

Mr. ^lURtf said, he waa sure the court 
most ham heard, with the utmost aston- 
isluneBt, what* had fallen from the boa. 
director, who, in calUng another to orUer, 
had not hiasself set any great example of 
regularity. He certainly had not the 
ability of the hon. gentleman ; but if some 



tbat some young men were sent out to 
India, who were not intended, by another 
quarter^ to be sent there. N'o person hadf 
a higher sense of the merits of some of 
the young men than Ite had. He knew 
Mr. Burgess, a great oriental scholar, 
who was now in India. He had been at 
Haileybury ,^but he received the elements, 
the rudiments of his oriental learning, at 
Manchester. Before .he went to the coW 
ld|^e, he was considered a great proficient 
in oriental literature. When he waa 
charged with making accusations that he 
could not prove, he would assert, ia the 



of tham spake nonsense, and others half faces of the directors, * that he never had 



sanae, it waa a nMsfortmie rather than a 
come, and ought not to receive such a 
check as the hon. gentleman was pleased 
to bestow on it . Now although two wor» 
thy membeBs, within the bar, had called 
hia hon. friend (Mr. Lowndes) to order, 
he would venture to sny, that he was not 
oat Of order at the time. The question 
was now precisely as it was' on the first 
day. It was to be d)aridenRi as if it had 
Aever been before the court ; and, there- 
fore, his hon. friend had a rightr to treat 
it goDerally. Bat it vras said, << You must 
ccmiafl youcaelf to the dry question before 

^ixtm:' TivitoQtf4iwt iMt^pMi it 



made a charge which he could not sub- 
stantiate. He never trifled with the fed- 
iugs or the character of any mam He 
must be permitted to say, that he had 
now a thousand times a higher fespeec 
for the court of directors than he had 
when he first became a proprietor ; for, 
he believed, (whether the change wasef^ 
fected by the exertions of few or of many, 
he knew not), that the directors were now 
a more pure body of men than they were 
fifteen years ago. He thought, in order 
to keep them pure, the best mode was, 
to Yasft soase sturdy characters in that 
covCj whc^ IpEt bimsdfi woiOd state 



tbeir opmioDB boldly. It was the mis* 
fortime of hum^n nature Jthat men cor- 
rvLpted each other. IndividoaUy they 
wave very good — ^but, when t)iey came in 
contact, they corrupted one another, and 
aKainst corruption e^ery effort should be 
directed. Reform was now the general 



Dtbak ai the EaU^ India Mimse. t^^^J 

imrestigation was absolntftlj tMeeesMrr;* 
He was ready to declare, tbal .milew the 
court of directors and of pvoprietors w^re, 
in their judgiUents, convinced that the 
kind of education dispensed at this eoi" 
lege was best calculated to fit the youn^ 
men for taking «ttna^ons in India-^un- 



SBbject of cou vernation— and, when peo- less a thorough conviction was. entertain- 

pie talked about it, he would say, that, ed that this institution led to that end*^ 

the two houses of parliament were too the impression on his mind was, that be 

g0od and pure, considering the corrupt hoped he should live to see the whole es* 

State of the country. Those reformers tablishment done away. If, in the eBo^y 



ought to begin with the electors, and not 
with the elected. After saying what he 
liad done, it ^was clear that he bore no 
ms^lce against the directors. He stood 
there au independent and honourable 
man— and, whenever the directors did 
ijrrong he would tell them of it, but, 
wliere praise was their due, he would be 
ready to give it to them. % 

The hon. /T. F, Elphinstone said, he 
must repeat, what he had before advanced, 
that the hon. proprietor had made a gross 
accusation against the gentlemen behind 



stage of life at which those youths went- 
to this college, they could not be compel- 
led to submits to due subordination, they 
must be very unfit persons to take vespon- • 
sible situations in India, and to command 
others. As a. requisition (which he had « 
consented to sign) would speedilyrbe pre- 
sented, for calling a special court to consi- 
der the general question , he would not now 
go into it ; but he woukl recommend to an 
hon. gentleman in the interoftediate apace 
(Mr. Pattison) not to use such language, 
in future, as he had that day indulged in. 



the bar, whiob he ought to state in direct Though that hon. director might think aft- 



terms. He would not retract what he bad 
said. He challenged the hon. proprietor 
to specify his .chai^ge, conscious that it 
would meet an instant refutation. Such 
▼ague assertions might look very, well on 
paper, but they ought not to be tolerated 
in that comt. He talked of being an ho- 
nourable man. He (Mr. Elphinstone) did 
not doubt the fact — but as an honourable 
man, it was his duty to stand forward, 
and speak without reservation. 



individual did not speak sense, yet it ilt 
became him tQ hold such a dictatorial 
tone in that court. If it had been used to 
him (Mr. Dixon) he would not have 
thrown himself on the jN^teetioii of the 
court. He could have defended hims^, 
with his own resources, little as diejr : 
might be deemed. He trusted the faon. : 
proprietor would never make use of trach .' 
language again. 
Mr. PattUcn said, he would not be in- 



Mr. P. Moore said, there was but one timidated from doing what he conceived 



question before the court ; and that was, 
whether the institution at Haileybury 
should be rendered efficient, while it was 
in existence ? He knew of no other ques- 
tion at present under consideration. Un« 
til-this institution were reformed, in some 
way or other, he for oae, would contend, 
that it ought to be made as efficient as it 
possibly could. When it was first found- 
ed, he thought badly of it ; and he had 
learned nothing since, that could induce 
bim^ to alter his opinion. Should an ap- 
plication be made to parliament for doing 
it away, he should be found in his place, 
and he would then state what had been 
done vnthout the aid of that college— 
what had been achieved before it existed. 
In the mean time, however, he conceived 
that the establishment should not be al- 
lowed to suffer by withholding from it the 
necessary professors. 

Mr. S, Dixon was extremely glad that 
the question had been placed in so nai*- 
row a compass. The matter for consider- 
ation was — " are you to appoint a new 
professor to this college ?" The only doubt 
wus, whether it would be wise to com- 
plete the appointment now, or to suspend 
it for a time, until the general question 
Diraa eonsidered, it l^eing understood tl«t 



to be his duty, from any fear of the ta- 
lents that were opposed to him. He 
would not abstain from speaking hia 
sentiments, when the peace and good or*- 
der of the proprietary were disturbed by 
speeches wholly irrelevant to the question 
before thejn. If, however, he had said 
any thing uncivil or disoourteoua to bia 
hon. friend (for so he took the liberty cf - 
calling him) he regretted it ; but, he wa» 
hurried into some warmth, beouise hia 
hon. friend did sometimes break in, veey 
unwarrantaMy, on the time of the pro- 
prietors. He was ready to apologise to 
his hon. friend, if he had said any thing 
offensive — ^but he could not avoid observ- 
ing, that it required very great patience, 
to mark, in silence, the irrelevant matter 
which be so often introduced, by which 
the time of the court was ix>nsunied, and 
its business retarded. . If he had made 
use of improper expressions, he waa sor- 
ry for it, and certainly did nut mean it.-^ 
(Hear I hear !) 

Mr. 5. Diaan said, he alluded to whet- 
had fallen from the hon. director with rc^ 
ference to the hon. gentlemen (Messrs. 
Hume and Jackson) who sat near him. 

Mr. Patiinmr-'' With re^KCt to th» 
obiefvaUoii ailpded tOy 1 answer, that I 



Debate at tie Eatl-In^ House. 



4id ny X appealed to fhe good sense of the 
two bon. gentlemen to withdraw their op- 
portion; and, when I mentioned good 
•ense, I obaerred that their conduct at 
the last court did not warrant me in ex- 
pecting much from it, on this occasion. 
I stated my reasons for making this ob- . 
fierration. It was, because I thought the 
two inflammatory speeches of the hon. 
gentlemen had occasioned much mischief 
in society ; I think so still, and therefore 
i will not retract the expression, which 
referred only to one particular act, and 
did not go to impugn their general good 
sense, which would have been ridiculous. 
I am aware that they possess good sense 
—but strength ill applied is worse than 
weakness, because it always produces evil 
consequences." 

Mr. Lowndes said, his bdng frequently 
out of order, formerly, arose from the cir- 
cumstance jof their having two of the 
most partial chairmen that ever presided 
in that or any other assembly. The pre- 
sent Chairman he was proud to say, was 
one ' of the most impartial he ever met 
with. One of the individuals to whose 
partiality he had alluded, when these pro- 
prietors gotup, one after the other, would 
single out the last, because the others 
Mrere obnoxious to him — ^and he would 
cry out to him (Mr. Lowndes) when he 
was. claiming his right to speak, << Sir, 
you are oiitof order." It struck him, 
that this Chairman'^ eye^sight was of a 
curious nature, and, therefore, he ob- 
served to him, ** If you cannot see me, 
yon shall hear me. — (Laughter.) -^My 
voice is very loud, and you cannot easily 
mistake it for that of another person." 
When persons got up, and told him that 
he was always talking nonsense, he could 
assure them that their conduct should 
have no effect on him. He did not choose 
to be put down in^ that manner. If gen- 
tlemen stood forward, whom he consider- 
ed to possess far - greater abilities than 
lumself, he chearfully gave way to them ; 
but that was not a reason why he should 
not afterwards speak to the question. The 
hon. director (Mr. Pattison) had acted to- 
wards him in a very polite and gentle- 
manly manner, and he gave him full cre- 
dit for the urbanity of his behaviour. 
With respect to the charge of being out 
of order, that error was often occasioned 
by the partiality which was shewn to par- 
tipdar individuals. The gentlemen be- 
hind the bar knew very well those who 
were willing to speak in their favour, and 
those who were likely to oppose them— 
and a partial Chairman would say, when 
he saw one of the former about to ad- 
dress the court — ** O here is a friend, he 
will say tM>mething pleasant to me — ^he 
will flatter my vanity^^he will lay his 
coBuneadations on with a trowel, an inch 

Asiati9 «/oMr7i.— No, 14. 



173 



thick«-4)y ail means let hfrn proceed !** 
But, if a gentleman who professed dif- 
ferent sentiments arose, the observation 
would be, " this fellow will annoy me 
with some of his hard rubs, therefore, I 
won't see him!" Such conduct however, 
should never deter him from speaking 
the truth, although it might be implea- 
sant to those to whom it was directed^ 
What was said of kings and princes, that 
they never heard the voice of truth, and 
became despots in consequence, would 
equally apply to corporate bodies. .!£ 
the latter were never corrected by the 
voice of truth — if they were suffered to 
proceed, just as they pleased, without 
check or control — good God, what cor- 
rupt bodies they would be ! Me was hap-, 
py to say that the Company had. been 
mending from year to yeai>-but there 
was still great room for improvement. 
They were better now than they were fifty 
years ago— but it was in their power to. 
become better still. When the question 
.of the renewal of the charter was agi- 
tated, he stood forward, and defended 
the East India Company— because both 
the directors and proprietors laboured 
under the unjust censure of' a great por- 
tion of society. But, he would venture 
to say, looking to the pure administra- 
tion of justice in their eastern territories 
—considering the admirable manner in. 
which they governed sixty millions of peo- 
ple—that, although something improper 
might have occurred at Hertford College, 
still there were fewer abuses committed 
by the Company, than by any corporate 
body, of Similar magnitude, that existed 
now, or he believed, ever did exist. He, 
however, wished to > place them beyond 
the reach of censure— -he wished to make 
them perfectly pure — as pure as the chrys- 
tal stream, unpolluted by any sediment, 
of corruption. In doing this, he was not 
actuated by any hope of individual ad- 
vantage. The only reward he hoped for, • 
the only title he aspired to, was to be 
considered an honest and independent man. 

The Chairman,'^*' As other business 
is, I understand, to be introduced by cer- 
tain proprietors, it will perhaps be pro- 
per to put an end to the present discus- 
sion ; for that purpose, 1 shall proceed to 
take the sense of the court qn the reso* 
lution." 

The question was then put in the usual 
form, and carried in the affirmative, 

Mr. R, Jackson then moved *' that the 
resolution of the general court, held on 
the 28th of Feb. 1805, be now read.' ' 

The resolution was read by the derk as 
follows : — 

<' At a general court, held on Thurs- 
day the 28th February 1805. 

<< Resolved, that this court dotU highly 
approve of an establishment in this <coun-« 
Vol. HI. 2 A 



IW 



DeidlB al the EaM-^Adia Hm^^ 



try for the edncsttibn of yobtfa designed 
I6r tile Company's drik service in India, 
and promises itself the happiest conse- 
quences from a system which instead of 
iending oat writers to IntUa at too tender 
^n age to admit of fixed or settled prlnci^ 
ples^ proposes previously to perfect them 
as much as possihie in da^sical and libe- 
ral learning, and thoroughly to ground 
tiiem in the religion, the eolistitution, and 
the laws of their country, so that when 
called upon to administer their fonctions 
abroad, they may' be mindful of the high 
moral obligations under which they act, 
and of the maxims of the British govern- 
ment, whose character for justice, free- 
dom, and benevolence, they will feel it 

. their duty and their pride to support." 

Mr. B: Jackson then said, his hon. 
friends had suggested to him, as this bu- 
siness ought to be discussed in the most 
dispasdonate manner, and, as every pos- 
sible m^ans of giving due notice to the 
prdpiietors ought to be resorted to, that 
th^ most agreeable mode of proceeding 
itould bd; ia call a special general court, 
in the requisitioa aigoed for Which pur- 

jiose, the exact proposition the proprie- 
tors would be requested to support, should 
1)6 propounded. As far as respected him- 
self, and other gentlemen then in court, 

he would take the' liberty of again read- 
ing what he meant to propose. If the 

gentlemen behind the bar were placed in 

ft- situation to convene the court, they 

would, he coneeived, admit the necessity 

oSF sending forth the proposition to the 

proprietors at targe. In order that tbej 

lidghi judge of the matter ftdly. The 

proiirietors had now heard the resolution 

come tt), by the general cdurt, in February 

1905 ; and he was sure, after hearing it 

read, they could not suppose, (to uie the 

cbwBe phraseology of some of the advo- 
cates of the college) that the gentiemen 

who felt it their dnty to agitate this 

question, wished to contract the system 

of education. Perhaps that was not the 

place to notice sach obsei-vations^'^-^bat 

he wished It to be generally and distinct- 

ly known, that he and his httn. friends, 

though they Wbntd not wink at the abase 

whidk existed in the college, were not 

audons, as 'bad been asserted^ lo treat 

the students as mere childre» ; and to 

send them, smarting from the application 

or the rod, to hold aimationa ot high 

trust and great responsibility in India. 

He wished the resolution to be read, that 

it might be re-echoed thmughout the 

country — and that it might clearly appear, 

from the present day, that they desired 

to have the young gentlemen elegantly 
and eMoientty eddeated.' Having said 
thus much on the diarge made agalnet 
htm' aiid his hon« friends, he 'Khoold tioW 
atate %6 the ^wxn the piftpo^itioii N oik very well wkribt shite tfuit ta« 



meant to aihaut to tbeto i» a.fiittntt 

^> 

[Here Mr. Jackson read the reaolntioip 
whidi he had laid hefore the court is Hn 
early p^t of thcdebale.] 

In continuation, ti^ learned gentlonav 
observed, that, let this qnestioii come oa 
to be discussed when it might, he peiceiV'* 
ed, amongst the other diiEculties and em<^ 
bartaasmentB he would have to eoconoter^ 
there would be that of coming up to Iha 
standard of his hon. friend's (Mr. Patti* 
son's) idea of ability and good sense. Ife 
woidd, however, make the best atonement 
he could for his deficiency in those quali- 
ties, by narratmg to the court nothing but 
prinei|Md focts, extracted from theisowa 
records. He would begin with the prin^ 
ciples of that enlightened statesman, thn 
Marquis WeUesley — ^he would point out 
what that noUe marquis had considered 
necessary in tlie f<»nmtion of a coHcgp ■> 
he would quote the sentiments of the ooorfe 
of directors themsehres, who .removed the 
establishment at Calcutta, because it was 
on too great a scale — he would shew, step 
by step, that, in proportion as die execu<« 
tive body had departed from their own re« 
corded ideas of what was fit and proper in ' 
forming an institution for the education of 
their young servants, they had foiled in 
producing &e beneficial results that were 
to be expected. He pledged himaelf tn 
state nothing bat simple iaicts, which, kn 
hoped, would make some amends for the 
want of that ability, with \vhidi, now and 
then, he and others were reproached. 

llie ChBirman.^'*^ I think, under all 
the dfcumstanocs of the casq, the meet 
suitafaie mode of proceeding will be, fior the 
learned gentleman to niake hia appjication 
to the court of direct^ in the usual way, 
I mean by a requisition, signed ^ nine pni« 
prieton, when he akiall have digested, 
widi his particular frienda, the preduye na» 
ture of the metion he intends ta suhaut 
to the court. This» I think, wUl be the 
most advisable course, for two ceatona ^-^ 
Pint, because it accmda with the v^mkr 
course, of propeediag adopted hero-^and 
secondly, on account of the feelingaenter'* 
tained by the court of directors; for, i 
believe, from my knovriedge of the senti- 
ments entertainedby gnntlcmen hefauMi the 
bar, on the aufctject of this college, that i| 
ia very generally conceived by than that 
the intciforence of the propiietoia can do 
no good'^bttt may possibly produce evil 
consequences. Many beneficial aHenbi 
tions have been made in the sovemmeaa 
of the ooIlege->the information respeetng 
it has lately been moatsatiafoctoryf^-quir* 
terly visits are regufaidy paid-^and month* 
ly reports of a minute and detailed natnie, 
are eonatantly reoeiiied. We have every 
raaaoit CP heieie thpt the qoilqie lagoin^' 



»i73 



DOM m A3 MM'li^hi Mom. 



vr& 



been pravUetl $ infMsBiM w{ft tliat fesl*- coiifft amivaliy. But t1^ KfWff. did libt 
ing, Mrt vfe oiofmiw^ tbat the agitatioa obristitute oae-tetitb />f the proceedoig»y 
of thk question would do a great deal of by a iiefereiice to which, the idstitotion 



. Mr. S, Dixon sasdy tbis subject wa« 
Mattel of very great intereBt to the pa- 
veirt» fMd fri^ds of the yomig genUemeo^ 
•od ought to be taken upcoolly and dispas- 
sionately. Id brisgii^ iUbi^ard, it was 
trident that his ieailiea friead did not 
meati to give offcBce to any individual 
director, Or to the generail body. It was 
a most importaot question, and he ap- 
proved of the proposition of his learned 
£Heiid, io re,f» its Consideration to the 
court of directerS. • He concarred in the 
aentitiieDt of tlie hoft. Chairman, that the 
MOlBt proper mode of proeeedtttg would be 
fajT' requisition. 

Mn B*, Sttckswi aiiseDted to the sugges- 
shm. 

Mr. StetBartf one of the professors of 
Hertford CoUeKb, said, he rose nereiy to 
express a hope, as the proceedhigs of the 
Of^ge had ever been open to the most 
niinvte inquiry aid consftdtoatioo— •as the 
repcArtswereakiaysQiadleiD the eleeireat 
vfiaiuKr-^tbafe no opposition would be 
maide to tte fidlist investigation on the 
present o(icaslon. lie wishtod for nothing 
•o innch^-4iaviAg BO- doubts or £ears of 
the result. 

hit* HumevATAy as he anderstoioid that 

Ms learned frietadwaivett the ookisidiera- 

Itotvbf the questioa lor tlife present, «»- 

feudin^to baAl the aMteitvoA of the court 

to it at ' a future tiftie, and as the gentle- 

«ian who had last spoken, whom he had 

never sent b^forey but who appeared to 

iM'codieclted with thecbUege, had staged, 

.thait ftHtl^ p#oeeedings relative to the inf- 

sOtvtioh'Wi^ opeh to'tlie proprieDonS, he 

«hcRiUf now'eiideflsrdai' to biihg that fact 

1» the|iRKir. HefaekdUi faiffhand a resolur- 

.tfeiir,iv!iidh; if agreed to, would place the 

Mprkton in ^ sithaitkim to'cohsider the 

^uestiofl' In- its fultevf extwt. Hwing 

hbM'i^ ssiid^ that liie proprieton werie 

Id pdiMSsioif o# air the iacla ncoessaiY to 

eMMe'«hca» i» eoine to 21 clear, ftdr, and 

eirfNHd^teHsiM^ h<^hegg(xl ^emt td dissent 

«Wm tliststateHient'; aiid, to use ahoine- 

ly pIMiil^ «i lie MOA aever minced the 

WMMti Mr-he had never ooueaied his 

opinion, to ena^ead; thdrt the proprie^ots 

4li«fl« Ignot^t- of the proeeedin^ in this 

4M. fA 'canseqiieaee of ^^ ohaHerin^ 

t^titiUii^ 'behtt gtveb, he would ten 

Hke'hotf. goMleidatt (Mil St«^an) thalt he 

^iMOM) wa«,hi cohMBDKMi'he believed 

#fAithe p#opiric«Em «c iarge> igitoarwl of 

tfatfgirMftft«t«fOf theoMe. The repeMfs 

sent by the college council to the ooait of 

IHHfiMotft wsM^MOt h^re the ptoprielors. 

His learned friend (Mr.lUJsKskvoB), by 

pMlHetltKA a'VMort of the pvogrtss 6f g^ J^ tbey might think ttpiim folr Khe 
th«'«M*ta1S ^IIM ^ ilMtttted tor tUe infoitntftldn of tbe pni^rtetors.^ 

2 A2 



must stand or lall. He w&s surprised 
witen he heard the establisfanieD^ defend- 
ed« not on the evidence to be found in the 
documents relative to the college, but by 
» recurrence to what had taken place 
-aft)road. That Wcis the^ line of argument 
adopted, in opposition to the facfs stated 
in the court, with respect to what had 
taicen place at the co)l^. If there wese 
no truth in the assertions, the court of di- 
rectors Could easily get rid of the matter 
by a reference to the reports of the col- . 
lege oonneil, instead of defending the 
cause of the college by aftpeading to the 
authorities abroad. His motion, whidi 
would call on the court for the pfodnc- 
tion of a great variety of documents, was 
couch«d in the foilowing words ; — 

'' That there be laid before this court, 
'< copfies of all reports from ■ tlie coliege 
<* councilto the college committee ^fdire^- 
** tors; andof all eemmunicacioos between 
<< them relative to Hie coUege,an<5if dfi com- 
<' muhScaftiotis between the court of durei- 
'< tors and th^ college cOundl and coUe^ 
■<< committee, togethier»i7Aa//j^rM?etftf&ijr« 
<* ofth§ cMitt ofdn-ectorg rtiaiive to the 
** college; and aliso copies of aUcommuni- 
•<< cations between the board of control 
'* and the couii»^ of direetors, respecting 
<< the Colfege of Haileybury, since the 29th 
>• of Pebruaiy, 1»0& ♦ " 

In aHading to thdt part, of ihe motion 
w4)ich called for the production <' of all 
the prociidUtg9 of the cotart of directorSy 
relative to the' college ," Mr, Hume,ob- 
serired,. that he had iDtroduced this par- 
ticular paflfisoge, in justice to the directors 
themselves, because a psiragraph had ap- 
peared', written by one of the professors 
of the college, in which it was statdd, 
ti)at the executive body had tidie& the 
eacaiiiiiiatioci of the students concerned in 
the late riots, (" which were a disgrace 
•to all persons in the college, and to exrery 
indiVSduAt who could tolerate' such pr6<- 
cee^ttgs/^) into their own lands, and hlid 
revested the s^itehce of expuhion willi 
which some of those mis^ded yonng 
m^tt had b«in visited. As this statement 
-had sppeared in th* public pApers, arid 
had beeto strongly cdmmented on, he dwi- 
ceived that they ought to receive coifredt 
itritormaieSo'n on the subject. If the court 
of dir^eors had t?ikcn from the proper 
authortties the judgment of the cases of 



■ M i n 



• Thi« i« the rootioA »• originally proposed j it 
in ihc course of the debate, amended, by 



vas. 



oumiinff that part which called for the production 
of •• all conupunicationa respecting the coUefle, 
between the Board of Control and the Court y fl*- 
fectori^'by drcumscnblng its operation •* tome 
Ht of January, 181V» and by placing iA the toea 
of ths.cetirt of difccjora^a diacreliouary.pon»rj[o 
only 



176 Debide ai this East^India HoMe* ' [Fn^ 

those yonng men, against the established iiacty obtruded itielf on the attention of 
l&ws of the coUegey did it not demand in- the public, in consequence of the misoon- 
vestigation? It was decided, that all duct of some of those who were connected 
those youths, he believed twenty-one in with it. He gave no credit whatever to 
number, should be sent out to India, not- the assertion that the country gentlemen, 
withstanding the gross breach of the col- in the neighbourhood of Hertford, were 
lege laws. For ought he knew, there leagued Against the college. It could not be 
might have been twenty others treated -be imagined, that the independent country 
in the like manner. In the late disturb- gentlemen, the nride and glory of England; 
ances, perhaps young men who bad fallen couldenter into such a combination. If,' on 
under, the displeasure of some of the pro- examination, it was found that the refonn; 
fiessors, had received a similar indulgence which had taken place, had answered 
—and, as one proceeding had been brought every end, and that the eatablishment 
before the public, he should" be glad if the stood on the high and honourable ground 
whole of them were made known. In befitting such an institution, he. eould 
every thing he had done, with respect to have no objection to . its continuance ; 
this college, he acted as a sincere friend but, if it were found wanting in the ba- 
to education. As he had stated On a lance, its power to do mischief ought to 
• Conner day, he owed every thing to edu- be provided against. In justice to the 
r cation. He therefore well knew its value directors, and to the proprietors, who 
— and no man was more ready to support defrayed the expense of the college, -the 
and extend it. His opposition was not fullest information ought to be sub- 
directed against the appointment of a mitted to them. He could not, as a pro- 
professor, or against a grant of 5 or j£600, prietor, bear to hear it stated,. as had 
.if it were necessary— but he could not been done in a recent publication, that 
•suffer an^expense to be incurred, when no they who paid for the institutipn, ought 
benefit was likely to accrue from it. He, not to know what was going on. lihis 
therefore, hoped that no dissenting voice was strange language to use to those who 
would he heiuil on this occasion, but that supported the institution. He might be 
^all the proceedings connected with the told, that ladies (many of whom wer^ 
college, would be laid before them by proprietors) were incapable of forming a 
general consent. He thought it was ab- judgment on such a subject. He did not 
soiutely necessary that those documents coincide in this observation— he had a 
: should be produced, if the affairs of the higher idea of the mental powers of the 
0stabli8hment were at all taken into con- fair sex— and he thought that sudi an 
aideration. ' They had been told, that assertion, when thrown out by any pro- 
only ten years had elapsed since the col- fessor, ought not to be permitted to pass 
lege was founded— that so short a period unnoticed. In order to enable the pro- 
-wa^ not sufficient to enable them to form prietors to come to a fair determination, 
a proper judgment of its utility— and that all the correspondence relative to the col- 
' a trial of ten years more ought to be af- lege ought to be submitted to them—- and, 
- forded. He differed entirely from such a with that view, he should hand up the 
: sentiment. |f, after ten years fair trial, motion which he had framed on the sub- 
. the establishment was found to produce ject. If any verbal alteration were ne- 
no beneficial consequences, the fact was cessary, it could be immediately made, 
conclusive against it. He denied that any Should it be thought to comprise too 
party was found in that court against the much, he was ready to contract it ; or, if 
college. Let those who asserted this, it was proper that any thing should be 
•look to the proceedings of the 25th of added to it, in order to put the court fully 
February 1809, and mark how coi^ially in possession of the question, he would- 
the proprietors seconded the resolution of willingly insert it. The utmost extent <^ 
the court of directors — let them look to information ought to be afforded— for 
the years 1808, 9, and 10, and, instead of this was not a question between the di~ 
hostility being manifested against the es- rectors and the proprietors, but betweeQ 
• taUishment, it would be seen that they the Company and the public, 
had given it their wannest support. He Mr. Lowndes seconded the motion, 
was soiry that he had not the resolution He begged leave to suggest an alteration, 
moved by his learned friend (Mr. K. Jack- When he called for his diiddends, he used 
son) which would place this statement the word cr//, though he only received 
beyond doubt or dispute. Every one of one ; and he wished the words '' all the 
their procecdinjE^ shewed, that they felt papers" to be introduced In the motkm. 
no indisposition to extend education as The word all was very comprehensife^— 
far as possible, although they now opposed (A laugh^ ^ 
. this college, where, it appeared, vice, and Mr. ffume^*' The motion embracei 
not learning, was cultivated. The pro* ill the papers." 
prietors could not be blamed for having The motion was then read bylbederk, 
i^flnecessarily taken notice of the aflledrs in the regular form, as it had nrevioualt 
of the hvstittttion ; the college had. In beoi stated to the ooartb| Mr. Hune. 



1817.:] 



Dehale ta the EM-India HoOse* 17? 



' The datrttton— *'' I beg leave to state the professor meant to object to ahy in- 
to the court of proprietors what bas been quiry, in that or any other court. What 
done in conformity with their resolation tiiat rev. and celebrated gentleman had 
(tf the 7th of April^ 1809» which resolu- saidwas this, (and the hon.proprietorhim- 
tion shall be first read." (The resolu- selfcoincided in the correctness of the pro- 
tion set forth, that, at least once in every position) that it was anfair to have partial 
year, there should be laid before tlie statements relative to the college dragged 
court of proprietors, a report, specifying piece-meal before the court, which could 
the number of youths In the college, their not be connected at the time, in the ab- 
proficiency in literature, their general sence of that evidence on which alone an 
fionduct, the expense of the institution, impartial, conclusive, and just judgment 
&c.) *• Once in the year — (continued could be formed. He, on the part of the 
the Chairman) — I think in the month of college, with a perfect understandingi of 
September in each year, an account is the feeling of that body, did, in the face 
laid before the general court, conformably of that court, and of the public, chal- 
with this resolution. But the motion in« lenge the most comprehensive inquiry. 
troduced by the hon. proprietor, contains The question could not rest here — it must, 
A great deal more than the resolution of after what had occurred, be investigated 
1809 contemplated — and a great deal, in the fullest manner. He challenged the 
which, I submit to the court, it would be most rigid inquiry — h^ hailed the result 
improper to communicate. Beside the — ^for he could have no doubt of its na- 
annual reports, monthly reports are also ture ! The learned proprietor who intrO- 
made. The latter describe the conduct of duced the discussion that day, had ab- 
every individual in the college, in order stained from at all breaking in on that 
that the parents and friends of the stu- great and momentous question, which, 
dents should be acquainted with their be- was one day to come before the court, 
faaviour ; and that, if any thing appeared He thought it proper to follow the learn- 
amiss, it might be corrected, so as to pro- ed gentleman's example, dissenting from 
duce those habits of order and morality him, as he did, on every other part of the 
which we are all so anxious should dis- question. With respect to the time at 
tinguish the young gentlemen. Now, if Which the subject should be bro%ht for- 
this motion should be carried, it will oc- ward, he was perfectly easy. It was a 
casion a disclosure of those observations, matter of complete indifference to llin^ 
which I consider purely confidential. It whether it should be discussed now, or 
will also compel an exposure of other hereafter. But, if it were the sense o£ 
matters, which ought not to be laid be- the proprietors that it sbould be taken 
fore the general body of proprietors, and into considelration at a future time, be 
never were intended to be submitted to acquiesced in that opinion. As, how- 
diem .—fZTfar / hear !) I think, the ge* ever, the learned proprietor had statM, 
jieral traidy will see, when their execu- frankly and candidly, what would be the 
live devote so much time and pains to this proposition he should lay before the courts 
instlttition; that they deserve their confi- he TMr. Grant) begged leave, without 
deno o and they will, I hope, refuse those breaking in on the discussion, to state 
-papers, which, if laid before the court, what course he would pursue, supposing, 
would not produce a good effect, but must as he was led to suppose, that certain 
be attended with great evil." charges would be made against the insti- 
Mr. iffim^.— " In order to prevent any tution. In doing this, he did not mean to 
improper disclosure, I propose that it may get at the case which the learned proprie- 
be left to the discretion of the court of tor intended to bring before the court- 
directors, to oommunicate as much of but he would state his case, in what, to 
these documents as they think can be use the language of the law, might be 
done without interfering with confiden- considered a criminal charge against the 
tial reports." college. HC understood that several gene- 
Mr. B, Grant said, he did not rise for ral charges were made against the insti- 
the purpose of entering into the discus- tution. First, a charge of grievous ex- 
iion, but to state to the hon. gentleman^ cesses, vices, and immoralities being 
(flbe^ Hume) that he had, in no respect or prevalent in the institutiou'^not similar 
degree, misconceived the extent of the to those that pervaded other extended 
cfaaUenge given by the hon. proprietor, seminaries, and which, notwithstanding 
(Mr. Stewart) he being also a professor the utmost care, might creep in— but of 
•of the college. 11^ hon. proprietor that peculiar character which reflected 
courted every inquiry, however extensive, di^aoe«on the professors— K)f that pecu- 
In whatever place, and before whatever liar nature, which must render it impera- 
tribunal. With respect to a passage to tive on parents not to trust the morals of 
which the hon. gentleman had alluded, their sons in such a contaminated society. 
And which was taJcen from a publication He understood it would be stated, second* 
made by one of the professors, he had ly, that the institution had failed, even 
totally iitlaoQiK)eiv€d it^ if be thought that In » literary point of view-*thai it bad 



178 



Zarikt* at tie Sittt^itdt* Bmti 



cn« 



iMit NdteMMNi Uself in tlutt rosped^lMl^ le was tfierdbrvn^desssry tbai th^s^mio 

4Mft its expense wm wome titan tbrawa aitaeked or defended ttie doltege^ sliouid 

a«iray. l%fa'41f , he aoderstood it wdold stato what propoftttSon they iliraiittb aii|^ 

b« contended, not tliae partial instanoee port, andwhatttiey intetidedto den^r. it 

4( lnssboniiDation had oiooarred (whi£ii> was material that the l^»rn^ genttettait 



tibaykoiniir oth«r semiaaries wereiiahie 
to)— Imt that, from heifinnlng to end, the 
College ei^ibited a scene of so mueh ta- 
vMilt, riot, and disorder^ as rendered it 
iafipMsihle that (te purposes for Whidi it 
^ad bees founded could be carried into 
etnsct. 

The Chairman, — ** Acting impartially, 
a» I ought to do> I think the hon. pro* 
prietor is anticipating a discussion that 
will take place, with more propriety, 
iirheu the sdh|ect is regularly bron^t for^ 
ward. He had, . therefore, better favour 
ua with Ids sentiments on a future occa^ 
ako." 

tAr^B^'Of^mi^ in oowtinuatioo, obsery*' 
ed, that he only wished to shew his view 
0I the case. It was more candid to 'the 
|vop]4cito9>s in genevai* aiid to the learned 
gentlemaii in particular^ that be should 
adopt this course, and state his general 
fteiing on the subject^ rather than take 
amy person by sitfpirisew He would not^ 
«t present, in the least degree, eacamlne 
anyof tiie grounds on which the charges 
psoceedlcl. He would he content to eay, 
and eay only, wi th respect t4^ the chaifes 
o< vice and imaaovaiity, that^ wbenevef 
anch chaiges were made, as he had de- 
MT^M, of greater eicoesMB being eou^ 
matted in tiiis institution, than wtM 
known in oitlwr estaldishtteaCs, he would, 
en the. part of tkecoUege^ on the part of 
the pvofessors, and' on the part of the 
aaadentSi whosecfaaractera had beanuo^ 
aeDcaaaialy implkmted in saoh chai^ges^ 
till proofs werei nddoced, g^ve them, a 
flUMit positive denlftL With- rasp$)ct to a 
diefioiiiicy in leandiig^ he wouhtdeny that 
tOQ^ and^ with: respect to-inaubordini^ 
tiom, be wendd shew libnl it : ansae fma 
cauaea totally dhfeitHt from those to 
wAidi ithad b^en attr»vtedv . Hda waa 
^Mfiew he would take x>f the ease,, and 
ka dmAted notirat be should tar. able to 
disw, there 'Was^Tary iitifea iomndalion ion 
aescr^baffea^ . 

• Mt. imp*p sM, it sceaasd to bimex-k 
tnnely mateitel that the cout should 
natienrtawl> as. earty a» paasible,. what 
ffopdsitlOD •wookl be laM before them re:* 
apMting thifr eollegC) <andy on tha atfawr 



who haH given notice of a motion, wbO' 
had spoken of serious disorders^ in tb<^ 
college, and who bad thrown out an aero* 
sation against the court of directom, should 
state the dates of the differeirt transae* 
tions. The c^1ege> it shoald be observed^ 
had existed for many years ; and, at first, 
for the want of an efficient control, it wai^ 
well known that disorders had taken 
place. From the mere want of due and 
necessary authority,- the proper oflicers 
were not ^bie to govern the young men as 
they did at present. Now if the diaigea 
referred to the former state of the coUegle 
•^if they related to evils already COrrecM 
^^lie thought the court of prcrprietors 
would feel it not to be very discreet in' 
them ta interfere either with the collect 
or with the<Hreotor8, who were the acting 
giovernors- of it. If tlie ooHege had latterly 
been going on well ; if proper suberdina*- 
lion 1;^ been preserved, be conceived they 
would do v^|7 wrong in entertaiaiik|r« 
question which had no fkcts to support it. 
He Was not fortunate enough to be iaf the 
court wbea< the subject was intreduBatf^ 
collaterally, as it appeared to him ; hilt 
he bad read what appealed hi tbeimbiie 
papers, and he had perused the panipMet 
written by one of the learned pralossoni. 
In that pampihiet be pledged himself to 
ptv^e, that whsft had lately passed in the 
court, iiU referted to recent transactioai^ 
was ^'finrnddd in gro^ iBiioraoee«r'in 
wiK^ miisrept«Bentatk>n." How; then, 
were they to eome to the truth e^tfte 
eaae, but by a fair statement of fhcts, wi$h 
thHf rd0fiictifi0 datss ? The'ihilM he 
cxmstdetnd most - esaential to thotmi^ 
mtdsmtUndlng of the subject; n the 
young men were, as they had beau deiU 
ei^bedy a nmsaude tctlie neighbduriuotod. 
the sooner a re^tm wt» edSseted the 
better ^ £dv as to doing away with, the 
institution, it waiT idle to talk <4iu A 
ptopositiOfi for abcdlBhittg the ceHc^ 
would be like a motion for bieaking up 
the Company, and putting du cwd to lie 
BdtiBh ^empire in India. He perfodlly 
agreed to the proipiriety of theaeadimwM: 
oiwtidaedin the minute Of theMai^pidi 
WaiMey, tbat these young mett .iHko 



bnnd, be tboi^tit that 4iie esptanMion of tvvre senC'ont to go^rarn India (lor pmm 



hi» leaiMd .fMend (Mr. R. Oi«nt)t was 
aqindly 4mpott8nt 4o be knmmi^ < At pta^ 
ievt nothing eppeami to >hbni4W»e wHd 
evmiBattled.thHn the statu thin ifoaBtioa 
■food in. A wei^rtly ncniiction w«i 



b«t iitvaa iaif«Blilii 



ila»of tbe4iM«s to .whl0||.iit:s4altdi <m 
bMlwtba ffeatae natave of (ItodhargK 



It they Aid) ,. should reeeive an edneotion 
•f the Idgbdat order. That they w^irte 
botMHt to give them «uch . an edncation be 
bad ne4oulPt. If such an editMion omM 
be neifilrednithe ooUm, if it weiw^aing 
on y w M| i a oiaiy and ftaetfy, if ordifnnd 
in ei riit) tvvroObaerfady be eoneaiVOTthiPf 
wotM i* nctHv «Mt Hm^ivdtobtly «a 
aigM4 a<f H WI W la u tciaHtet^it^ k; «* 
tki-otliiv-lHlii^ dkafMV«iv«if Cwmdaale* 



for the cliarge made «g«iiist the edlAege 
9b4 ^9 pKofefisopgj it was a^viaahjbe tbmt it 
f^oiild be broi^t -before theeoui^ 9S sooo 
^r possible. He was anxious ior the fa^ts 
Qtt which t\yi charge re»ted^ If tbef w«n9 
ve^iy, it VQf^ld he necessary to fo IftKt 
them $ but if they were oki'st«]e trao^ac- 
tjons, it would be highly ioe^edient to 
iM^tice them. 

Mr. H. Jackson ohserved, that perhdfM 
Tery few instaDces ha^ ever occurred, 
where so many palpable misrepre^sent^* 
tions had beep crowded into so siB.aU a 
compass, as iu .the pamphlet to which the 
learned gentleman liad alluded. He ad- 
n^jtted that cliaq^es were made again;it 
the professors, and that inflammation ap- 
peared amongst the students ; but that 
inflammation manifested itself against 
their own constituted authorities^ who 
were treated with haughtiness and con- 
tumely. He was happy* that the learned 
gentleman (Mr. Grant) and the learned 
professor near him, concurred with him 
and his hon. friends in thinking that the 
whole aflair of the college oiig^t to be 
ftjlly considered. He believfed, when they 
were examined into, that much would be 
discovered highly meritorious on the part 
of the professors. But they ought to re- 
<fbllect (those who publish pamphlets 
on thesubject should particularly recollect) 
who were the persons fitim whom the 
oentnrc emanated. He would presently 
call on the Chairman to state, whether 
that whioh *was termed **an invidious 
charge," was not founded on a public do- 
cviaent f If it were not a public doeu« 
ment, he was bhnnablein laying it before 
the court. He alluded to the two reports 
fram the college itself, purporting to be 
dr^wtt Bp by the coUere council, wMoh it 
wai impdasible to read without coming to 
tkitcoiaclusion, that the estabMabmentpre^ 
seoted a mm extraoirdlnary inatance «f 
mm-tmprovement, and of the wWUI per* 
veniott of errery thing that should distin- 
goifh a public institution. He andt hia 
hon. fk'iemta were not the libellers^ They 
d^red their information ftwn tlie college 
itself ; and he called on the Chairman to 
say, whether the paper he altudtsd to was. 
or was not. a public document l If n 
were, it d^iosed the most shameful want 
of hnprovement in the pnpfis that could 
be imaglaed. Soch an admission, after 
tbe Company had pus themsdves to an 
<s^se of itlOO^OOOv besides j^ 6,000 
IKV annum for tlie suf^rt of tlie estab- 
Itebmenty was unparalleled' in the history 
of scholastic iastitntions in this kingdom. 
The second allegation (for there were only 
mo, all tlie rest wa^ ftit» inferenoe) re- 
lated to thedisotders which eaistsed in the 



records of the odBqie stRted the tet. 



tifaat there was an utter want of dlseiptiae 
•ad inprovement , sn ■ Jtbe institatink 
Tlrase wsere the aUegsiiona<*-dia rest snw 
matser of fair iafereace. The lesrned 
gentleman (Mr. Impey) obsorved, that if 
chaiigee were made, facts onght to be laid 
before the ooort, and transaoSio&s, «IIA 
th^f (kUei, should be fairly stated. 
His hon. friend (Mr. Hnne) «Md 
precisely in this spirit, when he -oAed 
for the documents mentioned in the Aot^ 
tion now before the court. He was happy 
to witness the frank and liberal manner, 
la whieh an inquiry into the state of l^ 
college, a measure so necessary to the ho* 
nour of all parties, had been challenged 
by the two learned gentlemen — (Messrs^ 
Grant and Stewart) ; and he hoped he 
should recognise some of thet honouraUtt 
pride, and lofty independence, which bCb 
longed to learning, and to professional 
eminence, in their opposing a steady re- 
sistance to any importunities by whidh 
they might be assailed, and in their stre^ 
noons endeavours to procure the necessary 
examination. He had been accused of 
inconsistency ; but it did not follow, be^ 
cause he went hand in hand with every 
man who contended, that they ought td 
give an enlarged education to their yomig 
servants — that they onght to ornameM 
and decorate every youth with the choicest 
gems of learning— that, therefore, he 
might not, most consistently, difer flpoiH 
those persoDs, as to the mode and amnner 
of education, and as to the degree of ex- 
pense that should attend H. He luid * 
right te stand up in his place in that courts 
and say, in the name of weeping j^rMitB 
•*^** we wlH carry our children to any eat* 
tens of educatioa the Coapeny- may pt«* 
pose— we will g;ive them all the kno^ 
ledge you t^ifuhre^-bat do not compel us, 
by sending them to this eoMege, to be 
gidlty of a moral immolatibo^** Mhitf of 
them fought, perhapethey-thenght elvo-» 
neonsly, that thi» weuMbe the case-^biMi 
even if they were in error, theit feelflq^ 
ought to be respeetfedbf the court, #heii 
they eKdeimed-^'* do not distress^ and 
agonfiae uai ^hiring the two or three 
years probation of our sott8> lay do^vn 
whatever course ef edueatfen fam deeaft 
necessary. Iwdst on their beihg qeaIffi<Ml 
fio'ahawer the oriental test, from wUfdh 
you have departed, in order to cultlrMfi 
gbaerai literature. They shall be lev 
strnoted aa yon desire-«but it will be un- 
der the eye of their parents. Suvefy ydtt 
will not force ns to send them to a plae^j 
where, at least, vice is fomiliarly talked 
of^ to say nothing more*-*wbieh. fs not 
exac^ the case in our fomilles, in Whldi 



mHitge, Would any man deny thealle- good order and morality ai«ob^Sived| end 

gil l U ) that gnat, that serious^ that h^ irhere pHvaie tutors may |g}re itM »e* 

iiefttalde ineabDMlMtion prevailed ? He eassarf f ii»traotfb»«" Seppese «i gentle- 

iNtdelieD. filettii'«lle|fBd|Deee«B«tlM man in Scotland had procuredia #i^er^ 



180 



Ddale at tie Eod-hu^ Haute, 



EE 



Ahip, would it be nti&ir, if, instead of 
sending his ton to Hertford college, he 
requested that he might be allowed to 
.educate him at Edloburgh or Glasgow*— 
or to provide private tutors for him in 
Ills own bouse ? 

Mr. Impeff put it to his learned frieitd, 
whether, in the present state of the ques- 
tion, it was right to proceed in so ex- 
tended a line of argument ? 

Mr. R. Jacksofh'^*^ I quite submit to 
the propriety of my learned friend's sug- 
gestion.' 



After a short panft^- 

Mr. B. Grant said, that his reason fbr 
not answering "yes" immediately to 
the proposal of the learned gentleman^ 
was, because it was a matter of perfect 
indifference to him, whether thediscustion 
came on, on that day, or on that day fort- 
night. He knew so weir the ground hef 
occupied, and the satisfactory manner iii 
which he could meet the charges, that the 
period to be fixed for the debate was im* 
material to him. He wished to know the 
specific motion for papers which the hon. 



Mr. Impeif.^" I ask for the datet of proprietor had introduced. 



the ditturbance, and also for the period, 
at which the conduct of the directors, 
now alluded to as reprehensible, took 
place?" 

Mr. R. Jackton said, when he rose to 
address the court, he was conscious that 
two gentlemen, who preceded him, had 
committed a breach of the rule laid down 
for the conduct of the discussion on the 
present occasion ; but, he had hardly let 



The Chairman,'-^** TTiere have been; 
on both sides, some aberrations from re • 
gularity, and I wish to bring the court to 
the question immediately before us, there- 
fore let the motion be again read." 

Mr. Hume's motion was accordingly, 
read by the clerk. 

Mr. Hume said, he had neglected to in- 
troduce one word in his motion, which 



the refiection pass in his mind, before he appetred to him to be essential. Hexould 

fell into the same error himself, though wish the motion to read thus " college 

certainly without intention. His learned council, and principals,** He had omit- 

friend asked for dates— and the resolu- ^ed to insert the last word, »« principals/' 

tion before the c6urt would produce them, ^^ ^e uuders/Uwd that many of the re- 

aad every other species of information, P^***^", necessary to explain, andahowthe, 

which his learned friend and the learned s^'e in which the college was, came 



professor called for. 

Mr. fmpey was anxious that his learned 
fiiehd ^ould perfectly understand htm. 
It was alleged, that great disturbances 
had taken place in the college, and that 
the court of directors, in some particular 
Ipstances, had behaved exceedingly ill 
with respect to the government of the 
institution^M.now, he wanted to know 
the dates of those commotions and of 
this misconduct, as grounds for the pro- 
duction of papers. 

Mr. R, Jackson said, in selecting the 
papers, care would be taken that dates 
were not wanted. His learned friend 
(Mr. Grant) and the learned professor. 



through them. 

Mr. Lowndes said, he could at oMce^ 
save the time and trouble of the conrf . 
He had discovered a certain cure for the 
evils which they wished to remedy, and 
which they all deplored. In future, let 
the writerships be given to the young, 
men according to their good conduct, anil 
not the moment they entered the college. 
There lay the seat, of the disease. The 
Company, iii conferring those writerships 
immediately, did what was never before 
done by any corporate body—- they re- 
warded persons who had not, by their 
gioed conduct, proved that they were 
worthy of favour. What could be ex- 



had very honourably and candidly invited pected but insuboi^ination,' when, they 

discussion. The former had most truly gave to youths, whose pulses beat at the 

said,that the question could not rest here, rate of one hundred and twenty a minute. 

Certainly it could not, it ought not to writerships worth jf 4000 ? Yes, the 

stop here. If his learned friend, there- Company put j£4000 in their pockets, 

fore, would name a day (that day fort- and they beoune intoxicated with vanity, 

night for instance) he would be ready to '* Here we are," they exclaimed, ** on 

bring the subject before the court. By the point of going out to India. We are 

that time, the whole of the proprietor provided for, and may do what we 

would be in possession of what he meant please." They conceived they were petty 

to do ; and, in the same manly spirit with kings, and they looked with contempt oiii 

which his learned friend defied inquiry, all who approached them. He did not 

he (Mr. R. Jackson) challenged oontro- know, until he went to the college, thtt 

versy — ^feeling, as his learned friend did, the writerships were given them when 

in hSs honourable mind, that examination they entered— and he eould not sufi* 

was imperatively called for, if the coHege ciently reprobate such a system. Young 



was to go on hereafter without opposi- 
tion. Gentlemen being acquainted with 
the spcicific motion he meant to bring 
forward would have fourteen days to con« 
siderofit. 



men went to Oxford andCambridgei to 
procure fellowships and livings.. But 
they received those rewards in oonse- 
iquenoe of thdr exemplary oentf net, sad 
their MUdiQi^ic iio|iUn«ieat9« Thefwert 



1S17*!] Debase at ihe Easi^India Bouse.; 19X 

ndt complimented ,wUb situations as soon He had no wJsli to st^te ik^9e circuniT 

Ks they, became members of the uuiver- stances, having left It with the hon.Chair- 

/sity. Why shvuld not the Company imi- man and the court of directors to select 

tate tlie system adopted at these gi^at such documents 4s appeai-ed most likely 

seats uf learning, and, instead of giving to elucidate the subject. He coald give 

the young men writerships the moment dates if he were called upon — but, as the 

tbey became students, make them wait a court seemed anxious to entrust the se- 

£bw years, and hold out this provision as lection of documents to the executire 

an incentive to good conduct }—^CCrJe^ of body, he woidd abstain from such ii 

question^ and coughing*) The hon. pro- course. Before the question was put, lie 



prietor did not know whether this was 
meant for applause or disapprobation^- 
but4ie would not occupy himself in beat- 
ing about tiie bush. They had been a 
loD^ time beating jibout the bush— but 
he had at length found the hare sitting, 
and he hoped the Company would profit 
by the fliscovery. As long as they gave 



begged leave to state one circumstance 
that must come hpme to the feelings of 
every man, and must shew that disorder 
and iusubordinaiion had existed to an 
alarming extent. The learned professor 
who stood forward before the court, to 
defend the proceedings of the institution^ 
had said, " I am only astonished that the 



away those writerships, without having college has gone on at all 1" These were 



any insight into the coifduct of those who 
received them, they were doing that 
which they ought not to do — they were 
holding out temptations to misconduct, 
when the youn<^ men were assured that 
they would be sent out to India, whether 
they behaved well or ill. It was most 
important that the proprietors should 
turn this point in their consideration — 
because the great evils of the college 
might easily be traced to it. 

Mr. Impey, to order. — He really wished 
that the hon. proprietor would not speak 
so much out of time, and so irrelevantly. 
There was a particular question before the 
court, on wuich his obseirations did not 
bear in the- remotest degree. 

Mr. LowTules, {in a tone of the utmost 
turprise) — ** Not bear on the quei^tion ! 
With all due deference to the learned 
gentleman, they do hear on the question 
— but they bear on a very tender part, 
audy therefiM'e, are not relished behind 
the b'drV*'^(Maug/itfr and coug/ti/tg.J 

The Chair man. ^** Tlie hon. proprietor 
is completely misinformed on the subject 
he has introduced. The dtay oi th^; young 
men at Haileybury is a period of proba- 
tion; both the time ana attainments are 
specified. If they dt) not pass the test^ 
they are not sent out to India at all ; and 
when they are sent out, they are classed 
acconlingto their merits.'* 

lir. Lott-ndes. — ** That must be a liew 
regulation, for I heard that the writer- 
ship was given without any condition 
whatever.** 

Mr. Hume said, it was a matter of rery 
great importance that what had fallen 
from the hon. Chairman .should be sub- 
stantiated. Tiu: proprietors and the pub- 
lic were told, in XHVZ, that writers were 
sent out to India, who had not completed 
their course at jlertford College. With 
respect to the insubordination which pre- 
vailed there, he could state, tliat, in the 
two first years, two extensive riots had 



the words given to the public, in a pamph- 
let, the day before yesterday j and surely,, 
after thifs statement, those who saw the 
pharacters of the professors and of the 
institution at stake, conld not refuse the 
most minute inquiry. He should be most 
ha[>py. If, on investigation, the college 
was able to rescue itself from tlie charges 
brought against it. By inquiry alone, 
could it be ascertaiued what was calum- 
nious, assertion, and what was well- 
founded statement. For his part, he 
sought for nothing but cuol and dispas- 
sionate consideration. He was anxioiis 
for an inquiry founded on facts, and on 
nothing but facts. To them he would, 
apply himself^and by them he pledged 
hjni^tclt* to stand or full. 

Mr. Bosanqaet thought it was essential 
that the court should not labour under a 
misunderstanding (and it was a very 
common one) with respect to persona be- 
ing sent out to India, who were not duly 
qua ified. He would put this point beyond 
all question, and beyond all doubt, by 
reading the clause relating to this subject, 
in the last act of parliament ; when he. 
had done this, it would appear that the 
hon. proprietor, who introduced the 
topic, was not correct in his statsmeAt* 
7'he clause (the 156tlO in the act of 1813, 
was as. follows: — " And be it ^uhher 
enacted, that it shall not be lawful for 
the said court of directors to nominate, 
appoint, or send, to the presidencies of 
Fort William, Fort St. George, or Bom- 
bay, any person in the capacity of a 
writer, unless such person shall liare 
been duly entered at such college, and 
have resided there four terms, according, 
to the rules and regulations thereof j aiid 
shall al^io produce to the said court of iU 
rectors, a certificate, under the hand of 
the principal of the said college, testlfy- 
fng that he has, for the space of foiur. 
terms, been a member of, and duly con- 
formed himself to, the rules and r^gula-: 



jocburred— randin the past year, a very tions of the said^coUege."' Beyond ^tliis,' 
asirous < 

AuqHc 



doaslrous commotion had taken pla<:9. rcontfnued Mr. Bosanquet) there was, i« 

i<ak Joum.^'tio. 14. Vol. III. 2 B 



m 



DwHttc €& tht Sttst-Inditt Shustm 



tfie stituteft enacted for the gotrerument 
tiiis college, a clause^ which was as biod- 
iog as law, becaase it had received the 
approbation of the board of commis- 
sioners. It was this, that the professors 
should not be nndeir the ni^cessity of 
granting this certificate, unless they felt 
that it was reasouahle and proper : Mr. 
Bosanqnet, after a nioment's consultation 
with one of his brother directors, said he 
begged leave to correct himself. He did 
not wish to mislead tlie court on this oc- 
casion^ and, he understood, there was no 
pirovision in the college statutes, on the 
point he had last mentioned. But, he 
apprehended, what he had read from the 
act of 181 3, was a complete bar to the 
sending any person out to India who was 
not qualified. It ^d not, as had been 
stated, folMw as a matter of bourse, that, 
because young men were sent to the col- 
lege ftt Hertford, they must, therefore, 
proceed to India. 

Mr. Hume said, in consequence of a 
question he had, on a former occasion, 
put to the chair, an answer was giren, 
which was noMr contradicted — namely^ 
that individuals had gone but to India, 
without the required certificate. That 
wa^ before ^the parsing of the last act, 
and took place in 1812 or 1813. By the 
Tutt, from which (he hon. director had 
read a dlaUse, It wa^ imi)08sible, without 
atir^ach Of ,tl^ law, for any person td be 
sent 6ut to India, who had not qualified 
hirn^lf by a fesidenee at the college. He 
did not mean now to enter on this subject, 
but he had, on a former occasion, in his 
^lace in that court, called the attention of 
the proprietors to it. He now held in his 
hand a le^er, wl^ich he had brou^t 
down to the court by accident, in whldh 
it was stated, that a Mr. Parkei*, a Mr. 
Phillips, and a Mr. Thomas, gentlemen 
who were recommended by very high au- 
thority, had been sent out to India, 
though they had not been at the college at 
all. This was directly in the teeth of the 
^ of parliament ; and if the court of 
director could, in their Wisdom, dispense 
with sending the youths to college, al- 
{hough it was positively provided for by the 
ict, the law became a mere dead letter. 

[It was here intimated from behind t!ie 
bar, that those appointments were made 
Defore the passing of the act.] 

Mr. Pattison said, as far as reapected 
hinisdf, he was wholly indiflTerent about 
the preseht motion. He considered it to 
tfe a ^liestion of general poficy ; bow fiir 
It ibi^t be propef to produce documents, 
ilivdlvlig, in various ways, the discldsmie 
of miifiy confidential statements? It fe- 
ifiaHied forthe Court <>f proprietox^ to de- 
cide that question. But, if the sul^eict 
wi^tdbe discussed (t^ tie <^uld n^ 

Be oofoa fm «m« jetmefiuUlMiId wUlu 



C*»' 



draw from his motion that provisioh, 
which gave to the court of dhreetors tbi 
piower of selecting the docmnents. Htf« 
trnsted the hon. gentleman would make 
his motion general, and, by thatmeaii^^ 
abstain frond throwing any responsibility^ 
on the gehtlettien behind the bat. He re-* 
quested him to do this, because, if knuh. 
a distinction were made, it might be said 
hereafter, that certain papers, necessary' 
to the elucidation of the sabject, hadheeir 
kept back, from sinister motives, by the 
court of directors. If, tlierefore, a clear 
and distinct view of this delicate question 
Were determined on, be was of opinion 
that the motion shotOd be made general,^ 
in order to the production of all the do- . 
cuments connected with it. Still, howe- 
ver, it appeared to him, that iUe motion 
ought to be negatived alrogether^-and for 
this reason, becau&e the evils Were gone 
by,, of which so much complaint had been 
made. The dates would shew that thef 
evils, so feelingly described by the learn- - 
ed gentleman, in his eloquent and pithy 
fanner, had ceaSed fifteen months ago. 
The disorders had all been set tOrightst-^ 
the refractory students had been ptmiAed[ 
-^that puufshinent had produced the most 
salutary effects — and the college was, at 
the present moment, in a more perfect, 
state of discipline, than it could boast for' 
a great length of time. When the storia. 
was over, when the vessel might be said 
to have righted herself, and Was proceed- 
ing smoothly to her destination, then* 
these two gentlemen got ap in a corner of 
the room, and, like (he conjf^of hi the 
Tempetty endeavoured to create a stottti 
of their own.-^fffeai' / hfaf /J^Here 
tf^ere they involved in a storm ptodnced 
by the mere ipti disetunt of those gen- 
tlemen. He wonld not admit Chat the al- 
legations s6 boldly made against the CoU 
lege were supported by proof. So ^ as 
regarded the proficiency in science of the 
young men, (wMch the learned ^ntleAtaa 
had thought fit to arraign,} he, in hii^ 
place^ wonld pointedly and positively de- 
dare; that it did esust, aiid in a very high 
degree, tnitances might, p«fiia(n, be 
found, where some of the young iaen 
evlAceid a less degree of proficiency than 
many of their fellow-students. But waa 
this extraordinary ? When the hon. gen- 
tleman (Mr. Hume) was at school or at 
college— (he knew not at what schdot the 
hon. gentleman might ha^e received hH 
talents, or mher improtiM them, for 
talents were the gift of heavenl wer« 
there not some dufiees at that schoc^ or. 
College— were there not, nt that adiool 
or coHese, sonie depraved charactenr^ o4 
whom discipline and Instruction produced 
a6goodeffbct? Could it be esgwctatf that 
Ifenford College ai6n« iihouM be €6m- 
phn^tfit^Miroiii dull or tnrbnletti 



1970 

■MM of th» f oiitiM fdvcMed there, he 
«boald. be borne oat hj-facta, at least as 
strong and conclnsime as any that coald 
be adduced on the other side. The latest 
aoeonnta from Bengal proved the utilitjr 
of the oourse of edocation at Haileybury. 
There were, in the conduct of the young 
men who had been sent out, evident and 
irrefragable proofB, that they Were fitted, 
«t that institution, to hold high situations 
in India — to hold them with advantage 
to the Con^aiiy, and with honour to 
themselves. And now, when the storm 
was overblown, when the halcp<m was- 
on the water, when all was at peace, 
they were called on to interrupt this calm 
and nnniffled state of things! He again 
entreated, that the motion might be so 
worded, as not to leave the court of di- 
rectors at liberty, if it should be carried, 
to withhold a single paper. 

Mr. R, Jaeksim said, he did not per- 
fectly comprehend the course adopted by 
the hon. director who had last spoken. 
He had first observed, that it was a mat* 
ter of perfect indiflference to him, whe- 
Iher the resolution were carried or not— • 
and then he advised his hon. fri^ (Mr. 
Huflie) to remove that cautionary provi- 
sion frpm his motion, which was calcu- 
lated to reader it acceptable te ever^ iu-» 
genuoua mind— which was intended-^o 
make it palatable to all sides of the eourt« 
If the motioii were stripped of this eau- 
jtioofuy provision^ the boa. director well 



iMKHe tff <Ae JSoif-iMfo flbKtf. 



(and, when the- w eni ff ti oC wrnmiktWH^ 
passed, he did pestess eand^ir) whe* 
therthie was ptoper . phraaeelbgy to bi^., 
used to gentlemen? He was swe tkie 
hon. dwedov woel4> ift fairness^ amweri.. 
that it was net. WhiJe he and hit ]|oip« 
frienda treated the eoart with, d^ re- 
spect—while they acted with that skn 
gleness of heart, which detie<1 ti^ 
world to find oat an improper nue-i 
tive ftir theur fonduct-rauch laaguage 
(which vifab not suited to the digni^f: 
of the court) would i^c lower ^ tlieiii 
in the opinioK of thAie proprietors, ^r 
whose interests tbeyhod fought Ibr «t 
inconsideraMe number of yeajrs^-rasid fpf , 
whose intevesta he would eoptiime strenu.« 
ottsly to fight, withoutr however, loiting 
sight of the feeiuigs and iirbaoity of 2( gen- 
tleman i-^CUear ! M39f He w^uld qot 
assent to the expunging of a paftage ti^, 
the motiSB, which went to make i( ae-u 
oeptahle to all. They had annual r^porta 
from the college, and they also had mont^ 
ly.reports. Thelattjer entered into ¥ery. 
minute details. Theyspotee» pepsbapp, pf^ 
difiorders which had oocvrtSsd in oj|9* 
month, but were happily fnit an end t^ 
in the a^t> ^rbercfof^, h» vfafai4 sot 
call for these confidential communi cat io ns ,, 
3nt mu^ itiformation, pot of ^lif pc^ate 
kind, was necessary ; and could th^re, he^ 
asktHl, he a notioo hetf^ fi^amad ^ 
eliciting it ? CeuU a pnpp^sUion be ia|d 
before the court, more entitled to un4ni!-> 



knew, it woukL go to the produeUon of mous consent, than one which requested 



prhrate matters, and would of course, he- 
cpoM ao obnoxious to all parties, that it 
nanst necessarily be lost. This, he pre- 
sumed, was the policy of the hon. direc- 
tor, but he trusted the good sense of his 
lionosrable friend would defeat it. Withf 
respeet to the system of his honoumhle 
friend'e education (and his exertiona 
In that ooort proved that he had reoeived 
an esoellent one) or to the place where 
he had ImUbed the first principles of 
knowledge* he would not assume the \i^ 
herty ofwaking,' any ebsetvatlons. Nei- 
ther would he atop to enquire, whether 
his hon, friend or the ben. direetpr wae 
the nonjwrcr who had raised the stem o« 
thie* occasion. But he, for one, would 
fisel great pWasnre if some coinpetent 
power would eoforeise that spirU of ro- 
wark, of reproof, and of penional allusioii,^ 
which thqr had witnessed that day, 
Those at whom It was levelled were not 
qoile need to it and the hon. director 
would do well to leeoUeet, that they 
were, generaily, geatleasen of eeme dor 
gnee of mark and station in life, and 
w«U-luioim beyond Uh precincts of that 



the court of directors, a^ this motion did, 
to produce all those paperi that appeared 
to them essential to the merits of thecase,, 
but to withhold eveiry thine that c^mU4 
tend to the disclosure of confidential cqok 
nmnicationa I if the paperi wera refoasd# 
how wonhl those persona h>ok, who, 
when he and his hon. friends stated thai 
instances of insubordinatioo were notori- 
ous, met the statement, not by reijpfirinf. 
to doenmeats, hut by a mere ceotmdiev 
tion? Hehopadnota dipaentient veies 
woqld be heard on thia oe c saiwi^ m 
was sure that the ahrewdnesa of hia befir 
friend, pemeivtd, at the lirat ghuiee, the 
oldect of the ben. diveoter. He oaUqd en 
him te avoid the gilu temtered If the 
hen. direetor^te peisasvere in kl^ nWft 
sitieo, with its cautionary provisie^TMNld 
»st, by agreeing to make it palatable Hp 
one pecauB, reader it obnoxiouft and llttr 
pkieaing to all the rest. U ivas a ummir 
sitien on which he ought te reeaive m§r 
port from ^U sides of the court, hneaurp 
tte want ef iofannmilon was tmvMlf^ 
mitted. He knew no hedy of gitPllemiP 



•f 



Mm 
vSm 



wlK>ahDukl he more aoxiMis for mtvury 

Wm It deeon^M «o sfasak - of then the ieasned p jo fefl see s t h imii w ij 

itimmw, getting yp l»o cemsr whom he fhseccelip wished to nmmu Ho 

Ikit tqmm, to dMnch iko gSMml had m^ ^« ieamdenbl, at frn ai 

MdtranqaiKtymMchtimnilfdl** were oonoerned, that th^Fmoali 

iM^ii^ilm ima. dlMMf^o mntar fitt fmm ui na ai lliPi .fitaal tim omwuf 

ftB8 




IM 



DAuie at the East^lntRa Wimse. 



£&» 



bsttCMtfMf , thert^irare^iioperaoiis coti- 
wt^ vtifHk 4he oollege whone honour 
«kore' imperatively demanded tbe inquiry. 
• Mr.S.Oidwnobserved^rhat, in tliecourse 
Ofwtiathad been said, it was admitted, 
thftt heretofore much iDSubordtuatiou had 
prevailed at the college ; bur it was also 
stated, that judicious alterations had been 
iftade, which were productive of very 
beneficial effects. Now, 4ie conceived, it 
Urould be an act of injustice to the college, 
ttbd to all who were connected with it, if 
those alterations, by which progressire 
improvement had been eflected, were not 
WOtdfi known to the public* This could 
oHiy be done through the medium of an 
inquiry-<but he submitted whether it was 
necessary to go so far back as the year 
1605 ? <^ (Mr. R. Jackson wbispei^d, 
•* That is^ in the discretion of the direc- 
tors.")— Mr. Dixon thought, as the mo- 
tion was worded, it was peremptory^ He 
alfould advise a more reasonable period ; 
for instance, the two last years, ta be se- 
Jected as the criterion. He was desirous 
that a full investigation should take place. 
The college and the court of directors 
might then stand justified before the pub- 
lie— which could not be the case, without 
inquiry. 

Mr^ Prnttitm felt himself called on to 
rise, in con*-equence of the personal at- 
tuck which the learned proprietor (Mr. 
"Ri /ackson) had made on him in the 
course of his speech. Tliat learned gen- 
tleman had a< command a number of 
high^sovinding words, which captivated 
Ij^e attention, andj no doubt, made a deep 
impression on the minds of many gentie- 
tf en. He, liOwc\'er, called on the learn- 
ed gentleman to proye a single instaooe,- 
where he (Mr< Pattison^ had attacked 
bim or his triends unfairly* When he had 
attacked them, he had done it on princi- 
ple^he iiad done it to their face — 
thus shewing that be was not intimi- 
€nted by thdr talents or attainments, 
Md that he did not regard the influence 
lihey had obtained over many of the pro- 
prietors.. If the learned gentleman had 
spoken of those only who were present^ 
nod could answer for themselves, he fMr. 
Pattisou) would not have made the ob- 
servations that appeared to have excited 
«iioir warm feelings. But the letnned 
gentleman, in his speech the other day, 
■kad condemned the whole conduct of the 
college council— he had heaped indiserimi- 
nafe censure on them—- couched in terms, 
^e. was almost about to say, of coarse 
plhaseel9gy. This it was which bad in- 
*€need him to ofkx his sentiments.. 

Mr. iMUimteB said, be was at the col- 
*tfefetliree months ago, and, so £urfrom 
laabonliBatioD being rvstoMd, a dtetnrb- 
*aMe -had then very reoantly takeapjaeci-' 

i .'ifv. JCsrMny to^^riwi..^ wm |eally» 
htebserved^ veiy indMlmi for thelion.pro- 



pfietor to get op every t^& or three 
minntes, and throw the Whole coiirt into 
confusion by in'elovattt statements. 

Mr. P: Moore woaM, ttfs briefly as pOs« 
sib!e, state 'his view of the question, dtt 
wliich, he thought, too much bad lieea ' 
said. It wBs agreed, 1n the early part of 
the day, that nothing should be oflH^red in 
anticipation of the genen)! debate, 'and, 
he was sorry, the recnmmendatioD had 
not been strictly attended to. They 
started with something of a notice foriKs- 
cassing the affairs of this institution on a 
futtire day — and he ''expressed his readi- 
ness, when the subject was broofht for-* 
ward, to state his sentiments at length. 
He now thought it necessary to say, that 
he wanted to have nothing to do wi^ the * 
practical part of tlK? qne^tioti, as ft was 
called, becaime his objectlMis went far 
beyond any thing that the practice of the * 
college presented. There were two points 
into which this question divided itself— 
first, the principle on which the 'College* 
was founded ; and secondly, the practice 
which prevailed I here J Now _w hat did 
the motion go to ? It ^i\ ap|)ear ro, htm, 
when he considered the subject, that there 
was something en mo^^e— something a 
little below the surface- that could not 
be immediately seen. The learned' gen- * 
tleitian and his lion, friends seemed to 
arraign individual conduct. Against this 
' he protested — and en what principle.' 
Because that which he alluded to had 
been adjudicated, already, in some way 
or other. Now he would state^ ft»om his 
own knowledge, what had oocnrrel at a 
celebrated public institution. He once- 
had a great many sons at Westminster 
school. The more conveniently to super- 
intend their edncatfon, he took a bouse in 
VVestmiuHter. He made use of West- 
minster school as a day xchool, where he 
' sent his sous to learn their Greek and 
Latin, and he taught them every thing 
else himself. No less than five ffbeilhni, 
as they were termed, broke oat in the 
school, while his sons were tjiere. It* 
was found necessary to make alterations 
in the system-^aad, at present, in conse-- 
qnence* of those alterations, a degree of^ 
discipline was obtained which was never 
before known there. This, he under- 
stood, was the case at Hertford college. 
That good order and due snbordinatioa 
prevailed there now, was, he believed, in- 
disputable. He could put his finger oa' 
some points contained in the minute of 
the marquis Wellesley, in whidi h« was 
completely at issue with some of bis ad- 
mirers; aud, when the quefltion was 
brought forward, he woQld< state tbem. 
When it was clear that good order liad 
been restored, w|iat neeessitysrai'tlierfi 
for alt those iiroo^> of insMbenfiMition ? 
Why was. a hislsry of evil*, 'Which hail 
alUMly biOB wainiuil^ a ou i »tsU y<alled 
for? It appeared to him that three pohits 



1«17.3 



BehUe'Ot the East^India Ifyme, 



IW^ 



sdught te be effected by their pro- 
oeedhig?*-Fiyst, to cenisure the court of 
directors for misconduct. Second, to 
diar^ the professors with negHgence of 
their duty. And thirds to describe the 
boys who were sent out to India, as not • 
being properly educated. Wheuever the 
question was i»tit)duced, he should con- 
sider the principle of the institution, and- 
consequently he should not want the evi- 
dence now demanded. His ol>jection 
went to points of a nature very different 
from those on which ' other gentlemen 
proceeded. W}(n respect to the motion 
before theiseUrt, the hon. gentleman had - 
quatntSd^it in a ?ery peculiar way. The 
potion contained five ails, and then 
CEiiiie the discretion vested in the directors 
te grant what papers they thought proper, 
^liich might be denominated the save-all 
^^'(IfJttgkterJ — ^for, under it, the directors 
were at liberty not to produce a single do- 
cument. Looking at the question as he 
did, it'Strucli him as being kn inquisition 
into the'conduct of the court of directors ; 
and, therefore, the executive body must 
wish that the cautionary provision should 
be omitted. It placed tijem in a very in- 
vidious 8itaation^>because, if any docu- 
ment were refused (if, for instance the 
ooort ofditeotors did not chose to pro- 
duce a paper^ that tended to criminate 
IM'ivate individuals, who had nothing to 
do with the dispute) it might be alleged, 
that it was kept back for an unfair pur- 
pose. Now, 'he wished the resolution to 
be read with all its alia — for there were 
so many that he could make nothing of 
it. (The resolution having been again 
read by the clerk.) Mr. JUoore observed, 
that the hon. gentleman might get ail he 
wanlied, without difficulty, if he did not 
Bean to criminate individltials, and would 
look to the principle of the institution. 
If he were inclined to do this, he hadotfiy 
to move, '* that all papers relative to the 
origin of the- college, the principle on 
which it was founded, and the suecess 
that- had attended it, shonld be laid be- 
fore the court." 

' Mr. H. Grant conceived the motion for 
papers to be founded upon this idea, 
tliat the practice in the college was dis- 
tinguishable from the principle. All he 
bad to say was, that he considered the 
^arges which had been suggested to the 
prqudice of the institution, were not 
merely confined to the* principle, but to- 
both principle and practice ; and this being 
10^ be con Id not agree to a motion for 
papers^ by which the court were only to 
acquit the principle, and not the practice, 
oftheo6llege. 

Mr. hispoH was not awareof any formal 
diafges Mag exhibited upon the subject. 
The object of hit learned friend was merely 
to •hew that there was sonegnouiidof in- 
4ttiiy< • Ha'didBotBMtntaaiakeaajrspe* 



dficchaiiKes until some groimd of impu- 
tation was made out upon the authority^ 
of documents in the possession of- the di- 
rectory. The whole extetit of his learned 
friend's present object was inquiry, and 
the circumstances which induced a belief 
that inquiry was necessary, were too no- 
torious to require the/form of df tail. Tlid 
court might inquire without having sped- 
fic charges laid before it.v 

M r. Loumdet asked what other grounds . 
virere there necessary to justify inquiry 
than the uoturioos state of insubordination 
which had very recently been mauitested 
by the young gentlemen in tlie college ? 
He (Mr. L.) was at the college about three 
months since, and he wa.s told, that the in- 
subordination was then so great, that a 
row was expected on the 5 th of November, 
truly because the professors would not 
allow the young gentlemen to have.squibs 
and crackers to celebrate the anniversaiy 
of the guu-powder plot. Surely that in- 
stauce was sutficiently recent to justify 
seme inquiry, although a temporary calm 
might at present exist. 13 nt it there was ' 
a latent disposition to riot and misconduct^ 
it was fit that it should be eradicated by 
the wholesome inter position of the court, 
in order to bring these young geatiemen 
to their senses, and teach them that those 
who are to govern and superintend the 
future destinies of India, are not to carry 
with them the seeds of rebellion and dis- 
order ; that they are not to set an ex- 
ample directly contrary to the priuclplea 
of good government and subordinatioa, 
which it would probably fall to their lot 
one day or other to inculcate. Subordina- 
tion and a due respect fiir the constituted 
authorities, were the very first principled 
of duty which these young men were to 
learn and practise in the whole tenour of 
their conduct. A departure from these 
manifested not only a proof of ctisqualifi- 
cation for the high honour of a writership* 
bat what was more unpardonable it 
shewed a total want of gratitude for the 
benefits bestowed upon these young men. 
The Company not only put breail in their 
mouths, and education in their heads^ 
but they gave them the certain prospect of 
receiving, in the first instance, a noble 
income, perhaps of 3 or i:4000 per an« 
num. The least returns which theti* 
generous patrons had a right to receive 
for these great benefits^ were a grateflil 
sense of the obligations conferred, and a 
modest, an humble, and a respectful suh^ 
mission to the orders and regulationa of 
the ooitege, during their probadooary 
eareer With respect to the gentlemen 
who discharged the important duties oi 
the professorships, it was impossildeti! 
find a more learned, a more correct, or a 
more honourable body of men, even i» 
the universities of Oxford and Caiabridge; 
It wm uttDeeessjiry to mtniion pttCiailar 



19» D0b0t0 0t^Ka$bImlhHml0f^ 

ntkmai to)aUf% thit obsonriiftiQAy for tW mmBkom of m&^i -mi* smy 
merits of thee^ geiit{«m«i} 



ti?»». 



were well 
1lqqwb» m<L he bad no ikMibt tfaiy would 
1)« diii^ apprecialcd* The veisr charjictap» 
aid aUiiities of tb« geftllemen who 9B|Mff- 
imtaMled the eduoatioa of the {Hipilfti r«ft- 
dered the oondqct of the. latter tU« aovft 
iaesciusable, and their iogralltadtt the 
inore Vagrant and uiipardoiiable« The 
ingratitude of their condiact, waa iar lea« 
|ii4ti6able, than any kregiilaritte? of 
whkh theycoukl begwlty* S«hordi»»- 



peimiiiest in thU resfHict waa ifea% « ,. 
miifoitHBe. Wltat l^'Qwable jiiiigoMvl 
coi^ld be formed of the louida of yfHmg 
ipeu, who ill the very outaet of. life, htm 
tra^d a total igyioraiice of their duty i& 
the jiiost importapt article of their poli- 
tical creed ; and what opinion m^A he 
foraied of those hearts which co«]d at 
the same time evince a total insensibility, 
to the iurst impulse^ eren of the brate crea- 
tion— najnely graititude for kindn^a. 



tWa onght to be the first, whilst it was Great allowance ought certainly .to be* 



the least, achn^wledgment they ooiild k«- 
tnrn for the important adyantafes they 
derived under their beu^actors auspicious 
. prntection. If they had any proper feel- 
ings they asuiit be coDscieus tbaif they 
owed erery thing to the East-India Gon- 
panf . Should any of thew ever make » 
fi^re upon tlie theatre of the world, their 
prosperity and success must be placed to . 
the credit of the .Company, and to that 
anspidpus patronage under which their 
rising genius and hopes were cherished. 
Their situa^on was far more fortunate/ 
1^ i^omising than that of the greai ma- 
jerity of the youth eren in the higher 
classes of society; for they did not merely 
reosive a good education, but in fact they 
received rewards for senrices, which re* 
BU^oed yet to be performed. The tickets 
If hidi they had in the lottery of life, jwere 
•nee to be prises — ^they wece born, (to 
make use of a quaint phrase) with .silver 
ifHu^na in their moutlui. SSnrely under 



made for the iiKemperance and ^Intiikf 
of y#uth — but in a seminary wh(!re subor- 
dination was the primary and mosf essen- , 
tial duty, less consideration should be 
shewn for a departure in so capital ao^ 
artide. None of these young men could 
be so igaorapt of their duty, or so stupid 
as to the common rules of sodetyi as not 
to know that it was a most serioos of- 
fence to fly in the face of superior au- 
thority. They had no apoloQr of this 
kind to plead, and t^refore their copdnct 
was the more criminals Probably be 
(Mr. L.) might he again told thai he wee 
talking nonsense, and ^gaincall for inte<w, 
ruption. from behind the bar | but wbet-* 
ther he himself j^ractised sound moralUf 
or nol^ he trusted he was at least 
speakmf sound morality. He duMged 
the grossest ingratitude upon these youi^ 
men — and he imputed to them the most 
8hame6d insubordination«-a crime whi^ 
struck at the very root of the. eoUege^ and 



' these circumstances the Company had a. which if not checked in time by salutary 

rigikt to expect some show of gratitude for- coercion, would speedily terminste it9.e«* 

sueb blessings— some sense of ohligatiott. istenee.. Insubordination pcodnced tba 

werthiy of the honourti nod advantages French revolution, and had indeed been 

f whuhukwfuted their debut in lif^, llMt t^ie proximate cause of dcstru^n to th« 

^ erime oiiugratitude in them was the more most flourishing kingdoms oif the world. 

sboci^ng when it was recollected on what Mr* Hume said, that, the question 

footisg they were placed* Heceiving, as having been put from the chair, he sub* 

they did, the treatment of gentlemen,--^ mHtei thnt the motion conld not ao^ be 

endued with an education, which placed altered. However, if there was ai^ thing 

liieqi above the fortunes of millions of objectionable ia the form of it, he woirid 

tfieir&Uov-^Teaturcs, ingratitude in them moss wilUpgly meet the wishes of the 

was indeed a high misdemeanour. Un- court. His only ol^ect was to get smdi 

happily for the lower ordew, the state of information as should enable the funopri^ 

«Bdety was suci^, that they must often be ton to diseuss the subjeot fidly, fota'ly and 

' mled with a rod of iron, defects of edu« disp«Bsk»nately. 

catleo, or an ignorance of the politifial The Chairman still hehl the oj^nioo 

■nsfortuoes resulting from insnbordinan thai this question ought not to be bnmglil 

tion^ rendered it necessary to adopt a forward. Nothing which oould he snideii 

4lfeient' course of goyeniment towuds the subleei would make ii palatable to bin 

the great mass of mankind, than whni niad« llie i^tcratio» proposed did aat 

would be juatiflable towards the inteUi«* at aU pemosehia objections to the motion i 

gent and informed; because 6oai «bq4 for ha still thought that the i^jltation ^ 

' edueatiott, and the impoovement of the tfae anUectwould prodnoe much harm a)id 

leAectSng lacuUicm thn legislatVM «»* ae goiKU Ha wished the psoprietf^s, 

tmaUy looked for a sense of honer,'-<ii ^vaveTy to anderstapd this to he only. 

feoper rnspect for the consUtuted a«thorif his individual opinion. Having had na 

Siaa and a due subordin^on to tl)e<ovdlt •pportunity of 4Ninsiitoii|f with thq toady 

Bauc^ o)f the cnutitntion. These were of sbacamtaf dispolan* hawa w uMi 

Hie effects whioh one would niitiiraUy ^«ty wiutl Ihnhr lejtimeti want. He 

|ook.fov» asfonltinf frnm thia coniae •! mm iMllv iHMiapi of thw a p t a im -i 

ihMeokNSB W| ten the iMiit «iiY Jia biMlW 



nm 



Btikde Ui ik EaU-lndia Ffytue* 



iBi 



anxlodt 4«iire %h» It riMUtd ii«t be made 
fliaMer^ public discilfsioii ; for be really, 
imdtoiisfjleiftioaiiy beliereH it would do 



motol^nt, if the reasone aiid argvments by 
which it was orfgiHaHy retoMneMled still 
suhsisted, tM if the fuels ^at«d were 
hesrfjy trwe. The crherkiH of tlte institu-' 



AgMat deal of harm, without the t^K^^htest ^«ea now was thai Ave or six yeung meh 

pArticle of geod. With (his cowvictioii 

OB bis tfiiad, he should give his opposi- 

tkiB to the motion, and be sincerely 

wished f&r a majority of tlie tomt to de- 

cMeagftidstit. 



cane oat of tlie college fit for iminedldfee 
eiB|il4«yjDeiit, at the eod of s?z m^ftthft, 
wbei^eas in former times the studeifts 
were not qiialifled siiffieieBtYy at tM 
end of a year. Some were cap&Me ii 



Mr. InifHs tboaght ^at ^le 4Kt o€ par- going to India without being subjected to 

Hamnic which had been produced by this ordeal at all ; and others there Wei^^ 

an hon. director (Mr. Bosanqaet) was as whose dispositions vrere such that ho io- 

anmiswerable ob^ion to the unlimited struction whatever would sufficiently qM* 

metioa of the hoBonrable gentleman. At- Hfy them; but in soch inseanees their 

teadlof to the {tt-OrisiOns of that act of parents had no right to turn roond to th«r 

pariiament, he (Mr. Tnglfis) wfts clearly of professors, and say ** you have not done 

•piaion, that, ia all events, the notion jtiMice to my son." The obvious answer 



ihottid be limited to the date of the act^ 
because it would be unreasonabe to call 
Ibr papers refacing to by-gone grievances, 
or abuses wl^li had been long since reme- 
died. In reason, the motion ou^ht to be 
restricted to returns of recent date, and 
ought not to have reference to the begin- 
alng of the histitntion ; for inl such eases, 
it would be only bringing baclt the recoK 
leclMii of errors and miscoudaet, which 
bad .been decided upon. Many of such 
fetums wbuld relate to abuses which the 
act of parliament vras passed to remedy, 
«ii€l therefore it would answer no useful 
purpose to extend the motion beyond the 



to such a complaint wonld lie, ** he is not 
capable of the Aame instnietion with tbo 
same opportunity as other young mett 
are.^ But he put it seriously to the eOvrl 
of proprietbrs, whether this was the mode 
ia which the principle of tlie institution 
was to be got rid of? The court wert 
not to listen to the eompl£f?nts,frivoloias or 
not, of parents, but they were to loolc to' 
the general principle and general eftet 
of the institution. He (Mr. Inglis) there-' 
lore for ouc must serionsly object to thi« 
motion as perfectly unnecessary ; but at 
all events he obje^sted to its implying to A 
period earlier than the date of the siei Of 



mile of that act. Hon was quite persuad- parliament, because the state of thiogv 

ed that the court of directors and the pro- now in the college was quite different fronH 

fesaors oif the college had no wi^h to with- what it had been heretofore. It bad beell 

hold any information from the court. ITn- placed since that period on quite audthor 

4oubtedly, he was free to confess that he tooting; new regulations I ad beensttied 

was not one of those who at first favoured ^pon from that time. It Was a true ob>t 

the institmiott-'-on the contrary he held aervation, that sometimes it happened itt 



establishing new institutions of this kind, 
that sufflicient authority was not put iut4 
the hands of the superiors, to provide Ibr 
its internal management and economy. 
In thi<i particQiar case the truth of tbt 
observation bad been discovered ftxMncir- 
oumstanees, already notorious, that the rt- 



a different opinion of its success. But 
the eoUfge having been established, and 
he having y^ itnes»ed the good effects it bad 
produced, and was still lllsely to produce 
to the Gonspany's service in India, he 
thought it an institution whldi ought to 
be maintained. To be satisfied of the 

good eflbcts of the t-oUege ft was only ne- gulations provided' for the internal 
cessary to look to the result of one yea^. nagement of theooltege, did not sap^rt 
It appeared last year that of the nine thatauthorityofthe professors, which waa 
young gentlemen who entered into the essential to the well-beingof the institution, 
•ervice, five or six of them came out of However, it was not uecessary that ibt 
tbocollqfe, and most of them had only court of proprtetors should know what di»> 

ci pline was exercised by the professors. The 
power which had heretofore been exerted 
by the directors upon the subject of disd- 
pline was now ^one out Of their hands ; 
and if there was not a sufficient case madb 
out ftoshew that the proft*ssors had abused 
their • power in this purtlcular, he (Mi. 
Inglis) should be*onO of the last to inter- 
flXMice of time, was- the best possibio proof fere with tlie existing discipline 6f the 
01 tlie utility. An honourable geutlemaii coH<^. He was not present when tile 
OB tlie othet side of the bar, seemed to fi«b)eot'was discussed, — and he had only 
coasider !t a good expedient to do awajr to express his sorrow that such a discoff- 
witb the coHegb altogether. Sueh » pm^ «ioii had taken plaee. If be had been at 
ooald not vc tnt^faiited fbr a itseoimiiciieeMtifl^wMh thefe«ble poweib 



in for «ix months. Sueh a fact as 
this spoke most forcibly as to the merits 
of the institution. These young men after 
oriyaix months continuance in the college, 
came out peifBctiyqnaliAed fof the pubKc 
aerviee, and acquitted themseHras wtih 
pebt credit, it was his opinion that th« 
cSdeRcy of the students f n so snail a 



im 



JMmn <a ike Em-htSa Houtt, 



of vfhkYk he was poucflbed, he should have 
■tood ap a&d resiirted It in limine. As 
^ for the irabHcations which had taken place 
upon the sub^ecr iu pamphlets and i>ew8- 
papers, he should say nothing more than 
he was sorry such publications had ap* 
peared, because they portended no good to 
the instituViun. Undoubtedly it Vfta corn* 
petent fur a proprietor to- make iuqutriefr 
at the colIegV) touching the state of its ma-^ 
nagemeut, and from hiii own judgment 
of what he observed ; but. as to the elc^ 
pedieucy of his publish! ug his observations 
and opiuions, he thought otherwise. The 
mischief of such pnblicationf^, as he allud- 
ed to, was really very great ; and what 
was moi'e seriouff, it was impossible t6 
say when -it would be repaked ; as long 
as newspapers, pampiilets, and other pu^ 
lications of Mich a nature, might be read 
by every man and every boy in tlie kiug« 
dom. Such productions tended to mis« 
lead the public opinion, and when it was 
recollecud that there was no subject npo& 
which the public were so apt to be misled 
as the college at Hertford, he must say 
that the present discussion was most im- 
properly entertained, because most, if not 
all, the heated expressions and strong aui- 
madversiuus which had occurred, had 
only for their foundation past grievanoea 
V^hich had long since been remedied. He 
DtiuSt Say therefore, that inquiry into the 
conduct of the college at a period of ^me 
when faults might haveexisted, but >9bidi 
no longer did exfst, could tend to no pos- 
dh)e good, and mast do a great deal of 
harm. Besides the inconvenience of pro- 
ducing before the court matter which 
could lead to no nseful conclusion, it 
wjoold necessarily bring forward cirpum- 
stanees of a private and personal ndture» 
touching perhaps the youthful indiscre- 
tions of persons who luid long since suf- 
fiu-ed for and regretted their cvi-ors. It 
was for the reasonable part of the oonrt 
to judge of the propriety of a motion 
built upon such foundations — a motion 
which had for its object, to obtrude the 
conduct of parties, who had no longer any 
thing to do with the college, and who 
were not under its coutrool. if the course 
attempted could really lead to any one 
satisfactory conclusion^ he (Mr. loglis) 
would be the first to encourage and pro* 
jnote such an object; but viewing the 
subjeA as he did, he must say that there 
^as DO pretence for such a motion. 

Mr. Hume said he was williog to agree 
to any alteratroo in the motion litat 
shoum be agreeable to the ooorU He 
was perfectly satisfied that the mischief 



negative ihe moiioH' ittogstlier/ 'WMiidyioi 
his opiilioD, be doiiag>« viiryi^at*mia* 
chief; ibr the pubtto *vnfM aatanUf 
think that the ooiart of -ditfletoBB. waM 
afraid to naeet the qiiesttoa ; 'wheteaaf -ii, 
a ftill and complete discassioxftrai^giiioa 
to the stib$eoty the paMic«'euAdaalMraU]F 
form that conehwioa alone, .wl«ich<ntsll<f 
edfrom suc^adiscusskm. A¥4Mafaer lioAr. 
tunaie or unfortunate sot^km ooUfga^ 
hei for one, tiioairht that thie ooiupt^ uaier 
presettt ^trcumstaacM^ w«ra'iiottad^*by- 
ewery mo«i«« of • juatiee, .of good <MBfi^ 
aad of principle, to go iiBto4heidi3ciwisioii» 
and decide the case aecocrliogrtoits^M^ 
rits. Rather> than ^havo. the aMAion-wh 
jeoted upon A point irf form, ba.-«bQuU 
certaudy restrict it tOLthaifitH»# JaiKNirBr« - 
1814, in order to meet'rthe^wiattssol thii 
court.* It was nceeseaiy, b«fomhe.M 
down, to> notice what had bean stated bf 
the hon. gentlemaii who spoke Im|». ftoiiphi 
ing the proficiency of the* students at 
Hertford ooilage. If ths.dfa#ls sta^*<h^ 
that-worthy director were owni^*t> M .iva# 
certainly right in drawing thie-c<Wv4niiM 
be did from them. Ntow hQ {iji^. k4^, 
had the papers in his poa^es|ioni»9i»^inr 
ing the state of 4iio6ckBi'yiflia^ byt^ 
young men lately aiTJh/«d jja dudiat.Ho 
would agree that the svsleoi^ things ^the 
college tiiere, was mudiMPKP^:tA'V|j)|4(. 
forhierly took plaee. Judging iro^n an, 
average, it should seem r^ the. abUeg8^4fi . 
India had gone on in a pr<^iessive state 
of prosperity and improvement $ but h^ 
must say that the college J^^poift^ did not 
reach this country very regulaily-— for.tj^is 
was the first time he ooukl lay his Iia^^ 
on them. The result of the collide docu- 
ment for tlie year 1811, appeared cer- 
tainly, to he very £sivourabIe to the ccjlege 
in India, it appeaitsd, that in Idl I » tnere 
were twenty youths who left the college at 
Calcutta,, capable of being employed, in ikp 
various appointments given them in the 
service. Of these yquths, .tvvelvi^ were 
young men who had hf^ea sent from Hert- 
ford college, and the req^oing eight were 
young men not of Hertford college. Lpok- 
ing then, at the period of residence in the 
Cadcutta college, of these two classes of 
young men respectively, ,it appeared tha^ 
the result was in favour ojf the young 
men's proficiency who had never been a| 
Hertford college. The result was, tfxsfi 
tlie twelve young men who had le|t, th^ 
Hertford college, after an average of 
twdve, or at the least, of ten months se- 
sidenoe, which» added to their two years 
residence in Calcutu, made two years and 
ten months. The othe^ eight, who had 



to be dreaded from misleading the public not taken the benefit of the coUi^ 24 

mfpd upon tiiis subject^ could only be Jbnglaud, were three ^ears^ one month, 

avoided by a full, foir, and impartial di»- and seven days, in the Cidcutta college, i^ 

eosriofi ; and soch a discnssion^. wovld .order ^flkiently to .qualify tkem fbr en^ 

MobaMf arise upon Oie papess jnodnced jsiojfofpii jo that in that vear there wu 

by tftc motion iaita restricted fiwn. fo an exeeM ^f d^ montb aUowad tft 



tlio0eiv1ia'luuiiie«er been id thie Hereford 
coilk&gB, But at tbat time it would l)e re- 
cxiHeobed a determmatioR was made, that 
yDvngp mM slmuld not go out so regularly 
asttsoflMramfhi^ country to India. It must 
Im^ ad^tted^ kowever, that a perioid of 
three fliontlis was no great deal in favor of 
Hertford toMege. What then was the re- 
4nilt of the year 1815 ?— It appeared that 
eighteen young men were sent out from 
Bnglfflid— all of them students of this 
llc t tfa r d college-— and all of them haVing 
acquired their education of these learned 
prefesflon, whose nnmhers ware about to 
be ioereasedy witii the addition of a large 
aalairy. SUbl of these young men lived at^ 
the eoUege for six months— two for ten 
laoliths-^H^ht for eighteen months— one 



Dehaiie at the Eait'-htdm H^use* 



fm 



expense^ an4, con^^queotly, in the amount, 
of their debts 3. and> in a..worcl, for those[ 
decencies of conduct which denote, men' 
well born, and diai'acters well ti*ained.*" 

The hon. Chaitynan thought it but due to 
justice to read the opinion of a noble lord 
liow goue, who had the means of forming 
his judgment, upon the good effects of tbe 
system of ^ucation, by being on the 
spot. He (the hon. Chairman) did not 
mean fo compliment the noble lord th^ 
more, in having formed his judgment upon' 
the spot, because the high opinion ex- 
pressed by his lordship, of the college in'' 
tbis country, was, perhaps, a sort of dzs^ 
pars^iement of the institution which was 
Under his owo immediate observation in 
India. But, undoubtedly, the high encp- 



Itor four ■■ en d one for five months. Now mjum he had passed upon the Hertford 



hsringgiveii the principleof the calculation, 
it^was very easy to estimate the advantage 
of thetystem of education adopted at this- 
higfalf <pniis6dei^ege. Taking the whole 
ei^titefl young men, this calculation gave; 
tb eiKli of lii^, liuree'years, four months 
dM a hdf— >hdng three months education 
more tban those who had never been at 
Hie daHege at idl. He (Mr. H.) only 
wMed to atate fhcts, and having done so, 
the oonrt would judge for tiiemsdves. 

Tlie Chairman oteerved, that as some- 
thing had been said by an hon. proprietor, 
as to the conduct and efficiency of the 
yooBg men sent from HertfCMti college to 
India, he thought it -right to read a short 
•extract from a report of the late Lord 
Mhito, who was a visitor of the Calcutta 
college, dated September 15th, 1810, 
upon this very subject. Tlie extract was. 
in these wordis.— 

** Under these disadvantages, inherent 
in the nature of the case, and yet greater 
at this early period than they may here- 
iher be, it must be satisfactory to those 
who founded, or who now mvor that 
establishment, that I am enabled, in the 
absence of more ample grounds for a 
^dgement on the subject, to say, from 
my own observation, that we have already 
dmved SQme of our most distinguished 
4roament8 fh>m Hertrbrd college. I do 
not speak of the merit to which I now 
ifflude, in comparison only with that of 
<n|emporaries of the present year, but I 
Would place it confidently in parallel 
with the best and brightest period of our 
eollege. 

** It is with peculiar pleasure that I do 
^ t^irther justice tb Hertfordcollege, by re- 
9tarking, that the official reports and re- 



collegt, was a proof of that liberal jus*^ 
tice by which his heart and mind were* 
always distiaignished. 

Mr. Inglhf in explanation of what he 
had before said, observed, that Ids sd]u- 
sions were directed to the last examina-; 
tion of the college. . He did not mean to . 
carry the comparison any fhrther. 

Mr. Diaon was q[uite persuaded that 
the motion would meet the approbation of 
a majority of the court, if his boo. friend 
did Upt insist upon embracing the period 
cximmeneiBg with the year 1805. For his 
own part he thought the purpose wpuld be 
suffidentl^ answered by 'limiting it to the 
Ist January 1814 ; smd certainly the pub- 
lication of the paperii fKfm that pcariod 
could do no pessible hasm, and might do 
much good. 

Mr. JSipAmitone^ had no objootion to 
the motiou in the amended form, althoi^li 
be thought it could .answer no useful pur- 
pose. But he decidedly objected to the 
practice which had obtained in the court] 
of making general and sweeping changes 
of misconduct and corruption, without the 
slightest tangible evidence to sustain them, 

Mr, Jiume then moved to alter the 
date of the motion to the 1st January 
1814. 

The Chairman repeated that no altera-* 
tion of date in the motion would remove 
his objection to its principle, because he 
was convinced of the mischief which was 
likely to arise from the agitation of the 
subject. • ^ , 

Mr. ffume^*' I only ask to alter tlift] 
date of the motion." 

The Chairman^" You have altered U» 
but I object to it with any alteration." 

Mr. Jacktan submitted tliat in all events 



^ums of our own college, will shew the it was competent for the hon. movei; to. 
4tuden(8 who have been, translated from' alter his motion before it was p^t ixom 
Hertford to Fort William, to stand ho» the chair. 



i^ourabl^.dlstinguisbed for re$iilar attend- 
llooe, for obedience tb the statutes and 
&el|aine of the college^ for oUrderly and 
4p£i^^ demeanoury for mtiideratiott Sa 

Amtic Jcmm.'^o. 14. ' " 



Mr. Impey thought the alteration was 
too late after the debate yi9» over^ fioii 
the sense of the court being again3t it. . 

Mr. Lown4i9 did not eooslder tibe dar 

VodH. 2 C 



ld(x 



Inefia Gpmfi 






as bting over. It yrid competent ior . 
l|if Jibn. friend to alter Yiis motion so as to 
nfueet itbe ol^ection wbich bad been sng- 
jested to it. For his own part he would 
take the libeiiy of advjisi^ig tbe court of 
oiiector^, fortljeirownsakes, to acquiesce 
i!^ the i^otTon, a& altered to the date of 
^e 1st January 1814 ^ fpr although it 
\i'as more ^asytp.cut tba/i mfie. thei^mr- 
dian knot, yet that would not satiafy the 
mibliCf'wbo would natiiralJy think that 
, tpe airectors wished to Uwi rather tbaf^ 
mtf!t tSie question. The puhlie wished to 
see the gordfan knot untied^ ^d not cu% 
Ip. two ^ the.scissara. It seemed ta him 
QHy. h.) that there was ^^ aaxioua desirjO 
OD, the part of tlie directors to smother 
tnie question altogether. Instead of going 
through the unsaVory labour of uprayeUiiig 
ttie knot, they preff^rred the shortcut Qf 
the scissars. Tlii^t, however^ w;^ neither 
.a^^roof' of their sound policy, nor of their, 
ggqdjspyenfruepU The p ublic miod mvst 
be satisi&ed upon this important suljeqt ; 
stfid (t would not dp y^lth them to decide 
^e, question by the book of numbers, 
Tliere was not a sound reasonto be urged 
against the motion if. it was restricted to 
papers and documents since the Uti^ifw^ 
«ry 1814* The fact could xtot ^ow bQ 
^sputcd. that there had been wme aecu* 



aat^ «f .misconduct' ^gaiott Die -c^uri 
of directors uj)on this aul^ef;^^ — h^.4|^ 
pealed to their candour whether that ^i{^a 
not so; he appealed to the. hon« C^iwan- 
himself, whether there wae nots^poi^iipiy 
putatiou of misconduct against thc^ <9Urt 
of directors, to be apprehended i^rom ^ 
discussion qf this measure, Thf 4>pjM^r/ 
tion from behind .the bar 9p(>k^al||ig^j%|^. 
too intelligihle to ^ mis^uadexstQp/l.. .^IVJ^ 
motive could the direclOfs||^v|[;. for 6/M- 
ingr t^ question^ but. the dr^pifffffte,*. 
tbmg coming oqt vyl^ieb.was 4)QiiP4)iM§bl4 
to their own feelings ? 

Tlte Chairman thep PHt'tb^ iy;i^§(^p 
as. amended, with the inse^tion^.th049t9 
of 1st January 1814 ; au^ tha s^^ ^ 
hands^pearing to be ^gainst the motiivoi, 
the hon. Cliairman, by mi^tak(^iWf;laratl. 
, it to be carried in the affiriUfitivev 

This mistake produc(;d ;iogi(^^^i|iD|^, 
amongst the minority 9W\^, pf^^bpiQk il^ 
a desultory discussion, iiN4sted,.tJiyi^j im 
the motion had beea .declar:ed tob^/^airiefl 
in their favour, it w^s not ^lyf^pipet^ iH- 
the Chairman to put ^be qu^e&tipv.figiiijiu. 
However, the sense 4^f .thp coHAirt.bf^aiti 
otherwise^ the questjon W|isAgi^|}tfvl lu^ 
carried iVTH£.]ii^^TivB^«0/||fM</ tuMi^i^- 
«fo7i..-^AdJMnrnod, 



.•11 



^^^^^^^^ff^^M * 



INDIA HOME INTELLIGENCE. 



^ ' troni thk London Gazette^ 
• lt'"^i/#;ia//,J'tf«.14M.— HisRoyalHigh- 
a^s the Prince Regent, hi the name aod 
it th^ bdialf of his Majesty, taking into 
consideration tlie highlydistinguished ser- 
vices rendered by Sir David Ochterlonf, 
Bart, a Major-Getoeral in the army, in 
the East-Indies, and Ktii^t Grand Cross 
Of'the most Honourable Military Order of 
Che Bath, 'oh divers important occasions, 
dortag a period «f 39 years, particularly 
fa tb^ coarse of those arduous operations 
4f the Mahratta war; which conduced to 
Ihc decisive victory gained by the British 
^roet under the command of the late Ge- 
deraVVii^unl Lake,' in the memorable 
qnHlict before D^hi, tui the 11th of Se^- 
Itiliiibbr, 1B03, to the constituent aufrcn- 
4^ of that capital, aad to the restoration 
OT Ilia M^esty'Shah Alum to the throne 
Df Ms ahc^tdars; as also the proofs of 
wisdom and military talent aflforded by. 
tills officer during the subsequ^ot defence. 
^ x^t Biid city Yigiittst' the whole fbrce of 
Jesw^t Kap Honker, his prudent arrax)^- 
o^entilljiddisppiStlon of tb^ comp^tiva^^ 
ryFertrt),6ps Ujo/l^rHls orders, ms Judl- 
clotm e6tiita^'«t^^^^ jiWsfiilnthd 
(U^ib^ '<»f (!b«'>l^and impt^ctiu^tiyie- 



tlons of British Kesident at the cotirt a# 
Delhi, -combined with his great energy 9^id' 
animated personal exertions, to whfcb wa» 
chiefly attributed the safety of that capital' 
and of the person of Shah Alnhi, at a' 
fime when the loss of either mfgfat have 
proved highly prejudicial to the public 
interests in Hindostan ; and Amber, the' 
nnremitting zeal, foreslK^t, aud decision, 
manifested by the said Majbc General^ 
under circumstances of ^eat difQcol^ty, 
during the late contest with t^e state of 
Nepaul, especially in that series, of com- 
bined movements, during the ntghts pi 
the 14tb and 15th ^ Aprfl, 1815, 
s^'nst the fortUied positions of toe ^ 
Goorka^ army, on th^.heii^a of Ma* 
lown, which led to ,the establishmeBt ai 
the British troops on that rapge o£ 1110191- 
tains, theretofore deemed to be impr^^- 
ble^ to the cvacnatioti by the en^my ofm 
fortresses of Ma(fowa and Jytuck, to tbe 
defeat and surrender, of, ymir Slii|Si 
Thappa, tlie chief ^bipm^nder. o^ thc^ 
hostile fprce^ and to the stieo^ul anti 
florioa^ termim^tiop <>f that caa9a[|g&.; 
4nd, lastly, the W ^ ^^ ' ^ 
dad fj '-*•-- 



isle's ^^^ A^^ Ma%$rtce: 

Ibitef , upiMi thV renewal df the contest 
ivMi ^t Afomaii stnte, the happy and 
tfitrtn|Aiaftt testis of which h&\'e been 
MUsifliilated 8y a tresity of peace between 
tlM'^Mt India Goiapany and the Hajah of 
N^pal, highly beneficial to the interests 
4»f the British Empire in India ;>-his 
Ki^al Rtg^hness, desirous, in addition to 
Mbermarlcs of hi^ royal approbation, of 
Mittmeuorattog tfaefftithfbTand important 
mtiki^ of the said Major-General, by 
gr^nthKg iitM) him certain hotioarable ar- 
morial augmentations, has l)een pleased 
to giv« and gfant'his Majesty's royal U* 
cense and nermission, that he the sai4 



The follDwinf* cause, in some degree 
interesting to the East-India trade; waa^ 
tried, 24th pecewber, in tjic Court (ft 
Chancery. . '! 



Bridge V, ff^ayne^^^Tho plaintiff was 
captain of the East-India ship the Prinoi^rt 
Amelia, wi'tli whom the defendant* acloiht 
seller i'u the Minories, entered 'into aa. 
engagement, in 1^15, for: t)ie sup|dy of 
fourteen bales of .scarlet cuttings^ atSa.2d; 
per lb. The defendant undertocrfc that the 
scarlet cuttings should be good and ^lac^ 
Chan table, whereas they tiuftifid outitiK be 
bad and unmerchantable. « 

The AitarMy-General, in stating the 



«t?m^W^t^^^^ plaintiff's case, observed that it wS* not 

n^^^2^^l^I^^^^ g«^»^»y ^^"^ ^»* « considerable tri»b 

2fi?5L^^ *T.??!L^fSr.!rf 1?. I was -annually carried on with China in 

^^^^L^^^'Z^^'S^'.^r^^f^^^^f^ ^hat were ciHed scarlet cuttings, or the 

S^^^-.^?.^lV^,'^^?L*^!t?'^^^^ cttttings of scarlet doth. Thrplain^ff 

TL^^l^i^^^ ^-iL'^'Sr' ''^^v';^^^ ^^^i ^ officer of the Prin^ss Lat^^ 

^^^^^^S^^'^^^lSt^^''''^:^^% which was about to prt)ceed t* Cairttm; 

ffi^^f^^SffT'r'^^''''"^^^'? wasde^roua^tbat ^of WsSnvcatment 
IwireK*' With this tbotto to the arras, vtz, 

-*•* Pnid^nt$]i et Airimo ;'* and tlic crest 

<lf llonOArable' augmentations following, 

ifk: ** Out oif an eastern drown, inscribed 

Ne^JHtuty ato at^ issuanr, the hand grasping 

•liatdn Of commanti entwined in an oKre 

bmbeffi ;" pfovided the said armorial en- 

«lgiifl be drwdttly exemplified according to 

tlui iawtr of arms, otherwise the said 

f»ya! lioelicelO be void and of none eftect. 

■ ■ ^ 

W^- arei contemed to announce th^t 
RichJfrd Twihtftg, Ksq.'iias, after a zeal- 
ottte i^nd able discharge, for several years^, 
of the duties of* thUt Important station, 
beto'iiecessitated; throneh ill health, to 
iie»Tgft the East-India Direction ; he was 
ihdsen at the general election in iBlO. 
• A large number of the Hon. Bast-India 
Otrtnpany*s troops, together with numer- 
ous' detachnrfente of King's troops, be- 
longing to the several regiments of foot, 
serving In India, were embaiked at 
^rtvesend, a YeW days' back, under the 
superibtendanCe ofCoI.Midgely, embark'- 
idgx>flSeef at Tilbfiry. 

A strong t^inforcemedt of the 47th 
and 65th reigmehts are ordered for India, 
"ioiA for* tli^t purpose have marched to 
(Si^veAeml for embarkation. 
On Wednesday the 29th January k bal- 



should be composed of te^et cm^nfiB^ 
whiqh being Doldin tbe ntftfketoof Qusgh 
prod^ced^ money wHliwhich he made h|i 
purchases for another investment on luf 
return voyage. The success of this ad- 
venture had, however, been interfeied 
wicH moM ila|loi«Bntly by the defthdftni, 
who had agreied Do Bhpply him with a 
Comiki<9dlity ftt £or the purpose; and in* 
stead of fulfilling his engagement, faadfuv* 
ni»hed an article of abont half tlieTahMt 
In eoiitruots of tbi» kind» creiy t&in; 4H^ 
puodedob the ^oed Mth of t9i« seiler| 
for be wasito^Koouni tfaemrtobV'pMMi 
intoibaksiky strong* pressure^ lliat llwt 
might occupy as little room as pc w i b l ij 
aiid if they vera aft^wwd* open^ ^ 
t&e ptiDdioaec ior -tlm pfirpoie of aaoeii^ 
taanSng the qwifity, that ol^eet would M 
defeated. The fonrteen bales hmrlng. beat 
shipped* tbe (flaintiff proeeeded to GhtiUM 
where tiiey wdre landed;' hot upottexi. 
pqaing them for aaie among other godda«f 
thnsaaie kind ooanSyedh^ otbev»hi|«s^'b« 
fonnd lio his aatoaMuniaft^ t^i^ iiisteM^sif 
scarlet qitlidgs>oettMatiig of pitees of clotll 
anp^cable to tJK pnrpoate of tike natftvit; 
Ibe defendaasi Indf^ed uptehiaiaMeMl 
shnedfl ttui-pailciBea, sttiagaavd^Hpplaigsj 
&t(|ov no use whaD^vcr» iiiteniilKei ^rttH 
toige.qnantitite .of list; oiad evan aiaiiy 



itofww'lield at the East-India house, for pieces of stige tooaskenp tfea^quamiiyi 
the'etet*tion of a Director th the room oJT Jheiconae^ueniae wasv that iise ^ fiim^ i^ 
Kk Twfnltig^ Es^. retiring on ac(^ount of Chinese weight of 133 oneiAbinl lb* Bh^x 
Hi health. On dt)eninK the Klasses tbe lish),.tbfe. )^ldntiff.Miiy/aM»iaed^'*eigli^ 

ify\\^ while bift ooiapccitara^ saeelMMl 
cxacUii double that price. > The lossithtt 



On Opening the glasses the 
tfomberft apt^eared X6 be, for 

Mr. Lumsden..* •. .. 8^0 . 

' Mr. Raikel 586 

• tJtitaihrunbifeir..., 15& ; 

3yr.' LhAfsd^ V^ accoxdingly'de- 
TtaWVaVcTJ^W" ' '^^^ 



plljutiff hadi|affiB*ed amounted Vt^-^blM^ 
bttt the jury .would also takiiialo MeWttK 
tlM9 «pedaidamafpa:hebad«Mstaiit6ditfiM 
tbe djsappointawintof Ua'boaiiatBdtafarev 
IftiCfl^niiMpwaca of >»ot p«Qciiitag<av «tti(f 
opiate 3ifta£ait.thBraoatlcoc|Mlaii.' Tba 

in Doctors*' Commons Vlicr property was amount he had paid to the d efen da at waa 

sworn to be ynder ;f 40;000. * j^04 3#. 2d, 

2C2 




Cjoji^ W eOeucf , bes. been proved 



192 



India Home 



Several parserihf^ rpfaf^-I^iil ah»s* 
who had been pff^nt ik*^ the op^inipo^ 
«ome of the bales, deposed to the bad 
.qtuSUty of the ^Hi^c^et cutting^, aftd lo 
the tow. |»rice they ohlai^ed at Can- 
' ton. Soiae twofih^^j&i m^'^ qmitty, 
Init sot of the idieoti<»l g0ods,^^iv«jre pre* 
amted tOrthAjuryA .Tbe^wHoeeses proved, 

, tkat the words scarlet cutting*, meant 
'^snttings of cloth, without list, of reason- 
able dii&eiiBioQS, and not cuttings ofperge, 
many d which wei^ mixed in the \fsliis$ 
made up by th& defendant. 
- A Mr. Spiller, a press packer, confess- 
ed that he did not examine the interior^ 
end the spedinens being handed to him, 
fae picked out many pieces tha( he thought 
did not come properly under the denomi- 
nation of scarlet cuttings. 

Jx>rd £Um(foroufh recommended, that 
in order to asc^tain the precise amount 
of damage t^e parties shoulii be examined 

, upon oath : and he also expressed ah 
opinion, that by reference more satisfsuS 
tory.Jmttce might be obtained : but, af^fr 
iome discQssion, thie parties could not 
Hgree, and aTerdict was fonttd for the 



' M&bitetyofth^East^iMiaDodkf.'^Two 
men, Cnrtifl and Oiddons, who were ap- 
jprdiended on various charges of felony; 
hdkig ireciprocally afraid of each other, 
and anziDns to be admitted king's evi- 
deooe, hare wkhin these few weeks con- 
fessed a list of ttepredatioas, inclnding 
•x«QBaivo<robb»ie8 in the Eaac and West 
iiutta. Bocks ^ the gang, wfaidi, with the 
rattivers, consfsted of several) and - had 
hmg been^ ettaMisbed, are all in^costody. 
Hie foikywiog" parU of the evidence of 
€win, will'4hew the system with wbich 
the plans of these witrtches w^re con^ 
docted :^<< Giddoos and Hatton, and I 
<(aaid he) were coacemed in steatiag a 
I0iaiitity of sUk handkerchiefs, oa boaid 
a ship in the East-India docks, in the 
moMlh of; Mf last. We agreed to meet 
a( the e|id of Cat-chioat^lane, ^Kribkh 
. l^wla.to tlie dodn ; wia were punctiaUy 
i|t U» plaoa«appoiniiedai twelve o'clock at 
lili^t^ .we .woat iata a polatoe-fiekl ad- 
Jowiiag fildeivkedga-lABe*' Giddons and 
liaiAanaftid they had a ladder, we foand 
It, .and imnediately. yiooeeded. across the 
maiihcB* -tewarda the; £aat-ladia dock 
wall. We pnt the ladder ap, and got 
upon the wall; we then palled the ladder 
9^9 4«d VBttt down into the dMA» in 
WtMi a a|iip lay, to which we cUreated 
gwt^ aMps as silently a9> possible. We 
wm%4»k hoard, raised up the two hatch- 
Ian. «f. the BMdn hatchway, wUh pieaea 
9f .waad.caUadghits, bywhidi ipoaaa wa 
vwe apabtad to take off the hatohea^aiMl 
byihatJB«tti^.to|pamtotbebald. We 



Iniel^gence* lTtB» 

.wfre thenraareof f^ur prey^ we atrocfc a 
light with a tinder-box, w4iich Oiddona 
always carried about hJM for radi oeea<» 
sions ; looked alk^at 4ha iudd, and iband 
a chest of Bapdaoa ;9ilk;r handteilueft* 
We pu^ them in three 4>ags, and gof them 
}\p the hatchway; wa then^ put the 
hatches oa as cleanly as we ha4 taken 
them off, and came away* . Uaviag left 
^.^he ladder oa the wall, we.wereaacore of 
.^ting away without trouble.t ^M sood 
fiswe got to t1)e safe side, we, took the 
r)a4<)fn, together with our iMMvly ^^ired 
property, aod used it in cfossing the 
marshes^ which vfere difficult to be passed. 
f/poii.gQiqg hqn^ we lotljod the J^andker* 
i^iefy in^Jth^. parcels, each 0/ which 
..-foupait^ sixty or. seventy nieces. I aaust 
not torj^i to, mention,, that the iieriOD 
who gskve us the ipformatio^. wa&M-— » a 
labourer in the dock^.-- ^e c9^^>o ui ia 
V 3iepteuiber, and hi4 .v4»nfl£i^ lip, for 
■■ tl^e watch had been ^qi| 9/r ^t)u^ inside, 
and a ship of tea% wyi atH>jwpri^<* Ut 
however sai4> if ffe d^id potr^gctth/it pigbl 
there wpuld be m^ ,<0Hy|ce, as. tl)f^ ship 
would be cleared out a^gxt ^"Jk'y^ P*^ 
pared for the business, but opcln going to 
.pur,|)ptatoe-fi^,, we ffmiiaiM ** *»•* 
hee% 4w -mv 4»d, (hat.^i« ladder IumI 
bean ^olen ; we aoom igvipplii^ i|a placa 
with another ; went to the doek wall, aod 
got into the yard .as. before, andgotoii 
board the tea ship,, w}u$h had been marlL- 
ed by our informant.;, got, down •the 
hatches, struck a. light, and foiind ^^e 
chests of tea we so much desired « we 
emptied three boxes ipto qui three bag9» 
and returned, leaving every, thing in the 
neatest order behind us; my- sluue 
amounting to about seventy-six or seven- 
ty-seven pounds of tea. But uur profits, 
(continued Curtis) amounted, generally, 
to more than can be ^ily conceived^ I 
was concerned in getting hold of some 
colft silver, and muslins^ about three or 
rour years agOj in the Eastxludia^^pcks, 
and every body but ourselves was. in the 
dark about it. We met at the Qierry- 
tree at Bromley,, on^ day, .aud agreed, to 
go over the doSk wall, to see wbajtcoulA 
be got. We opened up a ship, in which 
we found, to our great delight, gold bars^ 
silver, and muslins. We lashed a chest of 
the muslins, and took them, tqg^hcE 
with the pieces of gold and silve^r, to a 
house, where we divided the spoU equally* 
. I took my gold to a man raiding near, the 
Bricklayers' Arms, who gfnre m^ upwarda 
pi £m for it." 

Ci|rt|Q„heiag admitted evidepo^, >Gid- 
dons has confess^ that he was c o aqH rafl d 
with the prisoner, Hatton, and other^# 
io.tha.mrdar of hkv^ JohnM. .of. the 
HQyal Jia?y, on ^ road , to JWuxm^a 
lOttot eight yean ago. Th^«W bo triad 

4tt the.^BSUing OM Baiteor '"•"^M* 



L J « 



l|J7-3 






i>: 



- • . * -CAIiGUTTA. 

-*^ Mmtiftf CMHing JJiMfif.— F<ft*/' ^A 

lltfw. ^/«frcA 29, 1816.-7116 TO^t 

Honioaral))^' th6 ' Governor' Oeneiial - in 

ConatSi is pleased to constitute a€16tlif&g 

' lloarcF, firom the Ist ' of May next, lirhlch 

^Is to Be (^tiipO^M of tM General Officer 

"cbmmandibg^attlieFrbsidenecy, tbeOom- 

mandant of Artill^, and the Milit^ 

Auditor Oeneriil. TKe Senior Officer to 

preside. ' 



u 



• Compensation fofi^ H'lnmb.'^ApHth, 
IBie.-^The IKf^tHonontable the Oo- 
tleh)Or General iik Cofuidl is pleased to eft- 
tend to ali officers, not residing at or in 
the immediate vidnity of the Preildencf, 
'applying for compensation for the Toss of 
an 4n^, or forpennsment fftjmy equivafent 
to toe loss tX an eye or a limb, sustained 
from tronnds received in action, the indole 
gence gnmted in General Oiders of thelst 
ultimo, to offlbera who haVe actnallf sof- 
feffed amptttatfon. 

A new ai8eii8nient''of aU the houses in 
<3lilcntta hs^ been completed'; tlie annual 
«mount 18^ computed at 2,37^360 SiCca 
rupees. 

Jaae^W.-i^A general order by his Ex- 
«e!laic^ the Governor General' fn Oounfeil, 
aai^mies that a trcMiy of perpetual and 
general defensive alliance, and subsidy has 
been concluded between the HonouraMe 
Oompany and Maharaja Persojee Bhosla, 
<of Naghore. 

An attempt was made on the \etb Jane 
to burn the hidlatt oa9r. The suspected 
ofTendersareSh custody. 

. eenerdl Orders, AprU 2B.^Thaer 
^gfn^.—The timber agencv under the 
laauagttaieot of Mr. Rutherfifrd, is direct- 
ed by his LordiMp ih Council to be im- 
mediately abolished, and the timben re- 
quired for military purposes are ^ tw in 
fiiture supidied by the Cdmmissad^t De- 
partraem. 

Omhal Orders,. May 3. — ^His Lond- 
abipiBiOnuicil -considers it piK>per to no* 
tify in General Oirders,' the resolution pas- 
aed by government -onnhe 12th of January 
last^ permitting invalid officers appointed 
to jUie superintendence of TAunaihs, to 
retain the half batta of their nude, in ad- 
4i«ionto4lieir other aUowaaees. 

'[ The^ip4tfka (J^rftlmS^ Fwi dk- 
^S0h4d.^Mn9 B^ISM-^The special OfK- 
rldtaiiing ooamittt«a>4ppiBMt6d by ^dttt- 

Pjeaident in Coundlj wider 4ate. the 12tii 



of Angosty 1815, having' peHbrmed' the 
duties pyescrtbed by the HonounOde the 
OMtfl'of mrectors, and by 'Gbverhmettt, is 
dissolved : the a|ifOintment of seeri^eiiry 
to' the oommltlee will of course cease flhom 
this data. '' "* 

His fisceltency Monsieur Da^bt, Go- 
vernor of the Freniih settlements on the 
side pf India, has arrived ih CalCCttjC 

' 6th Jiily.— This day, t*he dhe-twelfth 
part of the donation (^»106 rtipees)^ left 
by the late Mr. Matrons, a respectable 
Armenian Gentleman, was applied to the 
rdease of poor pri^on^ confined in the 
gaol oif* the Court of Requests. One hun- 
dred ^d eight personsobtained their Mber»- 
tion. 

7th July.— Two notifications appeaned 
in the Government Gazette this day, 
the one preventing the exportation by sea 
of Saltpetre from any of the ports subj^t 
to the Presidency of Fort William, on ves- 
sels not being the property of British suIh 
Jects ; and f<M: prohibiting the importation 
of that article from the interior into any 
of the foi-eign settlements } and the oUaer 
for the establisluuent of, a Custom House 
at Cox's Bazar, for the collection of gp- 
vemment customs. . . 

17tb July<— A fire bipke out this day 
at the Nothur lilragan, near Hathkhola. 
.Six Of eig^t hottsee and twogranariea om- 
taintng about 10,000 niaunds of. rice were 
oonsumedb . On the followiiig- day about 
HK) huts were burnt at Tawaiiee?s fibngan, 
near die Boilakhana. i 

At a meeting of the Hortlcultm«l So- 
metyheld at Caloutta 19th July, itwto 
resolved, 

** That thie following gentlemen be no* 
mlaated a committee, for the purpose of 
selecting and parcbaslngi or rehtftig a 
^ptoper piece of gimind in the nelghbour- 
hoodofCalentta, and generatty for firm- 
ing Ae prelimiaary anungenients' con- 
nected with the objectaof this ittBtftutioh, 
vie. Gommodore ftayes, J. W. 'Falton, J. 
Palmer, H. Alexander, BiBi^ghtman, and 
N, Wallicii, Bsq.' 



, jt 



At a general meting of the sevenB re- 
presentatives of the Insurance OfficesofCfl-* 
ctttta. on the 24th July, it was resofveA to 
rHttfturUb and Indemnify the owner oT^e 
VMielfortbe actual expendes' ofthe^shlp 
fhnn the date of the meeting to thtat Of 
her quitting the pnot,'and to make com- 
peusatlbn to the Freighters" by M allow- 
an^K ftt the rats of 12 per eent. per annum^ 



19^ 



Asiatic IraelUg^ce/^-CdlcuHa* 



CFct. 



upon the value of tl^i^i^Mfor^bef eipe4 e0l6era^ffl|in»tfd to officHrte fls Depntr 



4>f her dpteotion, 4* ^w iriso jffewlved t6 
ifidemniiy the owners for the expenses of 

Xf\irv^ Jmiey,0p^le . an4 indHon iia<* 
'»6ried ju C^ki^ta, were ■» 

Dollars 5,&0;B33.oi',8a. Rs.^ a 1^7,981 * 



• •••.• 



Persian Hupees, 
Arcot do. 
I^itfodas, ^,000 or 
Silver^ •«., value 

Gold, ,... 

Bo. Venitian 1,000 or do. 
l>eaaure, •• value do- 



do, 
do. 
do. 

do. 



80,953 

3,50<^ 

6^,227 

4312 

94,5^ 



3 
g 
3 



Oeid Gnl^bers, 



▼ahiedo. 14,47,10fri5 
Pft» . aol2 



Theimaum ef Muscat has detained alt 
Ibe BfA|it«D l)oats that, had arrived thertt 
this season, and was dtting out an ex^r 
dition to go against Bahrun. 
. The force consisted of five ships, one 
of forty, another of thirty gun's, the other 
bf twelve guns ; 1 boat of 14, besidesseveral 
l^oats mounting 6 and 8 guns. Hie Imauti) 
ifith tlntie sbipsleft Muscat on the eveinpjf 
of the 22d May,.forBui-ka, where tbf^y are 
to rendezvous. It is said he will take 
43,000 men with him. 

A new six per coot, general loan wai 
4ip«Bed at Calcutta onthe^h August last, 
to receive subscriptions at tbe^tlieee Pre- 
au!encies until 30th June, 1U17» 

A B HdvotiseoMftA liaiMieen issned to the 
'Kveral Presidencies by the Governor Ge^ 
Wfral, jnlbnDHi^ the public that th« s^)« 
,t«»surers.iat Fort WiUlam, Fort St. 
George, and Bombay, the residents 'at na*> 
tive courts, and several collectors of land 
j«reniiO» bave bnen aukborkjed to receive 
any a^ms of money in even hmidreds, vdt 
being less than sicca rupees 100.0^ wbich 
may ^jfeendeved os loan 10 the lionOttrable 
Ipoapanyat an. int^resA^ BiK;perc«ht« 
j^er .annum» Aooepted bills of exckaitfe 
dra^jln^ vffoo: the goverpmenta of Fort 
MTiUSamt t^H $t. George, andBoalib«f^ 
^eo^ands^UkyaMe.by thaanny paymasterr^ 
bills for arrears of salaify, and generally all 
^tbcuriisod . fMi^c damaads, will hit .rc<» 
ceived in papnent. The accounts of tUt 
loan will be closed ontb«L30th June 1817. 
The undermentioned are the rates of ex- 
chfin^ antihorizefl on thie^ occasion t-^Sic- 
ea ri^peeof FurricJiabad, l^ucknoWf imd 
genares equal to Calcutta S. R.— Fort St* 
C(Bar|;e, 100 star pagodas per UaCilalciitta 
W«^-H9owbay, 108 Bomti^ n^^fi 
1^^ IflO (; S. ft. 

Tbe Bight Hon. the Govaiapr Gmmi 
S]^ Council baf JiMea pieced «o rm^H>Am 



(fudge Advocates to Regimental Gener^ 
Courts Martial, shall be piermitted to draw 
a staff allowance. At ^e rata of sonant rtt- 
peca 4 per diem, for the ^nmnber of days 
tbe court faay actually art. 

Fort-triUiam, Jtme 10, 1816.— fcaptj. 
Fogo of the dth regin^ent Native !nfantry> 
having solicited to be transferred^ the * 
^enskmr Estabhshi^ent instead of appi^- 
ing^fore the court martiad ordered to as* 
scmble for hi» trjal, and the Bight Hon* 
fk^Gofvefmx Geneiri^ in Council, in eon<- 
sideration of the period he has beep in tb« 
Hon. Company's service, and tbe wounds - 
lM^hat> received tsu- seyviee, having beeit 
pleased, as an actof:ifidalgenGe» to comply 
.with his request^ Captain Fogo is trans* 
ferr^d to tbe Pension EstabHslimcnt front ' 
the dthof<«lune, 1316.' . • 

' The following officer^ h#ve "NlIP add«d 
to the Kni$(hts Companipntt of the Btttli t 
LieuteBanvC0]9pel' Jf^pEiesCoiebrook^ 
^-^Lieutenant-Colonel Wilji^aia A«Tbonip» 
son, 3d Native Infantry^ .Bangai^-rMiQlMr 
John Robert Ludlow, 6th Native lnfaatry» 
Bengal.-r-MajOr Robert Paton, S'th Native- 
Infantry, fieBgii.-^*-Major AWitiia«» Innis,. 
19th Native' Infantry, Bengal.— Mt^or 
Thomis Lowvey^ 7th Native Infimtry* 
Bengal. . ! 

MIUTARY FROWOTIOIIS*' t 

Regimentof Artlllery.<-«8enidr Lieute;- 
nant Fitaworker KninetbOnif ckshanfc, to 
be Ijieutenant. - . ; 

Senior Oadi^ Eewis .BolrvOughs, to b« 
Lieutenant FivevTofker. 

6th Regiment Native Cavalrf.*«.Cfqytaltt 
Lieutenant William Brydges Western to 
be'Ca|>t8l!a of a Troop, fmm fhe ISth 
April 1816, tlce F^^ deecnried. 

Senior Lieutenant and Brevet CftptiAli' 
Harry Thomson to bo Captain Lieutenant, ' 
isovk tbe »8m« date, Yk* Wcitem, ^0- 
atoted. 

•Comet Robert Wood I8iiikb in be Lietr* 
teOBttt fit>m the 7\h December 101 6> vib< 
Roxborgli, deceased. 

Comet John Bencet Jfearstf to be' 
Lksutetiftttt, from the 15tb April 1^16^ 
vice Thomson, promoted. 

I4th Regiment Native Infootrv. — Capt. 
Lieutenant Woodward BidWl to be 
Captain of aCoibpany, vice Cc^t, deceased « 

Lientcoant TbOmoa WbOioeomb to b^ 
Captain Liettttnant, \ioo BidwcU,. pro* 
tnoted. 

( Ensign Crlstopher Dixon Wilkinson t« 
be Urtt^teBiDt , yiee Wookicb'mb^ prbmotiid; 

3d Reginwnt Native Iufiuitry;-^^49Mtfoi^ 
Ensign Arthur WoHbain to be Lfelitenant^ 
viMi t SmaH ^ norfgBMy>ilNlli rauk^AviV ihe 
]»th AprH iei6» vMa Wy«her^*iMi^t«d?-'* 
- 89(|h^Bei;ilB«lrt Naihii la*Mi9^^^^-<Mi}«^ 
UeAtoMmt Miib TI^qmhi I0 ^ Gt^VM 
aCaiOiriapMir« 



WlKl 



9J* Mi«« FitlMih viib of Mr* Fiilea, of the ¥i. 

lot Service, of a stiltliDni ilaaif bten 
Mny 4^. The lady of Henry Alexander* Xflq. o^ 

19. M ChUtagflniB. ibe UdyrotJl, Hmmt, M$((^ 
«r t%e CSVil Sei:;^ce, of a son. , » 

tK At Dacca, <h« Mdy of <^. Ci<xii|>l»ell, Asq, of a 

'^aiwbitttr. 

ISt,; A* pinaporc, Jft? ladypf A,.. Napier,, £«g.AC. 

' tlie ^vdical Service, of a daughter. 

UU MX Cairnporif, thO lady of Maj'or Wut. ftfivre, 
of His Majesty^s Uth.foot, of a dan^ten 

1.. At her mother** houie, in Seraroporit, the lady 
of Captain T. G. A|der« of the 30th Xiative In* 
fantry, stationed at Bariick^ore, of a still-born 
ton.- 

f9' At Cawnpor^. the lady of Cantaia Jianics,' 
4id-ed«*ciiinp to M^or-Geoeial |flarab«ll, of.«- 

'fliugJlLLT. 

15- m IfarelUy the Lady of Captain Cunntngham, 

oomnianding tl>e ^ Kbhplla cavalry, of a s<^. 
47. At Cawnoore, the lady of Cantain Janes 

Kennedy, of the 5th Natlwe C»valhr, of a 

dau^piter. . 
April t. At Kurna^J,. Uie lady qf M^Mor WiUiam 

lane<, commaudui^ that station bra dau|^ter^ 
Softe 9. On board the Lord Hungerfic^'d, on her 

passage up to town, the iady ofCupt., WiUUiH 

son, o? ihfe 59th foot, if a daughter, . ^ 
C6. At Mottra, il>« lady of Lieut. Adam Duffini 
' of tht Tlh Native Cavalry, of a son, . 
5. At Metrut, t^te lady of Maior S«ck. of tha 

«7th fbot» of a still-born child; * 
Lately, at Macassar, ih'i lady of Captain Wood. 

Comttithdtng the Bengal European regiment, of 

l5. In CottucU Houce' Street, the lady of John 
. Donovan Vero*r, Em» Of i son.' 
17k At the hou<e of G^rge Mercer, Esh* the 
ladyH>f Richavil^BliLnt^ Esq. of adaughtcr. 
The lady orWimSft -■'-■•'» - 



rune 3.^ At the ektWwrt' 



16; 



a daughter. 
G)ri 



Nevnie Mahon, l^q. of 



M. 



8. At G )ruckpou^ the lady of Mtg^oE Oemym 

Commanding, of a son. 
^« The lady of IT. Shank, Esq. of a daoghtf^r. 
SuAe I9. At the Presidency, the lady ofl^apiet 

Warding, Esq. A9MstantSurfeon,.of^asDn> 
58. Tfce lady of J. B.^Inglis, Esq. of a daughter. 

14. At Mongheef; the lady -of J. C G. Sathov 
laifd, Esq. of the Civil Service, of ad^uchier. 

I. At Svlhet, \rn Tadyof Li«tt^ H. Davktson, 
of 5lb Native lofentry, of a sj«n. 
17. At Rungpore, the lady of C. li, BIagrar«. 
B^. .(Ml a son. ... 

15, At Dinapore, the ladjE. of M^Oir Harriol, of 
the Mth Native Infantry, of a son. 

t5. At Baremv, the Ja^^ffCapt. G. Warden, 
of the 27th Native Iitfantry, of a son. 

la ABH I AG BS. 

Mjw mil. AtSt.JobikNC«lbedral,bythe Aer. 
Mr. Shepherd. .Hepry TylW* E«l* Acc^uotant 
it9 the Bank oi Bengal to wise Jane BUsabet^ 
A^erpen. 

Slay utk. . At the Cathedral. Mr. Cliattos Ij^m- 
naB Chick. Qaamr MMter» Mlh. LtglU D^a^ , 
goons, .to Jiiss ttebccca Maria Ocuciag. . 

On the same d<^, at the CathedraU Mn K. Be ' 
Cruz* ,tQ Miss Sarah Becardo, dauglxtar 4f Mr«. 
Fraocfs' Kecardo. 

lUh. At St. John'a Calliedfal, by the Bev.;M]r> 
|>a|eo»s.,M>- Francis Pcm;o«Io, m ^is%At^, 
Maria Rivers* ' ^ ^^- 

8th. Mr. Anthony Blloy, to Mtst T. PNnil|^ ^ 

1st. At Caimpofe, hy the Rc#. ]iv« V«n^«wL'BO».' 
Mc. P. Cajrdr».i;oudM«torof.aidn«QQe,A(r-M(|« 
Maty Anne Bradford. • .-^ . ^' 

At the saiAe place, an4 on H^.-faoe ^f W« . 
Ooorge Glmson, to Miss Harroivea. - ' *..■«> 

May «S«. At St. ^ohn^s Cathedr^jL W tl)« W. 
Mr. J^iepherd, .CaptaiA J)MUI.Pft»Ml^t».4o 
Miss Efiza Ryan* 

a6th.'- A«0te«4erMgflirf» Feitr Baretiilnc, 'Bmij 
of the firm of Messrs. DevflrUkne'fteKi, to 
Miss Amelia Cmilon. daaglttarmC'llife lals Pater 
C90ion* Eiq«<«f'MttAra»»' 

Aprtl ,V6U(> By the Reir. Mr. Thomtf' HWk rt l oii } ■ 




ilwa^c</{wni«— No. li. 



^t^ Ai^JsandTjf^Milcd^ 
firm of Messrs. HogaeJ 
. son, to ftfisarBlaxIand. 

L At the Cathedral, by the Bii>r. "fivT 
M r. Wlinam LaasdoiVfi» . to > JIU* . 
Madec^ ,, , ,. »i • J L ' 

is, Caotaio John Norton. late comanander 6i Ui^ 
brig Hen tor, to Misa Uvedaie. 

4. Attlie^CathedraL.by tbe RiG9k. H»nry. 9U[p- 
herdh Mr. James Bftl, iadigo pli^t^r» tq MTiM 
Clara Ewan. , 

7* At the Catbedtal, by tlie Rev. •H, Slttphln^ 

. Mr. James I^Uy, tu Mjsa CJhaflotte Wilaocu- 

7, At St. John^s Cathedral, bv the %«. Jfr. ' J, 
Parson, Mr. Alexander Grifiths B|uour, to 
Miss Louisa llge. j • . '.- - 

May w. Mr. WiUia«t I^id.. to ACf %. Kasy |^ 
vell» widow of the late Mr. Robert LbveUK 

14). Mr.tThoiQas Chas»0(o, to m%9 A99H«I^JV* 

Jijne lb* By the Rev. Dr. Brvcc, «t thtkhouaof 
Mr. CaTmas; Clivi StrcHt. ITn ^At^irMiiier Butnih 
Architect, to Maiy Ann,.4Mfjht8r at tUtiktak 
Cn^tMbbSfmrMtOi^ ,. x , { ' 

At the Roman Catholic Church, Mr. A.'Lawr^ce, 
to M|sa Mary Battaas, daughter of the kild We, 
John Battass, o€ Midaapore. < .; r i y > 

11. At th^ Cathedral^ 1^ the Retr. Mr. Pbrsna, 

. the Rev. Jofhua Bowe, of SKgoah.. near Pattta, 
to Mrs. Whfte, late front Ainmtai.- » >■ i t 

10. By the Rev. Mr. Parson, Mr. James. Btaol^ 
. to Miss Elisabeth Stevens. 

ft 4. At the Cathedral Church of St. Joho by the 
Rev. Mr. Parsisa, Lieatenaat>l«met lifoAr!Ciui>« 

. of ii. M. 14th foot, to Miia Anna Maria Field. 

AVvtt I4th. At Cawn^fei, Csit»t. R. Fry, of tbci 
6th regiment Native Cavalry. ,. » 

At sea, iiithe prime of life^ on his b^a^sagk: tibxd. 
Hombay to this ^r^; Capt. AndrcV McQutiK«4 
iatc (commander of the ahjp Hannah, fr«e- tra- 
der, from London to Bombay, a gentleman o| 
much private worth and repotatioo, and in bii 
' proflfcssional capabity^ seaman and a narfptrtr i 
as be was respected while liviogi so Jit,hi#^|uw*. 
timely death lamented. * 

• leth. At h •• Factor ia the 4IWrfe« of Dae^iMh' 
Garrett Cornelius Poasman. Jndigaiinan!tat«) ■ 

9th. At Pacca, Mr. J^iSes Christie, l^aiflp.lMan* 
ter, aged 88 years. 

18th. At Kilpaah, agc«l44» v«ars,iMltt'BiytlL VMMb 
lof ]^r. Thomas. Blyth, Deputy Shvi4i W^^. 
vel'y long a'ud painful illness. 

3d. At camp, north bank of Tombopdra^, 'Cani, 
Thomas Tnotaipson Stevenson, of the nt Irat- 
<tali«n9d repmentll. I. .^ * . - 

iMth. At Joggerpatt, Lieut. O'RfiUgf^.oC the. If^ 
battalion I8th regiment. 1 . ^ 

P^. iftth. iW sea, A. P. Tytl**-, 1^. iTHhe *fc 
til Xatablishmeot of Bengal, a geptieiaAa wlmift 
talents and TirtueaxiS^der him a lass eqoa% to 
Society and' the public service, 

Jone 4.^ Miss Sairah Ann Mavtchaax, aaetf i% 
jreois ; tha tet:oa4 daoght^ of t^ lata JaMpii 
Manechauzy^Cfq,, of uie JSex^l M^tcai^ta^ 
'blisnment. • • « • ' 

ik Knniani, 'fcada^nly, €^' ^ rtphtM ofa 

bloal vf ssel* Ltdit.-Jahn Frederick BamiHint af 

the r9th Native Jjofantry, aged 27 years, 

«9. MPottyghuE, B. RelCqrt tv\. Civil Bot|;eon 

at tbat station, most deep^ and deserved^ ra- 

fretted. . ; . . 

li^ Mjsea, OB board the Lark, bet^en C^ringa 

Sad Madrli; Ale^nder Woodcock^ £s4. Master 
ttendanbafCdfinga. 

sr^ At Plain Wilb^ms, Lieutenant John Littl«, of 
the Honoarable Company's Military Strviei^ 
and'Aisiatant Atyutant GaneiM qn the Hedraa 
^stablbhnent. 

Jijmet. At tjie b^^.^of Mr, Harvey. Purram* 

■tollahb after an ittne^^ of only twenty roar hoara 

;dttrati<at» ^d at th« aai)gr afe of «, Mr. Sa. 

muM Pricei late Purser of the ladiaii Oa)c, 

'^Mett iuTlvedvfi)^ England a fi&w i&ontlis ago. 

lA On Iris waj 4awn to Chirmnah, 'vrttitber ^ 

ha4< vrao^B4#^ fo* ^U* nenvary arhll heiUb, 

Jtf rvMrntf^flfebini) Baoter,jan oftha 19«» IU#k* 

Qtrdwdnter; Bs4. ^tb^ Bensoo)eiv Civil Spr* 

^«e^afMl9iy«ra' 



\ 



^99 AwdfcMefj^gem^^Maira^. [Ku* 

♦•. ¥'^^?^ J?^iH2!S^!?i!Jll»ifr!Lfl^ elation of Ueateottit Oaniaalt is exceed- 

which tbehore w|th reilgnation to, the dlvi^* ^°S^y $*^^- 

t.^ At' Blr«?pX"Tc.puiu John Beiitt Wiy. of ^ the Right HoDourable the Govcmor hi 

' thrttoth Name fofemnr, and uiecomBMnOhii Council has great satisfactiOQ in confi^ 

wwh fK**.'S!?d foVc?*K!S?i;t mftef a nhntt lit "«8 <»" Lieutenant Garnault of the 25tli 

'^iiS.'o^%WntIS%u^"c:p{/£^^^ regiment, native infantry, the additiooal 

H. M. «»th redment, non iiiuxrf y regretted distinction for tne acquirement of the Per- 

• *V»"DSi'.2ii Ltoi'L'whhSW H M Mth sian Unuuage, established by tlie Geneiil 

'•re{in.?n?. '^^ ^ ^' ^ Order ot iTth Norember, 1812. 
Mtjras. At Lucknow, died almoit suddenly, at 



the rettdence <»r Joteph Quriret, E«). the hi- 

' fant daugliter of Lieut. R. WradMhal Vngton, 
Interpreter and garter Maficr» 9d battaii:in, 
«4th regiment N. 1. , 

tt. In tht Md yiear of Ms age, M . J^an luinm, 
a French MDtleman of reipectabUlty. area^^ 
and iinoercly regretted by hit nuBieMus friei 
•ad relatione. 

8* By a atrofca of the aoni Mr. Mille. 

9- mt» Mi^or Htf«B«. 



BIBTDS. 

At Arcot, «4th May, the lady of Mr. B» W. Pvo. 

man of a son, 
Mtb. Tht lady of M^ior C. H . Powell of a aon. 
At telem. 86th April, the lady of Claud Carrie, 

Eaq. Assiiiant Sargron, of a ion. 
At Cannanor^, 19th May, the lady of X*ieut-Col« 

Mouat, of a ion, 
-. . .. .^ ^ .., 4th June* Mri. J. Ferrimftnofadan^ter. 

10. Mrf.^Marla Pauos, aged «», after an illneif 31,^ ^.y. The iadv of Lieut. Th^mpton, Sitb 

reginkcnt K. 1. bra daughter, 
14th June. Lady of Lieni.*Colunri Conway» AtQt* 

General of the army, of a daughter. 
7th June. The lady of Lieut. C. W. Macintosh 

of a ion. 
lOtb June. The lady of W. F. Newlyn, Ekq. of 

a daughter. 
la. The lady oC Captain Pruen, of the Hon* 

Company*! Marine of a ton. 
sad May. This lady of T, Alliop* Biq. of a 

daughter. 
fiO* The lady of Captain Crrwc. brigadier Miior 

to the Mytore division of the army of a ion. 
80th June. The lady of Capuin Pertgrhie D«trl« 

uf aeon, 
latii July. The lady of Cdptaln Outlaw, 19. C. o, 

a ion.- * 

14. The li^ly of Major.Oen. Taylor of a daughtec* 
91* Tlie laiiy of Captain Mafiralth, commanding 

ist battalion Pioneer* of a daugliter, 
IS^, The lady or J. A. Caaami^or, Esq. of a 

daughter. 
93. The lady of Lfeat. P. Whanoel, AtiUtant 

Jtfllitary Auditor OvnenU of a ton. 
95. Lady of K. Macauloy, Bm^. Surgeon, of • 

daughter, 
at. The lady- of Lieut. J. W. C1«feland» iMk 

regiment, N.I, ofadaaghier* 
Mrs. J. 8. Atberton of a eon. 
6th Aug. The lady of W. Prichard, |Dmi, Oat- 

riaon autgeoii of a dangbter. 



of nine houri. 
At Mattra, Lieutenant John Cunnlagbam* acting 

Deputy Paymaster at that station. 
.May 4. Maria, daughter of George Reddle, Esq. 

Surgeon of the 7th Native Cayai^, aged 9 year*, 

S months and 4 days* 
At Zen4barr on the 9 1st March laat, Mr. John 

Wiseman, formerly chief officer in tlie country 

aervke* 
At Benoeolcn, on the stii April, Major Chyirles 

rorteuus, of the dOth Bengal Native Infantryi 

much regretted 



At Inullvt Mr. Charies Bcimet, Indigo planter. 
1. At Bcrbanpore, in consequence of the burst- 
ing of an absceis in her llvrr, th« lady ot Lieut. 
W. White, Adjutant provmcial battalion of 
Uoorshcdabad, agtd i» yeart and 10 montha. 

MAMAS. 

CtiUege Qt Mqdrat^ January 20, 18L6. 

Oenerdl 0r4eri.-^The Right Honour- 
able the Governor in Council is pleased to 
grant the usual reward for the acquirement 
of the Hindostance language, respectively 
so- Lieutenant Joseph Garnault, of the 
2Sth, and Lieutenant John Gtbbitrs of the 
>8th native 1 r^ment», who are reported 
Vy the committee to have executed the 
tasks arsigned to them ** with suoli a de- 
gree of accuracy, as reflects great credi't 
lOB their attainments." — The committee 
iiddi '< In neither ot their exenHes was 
any material error discoverable, although 
.<we have in ttik, as we have had ou al- 
most all fbrnier occasions, to notice some 
slight defect in the pronunciation. — But, 
we conceive tltat both these caodMatcs are 
emiaeatly entitled to the usual reward." 

. ** O, 0, 15 June^ 1816.— The acquire- 
ments of Lieutenant Garnault, in the 
Persian language, tiioifgb very respectable 
•re of an order entirely* different fVum 
that -of Lieutenant Uacke -Ihe transla- 

, tionsof the former gentlemen are as re- 
markable for closeness of perspicuity, as 
those of the latter for elrgauce and idiom. 
we coiisider however, ihcit it is no small 
praise to Lieutenant Qarnault, to have ac- 
quired BO excellent a practical style of Ian- 
f uage, in a period of less than five months, 

. during which, alone, it appears that his 
attention has been exclusively directed to 
the ac<|ui8ltidn of the Persiau : the prooun- 



MABRtAOBS. 

10th June. At Pulteat. by Rey. J. P, B«tUcr, 

Mr. P. Vellum,. to Mist SopMa Jansz. 
99. Mr. R. A. Ashtoii, to Miss Richardson. 
SSdJune. BenmObrlattan Von 4«y«r to Mlie 

Johanna Wllheimlna Vana PWi. 
let Julv. Mijor-Oeneral JaoKs Hare, t6 MIsa 

Hackett. 
Oih July. Mr. I. S PepeU, to Mfa. M. A. Oraeeo* 
19. Mr. H . A. UUthoir. Quf rur Matter Ueiier9l*B 

Depftrtmeut to Sir*. Susanna Hei^rt. 
97. Mr. Ueqjamm Jobn^oia, to MIta Manhh 

Durand* 

0BATBa» 

4th May, At the Residency, Hydrabad, J. XV. 

the infant ^n of O, Mickle, Esq, aged 9 muttfha* 
17th. At EelUuy, Lleht. Richa.d Seward, 19m 
• regiment, N.'l. ' ' 
10. On board the brig Lark, on patiagr, Aletr. 

Woodcock, E^i, Master Attendant at Corlnn. 
96. Ladyof Cotohel Dalyat Alfpua. 
IthJuoe. At Btttary, A. Rae, Biq. AlsltUmt 

Surgeon, 7th regiment. N. I. 
7. At Cannenore. the Infknt son of Captahl T* 

Pick. Hi M. 89th regimentt 
l9ih jQly> . Fanny, iho inltot fatt|^Sr of J. A« 

Cataiaaitor, Biq. ■ 
9S. Mr. Tlkomtt Gray, % 
90. At Bangalore, Mrtr Charlotte R. BSyiM* wUh 

of B. Hey ne, Raq. aurgeon on thinetttdUiahiMM. 
At see. on bis paan^to Bogland, M#9r Haaaa, 

ILM«ft6UiMglMt.. • , '. ^^ 
4tli Avg« ,Mr. j9SiVh|*fnn» 

V 

1 / — ^ • .•• ^ . • •• » 



teiVi;] 



Bombay. 



Asiaiic Intetligenci.^Bofdiai/* 



199 



drore on ^ore, off^Tenette Biv^^ two 
We ave fuformed that tlie Minister and ^^ prows, mounting fbur raritaVa each 
Writ Sessions of tlie Scots churches of and f ttli of weni on which seniceActinj 



Catcotta, Madras, and Bombay^ have una-- 
nimously elected the Rev. J. Bi*y6e, D. t), 
and €barles Forbes, Esq. of Aiichmeddau. 
M. P. to be their representatives in the 
Qeneral Assembly of the Church of Scdt- 
kiid for the year 1817. 



Lienicfiaiit Kincbant> « very promiaing. 
officer, was killed. 

> Onthii 7tll «f Jane, Captai* £atw«U, 
at the request of the Reaideot, laqded. a* 
body of .seamen a«id marines from the 
croizers Teignmouth and Benares, con- 

of the safe arrival of l^^ M^esty** 74tl, jjft „ , gagti-Mp at Macanar, alt aI 
itv.inent of footat Sural. diapoMblffo^* hW been withdraw. 
8BS810199. from the fort. • < The Teignmonth waai sta» 
' On Monday morning, July 21, thefol- tioned offMaixM River, and the TebmatC: 
lowing jurymen were sworn in to torn" off Tinorftcy, to alarm tbecotot, and de- 
pose the jury for the trial of Lieutenant- ter the chief from reinforcing thd enemy 
Colonel T. C. Harris, deputy commissary nearMaros. 

to the subsidiary force in the Deckan, and The position ooeupied by the enemy 

a native named Pooneakhoty. They wer^' was about eight mfles from Maros, at rhe 

hidicted for a conspiracy to defraud the entrance of a ati\>Bg pass leading to the 



Yiononrahle East fiidia Company : 

Augustus Pelly^ Esq« Foreman. 
Mr. John Yates, John Mack, Esq. 
lames Jeakes, Esq. W.P.A8jibarner,Esq. 
Mr. R. F. Hereford, Mr. T)aniel West, 
B. Noton, Esq. Capt, John BIayd> 

Mr. Thomas Boyce, Mr. John Hart. 
Fred. Bouchier,']^8q. 

After a splendid and eloquent speech 
from the Advocate-General for tl^e prose- 
cution, the court was occupied for three 
nueeessive days in taking and hea<.'ing the 
evidence which was brought forward, in 
support of it. On Thursday morning Mr. 
Woodhokse, on behalf of Colonel Harris, 
having made an ahle and impressive ad- 
dress to tlu; jury, concluded by declaring 
that he sliould call no witiiesses or pro-.' 
duce any evidence for the defence; Mr.| 
Staveley spoke also, with much eloquence, ' 
on behalf of Pooneakhoty Moodelier, and 
the Advocate-General having, under the 
direction ojrihe court, ^alyedliid right to 
KC9iy% the Raoorder commenced hi^ sum- 
ming up to the jury about halfpast four, 
P.M. which took up about four hours 
$nd a half. At about half past ten the 
iMry retdmed into the court with iai 
verctjict of Not gwttyi as to iwth the de- 
fendants. 

The court wais uniformly crowded, from 
morning till night, during the continue 
anoe of this trial. 

Aug, IS.-^ltie Lord Bishop of Cal- 
aiit» Uoensed the Rev. Hieholas Wade, 
A.M. and the Rev. R6bert Biiynes, L.Ii.B, 
to be Senior and Junior Ministers at St» 
Tlumia^s ChvKh «t this PrCbidency. 
The Rev. H. Davies to Colaba and Tan- 
«gb, mddw Bar. Thonaai Cafr, A3, to 
fiorat. 

MAIUNB4 

' IN fntellighce receiyed of the operations 
of tlw Company's ernicers to the. eastward, 
it, appears that qn*ifae 5th of April the 
hottsof Temate cruisar -attacked, wd 



hill, where they were Intrenciied in fif- 
teen strong redoubts ; on the momhig of 
the 8th our force preceded to (he attack, 
according to the disposition made by Ma*^ 
jor Da) ton, the r^ident ; the seamem. 
beings attached to.the battering iguns, and 
the marines ineor^oratefl with the troops : 
the attack ootnmnced at day-light, and 
continued until four in theaftcmoon, whca 
the enemy, after a most desperate resist** 
ance, was driven with great losa fron^ the 
whole of his entreaehments. Our loss jw 
this occasion is very considerahla, be!% 
seventy-four killed and woanded. 
• The conduct of every officer and aoiai^ 
landed from the a-uizers has been most 
dvehiplary. The exertions of Ueutenana 
Guy, Miv Manday, master's mate, and 
Mr. Moresby, midshipman, attached t« 
li>the guns, are, highly spoken of. Tho: 
detachment of the marines from Benarea 
particularly distinguished themsehres* • 

The enemy's force was estimated at. 
3,000 men, while that of Major Daltott. 
only amounted to 350 ra^k and file, cz«' 
elusive of the seamen and marines. 

The Commander*iB-Chiaf of the Boni'a- 
forces, Dajoc Chita, with two other, 
chieft were kitted, and. their loss is oom^ 
puted at 600 men killed and wounded. . . 

Pe9toi^ee JJ^mafyVs*— We hare copied 
the following from the Bombay CouHeri 
file deoeased wds, we learn, a man of the 
greatest opulence and influence among the. 
native subjects of the British Government 
at Bombay.— >0n the 21st instant, at half- 
past two o'clock in the morning, Peston^ 
Jee Bomanj^, the well known and very 
respectable parsee merchant, paid the 
great deht of nature, after having just com* 
pleted his fifty-eighth year. 

He had, for some time^ lingered under a 
fery painful and depressing illness, which 
he bor* with great fortitude, choerina his 
fiunily and frieilds with the hopes of bis 
nmery to the last. . A few Ih^uks^ bow- 

2 D 2 



200 



LUMgffnci 



cf«r« l^efore hU disfioftutioB,. lie bfioame wealth. As the rtffammiye of suci!e8»^ 

senstb^ of- the nefur approach of 4eatb;. fvA industry, wealth indeed oaonot b& too 

and, iDi the faU posaesaioii of I»s facaltie% much respected ; but how many accooi-^ 

ivrepamd Ifls 8ttiT«aivling ]»latiie» £ar Ule plishments and how many virtues s^-e re4 

awfil separation that was idlx>uul to take, quired, to refine it iato that resp^(*tability ' 

n1flu«» mtiit'W A AnmnAiHBMk ^nA ivsoaim^nnn- which ran nnlv rAsnlt. frnm st nvf\ne>r niai 



plsioe, witk a oompowiPe and temguitdou. 
wottkf^ of tke most .enlightened phUoso- 
4diir, exalted and eefisied hgr the most per-, 
feet reliance oh the wiadon and goodnesa 

He addnessed them with^reaft aiectian^. 
asd w^Kaill titat strength* ckantass, and: 
precision af laaguage^ lor which he waa 
hdd In «Q mooh eatimation through Jife^ 
He told tfaeni lihat he fek his hour was: 
oome^ and tbat as sacb waa the will af < 
t^ higk PnMrideaoei .that Watirbed over 
them, he submitted himself to his gra-. 
don disptiasatfioaa. That daath was ttie 



which can only result from a propei; use 
of the power which it bestows* 

He was possessed of a very nobte figure^ 
an admirable address>» and a copious dow 
of language. . No man could possibly pre- 
sent himself In a more dignmed' or pre- 
possessing manner; and die Impressionr 
he made from sttch natural advmitagas; 
was uniformly supported by the resources 
of a sound judgment, aad. a great ^aiiety 
and extant of ioforfflation. ^ 

. . From the time bis fortune first enabled 
him to lay out money on buikting,ei'ieai to hie 
la^t illness, he continued to ^autiiychei 



laaa tribvte to he paid hi. this woM^-^Um town and island of BomhsQr, with houses: 

unircisal lot of huma* ftatuce-rviiAd that- and gardens ;, and be may he truly aaid to 

as It must be paid eeoneir or. Ial6r» when have created that tas(|9 fi>r an ornamjfBfM 

God determined the tims, it IS the duty of disposure of their wealth, by. which the 

B»aii to «ifomit wi<)bo«t 'tether atrqggle, natives of this country liuve eentnhutCMd 



and td pra^afe Jumfielf for an evieot whi^h 
he «aaiK)t dday. That as he. felt -all hpp^ 
of eeoaiery were TBin» hegane up, as £ur 
as man can be euppoaed to do, the very 
ntudi (Alive; and coc^xwed his frieads to 
iin that sesignatien which was 



iHiw his gxeateat.oQBsfiont* H^ desired 
tfadmi to look haek oti the past he had so 
leng played In life ; that k£ l^ey were aa- 
tlefied ^e had coodncted himfidf well,, 
bis memoty wmiid yemait to tibem as « 
conaelation after be waa gone, aad that 
iaatead oA lamenting, they ought ratiher 
t». give thanhs to the Altuighiy for the 
pBroaperi^with which he had tseea crowar 
ed« and for the powerful friends by whom 



so much to thecomlorts c^ the Europeaii 
population. The gentlemen who have in- 
habited his numerous and stately houses^ 
wiilbear ainple testimony to theliberality 
with which he uniformly met their wishea, 
and adopted their suggestions of improve- 
ment, or even aVteratiou : and the greater 
part of a very considerable fortune is Bc-> 
tually vested in this manner. 
' The day beftJre his death, vire under- 
stand, he made and published his last' 
Will and testament, in which he displayed 
bis usual {[ood.seiise ; and t6ft Ms affhir^ 
in the most orderly arrangement. He 
adopted his eldest grabdson, Dadabhoy»' 
as his own son, abcotding to the custom 



he and they were supported both i» Iqdiai <fi his nation ^ but left his very handsoma 

and itt Eagiand. That the same line of. fortune to be enjoyed equally bv botb hlr 

conduct wshieb first ohftaihed those blesftr grandsons, the aiildren of a bebved' 

lugs, woidd preaenre them $ and that ,he daughter, w7K>se early loss he lameuted^ 

bad nothing left to wish, far i^ this, ss the greatest misfortune he li^d met 

world, but a leug contiauanoe of that, with inlif^e. $he m^ried Nowrojee, the 

prosperity; whieh Ood had been {leased eldest son of Jamsetiee Bomanjee, aojt 

ta ahew ids iKaaSlif, before be took Amn. to venerable Uaval architbct, and head of the 

IdiDself* ' Wadia family— a family, whicbji whether 

dtaohwaatfae piety^ muk. the reslgiMt-. We consider them' as British sut>jects, 

Qon, and such the ^^nified moitallty o^ British iitierchanls, or British architects, 

^is dying heliever in the religion of Zoro- have largely contributed to the pfosperity 

»ter.^ His loss lias not been coofiaed to ^nd strength of the British Empire ia 

Ids fomify and friends; ft ia feltby th» India. ' 

natives of every description. Hlewealtli^ „ ■ ' 

ami hi^ knowMge gavehSm gf«ai pow^r ; ^"omotiom a»d appowimbmts, 

CDd he was fiberal of both wHhoat osten^ 22d Jiine^«^ub*Xlend«ctor Wmpt lo h9 

t£Rion. Prom the eaH lest period tff hii' Cbndoctor of CommUitajof St&i^Deh 

life, he-was trained up in meroafntilepiif^ partment, 

aults : and, of all the- AsiiMics we hmt Oaptate^Lieateuaait N^Batti tabe Oup* 

ever itnown, he was ^iaeatly the besv tain. 

icquainted with oar language,* oar ^!u^. UtiateBaatO. W^ Sewart: ta^igapfplir 

toma, and our laws. Hds. en aisled hi ni Lieutenant. 



iaByof;thftpou «»«.*uav -« -^'•^«- ^— ^r^,— ««^ -»- - 

pride of oppression, whfeh is edgsncmUfi BiedttstaoiJUiiigiiist to that corps, 
ovittaGied with the ailRaaiiof^ af aiem 4«t JW|w**<Ca^NA <^ M<m^ H*Mf 



94tH R^i|Miit,i«4iini«iMedjPfivii(ej$eci:fV 
. 4^ 44i]L^."-Liettt4vaiuLt R^ W» Fleming 

Assistant-Surgeon W. Aikin to tlijB es- 
f abHshmfent at Poorbunder. 

Assistant-Surgeon Thomas! Itdbeson tp 
succeed Assistant-^ii^'g^n AikmatMockal. 

Assistant-Surgeoia LecUnjere Hathway 
to the medical dxities of the Hon. Com; 
^auy's cruizer Psyche, 

Brngnaito^-^Uu William imith^ Mir 
litftfjr JPayinaiicr-Geiwral »t this 1h$,w^ 
d^aey, 1^ resigned the fl«nri^e4.tbe.offices 
^ M^ifary Pi^mafliernQosenL .audi Acr 
oi>0«taot<-OeiiQraLha\'B iwoD i« coBacfuancc 
«(NM»jftiiateiU and. are now bidd b^Mn 
JftfluiKi^. .... 

pHtlmighs fo iFng^/tfwrf.-^LIcuteiiant J. 
W. Graham^ 6th "RQjiment, N. I. ; Lieut. 
3. C Bafnes, -4th Regiment ; Lieut. J. 
0>clJe, "Jd Regiment, N.'I.; iSttrgeon R, 
B. Perrin ; Major J. F. Dpon ; Lie«t,* 
A. W. Browne;' Brevet'-Major atid€apt. 
6. B. Btttter ; Lie*ttt. S. T. Wamby ; En- 

%tr J. Addison, 9tb1l«giflieittr N.L" 

• .It. 

. , .SiRTHS.. . .. . 

lOtb, '^Lady of Captain W. W. Vsilgar, of.« 

daughtef. • • '..•... s^ 

^ 1^, of Ci«l»ia Wk JMori0oa «f Bmcoot i|l 

a son. , . *^ 

«y. "Mrs. KtnK <»f a sMl. * 
ut.Aag. At BM«da ir^i4eacy# ls4y of i)tp»iia 

•Car^ac of a sow.^ > w * 

At Magazon, the lady of Major Molcswonh of a 

4ira«ifer. ' 

niiJiiae« La4yof1ieat,C.A«Btdea«ioC)M(m4 

lOth ^g. Ifemy, son at R. Stew^t, Eiq. KaVal 

I&, JUcbard, ic^aut aaa of Gttt. BfUaed. 
1st 9ept. Joan Hungerford, ^^q. one <9f the At- 
' to^nles «f rhe Recomler's f^omn. and fKting So- 
. llfiiMrtotItt Hoa» Baat-lniia Comfaay. 
au Ma»ter J*i)unavaar. 
At Betvidere, Henry, infant sonorH. Shank. Esq. 

CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. 

Cblmint Beventies and Ba^enditure 
. /or 1812. 

*R%SFd9, 9e:9ii 

lioanBMik «.. 119,976 % 9 

CufeoiQs; 26&,466 4 5- 

fisfcy>«D PnUie Mes <.. .]M,764 6 

Laai Rereaaes 12a,l9l 6 4 

SmpOutf .,«••.«.«,.• 99^260 4 

lasohreait Estaoes 5^070 1 1 

BrlimagOgoe >^...^.^ 11,200 7 (^ 

PiitOtloe.*,*.., 8)106 

Pwtdge^.,......^.... €,361 2 G 

I ■ .«..<- I ... ■■■^ ^ 

« Th^ Wib Dollar it a j^ftx ismt&Ky vVtA. 
nMi in vHlaeaccordi^Dgto the real or tuppoaed 
actrcftyflftwrtt, tbedhcDont varying from Weeii 
H ttufiy five pel cent, — - t . 



ni^ .iS^ /F«fe9. :^ 

Fines »..•••* ''^^i^ ^^ ^A 

Stelleribosdi Annual ? oiuk/v a a 

Payment J- ^>^^ ^ ® 

Rent of a Mill.,. 107 3 

"Wine Taster ...«..«..• . 6,61 62 

5ees of Office., • §4,934 I 3 

oils ;.....,... 18,214 5 4 

Caffer Con^mands Tax . .. 61 ,000 p . . 

^tore Rent. .,.»•.*•... )a(400 • 

. .. ; ..... . 1,076,6?^ "4 i 

i, ' I . ■■■ 

Colonial Reveniies have? .ifloey,. .- /^ 

increased' S ' ^ 

•• 'E^tPEIfBtTiniB* , 
OftDINARlBS. RiJt ds. ' id^ $f^ 

Maries and Pensions^. 663,4^ 6 ^ 

Subsistence of Con- 7 ^ .o. . v 

vfcts,*c. J-' ^**2* ^ « 

Expeuces of OflSces.... 26,498 ^ l.' 

CapeReslmekit.,....;* 186,608 3 52 

Roads,WaterCburses, > r ann n a 

Bridges, &c. ' \ ^^^^ ^ ^ 

Bible and School e&m-i- , ^'J . ^ 

• mtssfou J V^^' ^ 3 

; • 892,704. 2 3J 

' EXTRAeRDl'NA]^lC3f 

Buildings.... i.i'..... 27,868 5 

Sundries... J...« 67^597 3 2 

Pay/of armed Inhabitants: 14,684: ''0 

Timber ^ .25,769 I S- 

Bills on !Cok)nial Agent 84^976 2 5. 

Unds bpiigbt by eo-l 3 gim n a 

1,098,06^ 1.1* 

have iticz«a«!d J »3«,004 5 :?| 
Bstcaordinary ditto.*.. 110,134 6 4. 

NEW SOUTH WAIJES. 

Tbe.Sjfdne^ Gazette, -Bmck$ Pthpr ar-i 
tides, contains a' |iarrative of a tour 
made by Mr. Evans, under the direction 
of the Governor, in the Iktely ezplorec( 
cotmtry to the westward of the Blue( 
Mountains : — 

On the Idth May!, 1815, ht commenced 
his tour, and on the 2d of June, finding 
his provisions w-ould not enable him to 
proceed furtlier, he began to retrace hia 
steps back to Bathurst, where he anived 
on the i2th June, having been ahsent 
thirty-one days^. At a distance; of about 
sixty mil6s from Bathurst, Mr. Evana 
discovered a number pf hills, thf ppints, 
of which ^nd in ^perpendicolar head^ 
from thirty to forty feet high^ of p]ara 
limerStpne; of a misty p;rey colour. , Atj 
this place» and ^so tlu-oughont the.gen£-^ 

t In extent lib^t ei^e^n mtlcli 



ral course of the. Joiirn^« kangaroos, 
emaes, clucks, &c. were seen in great 
tttxabirB, and the new river, to which 
Mr. Evans gave tbename^of the Lachlan, 
abounds with fish-. The natives appeared 
more numerous than at Bathurst ^ by t sp 
very wild, and apparently so much alarm- 
ed at the tAght of white men, that he 
could not induce- them to come near, or 
to bold any intercourse whatever with 
bim. At the termination of the tonr, 
Mr. firans saw a good level country, of a 
most iateresttng appearance, and a very 
jrich soil ; and he conceives that there is 



tioned at the hatdliw&f , kept them off 
with their musketti. Their nunibers in^ 
creased, and a nisb was momentarily ex* 
pected. A constant fire was kept npfibm 
below, and Aenativefrcmwded alien the 
quarter-deck to keep clear of the fixing, up 
the hatchway. Tlie cabin skylight atfofd- 
ed an opportunity of firing upon them therei 
the occasion was embraced, and two dis- 
charges drove them off the quarter-deck. 
They were astonished and confounded at 
the unexpeeted attack through the sky- 
light, whkh was fatal to several; they 
ran forward, still -detemuned, howvrer. 



no barrier to prevent the travelling further ^ persist hi their atteraptef eaptnring the 

westward to almost any extent that could ves^l. In passing fe^rward thiey were 

be deaired. The distance travelled by again fired at from 4he hatchway^ but at 

li!m 00 this occasion was 142 measured thia critkal* nomeut arrived Jaeky Waiu 

miles out ; whk^h,. with digressions to the ry, a. native who had before belimfedk 

Suthward, made the > total distance 155 to the Trial, and by his direction to cut 

lies from Bathurst. He adds, at the the cables of the tinro vessels, the crews 

aame time, that having taken a more dU were reduced to the last extremity. They 

i^eci line back to .Bathurst .than that by soon drifted ashore, and the assaUam^, to 

which he left it, he made the distance avoid the firing, crowded in and adkwut the 

then only 115 mjles; and he observes, longboat. A steady chargeof seven mu»« 

that a good road may be made all that keta at one volley, drove Uiem overboard, 

length without any considerable difficulty, and thua the crew regained, the deck, oi 

there not being more than three hills which the enemy had had possession foiir. 

—t-.-i. . »- . j^j hours. They now saw the Brothers with- 
in half a cable's length, alse aground, 
with upwards of 100 natimes on the deck 



which may not be avoided. 

NBW ZEALAND. 

The Brotfaefs has brought to Sydney an 
^bcouDt bf a' desperate, but unsuccessful 
attentpt by the natives at Trial Harbour, 
New Zealand, to jf^et possession of that 
ship and the Trial. Trial Harbour Is esti- 
inate4 to be distant 150 miles S.E. ctf the 
Missibnary station' at the Bay of Islands, 
.between the Btvw Thames and Mercury 
Bay. 

Mr. Howell states, that at half past 
twel^e> A. M. Ik observed a number of 
eanoes alongside both vessels, but that 
from thfj frieddty . terms he was on w!th 
the' cUeJfo and other natives, he had no 
sdspidon of any design against the vessels, 
both of which were provided with board- 
ing nets, through the interstices of which 
they bartered then- commodities with the 
iB^nders. The Trial's people were down 
it dinner :. Mr. Howell was On tbe quar- 
ter-deck, ft>lding a mat, with a friendly 
chiefs Narruroo, near to whom was ano- 
ther chief ; the latter on some signal sup- 
posed to have been given by the former, 
sprung upon Mr. Howell with his club, 
and strui^K him upon the back of the head ; 
he reeled, half stumbled : a second blow 
was aimed at him, which he avoided by 
jl^hing |brward and precipitating himself 
down the forecastle hatchway. The as- 
sattants'now crowded on the upper deck, 
ci which they obtained complete posse%- 
irion, while sevieral who had intruded 
themselves between dteks« were opposed 
by tlus people and kflldd. Those above 
tried to ship the main hatdh^ In order to 
shut the crew belqw, but two men ata- 



The Trial's swivels were now empk)yed 
Sn aid of her musketry, and soon cleared 
her Mr. Burnet and his people r^ainei 
the deck of the Brothers, fi-om whence 
they also had been driven, and a Joint ^re 
was kept up as long as the natives were 
within its reach, whkh did considerable 
execution^ Mr< Burnet's report of #e 
affair states, that at half past twelve 
o'clock, he heard a shout from the Trial,^ 
and immediately his own decks were 
crowded with natives who had been pi«- 
viously alongside his vessel ^ that he was' 
instantly aware of the intended assault, 
and seizing a musket, shot one of the^ 
most forward. Mr. John O'Neal, mate^ 
of the vessel, and a native of New Sooth 
Wales, for some time defended Mr, Bar- 
net against the attacks of several adver* 
saries, with an empty musket; hewia 
himself attacked, and feU, overpowered 
by i^umbers. Thomas Hayes was thrown 
wouiided into a canoe, and killed otf 
sliore. Joseph Macsden.and John HaUo- 
gan,. the former wounded, lumped, evcfk 
board, and were protected by a chstf's 
wife; the latter .rejoined theTessd,«ut 
supposes Marsden, who didfisbt retara, itf 
1|ie still alive. William . Morgan, a bogr^ 
was wounded, as. was also Mr. Bornetv 
though not badly ; and the ocst *mimAm 
the two seamen who hailheeii uidbrCnnaleif 
kiUefl oa board tbe Binthm,. wnnlmtu^ 
red. On board the Brothers wenkiiM 
Matthew Jackson, an Euiwin^ and 
Tetia, a Fomatoo native ; and<3uM>phet 
Harper, wounded. 



1M7.3 



JBi^iS^ Marrujgem^ ^md DMhs. 



, J>hcoverjf of Eight Mandt* * 

We pnbtish for general infohnatioii, the 
fnllowing olMerrations received from the 
HonoHr^le James Ashley Maude, Cap- 
tain of his Majesty's ship Favonrite, in 
r^fard to the sicnation and appearance of 
eight islands discovered by ttim on the 
13Ui» i4th and 15th, of July 1816, in the 
Persian Onlph during a cruize for general 
protection of the trade. 

The situation and appearance of eight 
islands on the Arabian side in the GnlpU 
of Persia not laid down in any of the 
charts ; the names of which are Arabic 
and the latitudes and longiturles of each 
taken from cross hearings, the latter by 
chronometer $ . seen by his Majesty's ship 
Farourite, the honourable James Ashley 
Maude, Captain, during a cruive for the 
general protection of trade in the Gulph, 
on the 13th 14th and 15th of July 1816, 

lyausg.-^ln latitude 29' 10 N. longitude 
per chronometer 52® 45' E. bearing SB» 
distance 4 leagues, appears of a moderate 
height with a few small hummocks and 
south western extremity a low sandy 
point six or seven miles in length, no trees, 
and soil a^metaJlic appearance; hi pass- 
ing it, distasoe ofif shore four or five lea« 
gues, we had from 13 to 18 fethoms, coarse 
sand with a few orerfoUs. 

Jamam Ishnd^^Sonth easterly direc* 
^n found Dauss is in latitude 25<* 8' N. 
longitude per chronometer 52® 55/ £, 
bearing SB. by S' 5 or 6 leagues, has three 
high hummocks nearly of an equal height, 
two oo the northern extremity and one 
more^to tfie southward. The haze of the 
.atmosphere was too great to olnerve whe- 
ther the extremities were tow, apparently 
90 vegetation, hills formed of a metallic 
substance.' 

Arzmh Island, ^West southwesterly 
direction from Jamaln in latitude 24® 56 
N* longitude per chronometer 52« 33 E, 
bearing SSW. 9. miles, is rather high, a 
ragged appearance. About a cable's length 
off the eastern and western extremities 
there are two rocks a little above water ; 
and on the north east side a shoal extends 
nearly a mile from the shore, composed Of 
^qcks and coral sand. The Favourite an- 
chored under this island, with the centre 
of/he island beaiingS. byE|K5or6 
nules in 12| lathoms^ fine coral sand and 
sliells. 

I cQuld not discover any fresh water 
^Ais island, but from ravines occasioned 
mm the heavy rahis, I have no doubt by 
sinking wells, water might be procured. 
rhe sou consists of metallie substance ; 
no tim and only a few herbs, the south- 
«Mid« exceedingly rugged, and in breadth 
I mgm two or three miles;' and seven 
Mjlwfu length, whidi tarfekates to the 
WaSTvinaloirMadypomi. * 

(To be (^nelvaei in doi^yiekQ 



«» 



<»</»#J»^»^*«^^«^Xi^l^>#.< 



■»»»»^V»i» 



bmTHS, MARIilAGES, & DEATHS, 
AT HOME. 

BIRTHS. 

In T^ngham Place, the lady of Sir J. IwudiMii. 

Bart, of a daughter. .w«M»f 

At the GroTe, Mitchara, the lady of Sir T. P. 

Acland, Bart, cf a daughter. 
AtCambridee, Lady Mortloclc, of a daughter. 
lii Hertfottf.stTeet, the Couitteta of ClonmeU, «r 

» ton ftnd heir. ' 

At Farley, near Reading, the Lady Lttcr Stn>l«eii. 

•on, of a «ou. *" 

In Wimpole-street, the lady of tlie Il<Mi. J. T. 

Leslie Melville, of a son. 
At lCeiii.<ey Lods^e, Worcester, the ftuly of Bfwoiw 

Qen. Sir R. Hate SheaO*, Bart, of a danghter. ^ 
la Devon$hire>ftaee, the lady of Rear-Adnriral 

Scott, of a daughter. 
In Portland.place, the lady of Henry Bonhnti^ 

• Baq. of a 9<»n, 

In Maachetter*atreec, the lady of Cfipt. lAke. 9d 

Guards, of a son. 
The lady of James Paterson, Esq. of Whnpole^ 

street, of a dauahter. 
The lady of William B. Lees, Rsq. of a son. 
The lad/ of Thomas Lees, Esq . nf a son. 
The lady of John C. Lees, Esq. of a son. 
The lady of Sir H. Lees, Bart, ot a son and Heir. 
In Green««treet, Grosvenor square the lady of 

Colonel Christie, of a son. 
At Lavinaton, Petworth, the lady of Wm. Jettney. 

Esq. or a SOB. - 

In Great Cumberland-place, the lady of R. Ro. 

bertson. Esq. Of a son. 
At Critchill House, Mrs. Fmierlck Rtcketts, of 

a son 
The lady of John Delafiek), Esq* of Wobam-plac^ 

Russell square, of a danghter. 
At KUvefma, countv of C<Mrk, the lady af Jamet 

Manning, Esq, of a son, and Uie lady of Thos. 

Studdart, Esq. of a son and heir. 
At 8prtng*in<tant, county of Kerry, the lad? oV 

Maurice Fitamaurice, Esq. of a son and heir. 
At Edinburgh, the lady of Wm. 8totbert».Esq. 

• of a son. 

In Bruttswick-square, Mrs. Af ieviUe, of a daucUt^, 
In Oower-street, the lady of J. A. F. SinpkinaotfA 

Esq. ofas^n. 
The lady of Dri Dennlton, of Upper Guildfurd^ 

street, of a son. 
In Go#er-street, the lady of Walter Sklrrow. Sao. 

of a daughter. ^ 

In Chaihan-place, the lady of J. Ritcfafe, Esti, of 

a son. . 

The lady of N. G. Ingram, Esq, of a son. 
In Northampton-square, the lady of Frederick 

Wm. Pott, Esq.of a son. 
The lady of Mr. R. B. WUby, of Jametatreet* 

Adelplil, of a son. 
In Wimpole-slreet, the lady of the Hon, J. T* 

Leslie Melville, of a son. 
In Harley-street, the lady of Capt. Beaafbrt^ B, K. 

01 a son. 
In Gower-strees Mrs. John Smith, of a daughter 
The lady ofR. Westmacott, Esq. R. A. of aeon. 
In Montague-place, Russell-square, Mrs. Edward 

Denne, of a daughter. 
The. lady of Or. £. T. Mohto, of Gower^tveet, of' 

a son. 
At Crooin»s Hill, Greenwidi, the lady of theRcr, 

C. Parr Bumev, of a son. 
At Antwerp the lady of A. Bllerman. Baq. of at6n. 
The lady of J. L. Anderdon, Esq. of a son. 
In Portland-place, the lady of Lieut.- Gen. Rer- 

aoUda, ofason.- ' 

The lady of J . P. Lockbart, Esq. Tavistock.iqaart. 

of a Atughter, 
At Hollycombe, Sussex, the lady of Charles W. 

Tavlor, Esq. M. Pr <or- a son and heir. ' 

At Keasiaoton, the lady of E. E. Yidal, Baq. S. 

N. of adaagliter. ' 

At Maidaabe£i, Berks, thef lady of Payatoti Pi- 

foCt* 'Bsq. of a son.- 

^^""J18S?*».*« ^^y of John Baiabri^n^ Jttiu 
Bsq. ofHarley.street, of a daughter. 

UiceaiactliM^, Of % tfMi&tAr. 
.jbrMantagoe-iquar^ 0wlS4y 9i Riduurd ^Sumu 

BMi.oradattgfater. C 

At BrUtOB» Mn. J, W, Wertoo, of a son, 



liABBMffKft 

In St. James's aqnare. Licut.-Cot. Maurice Fitx- 

bardiag Powell, Aid<tfe*Caiap to Jiis RoyAl 

Highness the Prince R^ent, to Lady Eleanor 

Datibarton. 
The Et. Hon. Lord Huntinefield, to Miss Blols, 

daughter of Sir Chailes BioiB, Bart. 
At Beveflcy, Lieiit.-ColoaeL-BefesfBrdy to Many*' 

' daughter of the Rev. John Gilky, 
Qairr Oertrialiire. J&Mit of Littla MsMldox.street^ 

to Mary Stnart, niece to the late Liemt.P>G«ii« 

Sir ieku Stnart, Count of Mjaida. 
9«bert Marqiiis, £sq, late of Bfsnnl, to Miss Ma- 
ry Forsyth Rannie, daughtier of Tbomas Ranniet 
. Bsq^or 0ird*s Park, Callen. 
At Little Parndon, Essex, John Carter* £sa. M. P. 
. lor Portsmouth, to Joanna JMaria, daiigoter of 

Wm. Smith, Esq. MP. 
M Newport, Essex. Mr. WUUapi Holt, tf» Ame- 
lia, daughter of tU« late Rev. Edward Bryant. 
At LeoiniDSter, James Henry Levin, Emi, of 

Broad-street, to Mary Aiin, daughter of Edward 

Woodhouse, Esq. 
*f he Rev. John Brereton, Head Master of Bedlbrd 

School, to Miss Laura Abbot Uanria, of Ldgli 

Linton. 
At MarylcbOne Churell, Capeain Grey, of the lotli 
« llussars, to Catherine Maria, daughter of the 

late R. Grir.dall, Esq. • 
IVilliam Curzon, of Mel too, to Maria, only daugh*' 

ter of Colonel Hunlock* 
At St. Andrew's, Holbom, Mr. John Andrew, at 

Braintree, tp Mrs. Caroline Bowers, of thesamf 

place. 
At Pittodrie, Aberdeenshire, Alex- Forbes Iwioeh 

Esq. of Schivas, to Margaret, daughter of the 

late James Hamilton, Es(f . of Bdinourgb. 
At PInmstead, Lieut. Fred, bright. Royal Horse 

Artillery, to Mary, daughter of the Cste Wny, 

Hall, Esq. Captain of the Royal Artillery. 
^ Blshopaihorpe, WilUam John Law, Bsa. tv 

Charlotte Mary,- daughter of R, SymMon, Baq. 
AtHtechin, Robert Lindow Carr, of Wavertree, 

Esq. to Faiinv, daughter of the la4^ Rev* Heary 

Ward, of Langley. 
At Whiteburch, Mr. Percival Norton Jobnson, q( 

Doctor^ Common^ to Elix> Lydia. daughter of 

the.lato T.Smith, Esq. 
At St. Paul's, Covent-garden, John Kituwar, Esq, 

to Misa Georgiana Boileim. 
At Bath, E. Tovey, Esq. to Mra. Duncan, widosr 

of John Piincan, Esq. of the Island of Jamaica. 
In MonkstowA church, near DiibUiW Henry Kvl«, 

Esq. of the Commerctai-buildings. to Miss Mil- 
. ler, dau^ter of the late Rev, Oliver Milkr. 
At Cork, Thomas Warner, Esq. to Maria, daugh- 
ter of 0.« Wakely* Esq. «f that city. 
At Castlebridge, county of Wexford, £. Rogers 
- Cookmaa, Esq. of BaaaoMunt* to Maria Louisa, 
. dangbter of Col. Hewaaa, of Mmtnt Anna. 
At Edinburgh, J. Polwanh, Esq. to Mifs Adams, 

daughter of the late Heaiy Adams, Esq. of Un- 

colfTs Inn. 
At Bi^th, Capt. William CarsoiH of Mdton. to 

Maria, dauahter of Col. Hunlook, of Worcester. 
Mr. Gaoffse xrv^a, of the Crescent, Miiiorics. to 

Frances, only daughter of Chas. Stutffekl» Esq. 

of St. Georgia's, Middlcaex. 
At Maryieboae Church, Geoigt Awustua Weak- 

phal, Esq. Capt. R. N. to Hm. Cbambeps« of 

Upper Berkeley-street, 
At ManWbona Churah. Heniy. Joba ConyeH, 

Esq. of C(mt HaU, in Essex, to Harriet, daagh- 

tfr of the Rt. tlon. TIaomaa Steele. Esq. 
At St. George the .Martyr, Wm. Wa>au«, Esq. 

4»f QoiMn.sqmi»e, to Uisa Gale^ of ib« YiUa, 

Qea);.]iUidBnbead. 
, ^ . DEATHS. 

In AbercTotnby-place, the Rt, Hoa« CoMitess 
, povagar pf Aboyie, wklefw of Otairles Hat^ 

btfrton, Earl of Aboyne, and dangbiter af J 

Eaaiof Mortom. 
At Stourbridge, Ueut.-Gan. Alemadv WomI. 
AtScimombfeKncvThomAsTaraervStt. Cam- 

modore of the Hon. Eaat^ftdia Goqppioy'a 

MartM«tJBoBAay« - 

^t Wisbech, Bliaa, youngest dangbter af Colonel 

flM«if^a,'>«itag ComwMteat of the Bin* 

galArtiUecy. 

UiLalHlaik S»r Manht SfupvltoB^ Bait, of Uj 

ton, near BoraoglibaMgak TofftiMit; 
• A*Bl^rtMi«fllbiiilafi at^fmumit te Uk- 

"•'*^ **q. 



^^rth, ArdnrfajjtwrfaMlMMK 



CFsa. 



e»t 



At iTarmouth,. CaiiA OnarnkmH 99fi>rd. 

At West Ham, Essex, in conse^aenettpf a fall 

firpm has gig, ueor^ Anderson, >!;sq, r. L. S« 
AtWdhs. SomersetkMae, M^OrTh«mtta>CMRlr,or 

Weal H^il'me Bvm, «liept^ MaUtet,. Aaik JtMl 

nt tlie Bast<«lndia;Company's Service. 
In Somerset-street, FOrtm&n- square, PhUOp PW- 
' noak, Bsq. of the laland of JanmSca. 
Mt ^naance» Mks. Haltidqr, wififof: Oaptaiis 

UalUd^y, R. N . 
la Paris, Augusta, Hik* dmthltf of G^f9» 
' Grant, Bsq^ 
At Millbaiik.streeU Hanioxt, wife of (barlaa 

Boynton Wood, Esq. of fiaves, ptWdfcsex. 
Mrs. Fitz John, sen. uf Baldock, UerU. 
At KenslnRtun-, Mra* Thotnton, wifdow ^t the lata 

Robert Thoraton^ Esq. ^ . • . 
At Kensington Palace, Anne CeeU Stroife. 
At Doonass Glebe, near Li man cll^ Ala. Mauqf^ 
• wife of the Bee. Ckaitas Mawv^ . 
At Greyfort, Charhute, daugRter of "ftiomaa 

Stoney, of Aran-htU, cotimy of T?pper^.' 
TbDiMas Lowaher AHen, fisq. 4>k Thiaswnd Ladgei 

oaunty of Meatli, lute Lieut. Cal..isUi Husbars* 
At Nice, Mary, wife of Rear-AjJmlrat Foote, and 

daugttter of the late A«m4i>al- Philip Patton. 
At FiOeld^ Wihab l&dwiard Penruddock^ Etn, sua 

of Uie late C. l^eoruddocke, Esq. M. P. for 

WiUshirc 



LONDON MARKSTI^ 

Tuitdtnf, •/an, S8, 1817* 

Cofilpn.— The purchases of Cmttm, betk br 
paMic sale and ptivaiK ceutraol^ Imve beam vaijr 
coneidevable ) the demand alaoost excluaively ior 
the mapuractures of the country, which are re^ 
ported hrisk, antieipsrttng an eadtiisive spriof^ 
tiaftc^The sale ity tbe BastolodiaQesMglaqy went 
ttff with much brisknesa} Uif prices were irrega- 
tar, but generally a shade higher thkn the pre* 
vious sale j it consisted af ^aQ■ bales, sobjeet to 
Id. pier lb. if token for home cousumpiioo, 

fagor.— The demand for Muscovadts was limit- 
ed la*t week ; the fir* aales edipcted were at prteaa 
a shade lotMr ; so gtoK mm the s|>eeulBtiDn ih 
Sugma two miNitba ago, that a considerable p£»> 
poriion of the stock is in the hands of specu- 
lators. 

Cq/fer^There were two pubKo aatas af Cafce 
last week, consisting of 6S3 casks and IsQ^i bags, 
a great proportion JJotch descriptions , tbe satea 
went off heavity, and a very conslderahiB i^topea- 
tioB was taken iu foribe paoprietorsi tbef paicea 
generally may be slated at a uuther decline of 9s. 
per cwt.'The late parcels sold at the India House 
realized a small advance of is. a Ss. ijs sovctwf ia- 
ataaces, but the Company agaia de&ariog an ex- 
tensive quantity for the 9ist proximo, the advance 
cannot now be obtained. 
. i^rfee*.— Theiv bas beea vary little altevarionln 
the prioes of Spice for some weeks past } the quo- 
tations yfitl remain nearly nonrinat till the exten- 
sive (ttle declared by the Baat-<liidi« Conpam- 
takes place. They hava advertised for tttn 
proximo |arge parcels of Cinnamon, Cloves, Mace, 
ilntmpgs, Pepper, kc, 

htagc-^Thte demand eontlftaM «tteaii»<t «fk 
advance of Od. and lOd. per lb* has been rcaiucd 
on the late sale prices at the India House j tile 
' holders are now asking la. with every probaWlily 
of raalimag Ibe im^twrement % the atoek ia V- 
ported under l(\000 cheats, aad the qtiafitity ex' 
pected tnis season is reported trivial ; Oie lete Idw 
paicMiii Boioae baaing K^^vmMedF asi/'a««aiton 
being paid to this article by the tmportera, 

5ii/lc.-r>The sale at the India House, has closed j 
' a considerable piroporrion df the Cbinii llilk has 
been refbsrd^ the infestot m4 eaaasciSUldi bate 
aohl- at a dxyresaion <of two and a half pea oant. 
from the tate sale Dti6et^ the flne seven and & 
hair per cent. Mgher, tad 4^ Mnsa China at ftn 
adenacaoCabOMioperceM.' TFIm fMtowbig Arc 
tbeparti^ilar.,-. ^ .^ ^^^ 

^-' • tia. ftfu 



CUinaa Mo. I. 

MO.S. 
i Mota So. 1. 
OrgaMiAe *^ 
Bengal SkeiH 



>5s,44.#3ri3J 

tBm«l4'4rl4a*liab' 

iM«Adra^ia« 



■■■ 



18 lY.] India Skipping Intelligence. — Ship Letter Mails* 205 

».»^^ii<^#^^^#<r^s»»^#*<'j^^^^^^^«».^»*^<>»<»^'*»<w»«*«*' DeaL J)e<f, S0>— Cftine down from th6 rfrer 

y«stcrdfty. and saHed, the Tortoite storcshlp, «nd 

INDIA SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE^ ^;li'^"i:r^^„".r^„, „, ^,„ 

GnwMeitd, Bw. 43.— Sailed the InglU, General 97«A.— Came down, from the rivef, tile Marauis 

Harrii, Lowther Castle, Charles Grant, and Van- pf Camden and LofPtlier Castle, for India, 

sUtart for India. pi^ o'ctocfc.-rThe Marquis of Caroden East-In- 

Jca. It, 1810.— ^iled. Minstrel, Bnstov for diaman has lost an anchor and about 40 fktSom 

India. ol* cable In bringing the ship up. 

tStA.— Arrived th^ Egfrad, Kirby, from Calcut- Dover, Jan. 9.->Passcd this port after pott yes- 

taj British Army, Manion, fiom Bengal; £m- terday, the Emperor Alexander; CbapmaQ, and 

perar Alexander, Chapman, from Batavia. the William, boCh from Bataviator Loadon. 

Deul, Dec. Stf— Arrived, tlie City of Edinburgh • Portsmouth, Dee. 20, 1816.— Sailed the Shipley 

East-Indiaman, Capt. Loch, from Bengal; she for New South Wale«. . ' '^ 

•ailed the I5th August. Remain in the Downs jan. a. I8i7.-Arrived the Harriet. Moore, 

the Charles Grant, Inglis. and Genf-ral Warns from Batavia, left 9d Sept ; she left ready tor sea 

East-Indianienr the Sir Stephen Lushiogton, and the Mary Ann, (Juinton ; the Wi)olford, Bf .dv ; 

the rest of the outward-bound, all well. and Emperor Alexander, Chapman, all for Eng. 

99tA.— The whole of last night it blew a tre- land. The Ganges, Danby, was also loading f^ 

mendous |aie from the S. and W., durjug which England, and would be readv suon after the Har- 

several ships in the Downs drove cuhsuieraiiy. (iet sailed; The Dutch had lakeA possession of 

The following remain all well— Charles Grant, Batavia jiust before the departure of Capt. Moore. 

General Harris. Inglis, Lowih^r Castle, MHrqm» »th,^The following outward-bound Eist-lnd'ia- 

pf Camden, an^ Sir S. Lushmgton, for India ; Pi. ^en passed by this morning to the weiCwa^-d ;— 

lot, for Botany Bay. Marquis Camden, General Harris, Bombay, 

SO(A.->The General Harris and Marquis of Cam- Ciiarles Grant, Inglis, Vansittart, aiid'LoWthcr 

den Indiamen, attempted to geta^^ this morn- Castle: tl»ey are for Bombay and China. ^ailM 

ing, but blowing strong they could not get. their from henee, the Admiral Gambier for tb*? 'Cape 

•■ciwia, and most likely they will not attempt and Ceylon ; and the Agoea for the Gape «f Good 

again till day-light tu*morrow morfiing,' the S.£.' Hope. 

wmdbeinperyba<|tQ,aetoutofthcD<>WH8with. it«*.— Sailed the Governor Strong, Scott, M 

The Lowther Castle, Charts Grant, aad Inglis, China. 

frJm G^aJeliirJ "*' '^ Vansituri and Boml»ay ,«A,-Arrlved Hibernia, fro.n the Downs, for 

rrom uravesend. > Madras and Benjal. ' ' 

•foil. I, 1817<— Came down from tbp river last r._. ,^ ,f «• .. i^^j ^k * . ' A w 

evening the Vansitlart. Bombay, and Wchmoiid, ,,i'2^!l^T* a.S"?'^^' ^® ^"■» ^'*^* 

for Inilla j Canada for Botany Bay. "<>"» Bombay and the Cape, 

• Srf.-AniTed. and n)m«n«, the Bgfrid, Kirby, jT^S^* ?,"«^'7V,"'^i'-*'*.*i^J?i^t^ 

from Calcutta j' sailed the I3ih Aug»i|t. ; J^ ?"* " ' ^*'** Siorps/qr the C|pe of 0o<hI 

M*.— Sevsral ah ids have come in and brought J/L .•."'» ^ ..^i. «i • ^ « j.' 1 

op in the D«nvns, the particulars at presint ;«f Jf*'^ JJw- «*-?*>« Mo«at Ind^w Jrov« 

are unknown, as they have not yet had any S""? ^"j '"«*!!i"8' this morn mg. botbrpus^ii^ 

communication withT the shore. . We have without damage. , 

made enquiry am«»ng the sea- faring people re- Falmouth, Jan. t. — Sailed Drake, for Corltaiid 

ssecting tlie •atwar<i b^iund East and West In- New South Wales. , 

diaraen, &c. in the Downs, and d(» not hear i7tA .—Arrived iane, Berridge, f^om London* 

tAit any have sufered $ m<i«t of out intrepid for the Cape of Good Hope.^ ' < 

boatmen are off amongst the ships, and have ^ ' • 

^ ,?e"u^SS.&'lli.' ^ '^it%^^ — -^ ' ^-^-...-^^ 

•°cr«"down Ae rlv*, .«t e«ninr mi -«n..in. SHIP-LETTER MAILS FOft INDf A; , 

the Jane, for the Cape of G««d Hope. Arrhred !>«„.-,« c*,..^ • i . 

.i^udremainsallwell,theWoodford. from Batavia. rRlTATB SHIPS.' • .. , ^ 

Arrived to-day, and will sail for the river .this «.. ., v««.*. r«». B^b.M« 'iv.l * c •»• "' 

evening, the British Anne, from Calcutta ; saUed ^**^ * ^""»**' ^*^- 'T°™« i1ai# V ^^^mg, 

17th August; from Sand Head S^d ; and from the Qape </ Gwid-Mtrpei 

Cape of Good Hope Sd Nov. It Moved very „,^ . -^ t-* -« 1 

hard part of last night and this morning, during 5-„7 iS^ «?rtl»7? '-. t*^ » , 

wbidi the Woodford, for Batavia has lo«t anchow J""* : 15 Jailed from Deal Jan. s;, 

and cables: tbq Trltoft, for the Isle of France, ^J^'l if? SrS* 

has lost two anchors and cables. Bnlhant fts? Feb. 88. 

8M.— Sailed the British Army, Egfred, and Har- Copeoad /sfe 4/ Froiioe. * > 

fiet, Indiamen, with the rest of the homeward . ^a« w^«»i«.<i»» aoa t« a» 

bMQdfor India; remains Hibernia, for India. . Lady »Wt»ngdon.. 500 Jan. 98. 

The Trit«in, for » he Isle of France, has" repaired Afodros and^Bfeitf oi. 

her damage, and wa?ts only f»r a wind; •"«»^ • 

«fA.— Sailed the Hibernia. for Madras J Triion, **"* '— • *** Sailed from |>caUaB. J?. 

or the Isle of France. Bomftoy. 

fcl^il'Tf Tf .?°^" ^?"V n* 1 h' ^"** "^l}''!"' Wyt'^n vr- • 376 SaiMfor'Deal Jan. S7. 

he Kapid, for the I ape of Good Hope; and Se- \ 

ogapatam, for the South $icas. Bengal, 

UfA.— Came down from the river, and rertiain Kent 440 8a)4edfroM Dleal^ai^ 97. 

fhe Glory, Kent, and Minstrel, for Calcutta. Mary Ann ft50 Feb. 9. 

DMT. Jaa. IS.— Came down from ihe river, l*ho«>ix WO Sailed from Deal JaHr<7. 

■fn« Ttmrldge, for the Cape 'of Good Hope. ^b"y, *~ -; '^^ . , ' i 

Three »*ehck : the wind is now due east; and the •Sp^Ke ....... ......; f^:*^^?^ . ,^ * 

catward.bonudarepre})arinKtosaU. Fovr4*d<Kk': f?^'y ^?" .-..;.... 450 SaiieofiromDealJarvS^. 

ttie whole of the outward-bound are away, and Caledonia SM.Jao. SCk . 1 • j 

round to the South Foreland, except the Glory . , . , ■ 1 ; - j ' i ' 

private Indiaman, and Aid, West Indlamai<» « The dettinatloB oMhc 8»eke beiHg atterei to 

ld<A.>-Came down from the river^ Jane, Cor- Bengal otUy, c1» letters for Madras, jtariied fur 

ncby^ for the Cape of Good Hope. that shiii, must be sent by «oBie other-. 

Asiatic JourtiaU^^^o. i^» v Vofc. 111, ■ - 2 E ' . : 



.11. 



Price CurreiU of Emt-lnd&a Produce far ^/muarf 1817« 207 



Colliee,Jcnt c«rt. 4 

— — CberilMm: 8 IS 

— ^ Bonrbon 4 

-•■w llocha r«» ft- U> O 

Gottmi, Sar«t... lb. 1 1 

-<•— Extra Ane...... O 1 4 

"■^^ Bengal ...•••%«•«• •»•• o 11 

^^ BoHrbon...,,. «.. O I 10 

Prngt, &c. fur Dveing. 

WUe««» Epirtiea cwt. A 

Anaiseeds, Star... 4 10 

Borax, Refined 4 15 o 

—— Unrefined, or Tincal 4 10 o 

Campliire unrefined 10 10 o 

Cardemoms, Malabar.. lb -0 S 

— Ceylon 

Cawia Badt ...cwt. 16 

»-^ Lignea 9 6 O 

CwtorOil lb. O I 3 

China Hoot .....cwt. a 

Coculna Indicu*. 3 

ColumboRoot ft 10 

BragoB** Bloud 

Ottm Ammomacj lamp., ft 10 

——Arabic..; 9 10 

■ 4iMte ida.^ 6 

•—Benjamin 7 10 

— ^ Anlail......'.J..«cwt. ft 10 

^— Galbannm 

•— Gambogium 17 

— Myrrh 8 

— Ollbamun ft O 

Lac Lake 1 ft 

— ^Dye 3 6 

— Sbell, Block • 10 o 

«^-> Sbmred S 10 

— Sttck S 10 

Muek. Ciilna....* ok. Ift 

Niut Vomica cwt. 

OilCa*ua os. O ft 

— Cinnamon 1ft 

•— » Clove*.. *..... O .ft 6 

Maci 

«a>BiM Mttt^Cg* .••••*•* t-ww O 4 4 

Rhabarb J. O 4 « 

8al Ammoniac.. .#.. cwt. 9 

flemu. .lb. 16 



' tf «. 


d. 


te ft 





— 44 





"» S 16 


6 


-* 4 ft 





— ft 1ft 





— 01 


9 


-. 1 


ft 


— I 


I 


— Oft 


4 


- a a 





— 4 rt 





— ft 





— 4 14 


a 


— 1ft 





— Oft 





— ftl 





— rt 





— 04 





— ft ft 





— ft 15 





— ft Ift 





— 80 





— ft a 





— 1ft 





— «0 





— 10 





— fl» 





— 10 





— 80 





— 1 


9 


w ft 


6 


— ft 1ft 





— HO 





— 80 





— I 






— 083 

— O ft 10 

— ft 6 

— ft 6 



ip •'do 

to i 1ft o 

— i 10 

^ ^ fi o 

— i i6 -o 
-^-6 Xft 






8 
7 



ft 11 
ft 6 
ftv4 

» O 
4 6 



TWmerlck, JaTa ..'..cwt, i lO o 

~ Beittal 18 

— Cbiiia.. ft 

Zednsry 

Oallt, M 6orU....k... 6 16 

7— Blue,... ..^.. ..,.„„. 80-0 

lodigo, Bitte ......;. lb. 

— IBlne and Yiolct , d.J. /«. 

— Pq pic. and Violet. ... 6 4 

— 1*100 iri»il«t , , 

— OOOd Ditto... 4> ■♦ ^'-'mm-p 

— Kne Violet fc Copper * ft — ^ 
— - Ooorf -Ditto.... -, ft O — a 

■ — ^ Oood Copper „„ 4^ 8 -? O 

->— Middling Ditto 4 6 — 9 

— — ^TTOfjrWtto 0. 3 6 — a J W 

— Fin** Madta» „.. ft 9 — Q 6 4 

— Middling Ditto , .»,.. 4- ^ tf ft |» 

— Ordinary Ditto 6 ft 9 — - 04-4 

.Rice.;..*..; .....cwt. « — ft ft 

Safflower t^ cwt. 4 — ' 9* 6 

'^Ko »..^..i.^»..M cwt. ft -0 O -i» 3 O 

SoJtpftre, Refined cwt.* ft 7 

8iik, BetinlSkem ......lb. O 19- ^• 

— Nofi , O tft ft 

-^~- Ditto Wbite 

— Cluna _................ 10 7 

— ^ Or«anzinc..t w.. I 17 

6l>tce», Cinnamon... ....lb. 10 

Glove* 3 7 

Mace .■;...... • »■ ■»- 

— Nutmegs ft 10 

-.— Ginger ..cwt.. S 10 0- 

— PepprV, Black.... ib. 7 

White O 11 

Siifar, Yellow cwt. l; 18 

White .....ft *0-0'» 

Brown l 14 

Tea» Boheat .......Ib. B 7 ' 

r>)ilgott •. :,. • .ft 

— Souchong 3 10 

~— Campoi O ft 9 

— - Twankay ,.... ft ll 

— Pekoe.. ..t...'r. v.. 040 

«VM»ivSkin r...» ft 10 

— — Hy«on , 4 7 

-.— Gun|M>wder 5 4 

Tortoiseshelt » 19 

Woods, Saanders Red..ton 110 





-0 


14 11 


— 


1 IL 


..m. 


i; ft I 


— 


ftl 6-.0 


rr. 


11 -4 


.^ 


'oia,« 


— 


6 


— 


^ Ift- • 




' 1 ''.-> 


— i 


0; 1 


— 


ft< 4 




-3 10 


— 


1 19' • 


— 


ft .8 


«.r 


3 ^ft 


«M 





4 6 







^'^ 


^ 





4*^1 


— 





V C 


atm. 





4 3 


-i^. 


ot ro 


-^ 


0! 5 8 


-^ 


1 1 6- 


*— 


U 


'li' tl 



Goods declared for Sale ai the [Eoit^India Hou$e. 



Om IWid^y, 4 Febtruar^^Pnmpt ftft 4prtf . 
rrt9Umi*-md i>«twUe- Trade. — Bandannoea— 
Shawlt— Cboppa*— 8il ks— Nankeenit — Betellees— 
Lon|doth»— Sallamporta — Blue Ciotbt— Madras 
Haadkcrcliivfs. 

On TWfdoy, 11 PcCrraary—Proa^ie JIfay. 

Compoay'c— Black and White Pepper— Ciniui- 
iMm— < 'loves— Ua^ — Nutmegs — Od of Cinna- 
mon*. Ntttmeg>>, and Mace— Saltpetre, 1,900 tons. 

ffigate-Tnde, PririUg9, and JAcen$ed.—Q9l\- 
■ftp I Eld 9 a onder s Wood — Rattans— Ebony— > 
Castor Oil — Olibanum — Cornelians— Ratians — 
IPftpper— Benjamin<«0«l of Mace— Tortoisesb«ll— 
€Mtor Oil and Turmerick— Lac Lake— Lac Dye— 
Smm Wood— Black Wood— «ago— inger— Car- 
dWMinf— fthelUc — Gam Arabic— Saflow^r— Soy 
—Fbns— Cinnamon — *€assia Lignea — Catnphire 

finreflned)— Whanghees— Malae6i Osnes— 8eed. 
»-BarBte — Caasla Bads — Nalmegs — Maco— 
Ca^ Pootie Oii— Arrow Root— Allspice— Atocs^ 



4>yi 



Gum AAimi— Elephants* Teeth— Donltchie Py^ 
Horse Skins— ^altpetf*— Goal Skins, undreised— 
Kid Skins, dressed. 

Property cf Gsjf Jea Cooemmeat.— OU •# Gnil^- 
IBon. 

On fWdof , ftl Pekruarif^Prompl 93 Jlfof . 
'CoiH/M^y*i.—9ttgar— Coffee. 

On.Ttuidaj/t 4 ^arcA— iVompf 30 JIfay* 
Tea Bphea, fl00,fl00 ba —Congou and Catopoi, 
4.300,8Q9~Pe<(oe' and s^ottcbong.. 150.000— twaq^ 
kay, 856;000 — Hystin Skin, 100,000 — Hyson. 
ft50,0Q0— Total, inclading.Pr«vatfTiadie,6ili|D.O0O 
lbs. 

On Monday, 10 Jlforcft- IVompt 6 Jitac, 
Cosspmy's.— Nau^n Cloth, 984,408 piece^^> 
Bengal Piace Goods, via#— MasUns, %364— CtRl- 
coes, 90.3ftl — prohibited; 49.079..-^ Coast Piece 
Goods, vis.— Callkocs, 168.819 — MtMlios. |96— 
P.ohlbHed, ll,47». . 



».*. 



I 



/iHJittw SecuriHa oud £xchQ$^[e$^ 






B]f ftccoonts ftoai Bebgid, datM la|e in Aumt^ 
k iMaaft • ooosloarable Imyrovcmtiit bad taken 



nkM^in At Company's 6 per cent. Imgi PMer« nontba 
ttaJbcowfaUhgeqn being but two ana a bairpif dedinc, 
^Kt "fttfUHHniyTBiyPoyint, 



TiM tMbaBM 00 tondoft rttnnlned at hvm 
I ft*. 86. fof SiBa at Bnnntbs *% bt ^ i« 
dftte^ >ot tbftit ftp u ft T ft d n t— j fa icyko n 



G.' HU>iBT 



r^ 



-ifir";""'''"''''"' ■ 


- «i 


2 1 r2|«| 1=1 15 1 ISSI 1=1 


'-„'S,S 


« 


■ssf 


a,- o.5_a_ ^j^-jf^-JTnS'.r^aw'w^- 


j-aa^i 




■onia "K 


II 1 1, 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 M 1 1 1 1 1 1 


'^!t'^Z 


II 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 IS 


»tm<<os 


1 1 1 II 1 1 iSiSi 1 1 1 1 1 1 iS 


■ . 


II IIIM|lllMll||||i 


-— 


II 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Ml 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 


"«4 


M 1 tl 1 1 1 II 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


■Kf-l! 


15 IS 1 1 M^t 1 II 1 1 M 1 1 1 


IVl 


II 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 lil M 1 1 II 1 


,„,„ 





|i||M|i|||tiig|i|n| 



t 

tHE 



ASIATIC JOURNAL 



FOR 



MARCH 181/. 



^ '• 



■ T -.>. 



mmm 



ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. 



To thd Editor of the Asidtic JoumaL 



; ) 



Sir, — -Allow me through means 
6F your useful miscellaay, to call 
(he attention of the public to a 
department of the mercantile in- 
terests of the country, of undeni- 
kble importance to the general 
prosperity. The lamentable de- 
pression under which our com- 
merce ^nd manufactures at present 
labour, is felt by no other branch 
tn a greater, or perhaps in go great 
a degree ^ in the Silk Trade. The 
sales of British manufactured silk 
during the last twelvemonth, did 
liot exceed one half of those of 
1814. There is no doubt, but that 
the complicated pressure operative 
upon the general body of the peo- 
ple, tends in a considerable -degree 
to check the demand for Silk 
goods. But still I apprehend, the 
peculiar and unexampled difficul- 
ties of this braiich of cohimercQ 
maybe elucidated, by an explana- 
fipn of their .originating cause. 
^ Impressed with ^. wise convic- 
tion of its vital .c9nnection, I might 
almost say identity ^ith naticmal 
prosf^rity, it has always been a 
ruling prmciple with His Majesty's 
CfoTermoent^ to encourage the 
indostr^ of British maoufacturerSf 
by leaving the raw material in each 
~ N— No.XV. 



branch free, ot nearly &ee fi*6irl 
duty. The Silk Trade was how** 
ever excepted ; on this it was 
thot^ht.proper, that heary andcon«( 
tinually augmented duties should 
be imposed; owing to the pe;Culiar 
circumstances in which Britisli 
commerce was placed by the late 
war, the ill effects of .this except 
tion were not brought into op^nut 
tion. . The British merbhant 'Was 
not only enabled to monopolise al* 
most exclu)»iyely the foreign mar* 
ket, but the injurious intrmlucttoir 
of fcHreign wrought goods to homa 
consumption, was prevented ; with 
such advantages the capital en« 
gag^d, in the organization of new 
es^^llshments, w'as continually re^'' 
ceivifig accessions to a degree 
which promised the fairest results^ 
The Silk Manufacture w'as rapidly 
extending itself ovei' the whole 
kingdom, mills and machinery hod 
risen up in ahnost every county, 
furnishing the means of healtliml 
employment and comfortable sub- 
sistenice. to many thousands, aikl 
bringing to. the r^enue laive sums^ 
^Uect^ with little trouble^ and 
without a stpgle attempt st tend 
pr evasion ; tans was obtamed for 
the. Silk Manufacture a national 
. YoL.nL 2F 



210 State of the Rm Silk Trade. [[March, 

importance, similar to that of the and would again be iq^plied to the 



Cotton, Woollen or Linen Trade. 
Such were the prosperous cir- 
cumstances of this branch of our - 
industry, when the ports of Europe 
were again set free from political 
restraints, and the continental 
manufacturer was again enabled to 
meet his British rival, and .to meet 
him on terms so advantageous, as 
to leave him no judicious hope in 
the competition. Can it be ex- 
pected that foreigners, fostered 
and encouraged by their govern- 
ments, by an almost, if not alto- 
gether, total exemption from im- 
posts and duties, will find any 
difficulty in excluding our coun- 
trymen, whose exertions are bur- 
thened with a government charge, 
amounting to 3s. 6d. per lb.. on 
raw silk, and 14s. 7d. on orga- 
nized silk, which is again further 
increased to 20 or 21, by the addi- 
tion of profit and commission^ and 
the several duties on the various 
articles required in dying, dressing, 
and other preparations for the 
m^ket ? What effectual relief is it 
poissible for the bounties on expor- 
tation to afford the British trader, 
who has to contend with the accu* 
mulated pressure of these high 
charges, direct and indirect ? The 
demand for home consumption suf- 
fers likewise in an equal degree 
from the same cause, for while the 
heavy duty offers a bounty to the 
smuggler, the consequent high 
price of Uie article prevents, or at 



purpose of furniture, &c. 

The trade in the raw silks of 
Beneal, is acknowledged to be of 
the first consequence to the East- 
India Company, and very import- 
ant to that settlement. It cannot 
be doubted, that the most benefi- 
cial results would ensue from the re- 
duction of the present high duties, aa 
any stimulus given to die silk ma- 
nufacture here, would necessarily 
increase and improve the sales of 
raw silk, by the increase and ex- 
tension of sale consequent on the 
adoption of such a concession, 
which would evidently be mi^e 
without any real sacrifice of re- 
venue, as the reduced daty thus ex- 
tended in its operation, would yield 
as large an aggregate amount. 
Important as these considerations 
undoubtedly are, in a national point 
of view, the advantages which 
would result to the East-India 
Company, from the adoption of 
the measure herein recommended, 
may be made I apprehend not less 
apparent. During the discussions 
which took place on the last re- 
newal -of their Charter, it was 
stated, in the printed papers which 
were then circulated, that large 
advances were necessarily made 
from the Company's commercial 
funds in England, to defray charges 
on account of the territory in 
India ; and by a clause in the 5Sd 
of the King, provision is made 
that a sum equal thereto, shall in 



least diminishes the purchase of each and every year be issued in 
British Silks by the middle classes, India, for the purpose of the Com- 



who always in this country consti- 
tute the bulk of consumers* 

Were however the present du- 
ties reduced, the benefit would be 



pany's China and India investment. 
The participation of foreigners in 
the India trade, and the successful 
rivalry of similar manufactures in 



great and immediate. May it not this country, necessarily interfere 

be hoped, that the skill and capital with the demand for articles of 

of the British manufacturer, would Indian produce and manufacture 

in such case enable him to com- ' at the Company's sales, and par- 

fjete successfully with his foreign ticularly with the formerly staple 

rival? while the cost of the article article of piece goods. Great 

being also reduced to the home difficulty must thus attend the in- 

consumer, the use of diffisrent silk Testing annually the amount of 

goods would be greatly extended^ these territorial charges, in sale- 



1817.3 



Madras Military Fund. 



2ll 



able commodity. J^ therefore, 
the beneficial consequences pre- 
dicted from lowering the duty on 
Raw Silk should be realised, and 
of which there appears to me no 
reason to doubt, the advantages 
to the Company must be most 
important. By extending the im- 



portation of raw silk from India^ 
a means of profitably investing 
the territorial payments will be 
provided, the proprietors' dividend 
more effectually secured, and 
finally the prosperity of the Indian 
empire materially promoted. 

Mercator. 



To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal, 



Sir, — The Asiatic Journal is a 
work which has long been a desi- 
deratum in British literature, and 
judging by the. numbers that 
have already appeared, promises 
ultimately to succeed in all the ob- 
jects proposed in the prospectus, 
or of which such a publication is 
capable. The domestic policy and 
events affecting our countrymen in 
India are more uncertain and un- 
known, than of those in any Other of 
our foreign possessions, and this is to 
be attributed chiefly to the pruden- 
tial rules^ which controul the public 
press. 'Such a work as yours there- 
fore, is certain of obtaining many 
promoters and more readers. — lam 
induced to address you now on the 
«ubject of the Madras Military 
Fund, (of which I am a member) 
an institution of the greatest con- 
cern aad interest to every military 
servant on that establishment, and 
matured after years of fruitless at- 
tempts by the joint zealous exer- 
tions of the lamented late Maior- 
Ge^. Agnew and Colonel Wilkes. 
The pnncipal objects of it are, 
first, to obviate the almost daily 
recunence of applications to our 
private benevolence, in behalf of 
widows and families of deceased 
officers, left destitute, by ensuring 
diem a certain and ample provi- 
sion, . and to assist officers, other- 
wise improvided, with the means 
of returning to Europe for their 
health. Such obiects, I need 
scarcely add, met the general sup- 
port of the army, and have obtain- 
ed stability and permaneni^y if 
not shakeoi by the improvident 



acts of the managers at Madras,' 
who are composed of the Staff, 
»id other officers generally resi- 
dent at the presidency. By the* 
25th article of the Regulations, it 
is expressly enacted, that *.^ all 
property belonging to the Madras 
Military Fund shall be vested in 
the Hon. Company's Securities;" 
and hitherto it has been strictly 
adhered • to, not only with the 
funds in India, but virtually, with 
that part remitted for the payment 
of pensions in England, amount- 
ing perhaps nearly to eight or ten 
thousand pounds annually, by en- 
trusting its disbursement to a re- 
spectable officer of the East-India 
House, approved and sanctioned 
by the Court of Directors; t3hiere- 
by, affording not an ideal, but real 
security and protection, and an 
easy access for payment. The mo- 
ney, I believe, was vested in the 
Bank of England, and to the cre- 
dit of Mr. Rundall, it must' be ad- 
mitted, ' that he conducted the 
whole of the business, from the 
commencement, with tbe greatest 
regularity and correctness ; — -what; 
then can be the cause for the mo- 
ney being now vested in a private 
Banking House, and the payment 
delegated to a private banker lafe- 
ly returned from Madras? until 
some valid reasons are given, (and 
from my knowledge of parties iai^ 
Madras) I fear such are wanting, 
I can only reflect on the evident 
breach of the regulations, and the 
danger to be apprehended from 
such a precedent. We all knofr, 
and particularly the people in In« 

2F 2 



^12. Observations on the MisBU^naries in the East'IneHes. [MxKCtfi 

dia^ too wdl know, the frailty of acting upder the control :pf tfass^ 
Banking Houees-rr-private persons Court of Directors, his appoint* 



m^y have inducements to resort to 
them, but the trustees. of a public 
fund, can never be defenaed int 
such a measure. If it has been 
found necessary to remove Mr 
Hundall from this administration, 
why was not a brpther officer, a 
subscriber also, a man with a wife 
and large family, who had been obli- 
ged to quit India, for his health, 
who had canvassed and obtained 
l^e voteis of the whole army for the 
succession, why, I say, was not 
this officer appointed? Being a 
strictly honourable, deserving man, 
lind in every way competent ; sure- 
ly, the objects of the institution 
jurould have been better met, whilst 



ment would not have created alana 
and apprehension in the minds of 
the subscribers at large^ The 
Hon. Company with it$ accustomr 
ed liberality cherishes this Aind^ 
by an annual donation of tWQr 
thousand pounds ; should howeviery 
that munificent and important pa- 
tron signify displeasure at this unr 
accountable act of the managers 
by withdrawing such assistance, 
however much It would be felt and 
regretted, still, if it tend to teach 
the managers how far they have 
forgotten their duty to theur con*?, 
stituents, it may prove fui even*;^ 
tual benefit. 

A Madras O^ficbr^ 



m 



ikli*i 



acs-e 



To the Editor qf the Asiatic JoumaU 



Sir,-— The Missionary Iptelli- 
gence in your last number, cannot 
fail to be particularly acceptable 
jto the generality of your readers, 
as containing authentic intelligence 
i^om the highly respectable Mr* 
Corrie, onwnose establidhed zeal 
and abilities, strict veracity, and 
locai knowledge, ever^ reliance 
maybe placed ; as ftlso m the very 
intelligent report from the Abb^ 
!Did)ois to the Archdeacon of Bom- 
bay, in the second report of the 
Bombay Auxiliary Bible Society, 
as illustrative of the manners, cus- 
ioias, and, state o( society amoqg 
the native Christians on the western 
fiide of British India. 

if I am not greatly mistaken, the 
territotial revenue received by the 
Bast India Company from British 
India, exceeds twelve millions 
sterling per annum, |rpm which 
.pum a few hundred sounds might 
ai^parently be spared amiually, to 
raise the Christian character in the 
^j^s Qf the natives ; for I can 
Jiardly be brought to believe, that 
ffeiadeDien of «uc1;i elevated Chris- 
p^ i^har^icter as d^ l^te C^faair- 



man, and many others, wm \j\ 
the Direction, can be desirouii 
of suffering eight hundred thou* 
sand native Christians to con-* 
tinue the vilest of all other classes, 
by their horrid debaucheries, when 
a few respectable missionaries might 
lead them into the way of truth, 
righteousness, morality, and chear^ 
fiu industry, in their respective 
callings. 

The Abb^ Dubois states, that the 
native Christiansare in great wanttif 
European missionaries, as from die 
long unsettled state of Europe, few 
hadairiared for many years; and 
the seal of the Meophites (converts 
in the knguage iS the Romidi 
church) was .eonseqaently mttch 
slackened for want of tibat fsa^ 
toral care and attention reqniaite 
in every oounlry, but more parf> 
tieolBrly in British India, wher* 
precept, as well as example, is wb 
necessary to check the propeosilgr 
to vice among this race, who liaiva 
hitherto been oonaidered as the 
refitaeofiMCietj. 

Swttly^ tkevefoM^ th« fiaM^lndbb 
Oottpany^ irilk thfdr wdri Jibcrt 



16170 l^<